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tenett or doctrines shall ever he taught in the publlo schools, nor shall any books,
papers, traots or dooumonts o! a political, sectarian or denominational charaotor be used or Introduced In any school etabllshod under the provisions of this Article, All public school exercises In thlsState shall be conducted In the English language, nd all teachers employed In the educational institutions uuder the control of the 3tato shall be cltltens of the United Slates. Bxc 4. The general supervision of the common tchools of the State shall be vested In a Hoard of Education, consisting of the Governor, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the State Treasurer, the powers and duties of which shall be pre scribed by law, and who shall serve as such Board without compensation. Sic, 4. A Superintendent of Publlo Instruction shall bo elected, whose term of of flee, powers, duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law. ; ARTICLE IX. COMMON SCHOOL rBNDS AND LANDS. Section 1. All proceedsof tho publlo lands that have theretofore been, or may lie aereaftcr granted.by the United States for tho support of the s jhool system In this Statoi all such per centum as may be granted by the United Stales on tho sale oi public lands: tho proceeds of property that shall fall to the Stato by escheat; tho proceeds of any gilts and donations to the State for the common schools, not otherwise ap propriated by the terms of the gift; all moneys which shall be paid by persous as equivalent for exemption from military duty; together with such othor means as th Legislature may provtde.by tax or otherwise, shall bo Inviolably appropriated to the support of the common schools. Provided, that the proceeds of all lands that have heretofore, or may hereafter be appropriated or granted for tho maintenance of the University of Arizona, shall be Inviolably applied to tho specific use of tho original grant, Provided, that the proceeds of all lands that have been heretofore, or may hereafter be appropriated or granted for the maintenance of Territorial Normal Schools, shall be Inviolably applied to tho speclflo use of tho original grant. Sic. 2. The Legislature shall provide for the disposal of tho lands heretofore grentcdor which may hereafter be granted to the State for educations purposes, by lease and sale, the proceeds of which shall constitute a permanent and lnvlolato fund the interest of which, only, shall be used, and forthe equitable distribution of such Interest within the counties of the State, in proportion to the childien of school age thereof. Bald proceeds, with any unexpended Interest, or rental, shall be Invested, in bonds of the United States, bonds of tho Stato ol Arliona. bonds of school corpora tions, or m first mortgage on farm lands within tho State, not exceeding lu amount one-third tho actual value of any sub-dlvlslon on which the same may be loaned. Sec. 3. Thecustodlans of said funds shall bo tho same as provided by law for Stat and county funds, and any losses shall be made good by the State, principal and in terest, Ukc 4. The State Board of Education shall cause all the lands to bo appraised bj s.vro appraisers, part of whom at least shall be residents of the county wherein tin lauds to bo appraised are situate, and after all such lands Bhali havo been appraised said Board shall designate for salo such lands as they may think most advautageoui for the publlo interest to be sold, and classify the same by the uses to which the) may be applied. But not more than one-fourth of tho lands belonging to any one ol the said classes shall be sold during any period of five yean, commencing with the data on which this Constitution goes into o fleet. Sic, 5. The Legislature shall prescribe by law the limit to the quantity of land which may be leased or sold to any one Individual, company or corporation, and uc laws shall ever be passed granting to any person, corporation or association, ant privilege, oy reason of occupation or cultivation of any school lands, by said person corporation or association, subsequent to the survey thereof, of the general govern menL No claim for the occupation, or cultivation of any school lands Bhall 6ver b recognised, nor shall such occupation, or cultivation of any school lands ever be used to dlmlnith, either directly or Indirectly, the sale or rental value ol said lands But the said board stiall cause to be appraised the pe.mancnt Improvements madt an any school lands, and the value of the land separately. Wncu such land Is sold tho purchaser thereof in addition to the value of the land paid to the State, shall pa) to the owner of such permanent Improvements the amount of their appraised value The owner of such permaneut Improvements shall have the option to become th purchaser of said lands at the highest offered price and on such terms as the Legists ture may by general law provide. Sic. 6. No land shall be leased for a perloa longer than ten years, nor shall auj land be sold for less than the appraised value, and In no case for less than J10.00 pel acre unless otherwise provided in the Enabling Act admitting Arlzouo as a State nor shall any land be sold or leased In any other manner than at public auction, and in accordance with such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by law. ARTICLE X. surraAox. Siction 1. Every male cltlien of the United States of the age of twenty-one yean d upwards (except Idiots, lunatics, soldiers, seamen, or mariners lu the army oi ivy of the Unltod States, Indlaus not taxed, and persons convicted of any Infaiuoui capital crimen who has resided In the State or territory one year ana in mt ounty wherein such residence Is located hall be entitled to vote at such election hall be no denial of the elective franchise on accouij Sic. 2. Nothing herein shall bo construed to deprive any persou of the right ti oto who has such right at the time of the adoption of this Constitutl..n. Sc.3. The Legislature shall be empowered to make further extensions of sul tge hereafter, at its discretion, to all citizens of mature and sound mind, not con jjjted of any capital or iufamous crime, without regard to sex. But no law extend "" j or restricting the right of suffrage shall be enforced until adopted by a majorit) the electors of the Slate voting at a geueral election. 'V'ic. 4. The mode and manner of holding elections and making returns thereol '. ill be as they now are, or may hereafter be prescribed by law. I . ARTICLE XI. ( SIAT OT O0VIENMENT. ie seat of government shall be, and remain permanent, at the city of Phcenlx, ii county of Maricopa, until otherwise ordered by a two-thirds (H) vote of the Leg .urerand a majority vote of the people, legally authorised to vole at any genera tion. Whenever the question of removal shall have been submitted to the 'ieo ;:ai herein provided, It shall not again be submitted until after the term of ten i) years, and In the manner herein prescribed. ARTICLE XII. MILITIA. ( ejection 1. The militia of the State shall consist of all able bodied male citizens of js State, between the ages of 13 and 45 years, except such as are exempted by the Us of the United States or the Stale. But all citizens having scruples of conscience erse to bearing arms, shall be excused therefrom upon such conditions as shall be '.-scribed by law. Sxc 2. The Legislature may provide by law, for the enrollment, equipment and discipline of tho militia, to conform as nearly as practicable to the regulations for he government of the armies of the United States. Sic. 3. All militia officers shall be commissioned by the Onverner, the manner of heir selection to bo provided by law , and may hold their commissions for such pe d of time as the Legislature may provide. 'xc.4. No military organisation under the laws of the Bute shallcarry any banner .r flag represcntins any sect or society or the Bag ol any nationality but that of the Jnited States. ARTICLE XIII. NAMI AND BOUNDARY. Siction 1. The name of this State shall be "Arizona." 1 Sic. 2. The boundaries of this State are, and shall remain as follows: Beginning ,'it the southwest corner o( tho State of Colorado, the same being the northwest cor 'er of the Territory of New Mexico, ai established by Act oi Cotigreis February 21th, ',03; thence west with t c thirty-seventh parallel of north latitude, to it. Intersec tion with the east boundary line of the State of Nevada; thence south with that jonndary line to Its intersection with the center of the Colorado river, thdnce fol lowing down the center of said river ton point on tho boundary line established by treaty between the United States and the Republic, of Mexico, dated December 30th, i 1853; thence easterly, following said treaty line to its Intersection with 109 degrees t minutes 59 seconds 25-100 of longitude west of Greenwich; thence north with that degree to the place of beginning. Sic. 3. There shall be a seal of the State which shall be'kept by tbo Secretary ol - dtate, and shall be called the "Great Seal of the Btato of Arizona," and the seal of the Territory of Arizona shall be the seal of the State until otherwise provided by law. ARTICLE XIV. couracr with tiii dnitid statu. Siction 1. The Stato of Arizona is an inseparable part of the Federal Union, and ' -.he Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land. Sic. 2. The legal debts and liabilities of the Territory shall be assumed and paid y this 8tate. 8IC.3. The people inhabiting this State do agree and declare that they forever llsclalm all right and title to the unpproprlated publlo lands lying within tho boun larles thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits owned or held by any Indian ir Indian tribes, and that until the title thereto shall have been extinguished by the United States, the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition of the United states, and said Indian lands shall remain under the absolute Jurisd'ctlon and con trol of the Congress of the United States; that the lands or other property belonging to citizens of the United Stato. residing without this State, shall never be taxed at i higher rate than the lands oro'.her property belonging to residents thereof; thatnc tax shall be Imposed by the State on lands or property therein, belonging to oi which may hereafter be purchased by the United States or reserved for Its use. Bui nothing herein shall preclude the State fiom taxing as other lands are taxed an) lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed his tribal relations, and has ob talned from the United States or from any person or source, a title thereto by paten' or other grant, save and except such lands as have been or may be granted to an) Indian or Indians under any act of Congress containing a provision exempting th lands, thus granted, from taxation; but all such lands shall be exempt from taxatloi by this State so long and to such extent as such let of Congress may prescribe. ARTICLE XV. county government. Siction L The several counties in the Territory of Aritona is they shall exist ai the time of the admission of said Territory as a State, are hereby declared tobethi counties of the State of Arizona. Sic. 2. The Legislature shall provide by goneral law for organizing new counties locating the county seats thereof temporarily, and changing county lines; but nt new county shall bo formed that does not contain at least one thousand square miles, and shall leave the county or counties from whloh it is formed to contain no! less than one thousand square miles each, and that shall also contain within th limits of said new county property of the value of one million dollars as shown b) the last preceding tax returns; and not then unless the old county or counties Iron whloh it Is formed shall each be left to contain at least one and one balf million dol lars of taxable property as shown by sitd last tax returns. And no new county shal be organized nor shall any old county be so reduced as to contain a population ol lets than fifteen hundred actual and bona fide Inhabitants. Sic. 3. Every new county shall assume and be holden for its pro rata of the In debtedness of the county or counties from which it may be formed. Sic L The Legislature shall establish, subject to this article, a system of count governments which shall be uniform throughout the State; and by general lawi hall provide for township and precinct organization and government. Sic. 5. The Legislature shall provide by general and uniform laws for the election biennially, In each of the several counties of this State, of a Board of Supervisors,! Sheriff who shall be ex-offlclo Tax Assessor until otherwise provided by law. A County Treasurer who shall bo ex-offlclo Tax Collector until otherwise provide bylaw. A Probate Judge who shall be ex-offlclo County Superintendent of public schools A County Clerk -who shall be Clerk of the District Court, and County Eecordei until otherwise provided by law, and a District Attorney,- The Legislature shall provide for the strict accountability of county, township enctmit anduslslb4iotlin, lor U money asrf tm frfctefc tot U MOtmi u) Sic. 0, The Sherlft, Clerk .and ox-offlolo Recorder may be empowered by tht County Board of Supervisors to appoint such deputies and clerical assistance as the business of their offices may require; and said deputies and clerical assistance shal' receive such compensation as may bo flxed by the Board of Supervisors. Sic. 7. The officers provided for herein shall receive such compensation for then annual services as may be provided by law, Sic. 8, The Legislature shall provide by generallaw, for such regulation of count; government and the olootlon and compensation of such county officers en may be come necessary. ARTICLE XVI. 8TTE institutions. Siction I. Educational, reformatory nnd penal institutions, and theme for the jonofltof the Insane, blind, deaf and dumh, and such other publlo Institutions as the publlo good may require, may bo established, and shall be maintained and con trolled by the State, in such manner, and uuder such regulations, as may bo pre ecrllicd by law. Sic. 2. All property and institutions of tho Territory of Arizona shall, upon the tdoptlon of this constltutljn, become the property aud Institutions of the State of Arizona. ARTICLE XVII. . CORPORATIONS. Section 1, All oxlstlng charters or grants of special or exclusive privileges under which the corporators or grantees shall not have organized and commerced busl aess In good faith aubetiraeuf the adoption of thtsconstitutlon shall thereafter have 10 validity except such corporations or grantees whoso time to organlzo under their iharter or grant has not expired at the time of the adoption of this Constitution. Sec 2. No charter of incorporation shall be granted, extended, clanged or ttnenilcd by special laws: but the Legislature shall prescribe by general law lor the irganlzatton of all corporations', private, public and municipal hereafter to be ere ited. Skc 3. The Legislature In addition to the powers granted In this Constitution, hail provide by law tho method whereby the court may revoke or annul any charter r Incorporation existing and revokable at the time this Constitution goes Into effect, r that may thereafter la! created, whenever' It may be Injurious to the cltltens of die State, and In such manner that no injustice be vlotie to the corporators or cred itors. Sec. 4. Any association or corporation organized for the purpose, shall have the right to construct and operate railroads, telegraph lines, or canals for carrying water, X'tween any designated points within this Slate. Sec 6. A II Individuals, associations, or corporations shall bo given equal rights ol .ransportatlon by common carriers, and no undue or unreasonable discrimination I hall be made In charges or facilities of said transportation by such common carrier. Sec. 0. The right of eminent domain shall never be abridged, or construed so as to prevent the Legislature from taking the property and franchise of Incorporations ind subjecting them to pub'Io use the tame as the property of tho Individual citizen. Sic 7. All fictitious Increase of capital stock or Indebtedness of corporations shall 6o void. Bkc. 8. Any corporation existing under the laws of the Territory prior to the tdoptlon of this Constitution may by resolution of Us directors, authenticated by the signatures of lt officers, and seal, elect to como under and enjoy the conditions ind advantages of this article by riling said resolution In the office of the Secretary ol Sthte. Sec. !. Any prcldent, director, manager, cashier or other officer of any banking institution who shall receiver assent to the reception of deposits of money after he i hall have knowledge of the fact that such banking Institution Is Insolvent, shall be individually responsible for sucu deposits so received and shall be punii lied crim inally. Sec 10. All corporations shall always bo subject to the power of the State. ARTICLE XVIII. WATER AND WATER RiOIITS. Siction 1. All natural streams and lakes within the boundaries of this State, cap ible of being used for the purposes of navigation or Irrigation, are hereby declared to bo tho propel ty of the State. Sic i. The common law doctrine of riparian water rights shall never be applied In this Stale, nor shall the right f use water heretofore lawfully appropriated tc beneficial uses ever be del led. Sue. 3. The right ot the people to appropriate and use the unappropriated watert of this State, for bencflrlal purposes, shall never be denied: priority of appropriation shall give the better right always. Sec 4. The right of Individuals or corporations to construct reservoirs and Ira pound and apirt.prie.ie lie suiplhsard fle,e.d w, tcrs In this State, for sale, rental The first I.-catoi reservoirs and canal) reasonable diligence tc maintain the same no as to supply water, shall be held to work a forfeiture of sucL right. Sec 5. "very appropriator of water shall use the same reasonably and econom lcally. Sic 0. The mode and manner of acquiring and exerclslngall of said rights thai) be subject to Legislative control. Sec. 7. The Legislature shall have power to authorze tho organization of district! aud the creation ol a debt for the construction or purchasing of dams, canals and ditches and other appliances equtred to supply water to land lu saia districts; but such debt, principal and Inn-rest, shall subject only the lands benefitted or reclaim ed to taxation to pay the same. Sic. 8. The Legislature shall pass laws requiring the owner or owners of every ditch or canal from which water Is rented or sold toother parties, to use reasonable diligence in keeping such ditch or canal lu such good condition and repair as to sup ply the water required. ; ' ARTICLE XIX. FORESTRY. The Legislature shall enact laws to prevent the destruction of and to preserve the forests on the lands of the State, and upon any part of the publlo domain, the control of which may be conferred by Congress upon this State. ARTICLE XX. the State or Territory one year and lu th. ! Pu" anaapirc.prie.ie tie snip iM-aro nce-a w. ters , tms at., ninety day. next preceding any clectioL I domestic, slock, or any .eneflclal puipoe, shall never r deuiid n, provided that in school elections then of a res. rvoir right shall hale priori,. A allure to construct re. e on accouijt of sex ' wll,'ln a reasonable time after location, and a failure to use reaso the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors of each county, calling an election by the people for all State, district and other ofllivrs, created and made elective by this Constitution, and flxlng a day for such election, which shall not be less than forty days after the dato of such proclamation, uor moro than ninety days after tbo admls slon of the Territory asa State. Sec. 10. Tho Boards of Supervisors of tho several counties shall thereupon ordei such election for said day, and shall causo notlco thereof to bo given in the mannei and for the length of time provided by the laws of the Territory In cases of general elections for delegates to Congress and county and other offices. Every qualified elector of the Territory who shall have been registered at the date of said election shall bo entitled to vote thereat. Said election shall bo conducted In all respects In tho san e manner as provided by the laws of the Territory for general elections, and the returns thereof shall le made to tho Canvassing Hoard hen-lnafter provided for Sec 11 The Governor, Secretary of tho Territory and President of this Convention or a mBjorlty of them, shall constitute a Board of Canvassers to canvass the vote ol such election for members of Congress, Judges of the 8uprcuie Court, all State and district officers and members of tho Legislature. Tho said boaid shall assemble at the seat of government of the Territory on the thirtieth (30) day after the day ol such election (or on the followlhg day If such day fall on Sunday) and proceed tc canvass tho votes for all State and district officers, Judges of the Supreme Court and members of the Legislature, In the manner provided by the laws of the Territory foi canvassing the vote for delegte to Congress, Rnd they shall issue certificates ol election to the persons found to be elected to said offices, severally, and shall make and file with the Secretary of the Territory an ab-tract ccrlflcate bythem.ofthi number of votes cast for each person, for eat h of said offices and of the total numbei of votes cast In each county Sic. 12. Al officers elected at such election, except mem' ers of "he Legislature shall, within thirty days after they have teen declared elected. take the oath re quired by law. and give the same bond required by the law ol the Territory to be given Incase of llki officers of the Territory or district, and shall thereupon entel upou the duliei of thtlr respvethe officts, except a . therwi-e provided m this Con stltulloti. but the Legislature may require by law all suchofficers to give other oi further bonds as a condition of their continuance in office. 8ec 13. The Governor elect of the State Immediately upon his qualifying and en terlng upon the duties of his office, shall issue his proclamation cvincnlng the Leg lslaturc of the State at the seal of government, ot a day to W named In said procla matlnn, ami which shall not he less than thirty nor more than sixty days after the date of said proclamation. Wlthli. ten days after the organization of the Lcglslaturt both houses ol the Legislature shall then and there proceed to elect as provided h) law, two Senators of the Uuli d States, for the State of Arizona. Ai said electloi the two persons who shall receive the majority of ail votes cast by said Senators and Representatives shall be elected as such United Suites Senators, and shall be so de clared by the presiding officers of both houses. The presiding officers of the heoato and House shall Issue a certificate to each ol salo Senatirs certifying his election, which certificates shall also be signed by thi Governor and attested hy tho Secretary of State. Sec 14. The Legislature shall pass all necessary lana to carry lito eflect the pro visions of this Constitution. Sec 15 Whenever any two of the Judges of tbo Supreme Court of tho Stale, ilecled under the provisions of this Constitution, shall have qualified In their of fers, the causes then pending In the Supreme Court of the Terriiory unuppealor vrlt of error from the Ulstrict Court of any county or subdivision wlthiu the limits f this Btatc, and the papers, records and proceedings of said court, shall puss Into '.he jurisdiction and possession of the supreme Court of tho State, xcrpt as other wise provided In the Enabling let of Congress, and until so suspended, the Supreme Court ol tne Territory, and the judges thereof, shall continue with like power and lurisdlcllon, as If this Constitution had not i-cen adop ed. Whenever the Judge of the District Court of a .v district, clocted under the provis ions of this Constitution, shall have qual tied lu his office, tho several causes then pending In the District Court of the Territory within any county In such district, ind tho records, papers and proceedings of snld District Court and the seal and ither property pertaining thereto, shall pass Into the jurisdiction aud possession of the District Court of the Stato for such county, except as provided In the enabling set of Congress; until so suspended tho District Court and tho Judges thereof shall soutlnue with the same Jurisdiction and power to be exercised In tiro same judicial llstricts respectively as heretofore constituted under the laws of the Territory. Sec. IB. The flrt regular election that would otherwise occur following the first essloti of the first Legislature, shall be omitted, and all county and precinct officers llccted at the first election held under this Constitution, shall hold their offices lor Jie full term thereof, commencing at the expiration of the term of the county and precinct officers then In office, or the date l their qualification. Sic 17. If the first session of the Legislature under this Constitution shall be included within twelve months of the time designated for u regular Beslon thereof, '.hen thx next regular session following said special session shall be omitted. Sec IS. Members of the Legislature and all State officers, District and Supreme fudges elected at the first election held under ihls Constitution, shall hold their re spective offices for the full term next ensuing such election in addition to the period nterrenlng between the date of their qualifications and the commencement of said 'ull term. Sec. 19. All county and precinct officers who may be In office at the adoption of JiU Constitution shall hold their respective offices for the full term for which they nay have been elected and until such time as their sU'Cessors may be elected and (Uallfied as may he provided by law, and tho official bonds of all such officers shall lontlnue In full force and effect as though the Constitution had not been adopted. Sec 20. In behalf of the people of Arizona, we, In convention assembled, hav (rained this Constitution, and hereby submit the same to the qualified electors of .he Territory. Done In open Convention, at the City of Phcenlx, In tho Territory of Arizona, :ht 2d day of October, A. D. 1691. LABOR. Eight hours shall constitute a day's labor on all State works. ARTICLE XXI. AMENDMENTS. SECTION 1. Any amendment or amendments to this Constitution may be proposed In either branch of the f-eglslature, and if same shall be agreed to by a majority ol the members of each of the two houses, voting separately, such proposed amendment or amendments shall, with the yeas and nays thereon, be entered on tbtlr Jouniali and It shall be the duty of tho Legislature to submit such amendment or amend ments to the electors of tho State at the next general election, and cause the same to be published without delay for at least six consecutive weeks prior to said elec tlon, In not less than one newspaper of general circulation published In each coun ty; and If a majority of the electors shall ratify the same, such amendment oi amendments shall become a part of this Constitution. Sec 2. If two or more amendments are proposed, they shall be submitted in sucl manner that the ele-tors shall vote for or against each of them separately. Sec 3. W henever a majority of the members elected to each branch of tho Legit lature (hall deem It necessary to call a convention to amend or revise this Constltu tlon, they shall submit the proposition to the next succeeding Legislature and If i majority elected to each branch of that Legislature shall concur therein, they shal recommend to the electors to vote at the next general election for or against a Con vrntlon, and If a majority of all the electors voting at said election shall have voted for a Conventionale Legislature shall at the next session provide by law for calling thi ame; and such Convention shall consist of a nuvber of members not less than iouble the number of the most numerous branch of the Legislature. Sec. 4. Any constitution adopted by such convention shall have no validity until It has been submitted to aud adopted by the people. ARTICLK XXII, SCHEDULE. Section 1. That no Inconvenience may arise from a change of this Territorial jovernment to a permanent Slate novernment. It Is declared that all writ", actions, prosecutlons.clalms, liabilities and obligations aialust the Terriiory of Arizona, of whatever nature, aud rights ol Individuals, and of bodies corporate, shall continue as If no change had taken place in this government. Vnd all process hlch may, before the organization of the Judiciary Department under this Constitution, be Issued under the authority of the Territory of Arizona, shall be as valid as if Issued in the name of the State. Bio 2. All property, real and personal, and all moneys, credits, claims and choses in action belonging to the Territory of Arizona at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be vested in a d become theproperty of the State of Arizona. Sic 3. All laws now In force in tho Territory of Arizona, which are not repugnant to this Constitution shall remain in force until they explieby their own limitation, or shall bo altered or repealed by the Legislature. Sic. 4. All fines penalties, forfeitures and escheats, accruing to thei Territory of Arizona, shall accrue to the use of the State. 8EC.6. All recognizances, bonds, obligations or other undertakings heretofore taken, or which may be taken before the organization of the judicial department, under this Constitution, shall remain valld.-.and shall pass over to and may be pres ented In the name ot the State, and all bonds. obllratlonsorntherundertaklngs executed to this Territory, or by any officer In his official rapacity, shall pass over to the proper State autho Ity and their successors in office, for the uses therein re ipectlvely expressed, and may bo sued for and recovered accordingly. All criminal prosecutions and penal actions which have arisen or which may arise liefore the or janlzatlon of the Judicial department under this Constitution, and whloh shall then be pending my be prosecuted to Judgment and execution in the name of the Btato. Sic. 8. All officers, civil and military, holding their offices and appointments In this Territory, under authority of the United State", or under the authority of this Territory, shall continue to hold and exercise their respective offices and appoint ments until the State government becomes operative under this Constitution. BiC. 7. This Constitution shall be submitted for adoption or rejection to a vote of the qualified electorsot this Territory, atan election to be held oh the first Tuesday In Decemoer, A. D 1891. Said election, as nearly as may be, shall be ordered and oonducted in all respects in the same manner as provided by the laws of the Ter ritory, excent that persons entitled to vote for or against the adoption of this Consti tution, shall be as follows to wit; All male persons over twenty-one years of age, W. A. ROWE, President, II. N. ALEXANDER, J. W. ANDERSON, ALONZo BAILEY, WILLIAM HENRY BARNES, BEN M. CRAWFORD, GEORGE W. UHEYNEY, THOMAS DAVIS, FOSTER 8. DENNIS, THOMAS GATES, W. A. IIAR1T, JOtlN HUNT, mlliam herring, frank ii hereford, t c. jordan, art Mcdonald thomas o. morris, a. m. patterson, marcus a. smith marshall 11. williams, j. f. wilson, Attest: ALLEN C. BERNARD, Secretary. ADDRESS. Fiuow Citizen or Arizona: Your Delegates in Convention assembled to frame a Constitution for the State of Arizona, have completed the work, which Is here with submitted for your careful Investigation. They commend to your favorable consideration the Constitution accompanying this address, as tho trulls of the untiring labor and united efforts of your chosen rep resentatlves, whose Interests are Identical with your own. The end sought wax to frame a Constitution that would secure a just and economical administration in all of the Departments of Stato An examination of the Instrument submitted cannot fall to show the distinguishing features between a government organized under it and those not only seen but painfully felt by every taxpayer under our present sys tem. Under Territorial government, limitation of legislative, action is almost a stranger, and (or a long time was not known at all: and official conduct but little r-atched by the eye nd authnrltv of tbe law. Hence leakage In the treasury, and extravagance In public expenditure, are matters of but little surprise They must be recognized as tho fruits of bad government. Unguarded official action Is to be seen all along the llnenf our Territorial travel, and extravagant legislation has naturally followed nence to-day, while we are preparing for a new order of things under an economic and well guarded constitutional form of government, we are brought face to faor with an empty treasury and a large outstanding Territorial debt of nearly one mil lion dollars, while tbe debts of the several counties aggregate nearly three times that sum, A Just and economic admlnlstrat'on of affalra did not produce this. II should be ended, and hereafter avoided It can only be done by the mot cautious guards, and the Impartial reader cm not fall to find such, embodied In this Conttltn tlon. Your Delegates have sought to profit by tbe wisdom and experience of other States, and have therefore by careful selection established a Legislative, Executive and Judl clal system, whloh challenges comparison with the wisest and most economic. The number of officers has been reduced to the lowest practical limit, and salaries flxed at small economic sums. The different departments have been shapedafter the sys tem most familiar to our people, (bat nothing may be hazarded by experiment. The Judicial Department Is so arranged as to insure speedy litigation and avoid unnecessary expense. SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL LANDS. That all children of school age in the State may receive gratuitously, instructions ta tbe common school branches, a free common school system Is forever guaranteed Its Hinds are preserved Intact and the system divorced from all church and creed and Its management and control by sectarianism forever prohibited. Careful pro visions are made to preserve the school lands and for their Judicious appraisement, gradual sale and for the highest price Meantime the ploneerand early settler who has braved the danger of frontier life, and settled upon and Improved these lands Is not unprotected. He has the preference to purchase the land so Improved at the highest price offered for It And in the event he may not be able to pay the highest price so offered, the appraisers of the land are required to appraise the Improve ments separate from the land, and the purchaser mutt pay him for his Improve ments before taking possession. CORPORATIONS. Tbe legislation of old States has been found unequal to the task ot protecting the people from the growing grasplmr, monopolizing tendencies of railroads and other corporations. It ha been thought wisn therefore to placo positive restrictions on the powers of legislation In those matters. To this end provisions have been made (or tbe destruction of all wild cat schemes, and the wiping out of all dormant and sham corp rations claiming special and exclusive privileges. All power Is taker from the legislature to create corporations, or to extend or enlarge their power ty excluding Indian, not tax-d, who shall not have been convicted of any capital or I PcUllaw; or to give them rights or privilege, irrevocable Power is given to the Infamous crime, and who shall be citizen, of th. United States, and who .hall have- Le51,ur0 ,t0, reTokf or T,'.be charte" Wf that mayprnvelnjurlous, n. .m.,i m th Termor for .ltr d.v.. and in the oountv for te- days next ' tnd 'he Legl'liture Is required to enact wholesome law. empowering tbe court, to preceding the election. No registration of elector, shall be required for the purpose of voting at the election herein provided for. The Governor of the Territory .hall make proclamation ot tbe time of the submission of this Constitution to the elector, of the Territory at least thirty (30) days before the time flxed for submlsiton, and he shall causasaid proclamation to bo published In at least one newspaper publl.hed In each county of the Territory, At the said election the ballot, .hall be in the foil w Ingfonn: "FortheCon.titutlon.'Yes 'No.'" Any person may havo printed or written on hi. ballot only the word. "For the Constitution" or "Agalnit the Consti tution" and such ballots shall be counted for or agaln.t the Con.tltutlon. accordingly. All votes cast at such election, for or against said Constitution, shall 'be counted and returned to the Secretary of the Territory ints same manner a. vote, fordelegata. toCongres.,andheihall canvass and make1' known the result within forty dayt after .aid election, and tbe Governor 1. requited to declare the result 0'tbe vote casl and returned, on the adoption or rejection of tho fonitltutlon, by proclamation, when the lame 1. certified to him by the Secretary of the Territory. Sec. 8. This Constitution shall Uke effect and be In full force immediately upon the adml.slcn of. the Territory a. a State, Bxc. 9. Immediately upon the admission of the Territory as a State, the Governoi of the Territory, or, In rate of hi. absence or failure to act, the secretary Of me Tt exes, Female suffrage was strongly urged upon the convention by petitions from few quarters, and by earnest personal advocates, who were always given an at veutlve bearing; fcu t after mature deliberation the convention thought It unwlso to put woman's suffrage in the Constitution. However, the right of the people to be beard u pon this topic, has been recognized, and the Legislature coming directly from the people every two years, is fully authorized to submit this question to the people whenever and s often as m.y be desired. IRRIGATION. It is surely safe tossy that a Just and equitable system of Irrigation, suited to this arid region, has been devised. All natural streams and lakes of water capable of being used for Intention are declared to be the property of tbe Btate, andttls provided that the common law doctrine of riparian water rights is not to apply, and that the right to use water heretofore lawfully appropriated to beneficial uses is oever to be denied. Tbe right of the people to appropriate and use the upproprlated waters tor leue drlal purposes is guaiantecd, prior appiopriatlnn giving tbe belter right. That capital may not be shut out of the Stale and its progress retarded, an invita tion h as been extended, guaranteeing to all Individuals or corporation, the right tx construct resei volrs and impound and appropriate the surplus and floc-d waters within the State lor rale, rental, domestic, stock or an" beneficial purpose. However, the mode and manner of acquiring and exercising all of said rights 1. tc be subject to legislative control. REVENUE AND TAXATION. Itls through the channel if revenue and taxation tbe public debts are paid, thai the necessary sums for running the government are raised, and It ! through It thai the pockets of the people re directly reached. This is one of the most Important roads In government to guard. That government which does not guard this road by proper, wise limitations aud restrictions, naturally grows careless and becomes wasteful and extravagant, and Is therefore not a good one. Tbe government thai docs, 1 always eC' nomlcaland Just In nil of the aflalr. of State, and I. never found with a depleted treasury, or imposing heavy burdens upon Its people. A Constitution for just such a government s this we have tousht to prepare and submit to you; and If we In the deepest musure of our honest endeavor, and thoughts, are not deceived, we have succeeded In doing It. To begin with, tbe State aud county governments are prohibited from going into debt for greater sums thai, their cjrrent tax will pay, which virtually puts them on a cash basis, and shuts down tbe flood gates of tbe Issuance of bonds, warrants and other evidences of In debtedness, which have heretofore under our present regime so strtlned our Terri torial and county credit. Tbe public credit, the one thing which has heretofore ' settled upou otherStates, and tnrust mauy of them into financial ruin, and some Into repudiation, cannot bo loaned at legislative will. Foi tbe current expenses of Stato and county governments, a limitation of taxa tlon la fixed nottoexeced 3 mills for State and 2 percent, ton ounty purposes, whlcl wllh tbe present Indebtedness out of the way, would place us far below what w now pay. The oresent outstanding indebtedness has not been overlooked. This we mus pay some time, and in some way, under whatever form of government we may be If so, it must be done by an easy, gradual means, or by a heavy strain to be met anc endured some time In the future. That it must be met by the one or the other 1 Inevitable. This being sol would be contrary to uommn sense not to be able ti see tbe wisest and easiest plsn. In order, therefore, to meet the principal of oui outstanding debts as they fall due, we have declar d that a sinking fund shall tx created, and for this purpose a State tax of only 1 mill sballbe levied annually till tb same shal) be extinguished, and mill for codnty purposes. To be sure this Is light levy, and will not Injuriously effect any one; but close calculation show, it ti be sufficient to meet the outstandings when they become oue. Thus it is that wi havo sought to tase time by the forelock and require a gradual aud easy tax to lx continuously flowing Into the sinking fund small enough so that no one will be strained by paying It, and yet large enough to foot the bill when presented. This Is not Its only advantage. It is destined to give lasting and unexcelled credit t out young State, and to Its counties; because it will be a declaration to the world by s brave, hardy and debt-paying people, so made that legislative hands cannot cbangi It. that whomsoever we owe we Intend to pay, and have provided means in a con stitutional way for so doing. Fellow citizens, the Constitution we submit to you, challenges yourinvestlgatloL Take U and turn it as ou will, aud you must necessarily find that, if the last llmi' of taxation allowed by it for State and county purposes, for paying interest on thi public debt, and for the sinking fund, be levied, t-ken altogether, upon our present, valuation, saying nothlngof increase (which must follow stasehood rapidly), wll not cost the taxpayer quite one and one-half dollars on the $1000 worth of taxable property he owns. Now this Is true, and when we consider the difference of statehooc under such a Constitution, and Territorial government as w e know it to be, ana thai under such a constitutional government, the people are supreme and choose all c ibelrpublic servants without exception, and when we further consider, that under euch a government, we shall have equal rei refutation in the council, of the nation sith other 8tnte; there certainly cannot be a single independent American citizen n all the land who thus considers, and makes himself conversant with the two sya ms of government, the Independence of the one and the dependence of the other, who will for a moment hesitate to cast his vote for the Constitution and statehood. But this is not all. If we adopt tbisCoustitutlon, and thereby obtain admission, we Bring Into tbe lap ol the State millions of wealth, which we cannot possibly obtain while we are a Territory. The enabling acts admitting Washington, Wyoming, Idaho and the two Dakntas, plainly demonstrate this. We call your attention to a few of the advantages In promise for our new State: First Tbe 10th and SCth sections of all the lands of tbe Territory, which are now aeld In trust for us by the general government, will ripen into title and go into ttate control. This land amounts to about 4,027.30 acres. By tho conduct of the general government toward all other new States admitted, die promises us as a State on our admission the following: ,.C,4. Lands for public buildings, 50 sections 32,000 Land Cor titt University 46,000 Land, for rtate Asylum, prison and other building. 50,000 Lands for Agricultural College . 90,000 Lands for School of Mines 40.000 Lands for Deaf and Dumb asylum 40,000 Lands for State Normal school $0,000 Lands for such general purposes as the Legislature shall declare m.000 This will aggregate about 4,595,350 acres of land which we acquire by admission, ind none of which can we get before. Not only this, but the general government will direct the United States Land Office Receivers all over the State to pay into the Jtate treasury for Hate purposes 5 per cent, of the proceeds of all sales of the public ands sold In the State. Such has been tbe liberal policy of our general government rtnee Colorado's adml'slon and such Is In promise for us. Shall we accept Itf Our constitution Is liberal In all of its provisions, and challenges the admiration end support of the wholu peoplo, whether they be Democrat or Republican, no mat ter whether they I biased by party feellngornot We therefore urge and admonish you most earnestly, each and ever one of you, in .he name of American free government and State sovereignty to peacefully but res olutely go to tbe polls on the 1st of December next and give us for our new State till, organlo law, for in it we have every promise of a future of peace and of pros oertts. Signed W. A. ROWE, Chairman. J. F. WILSON, ' M. H. WILLIAMS, II. N. ALEXANDER, W. H. BARNE8, FRANK HEREFORD, GEORGE W. CUEYNEY, Committee. do tbe tame thing during legislative Interna.: COUNTY GOVERNMENT. ' A well guarded system of county government 1. provided for. The LegHatura is prohibited from changing county line, and forming new counties unles. the tame can be done upon a bails of property, area and population, that will in.ure ca.y maintenance of inch new county government without strain, and at the tamo time without crippling the county or countle. from whloh it may be formed. The conniy officer, and office, are provided for in a kindred way to the tv.tem the people are acquainted with, but that the running machinery of county government may be rendered less expensive the offices have been so blended as to require the official work necessary to the exercise of county government to be done with the fewest offlcMhandsprac'ttcaltoltsexecution. TJiose officers are all made elective everv two year., and are thereby made' directly raiponslbls) 6 tbe people whom they serr, "" " swcnoN Am irrrBAos. 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