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.SELECTED. The annexed article, from the "Temperance Union," is but a just tribute to the memory of one of our best citizens, and one of the most efficient and consistent friends of the Tempe rance cause. Doctor Sew all was long a resident of our city, and was held in the highest esteem by a large circle of friends. His medical brethren have already spoken in regard to his skill, and the loss which the whole profession has sus tained by his death. He was, indeed, the early and efficient friend of the Temperance cause, and came forward nobly to its support, when, what has become a mighty army, was only a little band. Other cities and countries have been blest by his efforts, in connexion with this great movement; but, in this city especi ally, we have been permitted to share most, largely in his benevolent exertions. How 1 many have been saved, by his influence, from the evils of intemperance ? How many homes have here been made to rejoice ? How mauy bleeding hearts have been healed and com forted, by his noble and generous efforts ? Few men have ever enjoyed, to a greater extent, the public con?J?n?? then the subject of this brief notice. His crowning excellence consisted in his ardent, but unos tentatious piety. The church of which he was a member, and a liberal supporter for many years, mourns his removal. The religion of the Bible, which gave lustre to his life, im parted strong support in the dying hour. Pre pared for that solemn event, he met it with composure, and triumph, and has passed away, from the fields of usefulness and honor, on earth, to the land of immortal blessedness and glory. Although the death of Dr. Sewall oc curred before the first number of our paper was issued, we could not deny ourselves the melancholy pleasure, of presenting to our read ers, the just tribute which follows. They will more than justify us, in the record which we ( now make of departed worth.?Ed. DOCTOR THOMAS SEWALL. The friends of Temperance and humanity, throughout the country, have, before this, re ceived With feelings of deep regret, the sad intel'tigpnce that this long-tried, steadfast, and ardent friend of the cause is no more. He breathed his last in Washington, on the 10th j ult., having sunk from a violent attack of] pneumonia, into a rapid consumption, at the age of 59. At how early a period he took an interest in the temperance reformation, we know not, but he delivered and published his very able address before the_ Washington city Temperance Society, Nov. 15,1830. This has ever been one of the standard works on temperance?most ably discussing the effects of ardent spirits, then the supposed cause of most of the prevalent intemperance, on the moral, and intellectual, and physical constitu tion of man. No one can read it without a deep impression, not merely of the learning, sagacity, and penetration of the writer, but of his deep concern that the scourge of humanity should he rpmnveH frrtm an?<*ng men. As medical adviser to many members of Con gress, not a few of whom were brought to most melancholy deaths by intempetance, Dr. Sew all was much impressed with the vast impor tance of the temperance enterprise to the higher classes. He was very bold and fear less in telling many of his patients that intern, perance was their bane, and that nothing but total abstinence from all that intoxicates would prevent their speedy and total ruin; and it is known that his influence as a physician has been, in many cases, very happy among the men of influence and. power congregated at Washington. In his post-mortem examina tions, Dr. Sewall searched closely for the in fluence of ardent spirits upon the vital powers. In the address above referred to, he describes the appearance of several stomachs which had been the long continued receptacles of alcohol. And he says, " I have never dissected the sto mach of a drunkard, in which the organ did not manifest some remarkable deviation from its healthy condition." To satisfy himself and others of the poisonous and ruinous nature of alcohol, he accustomed himself to take draw ings of the stomachs of men who had been habituated to different degrees of its use? from moderate drinking to the vilest debauch. And when Mr. Delavan (led to it by a remark of a physician of New York, that if he could show to the world the stomach of a drunkard, it would be the best temperance lecture ever given) thought of getting a series of such drawings, he found that Dr. Sewall actually had them. By a happy co-eperation, they were soon presented to the world, with the doctor's admirable lecture. He himself pub licly exhibited his plates, and lectured from them in the halls of Congress, and in several of our cities; and they have spoken to thou sands on thousands through this, and other lands, convincing all who have a heart to yield to evidence, that it is folly and madness for men to trifle with so deadly a foe, for all drun kenness commences with moderate drinkin?; and moderate, as well as immoderate drink ing, disorganizes and prepares the way for re mediless ruin. We had tne pleasure of seeing him but a few weeks since, at a temperance party at his own house. He took a deep in terest in the temperance meetings then held in Washington, ana, though pressed with busi ness, was present at nearly all. His mind and heart were then burdened with the care of Mr. Bates. He wanted to save him, but feared he could not. Alas! how soon was he called to follow. Dr. Sewall was a man of deep and humble piety, of the Methodist persuasion. For years he has had in his house the Congressional Saturday evening prayer meeting. W hen such a man dies it is a national calamity. For the cause of temperance, a strong rod is broken at the seat of political power. But though dead, he speaks to us. He warns us not to be idle, but go on conquering to conquer. We quote a passage from his writings, and would trea sure it up in our hearts, and let it follow us to our grave. Said he? "Intemperance has swept over our land, with the rapidity and power of a tempest, tear ing down every thing in its course. Not con tent with rioting in the haunts of ignorance and vice, it has passed through our consecrated groves?has entered our most sacred inclosures. And oh! how many men of geuius, and of let ters, have fallen before it! How many lofty intellects have been shattered and laid in ruins by iu !????'? How J???y ?"Tbv'"iwy lnnthroDic haart has been chillea by iu icy XhTPh .ulked within the w.l ? of out Capitol, and there left the .???<*? ? ins touch on our national glory* 11 "as ?*v , over ihe pal. of the cburcS, and eten reached up its sacriligious arms to the pulpit, and d g ged down some of its brighteat o??me.*s.It Ls revelled equally ?" ,btJ '"U SSSSSStgs Sum5S S^SSR* &? S?.SKa5R?h?; increasing poverty and ta*I| and* relisnous in the foundations of our moral sti tulions, or as introducing k ca,lg to and ruin, into fam,',e?anr t0 awake from our us, in a voice of ^nder, '0 a and wkld slumbers, to seize^ eve y P f has and our fellow-citizens, from its rava0es. OUR COUNTRY. bar.Anon? hrto^:d ^rUed ^"dT?how^ e daunt. less form. Look back?how bright the scene, bo" glorious the actors! Trace them from Boston Harbor, to the plains of ^rkt')"Jjt? II,e swamps of Carolina, to thefield of New Orleans, and to the waters of Lake Erie-W h cause so holy-what victory no ?>)blin?-wha inheritance so eacred as our own! I^k at " now. Prosperity smiles, and Plenty laughs aloud; the grain waves golden in the riPen'"S sun, the fruits hang mellow on lJe branches; Trade presses onward healthful and secure, Commerce rides triumphant, whitening every sea, Peace reigns, Education flourishes, Science advances, Religion exalts, and^Happu ness abounds. Freedom invites an asylumt the oppressed of other less favored lands. Our Eagle hovers over them, and our flag protects ? hem. We offer to all the boon of honest labor, and industry never fails of its reward. Poverty need be buUnown in name, and a native pauper would be a natural curiosity! Are we not the great? great in true greatness? [??ne.8tJ? PJ"* pose, free in action, sincere in patriotism . Le | us cherish these with watchful vigilance, for j we have our part to play, our duties to accom plish. Let us nurse and cherish them till country shall become ? The pride and pattern of the earth; Till younger Commonwealths lor ma Shall cling around her ample robe; _ And from her frown shall shrink afraid The crowned oppressors of the globe. But in our freedom and our greatness, let us never forget what the one has cost, and the price of the other; that to preserve them pure, we must practice moderation and.eternal v g - lance. The way is clear, the path is p^ain, the issue certain. If we but follow the dictates of experience, the precepts of exalted worth , we can but forget party for principle, cherish virtue, reward only the deserving, trusting always in Him who rules the destiny of Nations, and whose bounty has been so llberall? U8' there is no fear for the result, and we sha 1 go on, prospering and to prosper?be President who may, and be our name "Alleghania, or anything else* THE DEATH OF A CHILD. And no one feels the death of a child as a mother feels it. Even the father cannot realize it thus. There is a vacancy in his home and a heaviness in his heart. There is a chain of association that at set times comes round with Ub broken link ; there are memories of endear , ment, a keen sense of loss, a peeping over crushed hopes, and a pain of wounded affection. But the mother feels that one has been Jaken awav who was still closer to her heart. Her s has been the office of constant ministration. Every gradation of feature has developed before her eves. She has detected every new gleam of intelligence. She heard the first utterance of every new word. She has been the ref"g? of his fears; the supply of his wants. And every task of affection has woven a new link, and made dear to her its object. And when he | dies a portion of her own life, as it were, dies. How can she give him up, with all these mem 1 ories, these associations! The timid hands I that have so often taken hers in trust and love, how can she fold them on his breast, and give them up to the cold clasp of death ? The feet whose wanderings she had watched so narrow ly, how can she see them straitened to go down into the dark valley? The head that she has pressed to her lips and her bosom, that she has watched in burning sickness and in peaceful slumber, a hair of which she could not endure to see harmed?O! how can she consign it to the chamber of the grave "J The form that not I for one night has been beyond her vision or i knowledge, how can she put it away for the I long night of the sepulchre, to see it here no more 1 Man has cares and toil? that draw I away his thoughts and employ them; she sits in loneliness, and all those memories, all those suggestions, crowd upon her. How can she bear all this 1 She could not, were it not that her faith is as her affection, and if the one is more deep and tender than in man, the other is more simple and spontaneous, and takes confi dently hold of the hand of God.?Rev. E. H. Chapin. Newspapers.?A newspaper taken in a fa mily seems to shed a ^leam of intelligence around. It gives the children a taste for read ing; it communicates all the important events in the busy world; it is a never failing source of amusement, and furnishes a fund of instruc tion which will never be exhausted. Every family, however poor, if they wish to hold a place in the rank of intelligent beings, should take at least one newspaper. And the man who is possessed of property sufficient to make himself easy for life, surrounded by children i ea?rer for knowledge, and, instigated by the vile spirit of cupidity, neglects to subscribe to a newspaper, is deficient in the duties of a pa rent or a good citizen, and is deserving of the censure of his intelligent neighbors. Simple mode of Purifying Water.?It is not so generally known as it ought to be, that nounded alum possesses the property of puri fying water. A table-spoonful of pulverized alum sprinkled into a hogshead of water, (the water stirred at the samo time,) will, after tho lapse of a few hours, by precipitating to the bottom the impure particle*, so purify it that it will bo found to possess nearly all the fresh ness and clearness of the finest spring water. A pailful, containing four gallons, may bo pun fiea by a single t?|*?p0OP'ul. T H E ^ASHINGTONIAN. WASHINGTON. SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 1845. TERMS OF THIS PAPER. To citizenx of Washington, Georgetown, and Alex andria, the Washingtonian will be delivered every Saturday, at FIFTEEN CENTS per month, payable monthly. Single papers (sent by mail) will be TWO DOL LARS per year, payable in advance, in all case*. Any person remitting us FIVE DOLLARS will re ceive THREE papers, to any address, one year. For TEN DOjLLARS we will mail SEVEN papers one year. Under this we cannot go, as the expenses attending the conducting of a paper in this city is al most as great as in any part of the United States. All persons friendly to the cause are requested to aid us, by procuring subscribers. Postmasters are authorized, under the law, to remit the names of subscribers and money. All communications to the publishers must be free of postage. Betide endeavoring to forward the cause of Total Abstinence, we will do onr best to make the Wash ingtonian a good family poper in other respects, by a selection of solid mornl literature, the events of the day foreign news, &c.; and during the sessions of Congress we will give, in a condensed form, such of the proceedings of that body as may be useful to our readers. TO THE CITIZENS OF THE DISTRICT. It will be seen, by a reference to our terras on the first page, that; wC. have reduced the prices for advertising to nearly one-half the usual rates. We arc enabled to effect this by doiiur our own work, und thus induce and enable all persons in butiness to have acu-ess to our advertising columns. We Btart this paper with a circulation superior la any in the District, the National Intetligencer probably ex cepted, and have assurance that it will be doubled in a short time; this paper, then, is, and will be, the best means of communication for busmes persons with the public. Some object on account of the paper being issued but once a week; but here we tjunlf tbey are blind to their own interest. On reflection they will readily perceive the difference between a political ana a family paper?the first is merely glanced at, and thrown aside, while the latter is retained and read by every member in family. Unaided by the patronage of Government, and our creed excluding a portion of the advertising commu nity, we expect the support of the sober, industrious, and orderly portion of our citizens. DEATH OF GENERAL JACKSON. Our readers have already been informed, through other channels, of the death of Gen eral Jackson. This solemn event occurred on Sunday, the 8th inst., at 6 o'clock, P. M. It is not our purpose to pronounce the eulogy of this distinguished man; the task is com mitted to other hands, and well and faithfully I will they perforin the melancholy, but exalted duty. Nor have we the talents or materials for this task. In making even this brief an nouncement, wt find our heart burdened with emotions which words can but feebly portray. How the heroic deeds of the departed start up before us, in all their freshness, and with all their magnificent results! But wisdom and valor have been smitten down; and the heart of warm acd gushing sympathies is cold in death. "A prince and a mighty man" has, indeed, fallen, and a nation weeps at the grave of her valisnt soldier?her distinguished patriot.. They will do wrong, who attempt to pre sent the name of Jackson to the world as per fect and faultier* Bbt Wore grierou# will be the wrong of thole, who refuse to bury in the grave where his honored ashes repose, the last lingering feeling of resentment; and who shall hesitate, with deep sympathetic feelings, to unite in the tribute of grateful remembrance which a nation fenders ! Peace ! peace! to thee, old soldier! Thou hast fought thy list battle! thou hast conquer ed thy last foe !.' thou hast entered, with tri umph, the gat? of the celestial city! thou hast gone up t* join the band of the brave and the good, wf ose noble examples prompted thee to deeds of loble daring, and whose freed spirits have wc corned thee to the rest and purity of Heave \! Christianity furnishes the world with another illustration of its divine power! How mag nificent the spectacle presented in the closing scene of this distinguished man ! The idol of a thousand hearts places all his hopes upon Christ! the canqueror of conquerors, takes refuge in the cross of the Crucified! and, sus tained by its ha|owed influences, "full of days and full of honors," he descends to the tomb, in blessed hopeiof a glorious resurrection. The following order was issued by the President on Monday last: Official. Andrew Jackson is no more. He departed this life on Sunday, the 8th inst., full of days and full of honors. His country deplores his loss, and will ever cherish his memory. Whilst a nation mourns, it is proper business should be suspended at least for one day in the Exec utive Departments, as a tribute of respect to the illustrious dekd. I accordingly direct that the Department of State, the Treasury, the War, the Navy.lhe Post Office, the office of the Attorney General, and the Executive Man sion, be instantly jut into mourning, and that they be closed during the whole day to-morrow. JAMES K. POLK. Washington City, June 16,1845. GENERAL ORDER. Washington, June 16, J845. The President of the United States, with heartfelt sorrow, announces to the Army, the Navy, and the Marine corps, the death of Andrew Jackson. On the evening of Sunday, the eighth day of June, about six o'clock, he resigned his spirit to his Heavenly Father. The nation, while it learns with grief the death of its most illustrious citizen, finds solace in contemplating his venerable character and services. The valley of the Mississippi beheld in him the bravest, and wisest, and most for tunate of its defenders. The country raised him to the highest trusts in military and in civil life, with a confidence that never abated, and an affection that followed him in undimin ished vigor.to retirement, watched over hit latest hour, and pays iw tribute at his 8^ve Wherever his lot was cast, he appeared among those around him, first in natural endowments and resources, not less than first in authority and station. The power of his mind impressed itseli on the policy of his country, and still lives, and will live forever, in the memory of its people. Child of a forest region, and a settler of the wilderness, his was a genius which, as it came to the guidance of affairs, instinctively attaches itself to general princi ples, and, inspired by the truth which his own heart revealed to him in singleness and in simplicity, he found always a response in the breast of his countrymen. Crowned with glory in war, in his whole career as a states man, he showed himself the friend and lover of peace. With an American heart, whose throbs were all for republican freedom and his native land, he yet longed to promote the widest intercourse, and the most intimate com merce between the many nations of mankind. He was the servant of humanity, Of a vehe ment will, he was patient in council, deliber ating long, hearing all things; yet in the mo ment of action, deciding with rapidity. Of a noble nature, and incapable of disguise, his thoughts lay open to all around him, and won their confidence by his ingeneous frankness. His judgment was of that solidity, that be ever tempered vigor with prudence. The Hush ings of anger could never ctoud his faculties, but rather kindled and lighted them up, quick ening their energy without disturbing their balance. In war, his eye at a glance discerned his plans with unerring sagacity; in peace, be proposed measures with instinctive wisdom, of which the inspirations were prophecy. In discipline stern, in a just resolution inflexible, he was full of the gentlest affections, ever ready to solace the distressed, and to relieve the needy; faithful to his friends, fervid for his country. Indifferent to other rewards, he aspired throughout life to an honorable fame, and so loved his fellow-men, that he longed to dwell in their affectionate remembrance. Heaven gave him length ot days, and he filled them with deeds of greatness. He was always happy J happy in his youth, which shared the achievement of out national independence ; happy in his after life, which beheld the val ley of the west cover itself with the glory of free and ever increasing States; happy in his age, which saw the people multiplied from two to twenty millions, and freedom and union make their pathway from the Atlantic to the Pacific; thrice happy in death, for while he believed the liberties of his country imperish able, and was cheered by visions of its con stant advancement, he departed from this life in full hope of a blessed immortality, through the merits and atonement of his Redeemer. Officers of the army, the navy, and the marine corps, will wear crape on their left arm and on their swords; and the colors of the several regiments will be put in mourning, for the period of six months. At the naval stations, and on public vessels in commission^ the flags will be worn at half-mast for one week ; and on the day after this order is re ceived, twenty-one minute guns will be fired, beginning at 12 o'clock. At cach military station, the day after the reception of this order, the national flag will be displayed at half-staff from sunrise to sunset; thirteen guns will be fired at day-break; half hour guns during the day; and at the close of the day a general salute. The troops will be paraded at 10 o'clock, and this order read to them, on which the labors of the day will cease. Let the virtues of the illustrious dead retain their influence, and when energy and courage are called to trial, emulate his example. GEORGE BANCROFT, Acting Secretary of War, and Secretary of the Navy. We copy from the Baltimore Sun, of Tues day last, the following, which cannot fail to be interesting to our readers: The Nashville Union, of the 10th instant, announces the deceflse of the venerable patriot and hero in the following language : " General Andrew Jackson died at the Her mitage at 5 o'clock, P. M., on Sunday, the 8th instant. His funeral takes place.to-day at 11 o'clock. He breathed his last quietly, calmly, and with entire resignation, amidst the beloved members of his family, and a few intimate friends who were present. Death had no ter rors for him?he met him with composure, and with a full confidence that he was pre pared for a better world. Death could not have taken him by surprise at any moment for more than a year?he has been ready at all times to obey the dread summons. When the messenger finally came, the old soldier, patriot, and Christian, was looking out for his app???!j: He is gone, but his memory lives, and win continue to live." _, The Nashville Banner, in announcing hi3 death, says: " He had been in feeble health, as eur read ers are aware, for a long time, and his disease, which was accompanied by repeated hem?J.r* hages of the lungs, terminated >ndrppsv. We understand that he preserved his intellect to the last and that, in his dying moments, he requested that he should be buried in an un ostentatious manner, and,without any mihtary narade. His funeral will take place at the Flermitage to-morrow (10th instant) at o'clock, A. M. Hermitage, June 8,1845?12 o'clock, M. My nFAR Sir: In deep sorrow I address you this hasty note. At six o'clock this even in?? Gen. Jackson departed this life. He re tained his faculties to the last hour. I lament that I was denied the satisfaction of seeing him in his last moments. I was "'iTmmediawlypt^'ired a conveyance, and came oat with my family, having understood that the General s health was exceedingly precarious, and being nn*ious to administer, tf I could, some comfort, in the oloaiag scena of his eventful life. On my way, a few miles from the city, I met the family physician, who informed me that the General was no more. About three hours before his departure, he conversed for some time with his lamily, and took an affectionate leave of them, as also of his domestics. His physician represents the scene as the most affecting and remarkably touching; that he departed with perfect seren ity of mind, and with a lull faith in the prom ises of salvation through a Redeemer. I have seen the corpse since roy arrival. The visage is much as it was in life. The funeral will take place on Tuesday next, at 11 o'clock, A. M. A nation will feel this loss, as a nation has received the fruits of his toils during the best years of his life. Very truly, your friend, SAM. HOUSTON. Jas. K. Polk. SIGNS OF THE TIMES. W. Lenox, Esq., as trustee, anuounces the sale of the furniture, bar, &c., of the tavern on Pennsylvania avenue, known as Conghess Hai.l, kept by Jewett & King, at public auc tion, on Friday next. Thus they go; this, we believe, makes eight closed since spring by public opinion?or, what is equivalent there to, the want of patronage. Our march is on ward ! LAWYEBS IN THE WEST. Judge Williams, during his recent lecturing on temperance in this city, stated the following fact: that, in his judicial district, in Iowa, there are Jifly-two lawyers, all of whom are pledged to total abstinence. It would be grat ifying to learn from Chief Justice Cranch, of our circuit, (who, by the way, is a distinguish ed and worthy advocate of temperance,) a similar announcement in relation to the pro gress of the good cause among the legal gen tlemen of the District. We know of but one temperance advocate in the city?Jas. Hoban, Esq.; he has taken a noble stand, beside Judge Williams, and others, in endeavoring to save his fellow man from degradation and misery. The Excursion for next Tuesday promises to be well attended. The ladies are particu larly anxious that the weather may prove fair, as they expect to have a merry time with the "Sons" on that day. The city is alive with the excursion. The best of music will be in at tendance, and the confections and edibles, un der the management of Messrs. Miller & Co lumbus, will be of the choicest. The Temperance folks throughout the U. States intend celebrating the anniversary of our National independence in an appropriate manner. Our exchange papers are filled with notices, calling on the Cold Water army to muster in its strength on that day. In this city we expect to have an agreeable, though by no means a vast, assemblage, of our army, to participate in the enjoyments now in pro gress for that day; for there are now getting up various amusements, which, we think, will call many hundreds from our ranks. i II1 ? AD VBRTIS1!BlCZIBrTS. " Here silver pence are turn'd to golden pounds." THIS DAY! 00=. #30,000! ??0 CLASS 25, FOR 1845. To be drawn in Alexandria, D. C., on Saturday, June 21at, 1845. GREAT SCHEME!* $30,000 ! ! ! $10,000 ! ! $4,367 ! 2 prizes of $2,500 I 5 prize3 of $2,000 10 do of 1,500 50 do of 1,000 50 do of COO | 50 do of 500 &c. &c. &c. 78 numbers?12 drawn ballots. Tickets $10?Halves $5?Quarters $2 50. Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $140 Do do 26 half do 70 Do do 26 quarter do 35 Call at A- W. KIRKWOOD'S, One door east of Browns Hotel. CABINET MAKING AND UNDERTAKING. On F, between 13th and 14th streets, north side. THE SUBSCRIBER., thankful for past favors he has received, hopes for a continuance of the same; he is always prepared to execute any work in the above line. He has on hand a good assortment of FURNITURE, which he will sell on the most reasonable terms. Old Furniture repaired and Varnished. %? The subscriber i3 always prepared to execute all orders in the Undertaking line. Funerals will be attended to at the shortest notice, and most reasonable terms. All orders from the country promptly attended to. Hearses and Hacks always on hand. JAMES E W. THOMPSON. June 21 tf 3 BOOT SHOE MAKING. JOHN E. BA1LY respectfully informs his friends and the public generally, that he is prepared to execute, at the shortest notice, and in the neat est manner, all orders id his line. He will manu facture LADIES\ MISSES', and CHILDREN'S shoes, of every variety, out of the best materials, and on the most reasonable terms, and will en deavor to give general satisfaction to all who may give him a call. He will also keep on hand an assortment of ready-made work, which he will warrant to be equal, in workmanship and materials, to any sold in Washington. Persons desiring good and substantial work, are invited to give him a call, at the corner of Tenth and E streets. June 21 3m 3 HOUSE AND SIGN ORNAMENTAL PAINTING, GLAZING, $c, J . H . HILTON INFORMS the public that he carries on the above business, in all its various branches. O" Orders left at Mr. Rodikr's, Bridge street, Georgetown, near the bridge, or at Mr. J. E. W. Thompson's, F between 13th and 14th streets, Washington, will be duly attended to. J. H. H.'s prices will be reasonable, and work executed promptly, with the best of materials and workmanship. June 21 3m 3 BOOK AND JOB PRINTING, PROMPTLY EXECUTED AT THE OFFICE OF THE WASHXWOTOVIAM, SIXTH ST., SOUTH OF PEJW. AVENUE.