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The Washingtonian. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1845-1845, July 05, 1845, Image 2

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The following interesting facta lire extract
ed from the ninth annual report of the Ameri
can Temperance Union, recently published.
" An interesting letter from the American
consul at a port in the Mediterranean, (C. Ed
ward Lester,) to a friend in New_ York, gives
a grati ying account of the condition, conduct,
and reception, of the American squadron at
that place last summer. He says:
? Commodore Smith you may possibly know;
he is irom Boston, and is a New Englander.
Every ship in his squadron is in perfect order,
and as neat as a Shaker kitchen. Every offi
cer and every man knows his place. Count
Admiral de Very told me, after examining the
vessels, that he had never seen a squadron in
such perfect order, nor such beautiful vessels.
Our naval vessels always excite universal ad
miration, but this squadron is what the Ital
ians call vermente un incantn, and the Colum
bia is, without doubt, one of the most beauti
ful frigates in the world. You may judge of
the perfect discipline of the fleet when I tell
you, that 1200 men came on shore, and not
one broke his liberty, and only one got drunk.
But the Temperance reformation must take its
share of credit for this, for the flag-ship is a
teetdtal ship, and very little liquor is drank in
the other vessels
? This impression created in the Mediterra
nean by Com. Smith's squadron, will be infi
nitely more to our credit than any other that
has recently entered it; for generally, the Ital
ians at least, supposed our seamen were a
fighting and drinking set of fellows. The
squadron remained twelve days, and it was a
season of festivity.'" # * *
44 From a return recently moved for in Par
liament, by Mr. Hume, it seems that not only
has drunkenness greatly diminished in the
metropolis, but that the improvement bears
decided marks cf the operations of temperance
societies. The returns for drunkenness there
in 1831, were 31,353; in 1835,21,269; in 1840,
16,505; in 1843, 12,338.
44 These are statistics which show that the
temperance cause has gained firm footing in
that mighty nation, and is destined, ere long,
to gain signal triumphs, where the gospel has
been so much loved and honored. Not a few
influential minds are being enlisted in the
cause; men who can put a block to the wheels
of the bloody car, which thousands of bleeding
hearts, and tens of thousands of ruined souls,
could not do. Such is Joseph Sturge. who,
from conscientious scruples has declined, with
his firm, the sale of malt, or the supply of any
grain to distilleries, and to let no longer their
cellars to be used by wine and spirit mer
chants. Says this noble man, and, O! that the
voice was echoed by thousands of England's
princely merchants:
4 Intemperance produces such an incalcula
ble amount of vice and misery, that I consider
it right to use my influence to promote the
principles of total abstinence. This I feel
more bound to do, as nearly twenty years
personal experience, and much observation,
in this and other parts of the world, has con
vinced me that fermented liquors are not ne
cessary to health: and that those who refrain
even from what is called the moderate use of
them, are in consequence capable of more
bodily and mental exertion, and exempt from
maladies which so often greatly afflict others.
4 In accordance with these views our firm
has long altogether declined the sale of malt,
or the supply of any grain to distilleries, and
converted to other uses cellars which many
years ago we let to wine and spirit merchants,
bur continuing to take commissions for the
sale and purchase of Barley for the purpose of
Malting, has for some years caused me much
uneasiness; and I have recently been so fully
convinced that it is wrong to do so, that I
must have withdrawn from our concern had
it not been relinquished. The belief that we
are responsible for the means of acquiring, as
well as for the use we make of our property,
and that we cannot exercise too rigid watch
fulness over our conduct, is compatible with
perfect charity towards those who differ with
* . ? ? jti * 4f *
us in opinion.
Said the Rev. Francis Way land, President
of Brown University, Providence:
44 It may be said that the grocer's property
is his own, and he has a right to use it in any
manner We pleases. 1. Now this is manifestly
false. A grocer has precisely the same right
as any other man, and he has nothing more.
He has no right to employ his property in the
slave-trade, nor in the purchase and sale of
counterfeit money, nor in the manufacture of
false keys. All this every one sees. It is not
true of him, or any one else, that he has a
right to use his property as he pleases. 2. His
right in his property is the same as that ot
any other man: it is the right of using it for
the promotion of his own happiness in any
manner he chooses, provided he do not so use
it as to diminish the innocent happiness of his
neighbors and of the community. Now, as
the traffic in ardent spirits does diminish that
happiness, he has no right to use it in this
manner. .
"I think the prohib tion of the traffic in ar
dent spirits, a fit subject for legislative enact
ment, and I believe that the most happy results
would flow from such prohibition."
Said the Hon. Mark Doolittle, of Massa
chusetts :
" The position taken in the Report is, that
laws authorizing the traffic in ardent spirits,
as a drink, are morally wrong. In whatever
aspect this subject is viewed?by whatever
course of reasoning we are guided in our in
quiries?we are brought to the same conclu
sion. The seal of everlasting reprobation and
abhorrence upon this traffic is, that it has no
redeeming qualifications?it never has done
any good, and from the nature of the case it
never can."
Said the Hon. Joseph Henry Lumpkin, of
Georgia: ?
44 My deliberate opinion is, that the princi
ples contained in the Report are correct, and
the arguments by which they are supported,
sound. I entertain no doubt but that the
laws which authorize the traffic in ardent
spirits as a drink, by licensing men to pursue
it, are morally wrong.
44 A physician or surgeon wilfully endeavor
ing to spread the smalf-pox, a butcher selling
the fiesh of disordered animals, or a baker
unwholesome bread, are severally liable to be
indicted and punished. These salutary e"act
ments rau?C be blotted from the statute book,
or an additional clause must be adopted, to
include the vende?'.?f distilled damnation, who
fills his neighborhood v'!.k lamentation, mourn
ing, and woe, by supplyiu1*. cvery w.j
that which but seldom enrich^*1 **
them poor, and miserable, and >wic,iea'
44 Commingling streams from pure tee-total Springs."
For the Wsshingtonian.
Born as we are in a land of liberty, and
among an energetic and enterprising people?
a land upon which the approbation and smiles
of Heaven are continually beaming, and where
the spirit of emulation among the young is
looked upon as laudable and praiseworthy by
the sober, the virtuous, and the good; why,
we ask the interesting question, why do we
behold so many young men of bright promise,,
talent, and genius, who are led from one vice
to another? and from one grade of dissipation
to another, until when arrived to the "full
statue of manhood," they find themselves
bound in absolute servitude to one of the most
oppressive, tyrannical powers that has exist
ence in the world ?
Is it the case generally with the young man
whose morning sky has been beclouded by
some misfortune or other which may have
befallen him, and whose earthly prospects
may have been in a measure blasted by
some contingent or adverse change in his
circumstances? Do we find sach young men
the slaves of a base and depraved appetite ?
Rarely, indeed; for oftener than otherwise we
find those young men who are in the posses
sion of wealth, sacrificing the same, yea, more,
the r honor loo, upon the altar of intemperance.
Were it possible, I would make an appeal
through this medium to the young men of our
country. Is there no rescue for such ? Is
there no cure for this loathsome and threat
ening disease?this besom of destruction?this
desolating calamity which is spreading itself
through the length and breadth of our country,
laying waste and blighting the warmest antic
ipations of the young? Surely there is; and
the hitherto successful influence and triumph
of the temperance reformation, more than jus
tifies us in the belief, that in its onward march
it is destined not only to ameliorate the condi
tion of those who are addicted to the practice
?f intoxication, but to afford a safeguard against
all temptations to intemperance. ?
Need we ask, what has intemperance
wrought?this vice of all others the most
destructive in its tendency ? Has it not open
ed before our eyes the mdst heart-rending
scenes of wretchedness ? Has it not " poison
ed the pure fountain of domestic joy ?" Has
it not made the most daring and fearful in
roads upon public peace as well as private
security? Nay, it has gone further; it has
sapped the very foundation, both of public and
private happiness, and humanity at large is
made to mourn sadly over the universality and
appalling magnitude of this evil, and calls
aloud for its extermination; while religion
and philanthropy, glancing at the ruin, crime,
misery, and death which it has caused, raise
together their warning voice against this with
ering curse upon our land and nation. Our
great object, then, is to plant again the tree
of sobriety which has been uprooted by habits
of intoxication. Who can look upon the fall
en, forsaken drunkard, without shedding the
tear of pity 1 His health lost?his constitution
racked?his entire system in a state of moral
dilapidation and derangement.
But, as when standing amidst the ruins of
some ancient temple, beholding its dilapidated
pillars and crumbling columns, you may trace
back in your imagination, and think upon its
former grandeur and magnificence, Su you may
look upon the drunkard in his present state of
misery and decay, and then reflect upon what
he once was, and what might still be the
beauty, power, and glory of his moral and in
tellectual constitution, had,it not have been
for intemperance. But man has fallen into
habits of inebriety. He who was once Lord
of this lower world?made to hold com
munion with his God?made to stand erect
and look upon his " own hereditary skies
has bowed the knee of adoration to this idol
of depraved appetite, and worships continually
at its shrine, until finally overcome, he is ready
to fall into the drunkard's grave, covered o'er
with self-abasemenl, " a blasted thing^the
living sepulchre of a thousand hopes /"
The most that we desire is to caution the
young, by all that is near and dear to them?
by the regard they entertain for those to whom
?they are bound by relationship?by the force
of example, and by the destiny that awaits
them, to refrain from the enticements to dissi
pation. Your present position in society?your
future usefulness in time?the deathless im
mortality of your mind?the eternal perpe
tui y of its faculties?their susceptibility o
expansion and improvement?all call up in
you to resist this temptation. It will subvert
your reason; it will dethrone your judgment;
it will debase your morals; it will blunt the
tender sensibility of your heart; it will dis
honor your character; it will cause the utter
extirpation of all hope, and the complete anni
hilation of all regard for the future. Its evils
are incommunicable by language, and incon
ceivable by the imagination.
But it is with the most gratifying pleasure
and confidence that we fondly anticipate the
dawning of that day when, by continual exer
tion and perseverence on the part of the vota
ries and advocates of temperance, we shall
hail with joy the emancipation of our country
from this national as well as individual sin.
In the beginning of the temperance reforma
tion, it is true, the prospects of its triumph
and success were gloomy and cheerless; but
at present they are truly flattering. All that
is necessary, is unity of effort among the old,
togtther with the warm zeal aod hearty co
operation of the young.
I May we never (alter, until wc shall sec
man restored to himself?until over the broad
spread ruins of intemperance we shall see
marks of change, and that change wrought
by the final accomplishment of this great
moral work. S. N.
Reported for the Wnshingtoman
ADDRESS on temperance.
Delivered before the Freemenw' Vigilant Total Absti
nence Society of Washington, Juno 10, 18-15.
The cause of Temperance is a high and a
holy cau?e. If we could behold the long array
of genius and of talent that have been rescued
from degradation, and restored to their families
and their country by its soul-renovating influ
ence, none would doubt the truth of the re
mark, or hesiiate an instant to contribute all
his influence for the promotion of so glorious a
cause The King upon his throne?the pea
sant in his hut?have been the victims of the
poison which sparkles, but to fascinate and de
stroy. The most gifted intellects have falles
before its withering influence, and it has been
the cause, directly or indirectly, of more than
one of the miseries that have afflicted the peo
ple of this country. The rich drink to while
away time, the poor to be sociable and drown
sorrow ; and yet, if the first would remember,
that time is given not to be squandered, and
the second, that sorrow can be overcome by
virtuous thought and calm resolution, an in
road would be made upon the destroyer, and
he would be banished from our firesides, and
no longer be recognised as our household god
If the poor would only see, that if they would
drink from the fountains?cold water and
knowledge?they would rise, instead of sink,
in the scale of society; that tftey would hasten
on the dawn of that day, when virtue and
merit, and not rank and wealth, would be pass
ports to happiness and power?methinks fhey
would realize their wretched folly, in binding
themselves in bondage to a vice, which has
never given one hour of real happiness to
their existence.
Blessed, as we are, with a country not ex
celled by any upon the face of the globe, in
the fertility of its soil and the freedom of its
institutions, why should we sacrifice the boon
of liberty, and become degraded, when so high
a standard of excellence is placed in our view
by the light of Heaven, and we have the abil
ity to reach it, if we resolve to be free from
every thing which enslaves the mind of map
Who can describe the beauties of our forma
tion, or analyze the perfection of the mind of
man? To destroy that which our Creator has
made clear and beautiful, to gratify a momen
tary taste, or to secure one hour of artificial
happiness, is doing great wrong to ourselves,
as well as to Him who made us for better pur
poses. What would you think of the wisdom
of an individual who would deliberately de
stroy a machine; exquisitely made, and bear
ing the impress of great mechanical ingenuity,
which had cost the labor of years to complete?
Would you not think him a fool thus to de-!
stroy the labor of years? What, then, do you
think of him who ruins intellect?thought?
the handiwork of God, the perfection of reason?
1 here is a way to avoid this danger; touch
not, taste not, handle not. Good never came
from the fumes of the distillery?neither has
virtue ever been the handmaid of Intempe
rance. Go to our populous cities, and as the
shades of evening steal over the horizon, and
the hum of business has nearly ceased, wander
to the suburbs where blaek volumes of smoke
fill the air, and the clanking of machinery
gives notice that here business has not stop
ped. Go, when hushed in slumber the labor
ing man sleeps, when the breath of sleeping
innocence can scarce be heard, and when upon
the pillow, the sorrowing heart sobs itself to
rest, and see and hear the fires of the distil
lery and the folly of man.
The rye and corn intended, by the wisdom
and love of God, for the benefit of man, is here,
by his perverted talent and ingenuity, con'
verted into a deadly poison?an agent of crime,
a foe to happiness Here, amid innocence,'
crime is preparing for its victim, and avarice
has steeled the heart of man against his fel
low man. Here, amid clouds of smoke, the
almost ceaseless motion of the steam engine,
volumes of noxious steam, and the flitung of
forms before the glare and light of the furna
ces, behold the beauties of the distillery. Oh!
is it not a sight to sicken the patriot?to al
most paralyze the efforts of the philanthropist?
And yet those who thus, by wholesale manu
facture, as well as those who sell and retail
the liquid fire, defend themselves with the
plea that they do not compel any to drink?
they do not force it upon them?it is their own
wish. Are they not the ministers to evil pas
sions? Do they not rob the laboring man of
his wages? Do they not fail to give him value
received for his money? And even if they
?count their trash as worth a price, because it
cost them time and money, do they not, with
their drugs and adulteration, depreciate the
little value their commodity may possess?
But why should I speak of the price, when
the effects are so tremendous. Look at her
who stood at the altar a blushing bride, in all
the beauty of innocence, and the loveliness of
maidenly purity, as she pledged her faith, to
love forever, the object of her affections; look
at her in the midst of happy friends, joyous
with the consciousness of happiness, without
one furrowing mark of care upon her brow,
one shadow to dim the glance of her laughing
eye. Again behold her when the fiend of In
temperance has crossed the threshhold of her
once happy home, and view the change. Pale
and emaciaied she watches the dying embers
of the fire, and listens for the tread of him
whose return once was regular; he conoes at
last but how? cursing the God thatmide him,
and her whose plighted love would not, could
fppl'inl W^at ^as destroyed the finer
feelings which once dwelt in his bosom? What
has changed his nature, and turned his para
dise into a hell? Ut him who for a few dia
lings profit thus destroys the charm of inno
cence, and debases the image of his Creator
answer the question. %
I assume the ground, then, that the sale ot
intoxicating liquors is the cause, in a rreat
measure, of crime, and the increase of taxa
on; that it is opposed to the education of the
people ; that it destroys the efficacy of the
golden rule. 3
From the different reports made bv the
keepers of the Slate prisons in different State*
[it has been ascertained that more than two
thirds of the convicts attribute the commission
of the crimes for which they have been sen
tenced, to the use of intoxicating liquors. Of
the 1,500 convicts confined in Mount Pleasant
prison, Westchester county, New Yoik and
Auburn, Cayuga county, more than 1,000 at
tribute their wretched state to the use of in
toxicating liquors There are some, doubt,
less, within the walls of those prisons, with
talents and hopes once as bright as any who
are now before me. who commenced with a
single glass of Madeira wine, and finished their
course with brandy and rum. Of the murders
that have been committed, full hal 'have been
under the influence of intoxicating liquors, or
from quick tempers irritated by occasional use
of it as a drink.
Go with me now into the gambling saloon;
behold the beautifully decorated bar, the pic
tures, the decanters with gilded labels, and see
the moving spiiit of all this folly and ruin.
Mark him whose jewelled hand seizes the dice
b?x- or the cards, and see him occasionally step
aside and quench his thirst, as the excitement
increases, and his brow burns with fearful
anxiety. Think you that intoxicating liquors
do not preside here, aye, rule with a rod of
iron, the debauchee and the gambler. Yet he
who has lost all?he who has beggared his
family, and killed by his unkindness the wife
of his bosom?once knew not the name of a
card, and drank only that refreshing beverage
which God has so bountifully provided for us
all, in his infinite love. Now, burning with
anxiety, he clings to the punch bowl and the
dice bov, and when knavery has robbed him
of all, he rushes unbidden before the tribunal
of his maker.
Behold those two men near the hours o'
midnight; how they leave the groggery, and
stealthily creeping out of observation from the
watchman of the night, pry off the shutter,
and enter the residence of the man of indus
try, who calmly sleeps after his daily toil;
they plunder the house, and if perchance the
inmates resist, they are murdered to prevent
detection Goyet farther; hear those shrieks,
those dire imprecations, and as you view the
dim light of the groggery, and behold its half
opened door, behold the cause.
Who, then, let me ask, bears the burden of
taxation, for the support of the convicts in our
State prisons, when their own labor is not suf
ficient ? Who pays for the conviction of the
felon, the thief, the murderer? Look at the
criminal calenders, the police reports, and are
they not sufficient io startle aud amaze? The
people in the different counties build the jails
hire and pay the sheriff and jailor, togethe^
with the district attorney, who prosecutes in
their behalf. They build and support the
Poor houses, two-thirds of whose inmates
reached there by their love of liquor. Pau
perism, crime, and intemperance, go together;
the virtuous sober poor have to pay, together
with the rich, the costs which result from the
use of wine, beer, cider, brandy, gin, whiskey,
rum, and all the other mixtures sold under
iheir names. How much does the retailer
care for taxation, or the distiller for county
and State taxes? They ofien boast that they
can mike more in one week than they are
taxed, besides fines for violations of excise
laws. This burden presses upon the virtuous
poor and those of the middling class; it is
they who suffer, not only by taxation, but in
the destruction of the r long-cherished hopes
for some one of their kindred.
(Concluded next week )
THIS [) A Y !
030,000! =00
CLASS 27, FoR 1815.
To be drawn in Alextndria, l?. C., on Saturday,
July 5th, 1815.
$30,000!!! $10 000!! $5,000!
5 prizes of *>,000 I 20 do of 1,000
20 do of 500 | 20 do ' of 400
&c. &o. &c.
66 numbers?11 drawn ballots.
Tickets $10?Halves #5?Q farters $2 50.
Certificates of packages oi 22 whole tickets, $110
Do do 22 half do 55
D.) do 22 quarter do 27 50
Call at A. W. KIRK WOOD'S,
One door cast of Browns Hotel.
South side of Pennsylvania avenue, east of Four
and-a-Half Street.
FCI'DLIPP respectfully informs his friends
. and the public generally, that he continues
to carry on the above business in hII its various
branches, where he DYES and DKE**SE3 in the
best manner Ladies and Gentlemens' Garments
of every description: Cleans. Blcaches, and Curia
the Fringes of Merino and Cashmere Shawls.
Leghorn and Straw Bonnets dyed and pressed.
Having recently made some improvements in
the art of Dying and Dressing Garments, Ladies'
?-an have Bombazine, Merino, Muslin, and Circas
sian dresses dyed black and blue-black without rip
ping them. His prices will be as follows:
Coats Cleaned, 75 cents; Coats Dyed, $1 00;
Dresses, ftl 00.
N. B. Merchants goods dyed and put up in the
original style, and cheap as they can be done in
any of the NortborQ citiep.
June 88 ' 3m j
44 Just a? the twig is bent, the tree's inclin'd."
From an exchange paper.
" A guilty conscience needs no accuser."
Old saying.
" The wicked fleeth when no man pursueth "
It was a beautiful afternoon in the early
Autumn, and two little boys were on their way
to school, at the close of their noon play. One
of these lads bore a rather doubtful character
for honesty; the other was a fine, noble spirited,
and usually fai'hful and obedient boy.
" It is too pleasant to be shut up in the old
school-house this afternoon," said the first,
whom we shall call John.
" O, well, vacation's coming soon," replied
"That don't make the school any pleasanter
this afternoon. I've a mind to stay out. I
know where there are any quantity of damsons,
and I'm for having some. Come, will you go?"
" But I'm afraid we shall be found out."
"O, no we shant, so come aloncr;" and he
took hold of Nathan's arin and pulled him for
cibly along.
Nathan held back awhile and refused to go;
hut by dint of urging, shaming, and coaxing,
John overcame him, and away went the truants
after their damsons.
They ate what they wanted, and then filled
their hats and started for home. On his way
back Nathan bethought himself that it would
not do to carry his plums home, as he would
thus be discovered. He thought at. first that
he would bury them in the garden, but then he
wou'd be seen digging, and his secret discover,
ed. He next concluded to sit down aud eat
them; but this he thought would certainly
make him sick, and thus again would he be
exposed. What could he do? O, how he
wished he had been quietly in school during
? lie hours of study! Heartily sick of the trou
blesome fruit, as lie passed a bridge, he turned
his hat over, and away it went into the river.
But there was a new difficulty; the damsons
had stained the lining of his hat. Now he cer
tainly wou'd be found out. In vain he rubbed
and washed it, but the stain w.as not to be
With fearful forebodings he entered the
house, and placed his hat upside down upon
the stand. Every time his mother looked to
?vards him, or spoke to hiin, he started as if
just awaked from sleep, expecting to be ques
tioned about hi? absence from school. For
days, whenever his mother went near his hut,
his heart would rise to his mouth, he felt so
fearful his mother had discovered him. Surely,
in his case, " the way of the transgressor was
hard." Dearly did he pay for his disobedience.
Time passed on, however, and he was not
found out, but it was weeks before he was
entirely relieved from fear. This was the last
of his playing the truant; he is a grown man
now, but this day he vividly remembers the
anguish he suffered during the days that imme
diately followed his sin.
Be assured little readers, however sweet sin
may bo in the beginning, in the end it " biteth
like a serpent and stingeth like an adder."
" Here silver pence are turn'd to golden pounds."
"Collector's Office, City Hall,
. July I, 1845.
indebted for taxes on real or personal proper
ty for the year 1844, and previous years, that pay
ment i3 required to be made within sixty days from
the date hereof; otherwise the law will be enforced
against all delinquents.
? ITf3 Taxes are charged against every person in
the city who is either a housekeeper or owner of
real property.
A. ROTHWELL, Collector.
July 5 2m 5
TNFORMS the public that he keeps on hand, and
I makes to order, all articles in the CABINET
JAKE at reduced prices, for cash.
FiNERALS attended to. and Carriages pro
vided, at the shortest notice.
OLD FURNITURE r pained in the neatest
and most duiable manner.
jn^From several years experience in the above
business he flutters himself that he can give satis
faction to all who may favor him with their orders.
July 5 tf ft
THE ci izens of Washington, and all others who
are fond of good SMOKING, CHEWING, or
SNUFFING, can obtain, by calling at the under
signed's store, the very best of all the above arti
cles, at reduced prices, as he is determined to sell
very LOW, especially for cash.
Having n?w on hand a great assortment of
CIGARS and fine flavored SNUFFS, also the ce
lebrated Premium Gold Leaf Sun Cured Pure
lOB^CCO of James W. Morgan, which is so
much approved of and admired by all lovers of
the Weed, with other brands; all of which can be
purchased at the manufacturers' prices, with a
fine assortment of SMOKING TOBACCO.
Retailers of the above will find it to their great
advantage to call, and they will be suited, and no
mistake, ft doors east of 4j street, Pennsylvania
avenue, Washington city, D. C
N. B. Dai'y expected the GENUINE TURK
July 5 tf ft
JOHN T. TONGE informs his friends and the
public generally, that he has commenced bu
siness on Seventh street, three doois South of th*
Patriotic Bank, where he has on hand, and will
manufacture to order, all kinds of TIN AND
COPPER WARE, of the best materials and woik
m ? whip.
* Roofing, Guttering, and Spouting, done in
the best manner.
All kinds of Tin and Copper War? repaired in
the neatest manner, and on reasonable terms.
June 31 tf 9

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