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The Washingtonian. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1845-1845, July 26, 1845, Image 1

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VOLUME l.
Devoted to Total Abstinence, Morals, Education, Literature, Useful Arts, Domestic Economy, and General Intelligence.
Strictly Tee-total, und Exclusive of all ItfaUcrt.of u Political or Sectarian Character! ami of all Advertisement* of Iiitoxlcatlug-drink-aellinfl; B*tabll?hm?uiU.
NUMBER 8.
BY GEORGE COCHRAN & CO.]
WASHINGTON, D. C./ JULY 26, 1845.
\,r
[FIFTEEN CENTS PER MONTH.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY
GEORGE COCHRAN & CO.,
WASHINGTON CITY, D C.
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SOUTH OF PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE.
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FOURTEEN lines, or under, culled a square.
53r BUSINESS CARDS, of SIX LINES, will be
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Apothecaries, Stationers ,and others, wishing a
column or half column, will be accommodated at the
lowest rates.
POETICAL FOUNT.
41 Here Nnture's minstrels quaff inspiring draughts."
"THERE WAS SILENCE IN HEAVEN."
Can angel spirits netid repose,
In the full sunlight of the sky ?
And can the veil of slumber close
A cherub's bright and blazing eye ?
Have scraphims a weary brow,
A fainting heart, and aching breast!
No, far too high their pulses flow,
To languish with inglorious rest.
How could they sleep nmid the bliss,
The banquet of delight above !
Or bear for one short hour to miss
The vision of the Lord they love ?
Oh! not the death-like calm of sleep
Could hush the everlasting song:
No fairy dream nor slumber deep,
Entranced the rapt and holy throng.
Yet not the lightest tone was heard,
From angel voice or angel hand,
And not one plumed pinion stirred
Among the bowed and blissful band.
For there was silence in the sky,
A joy no angel tongues could tell,
As from its mystic point on high
The peace of God in stillness fell.
Oh ! what is silence here below ?
The qiueiof foocealed. despair.
The cause of pain, the dream of wo?
It is the rest of rapture there.
And, to the way-worn pi'grijn here,
"More kindred seems that perfect peace
Than the full chaunts of joy to hear
Roll on, and never, never cease.
From earthly agonies set free,
Tired with the path too slowly trod,
May such a silence welcome me
Into the palace of my God!
T. A. SOCIETIES.
Freeman's V. T. A. Society.?This society
holds its meetings every Tuesday evening at
half past 7 o'clock, at the Club House, Wash
ington, where the public are respectfully in
vited to attend and hear for themselves.
This society, together with the " Cold Water
Army" (children) oi' the city, holds a meeting
at the Club House every Sunday evening, at
3 o'clock.
Anacostia T. A. Society?Holds its meetings
monthly, at the Anacostia Engine house.
Washington Temperance Beneficial Society?
Meets every Fridav evening, at
Potomac T. A. Society?Meets every Wed
nesday, at the School house on Maryland
avenue near 11th street.
SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
Grand Division for the District of Colum
bia?Stated meetings quarterly, on the second
Mondays of January, April, July, and October.
Timothy Division, No. 1?Meets at their
hall on C street, Washington, every Wednes
day evening.
Harmony Division, No. 2?Meets at the old
Masonic hall, Alexandria, every Monday even
ing.
Chryslal Fount Division, No. 3?Meets at
their hall on C street every Monday evening.
Potomac Division No. 5?Meets at the Odd
Fellows' hall, Georgetown, every Thursday
evening.
Equal Division, No.fi?Meets over the City
Library, 11th street, every Tuesday evening.
UNITED <BR?THERS OF TEMPERANCE.
Association No. 1?meets at the hall of the
Sons of Temperance, on C street, every Friday
evening.
Association No. 2?meets at the Odd Fel
lows' hall, Navy Yard, every evening.
COLORED PEOPLES' T. A. SOCIETIES.
Sons of Temperance T. A. B. S.?Meets at
the school house, on 5th street south, near Ma
ryland avenue, month y.
Nepture T. A. B. Society?Meets on I near
14th street. Hold meetings weekly.
Presbyterian Church T. A Society.
Israel arid Bethel T. A. Society.
Asbury Church T. A. Society.
These societies, we behove, have no regular
nights for meeting, but frequently hold them,
and are doing much good. Their leaders de
serve the thanks of the community.
Old Bachelors.?We are sorry for this large
class of our friends. Poor fellows! Solomon
paints them to the life:
"He that hath no wife wandereth up and
down sorrowing." There is not such another
disjointed, out of place, uncomfortable piece
of anatomy in existence.?Factory Uirls Of'
fering.
POPULAR SELECTION'S.
" From grave to gay, from lively to severe. '
From the Dollar Courier.
SCENES ON THE MISSISSIPPI.
It is a matter of no little moment to the tra
veller on the Western waters, to have a care
in the judicious selection of his conveyance.
The experienced voyageur, bearing in mind
the perils of the river, the? danger of snags,
sawyers, conflagrations, and explosions, looks
not only for a wetUconstructed and well-ap
pointed boat, but for what is of vastly more
consequence, one having careful, experienced,
and sober officers. When lie sees a captain
reckless in his bearing, with swaggering, de
vil-may-care manners, and indications of a love
for whiskey in the phiz, no matter how fine
the carpets, how dazzling the mirrors, how
splendid the furniture, or how swift or magni
ficent the boat, he gives her a wide berth.
Take an instance that we had last fall.?
There was the Lucy Walker, a new boat,
"just come out," and puffed by the newspa
pers as a "crack" steamer, but commanded
by a man of the sort above described. She left
Louisville with a full load of cabin and deck
passengers. The captain, engineer, firemen,
and all hands, excepting the pilot, were said
to have been drinking quite freely. As she
was new, to get her name up, or perhaps to
sustain the reputation already given her, they
plied the fuel, and crowded her with steam,
and thus she went rushing down the Ohio.
The slnill whistling noise, and the lack of
moisture from the escape pipe, very soon in
dicated, as they always do, that the water was
getting low in the boilers. The pilot at the
wheel observed her condition, and knew that
she must inevitably explode lie left the
pilot house, being the place of greatest danger,
and walked aft on the hurricane roof; but re
flecting that, whatever the peril, his duty re
quired him to be at his post, he returned to
his station at the wheel. A moment after the
boilers burst, and some thirty or forty souls,
I (I don't know the precise number,) including
j the captain, clerk, and engineers, were launch
ed into- eternity. Tfie^piloT escaped, almost
by a miracle, with an arm and a leaf broken;
and though thus disabled, is said to have aided
to rescue some two or three-women who had
been blown into the water. Had the Lucy
Walker been commanded by a.careful, expe
rienced, sober captain, this accident could not
have occurred.
, When you find a sedate, intelligent, and bu
j siness man in command of a boat, with expe
rienced pilots and engineers, and a gentleman
ly clerk, all sober men, which any one al all
skilled in physiognomy can readily determine,
you may take passage on the boat, and feel
yourself as safe as on any steam craft that
ploughs your eastern waters. The black smoke
rolls in volumes from the chimneys, the steam
bellows from the escape pipe, with an occa
j sional puff, puff, puff?ding, ding, ding a dong,
dong, rings the bell, and the novice would sup
pose she is " off" in a moment; an old travel
I ler knows better.
" Captain, what do you charge to Pittsburg?"
" Eight dollars."
" You appear crowded ; will you give me a
state-room, or a mattress on the cabin floor, or
will I be driven to a standee on the boiler deck,
if I take passage with you?"
" State-room, sir?two left."
" At what time do you leave ?"
" In two hours, sir."
" Now, Captain, I'm an old traveller on the
river; T like your boat, and intend taking pas
sage on her, start when she may, but my bu
siness requires that I should know the precise
time when you will lenve. There is all that
freight to be taken on board, your clerk is up
in the city, and I know you won't start in two
hours."
? Well, sir, I'll tell you in confidence, be on
board at four, with your baggage, and you'll
be in time."
" Can't you give me a little longer, Captain?"
" Well, say five; that is the utmost minute."
* # # * *
" Haul in the plank?cast off there?back
her?ting-a-ling-ling. Now we're off."
" You've done pretty well this time, Cap
tain, its just half-past seven."
Now let us look about, and see who we
have got on board; about one hundred and
twenty men, and an indefinite number of wo
men and children. Bless me, what a squall
ing; hope they'll get quiet by and by. Every
boat should be compelled by law to carry a
cask of paregoric, or some other infantile se
dative. Not an acquaintance among the whole;
well, no matter, I'll soon get acquainted with
somebady. A well-dressed man with a genu
ine western look approaches. " How far are
you going on this boat, stranger?"
" To Pittsburg."
" Good hand! so am I. Come, let's go and
take a drink."
44 Thank you, I don't use the crillcr
" Well, take a smoke."
" Agreed."
Cigars are produced and lighted, and in ten
minutes we are chatting together as sociably
as if we were old acquaintances. Presently
another joins us, and enters into conversation,
and before long there are wune six or eight,
each contributing his raite^o make the time
pass agreeably; each maiujfljpinghis own self
respect, and each respecting the other so long
as his conduct merits it. No one fears that
he may be contaminated^ poisoned, or lose
caste, by treating those into^whose company he
may be thrown, with ,>oli(jfce3s and courtesy.
I mistake, there was one itarched up gentle
man, fresh from some eastern city, gold specs,
black gloves, and cravat a-la-node, with his
hair parted by count, and the odd hair split,
who shrunk back and drew himself into his
shell at the address of a stranger, as though
I there was leprosy in his approach. And thus
j " Lord Baltimore," (so some wag on board had
dubbed him,) passed his time for a day or two,
enjoying his solitary grandeur, and looking
with contempt upon the friendly ease, and so
cial equality, with which judges and legisla
tors, men of a million, aBd men of a dollar,
mechanics, farmers, and tradesmen, mingled
together. Why this difference! between his
bearing, and that of his fellows 1 Because he
had been reared amidst artificial distinctions
-?where men look upon each stransrer they
meet in travelling as a knave who will pick
their pockets, or as some low fellow, with
whom they may not converse without social
degradation?they have been bred where social
as well as political equality, and true demo
cracy, are taught from childhood. ?
However, "Lord Baltimore," after two or
three days of magnificent solitude, made the
discovery, that if exclusiveness is agreeable
when there are other ^excjusivesto keep one
company, it is a very disagreeable game to
play single handed?so my "Lord" conde
scended to descend from his stilts, or rather
got knocked off from them, and we found him
at the bottom quite a clever fellow.
" Hand over half a dollar," said a big Ken
tuckian to me one morning just after break
ups t. do you i#<*nt off a half dollar ?"
" There is a poor woman, with three small
children, who came on board in the night; she
has lost her husband?one of her children sick
?she's got a touch of the ague, and is return
ing to her friends at the East utterly destitute
?hand over." "Here it is, how much have
you got now ?" " Fifteen dollars, we want to
raise twenty?it'll take that to do her until she
gets home." "Ask that old gentleman to
?give something." "I say, old gentleman,
; wont you give us a.lift for that poor woman?"
I " I don't know; I guess I'll see her and have
i a talk with her first," was the reply, with an
accent that betrayed his !New England origin.
" He's a Yankee," says one. "He wont give
any thing, I saw him disputing for a quarter
j of an hour before the boat started, with a por
ter for a picayune." " Wait and see," says
! another, "I know these Yankees better than
j you do," The old gentleman, not hearing
these remarks, deliberately folded the paper he
j had been reading, placed it carefully in an
i inner pocket, and walked aft to where the wo
: man was silting, with her children near her.
i She was dressed in black, herself and her chil
j dren neatly but very plainly clad; her coun
j tenance told a tale of sickness, suffering, and
I sorrow. The old gentleman questioned her of
| her situation. Her reply in a low tone I could
i not bear; the old man looked round to see if
| any one observed him?then carefully, as if
. afraid of being noticed, took from his pocket a
bank note, slipped it into her hand, put his
I handkerchief to his face, pretending that his
nose and not his eyes needed its application,
and without pausing to listen to her thanks,
hastened away muttering to himself, "Great
many impositions in this western country; I
don't like to be imposed upon." Blessings rest
upon that kind old man; his act of charity
was done in secret, but " He who seeth in se
cret shall reward him openly."
" Wilt you take a game of ei/ere this even
ing just to pass away the time," said a splen
did dressed individual, whom, from certain un
mistakeable signs, I had already set down in
my mind as a blackleg.
" No, sir; I never play."
Presently he addressed another with the
same question, and before long had a game
made up. I took a position near the players?
to observe the game. Twool them were evi
dently professional gamblers; or, in the lan
guage of the country, ? legs" a third doubtful,
and the fourth a man of standing and business
in the community where he lives. They first
played for the cards?"leg" lost; then for
drinks?the other ?? leg" lost; then for liquor
again, until the pigeon, for by this time I had
discovered that it was a game of "three pluck
one," was pretty well stimulated, and ready
for any thing.
The three gamblers pretended to be in equal
ly good humor, though it must have been sheer
pretence, for by a previous arrangement with
the barkeeper, when they called for gin sling,
they were supplied with an innocent composi
tion of sugar, water, and nutmeg, with an oc
casional dash of bitters to make it look natu
ral. Your regular blackleg never drinks strong
liquor when professionally engaged.
"Oh, this is getting dull," says "leg" No. 1;
" let's i^ke up a little game of poker, pica
yune ante."
"I'm agreed," says "leg" No. 2. No. 3 held
back until the pigeon began to urge him, as
he didn't care about playing with less than
four.
Now commenced the real business of the
night, and they continued it until they fleeced
the unsuspecting victim out of some forty or
fifty dollars. He then concluded to quit, and
retired to his state room, while the confederates
withdrew into a corner and divided the spoil.
This was their last haul on this boat, as the
captain, having learnt the facts of the case,
gave the gentlemen a hint that it would be
expedient to leave, which they did at the next
wood yard, there to wait for another boat and
another victim.
This practice of gambling on the boats, has
diminished very mnch since my first acquaint
ance with the river?so that such exhibitions
as the one I have narrated, though formerly
an every day affair, are now of rare occurrence.
I have heard, ffom an eye witness, an amu
sing incident in which one B., a notorious gam
bler now residing in St. Louis, was the prin
cipal actor. He is a small, quiet, modest
looking man, and was, at the time of the oc
currence to which I refer, young in years,
though an old hand at the business. It was
his first appearance on the western waters.
On the boat where he happened to be, were
three or four " old customers," not professed
gamesters, who were gambling constantly
among themselves. All of them were men of
considerable property and standing, though of
course of rather loose habits. B. seemed to
take great interest in watching the game, so
much so that he attracted the attention of
. Capt. H., one of the players, a retired steam
, boat captain, one of the owners of the boat on
? which they were, and up to all the tricks of
the river. "Young man," said Capt. H.^' you
seem to be very fond of looking at this game,
do you ever play it ?" " Yes, sir, I used to
play poker a little in Connecticut." "Bad
practice?bad practice, young man; let me ad
vise you never to play poker, it takes an older
, head than you're got." " Let the young man
, have a hand if he wants one," said another of
, the party, winking to Captain H.; " if he will
learn the game, he'd better learn of us, it'll
cost him less than if some of these blacklegs
get hold of him !" B. said he had $53, but he
wasn't afraid to risk that. He took a seat at
the table, and they dealt him a hand. It wasn't
long before, as was anticipated by all who saw
him commence, he was broke, and compelled
to take a " back seat."
"Serves you right, young man, serves you
right," said Capt. H., "I told you it took an
old head to play the game; take my advice,
never play poker again."
The following day the same parties were
playing as usual. B. was looking on, taking
as much interest as ever.
" Well, young man," said Capt. H., " I sup
pose you got a good lesson yesterday, and wont
burn your fingers again."
B. replied that he had no more money, but
if he could get any one to advance him fifty
dollars on his gold watch and chaiu, he should
like to have a chance to get back what he'd
lost. The watch was valuable, and some one
advanced him the money on it. He took a
seat at the table, and called for a hand.
"You'll lose every dollar of your money,
young man," said Capt. H., " but if you are
determined to take another lesson it is your
lookout."
They played until towards morning, at which
time B. had " broke" the whole party, winning
twenty-seven hundred and fifty dollars. As
they left the table, exclaiming against their
bad luck, B. put his thumb on his nose, and
making a gyration with his fingers, remarked
to Captain H., "Serves you right, old gentle
man; serves you right; take my advice and
never play poker again, you are getting too
old, and ought to be turning; your ajjention io
other matters."
This is said to have been Capt. II.'s last
game of poker. It leaked out afterwards that
B. had supplied the barkeeper of the boat with
sundry packs of cards, manufactured with
marks on the backs, expressly tor him, and
these were furnished to the players from time
to lime as they were called for. Of course B.
and the barkeeper divided the spoil.
One morning, after leaving some small town
on the river, a strange face among our passen
gers attracted my attention. Its possessor was
a dapper looking gentleman, about five feet
five in height, dressed in strict conformity with
the prevailing mode, his chfn adorned with a
luxuriant growth of glossy black hair. His
feet were decorated with ft pair of elegantly
worked slippers, and iu his hand he bore one
of the cheap publications of the day, known
under the class of "Shilling- Literature." He
announced himseflf as bound lor Pittsburg,
made quite a display of loose change, treated
liberally, and before night had made himself
free and easy, and entirely at home amon? the
passengers. Soon after supper I remarked him
with an elegant pocket book in his hand, evi
dently in a state of considerable excitement,
exclaiming against an imposition which he al
ledged the clerk of the boat had attempted
upon him. He said that his funds, with which
his pocket book was apparently well fined,
were all in large notes on an eastern bank,
and that when he offered to pay his fare, the
clerk refused to take one of his bills, except at
a heavy discount, to which he would not sub
mit, as his money was as good as gold at Pitts
burg. Addressing himself to an unsophisti
cated looking gentleman, who happened to be
standing near him, he said in the blandest
tones, "My dear syr, will you have the kind
ness to loan me ten dollars until we arrive at
Louisville, where I can get my funds ex
changed on fair terms ?" " Certainly1, sir,"
was the reply, and the gentleman handed over
the amount asked for. On thq following morn
ing it was noised about the boat that one of
our fellow passengers had been robbed during
the night of forty dollars. Suspicion at once
rested on the new comer, who h*d occupied*
the same stateroom with the sufferer; but on
inquiry he "came up rriissing," having gone
ashore at some wood yard during the flight.
The gentleman who had been robbed, and he
who had loaned the ten dollars, looked blank;
but if it be true that " misery likes company,"
these individuals must have experienced no
little consolation from the nmmber of sympa
thizing friends who had been " done" out of
various sums, from one dollar to ten on simi
lar pretences. The least sufferers wfcre the
gentleman who had loaned the book which
our chevalier had sported with such a literary
air, and he who had proffered the use of the
elegant slippers to relieve the gentleman's
aching corns. He left in such a hurry that lie
had forgotten to return these trj/iea^
The characteristic cautionofoartdd Ya?kee
friend had saved him harmless. He had been
solicited for a loan on the pretence of uncur
rent funds, but declined, politely offering, how
ever, to exchange an eastern note at par, if it
would be any accommodation. Strangers
should be on their guard against these cleve
liers d'induslrie who are to be met with on al
most every boat. You may chat with an un
known fellow passenger, or smoke with him,
if you choose, in safety, but when he applies
for "a trifling loan for a short time," an old
traveller always begs to be excused.
A lovely Sabbath morn found us just enter
ing the mouth of the Ohio. The unusual quiet
that prevailed throughout the boat, indicated
that all bore in mind that this was " the dav
the Lord hath made." The influence of the
noly babbath seemed to impress the minds of
the most reckless. There was no light or
boisterous conversation, no cracking of fokes ?
the usual alter breakfast assemblage on the
boiler deck was omitted, the backgammon
boards were closed aud put aside, and the pas
sengers were sitting quietly in their state
rooms, or scattered along the cabin, some
reading, and a few conversing in subdued
tones.
A proposition was submitted to the passen
gers that we should celebrate divine worship
and a preacher who happened to be on board'
tendered his services lor the occasion. All
seemed pleased with the suggestion, and gath
ering m the after part of the cabin, formed
quae a numerous and intelligent congregation.
Ihe minister was a venerable looking, gray
haired man, ofabout three score years, wiih a
countenance indicating sincere piety, enlarged
benevolence, and indomitable energy. He was
of the methodist persuasion?a sect which has
been, and still is, the pioneer of religion in the
rar W est.
When Western Virginia and Ohio were the
trontier. there his voice was heard allaying the
turbulent passion of a rude and lawless people,
and calling them to Jesus. As the tide o/ emi
gration has rolled onward, he has stiJI kept in
advance; and thus has he pushed on from State
to new State, and thence into the Territories,
bearing all things, enduring all things, with
cheerful submission to the will of his Master.
He commenced the service with a fervent
and devout prayer, admirably adapted to the
, condition and wants of his heterogeneous au
j dience. lie then gave out a hymn, pitching
I the tune, and leading the music himself, in
which he was joined by a large portion of his
congregation, as he gave our the words line
for line: He then delivered an extemporane
ous discourse. It was plain, with none of ihe
graces of oratory or flowers of rhetoric, and vet
the old man was at times truly eloquent To
a deep insight into ihe workings of the human
heart, he added a sound judgment and ex
haustless fund of practical good sense, enforc
ing the truths he proclaimed with homely and
familiar illustrations, that carried them direct
ly to the hearts of his hearers. He was lis
tened to with serious attention, and each who
that day heard the teachings of that sincere,
self-denying, old man, must have felt within
himself a desire to lead a better and a holier
life.
Thus passed the Sabbath on a Mississippi
steamboat; in a manner, it is true, seldom'
witnessed, but which all right thinking men.
must desire should be oftener imitated on our '
Western water*

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