SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1845.
TERMS OF THIS PAPER.
To citizen* of Washington, Georgetown, and Alex
andria, the Washingtonian will be delivered every
Saturday, at FIFTEEN CENTS per month, payable
Single papers (sent by mail) will be TWO DOL
LARS per year, payable in advance, in all cases.
Any person remitting us FIVK DOLLARS will re
ceive THREE papers, to any address, one year.
For TEN DOLLARS we will mail SEVEN papers
one year. Under this we cannot go, as the expense
attending the conducting of a paper in this city is al
most as great as in any purl of the United States.
All persons friendly to the cause are requested to
aid us, by procuring subscribers.
Postmasters arc authorized, under the law, to
remit the names of subscribers and money.
All communications to the publishers must he free
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
The next number of the Washingtonian
will complete four months of its existence.
We have labored hard thus far without any
remuneration, and our situation admonishes us,
that to continue working against wind and
tide, as we have done for the last five months,
would be an injustice to ourself and family.
After the issue of our next number, we intend
suspending the publication of the Washingto
nian, until such time as the community shall
come up and give it a proper and substantial
support. The list of subscribers we shall re
tain, in order that the publication may be re
sumed when we see our way clear. It gives us
pleasure to notice, that the course of this pa
per has been highly approved of by our cotem
poraries in all parts of the United States; and
although we have been unassisted in our edi
torial department for several weeks past, ow
ing to the inability of the paper to pay for
editorial talent, we have not heard of a single
exception to the mode of conducting it by any
one of its subscribers. In the outset we deter
mined to steer clear of all cliques of would-be
leaders, and to advocate the cause by substan
tial truths. This course has probably lost us
half a dozen subscribers. They are men who
believe in the following lines, which we have
" The Editor who wills to please,
Must humbly crawl upon his knees,
And kiss the hand that beats him;
Or, if he dare attempt to walk,
Must toe the mark that others chalk,
And cringe to all that meet him."
With us such men bark up the wrong tree.
Our course has always been right up and down,
endeavoring to arrive at the truth, and never
afraid to speak it, no matter whom it might
During the three first evenings of this week,
the community were enlightened on the sub
ject of total abstinence from all intoxicating
drinks, by two of the most powerful and chaste
reasoners on the subject it has been our for
tune to listen to. JVJ. W. G. A. White, of
Pennsylvania, and G. W. P. Wright, of Ma
ryland, arrived in this city last Monday, on
official business relating to the Order of Sons
of Temperance. On Monday evening those
gentlemen attended and addressed the street
meeting at the corner of 7th and I streets.
On Tuesday evening they addressed the meet
ing at the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and
6th streets. At these two meetings about 50
persons signed the pledge.
On Wednesday evening the Apollo Ilall was
procured, for those gentlemen to explain the
principles of the Order. At an early hour the
room was filled with ladies and gentlemen?a
large portion wearing the badge of the Order.
Mr. White first addressed the meeting, in one
of the most chaste and beautiful lectures we
ever heard. Mr. Wright followed in a pow
erful address, chiefly directed to the ladies.
These gentlemen, together with M. W. G. P.
Sands, of New York, who is at the head of the
Order, then took leave of the brothers assem
bled. The farewell address of Mr. White we
consider one of the most feeling and chaste ad
dresses ever delivered; indeed all were of the
first order, and had due weight wiih the au
dience?all of whom were as orderly as though
they were in church listening to the word of
God. We were gratified at the ladies' atten
dance on this occasion; the appearance of so
respectable a number, reminded us of old
times at the Apollo?the times of Marshall,
Briggs, Levin, and others.
To save trouble to the clerks in the Post
Office, those gentlemen with whom we ex
change will please discontinue their papers,
until they hear from us again.
The Florentine Histories.?We have re
ceived from the new Book and Stationery es
tablishment of Mr. E. K. Lunuy, (Pennsylva
nia avenue, between Four-and-a-half and Sixth
streets, south side,) the Florentine Histories,
translated from the Italian of Machiavelli by
the Rev. C. Edwards Lester, being Nos. 2 and
3 of the Medici series of Italian prose. It is
somewhat refreshing, after the deluge of cheap
and dirty trash with which the literary market
has been flooded for some time, to notice a
work of this kind, executed as it is in a beau
tiful style, with fine clean type, and conveying
to the reader a distinct and elegant narration
of events in the history of the Italian repub
lics, well repaying an attentive perusal. It is
furnished at 50 cents per volume.
Mr. Lundy has also catered for the Ladies,
as will be seen by his advertisement in our co
lumns of to-day, by the receipt of a fine assort
ment of new and fashionable Music, which he
offers at moderate prices.
W* (tad ii/tnga*4 ia hive Hid act one wotd
relative to the unfortunate case of Mr. Goucu,
until such time as we could present to our
readers facts instead of rumors; but we find
that public feeling here requires some notice
should be taken of the subject, although as
yet involved in mystery. His fall, no mat
ter whether it was effected by his own will,
or by the design of others, proves, conclu
sively, that no man is safe while intoxicat
ing liquors are permitted to be publicly ex
posed and sold under the sanction of law.
His fall is a public calamity. Perhaps no
man, during his day, has done more public
good; he has been the instrument of redeem
ingjthousands of our fellow-citizens, and restor
ing them to their country, their family, their
friends. His momentary fall, then, should
prove a public benefit. It already has enlisted
the sympathy of every good man; and we hope
those competent to the task will not endeavor
to hide the fall of this great philanthropist, but
that they will thunder it in the ears of the
Christian, the statesman, and the body politic,
in such tones as will force every lover of hu
manity to use his influence to eradicate the
traffic. Had we the ability, we should enter
upon this duty at once. Thef' Mowing feeling
article on the subject we copy from the Phila
delphia Gazette, and it gives us pleasure to
state, that, so far as has come to our know
ledge, the respectable portion of the political
press, are taking just and liberal views of this
most unfortunate occurrence.
John B. Gough.?The world in its want of
charity, acts a cowardly part. Let a man fall,
and a majority of his species throw themselves
upon him to keep him prostrate. The " evil
which men do lives after them "?not only so,
but speaks trumpet tongued to them at every
turn in life?its scoff, its hiss, its pointed finger
and its exaggerated coloring haunt the weak
and fallen at every corner and crossing ! But
of the good??"the good is often interred with
their bones]'?not only so, but before the mor
tal puts on immortality, every particle of good
is ripped from its tenement?there is a vam
pire appetite, greedy and ravenous, to sap the
vitality of man's character and leave the re
fuse ! Such feelings seem to be exercised to
their full bent, in relation to Mr. Gough. We
concur with the Albany Evening Journal as to
the uncharitableness of the general course.
Mr. Gough was, it seems, formerly an inebri
ate, but for some years, by a noble effort, has
abstained. Unfortunately, on the occasion re
ferred to, he was overcome by design or temp
tation, and fell for a season into the pit from
which he was finally rescued, and over which
a veil should pass. That fall should not only
be forgiven but forgotten. He has high intel
lectual and moral qualities, shaded, as is too
often the case, with infirmities. Let the good
be cultivated, for in this way only can the evil
be overcome. Let the ransomed man go forth
again to his labors, without hearing from every
tongue, and seeing in every face, evidence that
his frailties, rather than his virtues, are re
CT Critic has been received. Our aim, thus
far, has been to advance the General Total
Abstinence cause. We have advocated no
particular mode for doing this, but have left
that to the different Orders, Associations, and
gatherings. We believe all associations en
gaged in the cause do good, whether they ap
pear in gorgeous regalia or not; and as, in our
opinion, Critic's remarks strike at an Order
which is advancing with a rapidity hitherto
unknown, and the usefulness and beauty of
which he is entirely unacquainted with, no
good can result from his views.
HIT Stop that rumor.?The rumor which
has been in circulation in our city for some
time past, charging one of our ministers with
having given great offence to a high function
ary of the Government, and his family, by "a
prayer" which was offered up in their pres
ence, in their behalf, in one of the churchcs in
this city, is entirely destitute of foundation?a
" Commingling streams from pure tee-total Springs."
For the Wasliingtoninn.
It is somewhat strange how liquor affects
different individuals. Some, who are natural
ly taciturn and phlegmatic, become suddenly
lively and excited; others again become mo
rose and extremely pugnacious, scarcely dis
tinguishing friends from foes. From the many
phases it assumes, it has been tritely remarked,
that the dispositions are brought out free from
the control of the individual himself. The
cause for such difference may be left to the in
vestigation of the moralist, for T ave often re
marked it, without being able to assign any
reason for it.
With these prefatory remarks, I mean to in
| troduce to your view a character, on whom
liquor had no other bodily effect than merely
to intoxicate for a while. He was a dusty
miller, who paid his respects to the "Horse
head" at least twice in the week; a man of
infinite jest and good humor?the soul of the
society he kept, over whotn he had a complete
control, and no leader ever had more willing
subjects to govern. He would arrive at the
village at a full gallop, whooping and huzzaing
to announce his arrival to those who usually
looked for his coming. The host would soon
assemble?the blacksmith dropped his ham
mer1?the cobbler would throw his shoe aside
and the tailor, with spectacles on nose, and
unbuttoned vest, would throw aside his coat
all, all would come to the gathering, and, like
well drilled soldiers, soon fired off their glasses.
Instantly the rude gibes and coarse language
of the miller re-echoed through the village,
and " the landlord's laugh was ready chorus!"
Thus th<? 'ong and the dram alternated till the
going down of the sun. He had one good
quality, which most drunkards little possess;
ha woutd return home before U was dark.
When his charger was brought to the door,
the etiquette of mounting was truly amusing
?while two held the stirrups, the others would
help him in his seat. Then came the " stir
rup cup," which was drank amidst loud huz
zas. The curveting of the well fed horse, and
the reeling of the miller were truly farcical;
but in a moment after he sprung off in a full
gallop, apparently unable to keep his seat,
till he was lost to sight in the mist of the
evening. I never knew him to leave the
"Horsehead" otherwise; and often I thought
I should never see him again after such haz
ardous feats. He continued so for years,
drinking and frolicking, without any perceptible
alteration in his looks or habits. But not so
with the others whom he considered his cem
panions?they all suffered from the effects of
the poison, either in person or reputation,
ruining themselves, and bringing their families
to poverty and distress.
It is easy to imagine the mischief Mich men
bring upon the community, and the danger of
such associations. Although many years after
I had left the place, I saw him much in the
same condition I had left him, yet a few more
years may find him a raving maniac, as I be
fore have witnessed in another of a similar
Can any man of common feeling wish to
live and witness the misery and destruction
that must ensue from such a course of life,
and still continue to administer the poisonous
glass ? Justitia.
For the Washingtonian.
Messrs. Editors: I have been at peace
with the world now some weeks, eyeing the
beauties of "Justitia" and others, not knowing,
at the same time, that the eminent poets of
the "American Flag" and "Forever Thine,"
" Palermo" and " Palmyra," had been decap
itated from your valuable paper, as well as
others of the dabsters at penmanship.
Palermo, poor fellow, I guess he cannot find
time to lauu M. A. F. in strains so eloquent
as in a former number of your paper, for the
just reason that his time is so taken up with
1 another one of the fair creatures that he can
not compose his mind to write an eulogy to
any one else. I saw him at the camp meet
ing on Sunday last, (over Benning's bridge,)
sporting beneath the bright smiles of a fair
creature. But what has become of "Palmy
ra?" 'Spose he's dead.
Prince George county, 1 find, has become
the harbor of drunkards. At the camp I saw
several instances of beastly intoxication among
the young men, mostly belonging to the me
tropolis. Shame and disgrace upon a set of
beings to debase themselves on such an occa
sion, before the eyes of an enlightened and re
ligious community, disturbing the peace and
quiet of religious worshippers. " Shame rest
not on my country." I think it would be ad
visable, at some time, to hold a temperance
meeting in that part of Prince George county
called the Forest, much good might result
from the undertaking?many might be saved.
I would head the band of philanthropists, but
my knowledge of either ethics or logic does
not extend farther than where my ideas origi
nate; though, if the indomitable Savage, Beck,
and others, would lead, here follows. What
say you? if well, go ahead, here follows the
The following letter, from our Alexandria
correspondent, was intended for last week's
paper, but was not received in time. We
are happy to perceive that the cause is look
ing up in our sister city. This is owing,
chiefly to the indomitable perseverance of a
few Sons of Temperance, and we hope their
efforts may be crowned with abundanr suc
cess. We omit such portions as relate to the
meetings last Sunday.
Alexandria, D. C.,Sept. 11,1845.
Religion and temperance is reviving again
in our town, for the advocates of each are very
zealous and untiring. A considerable revival
of religion is now in progress at the Methodist
Episcopal church; numerous accessions have
been made to the church, and scores are still
seeking before its altar the " pearl of great
price." The church is very much crowded
every evening?a manifest solemnity pervad
ing the whole house. Frequently, heretofore,
at a time like this, I have observed among the
audience a disposition to mirth and levity, but
as yet such reprehensible conduct has not been
observed. A revival of temperance also oc
curred last Sunday. The Sons of Temperance
held various meetings during the day, the re
sult of which were very favorable, and seem
to indicate great good. The first meeting was
held according to announcement at "Fish
Town," and was addressed by A. D. Warfieid
and Thomas N. Davy; during the speaking I
observed several rumsellers very restless and
uneasy, giving evidence of remorse and guilt
?12 signed the pledge. In the evening at 5
o'clock, they rallied again on "Naylor's Hill."
The audience, on this occasion, was large and
exceedingly orderly; nothing occurred to mar
the harmony of the meeting. The people were
addressed by Moses F. A. Cawood, Charles
Noland, and Thomas N. Davy?15 signed the
pledge. So you see that the temperance com
munity are up and doing, working hard, and
securing laurels. The moral aspect of our
community begins to brighten already; rum
sellers are wearing elongated faces, and hard
times seems to be engraven on their door posts.
I have heard, from very good authority, that
several intend to give up the business very
soon, of which facts I will apprise you. * *
One of the appointments for next Sunday is
mad6 at the special request of ? geutlemwi
who has been engaged in the traffic for some
time past, but who intends, if possible, to dis
pose of his "fire water" before then, and i/" he
does not succeed in this, he has expressed a
determination to destroy it before the audience.
Yours, truly, .
For the Wunhingtonian.
Georgetown, D. C., Sept. 18, 1845.
Messrs. Editors: The Union Total Absti
nence Society of this place holds a meeting
every Sunday afternoon in the Market house,
for the purpose of propagating their principles.
The meeting on last Sabbath afternoon week,
was decidedly the most interesting during this
season. Several addresses were delivered by
Messrs. Cammack, Thompson, Rawlings, and
Avard, of Washington city, and our talented
young townsman and champion in the cause,
J. B. B. Wilson, esq. Every one acquitted
himself in the ablest manner, and the sound
sense, strong argument, and persuasive elo
quence of the advocates of the cause, told with
unerring effect upon the audience. About 20
signed the pledge.
There is an opening here for the establish
ment of an Association of United Brothers of
Temperance. Let the Pioneers in the cause
look to it, and act accordingly.
Yours, &c. H. T.
" Variety in the spice of life."
In the temperance cause, every man and
woman should work?work incessantly, for
without it the wheels of the car of total absti
nence must remain inactive. What would be
said of the man who could stand unmoved while
his child was drowning! Men are daily falling
by intemperance, but energetic action on the
part of temperance men would at once stay the
hand of the destroyer.
Breach of Promise.?The lovers of scandal
were disappointed at Oxford recently. A trial
for a breach of promise went off on a compro
mise. The counsel for the fair plaintiff re
joiced at this, as the defendant had borne an
excellent character for sixty years.
"No, No!" cried the opposite counsel, "we
plead guilty to only fifty-lour!"
Very True.?A man who is perpetually
snarling and finding fault, is a torment to him
self and those around. It needs but little phi
losophy to convince one that a sour and carp
ing disposition, is not that in which a man can
most happily pass through life. If the world
is wrong, it will scarcely be set in the right
track by kicks and cuffs.
Among the superstitions of the Senecas, is
one which, for its singular beauty, is already
well known. When a maiden dies, they either
imprison a young bird until it first begins to
? try its powers of song, and loading it with
kisses and caresses, they loose its bonds over
the grave, in the belief that it will not fold its
win^s, neither close its eyes, until it has flown
to the spirit land, and delivered its precious
burden of affection to the loved and lost. It is
not unfrequent, says the Indian historian, to
see twenty or thirty birds loosened at once,
over one grave.
Mistakes tcill happen.?" Colonel W. is a
fine looking man, 'aint he ?" said a friend of
ours the other day.
" Yes," replied another, " I was taken for
" You! why you look as ugly as sin."
" I don't care for that; I was taken for him
?I endorsed his note, and was taken for him
by the sheriff."
A Dog's Tail.?There is a great deal of
philosophy in a dog's tail. It is as great a
tell-tale as a lady's face. If a doe is pleased,
his tail is immediately in a wag-ish humor?
if he is afraid, it slopes? if angry, it " sticks
out." You can tell the character and disposi
tion of a dog by his tail, as well as Fowler can
decipher yours from the "bumps."
The American Consul at Tahiti has sent
home the American ship Timoleon, under the
command of Mr. Brown, sailing-master of the
U. S. brig Perry, on account of the drunken
ness of the master of said ship.
The celebrated Dr. Rush makes the follow,
ing comparison: "The effects of wine, like
those of tyranny in a well formed government,
are first felt in the extremities; while spirits,
like a bold invader, seize at once upon the vitals
of the constitution."
The Rio Grande, Rio del Norte, and Rio
Bravo, are all one and the' same river. This
river is claimed by the Texans as the true
boundary between Mexico and Texas, but the
Neuces is the boundary granted by Mexico as
forming the true division.
I Any person with J? 16 in his pocket, can, by
exchanging his money for State warrants, which
are at thirty cents discount, purchase forty
acres of good land in Michigan. ?
The Brooklyn star says, a hundred or more
boys may be seen around the outskirts of that
city of a Sunday evening, robbing orchards.
Pun.?A gentleman long famous for the ap
titude of his puns, observing a violent disturb
ance in front of a gin shop, facetiously termed
it the "battle of a-gin-court."
Somebody says that females go to meeting i
on a Sunday to look at each other's new dresses
and bonnets. That's right down scandal! They
go to show their own.
One of our missionaries at Siam states, that
one of the princes of Siain has a son named
Women avd Ladies.?Some one who prefers
the pood old Saxon word woman, says that
" woman is the last most perfect work of God ;
ladies are the productions of silk worms, milli
ners, and dressing maids."
It is stated that the present number of distil
leries in the United States is 15,400; the num
ber of gallons of distilled liquors, distilled an
nually, is 41,502,607, which, if gold at twenty
cents per gallon, would produce $8,302,501,40.
A young man named Henry M. Todd has
been tried for seduction in Dauphin county, Pa.,
fined one hundred dollars and costs, and sent
to the State prison for one year.
Respect the Dead.?In Paris, when a corpse
is carried through the streets, every person
who meets it, from the king to the scavenger,
takes off his hat, aud keeps it off till the mourn*
ful hears? has passed, !
THE LIFE AND TIMES Of HENRY CLAY,
BY CALVIN COLTON,
Author of the Junius Tracts, Four Years in Great
Britain, Tour on the American Lakes, ficc.
Published by A. J. Barnes 8f Co., Nexo York.
THE subscriber, having been appointed sole agent
foi the sale of the above wo*k in the Distriot
of Columbia, respectfully calls the attention of the
public to the same. They will be waited on to
solicit their subscriptions?such as may be omitted
arc requested to leave their names at A. W. Kirk
wood's, No. 2, Brown's Hotel, where a book will
be left for that purpose.
JNO. H. KIRKWOOD.
Sept. 13 3t 15
LIME! LIME!! LIME!!!
JUST received, and for sale cheap, a supply of
fresh burnt LIME, of very superior quality, by
Corner of 6th street and Missouri avenue.
Sept. 13 3t 15
THE proprietor of the United States Agency and
Notarial Office has removed from Pennsylva
nia avenue to F street, near 14th, second square
east of the Treasury building, being opposite J.
Kennedy's book store, and next door to the resi
dence of Gov. Parris, Second Comptroller, where
he continues to devote his whole time to the pros,
ecutien of claims of every description, including
pensions, patents, lands, contracts, &c.; also con
i veyanctng and notarial business.
Persons at a distance having business in this city,
may save the inconvenience and expense of a jour
ney, by communicating all the particulars to this
agency, and will be promptly attended to.
All letters must be postage paid, and will be
considered confidential when necessary.
EDMUND F. BROWN,
Notary Public, Commissioner of
Deeds for Illinois, &c.
Sept. 6 3t 14
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES, BT
O. H. VAN FATTEST, BK. D.
j Pennsylvania Avenue, a few doors west of Brown's
CHEAP HARDWARE, GROCERY, AMD
Corner of 9th and I streets.
CHAS. P. W ANN ALL keeps constantly on hand
an assortment of
HARDWARE, GROCERIES, and FLOUR,
Which he will sell as cheap as can be purchased
in the city.
June 7 tf 1
N EW WOOD-YARD.
THE subscriber has opened a Wood-Yard on the
corner of NINTH and CANAL STREETS,
where he keeps, and is regularly receiving, a good
HICKORY, OAK, and PINE WOOD,
Which will be sold as low as it can be bought for
on the canal.
?.?He respectfully solicits a share of public
patronage. JOHN B. BOONE.
Aug. 30 tf 13
GREA T A TTRA CT1QNH
A SPLENDID RAFFLE OF FURNITURE.
OWING to the pressure of the times, the sub
scriber intends to raffle off a splendid assort
ment of FURNITURE on the 1st of October, con
sisting, in part, of 3 handsome Mahogany Sofas;
1 Mahogany Wardrobe; 1 do. plain; 2 Sideboards;
4 Bureaus; Bedsteads, Workstands, Glasses, &c.
The subscriber would cordially solicit his friends
and the public generally to procure tickets from
him, to enable him to carry out this raffle, as the
sale of furniture is dull at this time, and money
Tickets $2. Any person wishing to procure
tickets will please leave their names with Mr. J.
Whipple and Mr. J. O'Neale, Navy Yard; and at
Mr. George Savage's store, Pennsylvania avenue,
and the subscriber will call on them.
JAMES E. W. THOMPSON,
Cabinet Maker, corner F and 13 sts.
Sept. 13 3t 15
CABINET MAKER AND UNDERTAKER,
H, BETWEEN 12tH AND 13TH STREETS,
INFORMS the public that he keeps on hand, and
makes to order, all articles in the CABINET
LINE, at reduced prices, for cash.
FUNERALS attended to, and Carriages pro
vided, at the shortest notice.
OLD FURNITURE repaired in the neatest
and most durable manner.
p3=*From several years experience in the above
business, he flatters himself that he can give satis
faction to all who may favor him with their orders.
July 5 tf 5
| AMERICAN TEMPERANCE HOTEL,
By ISAAC BEERS,
Third street, north of Pennsylvania
WASHINGTON, D. C.
ENGRAVING AND COPPERPLATE
J. V. N. THROOF,
| Pennsylvania avenue, between 1st and 2d streets,
near the Capitol.
N. B. Engraving on Wood. June 7?J
DEALER IN LUMBER\ WOOD, COAL, LIME,
SAND, AND CEMENT,
Corner of 6th st. and Missouri Avenue.
June 14 2?y
DEALER IN LUMBER, LIME, * CEMEAT,
TWELFTH STREET AND CANAL.
June 14 2?y
S. C. ESPEY,
CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST
7th, between H & I streets,
June 7 tf 1
MACHINIST AND BLACKSMITH,
Corner of E and lOZ/t streets.
August 30 tf 13
D. CLAGETT & CO.,
DEALERS IN FANCY AND STAPLE DRY
GOODS, CARPET1NGS, OIL CLOTHS,
CURTAIN STUFFS, &c.
Corner of 9th street A* Penn. avenue,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
June 7 tf 1
J. E. W. THOMPSON,
CABINET MAKER cfr UNDERTAKER,
F between 13th and 14th sts., north side.
%? Hearses kept. and funerals attended to.
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