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THE WHIG STANDARD.
FOB. PRESIDENT, HENRY CLAY. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, THEODORE PRELINGHUYSEN. * Flag of the free i thy folds ttlinll fly, Tlie ?i|(M of hope ami trlnmpli Mi^h. WASHINGTON. TUESDAY EVENING. JUNE 25.1844. REMOVAL OF THE STANDARD OFFICE. The Publication and Printing Office of the Whiu Standard is now located in the large bu Iding on the east tide of Sixth street, four doors south of Pennsylvania Avenue. ID* We have received the firm of a series of communications on the following subject: " Have the re 'P'e of the District a right to express their opinion about Public Men and Things, and what are the grievances of which tliey have a right to compldin ?" We invite an attentive perusal of the*e articles, coming as they do from an able and intelligent citizen, and throwing much light upon the peculiar relation in which the people of this District stand towards the General Government and the country at large. Tne first of the series will appear to-morrow. SPEECH OF THE HON. SJLAS WRIGHT AT CASTLE GARDEN, NEW YORK. The Locofocos have recently held a meeting at Castle Garden, in the city of New York, at which the Hon. Senator Wright was present, and at tempted to "define his position." The astute Senator made rather a tangled affair of it; and, ? upon the whole, we think he would have done well to have been somewhere else, and have said nothing about it. He, in the first place, lays down the abstract proposition very broadly, that to allow his name to go before the late Conven tion for the office of President, without any ex pression of the wishes of the people upon the subject, would have been presumptuous and un pardonable to the last degree. And that he held to be an irresistible reason why Silas WrighlV name should not be used, and why Silas Wright could not accept the nomination thus made, by what would be for such a purpose, a self-consti tuted caucus. It is remarkable that Mr. Wright should not have perceived that his proposition would go as well to exclude Mr. Pulk as himself; and it is difficult nut to suspect that he intended nothing else by its elaborate enunciation than to stab tbe nominee under the fifth rib. In fact, the whole speech sounds very much to us like a se vere piece of irony upon the pirty and its candi dates. R'duced to the form of a syllogism, Mr. Wright's proposition may be thus applied to Mr. Polk : No man can, without presumption and vanity, accept the nomination of a convention or caucus for the office if President, unless the people, in their primary assemblies, had expressed a prefer ence for hiin; James K. Polk had never been named by the people for that office ; Therefore James K. P.'lk cannot accept the nomination without incurring the charge of vani ty and presumption. Such is the force which Mr. Wright gives the proposition as applicable to himself; and we therefore deem it fair and reasonable to apply it to Mr. Polk, which we have done by merely substi tuting his name in place of Mr. Wright's. The conclusion, nevertheless, m?y be avo ded by the friends of Mr. Polk, who contend that he is merely the shadow of General Jackson, and consequently not a man. Tne syllogism, thus corrected by the friends of Mr. Polk, will save him from the ban of Mr. Wright's proscription. Titus: Numan can, without presumption and vanity, accept thf nomination of a convention or caucus, for the office of President, unless the people, in their primary a.-sembliec, had expressed their pre ference for him ; J ones K. Poik is a shadow ; There.ore James K. Polk uny accept the no minaiion. It would be difficult to reconcile Mr. Wright's application of his pioposi'ion to himself, while he in the same breath approves the nomination ol Mi.Polk, upon any other hypothesis than the one we have supposed; and the very faint praise with which be "damns" Young Hickory, w hose chief merit he represents to be subserviency to Old Hickory, gives countenance to the idea. We repeat, that the whole tone of the speech is ironical. Mr. Wright has an arch look, and we should not be surprised if his whole purpose w*re to poke fun at hi* stupid, cowardly. Locofoco friends, who suffered themselves to be run over, rough shod, by tbe Nullifies in the Baltimore Convention. But, after all, Mr. Wright's pos tion is deeply humiliating. He may have enough of the spirit of Democritus to laugh at his friends; hut he must hinself, neverthele.-s, writhe in se cret at tho degradation to which he submits in supporting men for office with whom he has no principle in common, and fur whom, personally, he cannot but feel contempt. Mr. Wright talks about sacrificing all prefer ences for men in order to secure and perpetuate the great principles of " Demociacy." What principles 1 lias not he a^d his Northern friends surrendered every principle ! Have they not eurrendered the Tariff, for which he, Buchanan, and Van Buren, and the great body of the North ern Locofocos, have always contended? Did not Mr. Wright and Mr. Buchanan vote for the pre sent Tariff] What other principle, then, have they saved from the wreck ? Not ihe great and vital one of annex Uion, which, according to them selves, involves the peace and honor and perpe tuity of tfie Union ; it is neither of these impor tant principles which they will advance by sus taining Polk?questions which have absorbed all others, and upon which the " numerical majority of the North" have been overruled by their high spirited. unyielding allies, the '? Chivalry." We thought Mr. Wright displayed taste and dignity of mind in refusing the nomination to the Vice Presidency ; but since he has so meanly knocked under at Castle Garden, we are convinced that in declining the nomination he was governed by a crafty policy, and not by sentiments of self respect. Mr. Wright said: "In reference to the idea that my uaine was ever to be presented to the American people as a candidate for the highest office in tliis Government, I beg to be assured that never, for one moment, have I been vain enough to aspire to that lofty trust; and, while it is true that I d d place in the hand of the dele gate to the Baltimore convention from my owii dis trict a let'er, unequivocally prohibiting the use of my name for that office, it was alone because I w:.s assured, kindly assured, by friends, that there was a disposition on the part of some dele gations in that convention, in case of the foi ure to nominate Mr. Van Buren, lo attempt to use my name. Did 1 do right, fellow citizens? [Cheers, and cries of 'Yes.'] I d;d. And 1 myself nmst heartily respond to your affirmative answer. [Cheers.] Never had you?never had the Democracy ol the State?indicated a dispo sition to bpetow such a trust upon me ; and, un til they had done so, I should have been assuming what, in my judgment, no man has a right to as sume?that I was permitted to place myself be fo<e a convention of the democracy of theUnion, and attempt to g;in a nomination. [Cheers.] I That was enough. But, fe.low-citizens. I wat stopped by a bi ronger reason. You had?your democratic brethren thnujbnut the State had, with peculiar unanimity, and none more heartily ihan myself?designated aiioiher one of our dis tinguished democrats as their first choice for the first office in the country. [A voice, 'Th.ee cheers for old Matty.'] (Laughter.) Enough on that topic." THE DERNIER RESORT. The following from the Albany Argus is a frank avowal lhat it will never do for the Loco focos to rest their case before the jury of public opinion upon its naked uieriis?upon the impor tant measures of national policy about which par ties are divided, and that their only hope lies in harping upon the exploded calumny upon the character of Mr. Clay in reference to his accept ance of office under Mr. Adams. No better evi dence could be furnished of the despicable base ness of Locofoco demagogues, and of the misera -ble strait to which they are reduced. Principle is out of the question. To contend for principle in one quarter of the Union is otjly to fjrnish weapons to the Whigs in another. So completely have the party confounded all common sense and honesty in the late Baltimore Convention?so completely have the majority of the party stulti fied themselves knocked under, and abandoned their princip'es, by selecting an out-and-out free trade immediaieiet, that they dare not go before the country with the lie in their mouths, that they have any principles of any sort. The Argus and other kindred prints at the North do well to give up the conte.?t upon principles, and to set about the galvanization of long buried calumnies upon Mr. Clay. It is all they have left to harp upon after the unconditional surrender made by the " numerical majority" to the domineering "chiv alry." It requires a degree of hard hood like that of the Angu-ta Age, to pretend any further sym pathy for the manufacturing interests. The fol lowing is from 'he Albany Argus : " We repeat the suggestion which we have heretofore made to our Democratic brethren of the press, that in no way c n iliey do a better ier v ce to the cau-e than by holding up to p iblic view the political career of the chosen candidate of hi Wl igs f. r the Pres dential office, and par ticularly the facts connected with his memorable bargain and a liauce with Mr. Adam* in 18.5. They will fin I all the essential facts presetted in a cear and conclusive manner in the address ol ?he Ohio committee, and we tru*t they will lose no time in giving it wing. N<>w is the time to sow the good seed, if we would reap the harvest in November " THir, LlbEL UN JUNIUS. The New Yoik Tribune, in noticing the arti cte which we published a tew days ago from the Old Dominion, at Portsmouth, Virginia, speaks in plain terms about the utter falsity of the elate inent, and declares the reierend gentleman then alludtd to as the author of the tracts, to be (what any one might easily have guessed) a L'tcofucn. The Tribune holds the Richmond Enquirer re sponsible for copying the article, and says that " we give the Enquirer fair notice, that if tine last he is not promptly and fully relrac'eil\n their c luinns, they will be held 10 answer f r it in a Court of Justice. We will see whether the laws aflUrd no protection against calumnies like these." KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE. We yesterday called attention to some extract* from one of the leading Locofoco newspapers of New England, the Augusta Age, in which it is boldly, though falsely, asserted that Mr. Polk is as much the friend of Protection as Mr. Clay ; and that ihe " Democracy" are and always have been the advocates of Protection. The latter is perfectly true of the Northern "Democracy," while the Southern " Democracy" are plotting measure* to counteract them by dissolving the Union. It is equally true that a Protective Tariff has never been passed without the aid of Locofo co votes. The mean, cowardly truckling of the leaders of the Northern Locofocos at the Baltimore con vention to the haughty airs of the "Chivalry," is rendered painfully manifest by the efforts that are made to hold to the principles of the majority while supporting the men of the minority. What a humiliating attitude ! A large majority, from the poor-spirited ness their leader?, yielding to the dictation of a proud, uncompromising minority ! If Northern Locofocos have a spark of manly pride?we mean the mass, for the demagogues who have duped them are as destitute of honor able pride aH they are of patriotism?if the rank and file of Northern Democracy are worthy to be called freemen, they will resent and resist the efforts that have been made to enroll them as the " white slaves" of the " C livalry." Wo have heard of compromises often, and if we have not totally misconstrued the term, it means that each of two parties yisld something f r the sake of harmony and the general good? but until the Locofoco Baltimore convention we never henrJ of an instance in which one side, and that the majority, w is required to yield ALL, not for the good of all, but in order that the ben efit might "enure" to the minority. However, Mr. Calhoun declared that he abandoned the Whigs because the victory had not enured to the Chivalry, and when he embraced the Locofo cos we presume it was with the tacit, if not the written understanding, that he and his friends proper were to have the lion's share of the spoil. IMMEDIATE AN.SEXATION?A RUMOR It is currently rumored here that his Excelleny the President has negotiated and will in a few days ratify a treat/ for the immediate annexation of a " better half" to himself. It. is thought that h^ will be permitted to make this important ac qnisition without interference from any quarter. Mr. P?>lk even, who has boldly mounted the Cap tain's Texas hobby, will be quiescent, in the pre sent case, it ib thought, since he has already more matrimonial territory than he can bring u i der successful cultivation. His Excellency left Washington this morning, escorted, among others, by the Hon. Thomas Lloyd, Esq. OLD AND YOUNG HICKORY. The Locofoco presses throughout the country have dubbed their candidate " Young Hickory," thinking doubtless that " Jimvy Polk, by any other nnme, Will smell bwee;er. Let ub 6ee how the opinions of these two nota ble Hickorye jibe on the constitutionality of a Protective Tariff: Old Hickory.?" The power to impose duties on impo.'ts originally belonged to the several States. The right to adjust those duties, with a view to the encouragement of the domestic branches of industry, is so completely incidental to that power, that it is difficult to suppose the existence of the one without the other. The Slates have delegated thpir whole authority over imports to the General Government, without lim itation or restriction, saving the very inconsidera ble reservation relating to their inspection laws. This authority having thus entirely passed from the Sta'es, the right. toex"rcUe it fur the purposes of protection does not exist in them; and, con sequent Iy, if it be not possessed by the General Government, it must be extinct. Our political system would thus present the anomaly of a peo ple stripped of the right to foster their own in dustry, and to counteract the most selfish and destructive policy which might be adopted by for eign na'ions. This emely canm t be the case. This indispensable power, thus surrendered by the States, must be within the scope of the au thority on the subject expressly delegated to Congress. In this conclusion, I am confirmed, as well by the opinions of Presidents Washing ton, 'Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, who have each repeatedly recommended the exerciee'of this right under the Constitution, as l>y the uniform practice of C mgrejs, the continued acquiescence of the St-ites, and the general understanding ot the people," The following are "Young Hickory's" views, as given jn a recent debate in Congress, and which li s friends have never contradicted : " Mr, Payne, in r?>ply, remarked that he had already staled that Mr. iMk expressly admitted and contended ihatthe power to lav impost duties was a revenue power, and in the whole scope of raising revenue, that that power was unlimited; bUl' HE L\1D NOT ONE FARTHING Full PROTECTION. Thit wa? a perversion of the power; it was converting a power which was given by the Irainers of the Constitution for a legitimate object to ail illegitimate object. Ami it wa* iipun tins ground th >t they all stood. This might be regarded as a full and perfect answer to the interrogatory of the gentleman." Clay and Co >n Skins?An Omen !?General Cass attended a Locofoco meeting at Ypsilanti, a frw days since. He condescended to '? look on" while ihe salute was being fired. In loading the last gun, the Generates friends u-ed Coon skins for wadding, and then tilled up the vacancy with ClAjY ! When the match was applied, the gun rxplttded?prostrating about a dozen Locofocos Fortunately, no very serious injury occurred ; tilt ? he incident should teach the gentlemen Locos rflat " Clay and Coon skin#" are death to Loco focoiain. A FLASH IN THE PAN. The LtcoAico meeting at Piecataway, Prince George'd county, Maryland, 011 last Friday, was an out-and-out failure. Jan;ei Hoban, E q., of ihis ci'y, one of the expounders of the principles of modern democracy, went down for the purpose of enlightening the people; but it seems they did not require any more light, especially such aB he proposed to give, and no mee'ing assembled,? the dint.er prepared was uneaten, and the expound er came home undelivered of his speech. Thus it is with our unfortunate friends, the Polk-ats; we sincerely deplore their misfortunes, for we are convinced, had the aforesaid speech been deliv ered to a respectable audience, there would have been more Whigs after than before its delivery? we believe this sincerely ; all that is required in this neighborhood is, that they should declare their principles to make any reflecting man quit the party. A good hit.?Katlibun, who represents Cay uga and Seneca counties in Congress, made a speech a few days since, in which he said Clay must be a despot, because his name commences with a C, as did Caesar's, Caligula's, and Crom well's. The Auburn Journal says that, adopting this rule of judgment of a man's character, Mr. Rathbun must be a terrible hard case; for h:s name begins with R, as do the words Rogue, Rob ber, Rascal, Ragamuffin, &c., &c. The Troy Budget has secured Polk's election by the following arguments, which cannot fail to strike every one as potent, unanswerable, and irresistible: " His hair is precisely the color of that which Jefferson wore, before time had faded it, and his eyes are of the same shade as were those of Washington and B >naparte ! The Nashville Union, a Locofoco paper, states that Mr. Polk had accepted the nomination for ihe Presidency, and that hU letter of acceptance has been forwarded to the committee. The Locolocos say Mr. lJolk is "a tried demo? crat." True : he has been twice " tried" in Tennessee and condemned. He will be executed in November. Trusten Polk, Esq., nominated E ector for the Seventh District, in Missouri, on the Locofoco ticket, in place of A. L. Magennis, Esq., deposed, declines the appointment. The Locofocos say Clay fought a duel; ar.d Mr. Payne, a Locofoco member of Congress, says Polk icon Id have done so had he not been a cow ard.?Rock. Dem. A gentleman at S(. Louis, from Smta Fe, re ports that that p[ace is now open to all who wish to trade there. General Martinez has entered upon the discharge of his duties as Governor. The Whigs of Maine are to have a grand con vention on Wednesday next, at Augusta. It i^ understood that Daniel Webster will be preseut and make an addreaR. BEAUTIFUL AND CONSISTENT. " There wiu lime in their sock." Two political meetings were held in Brooks lyn, last evening. The l,ocofoco pow-wow wa lield in a large mom of the City liolel, and in their Club room, in the rear of this building, the members of the Fourth Ward Clay Club as sembled about the name time. It was curious to watch the Locofocos as thpy entered iheir place of meeting; they looked uneasy, as though under the operation of some (earful influence which they could not resist. A faint cheer was heard, and the agitated Locofocos looked aghast and trembled. Presently the name of Clay was gently echoed round the hall, and the excitement ami agitation of the mystified Locos became tre mendous. The cheer and the name of Clay was borne upon the breeze from the Fourth Ward Clay Club room ; and, like the hand writing upon the wall at the least of tielshazzar, it carried alarm and ter?or to the political revellers. In their fright they cried aloud for adjournment to some other spot, and nothing loth th-y resolved to adjourn, and d.d so, to the enclosure within whose magic bound-1 slat ds the basement story of the City Hall. Here the L->coh assembled, and now they revelled and frolicked without lear and trembling, surrounded by the marble monu ments of their own folly and extravagance, they felt at home, and the ruins they themselves had made echoed the base meant falsehoods through the basement stories of that dreary pile. What a beautiful illustration the ruins of the City Hall presents of the destructive and disastrous dor trines of Locofocoism.?Brooklyn Advertiser of Friday. Mr. Featherstonhaugh, who travelled through this country several years since as a geologist, has been writing a work about the Uni ed States, which is said by the English journals to surpass in virulence of abuse the famous works of Trol lope, Marryatt, Hall, and Dickens. The Loudon Spectator says, ?? Uncouth language and behavior, even 011 the part of females, offensive and dis gusting conduct by the men, habitual blasphemy, with pure, unmitigated blackguardism and ruffian ism, and an universal worshiping of mammon su perseding every other object in life, stand out strikingly in the traveller's pages, wh. 1st his plain spoken, straight forward manner give an air of truth tu his pictures." Affairs at Nauvoo.? We have information a few hours laier Irom the Mormon country in Illi nois. Great excitement was produced at War saw by the ne*'n of the destruction of the office of the " Nauvoo Expositor," and a handbill was issued, inviting an appeal to arms At a later hour writs were procured at Carthage, the county seat ol Hancock county, and officers despatched to Nauvoo to arrest the persons concerned in the outrage. But this, we venture to say, will not be done. The law is powerless for good in that region. A rumor prevailed at Warsaw that J<>e Smith was arresting every in in at Nauvoo who wai opposed to, or would not justify his proceed ings.?St, Republican 0/ June 16. A GREAT WHIG MEETING IN SOUTII WALK?RECEPTION OF TI1E HON E. JOY MORRIS. A very large and enthusiastic Whig meeting wan held at Commissioners' Hal1, Southward, on Saturday evening. The object was to welcome in a cordial manner the Hon. E. Joy Morris, dm member of Congress for the First District, on liis return to his constituents. The reception was complimentary in the highest degree to the yoiinr*, but gifted and faithful representative. The Washington brats band was present, and played some animated aire, while the feeling that charac terized the hundreds of Whigs who were in at tendance was hearty and friendly, and indicated unequivocal approbation at the course pursued by Mr. Morris. The meeting was called to order by William M. Carteret, Esq., and was organized by the ap. pointmeni of John Ely, a revolutionary soldier, President, and sixteen Vice Presidents. On the appearance of the veteran, Mr. E'y. he was received wi^li a round of applause, for which he made a brief acknowledgement. Dr. Rutter then came forward, and alluded in eloquent and forcible terms to the efficient ai d faithful career of Mr. Morns as a representative, and concluded by submitting the following reoo lution, which was adopted by acclamation: Resolved, That our representative in Congress, the Hon. E. Joy Morris, by his perseverance and activity?his ardent exertions in Congress in ad vocating a just and liberal compensation to the honest laborer?his strenuous and able defence < f the tarift'of 1842?his exertions to procure an ap propriation for a dry Mock at the Philadelphia navy yard, and his establishment of the fact of its being the cheapest and best calculated for that object?together with his sound political views, and unflinching integrity and devotion to the gen eral interests of all. the people of the Fir<-t Con gressional Di-tnct, merits the warmest thanks from his constituents, which we now teniler to him on the part of the people of the First Con gressional District. Soon alter Mr. M. appeared, and wasreceivrd by prolonged and enthusiastic applause. We iiffver witnessed a livelier degree of satisfaction. The moment that the applause subsided, Mr. M. addressed the meeting for some time, and with much ability. The vast crowd adjourned in fine spirits, but not before tliev had given nine cheers f-r CI, AY, FRELINGHUYSEN, and MARKLE.?P/ula. Inquirer. At the great Mass Meeting of the Whigs of the District, held at the City Hall on Monday evening, the 17th inst., the following resolutions, prepared by the Corresponding Secretary of the Clay Club of Washington, were intended to be submitted, but the call for speakers, the lengih and rapid succession of the speeches and sonj^r, and the absence of the framer of the resolution at the commencement of the meeting, prevented them fioin being submitted. They were, how. ever, read by several persons, at the meeting, who regretted that, as an expression of the feel ings of the citizens of the District, no opportunity was afforded to submit them: Whereas, by the Constitution, the power to exercise exclusive legislation over this District has been vested in tlie Congress of the United States, that they might legislate for the good of the whole Union with greater security and fre doin from annoyance; but it was not intended by the trainers of that instrument, that becau.-e the people of this District were to be deprived of the elective franchise, they were, therefore, to be re duced to the abject condition of mere lax es or serf ; ,and, whereas, the same Constitution, as one of the esesntial elements of freedom, having guaranteed to the people of the United S'ates the liberty of Kp^ech aid of the press; it could never have been contemplated by the fathers of the republic tha', for the exercise of this privilege, so essential 10 ihe existence of a'l free governments, the people we c to be subjected to puni.-hment. Therefore, Resohnd, T.'iat this mee'ing regards the con duct of the Locofnco majority of the House of Representatives, during the late se.-sion, in rr jpcfing almost every bill or measure iiiiroi'ured for the benefit i f this District, as an attempt to dragoon and pumsh its inhabitants into subin s sjou for daring to assemble in mass meeting, and to exercise the common privileges of freemen and of their fellow citizens of the several State-, by giving a public expression to their political opin ion and preferences; and that they consider such an attempt as not only unconstitutional, but whol ly at variance with the true character ot hioh minded and honorable representatives of a Iree people. Resolved, That such specimens of Democracy are not only evidences of a reckless and de-potic disposition, but eminently injurious to tne charac ter of a free government, and that though depri ved of the elective franchise, the people of the District know their rghts, and will not he de terred from exercising thein 011 ail proper occa sions, by the petty despotism or menaces of mt n who, for the misfortune of their country, ha\ e been elevated to the rank of legislators of the nation. Resolved, That the inhabitants of this District hate been taught to regard tha representative* of the people as their own immediate representatives, and had supposed that, placed as they h ive been by the Constitution, under their special charge and fosiering care, justice as well as humani y would dictate a mi d and parental treatment, ai d that though irresponsible, they would, neverthe less, feel themselves bound by the btrongest obli gations of duty to take a deep interest in their prosperity and welfare; but when they see men who bate been sent to represent their interests not only treat them with utter disregard and ton tempt, but legislate with an ? bvious determina tion to inflict punishment and injury, by rejecting laws the peculiar exigencies of their Coudiinn absolutely demand, and passing others they nei ther ask lor or require, but which, are in (Hi t, ad verse to their interests ; they cannot but feel mat virtuous indignation which a Beubfi of wrong ai d oppression never fails to prockjee, and both as men and American citizens they deem it their painful duty, on this occasion, to express in the strongest terms, their dinarpiobatiuii of conduct as oppressive aa it was unjust and ungei erou?, and which, sympathizing with them as the people of this country must, will, they believe, receive the unqualified condemnation of every high-miad? ed citizen of the republic.