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THE WHIG STANDARD.
"King Of the free, thy fold* nhnll fly. The >l?ii of hope nnd triumph nigh." FOB PRESIDENT, HENRY CLAY. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, THEODORE FRELINGHITYSEN. WASHINGTON. WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOV'R6,1644. A REQUEST. We are always glad to eee our friends, and to eupply them with whatever information we have ; but we must insist that our composing room shall not be made a place of general resort. They must see the necessity of observing this request. THE NATURALIZATION LAWS. Chief Justice Nelaon, of New York, has re cently made a decision upon an application for naturalization which, if rigidly adhered to in every instance, would go far to disarm Locofocoism of one of its most potent engines of mischief. In truth, the decision of Judge Nelson cannot be properly styled a legal inference, as the act of Congress of 1813, upon which it is based, could not be otherwise construed. By the terms of that act no person shall be admitted to citizenship who has not resided continually in the United States for five years, " without at any time being out of the territory of the Unit?d States." Upon the unequivocal language of this act Judge Nelson decided that an applicant for naturali zation who came to this country in 1836, but who in September of last year, in passing from Genessee to Ogdensburg, on Lake Ontario, land ed for a few moments upon the Canada shore, thereby forfeited his right to citizenship. He thereby placed himself in the situation of an emi grant, and must spend five years more in the country before he can become a citizen. It ia not very apparent that any evil would arise from allowing foreigners to be naturalized who may have been temporarily absent during the probationary term of five years; but the law of 1813 would not have been passed, it iB fair to presume, if a practical evil had not been found to result from the less restricted naturalization act j of 1802. It cannot be without its use, at any rate, in carrying into effect the primary regulation aa , to the term of residence necessary to citizenship. There is no doubt that the present naturalization laws of this country, in tiie hands of the corrupt judges of tho Locofoco party, are little better than a dead letter. Foreigners are admitted to citizenship without making any inquiries as to the term of their residence, the only qualification being a willingness to subserve the purposes of Locofoco demagogues. Of this we havo proof in the conduct of Judge Elliot at New Orleans , and in no other way can the vast numbers natu ralized in the cities on the eve of every election be accounted for. We see it stated that in New York there have been some two hundred natu ralized every day for ten days past, and in Cin cinnati twelve hundred were naturalized upon the eve of the State election. In Illinois a foreigner is admitted to the rights of a citizen within six month? after entering the State, and when once permitted to vote at State elections, of course there is no impediment to voting in the federal elections. The Constitu. tion is thus violated in tho most shameless man. ner. The ignoranco of our country aud its institu tions which prevails in every pirt of Europe is proverbial. Even in E.iglaud, a country speak ing the same language with ourselves, the gross est blunders in relation to American geography, history, and politics, are of daily occurrence ; and manv of the best writers of that country display an ignorance of America which is unaccountable. They have literally no idea of the party divisions in this country ; and generally seem to imagine that parties in thia country stand upon the same ground which is occupied by the great parties of England. If enlightened Englishmen are so ig norant of America, what must be expected of the laboring classes of Ireland and Germany 1 They have been taught, and correctly taught, that the democracy in England, France, Ireland, and Germany, is opposed to the aristocracy , and they naturally suppose on their arrival here that those who call themselves " the Democracy, are the humbler class, and that their opponents, the Whigs, are the advocates of principles inimical to universal freedom and equality. For this rea son, nearly all foreigners immediately on their arrival in this country, attach themselves to the Loeofoec*; but it is generally the case that the more intellifent of them change to the Whigs so ?oon as they become acquainted with the real .tate of the country and the principles of parties. We think, therefore, thst it behooves tho peo ple of this country to look well to the natural nation laws. MR WICKLIFFE IN THE FIELD. We have been informed by a gentleman of Fairfax, that the Postmaster General, Mr. Wick lifFe, took an active part in the eloction in that county in behalf of Mr. l'olk. The service ren dered by Mr. Wickliffe consisted in endorsing tho election returns put forth by those enlighten ed champions of tho public liberty, Messrs. Seng stack and Tovvles. The news from Pennsylva nia being thought favorable to Mr. Polk, these worthies expected to uso it to confirm the waver- J ing, or to intimidate tho feeble-willed by brandish ing that terrible thing, "a triuviph," in their faceH. This is certainly a very contcmptable oc cupation for the Postmaster General. It reminds ue, by tho way,of a remark of Mr. Jefferson. In a letter to one of his friends, we believe it is, Mr. Jefferson says, that when he saw an office-holder busying himself with elections, and attempting to influence the people in favor of his party, " ho could not help suspecting that the fellow was thinking of his bread." Gen. Jackson also dep recated the idea of bringing the patronage of the Federal Government into conflict with the free dom of elections. But, after all, Mr. Wickliffe has done no great harm to tho Whigs, or good to his party. An officer of Stato who has wandered so far in the ways of corruption, as to pay the editor of a news paper for his editorials out of the public Treasu ry, can give little weight to tho statement of even Sengetack and Towles ; the good people of Fair fax would, therefore, be likely to demur to the endorsement of the Postmaster General. WITHDRAWAL OF MR. PHCENIX. The New York Tribune of yesterday morning says that the Hon. J. Phillips Phoenix requests us to announce the withdrawal of his name from the Congressional canvass in the Third District. Wo deeply regret this withdrawal of our faithful, wor thy, and beloved Representative, whom some of the people will vote for in spite of his request. Unassuming, mild, and deferential, we know that he has boen esteemed in Congress as he deserves to be, and has thus been enabled to render good service to his constituents. Mr. P. withdraws, as under other circumstanccs he would have stood, because he believes the country's good urgently demands it. He will ever be, as he has been, a devoted champion of the good Whig cause, and will give to it his best energies to-day. John H. Williams, Esq., the Whig candidate of the Fourth Congressional district, in the city of New York, has declined the nomination tendered him by the Whig party. The venerable John Q. Adams addressed an overflowing assembly of his constituents in the church at Braintree, Massachusetts, for about two hours, on Wednesday. Tuis gentleman, in company with the Hon. 8. C. Philips, is an nounced to address the Whig party at Bridge water on Wednesday, to-day. The Lucy Walker.?The Mayor of Louis ville has informed the Common Council of that city, that lie had taken tho responsibility to fur nish the survivors of the ill-fated Lucy Walker, with clothes and other necessaries, required by the sudden and appalling accident that had oc curred. The Common Council on their first meeting, unanimously appropriated ?1,000 to meet the contingencies roferred to. This is truly a praiseworthy and honorable charity. The Hooster State.?A gentleman in Indi ana, who understands well the state of parties there, writes thus to a house in Cincinnati: " Accept our thanks for the way in which you have used up Locofocoism in your State. We shall have a hard fight in our State, but tell your Whigs that we shall beat the Locos3,000 votes ccrtainly, and probably 0,000. North Carolina.?We say to our friends a broad, that let what other State that may, disap point the expectations of the Whigs, the " Old North State " will record her vote on Monday next for CLAY and FRELINGHUYSEN. Our accounts from every quarter of the State, leave not a loop to hang a doubt on.?Raleigh Regis ter, Nov. 1. Serious Affray.?Monday afternoon, about two o'clock, an affray took place at ttie Twelfth Ward polls. It appears that some altercation took place between some persons of the Locofoco party and a Whig named Jacob B. Miller, arising out of an attempt of the former to prevent a man who was in the employ of Miller, from voting the Whig ticket. Miller interposed and was at once assailed with abuse and threats of personal in jury, followed up by demonstrations of an imme diate assault. He retreated and was pressed over to the other side of tho street until he reached the store of Mr. Matthew Clarke. By this time he had been struck several blows and the cry was?" kill him ! kill him !" An effort was made lo get him into the store, which was finally suc cessful. He was so closely pressed, however, in getting in, that after repeated warning to that effect, he drew a pistol and fired upon his assailants. The crowd became at this still more violent, and 6toncs were thrown through the windows of the house, when he again fired twice. One shot only took effect, the ball striking a man named William Stewart, a resident of the west ern part of the city, and the leader of the assail ing parly, in the left shoulder. By this time, the Mayor and High Constable Shutt had reached the spot, and the former, by judicious and active interposition, succeeded in getting Miller out of the house, and placed him in charge of an officer, who took him before Justice Blair. He was fol lowed by an immense crowd, abusing, threaten ing, and throwing stones at him. The Mayor, in order to prevent any difficulty, also went to the magistrate's office. After Miller was taken into the office, considerable tumult was kept up with out. The Mayor addressed the crowd briefly, and so far succeeded in allaying the excitement that they permitted Miller to be brought out and placed in a hack, when ho wa? conveyed to jail. Medical assistance was obtained for Stewart, but the wouud proved in no wise serious..?Bait. Am. presidential election returns. CONNECTICUT! ALL HAIL! ALL HAIL! From the New York Tribune. Our firBt express by locomotive from Hartford I and horses from New Haven is just in, bringing returns from nearly half the State. Hartford, New Haven, and Fairfield counties are nearly complete. The result is glorious. The Clay electors are chosen in the State by 2,500 to 3,000 majority. In New Haven county alone we have a gain of 600 from last spring, when Governor Baldwin had 1,247 over Cleveland. Nobody can I protend to doubt that that majority is more than doubled. Now, three cheers for the gallant Wliigs of Connecticut, and up, boys, and at | them ! NEW HAVEN COUNTY. November, 1844. April, 1814. Clay. Polk. Whig. Loco. New Haven 1735 1207 1484 1143 Bethany 80 135 75 137 Branford 112 200 101 172 | Cheshire 190 189 194 196 Derby 354 261 342 289 East Haven 215 97 202 101 Guilford 209 203 194 208 1 Hamden 110 maj. 120 219 Madison 198 165 187 168 Meriden 206 248 171 233 Milford 381 98 365 114 ?Naugatuc 8 maj. (In Waterbury) North Branford 118 124 120 119 North Haven 149 161 163 171 Orange 135 96 146 105 Oxford 141 198 147 182 Prospect 67 54 68 54 Southbury 174 153 147 151 Wallingford 156 244 152 249 Waterbury 349 257 411 410 Wolcott 53 85 44 79 Woodbridge 118 96 122 106 Total 5154 4178 4955 4606 Clay's majority 976?Baldwin's majority 349 Middlebury to come in?will carry Clay's ma jority in the county over 1,000. r Gain over last April 600. * New Town. HARTFORD COUNTY. Clay. Polk. Whig. Hartford 1500 1052 1477 Avon 143 57 147 Berlin 374 372 345 Bristol 325 238 308 Bloomfield 128 201 132 East Hartford 289 294 285 East Windsor 414 268 411 Enfield 305 176 301 Farmington 183 196 167 Glastenbury 190 maj. 217 Granby 289 289 258 Manchester 228 166 214 Marlborough 89 72 80 Simsbury 206 173 186 Suffield 250 253 221 Wethersfield 275 245 276 Windsor 237 318 209 Rocky Hill 104 122 108 Total 5339 4782 5342 4778 Gazette office, Norwalk, Nov. 4, '44 FAIRFIELD COUNTY. Twelfth Senatorial District. Town?. Norwalk New Canaan Wilton Darion Stamford Greenwich Total 1870 1346 1615 1219 Whig maj. 524. Do. in April, 396. Gain, 130 ! The vote is large, and the Whig majority hand some indeed?better than the expectations of the most sanguine. Tenth Senatorial District. Towns. Clay. Polk. Fairfield 228 maj. Bridgeport 512 397 Stratford 194 149 Trumbull 151 146 Huntington 128 141 Weston 177 267 Monroe ' 95 201 Westport 219 199 Total 1702 1500 1675 1661 Clay's maj. 202. Do. in April, 14. Gain, 188! Eleventh Senatorial District. Towns. Clay. Polk. Whig. Loco. Danbury 543 506 486 502 Ridgefield 288 202 276 189 Reading 198 169 174 148 Newtown 319 307 291 304 Brookfield 142 170 138 163 New Fairfield 88 100 100 104 Sherman 47 148 89 190 Total 1625 1602 1554 1600 MIDDDESEX COUNTY. Middletown 649 642 567 617 Portland 207 196 175 202 Wh g gain in two towns, 95 ! LITCHFIELD COUNTY. Woodbury 241 270 ' 224 238 Loco gain, 19k VIRGINIA. 1840. 1814. CountieH, itc. liar. V. B. Clay. Polk. King (ieorge 39 ? 49 ? Greensville ? 46 ? 63 Hanover ? 12 77 ? Fairfax 45 ? 20 ? Hampshire 124 ? ? 11 Jefferson* 75 ? 127 ? Frederick* 12 ? ? 51 Berkeley 227 ? 104 ? Clerke ? 17 ? 25 Shenandoalif ? 1116 ? 1200 Rockinghamf ? 1118 ? 1500 Paget ? 473 ? 700 Princess Anne 128 ? 90 ? Norfolk Borough 231 ? ? Norfolk county 83 ? 20 ? Nansemond 124 ? 117 ? Elizabeth City 56 ? 9 ? Isle of Wight ? 447 ? 442 Southampton 6 ? ? 42 * Polls kept open in portions of these counties threo days. f As the correctness of these returns are doubt ed, we will state that, if unusual efforts have been 1 made, full returns might possibly have been re ceived at Winchester, from Shenandoah, when the cars left the former placo for Baltirnoro ; but, by no effort, could full returns have been received from Rockingham and Page, at Winchester, at the hour the cars left for Baltimore. We re ceived a slip from the Winchester Republican, dated on Tuesday morning, which not only says nothing of these returns, but does not even give full returns from the county (Frederick) in which it is printed. Returns from Shenandoah and Rockingham have never heretofore been received in Winchester in less than twenty-four hours after the election, and from Page, in less than three or four days. It is possible that the major ities in these counties are something near what, in our opinion, has been guessed, but we are sat isfied full returns could not have been received from them. OHIO. We have the following reported returns of the election held in this State on Friday, which are compared with the vote for Governor in October, when the Whigs carried the State by about 1,300. The majorities only are given. For Governor. For President. Counties. Whig. Loco. Clay. Polk. Belmont 214 ? 314 ? Clarke 1192 ? 1328 ? Fairfield ? 1182 ? 1097 Franklin 393 ? 471 ? Guernsey 49 ? 116 ? Harrison 205 ? 285 ? Jefferson ? 25 29 ? Licking ? 413 ? 313 Madison 568 ? 668 ? Muskingum 1116 ? 1299 ? Perry ? 739 ? 746 Pickaway 77 ? 226 ? Gallia 528 ? 681 ? Washington 350 ? 567 ? Ross 693 ? 963 ? Montgomery 61 ? 288 ? Huron 295 ? 374 ? Delaware 444 ? 546 ? Union 262 ? 303 ? Morgan ? 44 ? 28 Columbiana ? 542 ?? 330 Coshocton ? 407 ? 357 Sciota 364 ? 504 ? Warren 992 ? 1052 ? Butler ? 1348 ? 1394 Champaign 589 ? 662* ? Greene 983 ? 1044 ? Hamilton ? 1885 ? 1764 Knox ? 573 ? 589 Miami 849 ? 914 ? Clinton 423 ? 600 ? Shelby ? 12 205 ? Highland ? 10 42 ? Logan 588 ? 675 ? Pike ? 102 172 ? Athens 475 ? 595 ? Marion 21 ? ? 35 Hocking ? 545 ? 646 Crawford ? 538 ? 600 Tuscarawas 271 ? 318 ? Carroll 61 ? 115 ? 12063 8365 15456 7899 8365 7899 3698 7557 Maryland election. The following is the result, as far as ascertain ed, of the Presidential election held in Maryland on the 4th instant. The comparison is made with the Gubernatorial Election held on the 2d Octo ber last: W. L. F. W. L. F. Counties. Clay. Pelk. Pratt. Carroll. Allegany maj. 24 1433 1520 Anne Arundel 200 1730 1650 Baltimore city 8414 8887 7968 9190 Baltimore county 248 551 Calvert 108 462 395 Carroll 1784 1691 1831 1731 Cecil 1527 1503 1525 1585 Frederick 199 3132 3104 Harford 200 1490 1411 Kent 191 701 544 Montgomery 266 1085 905 Prince George's 385 1027 749 Washington 73 2632 2576 13,371 12,329 25,016 25,911 12,329 25,016 1,042 895 CHARLES COUNTY. Port Tobacco, Nov. 5, 1844. Dear Sir : Our election is over, and we have gained 57 votes in three districts, to wit: Hill Top 22, Coome's 15, Allen's Fresh 20, Bryan town to be heard from. So far it stands : Hill Top - ? 32 majority. Coome's - 93 M Allen's Fresh - 46 " It is said that we will probably get 120 majori ty in Bryantown, but if we get the same majority as in October in that District, to wit, 87?our majority in the county will be 287?a gain of 57, In October the vote stood : Hill Top ? . jo majority. Allen's Fresh - - 26 " Coome's . 78 " Bryantown - 87 " 201 PENNSYLVANIA. Pennsyt,nania.?Some 14 or 15] counties are yet to be heard from. In the counties from which returns, reported and authentic, have been re ceived, the majority for I'olk is about 2,500 in round numbers, and some tables make it more. The Locofoco Electoral ticket is carried by proba bly 5,000 or 6,000 majority. We shall re publish the table of counties when further authentic re turns are received. Capt. Charles W. Skinner has been appoint ed to the command of the African squadron, and will go out in the U. S. ship Jamestown, now fit ting at Gosporf, to relievo Commodore Perry, Military.?Company K, of tho U. S. Artil lery, under command of Lieut. Hunt, arrived in Baltimore on Saturday, from Charleston, and proceeded on Monday night to Carlisle in a spe cial train of cars, via York, Lancaster, and Har risburg. Died, at Little Itock, Arkansas, on the 8th ult. of apoplexy, 1st Lieut. William Bowman, of the First Regiment U. S. Dragoons, lie was interred by the " Li.tie Rock Guards," with mil itary honors, and tho ceremonies, at tho church and the grave, were numerously attended by the citizens. It is estimated that the recent Mormon war will cost the State of Illinois $20,000. The aggre gate expense incurred during the year on account of the Mormons, will not fall short of #50,000. 1'REE 1 rade.?When too late to expose the principles of the free trade party, they grow bold in defenco of their doctrines. Thus the election beginning to-day, the Post of last night admits an appeal to the friends of free trade to vote for 1 oik. Americans, at least, whether native or adopted citizens, who vote for Polk and Dallas, will repent of it in dust and ashes. N' Y- Express of yesterday. Col. Jacob G. Davies, elected on the 21st of October to serve as the Chief Executive officer of this city for the period of two years, was sworn in and entered upon the discharge of the duties of the office yesterday morning about eleven o clock. The oath of office was administered by Mayor James O. Law. the late Mayor, who^e term of service expired when Col. Davies was sworn in.?Baltimore American, Nov. 5. Savage Rencontre.?Last evening there wns one of those disgraceful riots, which have brought shame upon the city and Fire Department. 13 The rowdies belonging to the Weccacoe Hose, attacked the Weccacoe Engine Company's Hose, on Queen street, with brickbats and other mis siles. A general fight ensued, in the course of which a member of the Weccacoe engine company was terribly beaten with a club, and two more were badly shot in the face, by the discharge of a pistol loaded with small shot. The members of the Weccacoe finally retired into their engine house, and that terminated the fight for tho time.?Philad. U. S. Gaz. Advices from Barbadoes to October 12, make no mention of any hurricane in that quarter. As accounts fro... St. Jago de Cuba, St. Domingo, St. Croix, and Vera Cruz, have been received, of a later date than the destructive hurricane felt on the North side of Cuba, and generally in the di rection of the Gulf stream, it is probable that all the places within its scope have been heard from. Destruction of the Nestorun Mission. Our advices from Constantinople of 27ih Sep tember announce the expulsion of the Missiona ries from the Nestorian country, by the Patriarch. The Missionary houses were torn down and the' property destroyed, Mar Sbimoua threatening to excommunicate any of his people who should hold intercourse with the Missionaries. This re sult is said to have been brought about by an at tempt on the part of the Presbyterian or Metho dist Missionaries to obtain the supremacy, im mediately after the Roman Catholic Missionaries had been expelled from the Territory. The Nes torians now occupy their ancient position, and re fuse to receive Missionaries from any Christian sect. They believe this to be the only safe posi tion for their temporal and spiritual welfare. N. Y. Sun. The SnowStokm on the Lakes?More Dis asters.?In consequence of the severs er.ow storm, the little steamer Emerald, from Buffalo for Chippewa, lost her course, and ran so hard on Bird Island, that she could not work herself off by steam. A boat was lowered, and a kedge anchor carried out for the purpose o! hauling her off. When the small boat was lust >ecn by peo ple on shore it was capsized, drifting down the river, with two men hanging on it up to their necks in the water. The schoner Philadelphia is ashore at Cleveland, with a load of wheat from Michigan city, to King & Co., of Buffalo. Two schooners are ashore at Black River, bound up. Names not known. Brig Henry Clay was sunk at Milan with a cargo of merchandise. The steamboat United States met the snow storm at Huron, and lay there from Sunday morning till VVednosday morning at two o'clock. The "brier Emerald is ashore at Black River, with a load "f wheat from Chicago. Daring Robbery,?lulormation was given to the police yesterday by the runner of the Bank I of the Northern Liberties, that in the morning about 10 o'clock he was robbed of his w allet con taining $8,100, while passing along Sixth stieet near Market. He states that it was railin g quite fast at the time ; that he was met by five or six men, one of whom laid hold of him by the throat, while the others in some way did him personal violence. Upon giving the alarm, Several citi zens came to him, but the fellows had decamped. He soon after discovered that the wallet had been' taken from the inside coat pocket. This is cer tainly one of the most darng acts we have heard of for some time in our city.?Phila. American. Canal Tolls.? I'he Buffalo Courier says: " 1 he largest canal toll ever taken in one day in this city was taken at the collector's office on Wednesday, viz: $12,456 44. Many of the boats clear for Lockport, there to pay toll again, as forwarders find that they can procure bank fa cilities more easily there than here. Had the tolls through been paid here, the amount would have been over $20,000 " A New Guano Island.?A new island for the guano trade, called the Mercury, was lately dis covered in lat. 25 42 south, long 14 58 east. It is a mile in circumference, and three quarters of a mile from the southwest point of Spencer's Bay, and one mile and a half from the northwest point of that. bay. Both passages are ea*y to take, and perfectly clear. The best anchorage is on the east side of the island, one and a half cable's length from its shore, in five fathoms, on a bot tom of sand and clay. Near the full and chance of tho moon a heavy swell often sets into the south part of the bay, and renders it there unsafe for anchorage. There can be little doubt that, like Ichaboe, Mercury Island is stocked with guano.