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THE WHIG- STANDARD.
' Pmg of tlie free, Ihy faliU slinll tly, The of liopc nnil nl<;!?." FOR PRESIDENT, HENRY CLAY. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, THEODORE FKELINGHUYSEN. WASHINGTON. SATURDAY EVENING, NOV'R 16, 1844. THE WHIG STANDARD. With this number of the Daily and Weekly the publication of the Whig Standard ceases, for the present. We commenced our journal for the Presiden tial campaign, ivhich has just terminated. The patronage which we have received, both for the Daily and Weekly paper, was intended, for the most part, doubtless, to be bestowed during the campaign. But even if it were to be continued, it would not, without a very considerable in crease, be sufficient to change our resolve to discontinue the publication of the paper at this time. As the present number of the Weekly Stan dard closes the series for which we received subscriptions, our obligations to our subscribers will thus have been fulfilled, and we could not ask for or receive further subscriptions, unless we could see the way clear to continue the paper for another twelvemonth. In thus severing tho medium of intercourse which has existed between us and our subscribers, and which, to us, 011 many accounts, has been a source of much pleasure and gratification, as we hope it has somewhat of edification and instruc tion to them, we take pride in saying that, to the best of our poor ability, we have done our duty to a noble and a1 glorious cause, which wo hon estly believe was honorably struggling to promote and porpotuato thfi hnul intorMlo aT anr country j. and that we have conscientiously stood by, sup ported, and defended, as the great candidate and standard-bearer of our cause, HENRY CLAY, ot Kentucky, wiio is, in our estimation, the first and greatest living Statesman of the Age, and more deserving of the gratitude and support of the whole American people than any other man ha* been sinco the days of Wash ington. We have no regrets, personally or otherwise, except that our cause has not been triumphant. Our candidate has received, in every State, we believe, a larger vote than was even cast for Gen eral Harrison, four years ago, when ho beat Mr. ^ < n Buren by the astounding majority of 146,000! and jot lie has been defeated ! Wo havealreadv descanted freely upon tho means by which this result, which we believe will provu most disas trous to the country, has been brought about. It is enough, now, to know that we are beaten, and, as good citizens, shouid submit as well a* we can, to whatever measures the coming-in Administra tion m?y choose to saddle the country with. At the same time, we call (here 111 tho last number of the Whig Standard that will bo issued, tor the present, and while taking leave of our readers,) upon all good and true Whigs to stand by each other, firmly and unitedly, in the faith ful advocacy and maintainance of their correct Principles, so that when the time for action again rolls round, they will be found, as they must be, unless their principles are in the main adopted and carried out by their adversaries, in the majority. Should it be found advisable, at a future and not remote day, after the Whigs from various parts of the country have had time to interchange sentiments, to resume the publication of this paper, and proper exertions are made to give it a patronage that will justify the undertaking, we will meet the call with pleasure. Nothing is more congenial to our feelings, we confess, than to give constant, untiring, and as far as in us l.es, well armed battle to Locnfocoism ! Sooner or later it must come down; and although we are noi ab;e to follow up the chase, we are determined to be in at the death, to partake of the heartfelt re joicing which will then make the whole heavens joyful, and a "redeemed, regenerated, and dis enthralled ' people glad ! To our brethren of the Whig press, who have so kindly reciprocated favors with us, we tender our sincere and heartfelt thanks. We hope and trust that each and all of thern may continue to uphold the good old cause, and that they will press forward will, unabated zeal, maintaining the just principles of the Whig pabtv. ID"We bog leave to remind our friends that we still continue our Printing Office, and will receive with p'easure all orders in the different branches of the business. Office on Sixth street, cast bide, four doors south of Pennsylvania Ave nuo. THE UNION?ITS STABILITY. frome of our Whig brethren are giving way to an apprehension that the election of Mr. Polk will seriously endanger, if it does not infallibly produce a dissolution of the Union ; not from any upirit of revolt or disloyalty in the Whigs; but in purHuanceof a cherished purpose of the Nulli fiers on the one hand, a:id of the Abolitionists on tbe other. The Nullifiers will, it is thought, de mand the repeal of the Tariff and the Annexation of Texas, as a sine qua non to tlie continuance of j the Union ; and as they will, in all probability, not be gratified in both these particulars, it is be lieved that an attempt will be made t? dissolve iho Union, and set up a Southern Confederacy. Prom a President sympathizing with the Nulli fiers in all their free trade and annexation views little Executive efficiency can be expected. The Abolitionist*, on the contrary, will de mand a dissolution of the Union, if Texas is an. nexed; and, between Scylla and Charybdis, the ship of State, many apprehend, can not escape in safety. But we have not despaired of the Union. Whatever may bo the state of feeling upon tho subject at the South or the North?however un patriotic the iNullificrs or the Abolitionists, tho practical difficulties which 6tand in the way of their treasonable projects will bo found on trial to be insurmountable ; and may be relied on as the best guaranty for the permanence of the Union. We will briefly advert to some of the impedi ments which either the Nullifiers or the Aboli tionists must encounter before they can induce a separation of the North and South. If a South ern Convention were to assemble and resolve to withdraw from the Union, and form a Southern Confederacy, it would immediately become a question of arithmetic with those States which lie contiguous to the free States, whether they would gain or lose by the separation. The ad vantages of separation it is not very easy to per ceive. They could not expect to become manufac turers for the Southern Confederacy, as the Yan kees are for the Uninn at present ; because one of the principal inducements to such a separation would bo the establishment of free trade with Europe. In a confederacy composed entirely of Southern States, the planting interest would so entirely predominate over the mechanical and manufacturing, as to shut out from the latter all hope of receiving the fostering protection of Gov ernment. Tho Northern slave States, therefore, would not be likely to enter a Southorn Confed eracy with tho hope of monopolizing the market for manufactured goods. The only advantage (if it can be to called) which these States could promise themselves by joining tho Southern Confederacy, would be ihe hope of wounding and injuring the Northern States, by depriving them o! the unrestricted, and to some extent, the ex clusive trade of the Southern States. Such a feeling might perhaps operate for a short time upon an excited public mind; but would not be likely to prevail over the strong appeals of self interest and of personal security which would address them from the opposite quarter. A separation of the North from the South would be instantly followed by a universal rush of the slaves of Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri to the Northern Confederacy. The laws ot the Union which at present guarantee to the Southern people the possession of their slave property, and which require and enforce the re storation of a slave who escapes, with the pun. ishment of all who assist hiin, would be instantly abrogated by the act of separation. In such a state of things, slaves would not only be permit ted to enter the free States, but they would be invited and assisted, perhaps, by the Northern Confederacy to make their escape. These con. sidcrations, and many others equally important, could not fail to press upon the public mind of the Northern slave States, and they would be impelled by every motive of interest and safety to spurn the Southern alliance. The same con alterations would induce them to adhere to the Northern Confederacy. And not a doubt exists that the patriotic States of North Carolina and Tennessee would do likewise. The Union, if divided at all, must hence be severed by the line which separates North Caro lina and Tennessee from South Carolina and the Gulf States. It may be questioned whether those States could effect a separation against the wish oi the others ; but supposing the dissever ance to take place, they would cut but an indif lerent figure in the scale of nations. They could not unito with Texas, for the simple reason that the Northern Confederacy would demand a free navigation of the Mississippi, and both might and right would secure it to them. Tho Southern Confederacy, with a slave population equal to the free, would be exposed to the machinations of the Eugiish Abolitionists and the English Govern ment, and where would be their arm of strength to resist? They would become the victims of English philanthropy, and Texas, the El Dorado of the Nullifiers, would infallibly fall into the ands of England. Slavery would be abolished, and the worst apprehensions of Messrs. Calhoun and McDuffie would be realized. England is afraid, while the Union continues, to lay her lion's paw upon Texas; but dissolve it, and that country infallibly becomes a province or append age of the British crown. IJ0w futile would be the manifestos of Mr. Calhoun, at the head of his Southern Confederacy, to check the grasping am bition of England ! How vain tho impassioned eloquence of McDuffie! How ridiculous the brnvados of Hamilton ! It we had the time, we might descant at equal length upon the deep and abiding interest of the Northern States in the perpetuity of the Union. Without the South to consume, the North must cease to manufacture?must cease to produce a surplus of agricultural products, and must cease to import nearly all the foreign commodities that are at present introduced into the United States. The agriculture, manufactures, and commerce of the Northern States are deeply interested in the perpetuity of the Union, and its dissolution would be the ruin of them all. Indeed, so fully is this great pecuniary interest of the North in the Union appreciated, that the Southern agitators rely upon it in no small degree as an engine of terror to induce a relinquishment of the protective policy. It will, therefore, bo found far more difficult for the Nullifiers and the Abolitionists combined to effect a dissolution of the Union than might at first be imagined. When Yankees ceaso to value the advantages of trade and commerce in a vast and valuable homo market, and when Virginians Kentuckians, and Missourians cease to prizo the worth of their slaves, then may Nullification and Abolition hope for success in overturning the Union. WHO IS JAMES K. POLK? Go ask his neighbors, where he resides, and has resided from his boyhood! The vote of ] Columbia, his place of residence, 6tand6 as fol lows : For Henry Clay - - - 360 For James K. Polk . - 251 Majority for Clay - - 109 A man's rieighborx can generally tell who he is. The Newark Advertiser quotes the following fine lines from Byron, as appropriate to the Whig cause and party : " They never fail who die In r groal cause ; the block may soak their gore ; Their heads may sodden in the sun ; their limbs Ho strung to city gates and castle walls ! Out still their spirit walks abroad. Though years Elapse, and others share as dark a doom, They but augment the deep and sweeping thoughts Which o'erpowerall others, and conduct The world at last to freedom." PENNSYLVANIA. The Harrisburg Keystone gives the official re turns from all the counties in the State but Mc Kean, which county it estimates, and makes the results thus : Polk . - - 167 245 Clay . - - 160,863 Majority for Polk - * 6.392 Whole vote, 328,108 ; exoibiting an increase of 40,418 since 1840 MARYLAND?OFFCIAL. President. Nov. fiovcrnnr, Oct. Counties. Clay. Folk. Pratt. Carroll. Allegany 1424 1491 1433 1520 Anne Arundel 1777 1503 1730 1650 Baltimore city 8413 8886 7968 9190 Baltimore county 2301 2716 2153 2902 Calvert 451 344 462 395 Caroline 680 552 659 639 Carroll 1784 1694 1831 1731 Cecil 1527 1504 1525 .1585 Charles 785 519 761 560 Dorchester 1377 903 1328 976 Frederick 3190 2994 3132 3104 Harford 1517 1247 1490 1414 Kent 718 527 70t 544 Montgomery 1124 852 1085 905 Prince George's 1054 666 1027 749 Queen Anne's 749 722 759 745 Somerset 1449 902 1335 1031 St. Mary's 783 468 764 491 Talbot 795 712 778 745 Washington 2633 2565 2632 2576 Worcester 1453 909 1487 1043 35 984 32,676 35 040 34,942 32.676 34,492 Clay's maj. 3,31)8 Pratt's maj. 548 At the Presidential election in 1840, Gen. Har rison's majority over Mr. Van Buren was 4,774. The U. S. ships Macedonian and Saratoga, were at the Cape do Verds, 28 days since. The Decatur had sailed from thence for the South Coast. The brig Porpoise was cruising off the Galienas. Gov. Marmaduke, of Missouri, has issued a proclamation appointing the 28th of the present month a day of thanksgiving and prayer in that State. In the U. S. District Court of New York on Wednesday, Artemus T. Fletcher, mate of the ship Independence, was mulcted in the sum of $500, for unfastening a lock placed by the Cus tomhouse Inspector on the door of the middle hatches. The locomotive express which conveyed the election news from New York to Philadelphia, on Wednesday, by the Camden and Amboy railroad, ran sixty-five miles in one hour and fifty minutes. Mr. R. J. Pell, of Ulster county, N- Y., lias an orchard containing 20,000 apple trees of one spe cies?the.Newton Pippin. Last year he gather ed from his trees 1,700 barrels of apples. Part of the crop he sold in the New York market at four dollars per barrel, and the remainder were sent to London and sold at nine dollars per barrel. The First Fruits.?Several capitalists, who had intended to expend more than a million of dollars in the erection of iron and other estab lishments in the Valley of Virgi tia, have giv en up their projects since the result of the Presi dential election has been known. So with a con templated outlay in cotton and woollen manufacto ries in the neighborhood of Harper's Ferry. This may bo called an eff >rt. to create a panic ; but if the statement of facts have that effect, we cannot help it. The blessings of Locofoco insta bility. in public affairs are yet to be developed in many ways?YVinchetter (Fa.) Republican. HONOR TO TIIE PATRIOT. The Philadelphians, wo understand, contem plate a grand and fitting testimonial to our Great Statesman. They propose raising, by small sub script ions?none to exceed five dollars?the sum of twenty thousand dollars, to be paid to Powers, the Sculptor, for a statuo of Mr. Clay, to be placed in a suitable building in one of the public squares of the city. Probably since the death of the Father of his Country,there has never at any time bean sorrow so pervading and so profound 38 'hat which follows the discovery that Mr. Clay is defeated. The intelligent and right minded regard him with an affection which no other public man ever inspired, and which is only surpassed by that devotion to country which in duced the desire of his election to the Presidency. Henry Clay is defeated?worse than that, the People are defeated?and the last suffer. For him the Presidency had few if any attractions. It could add nothing to his greatnoss or to his reputation. Who would not rather bo Henry Clay than be President? It there be any such, we pity him. IIow true, how much truer than ever before, are the following lines by Whittier : ?N. Ir. Tribune. "HE IS NOT FALLEN." Not Fallen ! No! oh well ihc tull And pillared Allegany fall? As well Ohio's giant tide Koll backward on its mighty track, As lie, Columbia's hope and pride, the slandered and the sorely tried, In his triumphant course turn buck. lie is not Fallen ! Seek to bind '1 he ohainless and unbidden wind ; Oppose the torrent's headlong course, Anil turn abide the whirlwind's force ; Bui deem ye not the mighty mind Will cower before the blast of hate, Or qusil at dark and causeless ill; ror though all else be desolate, It st,-ops not from its high estate? A 3iarius 'raid the rum still. He is not Fallen ! Every breeze 1 hat wanders o'er Columbia's bosom, from wild Ponobscot's forest trees, irom oceun shore, from inland seas, Or where the rich Magnolia's blossom floats, snow like, on the sultry wind, Is booming onward on his ear, A homage to his lofty mind? A meed the falling never find, A praiso which patriots only hear. Star of the West ! A million eyes Are turning gladly unto him ; 1 lie shrine of'old idolatries Mature his kindling light grows dim ! And men awake as from a dream, Or meteors dazzling to betray ; And bow before Ins purer beam, The earnest of a heller day. All Hail! the hour is hastening on YV lien, vainly tried by Slander's llaino, Columbia shall behold tier .-on Unharmed, without a laurel gone, As from the flames of Bubylon The angel guarded trial came ! The Slanderer shall be silent ilien, iiis s|>(jII diall leavo the minds ol men, And higher glory wail upon The Western Patriot's future fame. THE PLAQUEMINES FRAUD. The excitement produced by the returns from 1 Jaquemines is waxing warmer as people bestow more reflection upon the scenes which credible witnesses testify were enacted there during the election. The simple fact that the Polk majority in that parish is more than treble the number ol votes ever before polled in it at any one election, and is over double the number of male adults re sident within it, requires no corroborating cir cumstances to show the extent of the Irauds committed upon the franchise. It is of itself a proof, positive and undeniable, of the grossest im position. The narration of the incident* attend ing this outrage may add to the public disgust, but cannot in any way strengthen or weaken the substantial fact, which of itself is proof of the most unparalleled violation of the rights of the people. The bare announcement of the result carries conviction with it. Standing alonn, it is proof beyond the reach of cither, explanation or exaggeration. The occasion demands the solemn and serious consideration of every citizen. Can such things be toleraied 7 will the people submit to be thus overwhelmed and defrauded? are questions that are ashed by every individual. Can a single pirish be allowed to set at naught the wishes of the State? Is there no remedy ? no redress ? no refuge ? It would seem that a fraud so palpable in itself as to reqnire no proof, so stupendous as to startle many who profit by it, and so apparent, as to defy concealment, would defeat itself. Should the Electoral vote of Louisiana be decided by the re turns from Plaquemines, and the result of the Presidential election changed by it, will the coun try submit to a proceeding so notoriously and ab solutely corrupt ? Ought it to submit ? No one can doubt for a moment that the most fearful con sequences would follow such a condition of the canvass as would make the choice of President depend upon the vote of Plaquemines. If there is no remedy for the evil, it is more likely that the people will invent one sooner than meekly acquiesce in the destruction of their privileges. It has been suggested that the other parishes of the State should protest against the reception of the Plaquemines vote. Some desire the call of a public meeting to denounce the proceedings had in that parish; others think that the State should, as a body, resist, the consummation of the traud. These various propositions evince the excitement that prevails. It would be dangerous, perhaps, for the citi zens to assemble for that purpose, under the in nuance of passions so highly exasperated as ihey are at this moment. At any rate, such a step should not be taken before the exact state of the matter, in its details as well as general result, should be reported by eye-witnesses of the whole proceeding. If tho parishes take up the subject, they should bo furnished with statements pre senting all the circumstances of the election in their nakedness?without exaggeration or exten uation. We have little doubt ihat when the tacts are all fully known to the country, the pub lic mind 'vill settle upon sutne plan of making itself heard or respected. It. is understood that a report will be tn-ado of tho transactions at the varijus precincts by gentlemen cognizant of them. 1 his should be done before any other proceedings arc had in rcspect to them.?N. 0. Bee. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. The States named in the following table have chosen E'ectore, who will vote in the manner here designated : Clat. Polk. MARYLAND 8 ? OHIO 23 ? PENNSYLVANIA ? 26 CONNECTICUT ? ? RHODE ISLAND 4 ? NEW HAMPSHIRE ? b SOUTH CAROLINA ? 9 VIRGINIA ? 17 NEW JERSEY 7 ? NEW YORK ? 36 NORTH CAROLINA 11 ? GEORGIA ? 10 KENTUCKY 12 ? MICHIGAN ? 5 DELAWARE 3 ? INDIANA ? 12 MAINE ? 9 MASSACHUSETTS 12 ? ILLINOIS ? 9 MISSOURI ? 7 86 146 States not ascertained, but conceded. Vermont 6 ? Alabama ? 9 Arkansas, ? 3 92 158 States not ascertained, nor conceded. Mississippi 6 Louisiana 6 Tennessee 13 Total number of Electoral votes 275. A majority is 138. TENNESSEE. The Nashville papers bring us some further returns. Forty-three of the seventy-three coun lies in the State have been heard from, and ex hibit the following result : The Locofocos have made gains in 28 counties amounting in the aggregate to 3,398 The Whigs have made gains in 13 coun ties amounting in the aggregate to - 834 Nett Lncofoco gain in 43 counties, - 2,564 In Davidson county, neither party lost or gain ed. In the remaining 30 counties to be heard from, which are mostly Whig, Col. Polk must have made a gain of 1,270, on last year's elec tion?when Governor Jones beat him by a ma jority of 3,833?in order to carry the State. As there are no Abolitionists, or liirney-men, in those counties, it is quite probable, we think, that he has failed to make that amount of gain?and therefore failed to carry the State. LOUISIANA. The following are the reported returns received yesterday. Yuken in conjunction with the enor mous fraudulent Locofoco majority in Plnquemine, they leave but faint hopes <>f cirrying the State. Most of the majorities aro given upon mere hear say.?N. O. Bee, 8th. Clay. Polk. Orleans 410 maj. ? S'. Bernard lt)l ? Plnquemine ? 1006 maj. Jefferson (incomplete) 23 ? Poiute Coupee ? 1 Iberville 18 ? E tst Feliciana ? 90 West Feliciana ? 70 East Uuon Rouge ? 74 We.-t Riton Rouge 103 ? Ascension (a tie) ? ? Assumption 75 ? St. J.tines 193 ? St. Charles 54 ? In the second district, the parishes of St. John, L.ifourche, and Terrebonne, remain to be hpard from. They will probably give 000 or 700 whig majority. The first district is complete. From the third district the returns embrace six pIrishes. The county of Concordia and the four Lake parishes, Avoyelles and Catahoula not having been heard from. Nothing as yet from the fourth district, where pipe-laying from Texas has, it is rumored, been extensively practised by the locofocos. Pt stscuipt-?The following are the reported majorities iu the four Lake parishes : Clay. Polk. St. Helena ? 129 maj. Washington ? 100 St. Tammany ? 30 Livingston ? 71 Since the above we learn that the parish of St. John the Baptist, has given a majority for Mr. Clay of 117. DELAWARE. The following are the returns from this glori ous little State : President. Governor. Congress. Counties. Cluy. lJolk. Sl'kion. Thorp. H'?tou. Rul. New Castle 102 - 185 - 100 ? Kent 100 21 100 - Sussex ? 40 ? 138 ? 40 Maj. for Clay 212 ; Stockto.i 68; Houston 220. LIGHT ON THE GREEN MOUNTAINS. The Boston Atlas of yesterday has the follow ing returns from Vermont. They indicate the triumph of the Ciay electoral ticket by an in creased majority over the vote for Slade : Towns. Clay. Polk. Birncy. Brattieboro' 333 131 30 Mount Holly 182 ?- 17 Wilmington 91 90 72 Cavendish 2^4 14 8 Ludlow 180 32 73 Chelsea 266 210 19 1336 483 225 Clay's maj. in these six towns, 628. At the Governor's election in September, the majority for Slade, tho present Whig Governor, was 412. Making a net Whig gain of 216. Mr. Speaker Jones's District in Virginia, which was gerrymandered for his special a commoda tion, and to beat Mr. Botts, gave Mr. Clay a ma. jority of 243'