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The evansville journal,
PRIXTED AND PCBL1SHED " BY WM. II. CHANDLER & CO, . Sdv anc y3 Sa,urJa Per annum, at01',53 PblisMon Thursdays, at 5. j,uu per annum, in ndvani- J -FO rJi ESI DENT: CITY OF EVANSVILLE: THURSDAY, JANUARY G, 1S47. CCT"' The Gleaner," published at New Har mony, is very anxious to take credit to its par ty for the course of its members on the ques tion of the adjournment of the Legislature, and to throw all the blame of that move on their opponents. The editor says that, "thi3 event has been brought about by a pretty fair Whig majority," and then adds : "The Democratic Senator from Posey and Vanderburgh, we are told, took a manly "stand against the whole proceeding." Unfortunately for the editor and those friends of the Senator who are anxious to build up his popularity and ruu him into Congress.this ain't true. The person who "told" the editor that yarn imposed upon him: The ayes and noes don't show that the Senator took any "stand" of the kind, but on the contrary werecollect that while reading them to have thought Mr. James quite as anxious to pocket his mileage and get away as any of them, Whig or loco. For the benefit of our locofoco friends we publish the vote, which was upon. Mf Osbom's motion "tore-considei the resolution of the House, (adjourning . on account of the small-pox,) which had previously been laid upon the .ta ble," and the ayes and noes being taken resul ted as follows: Ayes Messrs. Beard, Berry, Cassatt.Cheno with, Coats, Cornett, Day, English, Green, Han dy, Hcrwel, Hubbard, Hullstetter, JAMES, Marsh, Miller, Millikiu, Osborn, Robinson, Ta ber, Verbrike, Waters, Winchell, Zenor 24. Noes Barbour, Conduit, Davis, Ellis, Good enow, Hamrick, Hardin, Henry, Holloway, Houghton, Malott, Martin, McCarty.Milligan. Montgomery, Morrison, Orth, Randall, Read, Rosseau, Simpson, Stewart. 22. That certainly don't look as if Mr. James took a very firm "stand" against the measure, on the contrary we are inclined to think he had become a little alarmed himself just about that time, and was quite willing to go with the ma jority. On the vote which followed, to strike out the mileage, Mr. James voted in the negative, showing that he had quite as great love for the loaves and fishes as any of his brethren. Tl'at vote we give also, that our locofoco friends may appreciate the "manliness" of our Senator. On the vote to strike out the mileage, it was decided in the negative as follows; Ayes Chenowith, Conduit, Cornett, Davis, Goodenow, Hamrick, Hardin, Henry, Malott, Miliken, Montgomery, Morrison Orth, Read, Simpson, Stewart, Verbrike, Waters. 18 Noes Barbour, Beard, Berry, Coats, Day, EnglishJEllis, Green, Handy, Holloway, How ell, Hougchton, Huffstetter, JAMES, Marsh, Martin, MckKarty, Miller, Milligan, Murray, Osborn, Ranfdall, Robinson, Rosseau, Taber, Wal pole, Winchell, Zenor. 29 . We agree wi"h the editor of the Gleaner that to, desert their deities was bad enough; but when the members, in addition to that voted to pay themselver maney to runaway vpon, we think itoutrageous, and tlat the press generally should hold them up to deserved ridicule.' We hope our friend at New Harmony will not forget to 6tate that this wrong upon the people is main ly owing to the "manly stand" taken by our- Senator. ; Death of Sesator Fairfield. In the con gressional proceedings received by telegraph a few days since the death of Senator Fairfield, of Maine, was announced. We now learn from our exchanges that he was afflcted with dropsy in the leg. He attended the sittings of Senate on the 23d. and on the morning of the 24th submitted to a surgical operation, under which he sunk the same evening. Mr, F. has filled many public stations. He has been Gov ernor of Maine, Representative in Congress for many years, and at the time of his death was chairman of the Naval Committee ot the Sen ate. - : CCHfThe National Whig says the Speaker of the House of Representatives is about to abate one great nuisancein the Capital, which should never have been countenanced in that building. the restaurant attached to the House. Violent and disgraceful scenes have frequently occur red on the floor, which would never have hap pened but for this resort. Mr. Winthrop is entitled to the approbation of all who respect the propriety and honor of Congress for his de cision and firmness in this matter. It is also due to Mr. Dallas to say that he issued orders some time back, to have the restaurant attached to the Senate removed. On the first of Janua ry Congress will begin its legislation free from the distinguishing odours of these dram-shops and their attendants. Ges. Taylor's Whigism. The highly res pectable editor of the Pittsburg Gazette writing from Washington city, says: "General" aid one of Taylor's officers,now in public uie, "tea me it you are a-Whiz ordem ocat. Some say you are one,, arid some the other, w hich is true ? ' . The repose was characteristic enough. "As an olticer ol the army in the pnbnc service. am neither. But when tha question is plump ly put to me ss now, J am ajull blooded Whig ana one quarter overj -1 CCy-The following resolution was offered in the Tennessee Senate on Friday.- The Louis ville Journal thinks from the tones of the Nash ville press that it will pass both houses: Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Tenne&8ce,11iait the people of Tennessee, by their Representatives, do hereby recommend to their fellow-citizens of the Union Gen. Zach ary Taylor as a candidate for the Presidency at the next election, in whose ability, impartial ity, and devotion to the Constitution, confi dence can be safely reposed by the people. Widows of "The Signers." Inaddition to the names of other venerable women, a corres--pondeiit of the National Intelligencer adds that the Widow of Elbridge Gerry, isalso living, in the S4th year of her age at NewIIaven. "DOWN WITH PROBATE COURTS." Such Is the heading of an article in the last State Journal, by a correspondent ; and in truth the reasons given for wishing to dispense with this auxiliary foiwinding vp an estate, strike us as good and entitled to consideration. There is no doubt that great individual wrongs are done repeatedly through ignorance, and often through favoriteism, in this Court, and it is high time thematter was looked into by those having the power to correct the evil. We give below the article from the Journal, and may refer to the matter again ourselves when we have more leisure than we can claim this morning- Mr. Editor: 1 desire, through the medium of your paper, to call the attention of our Leg islature to our Probate Courts, and the evils of the system, and the necessity of change. This matter has slumbered foo long.and the wrongs to individuals and indeed the expense to com munity which are now daily developing themselves, should arouse us to action. The Probate Judge is invested with as much law and equity jurisdiction, in many cases, as our other Courts. And who pray, is usually Probate Judge?. A man unlearned in the law often unlearned in any thing. Children are defrauded estates squandered lands sold unjustly, and creditors cheated- by the Probate C"urt, not wickedly buf igno rantly. ' ' We sustain this Court now at an expense to the State of near 85000. Its decisions and im proper action, produce 'other suits in other courts and the day is near at hand when our Circuit and Supreme Courts will be fully occu pied with causes growing out of the il regal acts of Probate Courts, their officers and agents. Now where there is much power, there should be some knowledge to wield it aright. At present it is wielded without knowledge. 1 propose a remedy. Increase the number of your Circuit Courts, and require the President Judges to do the Probate business. Lessen the extent of each circuit and require the Judge to hold three terms eac h year instead of two. Let there be certain days and times set apart for Probate business, during the term, and require it to be done by the President Judge. ' Let all administration accounts be filed in the Clerk's office, and a published notice giv en of the day and court to which they will be presented for confirmation. Let no land be sold (belonging to an estate) for any purpose, except upon petition, notice aadproof olactual necesityiox such sale. Away with all your motions and orders on them, and old woman's fire-side judiciary that begg-irs an orphan to subserve a friend, or to fulfil a dolt-headed Judge discretion. The Lord help us when we are subjected to such discretion as that of an ignorant Probate Court. And as a matter of economy, we should change thi3 system. It is costing us thousands now, in the expense to our people, while -trying suits and correcting errors, all growing out of the action of Probate Courts. But it will be economy in another way. The Associate Judges of our Circuit Courts are useless appendages. They do no good. Nine teen times our of twenty they are mere cyphers. Away with them, then. You cannot abolish them but you can allow them only ten cents per day, and then no one will set, or if he do, it will cost us but little. As a general rule ten cents is as much as they are worth. All men agree that they are useless. By this course we will save about 7500 a year, that is now paid by the people for Associate Judges, throughout the State. Add to this sum $4500 paid to the Probate Judges, and we have the sum of 812,000, with which to regenerate and improve this abominable Probate system. To do it let us make five new Circuits, and throw all the business into the Circuit Courts. Pay your President Judges 1000. per year, and they can then live and do their duty. lo do this, our account would stand thus: For the present 13 Judges add S200 each. S2f00 For 5 new Judges. 5000 Total, - .... "600 Amount of fund saved from Probate Courts and Associate J udges, $12000 Balance saved to the people every year, - 4400 Now think of this, and remember, toa, that not oily is it economy an actual saving to the people but also, that by this saving you have placed the aclmiutstration ol law and chancery powers, in the hands of officers whose lives have been devoted to learn how to administer them riSht. MARION. Ges. Taylor The Administration. "I know not how others felt," said Gen. Taylor, in one of his brief and beautiful replies to the complimentary address made to him in New- Orleans, "but for myself, how much soever I may forget, in the hour of battle, the sad con sequences of the strife, they always rush upon my mind afterwards, making ray heart sink and causing me to feel like a child. I had hoped to have done more for my country than I have. thought I might have been enabled to accom plish a speedy and honorable peace an event essential to the welfare of both countries and particularly so to our own.n How different the tone and sentiment breath ed in this simple yet touching effusion from the spirit that coldly runs through the Piesi-J dent, official remarks on the subject of the war! Whatever stress may be laid upon the idea of compelling Mexico to make peace on the, basis of our demands; how plausibly soever these de mands may be glossed under the vague gener alities of "indemnity for the past and security for the future," the belief, we presume, is al most universal that the president's policy of carrying the war with renewed force, into the vital parts of the enemy's country, and of "con tinuing to strike a prostrate adversary, will not result in any peace save such as may be enfor ced by the occupation of the whole country and the continued presence of our armies there. The view presents a gloomy prospect. We turn from it to find relief and a cheerful hope in the language of the brave warrior, who, in the usages of camps and the strife of battles, pre serves a heart full of the kindest human -sym pathies and a. bead always clear, intelligent and self possessed. A speedy and an honor able peace is, indeed, "au event essential to the'welfare of both countries, and particularly so to our own. 4The course of the Adminis tration gives no hope of such a peace. Bal timore American. From the Alexandria Gazette. , Locofoco Doctrine.--We invite the atten tionof the People to the following brief but sig nificant paragraph irom the W ashmglon Un ion.. It is extracted from the N. Y. correspon dence of the government organ, and is evident-! ly only a.loreshadowing ot the evils which the policy ot the present Administration is destined to fasten upon the country a standing army and direct taxation! . :"Both the Democratic papers of this. city the Globe and Evening l ost have espoused with the utmost warmth, the recommendation of the Secretary of the 1 reasury in tavor of tax on tea and coffee. " There can be no doubt that DIRECT TAXATION is essentially Dem ocrat tcend has only to be brought lairly be fore the people to find favor with the majority." 0C3The follow ing resolutions were submit ted to the 'Kou.se of Representatives, by Mr. Lincohi, of Illinois on the22d ult. They will attract attention from the fact that they stick to the spot in Mexico, where the first blood in the war was shed, w ith the tightness that characterized the fabled shirt of the fabled Nes sus! Evidently there is music in that very tall Mr. Lincoln. . - Whereas, the President of the United States, in his message pf May 11th, 18-16, has declared, that the Mexican government not only refused to receive him (the envoy of the United States) or listen to his propositions; but after a long continued series of menaces, have at last in vaded our territory, and shed the blood of our fellow-citizens on our own soil. And again, in bis message of December 8, 1846, "we had ample cause of war against Mexico long before the breaking out of hostili ties. , But even then we. forbore to take redress in our own hands, until Mexico herself became the aggressor by invading our soil, in hostile array, and shedding the blood of our citizens." And yet again in his message of December 7. 1S47, that "the Mexican government refus ed even to hear the terms of adjustment which he (our minister of peace) was authorized to propose; and, finally, under wholly unjustifia ble pretexts, involved the two countries in war, by invading the territory of the State of Texas, striking the first blow, and shedding the blood of our citizens on our own soil. And whereas this House is desirous to ob tain a full knowledge of all the facts which go to establish whethei the particular spot on which the blood of our citizens was so shed was or was not at that time our own soil: Therefore, Resolved by the House of Representatives, That the President of the United States is res pectfully requested to inform this House : 1st. Whether the spot on which the blood of our citizens was shed, as in his messages de clared, was or was not within the territory of Spain at least after the treaty of 1819, until the Mexican levolulion. 2d. Whether that spot is or is not within the territory which was wrested from Spain by the revolutionary government of Mexico. 3d Whether that spot is or is not within a settlement of people, which settlement has ex isted ever since long before, the Texas revolu tion, and until its inhabitants fled before the approach of the United States army. . 4th. .Whether that settlement is or is not isolated from any and all other settlements by the Gulf and the Rio Grande on the south and west, and by wide uninhabited regions on the north and East. . 5th. Whether the people of that settlement, or a majority of them, or any of them, have ever submitted themselves to the government or laws of Texas, or of the United States, by consent or compulsion, either by accepting of fice, or voting at elections, or paying tax, or serving on juries, or having process served up on them, or in any other way. 6th. Whether the people of that settlement did or did not flee from the approach of the U. States army, leaving unprotected their homes and their growing crops, before the blood was shed, as in the messages stated; and whether the first blood so shed, was or was not shed within the enclosure of one of the people who had thus fled from it. 7th. Whether our citizens, whose blood was shed as in his messages declared, were, or were not, at that time armed officers and soldiers, sent into that settlement by the military or ders of the President through the Secretary of War. 8th. Whether the military force of the Uni ted States was or was not so sent into that set tlement, after General Taylor had more than once intimated to the War Department, that, in his opinion, no such movement was neces sary to the defence or protection to Texas. Thanks to Gen. Taylor. Mr. John W. Houston, of Delaware, on the 20th, gave notice of his intention to introduce the following re solutions of thanks to General Taylor, which were read by common consent for the informa tion of the House. Resolved, by the Senate and IIov.se of Rep resentatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the thanks of Congress are due, and they are hereby tender ed, to Major General Zachary laylor, and through him to the officers and soldiers of the regular army, and of the volunteers under his command, for the indomitable' valor, skill, and good conduct displayed on the 22d and 23d days of Febuary last, in . the battle of Buena Vista, in deteating a numerous Mexican army consisting of four times their number, and com posed of chosen troops undertheirfavontecom mander, Gen. Santa Anna, and thereby obtain ing a victory over the enemy, which for its signal and brilliant character, is unsurpassed in the military annuals ot the world. Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to cause to be struck, Gold Medal, with devices emblamatical of this splendid achievement, and presented to Major General laylor, as a testimony ot the high sense entertained by Congress, of his judicious and distinguished conduct .on that memorable oc- ca;ion. Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to cause the foregoing reso lutions to be communicated.to Major General laylor, 111 such a manner as he may deem best calculated to effect the objects thereof. CCT-The National Whig says the War Of fice has received by the officers who have re cently arrived from Mexico, various trophies of the war. Among them are too small beau tiful brass wall pieces or ordinance, sent by Gen. Scott and brought to that city by Col. Andrews. The most curious of these trophies is the black nag ot the guenlleros. Ihe material is bombazette. The ornaments and letters in he centre, upon the red ground, are worked with green silk upon black cloth pieces, except the squares, which are worked with white. But the most remarkable is a small pennant cn the top, made of black, 22 inches by 11 3, with various military ornament. " On the top and bottom are a death's head and cross-bones. In the centre these omiuous words :"No doiecur tell" Give no Quarter. This staff and flag was taken at La Mira Flores, on the 13th Au gust, 1847, from the guerilas who attacked Lt Hammond's party. At the city Hall (New York) yesterday we met a soldier who served as private in the bat ties before the capital. At Churubusco, while crossing the cornfield and within ten or fifteen rods of the enemy, just as he was bitingtheend fi-ora a cartridge to load his musket, a ball struck his temple, passed behind one eye, under the bridge of his nose, behind the other eye, and out of the 6ther temple ! . Being exposed to a cross fire from our troops he thinks the ball came from them. It did not knock him down, nor has he suffered any other result from it than the loss of sight, which is almost total He can distinguish light from darkness, but nothing more. His eyelids have fallen in, and the lids are closed; but his general health has not suffered at all. We were not able to learn his name, but he belonged to the' New York regiment. His case is certainly singular. (Jourier oj Saturday. . A TOUCHING STORY. BY PROFESSER WILSON. The coffin was letdown to the bottom of the grave, the planks were removed from the heaped up brink, the Arst rattling clods had struck their knell, the quick shovelling was over, and the long, broad, skilfully cut pieces of turf were aptly joined together, and trimly laid by the beating spade, so that the newest mound in the church yrd was scarcely distin -guished from those that were grown over by the undisturbed grass and daisies of a luxuriant spring. The burial was soon over, and the party with one consenting motion, having un covered their heads in decent reverence of the place and occasion, were beginning to sepa rate and about to leave the church-yard. Here some acquaintance from different parts of the parish, who had not had an oppurtuuity of addressing each other 111 the house that had be longed to the deceased; nor in the course of the hundred yards that the little procession had to move from his bed to his grave, were shaking hands quietly but cheerfully, and enquiring sif ter the welfare of each others families. There a knot of neighbors were speaking without ex aggeration, of the respectable character which the deceased had borne, and mentioning to one another the little incidents of his life, some of them so remote as to be known only to the gray-headed of the group. While a few yards lurtner, removed Irom the spot, were standing together parties who discussed ordinary con cerns, altogether unconnected with the funer al, such as the state of the markets, the promise of the season, or change of tenants; but still with a sobriety of "manner and voice that was insensibly produced by the influence of the simple ceremony now closed, by the quiet graves around, and the shadow 01 the spire and gray walls of the house of God. Two men vet stood together at the head of the grave with severe and unimpassioned grief, They were brothers the only sons of him who had been buried; and there was some thing in their situation that naturally kept the eyes of many directed upon them for a long time, and more intently than would have been the case had there been nothing more observa ble than the common symptons of common sorrow. But these two brothers who were standing at the head of their fathers grave, had tor some years been totally estranged Irom each other, and the only few words that had passed between them during all that tune, had been uttered within a few da vs past, during the ne cessary preparations for the old man's funeral. JNodeep and deadly quarrel was between these brothers, and neither of them" could dis tinctly tell the cause of this unnatural estrange ment. Perhaps dim lealousies of their father's favor; selfish thoughts that will sometimes force themselves in'o poor men's hearts, res pecting temporal expectations, unaccommoda ting manners on both sides; taunting words that mean little when uttered, but which ran kle and fester in remembrance; imagined oppo sition of interest, that, duly considered, would have been one and the same; these and many other causes, "slight when single, but strong when rising up together in one baneful band, had gradually and fatally infected their hearts, till at last they who in youth had been seldom seperate, and truly attached, now met at mar ket, and miserable to say, at church, with dark and averted faces, like different clansmen, du ring a feud. Surely if anything could have softened their hearts towards each other, it must have been to stand silently side by side, while the earth, stones and clods, were falling down upon their father's coffin. And doubtless their hearts were so softened. But pride, though it cannot prevent the holy affections of nature from be ing felt, may prevent them from being shown; and these two brothers stood there together, determined not to let each other know the mu tual tenderness that in spite of them was gush ing up in their hearts, and teaching them the unconlessed 101 ly and wickedness of their causeless quarrel. A head stone had been prepared, and a per son came forward to plant it a plain stone, with a sand glass, scull and cross bones, chis seled, not rudely, and a few words inscribed. The younger brother regarded the operation with a troubled eye, and said, loudly enough to be heard by several ot the bystanders "Wil liam, this is not kind in you you should have told me ot this. 1 loved mv father as well as you could have loved him. You were the elder, and it may be, the favorite son; but I had a right in nature to have joined you in ordering! this head stone, had 1 not? During these, words the stone was sinking into the earth, and many persons who wereon their way from the grave, returned. For a while the elder brother said nothing, lor he had a consciousness m his heart that he ought to have consulted his fath er's son in designating this last mark of affec tion and respect to his memory: so the stone was planted in silence, and now stood erect, decently and simple, among the other ostenta tious memorials of the humble dead. The inscription merely gave the name and age of the deceased, and told that the stone had been erected by ms "aiiectionate sons. the sight of these words seemed to soften the angry man, and he said somewhat more mildly: "les, we are his affectionate sons, and since my name is on the stone, 1 am satisfied, brother. We have not drawn together kindly of late years and perhaps never may, but I acknowledge and respect your worth, and here, betore our own friends, and before the friends of our father, with my foot above his head. I express my willingness to be on better and other terms, with you, and if we cannot command our hearts letusat least bar out alt unkindness. The minister, who attended the funeral, and had something entrusted to him to say publicaly betore he leltthe church yard, now came lor ward, and asked the elder brother why he spake not regarding this matter. He saw there was something of a cold and sullen pride rising up in his heart, but not easily may any man hope to dismiss from the chamber of his heart even the vilest guest, if once cherished there. With a solemn and almost severe air, he looked upon the relenting man, and then, changing his countenance into serenity, said gently Behold how good a thing it is, And how becoming well, Together such as brethren are In unity to dwell. TLte time, the place, and this beantiful ex pression of a natural sentiment, quite overcame a heart in which many kind, if not warm af fections dwell; and the man thus appealed to, bowed down his head and wept. "Give me your hand, brother," and i was given; whilea murmerot satisfaction arose from all present, and all hearts felt kindlier and more humanely towards each other. As the brothers stood fervently but compos edly, grasping each ether's hands, in the little hollow that lay between the grave of their mother, long since dead, and ot their lather, whose shroud was haply not yet still from the fall of dust to dust, the minister stood beside them with a pleasant countenance, and said "I must fulfill the promise I made to your fa th- on his death bed. 1 must read lo vou a few wordshishand wrote at a time when his tongue denied its office. I must not say to you that you did your duty to your old father, for did he not olten beseech you, apart irom one another, for your own sakes as Christians, for the sake of the mother who bore you, and Stephen, who died that you might be born? When the pal sy struck him for the last time, you were both absent nor was it your fault that you were not beside the old man when he died. As long as sense continued with him here, did he think of you and you two alone. Tears were in his eyes; I saw them there; and on his cheek too, when no breath came from his lips. But of this no, more. He died with this paper in his hand, and he made me know that-I was to read it to you over his grave. I now obey him. "My sons if you will let my bones lie qui et in the grave, near the dust of your mother, depart not from my burial, till, in the name of God and Christ, you promise to love one anoth er as you used to do. 1 Dear boys, receive my blessing. Some turned their heads away to hide the tears that needed not be hidden and when the brothers had released each other from a long and sobbing embrace, many went up to them and in a single word or two expressed their joy at this perfect reconcilement. The brothers themselves walked away from the church yard, with the minister to the Manse. On the fol lowing Sabbath, they were seen sitting, with their families, in the same pew, and it was ob served they read but of the same bible, when the minister gave out the text; and that they sang together; taking hold of the samew psalm book. The same psalm was sung, (given out at their requst,) of which one verse had been repeated at their father's gTave; a larger sum than usual was on that Sabbath found on the plate for the poor, for Love and Charity are sisters. And ever after, both during the peace and troubles of this life, the hearts of the broth ers were as one, and in nothing were they di vided " ' " Mr. Secretary ,Walker. Goldsmith's schoolmaster has come to life iathe person of Mr. Secretary Walker. . The Ricomond En quirer, (one of Mr. W.'s intimate friends) ex hausts the usual terms of eulogy upon the Sec retary's late report, and in a paroxysm of pane gyric exclaims "In Beading this powerful paper, we were reminded of some of the lines of Goldsmith's beautiful description of the village school-master: . "The village all declared how much he knew, 'Twaa certain he could write and cypher too; And still they gazed, and still the wonder grew. That one small head should carry all he knew." What a treasure the country has in this Sec retary! It is certain he can write, and, most extraordinary, he can "cypher tool" Where shall we look, or, to speak more correctly, when, shall we look for an union of these two rare accomphishments in one small head, again! Nature is not prolific in such heads, and, it is believed, exhausts her powers for years in the effort to produce one. We must not expect too much of nature, bountiful mother as she is, and therefore should not hope to see another "small head" in our day, like that which Mr. Walker is blessed with. But does not the Enquirer stop in the paral lelat the pointwhere it becomes most striking? If, as all will allow, Mr. Walker writes and cy phers, does he not also in the other characteris tic of the "village schoolmaster" even excel him? You who have read the Secretary's re port, read also this and answer : In arguing, too, the parson owned his skill. For even though vanquished he could argue still! " How often Mr. Walker has given evidence of the possession of this talent, who shall at tempt to enumerate! And, not to refer tooth er proofs of its being in him, who will read his report and say that the man who produced it can ever be argued down? ' Thus far the parallel is perfect,, and those who believe in the doctrine of the transmigra tion of souk, may appeal Jo this example of it, as proof conclusive. And yet the case is stronger even than has been shown. Goldsmith's schoolmaster not kept on arguing after he was vanquished, but in the argument itself he amazed his hearers, for itls written: While words of learned length and thund'rin sound. Amazed the gazing rustics ranged around! And how true this is of Mr. Walkers report! No wonder, that his brain become bewildered after he had got it all out. The astonishment should be rather that, instead of vertigo, his "small head" was not really turned. If we remember aright, Goldsmith's school master could even do more than is here set down of him and Mr. Walker. We are told Lands he could measure, terms and tides presage And even the story ran tliat he could guagel Mr. Walker can, we believe, measure lands indeed he has a personal fondness for getting them. He has shown that in his Texas letter. He knows something, too, of the "terms" of of-1 fice; how long they hold good, and what they yield whilst held; and it is admitted, that he sees the swelling "tide" in politics, even be fore others detect a ripple on the sea of waters. He is very careful, too, in taking the "tide" "at the flood." In each and in all these things, he is the equal of the schoolmaster if it might not be thought irreverant, we should, perhaps, say, he excels him. But, then, the master of the school could, it was said, guagel This, which was properly regarded as the climax of greatness, is not, as the reader will percieve, asserted with positiveness the "story ran so. To complete the parallel, inquiry must be made into this matter. Will the Richmond Enqui rer answer this question : "Can Mr. Walker guageS Bait. Patriot. A Beautiful Letter. The following ex quisitely feminine and eloquent epistle was written by the celebrated Mrs. Godolphintoher husband, a few days before her death. She had been one of the beauties of Charles the Sec ond's Court, but successfully resisting the bland ishments of that corrupt circle, had resigned, and married Mr. Godolphin, afterwards the celebrated Lord Godolphin. Evelyn, who knew Mrs. Guell, calls her 'his dea saint., It is needless io say her husband never married again how could he after the loss of such a wife .' - "My deare, not knowiug how God Almighty may deate with me, 1 think it mv. best course to settle my affairs, soe as that, in case I be to leave this world, noe earthly thing may take up my thoughts. In the first place, my dear, be leive me, that of all earthly, things you were and are the most dear, to me: and 1 am convinc ed that nobody ever had a better .or halfe soe good a husband. 1 begg your pardon lor all my Imperfections, which 1 am sensible were many; but such as I could help I did endeavor to subdue, that they might not trouble you. I know nothing more 1 have to desire of you, but that you will sometymes think of me with kindness, but never witn loo mucn griefe. For my Funerall, I desire there may be noe- cost upon itt at all; but, if I might, I would begg that my body might lye where 1 have had such a mind to go myselfe, at Godol phin, among your friends. "I believe, if I were carried by Sea, the expense would not be very great; but I don't insist upon that place, if you think it not reasonable; lay me where you you please.. "Pray, "rny'deare, be kind lo that poore Child, I leave behind, for my sake who loved you soe well; butt I need not bidd you, 1 know you will be soe. it you should think nut to mar ry asaine, I humbly begg that little fortune brought may be first settled upon . my Child, and that as long as any ot your&isters live, you will lett it (if they permitt) live with them, for it may be so, tho' you will love itt, my sue cessor will not be soe lond ol it as they 1 am sure will be. " '!Now, my deare Child, farewell." . Mikeatcres. Mr. J. W. Young, who has been in our city for some time taking! ikenesA ses designs leaving in a few days. "We have seen a number of mineatures taken by thisgen tleman, which we think are excelferft, better than usual, and as it ma'y he seme time before another artist visits us, we would advise all who have any desire to posiess a likeness of themselves to pay him a visit before he leaves. He takes mineatures without regard to the weather, at prices from $1,5Q, to 5,00. Explosion of the Steamer A. N Johnson. SEYENTY LIVES LOST. We are indebted to a friend for an extra from the office of die Cincinnati Commercial of Thursday, giving an account of a hor rid explosion and loss of life on board the steamer A. N. Johnson near Maysville. Tliat paper says: "Yesterday morning at 2 o'clock, Dec. 29th, the steamboat A. N. Johnson, bounffor Wheeling, when - ' . 10 miles above Maysville, blew up, with a treinend-l uous explosion the boat and cargo a total loss, lie explosion threw one whole boiler about 200 yards, in to a cornfield, and one half of another was thrown about 300 yards in an opposhS direction. The boat took fire with the explosion, and burnt to the water's . . - . , mi edffe. There was supposed to have been on the boat when the explosion took place, 95 cabin and 64 deckmost able, talented and eccentric surgeons of the last , passengers. The boat had landed to put oil pome pas sengers, when the fearful accident occurred. Several children were thrown on shore, only one of whom was hurt. Some of the men took a skiff and pro ceeded to Maysville for assistance. The steamboat Daniel Boone proceeded to the scene of distress, and gave all the assistance in her power. The wounded were dressed, and every possible relief afforded them by the captainv who, after attending to the wants ol the sufferers, as far as -possible, took them to Mays ville, where every attention was paid them. The Odd Fellows, Masons, and Sons of Temperance, appoint ed committees to attend to their wants, and relieve, as far as wa3 in their pewer, their , distress. "There were supposed to have been 60 to70 fives lost. Of those not killed, 37 were not expected to live. Twenty horses were on thfi boat and perished in the flames. The survivors were five ladies, not known. A correspondent of tho Cincinnati Chronicle writ ing from near Maysville under date of Wednesday night says: "It is impossible to get any tiling like a correct state ment of the loss of life out of the several rumors in circuladon. lt may however be set down, I think, at about 40!. some of the reports say as many as'one hundred Several pieces of the wreck have been seen floating past our city; and a trunk was picked up a few moments ago. "Our City Council, on hearing of the disaster, im mediately convened, and made an appropriation to charier the "Boone" to go up to the relief of the suff erers. The Sons of Temperance and Odd Fellows, have sent up Committees to look after the unfortunates On the return of the Boone, which leaves at 8 o'clock, I will drop you another line, giving such information as may be obtained, in the mean lime accept assur ance of my good wishes "N. B. The trunk brought to shore, belongs to C. Walker, N. Y., and contains a package for de livery in Philadelphia, from J. Draper, Cincinnati. "P S. The Boone has just returned from the wreck bringing with her ihirty-four of the badly wounded. Most of them must die, and two dead the clerk and Mr. Fauchild. lt is said, by those who have escaped, that there must have been upwards of one hundred lost! Our citizens are actively engaged in relieving the distressed. I never witnessed such a sight, as the Boone presented on her arrival at our wharf." Scenes at the Wreck of the A. N. Johnsos. A horrible thing, a scene which occurs fortunately, but once in a man's life, occurred. The explosion blew up the cabin deck, and when many of the passengers opened the cabin doors, tu make iheir escape, they were precipitated into ihe hold, and there, with twenty-seven horses, were seen writhing "in the flames, None of them escaped. , '.. It has hecn ascertained that $10,000, at least, in money, was lost. How muce more, it is impossible to say. Much was stolen, it is said, by whom not known. The boat and cargo are a total loss. Several passengers were foreigners and cannot state their losses. The ladies in the cabin were uninjured, theexplo sion not reaching them. i The Blue Ridge, a Kanawha packet, landed at the wreck when the Boone reached there, bound for Ka nawha. Many oi the passengers, uninjured, went on her, taking their chance for a passage up, thereby preventing us from obtaining a full list of those saved. " One poor fellow was seen- caught under a part of the wreck wherrtt had burnt nearly to the water's edge. Nothing could save him. As he cast his look of despair imploringly on the spectaters, the wreck sunk, carrying him forever to the last bourne. Many were blown into the river, and sunk at once, disappearing forever, perhaps, from those who wish to obtain their las t glance of those they love. The books of the boat were lost. - The A. N. Johnson was a new boat, three boilers, double engine, built at Wheeling. The 2d engineer, in his last moments, declared that the steam was not high that he had tried the gauge-cocks, and that the water was high in the boilers and that the iron was Had. Maysville Flag." Bishop Hughes' Discourse at Washington. WASHINGTON-. -NAPOLEON ' Bishop Hughes being in Washington, John Quin cy Adams and several other members of Congress waited on him on Friday, the 10th insfe, requesting him, at the same time, to deliver a discourse on Sun day, the 12th inst., in the Capital. He accepted of the invitation, and the following notice of the discourse is from the Washington correspondent of the Charles ton News: 1 . The Hall of the House was densely filled. The text selected was the 20th chapter of Matthew a..3 the 20th verse, and the subject, the condition of hu man nature at the time of the coming of the Savior, the direct object of the mfssion, the principles by which the amelioration of the world has been achiev ed, and the application of the principles so far as they have been applied to the moral, social and polit ical condition of mankind. The Bishop spoke in a clear and musical tone; his remarks were not doc trinal, and were such that not even the most rigid Puritan could reject. But without givingyou an out line of the sermon, I merely design the camparison by the reverend gentleman of Washington and Napoleon, and it was thus delivered: "In our own country there was one great man, who approached as near to the.Savior's precepU as man could approach. How important that we should keep hia conduct before our minds! how necessary in a country like this, in which God raised up, so singularly, a public deliverer.. That country, worthy of iti origin and destiny,- may become the medium of benefaction on the whole hu man race. ' - "When I think of that deliverer, almost without perception, in youth working for the cause of his coun try, and, as his country's son, making sacrifices for; her, yet with a modest and human dignity which makes the life of him a kind of solitary biography in the-liistory of the hum an race, I am led to the conclu sion that, like the history of the creation of the world, it has nothing else to compare with it. ' "When I think of his feelings of humanity, his honor tojhe mother whom he served, and whose chains he had broken; when I see him voluntarily (may we not hope with Christian emotions) "turning aside from the dazzling prospects, to other eye, which succeeded his efforts; when we behold this, we behold a spectacle which would be engraven on the hearts of our countrymen. t . "You have seen, on the contrary, a man almost similar in his career: but in its termination how dis astrous! With the example of George Washington lmfrtrA li i m trnn baa liim rlnn.. . l - i r w .urn uuwiifc. iub revolution 01 an other empire, in Europe. Without presenting early manifestations of singular talent to attract theatten tion of the country, you see him, with a sudden im- pulse spring, from the soldier's tent to the kingly throne! And on the throne of the country which he serves, is he disposed to minister to the happiness of others? Is he disposed to abridge the extent of the power of his greatness? Alas, no! His career was like the flight of the metor; it astonished the upturned eyes of the world. It was as bright, as brilliant, and as glorious! . "- ' . "And when he beheld these gTeat men, the one resigning h's eword at Annapolis, and the other abdi cating his throne at Fontainbleau, what a contrast ! Washmgtonbequeathed a legacy only less valuable than the Freedom which he won! "The European General filled the world with his wimp. 'Amidst tht e$p.rrntinTic nf tUa ...i.: , - ."vwuiiHJ 1111, ii he desecrated, he forced tears and curses from tha J . ...... uia mothers whose, growing progeny were stripped from" . . . . their sides, when at an age to bear tlie weapon of death to the field of conflict. He was a soaring eagle; bu( now an eagle, with crashed wing9 and broken pin ions, chained to a rock of the ocean!" a Doctor Uctwitted. Dr. H J. was one of the century, liis practice embraced a large circle, and his fame extended to every part of the State, Tho Doctor was one morning sitting in his office, poring over some medical-work, fresh from the mother coun; try, via Boston, when a loud rap at the door aroused him? "Come in," said the doctor, and an old lady hobbled into the apartment, who seemed, the very embodiment of dirt and nogiigence. "Doctor, I've got a desperate sore foot; can ' you help it?" . . . S'l will try; let me see it." . m - : The old crone proceeded to divest her "un derstanding" . of the apology of a hose with which it f as covered, and displayed to the astonished doctor a fobt and such a foot ! "My God!" exclaimed the doctor, throwing up both hands in amazement, "what a dirty foot!" "La! doctor, ye needn't be in such a wonderment about it; there's dirtier feet than that in the world, I'll warrant, aye, and a dirtier foot than that in j our own house, as proud as tha young ladies, your daugh ters are, for all that;" and the old hag cackled forth her pleasure at the doctor's astonishment. "Woman! if you will find a dirtier foot than that in my honse, I wTill give you a guinea and cure your for nothing." . . . "Ton honor?" said the beldam. "Pon honor," cried the doctor The old woman stripped off. the other stocking, and displayed a foot that beggared all description, grinned at the face of the astonished doctor, exclaim- ing, "Gi'e me the guinea! Gi'e me the guinea! I know'd it; I washed t'other 'fare I came here!" ' COMxTIEBCIAL. New Orleans, Dec. 23. Sugar. The stock on the market was large and the demand limited, only 500 hhds. changed hands. Prices have given way iSJcand we quote Fair 32 Molasses. Tha market was" dull and only 800 bbls. were sold at 1717ic; leaving a large quantity on the Levee unsold. ; t . ; .Flour There has been some speculative demand and we notice the following sales, 1300 bbl3. Ohio at 5 45; 2000 bbls. in three lots at $5 5t, and 1700 bbls. at $5 GO. Wheat. 1500 bushels of ood quidity were sold, 1 05. ' Corn. The demand has been active and 8234 sacks in nine lots were sold tt 60co0 sacks choice White at 61c; 200 bushels Mixed a 52c in bulk, and 4400 bushels White at 59c. in sacks. ' Oats. 700 bushels Oats were sold at 44c, and 890 bashels at 441c. in bulk. 1 - Pokk Market dull again 'and no sals of moment transpired.. -' I -1 Beef. 63 bbls. Prime sold at $G 25. " - : Bacon. 50 bbls. Sugar Cured' llama were taken at 10c. I Laud. Sales 104 bbls. at 6icv 24 at 61c.; and 332 keg3 in three lots at 7Slel ' . .; . Whiskey.- Improved demand. Sale 3. 312 bbls ."lit 250 At 20c : nrnl 9W litila Raw nl 9-?, 2 2c. ' White Baass. 175 bbls. sold at 2.33, firm;' State of Indiana, Vanderburgh County, ss, 4n the Probate Court of Vanuerburgh County, in . vacation, Jan. 5,1843. Amy Skeels Adminis"1 tratix of Joseph Young I VS. Mary Ann Young, An na Bell Matilda Younsr. i V Petition to sell real cstate. John Buoyant . Young, William Henry Young, i Joanna Y'oung. J '. ' " ' BE it remembed that heretofore to wit on tho Gih day of decem!er A. D. 1847 the above named Amy bkeels administration of the estate of Joseph Young deceased, tiled in the office of the clerk of tho Probate Court of Vamlerbugh County her certain pe tition praying for the s;ile of the real estate lelong ing to said decedents estate. And it satisfactorily ap pearing by the aflidavit of a disinterested person this ; day filed in the clerks otlice aforesaid that Anna' Bell Matilda Young one of tlte above named defendants 1 is not at this time a resident of the Stale of Indiana. Notice is therefore given to the sai l -Anna Bell Matilda Young to appear at or before the calling of this cause at the next term of said Court to be held at the court house in Evansville on the second Mon- .1 T V . 1 l i i uu ju a uiu jr uau puuh uiuw xi any out- 11a , or can why said real estate should not be sold and made assets in the hands ot the adininis .ation lor . the payment of the debta and demands r uts-tanding against said estate. jan 7, w4. . SAMUEL T. JENK INS, G'k. State of Indiana, Vanderburgh" County, ss. In the Probate Court of Vanderburgh County, va cation, January 5th, 1848. . bamuel Urr and 1 horn-1 as E. Garvin. Adminis trators, with the will an nexcd,of Thomas R.IIar risoo, deceased, VS. iPctititon tost 11 reai entate. Margaret Harrison,Eliz-1 nleth Dixon and Lucius H. bcott. AND NOW at thi time comes the eaid Admin istrators, and file their petition in the office of the Clerk of said Court praying that the real estate of ' said decedent may be sold pursuant to his will, and it appearing from the aflidavit of a disinterested per sen tiled with said petition that the said Margaret Harrison and Elizabeth Dixont legatees of the said decedent and both non-residents of the State of Indi ana, i - . , ' Notice is therefore given., to ihe said non-residenta legatees of the filing and pendency of said Petitttion and that the same will be heard before our said Pro bate Court, (at the Court House in Evansville,) on tho first day of the next Term thereof, (or so soon there after as council can be heard) which term will com mence and be held at said Court House on the second ' Monday of February, a.d. 18-18. janTtw SAM'L T. JENKINS, Ci'k. A mifNISTRATOR'S NotiwNotice is XA-hereby given that the undersigned has taken out letters of Administration with the will annexed on the estate of Frank Chambers, late of Vanderbursrh County Indiana; dee'd which estate is lielived to be solvent. fjan-G JOHN INULE Jr AdmT ADMINISTRATOR'S Sale I will sell at -auction at the late residence of Frank Cham bers, in the 4th enlargement adjoining Evansville, on baturday the 29th day of January inst 1348, the yc-'' sonal property of the estate of said Frank Chambers, consisting of a small stock afcrroceries, fixtures about store, household and kitchen lurniture, some hogs, cow. some wood, &c. Terms of Sale -All sums under 5, ca(4i; all abova that sum on a credit of three months wkh approyed security waiviag relief laws. jan 6-w3w. JOHN INGLE, Jr. ' PARwrnnsii.F. UTMIE SUBSCRIBER wishes to dispose of the farm ' I -L upon which he lives, being on. tlio Boonvillo Road, one mile North East from the Court House, in -the city of Evansville, containing thirty three acres ot first rate land, under good improvement. This farm has upon it a good and well fnisltedfium dwelling house: and out houses, a well of first rate wntrr I finely improved garden and young Orchard. f Also- Four lots in the fourth enlargement of the city of Evansville. . . Also-r-Three first rate horses, a- good two hnrj wagon, (the- Peytonia,) and harness, buggy anj jiar. ness, one cow, 17 head of hogs, 600 busheis of corn, oneetackof hay and fodder, household and kitchen furniture: for terms aml v to the stil -cribei- ' dec 9-t f JOHN N. KIRKENDALL; . , GJ.OTIIS, Cassimcres, and VestiEs tourlly's celebrated French black Cloth; ' . , , Eng. & Amer. blue, black, brown and olive Cloth ' Plain and pl&id Cassimeres; - ' 1 .unu, to&vk.v, m vvu;ii niju Oillt V est in cro v ' Also a good assortment of Tailors ui mparts9--' For sale low either at wholesale retail eep 28-tf. , MVrTOSTER.'