Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIV. inn ii ' EVANSVILLE, IND., THURSDAY AUGUST 31, 1848. NO. 28. ; " .- - . ' ,1 . ' - T-. .. ,. .. J -' ' . ...... A. i EVANSVILLE DAILY JOURNAL. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WM. H. CHANDLER & CO. FOR PRESIDENT: 1 ' GEN. ZACHARY TAYLOR, Of Louisiana. FOR VICE PRESIDENT - '; MILLARD FILLMORE, Of New York. WHIG ELECTORAL TICKET. FOR THE STATE AT LARGE I : JOSEPH G. MARSHALL, of Jefferson. GOD LOVE S. OR'l'H, of Teppecanoe. DISTRICT ELECTORS: . ; lit id 3d . 4th &th 6th 7ih ih 9th 10th Dist James E. Bi.ythe, ot vnnderburg. JoHJi S. Davis, of Floyd. " Milton Greiju, of Dearborn. David P. Hom.oway, of Watxk, " Thomas D. Walpoou, of Hancock. Ixjveij. H. Rousseau, of Greene, . " Koward.W. JldJi-AGHty, oi I'ark. James F. Suit, of Clinton. " Daniel D. PratT, ol Cass.' David Kilgoue, of Delaware. - CITY OF EVANSVILLE! SATURDAY MORNING, AUG, 26. 03" Camp Taylor" was lighted up last night for the first time, and large as it is,' was pretty well filled. Quite a number of ladies were present to hear the speeches and encour age by their smiles, the efforts of their fathers, husbands and brothers and cheer them on 'o victory. Jas. G. Jones, and J. R. Harper, Es quires, addressed the meeting, and were listen ed to with marked attention throughout. The Band performed several new pieces with good effect, and the Glee Clubgave the meeting one or two good songs. The Rough and Ready Club meets again on Saturday night.- QCT" Ne nave seen returns from fifty-three counties in this State, about one-half, and the majority in favor of free schools is 14,107! We have not the least doubt but the majority w ill reach 20,000, perhaps far exceed it. fXj-The Senate struck out of the Post Of fice bill provision allowing newspapers to cir culate thirty miles square free of postage. State Sentinel. The State Sentinel might just as well have plated that the Senate that rejected this clause is largelj locofoco; and the House which in serted it, whig. The people know, however, who are the friends of the poor. A letter from an officeron the Rio Grande tates that it is the intention of the Govern ment to occupy two stations in that region, viz: Point Isabel and a site near Fort Brown, nearly opposite Matamoras. where a town is rapidly springing up. It is said to be a delight ful spot, high and healthy. More News from Ireland. We publish this morning another telegraphic despatch.giv ing further particulars of the fight between the Irish and British troops, in which it is said the latter were defeated and many of them killed and wounded. The O Bnen tracas seems to have been altogether a separate affair. ' , It will be seen that the British Governmen has ordered all American packets arriving in, her ports to be searched to prevent any aid being given to the Irish by the people of this country. Great vigilance is exercised by the British to hinder from goingabroad what is actually tran spiring in Ireland. KfJ-The Louisville Journal of yesterday ays: We were in error in stating a few; days ince that the Evansville and Vincennes tele graph line had commenced "operations. We understand that Mr. Whitman, of the teleeraph office in this city and a very skilful operator, leaves for Evansville to-day to put the line in operation. From an intimate acquaintance with Mr. W., we can recommend him to the citizens of Evansville as a gentleman worthy of their highest confidence. . . P. S. Since the above was put in type, the Telegraph between this place and Vincennes has been put in operation, and messages have been sent and answers received. CC3Jolin M. Botts has been so , often mis represented in the presidential miestion, that - a he publishes a letter in the National Intelli gencer, in which he states the position he oc cupies, and concludes by saying that he "shall vote for Gen. Taylor," and adds "I will not presume to offer my advice to others; every man must take the responsibility of acting for . himself as his judgement dictates; , all I can -"venture to do is, to set them what I hope may prove to be a good example. A Quandary! In 1810 the locofocos said that Gen. Harrison was a "granny.", , They are now trying to make the public believe that Gen. Cass was Gen. Harrison's aid! Misrep resentations are "like young chickens, they Etill come home to roost I" . Queen Victoria is 29 years old, has been married 8 years, and has given 6 heirs to the throne. - - - - A New NAME.-The New York Express has christened the Free Soil men, the Buffaloes', from the fact that they held their Convention st Buffalo. First Streak of Lightning. The Telegraph Line between this city and Vincennes, con ing with the St. Louis and Louisville line, went into operation on yesterday, and so far has worked admirably. The office was pretty well crowded during the day with citi zens curious to' witness, the working of the lightning, and by a number also on business. What amount of -business was done we are not abie to say, but it was considerable. The Trustees kindly invited us to hold a - confab with our old friend Caddington, and we ac cordingly transmitted the following: The Editor of the Evansville Journal pre sents his respects by lightning to R. Y.- Cad dington Esq., of the Vincennes Gazette, and congratulates him and the good people of the Wabash Valley upon the completion of the Branch Line connecting Vincennes and Evans ville. i- ( . ' . . P. S. The Whigs raised a Taylor pole and dedicated their "shanty" last night. . , ' , W. H. CHANDLER. And in a short time we received the follow ing in return: - The Editor of the Vincennes Gazette extends to Bro. Chandler the right hand of fellowship and through him to the citizens ol hvansville generally. Hurrah tor Lightning and its el tects! Thanks Bro. C. for the first streak from Evansville. : R. Y. CADDINGTON. The following pretty lines on the subject of The Magnetic Telegraph" were handed us by a gentlemen, and at his request we insert them here: ' Along the smooth and slender wires The sleepless heralds run, Fast as the ch ar and livingrays Go streaming from the sun; No peala or (lashes heard or seen. Their wondrous flight betray, And yet their words are quickly felt In cities far away. ' Nor summer's heat, nor winter's hail, Can check their rapid course; They meet unmoved the fierce wind's rage The rough wave's sweeping force: - In the long night of rain and wrath, As in the blaze of day, -They rush, with news of wetl or wo. To thousands far away. But faster still than tidings borne On that electric cord, Rise the pure, thoughts of him who loves The Christian's life and Lord Of him who taught in smiles and tears With fervent lips to pray, Maintains high converse here on earth With bright worlds far away. Aye! though no outward wish is breathed, Nor outward answer given, . The. sighing of that humble heart Is known and felt in heaven. Those Ion j frail wires may bend and break, Those viewless heralds stay, But Faith's last word shall reach the throne Of God, though far away. Kentucky Elections. In 98 counties Crit tenden's majority is 8,512, and leaving two counties Perry and Letcher, to hear from,which in 1844 gave Butler majority of 68. As to the Legislature, the Senate will stand as it did last year, viz: 27 whigs, 11 locos. In the House of Representatives, which consists of 100 members, as far as heard from, the whigs have 63 and the locos 31, leaving 6 members to he heard from. Cass at Home. The last number of the Detroit Advertiser has the following: We hear from reliable authority that the Hon. Tho. Wood, of Washtenaw county, for merly a locofoco member in the Legislature from that county, has bolted the Cass pariy.and is out good and strong for either old Zeck or somebody else besides Cass. We might fill half a column any day with names of deserters from the Cass camp, if we would take pains to remember them. Some of the most promi nent Locofocos in the State are among the bol ters, r . "What Ofeices are made fob. The Locofo- co "Executive Committee at Washington,'' says the- Philadelphia North American, which remains there to do the political work of the Presidential campaign to "supply all voters .with documents," prepare ''valuable compilations setting forth the true issues of the contest," &c. receive "money," intended "for the purpose of disseminating political intelli gence, but, above all, to counteract "an ex tensive system of misrepresentation," to which according to the Committee'sGeneral Circular of June 24, "it is certain (?) that the leaders of the Federal or Whig party will resort," this working committee of politicians, be it observ ed, consists of the three following personages, whose names are affixed to the General Circu lar, viz. H. S. Foote, Edmund Burke, W. I. Brow jr. Every body knows thatH. S. Foote is a Sen ator of theUnited States from Mississippi: and if he rhooses to ro nain at Washington, chairman of an electioneering committee, employing his uncommon talents and profound erudition in the responsible occupation of franking Lo cofoco documents, nobody will be surprised or grieved. ' Edmund Buike, however, is Com missioner of Pateuts, and W. I. Brown is As sistant Postmaster Genesal, both of them sala ried officers of the Government, the servants of the people of the United States, employed at high salaries, to perform laborious duties appertaining to their officers, fully sufficient to occupy all their time and attention. Now, it is a question, 'which the American people may soon find it to their interest to an swer in some authoritative way, whether it can be considered either proper or descent for public servants, in this gross manner, to aban don the duties of their offices, for the purpose of performing the political work of even a Washington Executive Comrnitte. " CO" Governor Owsley offers a reward of S150 for the arrest of Mark Emmerson Mich ael," who . is charged with having murdered Elisha Bell in Wayne county, Ky. "Damages for Loss of Life A Good Law. The Legislature of New Jersey, at its last session, passed a lawgiving to surviving rela tives ot a person killed in public conveyances, a claim for damages against the corporation or person Dy whose wrong or neglect the injury resulted, and recommended the law to the con sideration of other States." Hitherto the common law of England has prevailed throughout the States, that as the life of a subject or citizen is above computa tion no carnage can be recovered therefor. The damage of a limb can be assessed, but not a life. The law reporters give us another strange case of damage claimed in England some years ago. A man driving a sulky through London ran over a poor man's child, not quite two years old, and broke its leg. The father of the child brought suit against the party causing the injury, but failed to recover because it could not be made out that the child could render any, the smallest service in which he suffered damage. Some of the bar thought it a fair case and carried it eventually to the highest court they could reach with it, but failed in all. It was contended that he should pay the surgeons bill, but this met with the reply that the fa ther could have sent it to the hospital where it would have been cared for without charge. The law was fully and fairly tested in the case but which denied the father any redress. Could it have been made to appear that, the child could render any service, such as to go to the post office or even bring a drink of water, the courts and jury were well inclined to even vin dictive damages, but no foundation could be found to build on. ColoselDosipiian.--Thisdislinguished gen tleman is addressing the People ot Missouri. and of other States, with great effect. He takes strong grounds for Gen. Taylor. The St. Louis Reveille gave a sketch of his speech in hat city, on a recent occasion, of which the following is an extract: "Col. Doniphan was Taylor to the heart's core, In answer to the sneers of "pin-feather politicians," that the Ije ro of Buena Vista had "no stnse," he gave a vivid sketch of his career as a soldier and a general, and, making his last great fight shine forth as the grand pivot on which turned the success of the war. Col. D., though in many respects a rough speaker, spoke with surpassing eloquence and force on this point. With re gard to Gen. Taylor's scholarship, he likened it to that of Washington and Jackson, neither of whom had come before the world vouched by academic "sheepskin." Gen. Taylor.however, throughout his life had been a frontier officer, and his whole leisure had been devoted to books. There was not a better informed man in the country, on all subjects ot true interest than he was." One of the most striking traits in the charac ter of General Taylor, (says the New Orleans Bee,) is his kindness of heart. An incident occurred a few days ago strongly illustrative of this predominant feeling. A party of friends were on a visit to the General, and while in conversation referred to his exploits in Mexi co, and the glory arid fame he had acquired by his victories: "Gentlemen," replied the true hearted patriot, "it may be that I have gained some military reputation by my campaign in Mexico, but, if I know myself, 1 would gladly forfeit every particle of what you term glory, could the sacrifice but bring back to life any one of my gallant countrymen whose blood flowed like water in the accomplishment of the victories to which you allude." Benton and Butler. The Washington cor respondent of the Philadelphia North Ameri can gives the subjoined statement in relation to the affair between Senators Benton and But ler: The usual communication, inquiring wheth er a personal application of the offensive lan guage employed by ftlr. iienton, in reply to Mr. Butlers proposi ion lor an mvestiea ion of the publication of the resolutions re specting Gen. Kearney, was addressed to Mr. iientou yesterday morning. .During me nay an answer was received, in which he simply reiterated the language, without explanation of any sort. Upon consultation, it was con sidered that Mr. Benton did not mean to dis claim the imputation, since he had refused the opportunity otfered by a courteous inquirv and under circumstances which demanded an explanation, if he contemplated such a contin gency. Accordingly a peremptory message was fle liveredlast uight, which precluded any other than a direct reponse. ilus communication was presented by Mr. Foote. An answe was received to-day, in which Mr. Benton de cliued to continue the negotiation through Mr Foote, but not upon grounds affecting the per sonal honor of that gentleman. The affair re mained in a state ol suspense until this alter noon, when warrants ot arrest and subpoenas were served on the parties, upon information lodged before a magistrate. The hearing of Mr. Uutler and Mr. Benton was deter red until to-morrow. Mr. Mangum tea lified to the delivery of ihe origiuai com muni cation. . The matter may slop hen, but I am inclined to doubt it it will. audi an indignity wil not be. brooked by ony oue having the Butle blood iu his veins. . New York for Taylor. the Herald has an estimate, based upon the strength of the elec tion of 1847, in w hich it allows Mr. Van Bu ren fifteen thousand Whig votes, and says that the whigs will then poll 217,000, which will be a be a majority over the Hunkers of 75,000 and of 90,000 over ihe Barnburners. It add that New York may be set down "all right for Taylor." Leaving Cass for Taylor. The. Red Rive Republican, a widely circulated and infiuen tial paper,fmblished at Alexandria, La., and heretofore the leading Locofoco organ in the parish of Lapides and the north western pa of the Srate, has stricken from its columns the names of Cass and Butler, and in their stead float triumphantly the honored names of Tay lor and Fillmore. Thomas Corwin for Taylor. No man ac quainted with Thomas Corwin has doubted a moment where Tie would be found in the Pre sidential contest now going on. A better whig does not live. He has always been found sup porting whig measures. For that reason he gives his support to Gen. Taylor, as will be seen by the following letter which we find in the Brookville American: ' - Washington, 20th July, 1S48. Dear Sir: Your letter of the 14th inst., reached me half an hour ago, and I avail my self of rr.y earliest leisure moment to replv. 1 have seen in the papers from various parts of me country contradictory conjectures as to the vote of this and that person, and amongst oth ers myself. - I have never doubted as to my duty as a vo ter, since the nomination was made. It is true, I did not wish General Taylor. I preferred others to him. But a convention of tvhigs was called, expressly for the purpose of agree ing upon one ot the five or six named. 1 wt,s in favor of that convention, and as it was fair ly conducted, I feel bound to sustain its nomi nee. Had the man been named that I wished, and the friends of Gen. Taylor had refused to sustain him, I am sure I should feel warranted in charging them with bad faith. I cannot ap ply one rute to myself, and a dulerent one to others. Had the convention named a man ho was not a whigVor who wasinfamousand unworthy, I should feel in that case absolved from any obligation to support such a man. But Gen. Taylor does not fall within cither of these classes. He is a whig. He isabovesus- picion or reproach in his personal character. He has proved himself worthy of every public trust confided to him, and that I think is a rea sonable guaranty that he will not fail in this. ! 1 know the uon-slaveholding States obiect to Gen. Taylor, that he lives in a slave State and owns slaves. Did not Mr. Clay live in a slave State? does he not now? Was not Mr. Clav slaveholder? Yet we were proud to vole for him, and I would now do more and sacrifice more to place him in the Fxecutive rhair than would lor any man m America. And so would thousands of the purest and best men in the free Slates. Thus, this objection is not in superable, as we have seen. The non-slave- holding States should ask this question: Will the man proposed, (whether he live in a free or Slave State,) use his power for the ex tension ol tlavery to territory to where l does not now exist? On this point what is Gen. Taylor's power? No more, 1 answer. than yours, unless he should exert it through his veto. Will he do this? I answer accord ing to his pledges he cannot. He has said in his letter to Capt. Allison "The personal pinions of the individual who may happen to occupy the executive chair, ought not to con- troi tue action oi congress upon questions ol domestic poucy, nor ougni nis objection to he interposeu, where questions ot constitutional power have been settled by the various depart ments of the government, and acquieg.-ed- in by the people." 11 slavery is extended any where in territo ries, it nust be done by the act of Congress. Is it not a question of "domestic policy?-' Clearl) it is. Has it not been settled that Congress has the constitutional power to pro- niDiisiaery me Missouri compronuse.and uiiuus omer simitar exertions oi me power Dy congress recognised by every department of the government answers this question in mrmauve. And all Know that this has been or . . 'acquiesced in by the neople." Thus. then, it is clear, that the people, if thev wish to restrict slavery to its present limits, have only to elect me proper men to Unigress, and their will, will be law, uncontrolled by that so much a bused veto power. Indeed, the doctrine of Gen. laylor on the subject of the veto, as laid down in the letter above quoted, (intended for puDiication and therefore to be considered a pledge) is, in my judgment, of more value as a principle in our system, than any which has Deen advocated Dy the whigs since the revolu tion. This despotic power, by its use and a- buse, has tor the last lew years extended its tv ranuical grasp to every, even the minutest ques tion of legislation. It has ranged, uncontroll ed, over our whole system of domestic policy, rom the estaDiisnment ol a Bank down to the erection of a harbor at the mouth of a creek Every act of the Congress of a free people has tnus Deen made to square with the indgment or caprice of ONE MAN. Such a government is an accurate definrtion of a despotism. It is true, it only continues for four years in one hand; but it is none the less a despotism while it lasts, and if it is to be Ionger. tolerated, will re continual, me only change being the trans fer of absolute power from the bands of one party tyrant to his successor. An honest man, as Gen. Taylor is admitted to be, with such op- : : i li. - . ii- i i iuiousbuu reusuuauie intelligence, wnicneven his enemies concede, can not make a bad or dangerous President. I have been asked how can you, who denounced the Mexican war, vote for its Hero? My answer is, to me, plain and obvious: Gen. Taylor was an officer of the regulerarmy. He took his commission when a youth. He contracted to fight when and where his country called, and to obey the or ders of his superiors in command. The Presi dent was commander-in-chief. He ordered Gen. Taylor obeyed. He acted as Scott and hundreds ot others did. It was, and is, the view of their duty; taken by all officers of the army and navy, it is a very different question with volunteers. The government requests it does not, cannot command a citizen, to vol unteer his services in a foreign war. The gov ernment can compel the militia "to repel in vasion but it cannot force bevond the United States line a single man except he is in the reg ular army. In the speech, tor which 1 have been so much condemned, by men who never read it, 1 took this distinction. It is too obvious to escape any one who chooses to think. 1 intended to sar a word concerning Gen: Cass, but have not the lime, and need not tax your patience further. 1 will only add that, in my judgment, his views ot public policy are more pregnant with danger to the Kepubuc than those of anv prominent politician ever yet promulgated in this country: and, if car ried out, as 1 fear they would be, should he suc ceed, would be fa'.al to the happiness of the people, and end in the total subversion of our present form of government. His wild schemes of wars of conquest, and unbounded" annexa tion of all neighboring countries, and atl sor's of population, are fraught with evils, in my judgement, quite too obvious to need lllustra tion, to say nothing of the reckless disregard of rigntswhich they imply, lhat he entertains these notions sicerely (as 1 am willing to ad mit,) ouly renders him the more dangerous. If !ie was not in tamest, he would only be a demagogue, and might be expected, when such pretences had served the purpose of an election, to change (as he has recently on other subjects) his opinion?. Between two such men, I can not hesitate. I know 1 differ with good men. and good whige, but I mst obey my conviction of duty, and cheerfully yield to them the sume right. lruty your friend, THOMAS CORWIN. J. M. Clements, Blooming Grove, la. He that helps the wicked injured the good. The Sierra Madre Movement. The St. Louis Republican has the following in regard to this movement: We understand that, during the last few days, several interviews have taken place at the Planter's House, between an envoy or agent of the States of Northern Mexico which are ex pected to sanction the declaration of indepen dence 8nd unite in forming the new republic of Sierra Madre, and Gen. Shields. All the indications are that the General has accepted the command of the "buffalo hunt," and will place himself at the head of the "Ou sel Owls." At least, such is the impression of those who takean interest and are involved in the success of the enterprise. For our own part, we doubt the-probability of the General ever excepting the command of such an expi dilion, although he may have given assurances to that effect. A seat "in the U.S. Senate, for six years, is a much more comfortable position. Of the probable chance of attaining this ele vation, we presume the General will satisfy himself, before he volunteers hisserviceseiiher for Ireland or the Sierre Madr. We copied an article from the New Orleans Delta a few days since, says the Louisville Journal, which stated that Col. Kinney was also connected with this expedition. Col. K. became the purchaser of a large, number of horses, mules, wagons, &c, sold by the U. S. Government when the army left Mexico. Much of this property, it is said, he still re tains, after having realised a handsome profit upon the sai? of a portion of it. It is also fur ther intimated that he holds several pieces of ordnance with arms and ammunition which were sold by the United States Government in Mexico, which will be placed at the disposal of the new republic. CO" The Philadelphia News states that Commodore Stewart is in favor of the election of Gen. Taylor to the Presidency. It will be remembered that the commodore was one of the Locofoco aspirants for the Presidency, and that his name was introduced into the Balti more convention in 1814 in connection with that high office. Two of the Locofoco Presidential aspirants in 1844 are now opposing the election of Gen. Cass Mr. Vau Buren and Commodore Stew art. Not only are these very prominent Loco focos hostile to Casf, but a large number of those who were the most conspicuous mem bers of the party in 1844 are endeavoring to defeat him. With such facts before their eyes some of the locofocos have the effrontery to assert that their party is not distracted by any serious tyeds and that Lass can get the vote of the party! JNovember will tell a very ditter ent tale.. ; . C3"Tlie campaighof Gen. Taylor presents a sublime and beautiful picture. It is that of a faithful and manly servant obeying ordershe did not overly approve of, but the propriety or impropriety of which he did feel himielf at liberty to discuss, and bing naturally of a taciturn cast of mind, did much work will say ing very little. He received orders from his" governrtent to march upon occupy Corpus (Jhristi. In due time he writes back, and the following conversation may be imagined to have taken place. . "I am.at Corpus Christi." "Tak post on the extreme lroulier of Tex as." "What is the extreme frontier of Texas' ' "Plague on the fellow. But we must give him some line. The Rio Grande." "I am on the Rio Grande." "If the enemy attacks you, repulse him." "I have repulsed him." Follow him and take Ma tarnoros." "I have taken Matamoros.? "Follow him and take np your quarters in Monterey." "I am in Monterey." "Follo.v him and whip him again." "Buena Vista, Feb. 24, 1847. "I think I have whipped him so bad, he cant cry." "You are wanted at home to be President.' A Palpable Hit. The Boston Atlas thus discourses to the "recusant whigs" who pretend they cannot support Gen. Taylor because he is no whig, and yet talk about voting for Van Buren: Those whigs who called the Worcester Con vention, to oppose Gen. Taylor, because he was "not a whig, are requested to meet at the town pump, to make preparations to support that true whig. Martin Van Buren. Mr. ll'il- son.of Natick, and Judge Allen are requested to bring with them copies of their speeches made in 1840. The Van Buren men in Con cord are to bring the big ball. A transparency of Van Buren giving his casting vote to rifle the matlsof anti-slavery letters and papers, will be exhibited. Prentice is responsible for this hit, at the cat-like vitality of candidate Cass: "One of the Boston trancendentalists says lhat 'too much life. is' death.' If that's the case, we apprehend that Cass' seven lives will bi the death of him." Ctr?The following is the result of a vote for President, taken on board of the steamer Baltic, on her trip from Chicago to Buffa lo: Taylor, 42; Cass, 12; Vau Buren, 3; Hale, 3. - " Ges. Taylor says, if elected President, he will be guided solely by the Constitution. The dying words of Gen. Haerison were "I wish you to understand the true principles of the Government I wish them carried out- ask nothing more." Can any supporter of Harrison hesitate to vote for Taylor? William G. Brownlow, the eccentric Editor of the Joiiesborough Term. J Whig, his de clared his intention to vote for Taylor and Fillmore, and writes: "You can say to your friends that Tennessee will go for Taylor and Fillmore by a moiority of five or ten thousand votes that this district heretofore democratic, will give them a major itv a iid last, though not least, that thiscoun ty, always democratic, will go for Taylor and Fillmore. Yours &c, G. W. EaowxLow." Letter from Gen. Taylor. The Memphis Eagle, of the 16th, contaius the following let ter from Gen. Taylor. , It was written to a friend end intended to be "private," but it seems to have been regarded as a good and suf ficient answer to all the lies and sanders which have been concocted against him, since his nom ination for the Presidency, and this reason, has induced a publication of it. Gen. Lane lias said that Gen. Taylor, is incapable of falsehood a long life of military service, where, of all other circles, such an offence is regarded as od ious, substantiates it and now, we would be lieve Gen. Taylor's plain denial of the charges against him, sooner than we would. the oaths of the men who have lent their names loaccus ations calculated and intended to injure him before the country. The Locofoco papers may give circulation to falsehoods; and they may obtian the namt s of camp-followers and miser able partizans to substantiate them, but this honest declaration of Zachary Tavlor will far outweigh all such reckless accusations. The people will believe him, when they could not be. made to believe statements put forward with the evident design of lying him out of the Pre sidency just as these knaves attempted by fraud and forger) to destroy the character of John J. Crittenden with the people ofKentuc ky. Baton Rouge, La., Aug. 5, 1843. My Dear Sir: Your esteemed letter of the 29th ult., enclosing a slip cut from the "Mem phis Appeal," was this moment received, con taining statements said to have been made by me disrespectful of the volunteers: among olh-: ers, that 1 had said they were not worth their rations, and that this can be proved, together with many other evidences of uitkimlness to wards them on my part; atl of which is with out the slightest foundation. There is but lil-j tie doubt in my mind that he who invents a falsehood to injure his neighbor or fellow-citizen, as well as he who lends himself to and aids, in giving circulation to the same, know ing it to be false, would not hesitate one mo rn nt to swear to it on the Holy Bible. My numerous official reports to the War Depart ment in relation to the gallant and patriotic volunteers, which have been so extensively published in most of the leading public jour-, nals of the country, give the lie direct to the statements in question; and which the gentle men of the ."Appeal" might have known had they looked an inch beyond their noses, or wished to have made themselves acquainted with all the facts in the case, before they pub lished so gross a slander in regard to one who had never injured them, and whose only crime was, that his name without his agency in the matter, had been brought before the country by a portion of his fellow-citizens for the first office in the gift of a great and free people. As to the romantic story about the wounded soldier at Buena Vista,, (in connexion-with a Mexican lady) which ended so tragically, and who is said to have ben shot by my order, it is without the slightest foundation; nothing of the kind, or even approaching it, ever took place; nor do 1 believe was ever heard of ex cept at Memphis and vicinity, before it was published in t2e "Appeal;" it is on a par with the story thrtt I had spokeri disr 'sprct,!. and otherwise outraged the rtOlunturs; and a more base and heartless calumny was never propagated. Nojra drop of American blood w3 heiiv.bju--iny' order while in Mexico, nor thaf of a Mexican, except in the heat of battle. The whole matter contained in said slip is too silly to be credited, nor would I have no ticed it had I not deemed it proper to reply to your friendly communication. - I must, from my position. expect to beassail ed by many unscrupulous editorsof newspapers, as well as hired demagogues, without regard to truth, deceflcy, oranylhing else! I have there fore made up my mind not to suffer such things to 'annoy me, let them emanate from what quar ter they may; but to "pursue the even tenor of my way," without turning to the right or to the left to notice them. With considerations of high respect and es teem, Your friend and ob't. servant, Z. TAYLOR. The Two Lives. It seems to be very clear from the subjoined statement of the Wasbing-( ton correspondent of the Philadelphia North American that Gen. Cass was privy to the fact of the preparation of the two lives of himself containing the contradictory statements as to his position on the Wilmot proviso question. Indeed there is little room for doubt on the subject, a s Cass was at the seat of government at the time, and his friends would not have dared to attempt such an attrocious decep tion without some sort of consultation with him. The following is "Independent's" state ment: .. On the day on which Mr. Mangum exposed to the notice of the Senate the deception in the two editions of the lile of Gen. Caas, the Hon. John Went worth volunteered in the pres ence of ont or more Whig Senators, a state ment to this effect: That he purchased at the office of the Congressional Globe documents lor circulation in his district, and among others the life of Cass issued in the month of March. Upon examining the "sketch," he discovered the extract from the Nicholson letter, with n commentary by the biographer, unfavorable to the Vvimot proviso, tearing the political effect of such a document in the free Statcs.and being himself a Wilmot proviso man, he called on Gen. Cass and represented to him the dan gerous tendency of circulating the publication at theisorlh. uen. L,ass informed mm mat it should be corrected. Some time afterwards he had occasion to visit the Congressional Globe office, when he was informed that an edition' of his life had just bun published belter suited to his district, accompanied by the vol untary remark, that the hrst sketch had bun issued to secure the nomination, and the other to secure the election. This is substantially the statement made by Mr. Wentworth, and it furnishes the most in contestable evidence that the insertion and suppression of the matter relating to the Wil mot proviso in me uiuereni minions oi me me of Gen. Cass was a wilful and deliberate fraud concocted for the purpose of operating on the North and South, and of which lie was entirely cognizant. The metropolitan organ has attempted to treat this conspiracy with indifference, as if a fraud so mtirtslrous and touching a question so delicate was matter for biidiii.iuge. I vr nrehend that the honist ptop'.e whom it was designed to deceive will think otherwise, and punish it with the severest reprobation. At all events, every man who respects the obliga tions of integrity and honor in politics mu-st repudiate connection with a party, whose can didate or responsible leaders could be guilty of contriving and executing a fraudulent fcchemc like this. Condition of Europe. A correspondent of the New York Commercial Advertiser, writing from Faris i nder date of the 27th ult. says: "Paris is at this moment the most quiet, calm and orderly capital of Europe; and France, strange to say, is less agitated by external and internal difficulties than any other of the great or small powers, except, perhaps.Russia. Lon don is all astir with tho Leavings of the Irish volcano; Berlin is aghast at the refusal of Gen. Wrangel to make an amnesty with the Danes, according to the orders of the king, on the ground that the central government of Germa ny must decide. the question; at Frankfort the constitution makers have ceased their pedantic disquisitions for a momentto speak the voice of Germany to her recusnt members, though whether Prussia and Hanoverand Bavaria will obey is another matter; at Vienna the Sclaves are out-voting the Germans in the Diet; ii Itc ly there is fear of the Austrians, and lhat the the French will not bring the "aid they have so often promised: and everywhere there is dem ocratic and social agitation, the conflict of ideas and chaos of opinions more confused and interminable in appearance than the ancient chaos, over whose deformities anddiscords was hung the veil of impenetrable night." fX3In reply to a question put to us on the subject, we will state that 'M. P." are not the real initialsof the writer of thearlicles tnus signed they do not designate either his chris tian or surname. Democrat. . Exactly so. We would not, were we "M. P.," like to have it known that, without cause or provocation of any kind, we had slandered and abused an old, highly respectable.nnoffend ing and accommodating citizen, as Mr. Bul lock is known to be. If we were tlaslarJ enough to commit such an outrage we would keep our name from the public for fear we should be hooted out of society by all good citizens. "M. P." should hide his head from the public. Slavery Question. The Washington cor respondent of the N. Y. Journal of Commerce, after referring to the action ot Congress on tha slavery question at the close of the recent ses sion, makes these statements: The Southern men generally of both parties, and more particularly the Calhoun men, leave this city with a fixed determination to rccom mend to. the. South some decided and separate ac. ion on this subject. vThe attempt made to procure a meeting of the Southern members signally failed. Mr. Meade, u snernber from Petersburgh, Virginia, wrote and carried around a paper inviting a meeting of-the Southern members, without distinction of party, lor the purpose of protest ing againsts the course of Congress on this subect, and demand ing for the South to be placed on equalooting with the North, as to the use and enjoyment of the new territories. The paper was handed to many and very lew cousented to sign, many refused. If the meet- -iug had been held, it would have been not a meeting of Southern members, Dut a partial meeting of the Cass men of the South. The same will be the remit, no doubt, of any at tempt that may be made in the Southern States to get up a convention. Geu. Houston declar ed that no respectable man in the South could go into a conventiou of a character so wild, unnecessary, and mutinous. Mr. Calhoun would not heed the concention, declared the General, because he himself voted against the bill containing the Missouri compromise and continued he, heaven will not heed it and men would scout it. - Awful Fire is Albaky. The telegraph brought the intelligence of a terrific conflagra tion iu Albany, N. Y., a few days ego, and we now subjoin some particulars from the New York Tribune: Albany, Thursday, Aug. 179 P. M. The district of the city burned is bounded south by Herkimer to Church street, thence west along to Lydius, crossing Lydius street. The fire proceeded north along Union to Hud son street. The line of that street was the boundary of the fire. The eastern boundary, was the dock, along which, with exception of' three or four stores, all was burned. Those acquainted with Albany will find that about one-eighth of the city is in ruins. The streets burned are Herkimer on the north side from the dock to Church, Lydius on both sides from Dock to Union street, Denniston street entire ly, Hamilton from Dock to Union, Division from Dock to Union, South Broadway from Herkimer to near Hudson, Church from Her kimer to South Broadway, a portion of Dallius street, Liberty street from Lydius to Hudson, and Union mostly ou both sides from Lydius ' to Hudson street. In South Broadway the Eagle tavern. Uni ted States Hotel, and the Towuseud House are among the principal buildings burned. At the Townsend House the fire was checked on the east side of the street by the rain, on the west side by the rain, and brick store on the corner of Hudson. The entire of the pier from Hamilton street bridge to the cut used by the Boston ferry-boat is completely swept away. Here '.he fire was communicated to the freight barges, &c, des troying several. The destruction here was im mense. The floats used in the basin for the storage of property are burn?d. Eight or ten freight barges belonging to the Hudson river andSwiftsure. lines and the schooner Colentof Boston were burned. The schooner Eliza Ma tilda of Boston was much damaged. The Co lumbia street market and three or four buildings north of it were also destroyed. It is impossi ble to estimate the loss. Two millions of dol lars may cover it, but this is but guess work. The number of buildings of all kinds destroyed cannot be less than five hundred! The insurance is also large, but it is doubted whether all can be made available. To the providential change of the wind from the south to the north, followed soon after by a drench ing rain, can the preservation of our city from a wide-spread ruin alone be ascribed. Had not tha wind -baug?d, the power of men rould not" have stopped the conflagration, and it must on ly have 6tcp'ped by reaching the northern . bounds of the city. " The fjremen of Troy, West Troy, and Sehen ectady were here in full force. The conflagra tion in Liberty street was stopped .by blowing - i;p nouses, n in iraita mat several lives were io.it rumor says as many as fen, but there is no positive infoimation. The museum and other places of eute nirimnt are closed. Gov. Dojrr l as ti'ten tho fild for Cass and Sutler. lie took the fieM for revolution once, " bat run frrrn C'r.epaebet faster than Cass will ; in Noveiutwr with the people. i i i r i '