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Evansville weekly journal. [volume] (Evansville, Ind.) 184?-18??, August 31, 1848, Image 1

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NO. 28.
; " .- - . ' ,1 . ' - T-. .. ,. .. J -' ' . ...... A.
Of Louisiana.
Of New York.
JOSEPH G. MARSHALL, of Jefferson.
GOD LOVE S. OR'l'H, of Teppecanoe.
. 4th
Dist James E. Bi.ythe, ot vnnderburg.
JoHJi S. Davis, of Floyd.
" Milton Greiju, of Dearborn.
David P. Hom.oway, of Watxk,
" Thomas D. Walpoou, of Hancock.
Ixjveij. H. Rousseau, of Greene, .
" Koward.W. JldJi-AGHty, oi I'ark.
James F. Suit, of Clinton.
" Daniel D. PratT, ol Cass.'
David Kilgoue, of Delaware. -
03" Camp Taylor" was lighted up last
night for the first time, and large as it is,' was
pretty well filled. Quite a number of ladies
were present to hear the speeches and encour
age by their smiles, the efforts of their fathers,
husbands and brothers and cheer them on 'o
victory. Jas. G. Jones, and J. R. Harper, Es
quires, addressed the meeting, and were listen
ed to with marked attention throughout. The
Band performed several new pieces with good
effect, and the Glee Clubgave the meeting one
or two good songs. The Rough and Ready
Club meets again on Saturday night.-
QCT" Ne nave seen returns from fifty-three
counties in this State, about one-half, and the
majority in favor of free schools is 14,107!
We have not the least doubt but the majority
w ill reach 20,000, perhaps far exceed it.
fXj-The Senate struck out of the Post Of
fice bill provision allowing newspapers to cir
culate thirty miles square free of postage.
State Sentinel.
The State Sentinel might just as well have
plated that the Senate that rejected this clause
is largelj locofoco; and the House which in
serted it, whig. The people know, however,
who are the friends of the poor.
A letter from an officeron the Rio Grande
tates that it is the intention of the Govern
ment to occupy two stations in that region,
viz: Point Isabel and a site near Fort Brown,
nearly opposite Matamoras. where a town is
rapidly springing up. It is said to be a delight
ful spot, high and healthy.
More News from Ireland. We publish
this morning another telegraphic despatch.giv
ing further particulars of the fight between the
Irish and British troops, in which it is said the
latter were defeated and many of them killed
and wounded. The O Bnen tracas seems to
have been altogether a separate affair. ' ,
It will be seen that the British Governmen
has ordered all American packets arriving in,
her ports to be searched to prevent any aid being
given to the Irish by the people of this country.
Great vigilance is exercised by the British to
hinder from goingabroad what is actually tran
spiring in Ireland.
KfJ-The Louisville Journal of yesterday
ays: We were in error in stating a few; days
ince that the Evansville and Vincennes tele
graph line had commenced "operations. We
understand that Mr. Whitman, of the teleeraph
office in this city and a very skilful operator,
leaves for Evansville to-day to put the line in
operation. From an intimate acquaintance
with Mr. W., we can recommend him to the
citizens of Evansville as a gentleman worthy
of their highest confidence. .
. P. S. Since the above was put in type, the
Telegraph between this place and Vincennes
has been put in operation, and messages have
been sent and answers received.
CC3Jolin M. Botts has been so , often mis
represented in the presidential miestion, that
- a
he publishes a letter in the National Intelli
gencer, in which he states the position he oc
cupies, and concludes by saying that he "shall
vote for Gen. Taylor," and adds "I will not
presume to offer my advice to others; every
man must take the responsibility of acting for
. himself as his judgement dictates; , all I can
-"venture to do is, to set them what I hope may
prove to be a good example.
A Quandary! In 1810 the locofocos said
that Gen. Harrison was a "granny.", , They are
now trying to make the public believe that
Gen. Cass was Gen. Harrison's aid! Misrep
resentations are "like young chickens, they
Etill come home to roost I"
. Queen Victoria is 29 years old, has been
married 8 years, and has given 6 heirs to the
throne. - - - -
A New NAME.-The New York Express has
christened the Free Soil men, the Buffaloes',
from the fact that they held their Convention
st Buffalo.
First Streak of Lightning. The Telegraph
Line between this city and Vincennes, con
ing with the St. Louis and Louisville
line, went into operation on yesterday, and so
far has worked admirably. The office was
pretty well crowded during the day with citi
zens curious to' witness, the working of the
lightning, and by a number also on business.
What amount of -business was done we are
not abie to say, but it was considerable. The
Trustees kindly invited us to hold a - confab
with our old friend Caddington, and we ac
cordingly transmitted the following:
The Editor of the Evansville Journal pre
sents his respects by lightning to R. Y.- Cad
dington Esq., of the Vincennes Gazette, and
congratulates him and the good people of the
Wabash Valley upon the completion of the
Branch Line connecting Vincennes and Evans
ville. i- ( . ' . .
P. S. The Whigs raised a Taylor pole and
dedicated their "shanty" last night.
. , ' , W. H. CHANDLER.
And in a short time we received the follow
ing in return:
- The Editor of the Vincennes Gazette extends
to Bro. Chandler the right hand of fellowship
and through him to the citizens ol hvansville
generally. Hurrah tor Lightning and its el
tects! Thanks Bro. C. for the first streak from
Evansville. : R. Y. CADDINGTON.
The following pretty lines on the subject of
The Magnetic Telegraph" were handed us by
a gentlemen, and at his request we insert them
here: '
Along the smooth and slender wires
The sleepless heralds run,
Fast as the ch ar and livingrays
Go streaming from the sun;
No peala or (lashes heard or seen.
Their wondrous flight betray,
And yet their words are quickly felt
In cities far away. '
Nor summer's heat, nor winter's hail,
Can check their rapid course;
They meet unmoved the fierce wind's rage
The rough wave's sweeping force: -
In the long night of rain and wrath,
As in the blaze of day, -They
rush, with news of wetl or wo.
To thousands far away.
But faster still than tidings borne
On that electric cord,
Rise the pure, thoughts of him who loves
The Christian's life and Lord
Of him who taught in smiles and tears
With fervent lips to pray,
Maintains high converse here on earth
With bright worlds far away.
Aye! though no outward wish is breathed,
Nor outward answer given,
. The. sighing of that humble heart
Is known and felt in heaven.
Those Ion j frail wires may bend and break,
Those viewless heralds stay,
But Faith's last word shall reach the throne
Of God, though far away.
Kentucky Elections. In 98 counties Crit
tenden's majority is 8,512, and leaving two
counties Perry and Letcher, to hear from,which
in 1844 gave Butler majority of 68.
As to the Legislature, the Senate will stand
as it did last year, viz: 27 whigs, 11 locos. In
the House of Representatives, which consists
of 100 members, as far as heard from, the whigs
have 63 and the locos 31, leaving 6 members
to he heard from.
Cass at Home. The last number of the
Detroit Advertiser has the following:
We hear from reliable authority that the
Hon. Tho. Wood, of Washtenaw county, for
merly a locofoco member in the Legislature
from that county, has bolted the Cass pariy.and
is out good and strong for either old Zeck or
somebody else besides Cass. We might fill
half a column any day with names of deserters
from the Cass camp, if we would take pains to
remember them. Some of the most promi
nent Locofocos in the State are among the bol
ters, r .
"What Ofeices are made fob. The Locofo-
co "Executive Committee at Washington,''
says the- Philadelphia North American,
which remains there to do the political work
of the Presidential campaign to "supply all
voters .with documents," prepare ''valuable
compilations setting forth the true issues of the
contest," &c. receive "money," intended "for
the purpose of disseminating political intelli
gence, but, above all, to counteract "an ex
tensive system of misrepresentation," to which
according to the Committee'sGeneral Circular
of June 24, "it is certain (?) that the leaders of
the Federal or Whig party will resort," this
working committee of politicians, be it observ
ed, consists of the three following personages,
whose names are affixed to the General Circu
lar, viz.
H. S. Foote,
Edmund Burke,
W. I. Brow jr.
Every body knows thatH. S. Foote is a Sen
ator of theUnited States from Mississippi: and if
he rhooses to ro nain at Washington, chairman
of an electioneering committee, employing
his uncommon talents and profound erudition
in the responsible occupation of franking Lo
cofoco documents, nobody will be surprised or
grieved. ' Edmund Buike, however, is Com
missioner of Pateuts, and W. I. Brown is As
sistant Postmaster Genesal, both of them sala
ried officers of the Government, the servants
of the people of the United States, employed
at high salaries, to perform laborious duties
appertaining to their officers, fully sufficient
to occupy all their time and attention.
Now, it is a question, 'which the American
people may soon find it to their interest to an
swer in some authoritative way, whether it
can be considered either proper or descent for
public servants, in this gross manner, to aban
don the duties of their offices, for the purpose
of performing the political work of even a
Washington Executive Comrnitte.
" CO" Governor Owsley offers a reward of
S150 for the arrest of Mark Emmerson Mich
ael," who . is charged with having murdered
Elisha Bell in Wayne county, Ky.
"Damages for Loss of Life A Good Law.
The Legislature of New Jersey, at its last
session, passed a lawgiving to surviving rela
tives ot a person killed in public conveyances,
a claim for damages against the corporation or
person Dy whose wrong or neglect the injury
resulted, and recommended the law to the con
sideration of other States."
Hitherto the common law of England has
prevailed throughout the States, that as the
life of a subject or citizen is above computa
tion no carnage can be recovered therefor.
The damage of a limb can be assessed, but not
a life.
The law reporters give us another strange
case of damage claimed in England some years
ago. A man driving a sulky through London
ran over a poor man's child, not quite two
years old, and broke its leg. The father of the
child brought suit against the party causing the
injury, but failed to recover because it could
not be made out that the child could render
any, the smallest service in which he suffered
damage. Some of the bar thought it a fair case
and carried it eventually to the highest court
they could reach with it, but failed in all. It
was contended that he should pay the surgeons
bill, but this met with the reply that the fa
ther could have sent it to the hospital where it
would have been cared for without charge.
The law was fully and fairly tested in the case
but which denied the father any redress. Could
it have been made to appear that, the child
could render any service, such as to go to the
post office or even bring a drink of water, the
courts and jury were well inclined to even vin
dictive damages, but no foundation could be
found to build on.
ColoselDosipiian.--Thisdislinguished gen
tleman is addressing the People ot Missouri.
and of other States, with great effect. He
takes strong grounds for Gen. Taylor. The St.
Louis Reveille gave a sketch of his speech in
hat city, on a recent occasion, of which the
following is an extract: "Col. Doniphan was
Taylor to the heart's core, In answer to the
sneers of "pin-feather politicians," that the Ije
ro of Buena Vista had "no stnse," he gave a
vivid sketch of his career as a soldier and a
general, and, making his last great fight shine
forth as the grand pivot on which turned the
success of the war. Col. D., though in many
respects a rough speaker, spoke with surpassing
eloquence and force on this point. With re
gard to Gen. Taylor's scholarship, he likened it
to that of Washington and Jackson, neither of
whom had come before the world vouched by
academic "sheepskin." Gen. Taylor.however,
throughout his life had been a frontier officer,
and his whole leisure had been devoted to books.
There was not a better informed man in the
country, on all subjects ot true interest than
he was."
One of the most striking traits in the charac
ter of General Taylor, (says the New Orleans
Bee,) is his kindness of heart. An incident
occurred a few days ago strongly illustrative of
this predominant feeling. A party of friends
were on a visit to the General, and while in
conversation referred to his exploits in Mexi
co, and the glory arid fame he had acquired by
his victories: "Gentlemen," replied the true
hearted patriot, "it may be that I have gained
some military reputation by my campaign in
Mexico, but, if I know myself, 1 would gladly
forfeit every particle of what you term glory,
could the sacrifice but bring back to life any
one of my gallant countrymen whose blood
flowed like water in the accomplishment of the
victories to which you allude."
Benton and Butler. The Washington cor
respondent of the Philadelphia North Ameri
can gives the subjoined statement in relation
to the affair between Senators Benton and But
The usual communication, inquiring wheth
er a personal application of the offensive lan
guage employed by ftlr. iienton, in reply to
Mr. Butlers proposi ion lor an mvestiea
ion of the publication of the resolutions re
specting Gen. Kearney, was addressed to Mr.
iientou yesterday morning. .During me nay
an answer was received, in which he simply
reiterated the language, without explanation
of any sort. Upon consultation, it was con
sidered that Mr. Benton did not mean to dis
claim the imputation, since he had refused the
opportunity otfered by a courteous inquirv
and under circumstances which demanded an
explanation, if he contemplated such a contin
Accordingly a peremptory message was fle
liveredlast uight, which precluded any other
than a direct reponse. ilus communication
was presented by Mr. Foote. An answe
was received to-day, in which Mr. Benton de
cliued to continue the negotiation through Mr
Foote, but not upon grounds affecting the per
sonal honor of that gentleman. The affair re
mained in a state ol suspense until this alter
noon, when warrants ot arrest and subpoenas
were served on the parties, upon information
lodged before a magistrate. The hearing
of Mr. Uutler and Mr. Benton was deter
red until to-morrow. Mr. Mangum tea
lified to the delivery of ihe origiuai com muni
. The matter may slop hen, but I am inclined
to doubt it it will. audi an indignity wil
not be. brooked by ony oue having the Butle
blood iu his veins. .
New York for Taylor. the Herald has an
estimate, based upon the strength of the elec
tion of 1847, in w hich it allows Mr. Van Bu
ren fifteen thousand Whig votes, and says that
the whigs will then poll 217,000, which will
be a be a majority over the Hunkers of 75,000
and of 90,000 over ihe Barnburners. It add
that New York may be set down "all right
for Taylor."
Leaving Cass for Taylor. The. Red Rive
Republican, a widely circulated and infiuen
tial paper,fmblished at Alexandria, La., and
heretofore the leading Locofoco organ in the
parish of Lapides and the north western pa
of the Srate, has stricken from its columns the
names of Cass and Butler, and in their stead
float triumphantly the honored names of Tay
lor and Fillmore.
Thomas Corwin for Taylor. No man ac
quainted with Thomas Corwin has doubted a
moment where Tie would be found in the Pre
sidential contest now going on. A better whig
does not live. He has always been found sup
porting whig measures. For that reason he
gives his support to Gen. Taylor, as will be
seen by the following letter which we find in
the Brookville American: ' -
Washington, 20th July, 1S48.
Dear Sir: Your letter of the 14th inst.,
reached me half an hour ago, and I avail my
self of rr.y earliest leisure moment to replv. 1
have seen in the papers from various parts of
me country contradictory conjectures as to the
vote of this and that person, and amongst oth
ers myself. -
I have never doubted as to my duty as a vo
ter, since the nomination was made. It is true,
I did not wish General Taylor. I preferred
others to him. But a convention of tvhigs
was called, expressly for the purpose of agree
ing upon one ot the five or six named. 1 wt,s
in favor of that convention, and as it was fair
ly conducted, I feel bound to sustain its nomi
nee. Had the man been named that I wished,
and the friends of Gen. Taylor had refused to
sustain him, I am sure I should feel warranted
in charging them with bad faith. I cannot ap
ply one rute to myself, and a dulerent one to
others. Had the convention named a man
ho was not a whigVor who wasinfamousand
unworthy, I should feel in that case absolved
from any obligation to support such a man.
But Gen. Taylor does not fall within cither of
these classes. He is a whig. He isabovesus-
picion or reproach in his personal character.
He has proved himself worthy of every public
trust confided to him, and that I think is a rea
sonable guaranty that he will not fail in this. !
1 know the uon-slaveholding States obiect to
Gen. Taylor, that he lives in a slave State and
owns slaves. Did not Mr. Clay live in a slave
State? does he not now? Was not Mr. Clav
slaveholder? Yet we were proud to vole for
him, and I would now do more and sacrifice
more to place him in the Fxecutive rhair than
would lor any man m America. And so
would thousands of the purest and best men in
the free Slates. Thus, this objection is not in
superable, as we have seen. The non-slave-
holding States should ask this question: Will
the man proposed, (whether he live in a free
or Slave State,) use his power for the ex
tension ol tlavery to territory to where
l does not now exist? On this point what is
Gen. Taylor's power? No more, 1 answer.
than yours, unless he should exert it through
his veto. Will he do this? I answer accord
ing to his pledges he cannot. He has said in
his letter to Capt. Allison "The personal
pinions of the individual who may happen to
occupy the executive chair, ought not to con-
troi tue action oi congress upon questions ol
domestic poucy, nor ougni nis objection to he
interposeu, where questions ot constitutional
power have been settled by the various depart
ments of the government, and acquieg.-ed- in
by the people."
11 slavery is extended any where in territo
ries, it nust be done by the act of Congress.
Is it not a question of "domestic policy?-'
Clearl) it is. Has it not been settled that
Congress has the constitutional power to pro-
niDiisiaery me Missouri compronuse.and
uiiuus omer simitar exertions oi me power
Dy congress recognised by every department
of the government answers this question in
mrmauve. And all Know that this has been
or . .
'acquiesced in by the neople." Thus. then, it
is clear, that the people, if thev wish to restrict
slavery to its present limits, have only to elect
me proper men to Unigress, and their will,
will be law, uncontrolled by that so much a
bused veto power. Indeed, the doctrine of
Gen. laylor on the subject of the veto, as laid
down in the letter above quoted, (intended for
puDiication and therefore to be considered a
pledge) is, in my judgment, of more value as a
principle in our system, than any which has
Deen advocated Dy the whigs since the revolu
tion. This despotic power, by its use and a-
buse, has tor the last lew years extended its tv
ranuical grasp to every, even the minutest ques
tion of legislation. It has ranged, uncontroll
ed, over our whole system of domestic policy,
rom the estaDiisnment ol a Bank down to the
erection of a harbor at the mouth of a creek
Every act of the Congress of a free people has
tnus Deen made to square with the indgment
or caprice of ONE MAN. Such a government
is an accurate definrtion of a despotism. It is
true, it only continues for four years in one
hand; but it is none the less a despotism while
it lasts, and if it is to be Ionger. tolerated, will
re continual, me only change being the trans
fer of absolute power from the bands of one
party tyrant to his successor. An honest man,
as Gen. Taylor is admitted to be, with such op-
: : i li. - . ii- i i
iuiousbuu reusuuauie intelligence, wnicneven
his enemies concede, can not make a bad or
dangerous President. I have been asked how
can you, who denounced the Mexican war,
vote for its Hero? My answer is, to me, plain
and obvious: Gen. Taylor was an officer of the
regulerarmy. He took his commission when
a youth. He contracted to fight when and
where his country called, and to obey the or
ders of his superiors in command. The Presi
dent was commander-in-chief. He ordered
Gen. Taylor obeyed. He acted as Scott and
hundreds ot others did. It was, and is, the
view of their duty; taken by all officers of the
army and navy, it is a very different question
with volunteers. The government requests
it does not, cannot command a citizen, to vol
unteer his services in a foreign war. The gov
ernment can compel the militia "to repel in
vasion but it cannot force bevond the United
States line a single man except he is in the reg
ular army. In the speech, tor which 1 have
been so much condemned, by men who never
read it, 1 took this distinction. It is too obvious
to escape any one who chooses to think.
1 intended to sar a word concerning Gen:
Cass, but have not the lime, and need not tax
your patience further. 1 will only add that,
in my judgment, his views ot public policy are
more pregnant with danger to the Kepubuc
than those of anv prominent politician ever
yet promulgated in this country: and, if car
ried out, as 1 fear they would be, should he suc
ceed, would be fa'.al to the happiness of the
people, and end in the total subversion of our
present form of government. His wild schemes
of wars of conquest, and unbounded" annexa
tion of all neighboring countries, and atl sor's
of population, are fraught with evils, in my
judgement, quite too obvious to need lllustra
tion, to say nothing of the reckless disregard of
rigntswhich they imply, lhat he entertains
these notions sicerely (as 1 am willing to ad
mit,) ouly renders him the more dangerous. If
!ie was not in tamest, he would only be a
demagogue, and might be expected, when such
pretences had served the purpose of an election,
to change (as he has recently on other subjects)
his opinion?. Between two such men, I can
not hesitate. I know 1 differ with good men.
and good whige, but I mst obey my conviction
of duty, and cheerfully yield to them the sume
right. lruty your friend,
J. M. Clements, Blooming Grove, la.
He that helps the wicked injured the
The Sierra Madre Movement. The St.
Louis Republican has the following in regard
to this movement:
We understand that, during the last few days,
several interviews have taken place at the
Planter's House, between an envoy or agent of
the States of Northern Mexico which are ex
pected to sanction the declaration of indepen
dence 8nd unite in forming the new republic
of Sierra Madre, and Gen. Shields.
All the indications are that the General has
accepted the command of the "buffalo hunt,"
and will place himself at the head of the "Ou
sel Owls." At least, such is the impression
of those who takean interest and are involved
in the success of the enterprise. For our own
part, we doubt the-probability of the General
ever excepting the command of such an expi
dilion, although he may have given assurances
to that effect. A seat "in the U.S. Senate, for
six years, is a much more comfortable position.
Of the probable chance of attaining this ele
vation, we presume the General will satisfy
himself, before he volunteers hisserviceseiiher
for Ireland or the Sierre Madr.
We copied an article from the New Orleans
Delta a few days since, says the Louisville
Journal, which stated that Col. Kinney was
also connected with this expedition. Col. K.
became the purchaser of a large, number of
horses, mules, wagons, &c, sold by the U. S.
Government when the army left Mexico.
Much of this property, it is said, he still re
tains, after having realised a handsome profit
upon the sai? of a portion of it. It is also fur
ther intimated that he holds several pieces of
ordnance with arms and ammunition which
were sold by the United States Government in
Mexico, which will be placed at the disposal
of the new republic.
CO" The Philadelphia News states that
Commodore Stewart is in favor of the election
of Gen. Taylor to the Presidency. It will be
remembered that the commodore was one of
the Locofoco aspirants for the Presidency, and
that his name was introduced into the Balti
more convention in 1814 in connection with
that high office.
Two of the Locofoco Presidential aspirants
in 1844 are now opposing the election of Gen.
Cass Mr. Vau Buren and Commodore Stew
art. Not only are these very prominent Loco
focos hostile to Casf, but a large number of
those who were the most conspicuous mem
bers of the party in 1844 are endeavoring to
defeat him. With such facts before their eyes
some of the locofocos have the effrontery to
assert that their party is not distracted by any
serious tyeds and that Lass can get the vote of
the party! JNovember will tell a very ditter
ent tale.. ; .
C3"Tlie campaighof Gen. Taylor presents
a sublime and beautiful picture. It is that of
a faithful and manly servant obeying ordershe
did not overly approve of, but the propriety or
impropriety of which he did feel himielf at
liberty to discuss, and bing naturally of a
taciturn cast of mind, did much work will say
ing very little. He received orders from his"
governrtent to march upon occupy Corpus
(Jhristi. In due time he writes back, and the
following conversation may be imagined to
have taken place. .
"I am.at Corpus Christi."
"Tak post on the extreme lroulier of Tex
as." "What is the extreme frontier of Texas' '
"Plague on the fellow. But we must give
him some line. The Rio Grande."
"I am on the Rio Grande."
"If the enemy attacks you, repulse him."
"I have repulsed him."
Follow him and take Ma tarnoros."
"I have taken Matamoros.?
"Follow him and take np your quarters in
"I am in Monterey."
"Follo.v him and whip him again."
"Buena Vista, Feb. 24, 1847.
"I think I have whipped him so bad, he
cant cry."
"You are wanted at home to be President.'
A Palpable Hit. The Boston Atlas thus
discourses to the "recusant whigs" who pretend
they cannot support Gen. Taylor because he
is no whig, and yet talk about voting for Van
Those whigs who called the Worcester Con
vention, to oppose Gen. Taylor, because he
was "not a whig, are requested to meet at the
town pump, to make preparations to support
that true whig. Martin Van Buren. Mr. ll'il-
son.of Natick, and Judge Allen are requested
to bring with them copies of their speeches
made in 1840. The Van Buren men in Con
cord are to bring the big ball. A transparency
of Van Buren giving his casting vote to rifle
the matlsof anti-slavery letters and papers, will
be exhibited.
Prentice is responsible for this hit, at the
cat-like vitality of candidate Cass:
"One of the Boston trancendentalists says
lhat 'too much life. is' death.' If that's the
case, we apprehend that Cass' seven lives will
bi the death of him."
Ctr?The following is the result of a vote
for President, taken on board of the steamer
Baltic, on her trip from Chicago to Buffa
lo: Taylor, 42; Cass, 12; Vau Buren, 3; Hale,
3. - "
Ges. Taylor says, if elected President, he
will be guided solely by the Constitution.
The dying words of Gen. Haerison were "I
wish you to understand the true principles of
the Government I wish them carried out-
ask nothing more." Can any supporter of
Harrison hesitate to vote for Taylor?
William G. Brownlow, the eccentric Editor
of the Joiiesborough Term. J Whig, his de
clared his intention to vote for Taylor and
Fillmore, and writes:
"You can say to your friends that Tennessee
will go for Taylor and Fillmore by a moiority
of five or ten thousand votes that this district
heretofore democratic, will give them a major
itv a iid last, though not least, that thiscoun
ty, always democratic, will go for Taylor and
Yours &c, G. W. EaowxLow."
Letter from Gen. Taylor. The Memphis
Eagle, of the 16th, contaius the following let
ter from Gen. Taylor. , It was written to a
friend end intended to be "private," but it
seems to have been regarded as a good and suf
ficient answer to all the lies and sanders which
have been concocted against him, since his nom
ination for the Presidency, and this reason, has
induced a publication of it. Gen. Lane lias
said that Gen. Taylor, is incapable of falsehood
a long life of military service, where, of all
other circles, such an offence is regarded as od
ious, substantiates it and now, we would be
lieve Gen. Taylor's plain denial of the charges
against him, sooner than we would. the oaths
of the men who have lent their names loaccus
ations calculated and intended to injure him
before the country. The Locofoco papers may
give circulation to falsehoods; and they may
obtian the namt s of camp-followers and miser
able partizans to substantiate them, but this
honest declaration of Zachary Tavlor will far
outweigh all such reckless accusations. The
people will believe him, when they could not
be. made to believe statements put forward with
the evident design of lying him out of the Pre
sidency just as these knaves attempted by
fraud and forger) to destroy the character of
John J. Crittenden with the people ofKentuc
ky. Baton Rouge, La., Aug. 5, 1843.
My Dear Sir: Your esteemed letter of the
29th ult., enclosing a slip cut from the "Mem
phis Appeal," was this moment received, con
taining statements said to have been made by
me disrespectful of the volunteers: among olh-:
ers, that 1 had said they were not worth their
rations, and that this can be proved, together
with many other evidences of uitkimlness to
wards them on my part; atl of which is with
out the slightest foundation. There is but lil-j
tie doubt in my mind that he who invents a
falsehood to injure his neighbor or fellow-citizen,
as well as he who lends himself to and
aids, in giving circulation to the same, know
ing it to be false, would not hesitate one mo
rn nt to swear to it on the Holy Bible. My
numerous official reports to the War Depart
ment in relation to the gallant and patriotic
volunteers, which have been so extensively
published in most of the leading public jour-,
nals of the country, give the lie direct to the
statements in question; and which the gentle
men of the ."Appeal" might have known had
they looked an inch beyond their noses, or
wished to have made themselves acquainted
with all the facts in the case, before they pub
lished so gross a slander in regard to one who
had never injured them, and whose only crime
was, that his name without his agency in the
matter, had been brought before the country
by a portion of his fellow-citizens for the first
office in the gift of a great and free people.
As to the romantic story about the wounded
soldier at Buena Vista,, (in connexion-with a
Mexican lady) which ended so tragically, and
who is said to have ben shot by my order, it
is without the slightest foundation; nothing of
the kind, or even approaching it, ever took
place; nor do 1 believe was ever heard of ex
cept at Memphis and vicinity, before it was
published in t2e "Appeal;" it is on a par with
the story thrtt I had spokeri disr 'sprct,!.
and otherwise outraged the rtOlunturs; and a
more base and heartless calumny was never
propagated. Nojra drop of American blood
w3 heiiv.bju--iny' order while in Mexico, nor
thaf of a Mexican, except in the heat of battle.
The whole matter contained in said slip is
too silly to be credited, nor would I have no
ticed it had I not deemed it proper to reply to
your friendly communication. -
I must, from my position. expect to beassail
ed by many unscrupulous editorsof newspapers,
as well as hired demagogues, without regard to
truth, deceflcy, oranylhing else! I have there
fore made up my mind not to suffer such things
to 'annoy me, let them emanate from what quar
ter they may; but to "pursue the even tenor of
my way," without turning to the right or to
the left to notice them.
With considerations of high respect and es
teem, Your friend and ob't. servant,
The Two Lives. It seems to be very clear
from the subjoined statement of the Wasbing-(
ton correspondent of the Philadelphia North
American that Gen. Cass was privy to the fact
of the preparation of the two lives of himself
containing the contradictory statements as to
his position on the Wilmot proviso question.
Indeed there is little room for doubt on the
subject, a s Cass was at the seat of government
at the time, and his friends would not have
dared to attempt such an attrocious decep
tion without some sort of consultation with
him. The following is "Independent's" state
ment: ..
On the day on which Mr. Mangum exposed
to the notice of the Senate the deception in
the two editions of the lile of Gen. Caas, the
Hon. John Went worth volunteered in the pres
ence of ont or more Whig Senators, a state
ment to this effect: That he purchased at the
office of the Congressional Globe documents
lor circulation in his district, and among others
the life of Cass issued in the month of March.
Upon examining the "sketch," he discovered
the extract from the Nicholson letter, with n
commentary by the biographer, unfavorable
to the Vvimot proviso, tearing the political
effect of such a document in the free Statcs.and
being himself a Wilmot proviso man, he called
on Gen. Cass and represented to him the dan
gerous tendency of circulating the publication
at theisorlh. uen. L,ass informed mm mat
it should be corrected. Some time afterwards
he had occasion to visit the Congressional
Globe office, when he was informed that an
edition' of his life had just bun published belter
suited to his district, accompanied by the vol
untary remark, that the hrst sketch had bun
issued to secure the nomination, and the other
to secure the election.
This is substantially the statement made by
Mr. Wentworth, and it furnishes the most in
contestable evidence that the insertion and
suppression of the matter relating to the Wil
mot proviso in me uiuereni minions oi me me
of Gen. Cass was a wilful and deliberate fraud
concocted for the purpose of operating on the
North and South, and of which lie was entirely
The metropolitan organ has attempted to
treat this conspiracy with indifference, as if a
fraud so mtirtslrous and touching a question
so delicate was matter for biidiii.iuge. I vr
nrehend that the honist ptop'.e whom it was
designed to deceive will think otherwise, and
punish it with the severest reprobation. At
all events, every man who respects the obliga
tions of integrity and honor in politics mu-st
repudiate connection with a party, whose can
didate or responsible leaders could be guilty of
contriving and executing a fraudulent fcchemc
like this.
Condition of Europe. A correspondent of
the New York Commercial Advertiser, writing
from Faris i nder date of the 27th ult. says:
"Paris is at this moment the most quiet, calm
and orderly capital of Europe; and France,
strange to say, is less agitated by external and
internal difficulties than any other of the great
or small powers, except, perhaps.Russia. Lon
don is all astir with tho Leavings of the Irish
volcano; Berlin is aghast at the refusal of Gen.
Wrangel to make an amnesty with the Danes,
according to the orders of the king, on the
ground that the central government of Germa
ny must decide. the question; at Frankfort the
constitution makers have ceased their pedantic
disquisitions for a momentto speak the voice
of Germany to her recusnt members, though
whether Prussia and Hanoverand Bavaria will
obey is another matter; at Vienna the Sclaves
are out-voting the Germans in the Diet; ii Itc
ly there is fear of the Austrians, and lhat the
the French will not bring the "aid they have so
often promised: and everywhere there is dem
ocratic and social agitation, the conflict of
ideas and chaos of opinions more confused and
interminable in appearance than the ancient
chaos, over whose deformities anddiscords was
hung the veil of impenetrable night."
fX3In reply to a question put to us on the
subject, we will state that 'M. P." are not
the real initialsof the writer of thearlicles tnus
signed they do not designate either his chris
tian or surname. Democrat.
Exactly so. We would not, were we "M.
P.," like to have it known that, without cause
or provocation of any kind, we had slandered
and abused an old, highly respectable.nnoffend
ing and accommodating citizen, as Mr. Bul
lock is known to be. If we were tlaslarJ
enough to commit such an outrage we would
keep our name from the public for fear we
should be hooted out of society by all good
citizens. "M. P." should hide his head from
the public.
Slavery Question. The Washington cor
respondent of the N. Y. Journal of Commerce,
after referring to the action ot Congress on tha
slavery question at the close of the recent ses
sion, makes these statements:
The Southern men generally of both parties,
and more particularly the Calhoun men, leave
this city with a fixed determination to rccom
mend to. the. South some decided and separate
ac. ion on this subject.
vThe attempt made to procure a meeting of
the Southern members signally failed. Mr.
Meade, u snernber from Petersburgh, Virginia,
wrote and carried around a paper inviting a
meeting of-the Southern members, without
distinction of party, lor the purpose of protest
ing againsts the course of Congress on this
subect, and demand ing for the South to be
placed on equalooting with the North, as
to the use and enjoyment of the new territories.
The paper was handed to many and very lew
cousented to sign, many refused. If the meet-
-iug had been held, it would have been not a
meeting of Southern members, Dut a partial
meeting of the Cass men of the South. The
same will be the remit, no doubt, of any at
tempt that may be made in the Southern States
to get up a convention. Geu. Houston declar
ed that no respectable man in the South could
go into a conventiou of a character so wild,
unnecessary, and mutinous. Mr. Calhoun
would not heed the concention, declared the
General, because he himself voted against the
bill containing the Missouri compromise and
continued he, heaven will not heed it and
men would scout it. -
Awful Fire is Albaky. The telegraph
brought the intelligence of a terrific conflagra
tion iu Albany, N. Y., a few days ego, and we
now subjoin some particulars from the New
York Tribune:
Albany, Thursday, Aug. 179 P. M.
The district of the city burned is bounded
south by Herkimer to Church street, thence
west along to Lydius, crossing Lydius street.
The fire proceeded north along Union to Hud
son street. The line of that street was the
boundary of the fire. The eastern boundary,
was the dock, along which, with exception of'
three or four stores, all was burned. Those
acquainted with Albany will find that about
one-eighth of the city is in ruins. The streets
burned are Herkimer on the north side from the
dock to Church, Lydius on both sides from
Dock to Union street, Denniston street entire
ly, Hamilton from Dock to Union, Division
from Dock to Union, South Broadway from
Herkimer to near Hudson, Church from Her
kimer to South Broadway, a portion of Dallius
street, Liberty street from Lydius to Hudson,
and Union mostly ou both sides from Lydius '
to Hudson street.
In South Broadway the Eagle tavern. Uni
ted States Hotel, and the Towuseud House are
among the principal buildings burned. At the
Townsend House the fire was checked on the
east side of the street by the rain, on the west
side by the rain, and brick store on the corner
of Hudson.
The entire of the pier from Hamilton street
bridge to the cut used by the Boston ferry-boat
is completely swept away. Here '.he fire was
communicated to the freight barges, &c, des
troying several. The destruction here was im
mense. The floats used in the basin for the
storage of property are burn?d. Eight or ten
freight barges belonging to the Hudson river
andSwiftsure. lines and the schooner Colentof
Boston were burned. The schooner Eliza Ma
tilda of Boston was much damaged. The Co
lumbia street market and three or four buildings
north of it were also destroyed. It is impossi
ble to estimate the loss. Two millions of dol
lars may cover it, but this is but guess work.
The number of buildings of all kinds destroyed
cannot be less than five hundred!
The insurance is also large, but it is doubted
whether all can be made available. To the
providential change of the wind from the south
to the north, followed soon after by a drench
ing rain, can the preservation of our city from
a wide-spread ruin alone be ascribed. Had not
tha wind -baug?d, the power of men rould not"
have stopped the conflagration, and it must on
ly have 6tcp'ped by reaching the northern .
bounds of the city. "
The fjremen of Troy, West Troy, and Sehen
ectady were here in full force. The conflagra
tion in Liberty street was stopped .by blowing -
i;p nouses, n in iraita mat several lives were
io.it rumor says as many as fen, but there is
no positive infoimation. The museum and
other places of eute nirimnt are closed.
Gov. Dojrr l as ti'ten tho fild for Cass and
Sutler. lie took the fieM for revolution once, "
bat run frrrn C'r.epaebet faster than Cass will ;
in Noveiutwr with the people.
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