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EVANSYILLE DAILY JOURNAL.
PRIXTED ASD PUBLISHED BY WM. H. CHANDLER & CO. "OiJ PRESIDENT: GEN. ZACHARY TAYLOR, Of Louisiana. FOR rC PRESIDENT: MILLARD FILLMORE, Of New York. WHIG ELECTORAL TICKET. TOR THE STATE AT LARUE: - JDSEPH G. M ARSHALL, of Jefferson. .GOULOVE S. ORTH, of Teppecanoe. DISTRICT ELECTORS : ist Dipt. James E. Blvthe, of Vanderburg. 3il - ' John S. Davis, of Floyd. 31 " Milton Gkeso, of Dearborn. 4ll David P. Hoi.i.oway, of Wayxe, kth Thomas D. Walpooi of Hancock, f.th Loveix H. Rousseai-, of Greene, "7th " Edward W. McGcauhey, ot Park. 8th " James F. Suit, of Clinton. 9tli . " Daniel D. Pratt, ot Cass. 10th " David Kiusore, of Delaware. CITY OF EVAXS V1LLE: WEDXESDA T MORNING, A UG US T 30 Condition of Ireland. The secret and private correspondence from Dublin to the N. Y. Tribune, turns out as we felt satisfied it would, a great hoax, and false in every partic ular. No other paper in New York, nor else where, as far as we know, gave credit to the story, and most of them refused to publish it It is certain now, we think, that Ireland is doomed yet a while longer to the galling chains ihat has sn lonf? bound her: and althous.li her sons may not, and we hope will not, abandon their attempts to free themselves from the op pression which has so long crused them, yet their efforts for the present can be of no avail England is to watchful and too well guarded to be overthrown just now, unless Ireland had aid from abroad which she has not. By the Britannia we learn that O'Brien was arrested on Saturday evening, at Thales Railroad.while procuring ticket for Limerick, where he ex pected refuge among his friends. The British Government reigns supreme, and every day lessens the probability of an outbreak. Ever precaution has been taken to put down all de monstrations, O'Briea was lodged in the Dublin jail. He expressed himself as being utterly hopeless of accouopjisbing bis object, as the people in the mountain seemed afraid to harbor him. His wife and family are freely Emitted to his pris on to see him, and he seems1 perfectly cheer ful. V NonTii Carolina. Mauley's majority for Governor is 1,200. ihere Eeems to be no doubt that Old Zack will get the State by 10,- 000 or 12,000 votes; indeed, say several cor respondents whose letters we have lately read, it would not be matter of much surprise were the good old North State to be the banner State of the Union. CCfThe was a great mob in Cincinnati on Wednesday night last. It appears that two Germans were arrested on a charge of commit ting rape on a little girl only six yearsand three months old, and wera brought before Esquire Brooks, who held them both to bail in the sum of $1,500 each. Upon this decision, eviden ces of riot began to be manifest in loud cries and danger to the prisoners seemed for a time imminent. Men from the outside poured in to the windows, people were trampled under foot, and but for the coolness and good judg ment of the officers, 6enous consequences might have been the result of this demonstra tion. It was Tery judiciously arranged thai the prisoners should be taken to the jail by Esq. Brooks, Esq. Young, Esq. Taylor, Judge SafT;;i. The high stations and individual res pect of these men ensured safety to the pris oners, and tksy were by them taken harmless to jail, though some persons were slightly in jured by missiles thrown by the crowd which followed. It is estimated that notles3 than eight thou sand persons were assembled in Sycamore St., neer the jail, at the time the prisoners entered. But the mob were not satisfied they demand ed the prisoners, and with loud shouts, made a rush for the jail door, breaking down the fences, cc. This occurred at nightfall the trial con tinuing the whole of the afternoon. The police of the jail, upon these demonstra tions, fired into the crowd first a blank round but, it is said, the crowd pressing on, they fired a round or two with ball, (in all about twenty shots,) and seven men fell three of them were spectators, killed on the spot! 0C3The telegraph line between this place and Vinrennes is said to be one of the best in the country and so far has worked admirably The credit of this in justly due to Mr. Gref.sow, the Agent placed upon the line by Mr. O'Reil ly. This gentleman has been most indefaliga Me in his exertions to render the line efficient and complete, and the satisfaction ho derives from witnessing the beautiful working of the whole machinery, ond the praisoof the public at hi success, we hope in some measure com pensates him for the severe labor he has per formed. ' CCf We learn from the Louisville Journal that tlm Hon. James E. Helscr, lain' a promi nent Locofoco member of Congress from Alu bums, 1ms been nominated as un elector upon tlm Taylor nnd Fillmore ticket In I hut Slate. Jn a loiter to the nornliuting committee he oil, lo bo e xcuse d from nerving a nn elector but ex presses his determination to ive his support Hi oil individual to Tnylor and Fillmore, The Ladies for Taylor. We are Ratified that if the ladies of this land were allowed a vote in November next,' honest old Zack" would sweep over the country with a majority that would crush and silence "his enemies the demagogues and slaves'of party, forever. In our little city they are warm in his cause, and not Only warm but enthusiastic attending Whig meetings, smiling on and applauding Whig speakers, writing in song his brave and ; chivalrous deed and noble virtues, and giving "aid and comfort" in a thousand ways to his cause, a cause that at once gains in popularity since they are its advocates. It is true, this was to be expected of them. Their sympa thies are ever with the brave, the humaue, the good, and in Old Zack they find these qualities standing out in bold relief before the country: But is it not a pleasing contrast to that pre sented by the course of many of the rougher sex, who permit themselves to be so blinded by prejudice as to be able to see but one side, or so influenced by party as to be unwilling to acknowledge virtue anil honesty and goodness in an oppnent. But we did not sit down to eulogize the ladies, they need none; we merely wish to welcome back to our columns a fa- j vorite and valued lady correspondent, and to express our thanks for the following pretty song: For the Daily Journal TAYLOR SONG. My friends we have gathered with joy.!ij;liltl heart,' Once more to do battle for Truth; Here, in Harmony Hall, shall our Patriot vows Ascend from Age, Wisdom and Youth, Our foe9 may deride us may name it with jeer A "Salt- Shed," IjOtlge, or Bivouac Though 'tis but a unit, they'll tine to their cos-1. It will mu!tii!y votes for Old Zack! The Tailor cause triumphs the numliers rush on. Like a bold mountain torrent they pour; . Where Cass hopes for "one", we count "wiie" fir Old Zack. And our ranks will soon Fill-more and more! Their jolly fat candidate soon must confess That his duck-legs give out in the race; And greatly 1 fear the "confusion' is such Fat Cass-y will prove a poor "case!" And Matty, that wily old Fox, will soon see. "Hark forward" will prove his death hour;' With the "-noUe1 of his friends and the shouts of his foes. The Whig "grajit" wijl prove luird and "ur." nd Butler, a soldier, on duty, no more, His hopes on high otiici are cast; But coming events ihr-w d:irk shadows to shew. He will prove a mere Ball at the last! Then, onward, still onward, through sunshine and . ra n. We know we are on the right track; Our glorious Union from Brazos to .Maine, Surrenders its heart to Old Zack! Saturday, Augus-t -20, 1848. Our politcal o po lents are constantly saying that the Whigs have abandoned all their prin ciples. We would not accuse the in of the wish to misrepresent, but must think their memo ries at fault, and therefore take the" libertyxjfki jogging mem a nine. Principle 1st. The Whigs are against wars of conquest. So is Gen. Taylor. 2d. They are against the dismemberment and annexation of other countries. " vw) -s' So is Gen.'Taylor 3d. They are against "leaving our own and treading on other's ground.! ;" J SoasG1eyJrTayirer. 4ih. They are opposed to our president's influencing Congress through his patronage. So is Geu. Taylor. Din mey are opposed to Kingly power through the Veto. So is Gen. Taylor, 6th They are in favor of internal improv; - ments by the. General Government. Gen. Taylor says that shall be as the people will, that's Democratic. 7ih. They are in favor of the constructions of the Constitution as interpreted by our first Presidents. So is Gen. Taylor. Sth They are in favor of letting "all meas ures of democratic policy, including the "Wil mot Proviso, which have been decided by those Presidents and acquiesced in by the peo ple," remain sacred. So is Gen. Taylor. 9th. They are in favor of having the gov ernment administered as it was managed bv our first Presidents. So i Gen. Taylor. 10th. They re opposed to proscription for opinions sake. So is Gen. Taylor. lhh. They are in favor of brevity in pub lic letters, and measures; and judging from his letters So is Gen. Taylor. 12th They wh-hed the election of Henry Clay in '44. So did Gen. Taylor 13th. And though last, not least and which includes about the whole question They are WHIGS. And so is Gen. Taylor. Tire United States Bank is an obsolete idea. The distribution of the proceeds of the pub lic lands is an impossibility. The Tariff must hereafter be graduated on that principle that will yield the greatest revenue. Mr. Polk's war has made both of them fixed factsand whigs war not against fate. As to the Sub Treasury we are inclined to let that alone, till it becomes so odious, that its parents will dis own its paternity. We would advise those who say the whigs have abandoned all their principles, and are swallowing a President without any, to read the above three times each day till they are rivettcd to their memories. Present Fon tii r. Hon. R. W. Thompson. The presentation of the beautiful silver goblet, prepared by the young Whigs of Baltimore os a present for the Hon. R. W. Thompson, of Indiana, will, we learn, be presented to that gen'.letn.iii iu Washington previous to hi du- part tire for home. Mr. Thompson's business engagements will preclude the possibility tf his vi-nting Baltimore, consequently tins inter esting ceremony will be performed at Wash- ingloii. The toblel was taken un yesteidtiy. Italtimore Sun. Another Skin.-A vote was tuken In cau cus of I tin Wisconsin Legislature, on tho Pres. ideiicy. The object wns, to whip in the opponent of Chhh to hi support. Of thi ol Locofoco tneitilit'rs; O'J ver present. -The vole stood Ca 4il, Van Pmren none, blnnlt 0. (Q-The Louisville Journal of Saturday says that Madame Darusmont, formerly Fanny Wright, made a speech at a political meeting at Germantown, Tenn., a few days ago. ? Ac cording to the Memphis Enquirer, she talked "very learnedly and eloquently upon socialism infidelity, &c, as applicable to the principles of the progressive democracy." She is a . very thorough "progressive Democrat," as. she first signalised herself by her efforts in behalf of Lo- cofocoism in the days of Jackson and has kept pace with the progress of the party up to the present time. She and hrr former coadjutor in the promulgation of infidelity, Robert Dale Owen, are among the most consistent "Demo crats" in the Union, neither of them having at any time swerved a hair's breadth from the faith. They both regard Locofocoism as favorable to their cherished notions in relation to infidelity, and reject Whigism because it is tooconserva tive in religion as well as politics for "philoso phers" who soar high above vulgar beliefs. We wish the "progressive democracy" of Tennessee much joy in the acquisition of so formidable a champion of their "principles" as Madame Da rusmont. T. J. Henley. The Louisville Journal says that Mr. Henley made a speech iu Alexandria Va., on Tuesday of last week, in which, ac cording to the Alexandria Gazette, he declared that the reason why he had voted against the compromise bill in the House of Representa tives was that Southern Whigs voted against it. He further declared that he had made "five hundred speeches against the abolition ists of Indiana in order to sustain the peculiar institutions of the South." So Mr. Henley, when he geU into the neigh borhood of the peculiar institutions of the South avows himself friendly to them. Like his master, Cass, he has two faces, a Northern and a Southern one. During his last canvass for Congress iu his district, he everywhere an nounced hirnsell as a most violent enemv of the South, and in favor of hemming in slavery within its present limits, and ; yet, when in Virginia, he takes ereat credit to himself for his uniform advocacy of the institutions of the South. . We call upon his constituents to no tice his course and to reprobate his atrocious hypocrisy when he again presents himself as a candite for their suffrages. Keeping them in the Traces. The Cass organ in the city of Chicago on the morning of the recent election, to intimidate voters,threat ened to pvblish the names of those locofocos, who bolted Cass, or rather who bolted Vent worth; who goes for Cass. It seems, however that the free voters of Chicago did not regard this threat of Cass & Co., for the city which usually gave 800 or 1000 locofoco, gave 200 whig majority. This kind of hampering the freedom of the people might have done in France, several years since, when Cass studied republicanism" there, but it would not do in this country. If the Cass papers undertake his game, they will have plenty of business in November next. . . A Great Comet Expected. The Boston Courier says that the attention of astronomers in Europe has recently been turned toward the subject of a great comet which appears to have visited our system at intervals of 292 years, and, if the calculations of many scientific men be correct, ought to make its next appearance during the present year, not far from,the month of August or September. Mr. J. R. Hind, an astronomer of London, has lately published a work on this subject, and confidently predicts the return of the celestial visitant in 1818. Maryland Politics. According to the Rockville, Md., Journal, Major George Peter, formerly a leader of the Democratic party in that county, intends giving a Taylor barbecue one day this weekAto which a number of fine speakers have been invited. The Major is per sonally acquainted with Gen. Taylor, and has seen some service with him. The same paper states that the Democrats of that county will, at their next meeting, pass a resolution absolving F. P. Blair, Esq., from any obligation he may suppose himself to be under to vole for Cass and Butler. Good Reasons for Voting for Cass. One of Mr. Cass's stump speakers in a dark corner of Tennessee (where some green things veget ate,) a few days since discovered the true rea sons why Gen. Cass should be Presidenf.- "Why, says he, a man who has six lives, eat6 ten rations a day, gets four salaries at a time, and has an opinion for both sides of every question, must be the greatest man in the world. I believe I could convince, old par son Brownlow of it if I could only see the old hoss. The "Divine Right' Expunged. Among the features of the new Constitution of Prussia not the least important is that the royal title is to be altered from that of Konig von Preus sen (King of Prussia) to Konig der Preussen, (King of the Prussians,) like the royal ti tie of France in 1830. The formula "by the grace of God'' is to be expunged altogether. He is to De Aing "by Hie grace ol the peo ple." A Van Bcren Conveneion in Tenn. The delegates from Pennsylvania to the Buffalo Convention resolved to call a Convention at Reading, on the 13lh inst., and nominate on electoral ticket in favor of Van Bureii, Adams and the Buffalo Platform. Mr. Footr. The correspondent of the New York Post me nt ions the curious fact, that when, ever Mr. Foole rises to address the Senate, the knot of his crttvat isulwoya tied under his left ear. The writer siiya: "As it is likely he will continue to sneak until the mail uoes out, and his line of argu ment, til ways endiiig in a uooue U uniform as wi ll, l do not attempt to lullow linn. But it is Mii);uliir how decided is the predilection of his mind for lhi Impl- mml ot that employ inent to which hu is pnrliul, For Instance fie hud not been speaking morn thnn hulf mi hour before he muilti a doxen ullosions clas-tlcal and vulgar to ilia hemji." O-TI'ln hundred t'itixeiiHiif Moiiireiil have signed a mil Iot a ineeiiiiij tosynqiuthUe with It ol n tut. Ges. Taylor. The Hon. Daniel ' Duncan,! a w big member of Congress from Ohio, who has just been renominated for Congress by a very strong vote, has published a very able ad dress to his constituents, giving his Teasons for supporting Gen. Taylor. We make the following extract in regard to the personal character of Gen. T. : -. ' "I have devoted some time, since the nomin ation, to an investigation of the character and opinions of Gen. laylor, and 1 have come to the conclusion that he is every way worthy of the support of the whig party. "1 have traced him trom the earliest records of his historv. 1 find that a strong love of jus tice and a deep regard forlibertv alwavs char acterized his conduct. I find him temperate laborious, frugal, simple, and plain in all his tastes, and ready at all times to sacrifice self to secure the comtort of his tellow soldiers. Though his life has been been devoted to arms 1 find him drawing his sword only at the bid ding of his Government, andalways tempering the stern necessities ot war witn tne more glo rious attributes of benevolence and mercy. When the heat of the battle was over, no wife was made a widow, no children fatherless, by any act of his. No court martial followed in the train of his'brilliant career; hi hand never signed a death warrant. When he surveyed the fields of his glory, the sternness of the war rior yielded to the noble impulses of the man, and you find him with a heart tender as that of a child, overflowing at the sight of human misery. If there is one feature iu his charac ter more strongly marked than another, it is a high and stern regard for law and justice. In all the leading traits of his character, there is a strikingsemblance to that of Washington. The one has evidently served as a model for the other. Their characters were formed tin very similar circumstances. Both entered the army while young men, and the first services of both were on the lrontiers, warring against savages. There is probably no situation bet ter calculated to develop the mind of man and strengthen his character than this. His ener gies are kept constantly awake by the sleep less activity ol tne toe with which he is con tending. Even in the style of writing they are alike." The Presidential Veto. We copy from the State Journal the followingappropriateand timely remarks upon the veto power possessed by the President, and commend it to our read ers: The stern old Republicans who opposed the veto power conferred on the President by the Constitution were right, and we regret that it was not stricken from that instrument. The apology for its frame-s is, that ther found it in the English Constitution, ond that it had not been used for many years. They had seen that every despotic attempt on the part of the crown to the use ot excessive power was firmly resis ted Dy tne people, and always resulted in se curing still further their rights. It is said that in England, it is because the people (or Parlia ment,) possess a counterpoise in the ri"ht of granting or withholding supplies, that th crown may, without danger, be entrusted with the veto. Generations have passed away since this despotic power has been used in England. In our country, the model liepublic, how dil ferent! Without the mine of King, our Dem ocratic Presidents, of modern times, make themselves superior to the Legislative branch of the government, by vetoing everything that does not happen to meet their imperial notions V hat else is it than despotism, where one man is permitted to say, "Such may be the will and opinion of the Legislature of the People out mute is contrary, and mine snail prevail! Did the same spirit which animated those who resisted the tyrannv of Great Britain in the days of the Revolution, now exist among their degenerate sons, that man who dared set up his will in defiance of the People's voice, would be hurled from power in a mode that would effectually present its repetition. The Whig Tarty, dating its existence from the glorious revolution of 1608 (for it was the same spirit of opposition to Kingly Prerogative that animated the Whigs of that day) have al ways been the opponpnts of despotic power. The insidiousness with which the exercise of this prerogative, has crept into the practice of our government, has not given that alarm which, from its danger to the liberties of the People.it ought to have done. The Presidential campaign in which we are now engaged will test the attachment of the People to popular liberty the. right of the Peo ple to govern themselves, unmolested by the naieuu, tyranicai power ot one man. uen. Cass avows his intention to veto any law which may pass Congress in relation to a question of domestic policy growing out of the annexation of foreign territory to the United Slates. He denies the power of Congress to restrict the introduction of slavery into Cali fornia and New Mexico, a power which has of ten been exercised by Congress, in similar in stances, and acquiesced in by the People. He declares, in effect, that his opinion, on that subject, shall be the imperial late of the land no matter what may be the will of a majority of the Peoplt-! This is called Republicanism and the man that avows such Kingly doctrine is called a Democrat! Miserable desecrations of thos- sacred words-! On the other hand, ZACHARY TAYLOR, a plain honest old Patriot, says, "that the will of the I'ecple, as expressed through their Representatives in Congress, ovght to be RESPECTED ANDCARRIED OUT BY THE EXECUTIVE To which of these men are the People most wining 10 entrust tne i residency, is the ques Hon to be settled in a few months. Under no other existing government do the People have to the same, extent, the privilege of selecting their put-lie servants. Is this privilege appre ciated and exercised as it ought to be? Were it denied us we would then know something of its value. With this privilege comes a re- sponsiDiiity commensurate with its importance This responsibility rests upon every man enti tied to theelectivefranchise. He cannot evade it It cannot be put on to any one else. He is not alone, responsible to his fellow men for its pro per exercise, dui to iiim oy whose kind Provi dence he is permitted to exercise it. He should then, adopt every possible means in his power iu urrivr hi curred conclusions. tie mil St ex amine for himself. The mandates of those who assume to be party leaders are to be (lis regarded. Truth, when found, is only to be followed. We ask every man to test the issues now to lie determined, by these considerations; and then to cast his vote as a conviction of right ami ouiy may uiciate. Another Letter trom Gen. Taylor. We find the lollowing in the Murtinsbur (Va) Re publican of Wednesday week: Baton Rouoe. La.. Jule 15. Sir: Your polite communication of the 10th ult., desiring to know. whether I deem the ad- iniiiisirauoii ot me general government by Madison, Monroe, Jackson, Van Bureii, Tyler, and PnlU 'lii liuvt- h.nn jv-tiil.ifl.jil ii.tr... it... - - ....... .".I....VHM I . . VI I I , principles of the Jeflersouitni school," has been duly received. In reply I huve to inform you lliut I hurdly deem it proper for me, iu my present position before the American people, thus to comment upon the public career of our former Presidents, and that, touching this subject, my opinions, as far asl deem It piop er or necessary to express them at present, are unbraced In the accompanying letter to my friend, Cupt. Allison. With my best wishes for your health and happluemi, I reiiiniii, air, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, ZACIIAHY TAYLOR. Mr. John Ciichcum,", IIi;ihi:s, r-eihlliifjion, i llerkley county, Vu. ' Alabama Gen. Taylor. We learn from the Mobile advertiser that the Hon. Wm. L. Yancy, late a delegate from that State to the Democratic National Convention,- has publish ed an address in pamphlet form to the people of Alabama, which will be apt to cause a shaking among the dry bones of "the faithful" in that State.' The address is very long mak ing a pamphlet of seventy-three pages-and is an eloberate vindication of the course of the" writer, both in the convention and since his return, in opposing the election of Gen. Cass to the Presidency : - - Mr. Yancy exposes wiih great power the duplicity of "the Northern Democracy on the Klavprv Question, reviews with creat severity the tortuous course of Gen. Cass, and gives his Nicholson letter a scathing criticism. We al so deals some heavy blows upon his colleagues in the convention woo re uu Bu ---- Gen. Cass, shows conclusively that they are violating their pledges and the instructions contained in the resolutions of the State con vention which gave them the appojntment, and maintains that they are acting in bad faith to Southern interests. On the three delegates who have assailed him through the newspapers to wit : Messrs. T. Sanford, John A. Winston and D. Salomon, Mr. Yancy retorts with with ering severity, and makes some revelations that will be anything but comfortable, we should sav, to some of the gentlemen named. Take it altogether, says the Advertiser, it is a remarkable publication, and will evidently produce sensation. In connection with this subject it may not be unacceptable to the friends of Gen. Taylor to know that a tair prospect ol success ex isi . . rm " C .1 even in Alaoama. me democracy oi mat State, so long attached to the dominant party, are beginning to rend their fetters, and to speak out in tones of independent feeling. We un derstand from gentlemen who have recently traversed the northern partoi the "state, wnere locofocoism has been heretofore overwhelming that, some counties in which the Whigs have rarelv mustered more than a corporal's guard, Taylor will obtain as large a vote as Cass. The Dosition of Mr. ancv and the Democratic mal contents w ho go with him tends directly to strengthen old Zack. A large numoer ot dem ocrats will openly sustain the Whig candidate and even a large number will not vote at all. Should South Alabama maintain anything like the preponderance she exhibited in 1840, the chances of Gen. Taylor's carrying the Slate will be equal to those of his adversarv. This is the substance of statements made to us by respectable authority. So mote it be. CASS AGAINST THE VOLUNTEERS OF 1814. Gen. Taylor is denounced because, relying upon the representations of Gens. Wool and Lane, he said the Second Indiana Regiment re- trtated in disorder at the battle of Buena Vis ta. Read what Gen. Cass said of the volun teers at the battle of Buffalo in 1814. The f ol lowing letter will be found on page 487 of the 12th volume of American State Papers: Extracts of a letter from General Iswis Cast to the Secretary of War, dated Williams ville, eleven viileseust of Buffalo, January 12, loll. "I passed this day the ruin3 of Buffalo. It exhibits a scene of distress and destruction such as 1 have never before witnessed. "The events which have recently transpired in this quarter have been so astonishing and unexpected, that I have been induced to make some inquiry into theircauses and progress; and dounting whether you have received any cor rect iniorination upon the subject, 1 now trouble vou with the detail. "The fall of Niagara has been owing to the most crinwial negligence. The force iu it was fully competent to ils defence. The command ing otticer, Captain Lieonaid, it is confidently said, was at his own house, three miles from the fort, and all the officers appear to have rest ed in as much security as though no enemy was near them. Captain Rogers and Captain Hamp ton, both of the 24th, had companies in the fort. Both ot them were absent from it. Their conduct ought to be strictly investigated, lam also told that Major Wallace of the 5th was in the fort. He escaped, and is now at En 'The circumstances attending the destruc tion of Buffalo vou will have learned before this reaches you. But the force of the enemy has been greatly magnified. From ihe most careful examination, 1 am satisfied that not more than six hundred and fifty men, of regu lars, militia, and Indians, landed at Black Rock. To oppose these, we had" from two thousand five hundred to three thousand militia. ALL EXCEPT VERY FEW OF THEM, BEHAV ED IN THE MOST COWARDLY MANNER They fled without discharging a musket. The enemy continued on this side of the river till Saturday. All their movements betravedsymp- toms of apprehension. A vast quantity of property was lett in the town uniniured, and the Ariel, which lies four milesabove upon the beach, is safe. Since the 1st instant they have made no movement. They continue in pos session ot ruagara, and will probably retain it, until a force competent to its reduction arrives in its vicinity. (X3" In a late speech iu the British Horse of Commons, Sir William Molesworlh said: For what purpose do we keep 9,000 troops in North America hear, hear?) Is it to pro tect the colonists against the United States? But if they are loyal at heart they are strong enough to protect "themselves; if they are dis loyal; thrice 9,000 men will not kecD them down hear, hear. But suppose they were to separate from us, and to form independent States, or even to join the United Slates, would they not become more profitable as colonists than they are at present f hear?l The United States of Am?rica are, in the strictest significa tion oi tne word, still colonies ot Great Britain, hear,! as Carthage was a colonv of Tvre. and the cities of Ionia and Sicily were colonies of ureece; lor the word colony does not necess arily imply dependency, but merely a commu nity composed of persons who have removed from one country and settled in another, for tne purpose oi cultivating it hear, hear.) Now our colonies (as 1 will term them of the Uni ted States are in every noint of view more use ful to us than all our other colonies nut trmeth- er hear, hear In 1844 we exported to the united Mates produceand manuiactures to the value ot JIS.UOO.OOO an amount equal to the whole of our real export trade to all our colon. ial dominions, which we covern at a cost of m,vjv,vw a year: while the U in ted States costs us for consular and diplomatic services not more man jlid.uui a yei.r hear, hear, and not one ship of wnr is required to protect our trade with the United States. COrThe building of the Smithsonian Insti tute, Washington city, is to be 450 feet long, its breadth at the towers 150 feet, and its gen eral hreudth 50 feet. fXY"'-'li" Albany Argus sets down the en- tiro loss by the fire in that city at about a mil- ion an. I hull of dollars.ol w hich some fl0()0,. 000 orfeTOO.tJOOureiiisurfduud will be prompt- 1y pnid. Tho rrops llmni'di Ohio, it is said, are unpre rnleiitrul. It Uestlmnted lliut Ohio will ylchl this year, 28,000.000 bushels of wheat, over one-third moro thnn ever before In nun year, rep6rtei for the Evansville Journal ARRIVAL OF THE BRITTANIA. We received by Telegraph the. news brought by this arrival. Mr. Farrell, the operator at this office, read off the news with the greatest facility in about fifteen minutes. ARRIVAL OF THE B RITT ANIA. Highly Important from Eorope. IMPORTANT FUOITI IRELAKD. SMITII O'BRIEX TAKEN! Boston. (Sunday,) Aug. 27. The steamship Erittania arrived at Boston to-day. - - Markets. Corn, 26 a 31 s, and declining. Meal, 15s. Flour dull and unchanged, vv neai firm. Lard active, and unchanged, juoney plenty. : : ; Charles Albert has been defeated. -Milan is in possession of the Austriana. The Danish and Prussian War affects trade injuriously. ' Another conspiracy against the Spanish is reported and supposed to be true.' ' It is thought that France and England will interfere and offer their mediation to adjust the Italian difficulties, but this is unce:taiu. ; NEWS FB03I IRELAND, We regret to find that Smith O'Brien was arrested on Saturday and lodged in Dublin. A Proclamation has been issued by the Bri tish Government, warning all vessels agaiust favoring the escape of any traitors under pen alty of treason. - Accounts from the South of Ireland report that portion of the country ripe for rebellion, and only want leaders. It is supposed that when the troops go into winter quarters then mischief will begin. The leaders have determined to remain pag- sive until then. r Ireland Proposals to Surrender Another Proclamation! RESIGNATION OF THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA. The Markets, &. Boston, Aug. 28. Brown & Shipley's Liverpool circular, of Aug. 12, says that the same grounds for un easiness as mentioned in their last, still exists as to the result of the harvest and potatoe crops. The weather continues variable. Chas. Albert has been utterly defeated, and Milan is in the possession of the Austrians. ' It is rumored that the Emperor of Austria had resigned; this is not credited. France and England will interfere to adjust the Italian difficulties, and exact of Russia to define her position iu reference to the German ic Confederation. This is considered by no means as certain. Another conspiracy against the Spanish Ministry has been completely suppressed. Ireland. The correspondent of Freeman's Journal says, that o communication had been made to the Irish Government through tie Catholic clergyman, slating. that the proscrib ed gentlemen are willing to surrender them cp1vp imon the assurance that they will not be capitally punished. " Since this another proclamation has been issued warning all ves sels and perso.is, under the penalty of treason, from favoring the escape of any of the traitors. Qick Work. -A Washington letter in the Baltimore Sun says: "In many things our citizens move slow, in others they can be as quick as their neighbors. A few evenings sine? at a social party, a young gentleman selected for his partner in the dance a young lady who he had never seen before. he was a total stranger to her. The waltz went merrily round, admiration increased, and be fore the parties resumed their seats, the ques tion was popped, the ofler accepted by the fair one, and it was determined that on the con clusion of the entertainment, the enamoured pairshould proceed to the house of a clergyman and be united in the bonds of wedlock. On withdrawing from the scene, however, the plan was frustrated by the want of a license which could not be there obtained, and one or two other et ceteras. It was deferred until the next evening, when the blissful pair, attended by happy friends, presented themselves at the altarand were married. Well might the bride exclaim immediately afterwards. Well, who would have thought this lime last evening, that at this hour, I should be a married lady. Prosperity attend them." This may b every romantic and all that sort of thing, but we cannot think it is a mode of chosinga partner for life; tha. is to be either applauded or followed. ! "HAULING DOWN THE FLAG." The "Telegraph" published in Louisville, Mississippi, contains the following announce ment: "We have hauled down the names of Cass and Butles, and placed in their stead those of the People's choice, Taylor and Fillmore. Of Gen. Taylor it is almost superfluous to speak. His image is enshrined in the hearts of the people. He is emphatically the man for the. people, and there will be such a rush of the masses in November next, from hill and dale, hamlet, village and city, to ele vate him to the Presidency, as has never be fore been seen. " The fabric rear ed by democracy is tottering to ils base. Its f II ' ! . . 'i .. . . I - . . I r i iau is nieviiauie mo party kuow ana leei it. Tl'Uv political bull has been issued from the Presidential Vatican, and the office-holders and office-seekers are enthusiastically obeying its mundsten; and their very existence depends upon their success; but, alas! they are destined to an overwhelming defeat. fXf-Ofii. A. Anderson, formerly a Demo cratic U. S. Senator from Tennessee, and who has until recently acted with that parly, has come out in favor of Gen. Taylor for tho Pres idency. Mkxico. Dates have been received at New Orleans aslntaas thn I3ih from Mexico. At that time all wtisquidt, Congress being engag ed In debnihig thn proposition to reduce the present tsriir. Hcrrera is very popular. Pa rcdei is supposed in be in the city of Mexico. Th revolution has been entirely suppressed. Indian drpredntioils, however, continue. , American Fact3. It is among ihe worst omens of the day that we have in the U. S. no national feeling, no genuine love of coun try, "The traveler in other lands finds eve rywhere the institutions and productions of a people prZed by themselves though they may be condemned by strangers. Here tho order is changed. If any woik in literature, art, or science, is by art American, it j sk down by the mob of gentlemen who talk'of such mattetf as altogether worthless, of'as deserving a favorable regard ofily on account of its resemblance to something foreign We recite a few facts, admitted by all ihe world ' abroad, for tho benefit of this sort Of people. Imprimis .The greatest man," 'Make him for all in ally" of the last hundred year?, was" George Washington, an American. .-- The greatist natural phi'osopher was" Ben- . jamui r ranklin, an Ameucan'. l The greatest of living sculptors is Hiram Power?, an American. . The greatest of living poets is Win. CuTleri Bryant, an American. , , The greatest of living historians is Wm. II. Presco'l,an American. ; The greatest of living ornithologest is J. J. Audubon, an American. The greaiest of living novelists is James F, Coopor, an American. The greatest living painler.in potttailute. is Henry. Iutnan, an American..,-,,,,., , There Iihs been no English writer in the present age whose works have been mnikcd with more humor,' more refinement, for more grace than those of Washington Irving, an American. The greatest lexicographer, and .philo logist, was Noah Webster, an American. The inventor?, whose works have been productive of the greatest amount-of happi ness to inniikiiid, in the last century, were Godfrey, Fitch, Fulton and Whitney all Americans. If one of these facts or estimates is doubl ed, we can p.ove them by foieign auihoiitii s ni.d prevent all controversy. The greatest poel of Iter sex, who ever lived,is Maria Brooks. She is as n U' h above Mrs. lleman, Miss Landon, Mrs Norton, "et it omen genus," as they are above the sickli est' sentimentalists of the ma ids gMZ-Jites. When het "Zophier was published in En- gland, Charles Limb wrote to s friend about it, saying that Southey was trying to pass it offas the work of an American pneless "as if ihefe was ever a woman capable-of willing such a poem! Southey himself declares her to he . the 'most impassioned and most imiginative of all poetessec-'ahil there is no critic whose opinion is wmili vailing, who will d'stent from hi. ju-lg:--infill. Mnti-i Biooks is an America ii. . While clearing away fores'? nnd making a road lry which Civil zaiimi may ; iHke her march tlnou!;li ihe couniry. we have pro duced the above fact?, and a g eat , many more of n like kind, which we nriy herea'ivr l;iy before our readeis. j. nr. Til HILLING SCKNK A OloSt PXMlil'g scene recently occurred nt ihe suspension bridge below tlm fall f Niagara. As two men were riossing, nod about 200 yaiils lioin ihe Cannda side, they henrd a noise like ihe falling tf a heavy body nver t'te pre cipice a (ew yardsaliove l he bi itlir-, im-inetlial- Iy o'iserveil a little gill ni-hing past st-veral men to the lower side of ihe bridp, wheieshe di-sceiided a sori of laddei, mule by insetting pins into a pole phi red in an up rg'n pisiiion, fiorn the top of the bank to a sort of recess under the cl if, a diM .nee of 80 or I'O feet. From the p mil whoie she d s e nled ihe ladder shr iimde her way ' wit, uieat rapidity beneath the oveihangiig clilF-', nnd over ihe foaming waters - that lielied wildly below, until she reached the poii t from above which sho stalled. There de scending a few steps, she was seen attempt- i:igtn raise and carry nn object, which ihe gentlemen watching her movement becaum convinced was a child, that had fallen over the precipice. .They hastened to the end of iIip bridge, anil sen) down some . men, who had not known of ihe accident. Tho child, a liitle girl 7 or S years of sge, was lashed to ihe back ol one of ihe men and brought up, alive, nithnug'i greatly injured, having one or boih of its leg-i luoken, and one eye considerably bruised, but it will probably recover. That the child was not instantly killed is Irnly sstonishing, as -4t must have fallen over 100 feet perpendicu larly, without anything to impede its piogtess on the broken o'ones below. The .-, little gill, only eleven or twelve years old, who de scended ihe dizzy height into ihe fearful chasm below, cannoi be enfiiciemly admired forlier coolness and couragf?. '- JYrw York Herald. '' Accidental Discovery of as Under okouxd CorNrKRFEiTKus Dex. A strange discovery was accidenlatly mule on Wednes day last, nt an nncieni house in the town of Brighton, on the vicinity ol - the Worcester Riilroad, nl ihe 'Cambiiilge Crossing," so called. , As n Mr. Howard, I he present occu pant of I ha house, was ai woik iu his cellar; the earth partially give way, and brought to light a room ol some nvrlve feet in depth, with plank sides and top. The roof of this underground den was about four feel be low ihe suil'ace, and was entered by a trap door and a p iir of steps. This much of the general appearance of things was ascertain ed, and a removal of ihe earth, which was caved in, will, without doubt, bring lo light moie pnrticulars of litis nfi'tir. Mr. Howard was enabled, by a parlial bieaking way of the planking, to Imok out seveial kegs from the room, n:ie of which was about hall full of counieifeii American half dollars, all ofiho d ue of I8J3. Attached to ihe keg was what is "-opposed to hive been a m-tchiue lor polwhing tho coin. A sick, in which to deposite tools, was also gut out. The house had been visited by liutidieili, since the accidental developments. ' Tho mom is, we learn, to bo thoroughly ex imiii ed. Ol'rouise, there are a ihousnnd ru-v mors life in Ihe neighborhood ss In this wont dei In I discovery. The house neatly a con t tit y old, hits long had the .reputation (no Joubt puiposely produced by ihe 1 counter.' luiters) ol being haunted. It was formally inliiibiied by a mariner u nited Brown, who?' fli p foil ndotcil tit soi, nnd nil on board per-; 'in ti. It is also s'aind lh.it o I.I irkinaii, a servHiil in tht house, disappeared many y-nis sj-o, nnd is supposed to luvo been imirdei od. lion. Trttr. PlTTl'll SCOTT, - IIoum' iiikI Mtcii fit I titer. TTA.iiene.j a shop In Kvunsvilln, nt ili "x hiiji 1 1 ll iii'l, where Im i tireimied to tin tilt kiwi ol House, Nlitn, mid ( itrrintte I'nlnt (iik, nt ili lowe-it mips, lit- resjieettully renursus rlinrs i)liulilg istroiitiy, jy 'i.-,