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THE WKXK&Y HILO TRIBUNK, HII.O, HAWAH,.
FRIDAY, MARCH if, 1904, 3 A Bad Skin Pilck your skin with a ncodlo. You will see It is (till of blood, full nil tho tltno. Hut wli.it kind of blood? lticb aud puro Or tlilti nnil Impure? l'uro blood make tliu skin rltiar, snioolli, healthy, liupuif) blood uuvti.i llicsklu with pimples, sores, lwlls, tut .un, oruptlous, toiler, salt-rhouiu. 1 iJh I I I 1 i Mr. Frank ttewctt, of KalROorlle, "W. A., , en(lliljihotcKraihiicHellluU'iireillilii , . " When a boy my iklnlihikoout lnblurc I about my lands. Aftrr trjluj; a prcat nmiy j remedies In vain, 1 took ."r's .Samaparllla nil was quickly curril. llccently I was troubled sr.iIii wltli imrtu 1i ills, l.ut onu bot tle of the same old rntu'dy iinpleU'ly vurrd me. It's this rrc.tit Mwd purltyliiK i.ifll clno In the world." AYER'S Sarsaoarilla t There urc many .mllntloii Harsajiarlllas." I!u Min- yon pet Ajrr's, . Aid the PariuKirllli by ke;iliiRour Ixmels in Rood uoinlitioii w tilt A jcrV I'M. Prtparrd h Dr. J. C. A)tr Co., I owtll. Mit U.S.A. For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY KEYSTONE SALOON Draught Boer IO Conts When you need a drink call at the KEYSTONE, comer Front and Pouohawai streets. A first class line of WINES LIQUORS always on hand. Tolophono IO W. DOWNER Proprietor. UNION SALOON Skipman Strkht Open from 5 A.M. to 11 I'.M. First Class LIQUORS WINES AND CORDIALS At Moderate Prices Mixbd and Fancy Drinks Concocted by 1 Experienced Mixologists The Celebrated Honolulu Primo Beer and Rainier Beer On Draught. Ten Cents a Class FRISK LUNCH J. C. SERRAO, Proprietor. JAS. M. CAMERON, Plumber, Tinner, Metal Worker. Mr. Cumerop is prepared to jive esti mates 011 all klnils of Plumbing Work aud to guarantee all work done. m&in im KAI'A M.VKINU. Pa per Hi-nil by JIIm IImitIH (.'01111 llrforc Ti-iicIhmh of lliwiill. I The following sketch wns pre- I pared, not for ndult readers, but hi very sitnpk form to suit the com prehension of fifth and sixth grade readers in our schools of mixed nationalities. A fuller article, well illustruted, from W. T. Hrigham's pen aud camera may be found in Tin urn's Annual of 1896. 1 In giving this paper at the Union 'School, the writer has had the pleasure of using implements and specimens owned by Dr. Wetmore. The ancient people of Hawaii always knew how to make knpa. The first of them who came from afar to live here did the work as they had done it elsewhere in their former islnnd homes, Samoa per haps, or Kahiki. Hut they im proved in the many hundreds of years that passed; and up to the time when they began to use "haole" cloth, they were known as the most skillful kapa makers among the Pacific islanders. If the beginning they did not find here the plants that give the best bark for knpa, they sent back for them to the southern islands by some of those wonderful canoe voyagers we have read about. The waoke aud mamake arc the two plants best for kapn, and I have read that the waoke was brought j here by the ancients from their old l southern homes. N The mamaki is a bush, or shrub, that grows ativwhcre in the ravines and along the sides of wild roads, as in the woods. It has pretty pink veins in its tender young leaves. The berrys grow thick on the small branches, aud look like mulberries, only they are white. They are not poisonous, but havent much taste. Waoke grows in very tall shoots, twelve or fifteen feet high, or even higher. The yolmg leaves have dark red veins. The leaves are much larger, thicker and rougher than mamaki. The plant is more common in. Kona than on this side of the island. It is better for kapa, because the tall stems without hardly any branches give a long fiber easy to strip off. The natives used to cultivate it as carefully as they did kalo. They saved the roots to plant again. The strong roots or small shoots, run under ground and grow up into new plants as pikaki roots do. Kapa can be made from other barks too. The Satuoarfs make i much kapa from breadfruit bark. I It is not as fine as the Hawaiian J bark of mamaki or waoke. The work of the men was to cut the fresh young shoots, strip off the bark and scrape away the colored outer part, as women scrape tue green part off the bamboo for straw. They did this on a long narrow smooth board, with scrapers made of bamboo or shell. Some of these tools are to be seen in Bishop's museum. Then they carefully tied the long strips of the white cLuued bark in bunches, and the women put it to soak for several days, pet haps a week or more. Then the women made ready to pound the softened bark. In ancient times each well-to-do family had several separate houses on the premises. One special house was for kapa making: in later times , they more often made it out of doors. I They always had to dry it out of 1 doors; that was why Iliim wanted longer days, you know, and sent 1 Maui to catch the sun on Ilaleakala undent off his best legs, so he could ! not travel away so fast every night. It was just mauka here, at the , Natural Bridge in the Wailuku, 'that IIiiiu and her women made their kapa. You cuii sce'tlte place now where they dried it on the rocks of the open river bed above the falls. Very good kapa was made in Olaa also. The kapa workers sat-down on the ground before their kapa board. Thut was from four to six leet long, but only about four inches wide I hard, rounded at the top, hollowed a little underneath, and set up a bit from the ground on stones. When 1 the women beat 011 it you could hear a ringing tap, tap, tap. Another woman, or young girl, perhaps sat with the worker to hand her fresh strips of bark, wet the kapa pounders from the water calabash, clean out the grooves in the same, and help ! join the band, of cloth mid then lay it out to dry. The woman with the kapa pounder bcat the wet, sticky bark into a pulp with a heavy, round, simply-lined beater made ofikauila wood. When it was well pounded she heat it out into a long strip, using also other pounders with squares or other pat terns cut into their sides. When the strip was thin and delicate she struck it all over, bit by bit, with these patterned beaters, not for color, but for stamp. Hold kapa up to the light and you see these patterns beaten into the material, us you can sometimes see figures or words in a piece of writing paper. The Hawaiians have names for all these patterns. The diamond-shaped stamp looks like the meshes of fish nets, and that is just what tlu-ycall it "upena," or net. They could not make a large, wide kapa all at once; they made the cloth in strips, aud beat the edges together so carefully that no one can sec the joining places. It took at least four days to make an ordinary'shcet of good kapa sheets as large as a common bed sheet. For chiefs' beds aud clothing they made the pieces much larger. But this was not coloring. The original kapa was pale brown or dull white. The Hawaiians used dyes from the fruit, bark cr roots of 'a number of plants; some names are lamiliar even now. The roots of oloua, a plant of the woods make yellow; banana stains brown; red is made from the root of the noni, which is a broad-leaved, way side shrub bearing an odd-shaped pale yellow fruit. To make gray they used fine powdered charcoal dust, or muddy water. They also knew oil paints. One thinks of their red paints in going by earth banks streaked with red soil, or in looking down into Ouoinea gulch at the bright little island sitting there in the edge ol the water. The people ground this red soil fine in stone dishes and mixed it with oil from the cocoa nut or kukui. Some times they covered the whole cloth with this paint and made it water proof. And they used the paint on other things besides kapa. Some kapas they stained all one color, as brown, yellow or pd, and some they stamped in colored pat terns. We can surely say that the Hawaiians knew how to ' print be fore they ever heard of the famous invention 111 Germany. ihey carved their stamps (like type) at one end of a narrow bamboo stick about a foot long. The carving it self was only three or four inches long. This end they dipped in the dye, then patiently and carefully painted the color 011 to the cloth, inch bv inch, matc'iitm theioininirs I ood color Uml docs 1JJt fadCi Q somet:ms .!,., ruled verv straight, even Hues across the kapa with slender wooden points a little like forks. The kauila wood used for the kapa pounders 'and other implements is black and very hard. Sled runners, spears and war clubs were made of it. The Hawaiians are fond of per fumes and sweet smelling plants. They scented kapa with ginger, maile, sandal wood and other plant pertumes. It was common to make five thick kapas about as long as bed sheets, aud sew them together at one end. Their needles and thread wete made from plants, too. Four of the kapas usually were while; the fifth one, used at the top, was printed with color. They were used for bed coverings as we use sheets iMtuui 11.1 unw niiwvjin kets. ' uost beautiful kapa was the "aliis. ' The white and. blankets The most made for lace kapa was used only for baby blankets in families of high rank. J There is one now in the Bishop , Museum formerly used in the family I of Kaniehameha III, "the good Kainehameha." The finest red ' kapa was for the chiefs too, and for the gods. Every new year in No-1 vember the new year god was dressed up in fresh red kapa. The other gods had new clothes too. The clothes? Well, a man wore a narrow cloth called a malo, the women wore a broad one wrapped many times around her waist and c 11 0 a pan that means n skirt. Man or woman sometimes wore u , ki it - that m ir a blanket or Ish.iwl. It was onl) n large square,' piece of pretty kapc thrown over the hack and shoulders and lied at two corners over otic shoulder to keep it in place. They did not need much clothing; they wear more now uttaim: nicy iiuiuuu luicigu lu-in- ious. Another use of kapa was to roll it into smnll wicks, which they used in a float in a sione lamp filled with cocoa nut oil, or lighted to keep or carry a slow fire, like a boy's stick of punk. White kapa was a sign of taboo. The ancient "kapu poles" at the entrances of chiefs' dwellings were crowned by a ball of white kapa. Otic thing we must notice, not only the skill of the kapa maker, but the skill of those who shaped aud carved in delicate patterns the beaters and other tools made of hard kauila woud. Their only cutting lt.AAitn. 41a. a I ta I i . ft a rnkitl ftn 1 tools were sharp stones, shells and bamboo. i'ntinnitiiitacsi Senator Spooner was making an impassioned speech in the Senate: "Who were more entitled to free dom, Mr. President," he said, "than these people, who were sub ject to extortion, blackmail, robbery by their government these Pana manians, if that is the proper way to call them." "Call them Pauamaniacs," in terjected Senator Morgan, who was sitting at his desk with his eyes closed and apparently asleep. "Well, then, Pauamaniacs," snapped Senator Spooner, after the laugh had subsided, "but I will say, Mr. President, that all the maniacs urc not in Panama." But it never touched Senator Morgan. He didn't open his eyes even. ClIAMMiRLAIN'S COUGH RlJMKDV is intended especially for coughs, colds, whooping cough and influen za. It has become famous for its cures of these diseases over a large part of the civilized world. The most flattering testimonials have been received giving accounts of its good works; of the aggravating and persistent coughs it has cured; of severe colds that have yeilded promptly to its soothing effects, and of the dangerous attacks of croup it has cured often saving the life of the child. The extensive use of it for whooping cough has shown that it robs that disease of all dangerous results. It is especi ally prized by mothers because it contains nothing injurios; and there is not the least danger in giv ing it, even to babies. It always cures and cures quickly. The Hilo Drug Store sells it. M. 6. IRWIN & CO., Ltd. 1 Sugar Factors, Commission Agents. Sole Agents Tor National Cane Shredders, Baldwin Locomotives, Alex. Cross & Sons' Sugar Cane and Coffee Fertilizers. Patent Barley Milk Sugar Eskay's Food Wyeth's Food Peptogenic Milk Powder Mellin's Food Malted Milk AM, SIZES HEADQUARTERS FOR Baby Foods and Supplies HILO DRUG COMPANY k 1 J j ! u HILO, HAWAII Baby ; j i Foods i HAND MADE SADDLES AND HARNESS CARRIAGE TRIMMING. -AT- RICHARDS & SCHOEN, Hilo Harness. Shop. Hilo, H. I. WE DESIRE. . To call your attention to a new collection of Hawaiian Songs just published by us entitled "SONQSOF HAWAII" This collection contains a number of old Songs and Hulas never previously published. This book is beautifully illustrated. Price $1.50 postpaid. Order direct of the BERGSTROM MDSIG CO., Honolulu Box 576. Honolulu. T. H. N. Ohlandt. J. C. Ohlandt, ESTABLISHED 1864 N. OHLANDT & CO. Manufacturers FERTILIZERS Otf Eoery Description. Done Meal, Sulphate of Potash. Sulphate of Ammonia, Alaska Fish Scrap, High Grade Tankage. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Office: 127 Market Street. Certificate of Analysis accompanies our shipments, which we guarantee to be correct. Agent for the Hawaiian Islands ORDERS FILLED AT SHORT NOTICE. m&mLJmUtLnU&d X X i o o 3 o n o CO Q o O a n CD 5 S' w to L. " C n a o o io n I rVrrvrrvrrrrrvwfff m CHAP JllUr CRESCENT CITY BARBER CARVALHO BROS., Proprietors. The Old Reliable Stand is still doing UP-TO-DATE WORK Razors honed, Scissors aud all edged tools perfectly ground. Satisfac tion Guaranteed, CO o 5 & 3 "M $ Q. J. A. Duck C. II. Buck and Dkalkks in Hoof Meal, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda, Double Superphosphate Factory: Indiana & Yolo Sts I W. A. TODD'S NEW HARNESS SHOP I have opened u shop on Waluuueuue street, next to Demosthenes' Cnle, where I am ready to make GOOD HARNESS and FINE SADDLES English Saddles a Specialty HARNESS REPAIRED REASONABLE CHARGES W. A. TODD. Waiakea Boat House R.A. LUCAS & CO., l'rop'rs. WAIAKEA BRIDGE, HII.0 HAVE NOW A FLEET OI' 1 ( Gasoline Launches and Small Boats FOR PUBLIC HIRE 1 rjs,se,'Kcrs uml haggoue taken to and from vessels In the hnrbor at reasonable rates. Launches and rowbouts to hire I tor private picnics nnd moonlight rides. RING UP ON TELEPHONE AGENTS POR 1 j Wolverine Gasoline Engine Self-starter aud reversible engine. In practicability it is equal to the steam en gine. Sizes from I h. p, upwards, lloats fitted with this engine or frames ot any size to order. For particulars itpply to R. A. LUCAS, Manager. mxsf. z-a