Newspaper Page Text
..4..'!, 'i, JiL. rr- f C 6 Tin; Wkkki.v liii.o tUImtne, lni.o, IiawAii, tuusday, octoiikr n, 1904. j . p vj i'.' ;.. ; '.'-' feft v tfw" .m fymr- Al L v a Life Saved Nrer givu Up. No mallei Itnw III mt uru. Vver Sarsaparilla Inn cured soiiiuturiibloeust!S,nuj IUillctiii.ou. Sir. Tim". It. Cinlicl, ll.irrrl Creek, lrl-stum-, Ni'tv mmtli Willi', wrlu-M "I li-I It myilnly t lot luilferliiir poii1p limm vli.it 11 "Mimlt-rful liliMMl.iiiirirj'fnc iin-.lt. mi- H Vr H.irKiiurlll.1. My IIIii-m Irai'iiti v, mi rlurp iln In tlie Hiillx. vliilo I - li. ihIIiiij; wi-t wiuil. Aflt-r u iluy or to I 1 mill not wiill., anil ti Hrri-il tcrrlblo wiiit, Mv t"i' turned nturly Mark, largo I11I l(!iili'lt ..ni iiiilBllmiTiny iHMly.Mml limn I l i-aim' it.-llrliiii. I was In two li in ! Inr wiiiii- tlniH, mill i-ier) thing win i-lixi, Ini. I im-w wiiiI.it anil ttrnker, unil I.i-.ii 1 mvliii'il ll.it imtliliii; nulla Ixi iruii' t .r in. . I liail livatil mi umrli ulHiiit Ar .''ii Hr-vi irlll tint I ttmilKlit 1 wiiulil tfiu Ira trul .m iIwI.ihI Impe. Alter tiikliiK im IviUld t llui'inht I felt u lit t lo letter. Si I iir..i-mrd aiiutluT l-jtlle, unil tlicn an-ml..-, iiinl r-f 111 niioil.ei. I (jMiliMlly Ini i.riAi'il. iin.l ii ilu" time leu my l-il lor tin- llr I tlnid In die iiunilli. I uni tmw in j'ik it Ik iltli. Jiinl I mv t rvery mm tlul Ajvr'n tir.ii.i lil.i cunt my life. 'S s rsaparilla v , 'Il.i'P nr in-inv imlt-tlnn SiTMiurllUl. 1' nij nnct,,A)i,r'ii. rnoarcHy 'r. J.C, AjcrCo., Lovelt,AU.,U.S.A Por Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY UNION SALOON Silll'MAN Strkkt Open front 5 A.M. tti II P.M. First Class LIQUORS WISHES AND CORDIALS At Moderate I'rices. i Mixi'.i? Mil) Kancv Drinks Ciuicocleil by !:.-. i'hkikncki) Mixologists Tlie Celebrated Honolulu Frimo Beer ami Rainier Beer On Draught. Ten Cents a Class l'Ulvli IXNCH J. C. SERRAO, Proprietor. Matson Navigation Co. I In? only Direct I.iiu butwvi-n Kan l'ran- ci-eo iiinl Ililo Comprising the fullowitiKp'a-U Sailers ' ' -,!,r -r.' .X..4 - SteaffleT "ENTERPRISE Hark ANNIE JOHNSON Hark SANTIAGO Hark RODERICK DIIU Hark MARION CHILCOTT Ship EALLS OF CLYDE Tas CUAS. COUNSELMAN Launch LURLINE -Mid oilier Specially Chartered vessels makes this trip willi at least one of these boats each month, carrying both freight anil Passengers. I'or dates of hailing and terms, Call upon, no. I). Sprecli'els & Bros. Co, ' Agents, ,17 Market St., Sim I'mnclsco. II. T. C.HAKI), Aent, IIlI.o. Hawaii Also, Dealers in Dates, Orange, Apples. I.emnns, Limes, Potatoes, Unions oml All Kinds of Nuts. L. G. liitESOVICH CO. S in 1 r.i icih'o. California tA ;'o. Calllornla & Fvmwnvrvi or Lunches! QUICK SERVICE REASONABLE PRICES Meals Cooked to Order REGULAR DINNER 25c HILO BAKERY RESTAURANT Open Till Midnight. IiiIk ) AVBffO -& g sail 8 The Largest Importers of IHILO TEACHERS' UNION rVlflITfTTP nUtff At Aflf1 V(,r,, n sv,l!,hlc- v,)" probably are lllNl I SSrS rtlll III I III V i,lot f'""inr with Chinese, but vou UltJKjVkJULiU I IIlLVIUlUi are with the language of very young children, and both belong Unguis An Instructive Program Presentcd-New Officers Elected , "ZZZ for the Ensuing Year Publishers Exhibit Books the physical and mental stature of and Material An Able Dissertation on PIuIoIokv il a,1(l stnl " his nursery Delivered by W. H. Smith. The II ilo Teachers' Union held its first quarterly meeting of the sch'iol year last Friday morning at the Union School. There were present thirty-seven members and sixteen visitors. President Levi C. Lyman presided, and Kcv. C. K. Shields opened the exercises with pi aver. In response to roll call, the members gave dates of interesting events from Iiawuuaii lustory After reading the minutes, the sectetary was instructed to cast the ballot for the new officers of the Society, as recommended in the le port of the nominating committee, viz. President, I,. C. Lyman, vice president, Miss Ward, secretarv- tteasuier, Win. AlcLlusKey. The program, which proved to b a most intertaining one, opened with a class exercise of free calisthenics, executed by twelve jiils from the upper grades of the Union .School under the direction of Piincipal C. O. Smith. MrsTr cy followed with a class of little tots, who played several language games, designed to biing into action the different human senses. With a fifth grade class from Miss Pomeroy's room, Miss Flo rence Hill illustrated her method of teaching physiology. Mr. V. II. Smith read a treatise on Philo logy. Many of the audience thought this referred to stamp collecting, but Mr. Smith humor-1 but have met with almost any old ously refuted the statement, explain-1 New Kngland firmer, to get an ing that "philately," meant stamp- illustration of thepopularprovincial ology, while "philology, meant scorn everywhere and among every the study of language. He added , people as to "foreign lingoes" and that the subject, like the common i the speakers thereof; law of F.iigland regarding land, I So, as I said above, community which was a most uncommon law, or at any rate relationship of langu or the formulae of differential cal- j age h one of the strongest aids, cuius, doe not appeal to the popular I not only to intercourse, but to fancy, and unless his heaters liked tolerance, a most extraordinary de it, why, he did not suppose they Imonstration of which is the fact kvouh! like it. lie treated the sub- jthnt ihe discovery during the latter ject first in its broadest sense, and ! half of the Eightenth Century by later from the stand point of com-j Sir William Jones, that .Sanskrit parison, both of which were close- and the allied dialects of India were lv followed by the assembled closely related to the English teacheis and others present. We are permitted 10 print in full the I Hindoos were cousins of the Anglo- "like" are two plain, simple, evr-.ry-fiist part of Mr. Smith's paper, and 'Saxons, practically revolutionized jday monosyllables, democratic and next week will follow with his J the long run the treatment by unaffected enough to win the vote article on the inflective or deriva-' England of her great Eastern pos- of a Kansas populist. When you tive language. ,' session, although for several years I say "man like" even a Chinaman There was an interesting exhibit j after Sir William had announced couldn't take exception, its just of school books and material by his theory many of the eminent like Chinese. You think of man text hook publishers, which can he schohus of Great Hritaiu contested and then you think of something seen at the Union School and orders ' bitterly the idea, as Professor Max like him; and the "like" could go for which can be left with Wall ' Muller says, that the classical before the "man" as well as after it; ' Nichols Co., Ililo. Miss Lilinoe Ilapai delighted the audience with a vocal solo "Love's Sorrow" by I Shellev, being accompanied on the piano by Mrs. J. T. Lewis. Seve- i , ral members responded to requests I for vacation enperiences, which i proved interestingand entertaining, I Explorations of craters in the lines of the subject i hand; and i vicinity or Kilauea and sun basking it therefore seems best, more on the sea shore appear to have especially as the transition can be ' formed the principal summer made naturally, to pass from the l amusements. The next meeting of' foregoing statement of the relation the Teachers' Union will be held between the languages of India and ,on December 2d. The program (those of Euiope to a brief resume will be in charge of Win. Mc- ,f the classification of languages Cluckey. Mrs. E N. Hitchcock 'and the methods adopted; methods and Miss Harriet Hapai. j which are probably more or less The following is the fust part 'of , familiar to many of you. i address delivered by Mr. W. II. Languages, like animals and 'Smith, on "Philology:" j plants, are divided in orders, genera, I Philology is a Greek word, and ! species, and a specie is capable . is compounded of two other Greek l" almost infinite subdivision down I words, philos, loving or fond of, the individual, for as a matter of and logos, language or words. ' fact two of us speak exactly the 1 Don't suppose from this however same language, just as 110 t'wo of I that philology means a fondness us live the same lives or think the for conversation, for so far as we ,same thoughts. know, very few of the gentler but The. most general clasification of more fluent sex have been prom- j languages is into Monosyllabic, 'incut in Ihe ranks of the philolo- Agglutinative and Inflective. These (J,j,ts. "my 1,e considered the "orders" of ' The word philology as thus de-,the linguistic world. Chinese is rived is applied to a rather wide,!"- principal representative 01 tlie ange of subjects; as for example to. monosyllabic; Hawaiian belongs to 1 he sttidv of language as embodied in literature, to the stiucture and I i" its present exhaustui. state, giain syntax of a p.utictihir language, .us ' matically, lo the-inflective. 'embodied in grammar, and to the derivation and relationship of langu ages among themselves;- the last I being given the specific term of coinpatative philology, and to which the subject of this paper is intended to apply. The incident of the Tower of Habel sets fot th a truth as to the bieaking up of an original langu age into dialects unintelligible the one to the speakers of another; al though the pioress so biiefly set forth in the Hook of Genesis is one that must have coveted hundreds il not thousands of years, and the leason given is one loo characteristic of a pagan deity to appeal very con vincingly to Twentieth Century conceptions of the Supreme Power. From earliest times a common language or similaiity of dialects have,beeu thestrongest sympathetic bond between nations, and dis milarity of speech the greatest barrier, and not only a barrier, but a i ground of dislike, suspicion, and contempt. It is characteristic of human nature to be suspicious of what one does not understand; and I people dealing with each other through interpreters are never quite satisfied that the other fellow is not taking soup' advantage an ex- i perience so common in this conn- try that ech one can supply illus trations for himself. As to the contempt mentioned above, one need language, and that accordingly the I I languages of Gicecc and Rome and the tongue of the Anglo-Saxon could be related to the jargon of 'mere savages, as they then con- Isideretl the people of India. At this point I am more conscious ! separate words you get sort ol slip than ever of the impossibility of shod in your pronounciation, you .giving more than the merest out- the agglutinative, and hnglisli even The niouos-, liable, its tip: name 1 implies, arc one syllable languages. 1 Each svllablc t a word mid each jsiyie.oi speecn ne would De, piitlo I logically .speaking, a Chinaman. Nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and prepositions, numbers (singular and plural), persons (first, second and third) would be all the same to him, and when he has uttered a string of them, their intelligibility, if they had any, to anyone but him self, would depend upon their ar rangement and the imagination of the listener. Several words of Chinese may be coupled together sometimes, into one, like a train t f ears, but they always retain each its own identity and can be un coupled at will. It is the simplest form of speech. For example, in Cliiuesc, "sui" means "water," and "lokh," "down," "coming down" or "fall ing." To express the idea corres ponding to the Fuglish word "rain," the Chinese say "lokh-sui," but the two do not really become one word expressing a different idea from its component parts. There remains in the mind of the speaker the dis tinctive ideas of "falling" and "water." We come now to the nex stage of development, the languages of the agglutinative order. As can be seen from the name, it menus stick jiug together. One niightcall them the mucilaginous languages The mental paste pot has been used on them. If Chinese had reached this stage the "lokh" and "sui" which I instanced above would have formed a marriage for life instead of living in a sort of philological South Dakota, liable to divorce at any moment. In the mind of the speaker there would no longer hi the separate ideas of "down" and "water," but the single idea "lokh sui," "rain," and as a result he would probably, after a little, have it shortened down to something like "lohsui." v We de not need to go outside of our own language (although it be longs to" a different order by virtue of its predominant characteristic) to obtain futther illustration of that phase of language development of which we have been speaking, viz. agglutination. g. "man" and but when you say manlike you 'don't think of "man" and of "like" but of cei tain qualities expressed by the one word, and now that you jhave ceased to be conscious of the (favor your vocal organs and simply l say "manly," a full Hedged word ! of the agglutinative type, although j a simple one. The two woulsare I permanently united to express a certain idea which they do not ex- j' ess taken separately, but the origin of the two parts is pretty I clear to every one and the fissure i left at the point of union is distinct. A vast number of languages ex ( press all their ideas in this way, sometimes producing compound (words of almost interminable length j especially among the Indian races j of North Ameiica, which as well as the races of Malayo-Polynesian ex- traction and those of Northern and Central Asia, together with the Hungarians, Fins, Turks and Laps of Europe have reached ibis point in the development of grammatical 1 forms and the cohesion of originally , independent elements. Those of 'you who are familiar with Hawaiian , can think of almost numberless iu- stances ol such word-building where a single compound expresses an idea which can only be expressed in English perhaps by a phrase, a seu'ence, or even an explaua- lory paragraph, and it is to be noticed that the component elements of these words are but very Utile disguised, and in general they ait almost as loosely held together as aic Chinese compounds Some of the agglutinative lan guages, however, like the Hun garian and Turkish, rise to a point where to the casual observer they appear to belong to the next ordei of speech, namely the inflective; for they have specific and well recog nized tei initiations to express the first, second and third peisous of verbs, and case and nuiub-r in nouns; elements which arewinting in the simpler agglutinative lan guages like Hawaiian, which as you know has 110 conjugation of verb or declension of noun. lint in the agglutinative, as Professor Muller says, we can see the process of word and foim-makiitg going on, as you might watch the building of cells in a crystal beehive, while in the inflectional, to whiph English belongs, the different portions of a verb, for instance, in its conjuga-' lion, have become so welded to gether in its growth, that only the piweiful microscope and delicate dissecting instrumentsof the trained philologist can separate the compo nent parts and trace them to their original forms. To illustsate: The word "sever" in Turkish means ' lover" or "loving" and "sen" mtnns "thou;" so the Turk says "s versen," "loving-thou" corres ponding to "lovest" in English. Now while the two parts of "ever sen" are quite distinguishable in form and meaning, it is only, as I said above, by labored investiga tion that the philologist has been able to analyze "lovest" and show that the final "st" is the survival of an original word "tva," which thousands of years ago among our ancestors on the plains of West Central Asia, meant "thou," so that lovest means love-thou, just as seversen does. Such, then, in brief outline, are these three orders of human speech; the monosyllabic is one syllabeled, where each word like man in his primitive state, lives an isolated ex-, istence, and though associated mo mentarilv with his fellows, never becomes one with them; the agglutinative, in which words more or less permanently unite to express certain ideas, but like the nomad races of men who use them, union does not become in most cases cohesion; and lastly, the inflective, in which all elements fuse into one, leaving but traces of their distinc-1 tive origin, as have those peoples who compose what is known as the Anglo-Saxon race and whose language-is the grandest modern ' representative of the inflective type. ' In one or another of these three orders all mankind express their , thoughts or struggle to express1 them, for, as in the body we see but as through a glass darkly, so the soul often finds the most perfect of human language but a halting and imperfect means of utterance. Every noun is in its origin but the name of some object of sense, and every verb but the expression of , some physical action; so tlut al though our thoughts like thesparks fly upward, are drawn back to earth by the gravitating force of I theirembodiment in material speech, - I Lamk Hack. This ailment isj usually caused by rheumatism of the muscles and may be cured by applying Chamberlain's Pain Hafin two or three times a day and rub bing the parts vigorously at each application. If this does not afford relief, bind on a .piece of flannel ! slightly dampened with Pain Halm, ' and quick relief is almost sure to 1 follow. For sale ' by Ililo Drug Co. I S W o , ac z k 5 I 2 z $ : . xog-2-3 :; LXJ P -5 w C o : 5" o 2 - j t: o H. . la ttJrS o 1 Dm c.s.22 ; p OX" iH Ws : dgB -:: ' L-J-J L.JZ U ! : I Si J A-A-t.-....K.r.r-frft)a(1-t THE SUN BURNS flu (-licttiicil action of the sun 011 the pigment of the kin Is iikin to m-tii'il burning. The rcMiluc Is lint or freckle. The only wuv to gel rid ol tan it lo Htimtif.ite the skin to heitlthv KCllvitv ami thus expel the illseoliiii'il pigment. WITCH HAZEL This dainty face cream helps f lo temovc tan as untiling else i call. It soothes anil heals anil leeils the hkln. f It should be pari nf everv 4 outing outfit nml should be kept at home for Use the year 'rotinil. F PRICE, 25 CENTS HILO ORUG CO., Ltd. HILO, IIAWAII II. L. SHAW, Ma.wghk SEiAO LIQUOR CO. LIMITED WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS Complete Slock of Finest Table Wines, lteers. Whiskies, ('.ins, Ilrauilies anil Liqueurs. Sole Agent for PRIMO BEER Wholesale House: Serrao block, Shipiuaii Street Telephone No. 7 THE UNION SALOON Always on Hanil: BEST BRANDS Of Wines, Liquors, Iieeis Mixed Drinks a Speehlty Draught ami Jlottlejl PRIMO and SEATTLE BEER lOc Por Class Shipiuau Stteet Telephone No. 7 J. G. SERRAO, - Manager HiLd mm co. LIMITED. Telephone No. 39. Ukiuok St. Illf.O, II. I Pacific Meat Market Fkont St., lln.o, II. I. Choice Cuts ot ( Beef, Mutton, Pork, Veal. POULTRY of all Kinds FRESH ISLAND BUTTER Fine Fat Turkeys. . . Sucking Pigs. CRESCENT CITY BARBER SHOP CARVALHO BROS., Proprietors. The Old Reliable Stand is still doing UP-TO-DATE WORK Itaors houeil, Scissors nml all eileil tools perfectly ground. Satisfac tion Gunraiiteetl, iiisorv'i stwukt, O- AKAI S1?M,S Till? IIHST KY GOODS At Cheapest Prices. New Stock Hach Mouth. Small Piofits. Front St., Spreckels' Block White Horse JELLY ,' 1 .1 ft 1 . v .- - - .i - ..j. . ... .i,.. "" '"-' - ' ' -HHrinnui i-j4- mmm"