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THE WEBiqy HILO TRIBUNE, HILO, .HAWAII, TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1905.
3 r fGjH Ask for and insist upon getting PRIMO LAGER Its purity is guaranteed. It is made of the finest hops and barley malt, combined with pure arte sian water. Sold everywhere In bottle and keg MAUI UKl'MKH. AiiRucr to Auiciut of Small DEMOSTHENES' CAFE Comfortable Rooms ... Hot and Cold Baths ... A Wcll 'Stocked BuTet ... Mixed Drinks and Fine Wines ... A Cold Storage Plant on premises with all the Delicacies of the Season ... Open Till Midnight WAlANUENUE STREET, HILO CUISINE UNEXCELLED FIRST-CLASS SERVICE SVEA J23 INSURANCE COMPANY Of Oothenburg, Sweden Assets (Home Office) .... J713aa.063.36, Assets in U. S. (for Additional Security of American Policy Holders) 656,678.43 radGc Coast Department: EDWARD BROWN & SONS, General Agents 411413 California St., San Francisco. H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd., Resident Agents, HILO liiiIIIIIiSfafi.-' Many Clever People Become prejudiced against an article of merit without investigating it. With a fair, impartial trial everyone likes RAINIER BEER A good flavor, a fine tonic and other qualities which make for it a friend after each trial. RAINIER BOTTLING WORKS AGENTS, HONOLULU - fa" WHILE IT LASTS 3 3 i Wills' English Smoking Tobaccos j "Pure Latakia," '- 5Dc a tin j I "Best Birdseye," - - '40c a Tin j "Travelleps' Mixture," 35c a Tin 1 4 fromC P CUAUIUncleam's 1 IO.b.OnAW CIGAR SfORE 1 luuuuiuuuuiuiuiuiuiuumiuiiuiuuiumuuuuuiua'i lien on Fnllnro Farming. Growing out of tlic publication of the letter written by Aucust Itcn of Olnti, appearing originally in the Honolulu Uttllcttn and printed in the Tkibunu on February 21st, there has been n flood of correspon dents ready to refute Mr. Itcn's statements. Besides F. B. Mc- Stocker, a writer callinc: himself "Maui" has addressed n communi cation to the Maui News, which is as follows: Editor News. Sir: Herewith I hand you a cutting from the Evening Bulletin of Ho nolulu which is a fine example of the results of small farming on Ha waii. As it is likely that small farming in this country will be condemned in the opinion of many on such showings as this, it seems appropriate to point out wherein the small farmer failed, so that similar mistakes may not be made in the future. In the first place the small farm er admits that he raised 51 tons of cane on nn acre ol land, which pro duced when ground 6i tons of su gar; this on non-irrigated land is a first class result, and shows that the small farmer can raise good cane. It cost him per acre cultivated as per statement S139.00 which is also fairly cheap work. He pro duced 51 tons of cane for $130.00, cost then is $2.73 per ton of cane; this however docs not include har vesting, this being done by the mill which ground the cane; the cost of this however is stated at $4.00 per ton of sugar, or say $50. per ton of cane. The small farm er has then produced and delivered alongside of the cane carrier 51. tons of cane from oue acre of -land which took him two years time and cost in all $164,50. This is cheap work for this coun try, considering the conditions un der which it was done; then why did not the small farmer make money at this? The answer is that he did not make a proper bargain with the milling company when be entered in the business. There were people in the Hilo district t at tnat time raising cane (no better than that described), and selling it delivered to the flumes at $5.00 and over per ton of 2000 lbs, and they may be doing i t yet; but Mr. Small Farmer sells his cane to the milling company for a proportion of the net proceeds of the sugar due to his cane, and not knowing anything about that part of the business, took too small a proportion of said net proceeds for his share! That is all there is to it; aud these whines and groans about "corruption funds," "small profits" etc., amount to nothing more than the squeal of the pig when it is stuck. Had the -snail farmer sold his cane at $5.00 per ton delivered.to the flumes; he would have realized grops per acre $225, deducting ex penses $164.50; the profit per acre would have been $90.50, which is a better profit than can be success fully grown .and marketed in this country, in the same tme. Let the small farmer confine himself to doing something he knows something about, to wit, the cultivation of sugar cane; any of the mills in his neighborhood would be glad'to pay him $5.00 per ton of good cane delivered at the factory, even if sugar should be lower than 4 cents per pouud, and he wiil find that there is more money and greater certainty of a prompt return in his business, than in any other farming work practicable, for the small man in these Islands. It must be noted however that this only applies to non-irrigated lands, irrigation introduces a factor into the business entirly against the small farmer, because of the immense cost of putting the water on the land. I enclose my card and am. Yours truly, Maui. In answer to F. B. Moscow nrticle, which was printed in the Tribunk on February 2rst, Mr. Itcn has written the following reply: Editor Eveuing Bulletin;! fully subscribe to the very words of Mr. McStockcr when he says: "If we arc to approach this snbjcct, let us at least do so in a fair spirit as cer tainly nothing is to be gained by misrepresentation." It was not my intention to enter into any long newspaper contro versy about the raising of cane by the small farmer, but for the reason that the Pinkham Commission, act ing in a sort of semi-official capacity submitted a list of questions to me wiich I answered as fully as the nature of the document would per mit and such brief replies having been published, against which I have no objection, I deemed it proper to submit for publication a detailed account of my cane crop, which the Bulletin kindly pub lished; although in the publication a very laughable mistake occurs, viz: "Fertilizer $ 1.00 "Spreading Fertilizer... 12.00" Of course it was readily apparent that I did not spend $12.00 spread ing $1.00 worth of fertilizer on an acre. x The copy which I sent the Bulle tin read: "Fertilizer $12.00 "Spreading Fertilizer.. V.oo" I had no intention of casting nny reflection on Mr. McStocker, who was then manager of the Olaa Sugar Company, aud I am aware that the contracts given by the Olaa Com pany are more liberal than those of any other sugar company in the Territory so far as I have been able to ascertain, but that does not settle it nor does it refute my claim that the mill does not give the small farmer a fair share. It is the sys tem (as Jared Smith puts it) not the Olaa Company or its manager. Furthermore, when the Planters' Association passes and publishes a resolution expressing solicitude for the small farmer, it looks like "rubbing it in." Mr. McStocker says: Accepting Mr. Iten's figures as correct (he does not credit his account with the value of. the seed taken) we find that this cane cost him $2.72 per ton of cane. Now! will make short work of that proposition. I did not take any seed. The mill took cane seed and all and sold the seed for a higher price than it paid me per ton for the cane. However, I care nothing about that and the whole thing resolves itself back to the original statement I made concern ing profits on a ton of sugar, viz: Mills expenses , $17.20 Mills profits ...- 17.17 (My) Small farmer's expenses- 53.65 Muall farmer's small profits 7.43 Now Mr. McStocker gratuitously does considerable figuring for me, and like, the proverbial Scotchman, answers a question by asking another. He fails to explain, the mills profits. $17.37, except that to cover 6 per cent, interest on the capital invested in "cost of mill, mill site, flumes, hicluding flume from water head, cars, track, etc., (the items that come in direct contact with the planter (small, farmer) should expect about $4.75 .per ton of sugar." Now deduct $4.75 from $17.37 and we have $12.62 mills profit yet unexplained except that he pre sents other items as follows: Cost of fluining, watchmen, de lay, etc $,, Handling flume boxes, haulage, In stallation and removal, waste, etc., say 4.00 (None of the latter item was ex pended in my case.) , v Tnke that $6.00 off and there would still remain $6.62 mill's profit unexplained. If it cost $6.00 per ton of sucar for the items named labove to re move oue crop of 20,000 tons or $120,000.00, its uo wonder that the company went nearly "broke." I can uot see where it ,is. material to go into the cost of ray land, houses, fences, machinery, etc, etc. I took my land from the gov ernment at $3.50 per acre which was just, that much too high as it costs more than its worth to clear it, but that has nothing to do with this mill profit 011 the smnll fnrmpr proposition. Respectfully yours, . AUGUST TTRN- Mountain View, Hawaii, Feb. 23, 1905. 4& ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft, ft ft SUITABLE FOR EVERY DAY PRESENTS FANCY GOODS We have opened a choice lot, sttcli as : Bohemian Glassware Carved Swiss Woodwork Italian Statuettes, Busts, Vases, etc. German Music Boxes " Steins Bronze Goods Japanese Fancy Goods Satsuma Ware, Vases, Cloisonne Ware CIGARS A new shipment of the favorites of Hilo smokers just to hand: "LaPlonta" " El Belmont " Needles, Perfcctos, etc. " Cremo " Call on us and inspect them. H. Hackfeld & Co. LIMITED Waiauuenue Street. Hiln. j 4 4t4. 1 ", ' PUNTERS, ATTENTION! SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT, THE ONLY ORIGINAL AND CELEBRATED A FERTILIZER Is that which has been manufactured for the past fifteen years exclusively by the California Fertilizer Works SAN FRANCISCO, OAL. Whcu purchasing be sure that in addition to the brand the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on every sack, otherwise you' will not be getting the genuine articler A large stock of our Diamond A aud our XX HIGH-GRADE FERTILIZER Is kept constantly on hand and for sale at San Francisco putcs, puis ouiy ireigut ana actual expenses, By Our Hilo Agents, L. TURNER CO. LIMITED Hilo Electric Light Co., Ltd. Houses Wired and Lights Installed In accordance with the rules of the Na tional Board of Fire Underwriters. A complete stock of ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES Fixtures, Shades, Table, Bed and Desk Lamps, etc., always on hand. Fan Motors . . . QI6 Fan Motors, swivel frame 8 Sowing Machine Motor 20 Power for operating them $1 a month Installation charged extra. Estimates furnished on all classes of Electrical Work and Contracts taken to install apparatus complete. HILO MARKET CO., LIMITED. Telephone No. 39. Bridor St. - Hij.0, H. I Pacific Heat Market Front St., Hh,o, H. I. Choice Cuts of PAY FOR THE BEST IT'S CHEAPEST AND THAT'S THE CLASS OF WORK EXECUTED BY CAMERON THE PLUMBER , FRONT ST., Op. SPRECKEL'S BLOCK Beef, Mutton, Pork, Veal. POULTRY of all Kinds FRESH ISLAND BUTTER Fine Fat Turkeys. . . Sucking Pigs. NOTICK Neither Mm Mncf,., Agent of vessels of the "Mntson Line" will be resnnitsililn far n..,. ,1-1, i -.. traded by the crew. R. T. GUARD. Agent. Hilo, April 16, 1901 34.