Newspaper Page Text
Mi WMUavJiltO ktaUNWi llIW, HAWAII, MhsiOAY, MAkOll 6, iyofl,
r .. ' - - -I, ,f iiiMMMincwfc in i iini numwn ii m i inr i n hit -j- S MtfrfiisjUiMMSMUIMIHBttatWa mmttmutit i Jiti sisi i mm niriOMiwawwitiiWwwwii HnsHffiffisiiaasaiaBSiis&raiai HILO FURNITURE STORE i H SH & m." IK V" . W v ftl ?&" Ka. w. j m ': ' : iw... S-J.V . : . i. k;'.K ' Established 1892 Furniture, Upholstery and Undertaking Established 1892 t IIIKS3" Wood, Cane and Leather Seat Dining Chairs Extension Tables Bullets and Sideboards Bookcases Desks of all Kinds Rockers Parlor Suits Lounges f .la&OTt A .tOrt A .L-" .tt2 m mmmmm maem iiij'iyiSSKiXj"ytx &&.-&&. mm ; i i TSji", v dp .."- I'!1 Q. W. LOCKING - Malresses, PilloAVS Spring Beds Bedsteads Bureaus Chiffoniers 'ashstands Bedroom Suits in Oak, Birdseye Maple and Mahogany Matting and Rugs Toilet Sets tylg?Cg?pC cvn mmmmi tH mmmmm Front Street Energy, Ambition, Cheerful ness, Strength, a Splendid Appetite, and Perfect Health nay be secured by all who follow the example of the young lady sho gives this testimonial : "Every spring, for jrarn, I used to lure Intolerable headaches mid total loss of en ergy, so tlut tlio season wlilth should be welcomed by me was a dread ; for, as the warm, pleasant da) s nrrlt cd, they brought to me lassitude and pain. A friend advised me to take Ayer's Sarsaparilla I commenced using It ami hao not had since XhCU tlin tlr Mnm f litutlachu hly appetlto lspleiidid,aiidIpurforiiiiiiydutles with a ihvcrf illness and energy tint surprise in j self. I take pliamiro in telling all my friends of the merit of A)cr's Banuparllla, and the happy results of its tine," There are many imitation Sarsaparillas. Be sure you got "AYER'S." PrcpiredtyDr.J.C.Ar&Co.,Lowtll,Msts.,U.S.A. AYEIVS PILLS, theb.it f.mlly 'aiatlrt. For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY! TO LET Rooms and Cottages To Let APPLY to L. SEVERANCE Front St., next to Cameron's EVOLUTION' Of TIIESUUAIt BULL. Enterprise of Our L'lnuters In I'cr fecUiiK L'rocess of Blnnufiicture. The process of evolution through which the manufacture of sugar has passed on the Islands is told in a report of the committee on machin ery read at a recent meeting of the Planters' Association. The devel opment of the sugar manufactory from the primitive mill of thirty years ago to the present complica tions of machinery and apparatus of the mills of the present, is inter esting. It indicates that the plan ters have been fully alive to the interests of the industry and have brought the milling process up to a hich decree of perfection. The committee report recognizes the fact that the Waiakea mill at Hilo has been in the forefront in success fully adopting new mechanical de vices, and this is undoubtedly due to the fact that its manager has a special, practical interest in ma chinery. The following are ex tracts made from the report: The year 1876 was the first year in which we enjoyed the benefits of the Reciprocity Treaty, and through that treaty a new impetus had been given to the sugar in dustry a steady improvement hav ing been the rule since then, in every department of the business. At that time no one ever dreamed that mp'e than one 3-roller mill was necessary for crushing cane, and extraction was not often men tioned as a criterion of efficiency. Wnat we did hear often was, "How many tons are you making?" "Ob, about ten!" and, mark you, this referred to a whole day's work, although candor compels the admission that it was not a twenty-four-hour day. But certainly it is a vast step from ten tons of sugar per ten-hour day, to as much as too and 300 tons in a twenty-four-hour day, which is now accom plished on some of our larger plantations. When 8 cent sugar became ajiast experience, and all indications foretold a still lower price, it be came obvious that we woulc have to get more of the sugar whi h was in the cane, into the market The first improvement with this :nd in view was made in the year 1880, when a two-roller mill was ilaced behind the existing 3-roller jill at Spreckelsville, Maui. This could not be called a successful speri ment, as great difficulty was icperi- roller refore e ob ject of the additional mill, vis out enced in getting the new : mill to take the feed, and th drier grinding, which was t of the question. This di did not prove an insurmoi one, however, for in 1 884 a : mill was installed at Wi which had a patent feeder, vention of Mr. Alexander vaung, then manager of the Honolul Iron Works, This combination was emi successful, the results beiit beyond any expectations, percentage of extraction was iculty itable roller akea, lie in- ently far The aised from the seventies to eighv-five and ninety. This was such 11 increase in extraction that doubts were expressed as t large rave the accuracy of the reports. Chduists came from Honolulu to them, and did so. liven erify then doubting Thomases were rif and one fine morning the S. S. Ii elike arrived in Hilo, with a lot of n :gass in bags, to put with a fair an sunt of maceration, through the new 2-roller mill at Waiakea. Th en gineer of the plantation sendin the megass came along to see fair lay. The result of this special trial was conclusive, and the plantatio re- lerreu to, ordered a mill w 11 a feeder at once. Orders then vent to Honolulu Iron Works so fast, that working day and night, they couldjnot supply the demauc but bad to bend to San Francisco and have some made the same a the original. We called these nillsi "Maceration Mills" on accomt of the water used. I well remember while thejjwere I yet new, how sceptical manyfvere, as to their necessity. Mr. Alex auder Young said to a plantation 1 owner one day, standing behind his mill. "Mr. So and-so, you are not getting more than 65 per cent, ex traction with that mill of yours." "Sir," said Mr. So-and-so, "you say that agaiu and will have you arrested." "Well, I would like to put in a mill to catch what is left," said Mr. Young, and the planter felt badly hurt at the implication. He is still amongst us and may be here today, but he now has three 3-roller mills. Maceration was such a decided improvement, that various com binations of mills were tried in the effort to get increased extraction. It soon became evident that some method of preparing the cane was necessary, so that the first mill would take its feed steadily and evenly, and discharge a blanket of megass, which after dilution, would feed to the second and third mills without baulking. Rollers which were held ab solutely rigid could only do good work with a feed of uniform thick ness, but the then necessarily un even feed was partly overcome by the application of the toggle springs to the cap bolts of the top roll. This, however, did not assure as steady a .feed at the first mill as was necessary, and in our efforts to overcome this defect, we were shortly adding to our crushing plants, the Krajewski Crusher, the National Cane Shredder, and the Smith Revolving Cutter: the first installation of each being placed at Pepeekeo, Wainaku and Waiakea respectively. Some of these ma chines are now a part of nearly every factory, and their value is beyond question. Some factories indeed, have installed both a cutter and a crusher, and many cutters, which were thrown to one side shortly after installation, have been since resurrected from the scrap pile, and are now doing duty nobly, thanks to Mr. H. Lorenz, who ad mired the knives the first he saw them at work. After a short but comprehensive experience with the diffusion pro cess of extraction, the Ewa Planta tion Co. determined to discard this process and adopt crushing. This mill, having three 3-ro1' , with the top roll of each fitted with hy draulic rams, the pressure applied to the rolls being within immediate control, and a unitorm known pres sure being assured for cane and macerated bagasse, was a distinct advance over our previous combina tions. The extraction rose from go per cent, up to 93 per cent., and it was so necessary by this time to get everything possible out of the cane, that all interested desired such mills for their factories. This combination (three 3-rollers) with the various feeders remained the standard, until the installation two years ago at Oahu Plantation of a four 3-roller mill, behind their three 3-roller combination. This installation was the first of its kind in the world. The adoption of this idea and its application is entirely due to the progressive spirit of Ha waiian planters and engineers and the results have amply justified their judgment. Increased capacity and better extraction with a min imum of maceration have been ob tained. The decrease in maceration is obtained by taking the thin juices from the fourth mill to macerate at the back of the first mill. Construction of Steamer. J. A. Kennedy has advertised for bids in San Francisco for the new 15-knot boat to displace the Kinau on the Hilo-Honolulu run. The new steamer is to be an exception ally fine vessel, with ample pass enger accommodations, and eclips ing in some respects the passenger arrangements of some of the ocean going liners calling at this port. The new vessel is to have a saloon, piano, library, hardwood dining tables, etc. Especial attention is to be given to the staterooms. The new boat may bum oil for fuel and she may be ready to go into com mission at the end of the present year. Hilo Railroad Co. Short Route to Volcano TIME TABLE In effect July 1, 1905. Passenger Traius, Except Sunday. 7 9. A.M. P.M. 7:00 3:30 75 3!35 7!2J 2:53 7:30 3:15 7 3:30 8:00 3:55 8:20 4:15 I 3 A.M. P.M. 8:00 2:30 8:06 2:36 8:25 2:55 8:32 3:02 8:49 3:i9 9:05 3:35 95 3:55 STATIONS IV Hilo , or... .Waiakea.., ar...01aa Mill.., ar Keaau.... ar... Ferndale... ar..Mount. V'w. ar.. Glen wood.. SUNDAY: iv illlo ar ar.... Waiakea ...ar ar.:.01aaMill...ar ar Keaau ar ar... Ferndale ...ar arMouut. V'w..ar ar... Glenwood...lv 8 A.M. 9:4 9:35 9:20 9:i5 9:00 B:50 8:30 2 A.M. 10:48 10:44 10:28 10:22 10:06 955 9!35J 10 P.M. 5'4S SMo 5:2s 5:i5 4:55 45 4:2s 4 P.M. 5:i5 5-.II 4:56 4:5 4:35 4:25 4:05 FOR PUNA: The trains of this Company between Hilo and Puna will be ruu as follows: WEDNESDAY: Leave Hilo Station, by way of Rail road Wharf, for Olaa and Puna, upon the arrival of the Steamship Kinau, running through to Puna and stopping at Pahoi. 13 A.M 6:00 "6:06 6:28 6:58 7:20 5 A.M 9:00 9:06 95 9:50 10:20 10:55 FRIDAY: ,lv Illlo ar . ar.R. R. Wbarf.ar ... ar.... Waiakea. ...or ..Jar.. .Olaa Mill...ar .... jar..Pahoa Juncar .... ar Paboa ar .... ar Puna Iv SUNDAY: Iv Hilo ar Jar.. .. Waiakea. ..ar! .jar.. .Olaa Mill...ar ar..Pahoa June. ar Pahoa ar .,ar Puna Iv 14 A.M. 9:55 9!jO 9:30 9:10 8:43 8:30 7:35 6 P.M. 4MO 4:3S 4:15 3:47 3.35 -12? Excursion tickets between all points are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good returning, uutil the following Monday noon. Commutation tickets, good for twenty five rides' between any two points, and thousand mile tickets are sold at very low rates. D. E. METZGER, Superintendent. ALL KIND3 OP RUBBER GOODS GOODYEAR RUBBER CO. R. II. PEASE, President. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., U. S, A. Subscribe for the Tribunw, Island subscription $2.50 a ycat, i M t W '. 'At Mi Vk h S7P 'flfl V,l J"1 L J h" tl . i'T - V. x N ' W. v lf: Vst b ' ' ty- , ". 5 . ... " j 9 SiW Si'