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Wabash express. [volume] : (Terre-Haute, Vigo Co[unty], Ind.) 1841-186?
Alternative Titles:
  • Express
Place of publication:
Terre-Haute, Vigo Co[unty], Ind.
Geographic coverage:
  • Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana  |  View more titles from this: City County, State
Thos. Dowling
Dates of publication:
  • Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 28, 1841)-
  • English
  • Indiana--Terre Haute.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01207975
  • Indiana--Vigo County.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01206381
  • Terre Haute (Ind.)--Newspapers.
  • Vigo County (Ind.)--Newspapers.
  • "Republican."
  • Also issued on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
  • Archived issues are available in digital format as part of the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • Daily eds.: Daily Wabash express (Terre Haute, Ind. : 1851), 1851, and: Terre-Haute daily express (Terre Haute, Ind. : 1851), 1851-<>, and: Daily express (Terre Haute, Ind.), <1856>-1857, and: Daily Wabash express (Terre Haute, Ind. : 1857), 1857-<1861>.
  • Has occasional supplements.
  • Latest issue consulted: Vol XX, no. 7 (January 23, 1861) = whole no. 958; U.S. Newspaper Archive (viewed June 5, 2017).
sn 82016350
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Wabash express. [volume] July 23, 1856 , Image 1


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Wabash Express and The Daily Wabash Express

On December 13, 1841, John Dowling established a Whig weekly titled the Wabash Express in Terre Haute, Indiana, located on the banks of the Wabash River.  John’s brother, Thomas Dowling, had previously owned the Wabash Courier, and one of the terms of sale prohibited Thomas from establishing another newspaper in Terre Haute for five years.  Thomas recruited his brother to establish the Express in his stead to circumvent the provision.  John Dowling sold the Wabash Express in 1845 to David S. Danaldson.  In January 1851, Danaldson issued a short-lived daily edition, the Daily Wabash Express.  John B. L. Soule purchased the Express in November 1853 and edited the paper until June 28, 1854.  Some sources claim that it was Soule who coined the famous phrase, “Go west young man,” while editing the paper.

Robert N. Hudson began operating the Express in September 1855.  Hudson also acquired the press of the Know Nothing supporting Terre Haute Daily American around this time.  He established a permanent daily, the Daily Express, in addition to continuing the paper’s weekly edition.  In 1857, Hudson acquired the Wabash Courier and merged it into the Express’s operations as well.  “Devoted to the Whig Policy” continued to appear below the Express’s title well into 1859, even though the Whig Party had collapsed several years before.  In 1856, the Express endorsed candidates of the People’s Party, a forerunner of the Republican Party in Indiana.

Charles Cruft purchased the Wabash Express in 1861 and owned it throughout the Civil War, even while serving as a brigadier general in the Union Army.  In 1867, Cruft altered the title to the Terre-Haute Daily Express.  Circulation for the weekly and daily editions of the Express neared 1,000 in 1869.  Cruft sold the paper in 1872 to the Express Printing Company.  From 1875 to1879, the publishers operated the paper as a Greenback Party organ and retitled it the Terre Haute Dollar Express.  They also started a Sunday edition in 1878.  In August 1879, William R. McKeen acquired the paper, changing its name back to the Terre Haute Express. He sold it in May 1882, and in that same year Mary Hannah Krout briefly served as the editor of the Express, likely making her among the first female editors of an Indiana newspaper.  In 1883, George M. Allen, the new owner, added a second daily edition published every evening, which was short lived.  Allen also instituted other changes: the weekly edition was increased to eight pages around 1888, the daily edition expanded to eight pages during the 1890s, and the weekly edition changed to a semiweekly in 1897.  Allen sold the Terre Haute Express in March 1899 to a stock company led by McKeen.  Daily circulation reached 3,000 copies in 1900.  After a nearly 62-year run, the last issue of the Express appeared on April 29, 1903.  The non-partisan Terre Haute Morning Star succeeded the Express and until late 1904 carried its name on the masthead as the Terre Haute Morning Star and Express.

Provided by: Indiana State Library