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R. V. IIUDSOS. EDITOR.
TKIIKK HALTE. IND. WEDNESDAY MAY 23. 1SG0 EEPUBLICAH CAUDIDATES. - VOR TKXSIDIST, A B It A 11 A M LINCOLN, OF ItiXOH. groR vies raxsiDtsT, rH AN'NIBAL HAMLIN. CF XAI5K. o 'residential Kletsrvl Ticket. Htctorttr tht Stat$ at WILLIAM CUMBACK.of Decatur. JOHN" L. MANSFIELD. cfJefferaoc. DUtrict Eltcton. lit U'.strlct Cjras M. Alle, of Knx ; sad District Joan W. Kay, of Clark ; 3rt lu.trtci Morton C. Hunter.of Mooroe r th lMrtct Job H. rnnr of Fraaaha ; y.ft lii.trlct Tmler.ofFTtu: wtn Mstrict-Tteuben A. Ktier.of Hancock ; Utk Loitnct -John llitoth, f Pataam : ei.i Instrtct xtmad Ii. H?.f TTipf : nh D stilcl-James M.Tyaer, of Miami; iKd i.tri:t Isaac Jonkinson. of Allen ; lltn I.tricl-Pav1t O. teller, of Hcul; ICt piiMirnii State Ticket. roa covix.toa, HENRY S. LANE, of Montgomery. ton iitittsAMT (iovttsoa, OLIVER P. MORTON, of Wayne. 0. UaiTUT 0 STATZ, WILLIAM A.PEELLE,of Randolph. roa Tarastaia or arara, JONATHAN 3. HARVEY, ef Clarke Oft ACCITOK OF STATZ, A LIIERT LANCE, of Vif. Cft TTGakT CISKtAL, JAMES O. JONES, of Vanderburgh rt airoaira or atraiMx cotar. hKNJ AMIN HARRISON, of Marion, j ! oa cuaa. or airaxnx coiat, j JOHN P. J0NE3, of Lagrange. ica rirrti.'iri::-' or rceuc iTccTit, MIlES J. FLETCHER, of Putnam. Abraham IJeo!. . V diMhare a duty today aatiatnore ixteAr to ut thao any we have been , . . i ct ltU upon to discharge, during ao edt- fcrial life of near hve years " - r iL Jea 1 of our column, aa the nominee of the Republican party .the name of Abraham Lincoln, it candidal for the Preaideney in lrGO. There is a thrill of pleaaure pervad ing onr whole being aa we do this, which is indiseribably pleasurable. We place his name at the head of our column, because he is the first choice of the Republicans, a indicated by their delegate to convention a-mlled because he ha been, and i. ojrfirU choice because lei in every par ticular worthy the distinguiahed honor con fercd upon Lim, and Ucause he it to-day, tie rcott perfcctembjdimeiit of that feature in the institutions of this country, which gives to the humblest individual, the equal right to atpire to be the greatest among us. We are for Honest old Abe Lincoln" for ten thousand good and sufficient reaaona. Horn in the Up of poverty and inured to the privations and toil of a wettern fron teer life, he caa fully appreciate the ne cessities and waut of this great and grow icig people who are now filling up the rich Valley of ihe Mississippi. Coming to Indi ana before it was a State.be is familiar! i with the life and labor our pioneer fathera indured, and know full well how to ap preciate an honest heart, although it may be covered by a rough exterior. Having spent a!l the early year of his manhood with that cla of people, upon whose brawny shoulders always has and alwaya will rest the glory and renown of our com mon country, he it the full representative of their hepcs.of their industry, of their ; determination, of their integrity and of their masterly common sense. Springing j from an bumble oragio.his life and hit j present position is a beckoning incentive j to every young roan in the whole country, t) imitate the example thus aet before them. Having arrived at the age of fifty twoyeara, h? stands to-day before the American peo ple, uustained by ene dishonorable act either in public or private life. If he bat tine fault, it ia that of beiog too generous if he 1st e'er committed cne error it is that of having too nobl a nature, ever to I InlttiUe hit manhood to increase hit j ctch each word as they fell from his lips -aln if tie deerveaeenure in not draw. ' We atatc thi. in thi connection, only to 02 around him lheIuxarietoflife.it it be j show the deference our people pay to learn raute be loved virtue better than all theae, ing and genius. Certainly there is noth antl looked for happiness only io the ptth ing so very interesting to look upon, when pointed out by the true impulce of a pure we behold Horace (lreeley. There is noth- aad exanlted nature. When the (Jod of Israel. inJicated to His lople whom they should select a their j Tfry profound in what he ay. Hut then King, " Saul ihe on of Kish" wta pointed j it is "HoraceGreeley" he who hasthought out U Ibens, and when he - Ud amoog ao much, and written o much. There is the? people, he wa higher than any of the j this day a greater desire on part of the pen people from hta ahonUers and upward." j pie in .he (ireal West to see Mr. Greeley. Itd-MS eern to ua that the same Provi-, than to eee any other living man. It it the dence ha potcted nut to this people, who j icfluc&ee of the press on the popular hall be their great leader in the coming atruggle between frredora and alavery, and as Saul slew the Amonite, ' ao that oet two of them were left together," will the pretige cf Lincoln' name, and the ttero virtues of hi life.dri ve from the high placea of this General Government, the ten thou-, and dihoneat and corrupt men who lave almost destroyed this glorious hcri tage which has t-en bequeathed tu u by our fuhera. No convention of free tuen which ever assembled upon this continent, did ao Venous a work, at the ene receatly as- semtled at Chics. It ha acUsl welt, and the plaudits of the people will be to m . a rach ani every utlegate aa L returns borne, " well done thou good and faithful -rvent." No more irupartaot despatch ever trembled along the telegraphic wirr, titan that which last Friday an Bounced ta IlO.OOO.IKHJ ef people, that Abraham Lincoln nod Hsnotbal Hamlin were the nomieees of the Republican Convention theo in e ..on at Chica-o. It started a thrill ia the j iMic heart. whel wilt palsate from Uire to Texas, front the Atlantic Sea board to the Tacifcc Coast, and ike true ,en (n-m every State ar.d lrni evfy ; tt will rally to the auppoet of the I sol with n tittoimity unparalleleJ in the pa Ir.wsl history of Uis eountryT rhr sre to day more of the eleuMbls of universal pep-ilartty in the character and lrso-)l Ins!' ry of " Hones'. At e Lincoln .f lllitjot" than av olher ma en the 1 . i --.-. rnntisfnt ll 1 ft, Aa " hi -hr lb.,, anv ef bis ,op!e. fr,.r hi. .holder. ...I n.ard . Siw the dav. when all thst was grea: an j;oo.t sunk ls rst asd t!.e q.iet shade d Mmu&l Ycrneosint-r the t tiebaur of Mtstsckuteiu, the Sae of ilo&tcce'lj, tic Uiician of S-lh Carolir a and the " Co&UluUaal Lapoa .lee" closed their eye la tke brght 4& liht, wt) du blive no truer mu, u aUee ; Uta, üt DO aircerer man ks t(d than Abraham Lincoln. Hia great eaap.K in . Illlüoit With Mr. Douglas waa one of un urpJ iotelUetaal power, wteuit.-. the J.ulioK fro a ihe lips of Ibe Utile Mi Liaiaelf. tbat Abe Lincoln t o.tevs ' ej the laust wotJetful regret aay lieiufittan.' To aee ihe full kra Jure vf! :.n...ti.. ft lha tsiorai Uautv ef . . 1 adrHir and lo iL . tl wl.wle f 1' j man, he hat only to b ad upon an emi nence, in full view of the hol people, and themcretbejaee of hia, the core they I will adtnir him tb closer he it ap- pro ached, the more newiw oaiovru. Were it sot invidioue to make compari sons, we would predict, a more glorious triumph for the nominee of the Republi can party next November, ihan has erer be fore occurred in tbt political history I j Ibii costtry. Tbeomen are all favorable, the argury auspicious, and victcry await u. EülTOaiAL COIlllKSPtlSDKXlK. Chicago, May 1C, 'CO. At 12 o'clock to-day lie National Re publican Convention waa called to order by Ex Got. Morgan, of New Tork. Lorg previous to the hour bo the door of the "Wigwam" were to be opened, the im mense concoarae of people bad blocked up Lake and Market streeU. and awtrtoed in every direction, each one eier to be the first who should enter. When tie several large doors wre thrown open the crowd ru-hed id, filling in a very short tin.e the eulire building. The dc legate catne in bj Stalft and took their arate. The tten ographers.lke reportert, the editorial corpt and tLe invited guests occupied the placet respectively provided for them. The P t wat crowded to overflowing, and the gal Series were radiant with beauty. More !than ten thouaand personalere pressed I together within ike wallt of thia building, j and yet, ao well it it arranged, and so per feet it venlillatioo, that all seemed Com fortable and were at cake. It reminded us of our schoolboy daya, whto io reading of of the glory of old Rome, we pictured the Coloaeum, when the Eternal City ! having a holiday. From about the center j of the room cornea down from the rool, four wires, which are connected with small bat- Urle. each watched over by a . T a . an attentive leleg-aptc operaior. Tbee a mall wirea catch up each thought a it falla from the tongue, and praelaima it t the world aw Perhapa there hat tefer been Humbled together, at any one time tu one room, on . . ,,;-,. k,, m,ow i,or,U aa crowded Jr & f ., , lover the large hall, from the reportert , WTri fc man heads and facet each one ditfering from the other, no two alike, yet all hu man heads and facet. - f I.. IJ .1- 1 -i. ot. J10rg.u cooc.uaea ib ur... sw,. be isaueon caiiiogtne uonvenuoQ tooruer, by moving that David Wilmot act aa tern- .!- . L. --8)--- ' - mil w UVUt . "HU J " " 1 wl por.tj cbt.rm of L. C... Th.r. . Jtulhv Efrrj Mt j ,h,( : ( . uio , kn0, more o( .h,t w ?.p" :"'zt h,."e.iLth7oüd!uil"',, j &!. u u.u. Ui. .u.i..u 7, , V ; . "11J'"",,,ht' ri'',r"1 lb 0f tC"'l-'ub.,.i..w,otlot,..le.ria. U.M Wilmot, ilmot, and on taking the chair ,. m m , ,. ti- i . ,tv.- : .... ... he made a speech Mr. Wilmot is not pre- ! thus feeling and know- , gtQWD l0 u ,ix fwl four lDclif , , lUlnrf posset.ing in lis appearance nor an enter- j '.thit Convention wtll.we earnestly hope , WM ,clif, ftnJ athi.Uc, Coull wield the fining speaker. Hi voice i, neither full ! aJoPl f ,ne"Ur" oJ n"m,ntle ! Jirect lh Plow' or BM lh rifle " musical, and hi. tongue it thick and j roen M " ml obatton of the f welUi Ult best üf hi. compeers, and w a. . ... , f.v 1 . 1 1 f entire people. (0ijt tip to all the mvsteriea of prairie heavy. From Ihtsetfort of the distinguished : . . . . . r ..... . .... 1 . . ,, Our judgment it today, aa in our last, firraing. and fully inured to hardship and I'.nRtv tii'iiB we erwna in the rstiil rin ... ' J ' . v j . elusion, that David Wilmot is a great man bv aecideni a prominent man in the rub lie eye, only because at the proper time, and with the proper degree of pluck, he offered in the Congress of the United estate hit famous protis. He ia not a good pre- ! aiding officer, but as temporary chairman he acquitted himself sußicieMly , tolera ble. After prayer was efTered the Convention proceeded to business. Each Slate was called upon to select one of il number, to compose a committee ou permaneul organ ization. In calling over the names of the d 1 fit rent Slates, and when Virginia, Texas, Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland and Dela- ware answered respectively to their name., j an enthusiastic shout went up from that vast coucourse of free men, which made the very building tremble Aod when South Carolina and Mississippi were called, a low contemptuous hist ran through the audience showing how Northern free men despise the disunion tentimenta enter- lained and advocated by the leading Dem ocrats in those Slates. Upon several occasion to day hen Mr. Greelej, (who it acting as a delegate from Oregon,) arose to speak, be wa greeted with much feeling by the audience. The word would fly from one end of the hall to the olher, that "Old Herace" was speaking. and all seemed eager both to see bin) and ing pleasant to the ear, when are hear him tpt-ak and secmicgly there is nothing so mind Previous to the adjoun ment of the Con vention thia forenoon, quite a difference of opinion seetnsd to pervade the minds of j the delegate, in relstion to a motion ta adjourn, aod also the accepting ol an invi- tation from the Hoard of Trade of this city to lake a pleaaure eicnrsien on the lake "Coafuaian appeared Io beroe worse eon founded, when old Joshua R. Giddings aro, and by a few suoneeta of caramon aease talk, straightened everything op ! and put matters again on the right trsck. f .a .s s ft a . J i The Convectten tnea adjourned antu rave o'ebxa tat evening, from wkieh time we , mi ri!e in ir nett. Th jMl jatUn. t.day are that the Sew England S;ate will rat ak Pennsylvania, i JUiooi and Indiana Intake Mr. Seward jf tkoe State ay be i not the right man for t heat. We still adhete l ear former conviction that Abraham Lineolo it decidedly promi j H . M . . , j ... - - - -. lhi mbng 'he crowd ia the Canvra iiwu ws much larger thai yesterday. Every squsre iut' of pae was ccupted A roilemsn near us made an ettticate aad bl"l the nuruber prcs al aot lese ihH 12,) Evet the l evf was Covered and human face loktd dwc throwgh the k) -lights upon tke vast ikrong Ulow. A rquet aa seat to lie Convenuoe that it ,urbth speaker for 30.1 g aod Republi cana who ereoa lh eafsW and cou'd aol . lU Tt UU "J", u the W.gw.m in ev.ry directio were black with Riaek Kepublitaas. Never prhap has there Ua large a mass of people together at any o&etiaa since the ofgaaiaa tiwn vl ibe Republican party, aod never a theie a no gf nllenoatly , sober, earnest and mteiligtat body of men as- ssmbled ia a g-od werk. Thi reorniag the eom&tte n credto tisls rusde thtif report, and aaioD wtatr thiags r. ported that it shoU require 304 ote U Oille the notuinttioo, that Uitg m.joriiy deleal.a frw mU the Siat.a t the Uaio. A raiLority report was also reU-d urgiag that a ni.j.nij ( the slecioral vote il the States arreeaf, should b ufLcietit to deter wir. the i i. .lastiohs Pfwu this thtit ailt t-e J touch aaid thia afternoon. While thia re fort waa under discussion Mr. Wilmot taoTtd to rtfer back to the committee, the credential of the State of Kentucky, Maryland and Tetaa, having particular reference to the letterState. The object of Mr. Wilmot in doing thia was to have theae slave holdiog Stau tLat wet re preaented in the Convention, to have a vote only in accordance with the number of Congressional districts which auch delegate reprriited , for at iu iodic rf these States there have been no Republicau State Convention, it would be unfare that the delcgatei ahould be permitted to cat a vote eqaal to the entire electoral vote of the Slate. Those Soutbtrn States, upon firtt bluah, took thia aa au effort tu exclude them from the Confection, and a warm and animated debate aprungcp. TL ere are no truer Republican ou tbit great foot tool, tbau thoe mlo, iiting it. alave State, de dare lhemelve a tuch. They go through the 6 re and come out (roe metal. Feel ing thua the Republicans from thoae Statet were much increased anj their at tack on Mr. Wilroot were fat and forioua. But when Mr. W. explained, that hi ob ject in raakiog the tuoiion, w oolj io d- termiced bow manj TOtea tbec Statea ehould rightfully have, where .no Republi ran party wat yet organized and yet have delegate io the Couveutiuo, the propriety of the matter wat at once fcieu, and moat of lhoe very Saaten voted to rrft-r the tub jf et back to the cou,iuillee. The vole to refer waa regarded a. .ome , tlir.g of a test vote, for the most of the del egates from Southern Statea are for Datea or Sward, and the Seward men rely on thdtn eventually for support. On a vote a . . ... rm a m oya ates.it swoa a loiiowawiu lor ferriug back to the committee and 172J j againtt it. This it will be perceived would j be equal-if it i a teat of Mr Swarda ; strength to bC volet for him to 137 against him. Those opposed to the Senator from New York are much encouraged by this, and the Lincoln ttock wat high at the ad journment thia forenoon. I Li ia tne on.y import mi tcuag up to hapljr(, , 1,journ ; tU nbbor thia writing. 12 M . 17lh iost The plat- j hooJ he T j,Mke,, upun H4 a witard.and form will be reported this afternoon.but as regTded wjlh an ftWe fc!lited t . myie. the committee in whose hands it i. is a j vr.fr very able one, representing futly every shade of difference in the Republican par ty. it is thought there will be but little difli culty in relation to it. We have never witnessed a more eon . ü elf ment. a more patriotic etilbu- siism.a more determined persistence in th ricrht than is evidenced in this Con- lUt I Mr ir,l nnt nnm UltPi Mr. . .. ..... -w . - 1 Lincoln will be. H. !9mmt 1.1k It. jbe Republicaa Convention, now in aes- , "ion in Chicago ibet not like the word national. The committee on resolutions. in their report, called their party the Aefieaai Republican Lontentton. 1 hit did not tult tome of the lea lers, and, upen mo tion of Joshua R. Giddings, the word national was stricken out. Journtl. The nsme of the party to which we have the honor of belonging, ia not the National Republican party. In the 14 lh resolution of the f latform of principles, as printed and handed to each delegation in the Conven tion, and which reads as follow : " That the Aieaa Republican parly is opposed to any change in our naturalization laws, Ac." it was discovered by the Chairman of tl e committee on resolutions, that the w ord " National" waa not in the manu script sent to the printer, and that it had been inserted erroneously by the composi tor. The chairman announced this fact and requested the delegations to alter their printed slips, to correspond with the manuscript furnished the printer, and which alone was the work of the commit- tie. We do not recollect that Mr. Oid- dlrgs said any think about it. and if our memory serves us, he made no reference to it whstsoevei. The effect of traciftg the word "National" was to leave the name of the party correct the " Republican party. ' The barue of that glorious old party which went down U-ntath the progress of events, waa the Whig party not ihe .Yefieaef Whig party. The uame of that I arty rhosu Pri sidmt now refusea to have an icquiry made into hi official acts, it tb Democratic party, not the Nttio I Democratic party. While the Republican party i eminent ly national io its principle and policy, it claims to have no other name than that of Rartatico. Haw It Takes. Ther i one universal etpressioo of ap probation on part of the Republicans in this portion of the State, in relation to the nominee of lh Chicago Convention. fhfTf j, DOl 0f flepuhliean i,001 wt j t vel t0 tut is warmly in favor of ita action, tttakea likewild fire, and kindles an enthusiasm in every heart. There is more than approbation, ther ia ao earnest enthusiasm in relation to the ticket. No man could have teen selected who it ao universalis popular. Abraham Liucoln is closer to ihe hearts of this people than any ; oll)ff He seems to U the man for the time, aod the tin.es are favorable for the promotion of the man The Democratic p.rty here are chagrined, perplexed . dia appointed. They had hoped the action of the Convection would hav been otherwise. They don't much like the platform end ihey fear the "Giaot Killer," of the prairie Stale All at once they are ttnbouoded ia their admiration af Mr. Seward. He looms u p to their unprejediced fancy as the great- est living statetn. an . In this our brother Detcocrata are about right, but he is not the Republican catiJidtle for the Presiden cy, and Consequently his merits or demer its are not to be discued. With the po litical record of "Old Aba" we will have much ta da, and to it, sudti it alone e invite the attention of t Democratic f'ied. We will be prepare J, at all time aad on very occasion to def.ad him ai d his past history, frem his Virth until he made his "irrepressible conflict" speech at Springfield oa the lih da? , Jacuary li'i?. aftd front then until r.ow. Whttever ef good he has said r done Lall from tia to litif endeavor to lace tsforw sur rttvlert. bat if tid no d utt hit cr.eti.iei wit) iwake public. Haatva a Piaasca. Upe. ineitati Dr. S. D. Jeaee, wt took one cf lit electric bath ytdsy aad fqast it a inoat delifhtfsl efftir, lopart.Bf tew lift asd vifsr itoscs. Dr. Jot es hat been bat hsrt titzt aaaoag aa, yH he La already pefes4 some tstotiishirg cures, both villi hit leetrvc ttba asvd by awricwl oraUowa (Ub feet, SUff jat&l,at. We can cheerfully racoBred hi baths as the sl delifltf.il e ever eiprietct4( 91 Tfco Pcoplo'o CcnJ-to for Prccident. "UAILS AND IXAT.DOATt.1 Lo Callus and Hard Cider cons aaln lllffraipUUavl Hkelclt ( Abraham I.lnelM. lron the CbUago Pr awJ Tribune.) AtitHiM LtxooLM ta a native of Hardin County Kentucky. He waa born ou lie 12ih day of February, 1 eOd. Ilia parent were both from Virginia, and were certain ly not of the firtt fatniliea. Hi paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincoln, emigrated from Reckiogham County, Virginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or 2, where a year or two later he wa killed by Indiana, uol iu battle, but in teallh, while lie waa la boring to open a farm in the forest. Hi ancestor, who were rcipecUblo membera of the Society of Frienda. went to Virginia from Berk County, Pennsylvania. De acendanta of the ioe atock still re'idf io the Eau rn part f that latc. Mr. Lincoln' falLcr, at the death of At father, wat but aix year of age, and he trew up literally without education. He removed from Kentucky to what is now Spencer County, Indiana, in 181C. They reached their new home about the time the State aa admitted into the Union. The . at a a i region in wüicii they M-tlied I rt.ae ana ! wild, and I hey endured, fur tome years, lU harJ litft Ct: of , froD,ier life, i which the struggle iih nature for existence and security it to be maintained only by coustant vigilance. Rears, wolves and other wild animals still infested the woods and toudip Lincoln acuuired itore .-kill in lh UMf of lU nrtt, lb kiiuWledKe of lfWIkr TKwre Wrt. ....naiont here and ,herw knuW (- lhJ ,JaUt.rio, denoroina tioo of "schools," but no qualification waa required of a teacher beyond "readin', writia' and cypherin'," a the vernacular i phrase ran, as far as ihe rule of three. If a Mratrgler supposed to understand atwus ea s siai wv Hard work and plenty of it was the order of the day, varied, indeed, by an occasion al bear hunt, a not unfrequent deer chase, or other wild port. Of course when ! young Linmlu came of age he wat cot a i scholar, lie could read and write, and j j,d lurue knowledge of arithmetic, but 1 -i .11. 1 a . 1, V,..l V...I ..: o! V- ...... i W I,.. I IUI!. UCB L1C IlllirU Bli II UUb been to school. Whatever hi acquire ments are, they have been picked up from time to time as opportunity occurred, or as tha presure of some exigency deman ded. Al twenty oue he removed to Illinois, and passed the first year iu Macon county, in active labor on a farm, where he and a fellow laborer (uamed Hanks) SPLIT THREE THOUSAND RAILS in the year 1630. It will be interesting- to the millions before whom he ia now placed as a candi dale for the highest office iu the gift of a free people, to know that he once inanayed a ß at boat oo the Ohio River. The anec dotes which he sometimes relates to his friends of his tuaratime experiences before the introduction of steam or the western rivers, are indescribably laughable. From Macon Couaty be went to New Salem, in what is row Menard County, where he remained ebout a year. Then came the Black Hawk war. A corapauy of volun teers was raised in New Salem and the sur rounding couutry.eod yauog Lincoln was elected captain a success which, he has since said, gave him more pleasure than he has ever since enjoyed. He served with credit during the campaign, and be came popular. Returning to Sangamon County he learned the art of surveying, and prosecuted that profession until the finsneial crisis of 1637 destroyed the value of real eatate and mined tbebuainca the resull of which was that young Lincoln's surveying apparatus was aold on execution by Ihe Sheriff. Nothing daunted by this turn of ill luck, he directed hia attention to the lav, and borrowing a few books from a neighbor, which betook from the office in the even ing, and returned them again in the morn ing, he learned the rudiments of the pro fession in which he hat aioce become ao distinguished, ly lAe light e m Ire fUee. A boil thi time the Whiga of hi county conferred aponhira the nomination for the Legislature He was successful in this and in three succeeding elections, by tri umphant msjoritie. While a member of the Iegi1ture he Aral gave indications of his superior powers as a debater, and he in-crt-ased, by frequent practice, his nstural faculty for public speaking. He improved industrious', y the opportunities that were here offered of elf cultivation. Frni the position of a subaltern in ths rank of the Whig party, a portion that was appro priately assigned him by hi nn affected modesty and humble pretensions, he soon became recognised and acknowledged a a chsirpion and a leadtr, and his unvarying courteay , good cature and genial manners, united with an niter diiriterestednet and abnegation of elf. made him a univeiaal favorite. Duru hi legislative period Kecontinu ed his law sUidira, and removing to Spriag field, he opened an ef&c aod engaged actively ia practice. liusine flowed in upon him, and he rose rapidly to d'vticc - - - a tion in hi profession. II displayed re rr.arkalle ability at in adrocitein jury triala. and many t-f hia law argumenta wer mitter irret of lojical reaaoniag. There wii cu rented ratiücialitjr ia hi fareatte e ff M They all bore the stamp of mascu line common eute ; aad he had a natural easy moJc of illuttratian, taal made the aUti ire subjects appear plain. Hit toe cess al the bar, however, did net withdraw hia s ttea tion frin politic. Far many sears he wat the "wheel horse" of the whig psrty of Illinois, and was oo the elec toral ticket in several Presidential cat paiga. At auch iiaea he canvassed the State with hi usual vigor acd ability, tie was an ardent friend of Henry Clay, ind eitrted himself panful! in his be half in I est. Uavereiar; th entire Slate if lllirou, aoJ iddressisf public metiisgt dailj uetil near the ehe ef the campaign, when becorxiug convinced that hit labors . ti . -l in thai ntid wowtj i unavailing, n erws.ed over into laJisaa, tad coctiaued his efforts up U the day of elcclioa. Tke contest of that year ia Illinois wa mainly en the tariff qceetioo. Mr. Lincoln, aa the Whig tide, and Jela CtlLocn, the Democratic tide, were the heads cf tkt op posing elector isl ticket. CtJhouo, lata ef Nebraska, aaw dead, was ilea ia the full vigor of hs puwsrs, and was acfonoteJ HONEST OLD ABE. the ablest debater of his party. They alumped the Slate together, or nearly ao, making areecbea usually on alternate daya at each place, and each addressing largt audiences at great length, aocietimea four hours together. Mr. Lincoln, in these elaborate aptrcbes, evinced a thorough mattery of the principles of political economy which underlie the tariff question, and presented arguments to favor of the protective policy with a poTer and con clutiTenett rarely equaled, and at the atme time iu a manner so lucid and familiar and so well interspersed with happy illus trations and apposite anecdotes, as to es tablish a reputation which he hat never since failed to maintain. a the ablett leader in the Whig and Republican ranks in the great West. In 1&4G he wat elected to Congre, and served out hit term, and ruul l have been re elected had he not declined to be a ean didate. He steadily and earnestly opposed the annexation of TcxAt.ar.d labored with all hi power io feliif of the Wilmot Proviso. Iu the National Convention of IP4?,of which h was a member, he ad- vocated the nomination of General Taylor, and auatained the nomination by an active canvass in Illinois and In diana, j From 1&4!) to IM4 Mr. Line!, wa en j tQ M WM affeCleJ Tfa ipttkef Jn. gaged a.Mduouly in the practice of bis ,ivuJ fctrenuou.ly uK.n h!a right to reume profesiion, and being deeply immersed in , in tte evening, but we believe the aecond business, was beginning to lone his inter- ,,arl 0f thai peech has not been delivered est in jKjhtics, when the scheming ambi- , lo tLia day. After the Springfield passage tinn and groveling selßahnes of in un-j the two speaker went to Peoria and tried scrupuloua aspirant to the Presideuey j it again wilh identically the tame reaulta brought about the repeal of the Missouri , A friend who listened to the Peoria debate Compromise. That act of b..enea and j informed ua that after Lincoln had finish, perfidy aroused the sleeping liou. and he j ed, Douglas, "hadn't much to aay'" prepvtd for new effort. He threw him ' which we presume to have been Mr. Doug. self at. enceiuto the contest that folio ed. and fought the battle of freedom on the ground of his former couflict in Illinois kept out or hia way during the remainder with more than hi accustomed energy and 0f ihe campaigo. zeal. Those who recllecl the trerurndou Duf.ntf . Mr battle fought in Illnoi that Lincoln pressed the alavery ittue upon the ta Abraham Lincoln Lilly three fourihs f ; rkoplc of Central and Southern lllinoia, the ability and unwearing labor which re- who were largely made up of the emigra tolled in the mighty victory which gave i tion frprn Kentucky, Tennessee, Virgiaia Illinois her first Republican Legislature, j an-j North Carolina, with all the towers of and placed Ljmaa Trumbull in the Senate of the United States. The first and great est debate of that year came off between Lincoln and Douglas at Spriuqfield, during Ihe progreH of the State Fair, in October, We remember the event a v vidlv as though it transDire.1 veaterdav. and in o - -- , . view of the mominenee now riven to the chief actor in that exciting event, it canuot fail to be interesting ta all. The affair came off on the fourth day of Oktober, 1651. The State Fair lad been io progress two days, and the capilal was full of all manner of men. The Nebraska bill bad been passed on the previous twenty-second of May. Mr. Douglas had returned to Illinois to meet aa outraged constituency. He had made a fragmentary speech in Chicago, the people filling up each hiatus in a peculiar and good humor ed way . He called the people a mob they called him a rowdy. The mob" had the bst of it, both ih.n and al the election which aucce.'ded The notoriety of all these events had stirred tip the politics of the State from bottom to top. Hundreds of politicians had met at Springfield ex pecting a tournament of an unusual charac ter Douglas, Dreese, Koerner, Lincoln, Trumbull, Mattesou, Yates, Codding, John Calhoun, (of the order of the Candle Box) John M. Palmer, the whole house of the McConnells, Singleton, (known to fame in the Mormon War,) Tho. L. Harris, and a host of others. Several speeches were made before, and several after, the paago between Lincoln and Douglas, but that waa justly held to be the event of the season. We do not remember whether a chal lenge lo debate passed between the friends of the speakers or uot, but there was a perfectly amicable understanding be tweeu Lincoln acd Douglas, that the former should speak two or three lours and the latter reply in just as little or as much time as he chose. Mr. Lincoln took the stand at two o'clock a large crowd in at tendance, and Mr. Doughs seated or a small platform ia front of the desk. The first half lour of Mr Lincoln's speech w as taken up with compliments to hia diatio guisbed friend Judge Douglas, and dry al- luaions to the political event of the past few years. His distinguished friend Judge Douglaa had taken hia eat, a solemn aa the Cock-Lane ghost, evidently with the design of not moving a muscle till it came his turn to speak. Thelaughter provoked by Lincoln's exordium, however, soon be gan to raake him uneasy ; and when Mr. L. arrived at hi (Douglas') speech pronounc ing the Missouri Compromise " a sacred thing which no ruthless hand would ever te reckless tnough to disturb," he opened his lips far enough to remark, " A first rsle speech I" This was the beginning of an amusing colloquy. 2Yes," continued Lincoln, "so affection- ate wa my friend' regard for this compro mite line, that when Text was admitted into the Union, and it wa found that a atrip extended north of 3b deg. 30 mia , he actually introduced a bill extending the line prohibiting slavery in the northern edge of the new State." "And you voted against the bill." said Douglas. "Precisely so." replied Lincoln; "I waa in favor of running th line great 4 ml Urtier See1." "Abutlhi lime,' the speaker continued , "my distinguished friend introduced me to m particular frieod of his, one David Wilmol' of Pennsylvania." Laughter "I thought," said Doaglas, "you would find him congenial company." "So I did," replied Lincolo. "I had the pleasure cf voting for his proviso, in oce way snd another about forty times. It was a Peatecre'C measure theo, I believe At any rale Gen. Cass scolded Honest John Dtvisnf Massachusetts toundlf fortalkirg away the last hour of the rson so lh h (Cas) couldn't crowd it thrpui(ti A propos of (!en. Cats: if I am not greatly mil taken he ha a prior claim to my disiin guished friend, to the lull.ofshtp of Popu la, Sovereignty. The old t ietera ha an infirmity for wruicg letters. Shortly after the tecUing be gsv John Davis, he wrote this Nicholson letter Douglas (..leronlj; "(iod Almighty placed ii an oo ihe earth, and told him to choose between good and evil. Thai was the origin of ihe Nebratka bill !" Lincoln "WelS, the priority of invmiioo being settled, let til award all credit to Judge lugtaa for teiug the first lo d!.cov. er it.- It would be impossible, iu the limits to give an iiea of the a'.rength of Mr. Lie. Coin's arg-u taeut. Wdead it by far lb ablest effort af tie campaign. fria what ever source. Th occasion waa a jcrval one. ao l ibiipesktr wuctrrywiy tqual ta it. The effect produced on the listener waa ttajeetic. üone aiy wat prrtthtt will ever forget lh pwr and sehemeoc j of the following paiitge: Uy dittin guished friend aaya it ia aa iesall to the emigrants, to Kantaa and Ne braska to sup pes they are not ab! t gv- ern themselves. We mutt not slur over an argument of this kind because it happna to tickle the ear. It mutt be met and an- awared. I admit that the emigrant to Kantaa and Nebraska it competent to gov ern kimstlf, but," the speaker riaiog to his full height, "I afeny ki$ ri$ht fe yerrra ay iAer aersea, witnoir that raatos'a cox sot." The applause which followed thia triumphant refutation of a cunning false hood, waa but an earnest of tkc victory at the polls which followed jail one month from that day. When Mr. Lincoln had concluded, Mr. Douglas strode hastily to the !snd. As uual he employed ten loioutea in telling how grossly he bad been abused. Recol lecting himself, he added, "though in a courteous manner" abused in a perfectly courteous manner I He then devoted half aa hour to ahowii.g that it waa ioditpenaa bly neceary to Califoraia emigrant. Santa Fe traders and other, to have or ganic acta provided for the Territories of Kaosaa and Nebraska thai J being precise ly the Point which licboJv ditnutod Har ..lU;4. . . .. . j faction, Mr. Douglaa launched forth into an i aruuict wholly apart from the position ! taken by Mr. Lincoln. He lad about half r.'niK.! t i - j: U' view of the case also, for the reason ' that he ran away from his antagonist and! i his mind. He felt the force of the moral w causes that must influence the question, and he never failed to appeal to the moral sentiment of the people in aid of the argu j raeol drtwn from roiillCai ourcet, and to mi 1 ... i ,lnnm . r-.. . ; iiwui ... wu civiiucnir. uicauiuir 101 SUV L - u,, .r a' i...T- rept the Stale. For the firtt time a majority of the Legislature of Illinois was opposed to the Democratic administration of the Federal Government. A United Statea Senator was to be elected iu place of General Shields who had yielded lo the influence of hia lesa scrupulous colleage, and, against his own better judgment, had voted for the Kansas-Nebraska act. The election came on, and a number of ballots were taken, the almost united opposition voting steadily for Lincoln, but the anti-Nebraska Demo crats for Trumbull. Mr. Lincoln became apprehensive that those men who had been elected as Democrats, though opposed to Judge Douglaa, wculd turn upon some third candidate, of less decided convictions than Judge Trumbull, and possibly elect a Senalor.who had little or nothing in com mon with the then inchoate Republican party. To prevent auch a consummation he went personally to his fritnds.and by strong persuasion, induced them to vote for Trumbull. He thus secured, by ao act of generous self sacrifice, a triumph for the cause of right, and an advocate of it on the floor of theSeoate, uot inferior, in earnea zeal for the principles of Republicanism, to any member of that body. Some of his friends on the floor of the Legislature wept like children when con strained by Mr. Lincoln's personal appeals to desert him and unite on Trumbull. It is proper to aay in this connection, that be twecu Trubmbull and Lincoln the moat cordial relations have alwaya existed, and that the feeling of envy or rivalry ii not to be found in the breast of either. From lis thorough conviction of the growing magnitude of the alave question and of the need of a strong effort to pre serve the Territories to freedom, Mr. Lincoln was among the first to join in the formation of the Republican party .although the public opinion around bin was strongly adverse to that movement. He exerted himself for the organization of the Republican forces in Illiooia, and attended the first Republican Convention held in the Slate. Thi was in Rlojmioglon io May, ISoG His speech in that Convention wat of surpriting power and eloquence, and produced great effect. In the coatett of that jear, Mr. Lincoln was at the head of the Illinois electoral ticket, and labored earnestly, though vainly, to wrest that State from the grasp of pro slavery De mocracy, with the " walking rcajsrine of mischief," as Douglas las been appro ' priately called, alJls head. j We need not refer to theGreat Campaign ! of 18o?, net fresh io the recollection of all ' reaJers, farther than lo subpin the result of the vote on members of the Legislature, to wit : For Aaaaua 4 Lixolx 125,275 For Siirna A. Dcls I'Jl.lSO By reason, howevj r, of ihi fligrant ap porlionroenl of the Slate in Legislative districts, by which a majority cf the mem ben are always elected by a minority of the people, Mr. Douglas was, a is well known, returned to the Senate. In private life he is literally uuinpeac li able. Among all who know him hia most acceptable acd at the same lime appropri ate loiitritfiirf, i that by which he it most widely known : " HONEST OLD ABE." At rarit. i-i .I- . . nrn inc iraia am reu at ran on train arrived Saturday .bringing home the delegates who had attended the Chiraavi CVins-entian it ! . . i . t. , wa met at the depot be a larce concourse t mm of people, headed by a band, with banners flying in the breece and triumphant about fillinv lh air WKn i Y.m n r. i moved off b the village we noticed one large man, eary ing apon hit shoulders a Isrge maul another had a rail split at the top and ia which tack an axe another carried a rail aad on the further end was fastened a large wedge. Here wa the axe the wedge and the maul, the inopllraente by which rsil are made all symbolical of tke time when Abraham mad rail. It did seem to us tbat the tiroes had really come when in Abraham should all the people be bleated." tjl'lTB a MiTaa. The Journal aaya the enthusiasm over Lincoln's tominitioo las about subdued. Thia ia qii a mistake. it t . . i.V. a. fr.1t I.AlI..lilin t.t iV A ll.Hl t , . . , . ... . f all patriotic, peopt. and to. ay l,f. long Democrati ipreit their inteiliot to f eta ;. lor noaess aia an msci. i dc ct- thulium for thai ticket will never die, anlil th last vote ia polled, and the ia- Ulligetict ceibea up with shouting and re- jouii.g that ll stavery extending. pt ofllc rolling, disuaiuo Democracy ia hurled from power, aad ta hwaeai yscnaa .1 1 1 K . a '. ias..oursted rhisf f this j... u.iuui, ----a -"irrrtiBj, iv, ' estiüb. .importaric I'or the Kxpreit. EtcartUnto Ksattstllle. The Excurioa to Evantville, last Fri day, by the papil and Faculty of tb Terre Haute Female College proved satis factory and pleasurable in the highest de greethe tide, the aigbt seeing, but most especially thertcrptiou ard entertainment. The company occupied three cart, and com pletely filled them. The day itself was all that could have been desired; cool, with flying clouJ, and not a particle of oust. At Evatsville which it UBualljr troubled with dusty streets, and baa been unusually ao far the patt six weeks, a copious and refreabiog rain had been tent the night previous to our arrival, in mercy to all, and nature, as well as art, was bright and joyous. Tke road, as every one who has ever travelled over it knows and aya,t one of the very best in the land, smooth, atraight, safe and sure, and rapid enough for the moot hasty; managed by it President and Superintendent, John Ingle, Esq., and other ofiicers, tu auch a way a to be above the reach of accident, lccoropanied by the President and that gentlemanly con ductor, Mr. Voorhees, who is alwavt the right man io the right place, we took our flight of IOC teilet in 4:1), and alighted in the wide awske city of Etansvitle at hal pat ten. Rut we arrived, mind yu, uuder a con voy. At Ingle's station, leu mils this side of EvansviMe. we were tu-t by a com roittee of about twenty ladies and gentle men; who, with a politeutst true to the nolle nature ef every one of them, baJe u strangers but soon atrangtrs no longer welcome to the hospitalities of their city. This was a plea ort greater than we had I I ..... I r . . . . ' . Vl h' ''"d ' j itiuaiv, iiiiiuvi iu uvur ill our iaii, SUICU ' . 1 . wiiu in. cooumiM conducted ua iu a proceasiou dowu Main Urtet to the broad Ohio River, where we were gratified by the tight of several magnifirent steamer, we passed tip River Hr.et to Oak tritt, thence to Third, and dowu Third toalarg room where everylhin; was in readine!$ for the accommodation of our parts. Belog there rtftfthed by the grateful supply of cold water, we proceeded to the pacioua and lofty Hall, where numerous ladies and geallemeo, citizens of Evan :i 1 . 1 1 ... .euy assemojed. an.l wi,e.e ! the UU ,oJ ß'nrsity of our t.etr found 1 f:. 1. 1- 1 1 I fr,MlU Were groaning table, all bloomiug with flowers, yea, and luxuraat too, with substantial fruits which -t m .... tne lour quarter ol the globe had con- tributed to mature ! all arranged bv deli- .l. s. :..t.... , v "'.of-i wee oi pro- priety and elegance Then Mayor Raker ascended ihe plat form, and bade us all welcome, aa cuest and citizens from Terre Haute in a n,ot happy and eloqueut manner proffered also the hospitalities of their own horara at well .. i ,;. i. ,, . ,, . as of tins hall, to all who could remain to share them. To this generous invitation it was impassible not to reply. An answer was bursting from every heart, and found utterance at length in a few appropriate words from the President yre tern, of the College, who after stating that our usual avocation was digging and dtlviug for the Liddeu treasures of knowledge, re marked, " we are now indulging in a day of relaxation from those dry pursuits which make us kuow emphatically that there is no royal road to learning, yet the experiences o this day have taught u there is at least a royal road to Evansville, managed by a royal head, aided by rojal hearts and hands, and we have al its end met with a most rev recevtim! And m at your honored sir, and these who thus bos- ... ,, . pitably receive us. ever experience the richest of Heaven's blessings. Then after er a blessing sought of Heaven r, r.,.i M . . Mr. Catch, the repast aerved by the Rev a .a t St a by the fairest and most gallant of the youth the ladiet and gentlemen of Evansville gave all the satisfaction which lam, tongue, sardine,, cake nameless and ,, . . ... . . conntless, lucious strawberries aod ice cream, could impart to hungry mortals. After these refreshments, walk and I . , , rides abou t the city, on the river, aod call by little parties at the houses of some of our noble eutertainert, and visits to the school and churehee, were in order and enjoyed too, in company with our holla ; and at 4 o'clock P. M v, took leave, e- corted ten milfa by our friends now lo longer stranger and at half past eight : 1 ..1 . . alacritv. but owin to the almost utter im - possibility of ottaining water, worked at a great diasd vantage, end not until after mach trouble could they obtain sufflcictt water to do efficient service. That thi fire ws the work of incendi aries there it not the shsdow of a doubt, as at 10 o'clock Mr. Oilman passed by hi shop, noticing that every thing was secure, and at 11 o'clock he was aroused to find the shop completely enveloped in flames. ! Thequestiou now reinaioa what shall he done? Will the citizens remain aecure, until each in hi turn i driven from hi I bed by devouriog flames? We sugesi ' . ' vigilenc committee to clesr the city ef all suspicious characters. There teems ta be no protection from Ihe power that ezist against these fiends that are weekly lighting up the fire of the in cendiary aod endangering the live aod destroying lh property of our citizen. Since writing the above we learn that a young sran named John While has been I arretted, oo bis own confession, for laving set fire lo the cooper shop, giving as a reason for the act that hehaJ a "spite" against Oilman. tT Ourfrieud Dawaon of the Ft. Wayne Times, we are glad to e-e, hat the follow. ! ing ticket flying at Ihe mast head of lit , j,. 1 I roaraavuixT, OLD ARK LINCOLN, cr Inisoi. He who splits rails and mull Democrati YY have met the eueroy and they are oars. UaasiaH HareBLicava. The mro Uri of ( lie German Repnblican Club are rrquetted u ael at Sl.CharUallall this WavJaesvday I . t - r... il . Ii.i..rliii f f S....I..... r.e aiiguieu or.ee more in me gooiiy city ol ami i;r; an. wr call upon Cui.res (, TerreHaute. , take prompt and flirient rn-ssur f..r i h Altogether the citizens of Evansville by I !f 'J in,,, ,in,rr"ion üf 't ra J b!e irafliC. this act of friendly hospitality extraordi- j 1 That in th r.-c. nt vei n s, by ,h, ,r oary.have made u, Mr. Editor, hopelessly j Fe Jeral (ineernon, of ihe sets of 'the Ii. insolvent. unle they will oome hither ! ,:ur'"" ,)f Kn and Nebraska, prohibit and allow ut to attempt to do likewise frlrlniUrr Tv"onr' Wfli,,,l ; a practical illuiitrrlion of the boasted Dent- cratic principle of Nun Intervention and Axt SntL AKoTnia Again on Saturday Popalar Sovereignty embodied m the Kan night about 1 1 o'clock, were our citixen j Nehrskat bill, and a demonstration of .ii i . i. .i i . t .i i- the deception and fraud involved therein called out by the alarm of another incendi- T,V, , . , ; . , l"'r'"- c . tfi. ij 11 hat Kan. as should, of n'Lt. b no ary fire, being the fourth of the kind during mediately admitted a a State under the the month. The Gre on Saturday night ; Constitution recer.tly f .rrned anlabp!ed was on South Third street, by which ihe ! hjrr l'eor1'' 1 rcepiel by th 1!,,,,. . ... . , , , ; of Representatives. dwelliog house and cooper shop of Mr.1 t. i ;, , I,. 1 hat, whii- providing rereo.je for Icabod Oilman were entirely consumed, to- , the support of the (General (iovernno-nt. bj getber with a large quantity of staves, duties upon import, souod rxdiey rt-quire. i- ii . , r, , , sjch an adjustment of thesu imnortt as l. heading and hoop polea. Mr . (5 ilmsn loss ,i i t . , 1 . .,, , ÄO,wlfl . .0'm roroiragu the development of the industn w,ll not be less than f.2W0 to $503, on h intere,; of the w hole country ; and sr.- which there s an insurance of $300. j commend, that policy of nations! eir. hang, . The fire raed roost fiercely, lighting up i which aecare to the workiug m-n libsrrat ,i it .it I ii- - 1 wajfe. to agriculture remunerating' priCfs. the whole niShlorhoo.l and placmj m ; to rnc:hani, aud miLufacturers an ..k emminent danger earroundlog buildmga. I quale reward for their skill, laW. and en The firemen were on hand with their usual UfrPr'" and to the nation commercial i a a a 23 We give blow a correct copy of tLe Republican Platform recently adapted at Chicigo. It is comet as compared with one of the copies reported by the Commit tee to the Convention. Those ofo jr readers ho desire preferring one, lad belter lay ihisone asi le. At this tur.e sro I i. .. -w w. mm v ' M t to say that ittmit our hearty approla'.iun in avery single, part ienlr. Had tLe power, vm ould not change the da of an I or the etvss of a T. U reflects in etery particular ihr Repnhlion a r.tirrt u t.f ih. country aud we hare Uu doubt will .. with the tatiie favor of Kt puHicans rn rr where." ruTroa. RetolrrJ, That we. U, delegated rerne eoutife. of the Republican electors t!f the United States, iu Contention ar,. b.eni. iu diM-hAreof the JutT w. owe to our conMttumts Rj our country. unitc , the following declarator 1. That the history of the Nation durir. he latt four yesrs h. fullv established the propriety ai d r:cce.,ty of the orCati zation and perpetustion of the Republican party, and that the caus which called it tnt exiater.ee are permsnert in their nature and now, more than erer Ur.,rp dervir j lliorftfu! ,5,1 "itutiot.al trinmnl. That the tnaiut,-.,ance ol the prmri f sllie chnLu Of Independence and en.bodied in the Fed- erat Cou,t,u,on-..That al! ,en arcrr- Crfe.CTJw I,' 11 lLe5 tU nd" V I'" Creator with certs,,, if:al,tlJlble r.cU. thataau,,,Mhe.e ., U,.Unr and ll pursuit of lepp.or.,; that lo nrelle.e "ghts Koverun.e..ia are inMituted a,uonr convent i-f the ,Mrrncd'!-is essential to hepreetsat.on f our republican in.til , L'l ?' r Cnion of i t . "J VI,liI pri-errt-d. 3. That to ihe l'ni t,f ihe State thi nation owes . IN vi..p,.rrdenie. iccreasi ir, popu al,on;,t fcur, n,( ,,e.lopment of materia ,eourcer,j, ra, ,d aug,, ent.tio,. of wealth, its i happig al uiW mJ . honor abroad, a,H we hold in abhorrence, all eherne for disunion, come from what ever source tluy may; and we congratulate he country that ,., RepubLcan roeuiber ul Longresa ban uttered or cioiitenaiiced the threats of Disunion o ofn made br Dom ocratic memU-is wiU.ul n-bule and wiih appltu-e fron th,tr political avsocittes; and we Jrnoutx t thoethreatof disunion in to yopMir ovt ririnT r th-ir as- j cendancr. s denyinj the vital principle ; of a free tovt ri.rueia. :u d us an avowal of coiite,opuu-. irmvn, winch it i the iui petative duty ol" an m li-nart people lernlv to .-ebuke n. bm-r silence 4. 1 hat the maintenance :nviola!e of h ribl- ol w Stale-., au4 r-pecaitv th. right of ech Stale, lo order ar.d Control its own don,eti.' invtitntions hec i dirt: toils own adg-i.ei.ii hIuvjHv i -sr,iialto that balance of .er oo vi ,ch the perfection aud endurance of eur oülicnl fabric de pendsjand ne de, ,. ui.ee the law less iura moo by an armed force of the s.m! ,f , v I ers ' iate or lerntor. no matter under w hai ------ j ' ',rt'e!L1, mo:'' '-he i;ratet of crime.. t a Tl t I I, . ... . . 1 ! :- That the pre-ent l,10l-ra;i. d j.tration has f-r . Tr....t..t uiiii hentionn in it iiieasutvtrs subervtenrv io theexartious of a sectional iuteret as ept cially evinced in ,t ,trlrte exertion f o fiirr f 1 1 1 a ltif.rii.-tii T ... . : lion on the prnfe.ti.-j pe p!e of Kansas; in construing the personal relation betwe-n ! u?r a,lJ rvant to involve an unquali bed preperty in persons; iu ilt attempted j enf.rcen.ent. every where, on land and VeV. j through ihe intervention of Congre-a and of 'rJ,r' Courts, of ihe extreme pre tention of a purely local interest; and in its gtueral and unvarying abuse of Ihe power entrusted to it by a confiding peo ple. G That the people justly view with alarm the rec kless extra agance which per vadea ev.ry department of the Federal (Irtverntnent; that a return to ri'id com ray and accountability ts indi.nab'.e to arrest the ystematic plunder of the public treasury bv favored partisans; while the reeen". startling development of frauds an.l corruption at the Federal metropolis show that an entire change of administration i imperatively demanded. 7. That the ucw dotna that the Coieti tution, ..f iu own force, cantos tdavety in to aoy or all of the Territories of iL- ted States, is a dangeroj pjlitical here-v t i . . - - ve ' !" vr'nf' w,Ul th explicit provision, of mat instrument r.e r, with eolemporan. j ous exposition, and w.Ji lesUtite ao l j j-i licial preced, ni; is re vol ui Too are ia it I enuncy, and u-jverive of thj peace an 1 ' harmony of the couriiry. k Tb, i .. ... u-fi itiai a. v t j v i Jg All l lit territory of the United Stale- i that of j Freedom. That at our Republican fatheta, ! v,lrn th"' ,,a1 bjlished slavery i all our j TT1Tl1 C't w' I'T I 'l0,, ,jOU,d b deprivcj of life, hbrrtr o, ; property, without due process, ol law " i; becomes our duty, by legislatr'on, whene. r ! '"cn ,rK'?,ai,on ,y,'""y. uaintai.. , ..... i .u....v.. . . ( v'niiiiiiitfcii ' irr"! 1 attempt lo vioV:- it- k,i i Llil l il ll l l I i I ll itl I l il l iin.Ttfit . j the authority of Congrr i - - - ma u a the autliority of Congre-, of a Tentorial Les;kiaiurc, nr or any individuals, to ;ive lejjal t-xistenctf to slavery in ro.y T. rntjr of the United Slate. 9. That we braud therrfint n ijm nn.g i f the Aric an slave trade, unl-r iti cov r l our national lla, aii.'ed by perver-i iti of judicial power, as a crime againt human -itv. and a Imiihih arn ! ,r .t . .. ' ! I speruy anu in lepeaüence. 12 That we protect against anv sale or alienation to other of the Public Lands held by actual settlers, and against anv view ot the Free :iome;el policy which regards the icttlers at pauper oriuppli- aut for public bounty; and we demand th passage by Conres of the corople an t s.titfactory Homestead measure which has aires iv pasaed the House. 1 1. that the Republican parly i ,pj,(, cd to ay change in our naiuralizstroii tawa, or sny Stsie legislation by which the tights of citiz nthip, hi'hr.o accorded to innuranis from fo;ei; n lands hall be abri i.l or impaired; aba im fi,r of giving a full aod etlictent prou-ction to the right of all c nri o cillc-n, wheth er native or natu lied. bth at home anil abroad. 15. That appropriations by Conrrs for River and Harbor improvement i lional character, required for the aecorum. datioa and security f an eiiiijn c n merce, are authorized by the Const union . snd justified by ihe obligation of the Gov ernment to protect the lives aud property of its citizens. 1C. That a railrotd U the Pacific 0.-e-(, is imperatively demanded by the interests ofthe whole country; that the Federal Government ought to render irarued.ale aod efficient aid in it construction, and that a preliminary theieto, a daily over land mail should be prompily established. 17. Finally, having thu set forth our distinctive principle and view, we invile the cjoperatioii of all ciiiiens, however UifTeriujc cn other queliou. who tubvUa- tiatly a,;ree with us ia Dieir atlirmance an I support. PraD.xAL. lie numerous frieoJi of Dr. Clippenger will b pleased to lern of hia telurn home, in improved health, and with a rich fund of reminiscence of the iuterlo. calities aroun J Wrshinglon Cily and Ml. Ytrnon. S.JOA Hirr' unrivalled ao.la is dailr quenching the thir, of multitude. Their fount I kepi iu aWaott unceatinjr