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Sunday Washington globe. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1901-????, June 15, 1902, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016353/1902-06-15/ed-1/seq-6/

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SUNDAY MORNING GLQ GLOBE BE WASHINGTON D C +
COSTY GARDENS A HOBBY HOBBYMANY HOBBYMANY
MANY BRITISH COUNTRY SEATS SEATSNOTED SEATSNOTED
NOTED FOR FLOWERS FLOWERSThe FLOWERSThe
The Amount of Money That Is Spent SpentEach SpentEach
Each Year In Keeping of the Cut Cuiture Cutture
ture of Fruits and Floral Plants II III IsAstounding
I Astounding AstoundingTh AstoundingThR
ThR Th sum ot money annually spent spenton spenton
on th thb maintenance or gardens In InEngla inEngla
Engla s staggering staggeringor
or cmJse cse It will be understood that thatptrt thatpert
pert of this expenditure II remunern remunerntIethat remuneratinethat
tIethat Is to say there Is some reo reoturn re return
turn In the crops provided for home homeuse homeuse
use but this Is after all only a small smallproportion smallproportion
proportion of the whole and In thecase the thecase
case of many gardens where hothouse hothousefruits hothousefruits
fruits for example are grown It Is Iswell iswell
well rocognlaed that the owner could couldmore couldmore
more more cheaply purchase his supplies at atmarket atmarket
market so that I tJ may be fairly stated statedthat statedthat
that the bulk of the vast sum mop
tloned below Is is spent In ministering ministeringto
to the th pleasure of well to do people peoplThere peopleThere
There are In England Scotland and andWales andWales
Wales no fewer than 10000 places dig dignlfied dignifled
nlfied with the title of country seats sentsThese seatsThese
These are not small houses but the therosldenNS theresidences
residences of noblemen and gentlemen gentlemenmllJ1Y gentlemenmany
many of whom I keep < eep large stairs of ofgardeners ofgardeners
gardeners and laborers It would be benlow bea
nlow a low estimate to place the average avert1gecost averagecost
cost of labor and cottage accomnloda accomnlodatlon accommodaLion
Lion at each of tbesa thes seats at 25 a aweakor aweakor
weakor say 13150 a year This Thisalone Thisalone
alone will amount to n sum or 1200
000 000The
The upkeep of the garden the re repair repair
pair of glas glass houl houses the purchase of ofmanu ofmanures
manu manures seeds and plants would at a avery 1 1very
very moderate estimate run to 600 a ayear ayear
year The figure might be placed placedmuch placedmuch
much higher but at 1100 a rear an anoUter another
oUter 1000000 I Is put together This Thisdoes Tl1sdoes
does not Include capital expenditure expenditurewhich expenditurewhich
which 18 some pMenl Is very large IllrgtIn largeIn >
In some gardens forty fir fifty or more moregkul moreglass
glass houses may be found and omit omittlng omitting
ting the COlt of labor and of the gar gardens getdens
dens occupied the actual mone money ex exndlt1ra expendttura
pendttura ndlt1ra II very large In the ten tenthosand tenthousand
thousand oountry seats are not Includ Included ineluded
ed the numerous suburban houses ot otsome ofsome
some pretensions which encircle aU aUthe altthe
the lerge arge towns at each of which a aI agardener
I gardener Is employed with more or orleu ort
t lose regularity and nothingII nothing Is allowed allowetlfor allowedfor
for the expenditure of that vast army armyof armyof
of followers of the art which III nature na nature
ture who do the work for themselves themselvesIf t tIt
It aU Ulll these sums are put together the thetotal I Itotal
total spent by those who keep gar IDrdena gardens
dens large and small would not be befound befound
found less than 10000000 annually annuallyWhich annuallyWhich
Which Is the most expensive garden prdenIn
In England It Is not an easy qu qutlon ques question
tlon to answer One instinctively turns turnsto turnsto
to Chahworth whose fame Is world worldwide worldride
wide to the magnificent grounds or orTrentham ofTrentham
Trentham Hall owned by the Duke ot ofSutherland otSuthtrland
Sutherland to the Marquis of Butes Butesgarden3 Butesgardens
gardens at Cardiff Castle where open openair openair
air grape growing bas achieved some IOmelIucceH somesuccess
success after costly experiments or to tothe tothe
the netg nMgkhorlag lJorlDg seat eat of Lord Llaqat Llaqatteek Liangettoek
teek atWonmouth But If l instead of ofexpeJUtve ofexpenslve
expenslve expeJUtve garden we were to dealwith deal dealwith
with the mOlt expensive group of ofgardeu ofgardens
gardens one would turn away from tromall fromall
all ot these the e and look toward the Buck BuckInghamshlre Buckinghamshmre
Inghamshlre home of the Rothschild RothschildIn RothechtldsIn
In a circle ot a few mlle miles around Mento Mentomor Mentmorethe
morethe mor the lOvely home ot the versatile versatileformer versatileformer
former Premier Lord Rosebery will willbe wl11be
be found some ot the most magnl magnificent magnificentgardens c nt ntg
g gardens rdens In the klngtoom managed by bylarge bylarge
large staffs of men and carried on onwith onwith
with n disregard for money which isnot Is Isnot
not surprising when the ne owners are areRothschllds areRothechilds
Rothschllds It Is a fortunate thingfor thing thingfor
for the horticultural trade and for forrardinlng forgardening
gardening In general that nearly e eery ev evcry
cry member or this famous familY bas basan hasan
an Intense love of flowers and It Is an anopen anopen
open secret that no city rivalry could couldb couldbe
be b keener than that which has swayed swayedthe swayedthe
the Rothschllds In their country countryhom
i homes hom each endeavoring to produce producebetter producebetter
better results than the other or Indeed In Indeed
deed than any one el else e ha has attained attainedWu attainedWas
Wu tnr there a striking group of hardy hardyplanta hardys
s plants seen at a London show Immediately Im Immediately
mediately steps would be taken to get geta geta
a better one by the law Baron Ferdl Ferdlnand Ferdinand
nand who during his lifetime was askeen as askeea
keen a gardener as any any of his rela relatlves relertlvee
tlves Are there ther any magnifIcent rOMS rOMSexhIbited rosesexhibited
exhIbited 1fr LeoJOld de Rothschild Rothschilddoes Rothschilddoes
does not hesitate to lend his capable capeblerOMpower capablerosegrower
rOMpower any distance to He the tbegarden thegarden
garden where they were produced Inorder In Inorder
order to learn how to go one better betterAre hettelAre
Are there new and spendld orchids orchidsImpor orchidsimported
imported Impor No one so ready to buythem buy buyth
them th m as Lord Rothschild at whose whosebfatttlful whosebeahttful
bfatttlful home at Trlng Park there Is Isn isa
n magnificent collection Lately lIr MrLeopold lIrLeopold
Leopold de Rothschild hal been In Inter8ted interested
ter8ted In carnations and a large largehouse largehouse
house has been built specially for theseR these thesefIowers
R flowers alone It the large sums givenfor given giventor
for rare and new orchlds500 for a aplant aplant
plant being by no means an outof outofft outoftheway
t theway priceIs borne In mind and andthe andthe
the COlt or keeping Is made the main maintest maintest
test It Is probable that Lord Roths Rothechilds Rothschilds
childs garden and grounds at t Trlng Trlngwould Tringwould
would come first as the mOlt expensive penslve penslveIp
1 Ip England The ex expense penile of the main maintenance maintenance
tenance ot such a a place II enormous enormousThere enormOlJsThere
There are about forty of fifty gar gardenerl garc
c denerl and laborers constantly em emu
u played and their Wag wages alone wouldranks Would
make a a tolerable Income for a city citymanlet citymanlet
manlet us MY 121100 a year Then Thenthere Thenthere
there are the repairs or houses and andtheir andtheir
their modification furnaces to be sup suppll supplied
pll plied d with coal water whleh must be bebrought bel
l brought In ample quantities whenever wlteneversto wheneverstete
stete sto Ie culture Is attempted and Is need needed needed
ed In all parts of the garden and andseeds andseeds
seeds to be purchased to say nothing nothingof
of plants In regard to plants any anytrultworthy anytrustworthy
trustworthy estimate Is impossible Impoealblefor impossiblefor
for the price may vary from a few fewpence fewi
i pence to hundreds of pounds Walls Wallshave Wallshave
have to built for fruit growing nets netsbought netsbought
bought to protect the tender buds In Inspring Inspring
spring and to keep off the birds from fromnewly fromnewly
newly sown ground etc and the tools toolsand toolsand
and the hundred and one Incidentals Incidentalsould incidentalswould
would ould help to swell the tou I IThe tThe
The wor1d worlda record for IIIteamshlp IIIteamshlpIs
Is fiGO miles a a day aa and for llihlng ves vessels vessole
sole 326 Dllle miles
H M S DIAMRND ROCKA ROCK ROCKA
A Famous Spot In M Martinique rUnlque Which WhlchMay WhichMay
May Also be Doomed DoomedOn
011 the southern coast of Martinique Martiniqueeparat Martiniqueseparated
separated eparat from the mainland b by a adeep 1 1deep
deep channel lies a perilous weather weatherbeaten weatherbeaten
beaten rook known to the people of ofthe ofthe
the West Indies as H M S Diamond DiamondRock DiamondRoek
Rock Whenever a British admiral admiralapproaches admiralapproaches
approaches this famous spot the en ensign ensign
sign Is dipped and the band pIa pIaRule plays playsRule
Rule Britannia The honor Is well welldrved welldeserved
deserved for Diamond Rock was aB once onceborne onceborne
borne on the books of the British nd ndmlralt admiralty
mlralt miralty as an English sloopoCwar sloopoCwarIn
In Charles Kingsleys bo bode < 1 At Last Lastthe Lastthe
the following history IB given givenIn givenIn
In the end of IS08 Sir Samuel Hood Hoodsaw Hoodsaw
saw that French ships passing to toFort toFort
Fort Royal Harbor In Martinique Martiniqueesenpe Martiniqueescaped
esenpe escaped him by running through the thedeel thedeep
deep channel between Polnte du Din Dlamante Dinmante
mante and this same rock which which rises risesshettr risessheer
sheer out of the water GOD G0b feet and Is Isabout isabout
about a mile round and Ont only acces accessible accessible
sible at a point to the leeward and andI andeven
I even then only when there Is no surf surtHe surfHe
He who lands It 18 said has then to tocreep tocreep
creep through crannies and danger dangerous dangerous
ous steeps around to the windward windwardside windwardside
side when the eye la sUddenly relle relleed reliev relieved
ed by a sloping grove of wild fig trees treesclinging treesclinging
clinging by Inumerable air roots to the thecracks thecracks
cracks of the stone stoneSo stoneSo
So Hood with that inspiration ot otgenius ofgenius
genius so common among sailors laid laidbls laidhis
his seventyfour the Centaur c close closealongside ose osealongside
alongside the Diamond made n haw hawser hawsec
ser with Q traeller on tt t fast to the theship theship
ship and to the top of the rock and In InJanuary toJanuary
January lSO 1804 got three long twenty twentyfours twentyfours
fours and two eighteens hauled up far faraboYe farabove
above his masthead by sailors who as asthey asthey
they hung like clusters appeared like likemice likemice
mice hauling a little sausage Scarce Scarcely Scarcely
ly could we hear the governor on the thetop thetop
top directing them with his trumpet trumpettbe trumpetthe
the Centaur lying cl close Under nder like n neoeoonut acocoanut
cocoanut shell to which the hawsers bawsersae hawsersare
ae affixed affixedIn affixedIn
In this strange fortress Lieut James JamesWilkie JamesWilkie
Wilkie Maurice let the name be recol recollected recollected
lected as one or Englands forgotten forgottenworthlel forgottenworthies
worthies was established with 120 120men 120men
men and boys and ammunition provi provisions provistops
stops and water for tour months and andthe andthe
the rock was borne on th the books of ofthe ofthe
the admiralty I1S His Majestys Ship ShipDiamond ShipDiamond
Diamond Rock and swept the seas seaswith seaswith
with her guns until the first of June
1505 wbe she had to surrender for torwant forwant
want or powder to a French squadron squadronof
of two seventyfours a frigate a cor corvette corvette
vette schooner a and eleven gunboats gunboatsafteor gunboatsafter
after killing and wounding some sev seventy
seventy
enty men on the rock alone and de destroying destroying
stroying two gunboats with a loss to toJ1erself toherself
J1erself herself ot two men killed and one onewounded onewounded
wounded Remembetlng which story storywho storywho
who will blame the traveler It he takescif takes takeseft
eft his hat to his majHtys quondam quondamcoryette quondamcorvette
corvette as he sees It for the first time timeIt timeits
It its I pink and yellow sides shining In Inthe inthe
the sun above the sparkling seas over overwl1lcb overwhich
which II domineered of old oldAmid oldAmid
Amid the ruin and de desolaUen olaUon of ofMartinique ofMartinique
Martinique H 11 S Diamond Reek ReeksUII Rockstill
still stands as firm as ever and per perbape perhaps
haps Its Isolation will save It from fromdestruction fromdestruction
destruction destructionCOUNTING destructionCOUNTING
COUNTING A BOYS WORDS WORDSVocablary WORDSVocabulary
Vocabulary of Children theater Than ThanWar ThanWac
War Believed BelievedMax BelievedMax
Max Muller In his Science of Lan Language Language
guage referred to Englla laborers laborerswho laborerswho
who had not more than 300 words In Intheir intheir
their vocabulary The correctness ot otthis ofthis
this statement Is disputed by the Popu Popular Popumar
mar Science Monthly M 0 and H HGale HGale
Gale of the Un Unversity verslty tf < f Minnesota Minnesotahaving lUnn sota sotahaving
having made a close study of the qUits qUitston qugsVon
ton report that all such generallza generallzatlons generalizations
tlons or estimates are misleading and andthat andthat
that the average child two and a half halfI halfyears
I years old uses In one day from six Ix to toI toeight
I eight hundred different words wordsI wordsIt
I It II not a burning question and andI andmost
I most people may not care how many manyword manywords
word I a child uses In a day but Mrs MrsOale MrsDale
Dale cUd and she made an actual taunt eountI tauntof
I of words ordl used b by a boy aDd a girl girlThe girlThe
The boy a aged ed two and a half years yearsused eluS eluSuHd
used 7111 different words In a day and andmlltle andmade
made a record for the day oC 9200 9200word 0700words
word A girl ot the same age used
60 different words In a day and mad mada madq madqa
a record or 8902 words for the day dayOf dayOf
Of the 781 words used by the boy
380 were nouns 189 verbs 83 adjec adjecUVes adjectives
UVes 42 adverbs 8 interjections 27 27prODouns 27pronouns
pronouns 21 propositions and U 1 nr nrtiel ar articles
tiel ticles and conjunctions and of all the thedifferent thedifferent
different words 64 per cent were used usedIn usedin
In the first five hours or the day The Thefull Thefull
full vocabulary or the boy was 1432 1432and 1432and
and of the girl 1308 words Neither Neitherused Neitherused
used In anyone any one day all the words at athis athis
his or her command The boy used usedhll usedhis
his own Dame 1067 times In one daywhile day daywhile
while the girl used I m me and andmy andmy
my 970 times and the word little littleil80
il80 times One boy two years old olduletl oldused
used 10 10607 07 words In one dayThe day dayThe
The deductions from th these facts factsare factsare
are that a child Is aa active with Its itstongue
tongue as with Its legs that a child childu childuses I
u uses a larger proportion or verb than thanthe thanthe
the adult that the everlasting no notakes notakes
takes precedence or the submlMlve submisetveyes submlMlveyet
yet that the child uses short words wordsbecause wordsbecause
because or their servlceabl serviceableness ness but butdaM butdoes
daM not hesitate to grapple with unit unitmodify andmodify
modify long hard words and Invents Inventsword inventswords
word on Impulse when Its needs re require toquire
quire Observation shows that a achild achild
child oC 4 or Ii does not use as many manywords manywords
words In a day as a child or 2 but butthere butthere
there Is no record ot anyone any one attempt attemptIng attempting
Ing to count the words of n bay oC 8 8who 8who
who wants to knowCblC know Cktcago go Inter InterOcean InterOcean
Ocean
A Peddlers Impudence ImpudenceA
A rug peddler ddler ot Wtbltn Kan KaneatJed Kancalled
called several times at a a house and anrtround andfound
round the people away from homo At Atlast Atlast
last be wrote rote and pinned this no note on ontlte onthe
the d slier qrt lIadam MadamKindly Klndl1 remall1at remall1athomo remain at athome
homo winorrow wmorrow forenoon I want to toBeU tosell
sell you ou a rug
w
THE MAKING OF POTTERY POTTERYCURIOUS POTTERYCURIOUS
CURIOUS METHODS USED IN INBACKWOODS INBACKWOODS
BACKWOODS JUG FACTORIES FACTORIESiThe FACTORIESThe
The OldTlme Potters Potter Wheel of the theTIme theTime
TIme of Moses May Still Be BeFound BeFound
Found In Some Parts of the Sout Soutern South Southern
ern StatesThe Firing ProcessAmong Process ProcessAmong
Among th the arts and crafts known knowno
0 man there Is probably none older olderhan olderhan
han the milking Qf pottery or some someCrt sometort
tort Crt Fragments of rude pottery are areounll arefound
found among the remains of preble prebleorlc prehisoric
orlc man everywhere and some of ofhem ofhem
hem appear to have been made by bynnchln bymachinery
machinery nnchln r other than the hands hantls110ne handsalone
alone 110neThe aloneThe
The oldtlme potters wheel oC thetime the thedme
time ot Moses may still be o found In InIlse inUse
Use In some parts or tb the Southern Southern3tatcs Southernstates
states notably In the middle couu countIs countIsof I S Sf
of > f Nol1h Carolina CarolinaTo CarolinaTo
To any one accustomed to large largemnnufaotorles largemanufactories
manufactories with special machines machhiestor machinesfor
for turning out certain articles rapidly rapidlylnd rapidlyand
and cheaply the handmade methods methodsof
of n hundred years ago would be beurlous beurious
urlous and Interesting InterestingA
A visit to one of the backwoods jugfactories jug jugractorlos
factories where the primitive pot potters pottars
tars wheel run by foot power Is still stillIn stillin
In use would suggest to the modern modernmechanic modernmechanic
mechanic that the wheel or time had hatlslipped hadslipped
slipped n cog and that that part of ofthe ofthe
the the world had gone back several con conturles centunes
tunes When n 00 boy the writer was wastold wastold
told that themoll1S1ses the molasses and vinegar vinegarlugs vinegarJugs
lugs were made by plastering a layer layeror layerof
or clay over a coIl of rope which was wnsafterward wasafterward
afterward removed by uncoiling and andwithdrawing andwithdrawing
withdrawing It through the mouth of ofthe ofthe
the jug Such a method would of ofcourse ofcourse
course be Impracticable ImpracticableThe
The jug mal matter < er at one ot these rude rudefactorles rudefactories
factories Is frequently a small farm farmere farmer
ere er who devotes his spare time to the thepottery thepottery
pottery business Using the clay from fromhis fromhis
his own farm be employs no help do doIng doing
Ing everything with his own hands handsand handsand
and cares nothing for strikes freight freightrates freightrates
rates or labor agitators The product productof
of his wheel Is sold for so much per pergallon pergallon
gallon In his Immediate vicinity or the tbecountry thecountry
country towns where be takes It for forsnle forsale
sale In his own wagon wagonUnder wagonUnder
Under a rude shed the potter sits sitsastride sitsastride
astride a rough bench while he re rethe revolves
volves the wheel with one foot To Tomake Tomake
make the seat more comfortable he heoCten heoften
often uses an old saddle to sit upon uponIn uponIn
In front of him Is a horizontal wheel wheelor wheelor
or disk of heavy boards revolving In a ashn11oY ashalloqr
shn11oY box ot wood Abe be wheel Is Iscarried Iscarried
carried on the upper end of 1m up upright upright
right shaft with a heavier wheel on ontbe onthe
the same shaft but near the ground groundThe groundThe
The lower wheel serves only to keep keepup keepup
up a steady motion Imparted to It by bythe bythe
the movement or sidewise thrust of ofhis ofhis
his foot on the swinging toot lever leverThe leverThe
The foot power Is simplicity itself ItseltThe itselfThe
The toot lever Is n stick or rod of ofwood ofwood
wood with a pivot or peg at Its outer outerend outerend
end while the end next to the operate operateor operator
or Is suspended to the bench by a apiece apiece
piece ot rope or chain A short piece pieceof pieceof
of wood connects the crank In the thevertical thevertical
vertical shaft to the foot lever and andthe andthe
the sideway movement ot the lever ItJverkeeps leverkeeps
keeps the wheel In motion motionHI1lng motionHaving
Having previously tempered hilt clay claypit claypit
pit he divides It Into lumps of the theproper theproper
proper weight for a jug of a certain certainsize certainsize
size One of these plastic lumps Is Isplaced isplaced
placed on the center oC the revolving revolvingdisk revolvingdisk
disk and the potter proceeds to give itform It Itform
form and shape mainly by the manip manipulation manipulation
ulation of his hands alone It Is in interestlng Interesting
terestlng to watch the sort clay grow growInto grateinto
Into symmetrical shape under the thesimple thesimple
simple manipulations or the potters pottersfingers pott01Sfingers
fingers sometimes assisted by some somoasimple somesimple
simple tool or wood or bone boneThe boneThe
The first step In shaping a jug Is by byInserting byinserting
Inserting one or two fingers of one onebllnd onehand
hand Into the center of the revolving revolvinglump revolvinglump
lump while th the other hand Is used to topress topress
press on the outside This produces producesa
a hole In the clay which may be as aswide aswide
wide as necessary by limply moving movingtbe movingthe
the fingers to one side or the center center1ho centerThe
The 1ho clay now assumes the shape of a atblck athick
thick ring and la made thinner and anddrawn anddrawn
drawn upward upwa to form the side walll walllof wallsof
of the jug by simply raisIn raising both bothIlands bothhands
hands at the Mme time pulling the theclay theclay
clay up between them At this stags ltaatlte stagsthe
the article has assumed the form or n ncylinder acylinder
cylinder or widemouth jar which a afew afew
few touches at the brim wlll complete completeTo
To make the cylinder Into a regulation regulationjug regulationjug
jug the upper rim 1s forced or bent bentInward bentInward
Inward with the hands Into the form formof formof
of a dome while the neck and lip are areshaped areshaped
shaped with one finger Inside the ori orifice on onflee
flee and a stick on the outside outsideThe outsideThe
The revolving mass of soft material materialresponds materialresponds
responds readily to every touch of the thefingers thefingers
fingers bonding this way or that but butthe butthe
the speed of the wheel must be com comparatlvely comparatively
paratlvely slow otherwise the cen centrlfugal centrifugal
trlfugal force would throw the walls wansoutward wallsoutward
outward and spoil the shape It the thejug thejug
jug Is to have a handle It Is molded moldedseparately moldedseparately
separately with the hands bent Into Intoshape intoshape
shape and the ends pressed Into good goodcontact goodcontact
contact with the moist jug At the thebottom thebottom
bottom the jug Is still stuck fast to tothe tothe
the center ot the wheel but may be belUted belifted
lifted oft after drawing a fine wire under un under
der It ItArter it itAfter
After being properly drIed our ourfarmerpotter ourfarmerpotter
farmerpotter proceeds to bake his pot pottery pottery
tery Inside a long arch of brickwork brickworkThis brickworkThis
This arch has a chimney at one and t1ndand andand
and the fuel which Is wood Is ted tedInto fedInto
Into the other In the arch or oven ovenat ovenat
at Intervals there are loose bricks brfokswhich brickswhich
which may be removed during the fir firlng firIng
lng and common salt Is thrown thrownthrough thrownthrough
through these openings to produce a aglaze aglaze
glaze on the surface of the ware Some Someskill Someskill
skill or experience Is necessary to con conduet coneduct
duet the firing properly or the pot pottery pottery
tery will be spoiled spoiledThough spoiledThough
Though often ungraceful In shape shnpthis shapethis
this pottery Is still 1n common use usewherever usewherever
wherever the distance from trade con centers contors
ters makes freight rates tOd dear on oneuoh onsuch
such bulky and heavy articles3otanrntitle I1rtlcle8Sc1Gn I1rtlcle8Sc1Gntll1e
title AmericanThe American AmericanThe
The Department ot o Agrlcultured Agrlculturedc Agriculture do doalareo
c alareo area that n diet ot grasp Is far moro morohealtbful monoahealthful
healthful than one of meat It Is dif diffleult 11 11nult
nult however t to nc accept ept the raise ralseI In InI
prices al a blessing blea lng In disguise
I I
e eCITY
CITY CITYSPANKS ° SPANKSEM SPANKSEMHooaiar EM EMHooslar
Hooslar capunrs Qa itats Juvenllle Court a aSCtne aScone
Scone of Small Domestic Tragedies TragediesNow TragediesNow
Now swat him himYou himYou
You mean go A at him wid d de wMp1 wMp1Y whlp7Yee
Y Yee gO itAnd It ItAnd
And the whip falls and falls again againwhile againwhile
while the boy yells and yells eUs again againTbose againThose
Those little onoact dramas are en enacted enacted
acted weekly at the police station stationonly stationonly
only that the above dialogue la not all allthat allthat
that talces place The first scene trans transpires transpires
pires upon the third floor of the police policestation policestation
station building on Friday afternoon afternoonwhen afternoonwhen
when JUdge Stubbs holds his Juvenile Jllvenllecourt Juvenilecourt
court courtSnickering courtSnickering
Snickering snuffling sn mlng boys In a row rowface rowface
face him and listen as the policemen policementell policementell
tell how bad they are while their theirparents theirparents
parents laud them to the skies Judge JudgeStubbs JudgeStubbs
Stubbs p patlontly U ntly takes It all In and andthen andthen
then makes his disposition of the CUIt CUItAnd cuntAnd
And It happens almost every Friday Fridaythat Fridaythat
that among that lot of boys Is one oneboy oneboy
boy that that needs a licking Sa when whenthe whenthe
the Judge tells them to take such n nboy aboy
boy into the basement and give him a aflogging aflogging
flogging that bo boy goes along with a agreat agreat
great big policeman and the boys boysparents boysparents
parents and the flogging follows followsIts followsIts
Its the one one place where boys get getwhippings getwhippings
whippings that they remember It Itthe Ifthe
the policeman Is a good h Itand nd at the thebusiness thebusiness
business he has learned not to be too tootender tootender
tender hearted Its up to him to say saywhen saywhen
when the lad has has enough and he henever henever
never says It until he thinks that there thereIs thereIs
Is a sound or repentance In the cries criesof criesof
of angered anguish from the boy boyOnce boyOnce
Once In a 1 while a parent feels sorry sorryand sorryand
and bnds oosl1 easily with the rod rotlSwat rodSwat
Swat him harder says the officer omcerHarder officerHarder
Harder than that asks the fond fondparent fondparent
parent parentYes parentYee
Yes make him feel It ItAM itAbd
AM on goes the switch with renew renewed renewed
ed vigor until finally the Job Is com completed completed
pleted Fond parent cries and says sayathat saysthat
that the whipping really hurts fond tondparent fondparent
parent more than It does the oft oftspring offspring
spring and olnJprlng wipes away the thetears thetears
tears with one hand and feels the seat seatof seatof
of the disturbance with the other otherNow otherNow
Now Bobby dont hurt father and andmother andmother
mother any more Be a nice boy boyBobby boyBobby
Bobby does nothing but continue the thetwo thetwo
two hnn1 hni I operation at already ready spoken spokenof
of
A colored womdn of the stout stoute stoutextra
e extra < tra stout In facttype bad one nA at atthcstl ofthese
these whippings to administer 11 few fewweeks fewweeks
weeks ago and she did It In the right rightkind rightkind
kind of style The Th bo boy was a little littlecolored littlecolored
colored tell fellow ow as Interesting as he hewas hewas
was black and the woman looked like likeshe likeshe
she was equal qual to the task of several severalwhillpings severalwhippings
whippings When they reached the thebas thebasement
bas basement em ant and the policeman tolC told her herto herto
to begin she said saidBoy saidBoy
Boy take oft your pants Which Whichthe Whichthe
the boy did didNow didNow
Now lean down over that chairAt chair chairAt
At this point the wblmperlngs at att ofthq
t thq boy began and his cries didnt didntCMte didntcease II
cease until he was ready to leave the t1opolice thepolice
police station The mother was determined de determlned
termlned to give trim something to reo reomember re remember
member and the policeman was there thereto thereto
to see that she did It right When Whenfinally Whenfinally
finally It seemed that the boy had hadabout hadabout
about an he could stand the trio start started startted
ed upstairs where the policeman policemanwinked policemanwinked
winked at a friend and said saidIll saidIll
Ill bet that boy doesnt sIt down downfor downfor
for several daysIndlanapoUs days Indlanapolis Sun SunDangers SunDangers
Dangers of the Bath BathBrevity BathBrevity
Brevity Is commendable but In the theenunciation theenunciation
enunciation ot great truths It Is pos possible pose
sible to stop just short of complete completeness completeness
ness or statement which leaves the theseet theseeker
seet seeker < er after information nt a loss to tol toknow
l know lOW how to apply such knowledge Imowledgearter knowledgeafter
after the manner In which our Puritan Puritanancestors Puritanancestors
ancestors applied all ScrlptureBy ScrlptureByway
way of Improvement For example examplethe examplethe
the London Lancet starU startles the world worldwith worldwith
with the following announcement announcementToo announcementToo
Too much bathing Is harmful as It Ittendl ittends
tends to macerEtion of th the superficial superficialpart upertlelalpart
part of tile epiderm epidermis II which l ms too fre frequently frequently
quently removed and oecaslons Occasions prob probably probably
ably too rapid a proliferation of the thecells thecells
cells of the malplgnlan layer But Butwhat Butwhat
what Is too much and how shall the theman theman
man who seeks to regulate his life lifeby lifeby
by the teachings of science know knowwhen knowwhen
when the superficial part of his eplder epldermlil epldermis
mlil Is macerated and when the pro proliferation proilferatlon
liferation or the cells or the malplg malplghlan malpighlan
hlan layer is too rapid No rlghtmtna rlghtmtnacd
cd person would want these things to tohappen tohappen
happen In his own case and to the In Individual individual
dividual to whom bathing Is perfunc perfunctory perfunctory
tory and who feels a greater sympathy sympathythan sympathythan
than he would be willing to express for torthe forthe
the little girl who objected to hermorning her hermorning
I
morning ablutions la winter on the theground theground
ground that she had rather he warm warmand warmand
and dirty than clean and cold mater maceratlon materatlon
atlon of tile epidermic superfiaes and a agalloping agalloping
galloping proliferation of the malpig malpighlal mal pig pighlal
hlal calls would be symptoms to lie lielooked lielooked
looked for as the result of bathing bathingoftener bathingoftener
oftener than say once a week Hence Hencethe Hencethe
the Information or the Lancet while whileShocking whileshocking
Shocking Is not likely to be revolu revolullonary revolutionary
llonary of Individual habltsNew habltsNewYork habitsNewYork
York Times TlmesA
A Mouse IndicatorDid Indicator IndicatorDid
Did you ever hear or a mouse In Indlcatorr indicator
dlcatorr asked a prominent otllcla otllclaof ofilcfaof
of the Navy Department No Well Wellsuch Wellsuch
such Indicators have been used In the th6navy thenavy
navy anllin and in their way they were very veryvaluable veryvaluable
valuable When the navy first began beganexpedmentlng beganexperimenting
experimenting with submarine boats boatsIt boatsIt
It became neces necessary ary to devise means mElansto meansto
to protect the men who went down In Into into
to the Interior or tho boats from the thestrong thestrong
strong gases Finally n naval officer omcorbit officerhit
bit upon the plan oC placing a mouse mouseIn mouseIn
In a cage and havIng the men who whowent whowent
went below keep the cage close by byWe byWe
We reckoned th tI respective strength strengthbf strengthbf
bf plan man and mouser and when t the e ea eagaping eseaping
gaping gases had overpowered the ill 111Uoreature illtie
tie Uoreature creature the men rfould know knowwas A Apeas
was about time to asrendWashtlJu asrendWashtlJut
to t in i Star
r
J j
HE LANDED ON PPTH FEE FEEUemarkable FEED FEEDRemarkable
Remarkable Ch Change nge or Fortune In InSamuel InSamuel
Samuel M Bryans Life LifeOne LifeOne
One day I In the early part or 1870 1870a
a young man named SamuelllI Samuel M Bryan Br11na
a clerk In the POfJtofflce Department Departmentat
at Washington received notice that thathis thathis
his services were no longer needed neededIncompetency neededIncompetency
Incompetency was the reasoIi given givenfor givenfor
for his dismIssal When he looked lookedover lookedover
over over his stock In trade he found that thl1tIt thatit
It consisted of something less than thanl
l 100 In money and 11 great Idea A Afew Afew
few days later he started West Af Atter I Iter
ter many vicissitudes he reached San SanFrancisco SanFrancisco
Francisco where he secured employ employment employyment
ment as purser on steamship a bound bonndfor boundfor
for Japan and In due time found hIm hImself himself
self In Toklo TokloOnce TokloOnce
Once In Japans great city he at atonce atonce
once proceeded to put his great Idea IdeaInto ideainto
Into execution What he proposed proposellwas proposedwas
was to perfect and put into operation operationIn
In Japan n postal system modeled modeledafter modeledafter
after that of the United States StatesBryan StatesBryan
Bryan found willing listeners among amongthe amongthe
the high Japanese officials and In due duetime duetime
time was requested to prepare npros nprospectus a pross prosspectus
pectus of his postal system to be sub submitted submitted
mitted to the Emperor Its value alue was wasat wasat
at once recognized and It was ordered orderedto
to be put Into affect Bryan was wasptaced wasplaced
placed at the head ot the new department depart department
ment with 0 a salary of 11000 a year yearand yearand
and Intrusted with the negotiation of ofa ofa
a postal treaty between Japan an anthe and andthe
the United States StatesA StatesA
A few months later he was back baclcIn backin
In Washington as the envoy at the tbeJapanese theJapanese
Japanese government treating on onequal onequal
equal terms with the man who had haddismissed haddismissed
dismissed him front his clerkship for forIncompetency forincompetency
Incompetency The treaty which he henegotiated henegotiated
negotiated with skill and diplomacy dlp10malYproved diplomacyproved
proved entirely satisfactory to all con concerned conearned
earned cernedBryan earnedBryan
Bryan remained In lathe the service of the thoJapanese theJapanese
Japanese Government for some fifteenyears fifteen ijfteqnyears
years He then returned to the Unit United Vnlted
ed States arlch man and now lives 111 111one htone
one ot the finest finest residences In Wash WashIngton WashIngton
Ington He Is still a young man anI anIhas and andhas
has years enough before him to develop de develop
velop half a dozen more great idoas idoasbut Idon Idonbut
but It Is Interesting to conjecture conjucturewhat conjecturewhat
what his career might have been had hadhe hadhe
he pot ot lost his place In the lolllt Jtlca JtlcadepartmentNew o odepartmentNew
departmentNew York Dally fiws fiwsHow ws
1 1How
How to Pronounce Cologne CologneThe CologneThe
The German city which we know by byIts byits
Its French name Cologne Is s In a astate astate
state oC great excitement over the theorthagraphy theorthagraphy
orthagraphy of Its German name nameShould name nameShould
Should It be spelled with n K or a aoKoeln aCKoeln
oKoeln or Coeln CoelnThe CoelnThe
The municipal authorities recently recentlyconcluded recentlyconcluded
concluded that It was hIgh time to set settie settie
tie the matter In their own opinion opinionlCoeln opinionKoeln
lCoeln Is the proper form historically historicallycorrect historicallycorrect
correct and In accordance with the thegenius thegenius
genius of the language They de determined determined
termined however to refer the mat matter matter
ter to the general government and andthis
this agreed with them So far all allwas nilwas
was harmony and peace peaceBut peaceBut
But when It came to confirming the thenanlmous thedmanimous
nanlmous decision by an Imperial Imperialdlct imperialedict
edict dlct the Imperial will had to be reek reckoned reekoned
oned with and the Imperial William Williamprefers Williamprefers
prefers the spelling Ooeln The TheColognese TheColognese
Colognese defended their favorite favoriteK
K and formed n court of Inquiry Inquirycomposell inquirycomposed
composed of historians and phllol phllologlsts phllologlsts
oglsts who reported In favor of itThey It ItThey
They admItted that the name orlglnat orlglnated originated
ed In that of the Oolonla Claudia OlaudlaAgrlpplnensls ClaudiaAgrlppinensis
Agrlpplnensls Ublorum founded uy uyClaudius y yClaudius
Claudius A D 50 but they contends contendtthat l lthat
that the Introduction of the e or um umlaut umlaut
laut would modify the pronunciation pronunciationso
50 that It the name were sp spelled l1ed Coeln Coelnt CoelnIt
It t ought to be pronounced Zoeln In Instead Instead
stead ot Koeln as everybody does doespronounQe doespronounce
pronounce It In German c before beforee
e I and oc Is pronounced like z zA zA
A Question of Diet DietEmil DietEmil
Emil Zola or one of the novelists novelistsadvocates novelistsadvocates
advocates has stated that round the theatoml1ch thestomach
stomach and Its functlqnl gathers half halfthe halt haltthe
the Importance and Interest ot me meWith lifeWith
With the correctness or the conclu conelusions
1110011 that the realist school draw from fromthis fromthis
this we have nothing to do but there thereIs thereIs
Is certainly something to be be said for forthe forthe
the premise A lady married to n nGi3rman aGerman
German husband sought n separation separationon
on the ground that he neglected to toprovide toprovide
provide suitable maintenance for her herand herand
and the children It appeared that he heused housed
used to buy dog doge meat nt 2d a pound poundand poundand
and receive from Germany salted sl 1ted her herrings herrings
rings green cheese and black bread breadIInd breadand
and to give the green green cheese and anclblack andblack
black bread 11 relish this Germa Germaspouse Germaxspouse
spouse made a special preparation at atgoose ofgoose
goose fat to serve as butter The lady ladydid
did not get her separation and we can canonly canonly
only hope that she and her husband husbandmay husbandmay
may come to some arrangement about abouttbe aboutthe
the characteristics of suitable food foodThere foollThere
There was as no other cause of disagree IllsngreeInent disagreement
Inent between them and we can only ontyrepeat onlyrepeat
repeat the tlmehonored advice of ofFeed ofFeed
Feed the brute Surely a husband husbandfed husbandfed
fed on green cheese black bread and andgoose andgoose
goose fat would become amenable to torealonPal1 toreasonPall
realonPal1 Mall Gazette GazetteFor GazetteFor
For the Use of Author AuthorOn AuthorsOn
On account of so utany any young per peraonS persons
sons now attempting to write notable notablenOtion notablefiction
nOtion that will run Into the 100th 100thmillion 100thmillion
million and the paper they are muss mussIng mussing
Ing In their strenuous taper chas chase of ofglory ofglory
glory a neW mammoth paper mill Is Isbeing isbeing
being started backed b bi the 111bllsh pttblishera 111bllshera
era or notable fIctiun Thl This paper paperompnny papercompany
company makes a specialty of au authors authorn
thorn material all MSS or notable notablenctlon notablefiction
fiction must bear the proper water watermark watermark
mark and aU MSS will be encouragingly encourage encourageIngly
Ingly declined by a personal note from fromthe fromthe
the p pgbllshersNew bllshersNew York Sun SunThe SunThe
The Shortest Will WillEverything WillEverything
Everything I have I give to my mywife mywife
wife These words constitute the thelast thelast
last will and testament of 11 Brooklyn Brooklynnman I Iman
man who died recently It Is aaht to tobe tobe
be ono of the 1e briefest wills ever rec recorded
ordedMancltester orded biancltester Union
Ms eY eYor
or LIre LIreFinesse
Flnel FlnelA Finesse FinesseA
A lOtnewnllt little gir girHad girHad
Had a very little curl curlu curlBut
But u 1 ks 8 nothin uothiug more than ju just to der ler to tost4te tostate
state st4teThat stateThat
That she divers measures too tooWhereby too tooWhereby
Whereby site made it loot loocTo lootTo <
To casual inspection tometbUlg great greatlJuck greatPuck
Puck lJuckThe PuckThe
The Lnnc1 of HI Ills Birth JUnbIIIgtn BirthHigginsSo
HigginsSo IIIgtn SO you art > proud ot the tholan theland
lan land of your birth eh Wht Whqt did It ItCer Itever
ever do to be proud a aWlgglnsWasnt of ofWlgginsWasnt
WlgglnsWasnt I born there tl1ere1Boston thereBoston
Boston Transcript TranscriptTwo
Two VltnU
AuntTommy Why do you always alwaysbring alwaysbring
bring little MalJel when when I play the theplnno thepiano
piano She always screams so that I Iha Ihave
ha have ve to stop stopTommyYes stopTommyYes
TommyYes I knoW Pa alve gives oe oen mea
n nickel to bring lu herNew rNeW y vJournal yJournal
Journal
Th Tle Genuine Article ArticleIs ArticleIs
Is he a real nobleman noblemanOh 2 2Oh
Oh beyond question It YOU will willnotice
notice how stuplll he Is you W111 11l see seetbat seethat
that there Is no possibility of D mIs mIstakeOblcago mletakeChicago
takeOblcago Post PostAn PoetAn
An EXceptiunaIOIportunltr EXceptiunaIOIportunltrShe EYceptloual Gpportuulty GpportuultyShe
She complains that net husband husbandont husbandwonit
wonit ont listen to reason reasonHe reasonHe
He ought to M ashamed of blm blmself himmself
self It Isnt every married ruin JRn that thatbas thathas
bas n chancePuck chancePuckPerhaps chan Puk PukPeriliap
Perhaps tt Was Walrrs WasMrs
Mrs rrs RIchmond What lovely nn nntlque antique
tlque furniture furulturetroIls furnitureMrs
roIls Bronxborough Yes and do doyou doyou
you know we got It almost as c cheap e 1p as asIt asif
It it had been newJudge newJudgejut newJudgeJust
jut Just the Word WordYougwed Vorl1ougwed
ougwed au bridal toutI would wouldlike wouldlike
like rooms for myself and wife wlrlHotel wifeHotel
Hotel OlerltSultl I suppose2 suppose2Youngwe suppose supposeYoungwedThats
Youngwe YoungwedThats < luXhats what ShAs the tloswcete thesweetest
swcete sweetest t thing that ever happened nappenaCicago happenedCicago
Cicago News NewsIt NewJIt
It W Was 8l Gune An7liocr An7liocrBaconA bQt7 bQt7Bncon
BaconA Bncon man cant take any money moneywIth money moneywith
wIth him when he dies diesEgbertOh diesEgbertObi
EgbertOh I dont know I hac had n nfrIend afriend
frIend who owed me 10 dlt die last weekY week
Y guess hos taken that With him all allrlht allright
right YonkCIJ Statesman Statesmanrho StatesmanThe
The Sew ew Lltor Litortare LitortareAuthorI = ture tureAuthorI
AuthorI believe I will write an ananimal ananimal
animal book bookWlttBut e eWlfeBut
WlttBut yt ycu u 110nt know anything anythingnlJout anythingabout
about animals animalsNo animalsNo
No But 1 know something abort abotuuman abortunman
unman natureNlW York i Ul uaAlasl UlAta1
Ata1 Be Vere VereSheYm PereSheYou
SheYm tell me you never was In Inloe f
love before Cnn 11 look me In the theface P Pface
face and soy that il1atHeWhen thatHeWhon
HeWhen I look you In the face facedarling facedarling
darling I forget that there ever was wasanthet wasanother
another woman 11 the world Boston BOltmfanscllpt BostonTranscript
Transcript
Jut That ThatOld ThatOld3ashlaned
Old3ashlaned Old Bhloned Grandmother Now NowRhoda NowRhoda
Rhoda you know you went that tow towerlngl1at toweying
erlngl1at eying lint with n1 nil those tho e feathers OU tt ttjust itjust
just to attract attention attentionUptoDate attentionUp
Up UptoDate to DateDescendant Deslendnnt Why grand grandmother grandmother
mother thats what they built the Par Parthenon Parthenon
thenon r JrChlcngo r Chlcago lllbuuc TrlbuueIris lllbuucRia
Iris IlUprel8lon IlUprel8lonI
I have often wondered what I would woulddo wouldc1o
do If I should tlnd a burglar In the thehouse thehouse
house said Mr relktons wife r rdont Idont
dont tlllnk Idflllnt IdflllntNo Id faint faintNo
No unswerec answered Leonldns I nm sure sureyour sureyour
your presence of mind would not de desert desent
sent you And Ir you Ino can remember rememborsome remembersome
some ot those tnlks you rehearse to me meI meI
I Cont know what mlgbtnt happen to tothJ tothe
the blSlalWashlngton Star
t tXIe rThe
The Diet or VorulI
where l Papa pm Came la laW InWhom
W Whom olU do yeu lore lJ best s asked It Itvisitor i ivisitor
visitor of my sister Lllinn three and a ahalt a ahalf
halt years cItI cidbfgmtnn cItIltfamma
ltfamma said the ltttle ene God Godnext Godnext
next and then my stators ana broth bJothors brothors
ors ors
orsNoticIng NoticIng that she sa said hI nothing about abouttier abouther
tier lather the VlsItOlsl1ld VlsItOlsl1ldWl1y visitor said saidWhy
Why U1rlU I Illan I nm surprised nt your yourNhcre youlWMre
WMre does your o1r p papn a come inLilian In InLilian
Lilian ralsoa ralsod b her l 1R1g large eyes and Inlto Iti to tocently
Gently nnsweredt nnsweredtPapawhy answcred answcredPapawhy
Papawhy papa comes tuthrough tuthroughthe to through throughthe
the doorLlttle Chronicle

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