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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1873-1910, February 12, 1898, Image 1

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I T 11 11VOL T SENTThEL 1 T
VOL XXV WASHINGTON CITY CITYD D C SATI RUAEY 12 121898 1898 NO NO34 34
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oolaeblngton Sentinel SentinelPublished eiiUnel eiiUnelPublished I IPublished
Published and Editea by byLOUIS byLOUIS byLOuIS
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TERMS TERMS3oo fERMSoo
sent by byeil byIIi byaal
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eil IIi to subscribers payable in In advance advanceRATES advanceaATKS advanceAIES
RATES AIES OF ADVKB f rISING tISINOIrst rISINGlrst ISINOaMrst
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Advertisements to Insure insertion insertionshould Insertionshould Insertionshould
should be handed in not later than la laoclock J2ocJock 12oclock
oclock noon on Thursday ThursdayOffice ThursdayOffice ThursdayOffice
Office No 804 E Street N W WWashlneton WWastlln WWashlnton
Wastlln Washlneton ton D C CSample CSample CSampe
Sample copies mailed upon applica application apf applica application > lica licatlon ¬
tion Address Louis SCHADK Wash Washington WIshIngton Vshiagton ¬
ington D C CSenor C
De fltie io e ResIgns ReslgnBSenor ResIgnsSenor
Senor Enrique Dupuy de Lome Lomethe Lomethe Lomethe
the Spanish Minister to the United UnitedStates UnitedStates Unitedtates
States tates has resigned resignedThis reslfInedThis resignedThis
This sudden and forced change changein
t in the personnel of the head of the theSpanish theSpanish
4 Spanish Legation was the he direct directoutcome directoutcome directoutcome
outcome of the publication of a aletter aJetter aletter
letter written by the Spanish Min Minister MinIster Mm MmIster ¬
ister to his friend Canalejas the theMadrid theMadrid theMadrid
Madrid editor in which he com commented commented cornnented ¬
mented with great severity upon uponthe uponthe uponthe
the President of the United States Statesand Statesand Statesand
and made oter utterances which whichwere whichwere whichwere
were equally offensive to this Gov Government Government Government ¬
ernment His comment upon the thePresident thePresident thePresident
President was translated so as to toread toread toread
read readBesides readBesides readBesides
Besides the natural and inevitable inevitablecoarseness mevitablecoarseness inevitablecoarseness
coarseness with which he McKinley McKinleyrepeats McKmleyrepeats McKinleyrepeat8
repeats all that the press and public publicopinion publicopinion publicopinion
opinion of Spain has said of Weyler it itthe itthe itthe
the message shows once more that thatMcKinley tbatMcKinley thatMcKinley
McKinley is weak and catering caterinl to the therabble therabble therabble
rabble and besides a low politician who whodesires whodesires whodesires
desires to leave a door open to me and andstand andstand andstand
stand well with the tbeJlngoes Jingoes of his party partyInvestigationinformalty partyInvestigationinformaltyentered partyI partylnvestigationinformalTy
Investigationinformalty Investigationinformaltyentered Investigationinformaltyenteredupon entered enteredupon enteredupon
I
upon by the State Department Departmentresulted Departmentresulted Departmentresulted
resulted in the disclosure of the thefact thefacl thefact
fact that the Minister would wouldnot wouldnot wouldnot
not deny the authorship of the theletter theletter theletter
letter Thereupon Assistant Sec Secretary Secretary Sect ¬
retary Day went at once to the theWhite theWhite theWhite
t White House and spent some time timein timein timein
in consulting with the President PresidentOthtr PresidentOthtr PresidentOther
Othtr conferences with the Presi President President President ¬
dent followed and finally Judge JudgeDay JudgeDay JudgeDay
Day personally waited upon the theSpanish theSpanish theSpanish
Spanish Minister for some expla explanation explanation explanation ¬
nation Mr Dupuy de Lome Lomestated Lomestated Lomestated
stated without reservation that he hehad hehad hehad
had written the objectionable epis epistle epistle epistie ¬
tle and also imparted the informa information informai information ¬
i tion that late on Tuesday nightafter night nightafter nightalterlearning
after alterlearning learning that it had become becomepublic becomepublic becomepublic
public he had cabled his resigna resignation resi resignation na nation ¬
tion to Madrid MadridThe MadridThe MadridThe
The State Department has asktd asktdthe asktdthe askdthe
the Madrid Government to deal dealwith dealwith dealwith
with him as he deserves If it itneglects itne itneglects
ne neglects lects or delays to do so our ourGovernment ourGovernment ourGovernment
Government will send him pack packing packing packr ¬
r ing and that very promptly promptlyHe promptlyHe promptlyHehasbccnguiltyotan
He Hehasbccnguiltyotan has been guilty ol an act out outrageous outrageous outrageous ¬
rageous and insulting to the coun country country country ¬
try in any case and peculiarly out outrageous outrageous outrageous ¬
rageous and insulting at a time timewhen timewhen timewhen
when relations between the two twocountries twocountries twocountries
countries are strained almost to the thebreaking thebreaking thebreaking
breaking point pointHis pointHis pointHis
His letter is not only undiplo undiplomatic updiplomatico udiplomatic ¬
matic It is isa a vulgar tirade against againstthe againstthe againstthe
the official officialchiefofthe chief of the Government Governmentto
to which he stands accredited It Itis Itis Itis
is insulting and inexcusable in the thelast thelast thelast
last degree degreeFor degreeFor degreeFor
For such an offense on the part partof partJ partof partofa
of ofa a Minister recall is no proper properatonement properatonement properatonement
J
atonement There Thereshould should be an anapology anapology anapology
apology from the Madrid Govern Government Government Government ¬
ment and that apology should be beaccompanied beaccompanied beaccompanied
accompanied by the assurance assurancetha assurancetha assurancetha
tha Dupuy de Lome is never neveragain neverafain neveragain
again to be employed in the diplo diplomatic diplomatic diplomatic ¬
matic service ol Spain Lacking Lackingsuch Lackingsuch Lackingi
i such assurance we should not ac accep1 accep acany
cep cep1 any other Minister in his hisplace hisI hisplace
I place lest our Government be betreated beI betreated
I t treated again with contumely contum lvand lvandcontempt and andcontempt andI andcontempt
I contempt contemptAs contemptAs contemptAs
As to Dupuy de Lome the only onlywonder onlywonder onlyC
C wonder is that he was accepted at atWashington atWashington atWashingtonas
Washington as persona grata For Formany Formany Formany
many years ago he vented in a abook aII abook
II book his contempt oi America and andAmericans andAmericans andAmericans
Americans and especially of ofAmerican ofJ ofI
J American women in terms which whichwould whichwould whichwould
would forever have excluded him himfrom bimfrom himc
c from diplomatic relations with the theGovernment theI theGovernment
I Government of any other country countryabout countryabout countryabout
about which he had said such suchthings suchthings suchthings
things thingsThere thingst thingsThere
t There will be a disavowal by bythe byl bythe
l the Madrid Government of course courseThat courseThat courseThat
That is polite diplomatic lingo for forlying forlying forlying
lying It ought not to suffice sufficeUntil sufficeUntil sufficeUntil
Until Dupuy de Lome is punished punishedand punishedand punishedand
and assurances are given that his hissuccessor hissuccesor hissuccessor
successor will behave like a gen genleman Eenleman genleman
leman we should receive r eiv no suc successor successor successor ¬
cessor to him We at all least east can get geton geton geton
on without any Spanish Minister Ministert
t Washington
Smooth as Ills Oil OilCertain 011Certain OilCertain
Certain of the pious youth ot otNew otNew otNew
New York must iurely still re remember remember remember ¬
member the instructive moment momentwhen momentwhen momentwhen
when Mr John D Rockefellerap Rockefellerappeared Rockefellerappeared Rockefellerappeared ¬
peared before them with a well wellthumbed wellthumbed wellthumbed
thumbed memorandum memorandumbpokin bpok in his hishands hisands hissands
hands ands and told them of ofthe the little littleearnings littleearnings littleearnings
earnings and modest beneficences beneficencesof beneficencesofhis
of ofhis his youth They listened spell spellbound spellbound spellbound ¬
bound while he told of ofearnings earnings of ofsix ofsix ofsix
six dollars a week and gifts ol 25 25cents 25cents a acents
cents to foreign missions 10 cents centsto centsto centsto
to Bible societies and various sums sumsto sumsto sumsto
to diverse religious beneficiaries beneficiariesAnd benefiiarlesAnd benefiiariesAnd
And when the multimillionaire multimillionairetrying multimillionairetrying multimillionairetrying
trying to look as if he yearned for forthe lorthe forthe
the days of penury again closed closedby closedby closedby
by saying that he held it the duty dutyof dutyof dutyof
of every man to get all the money moneyhe moneyhe moneyhe
he could ho estly and then give giveit giveIt giveIt
it all away his auditors felt that thathere thathere thathere
here indeed was a true guide for foryouth foryouth foryouth
youth through lifes thorny path pathWhen patbWhen pathWhen
When the Ohio Legislature is isnot ISnot isnot
not electing corruptionists and andbribers andbribers andbribers
bribers to the United States Sen Senate Senate Senate ¬
ate it is usually engaged in inves investigating investigatin investigating ¬
tigating the methods by which Mr MrRockefellergets MrRockelellergets MrRockefdllergets
Rockefellergets his money moneyhon moneyhonestly rnoneyhonestly hon honestly ¬
estly It was so employed Mon Monday Monday Monday ¬
day last when John Teagle an oil oilrefiner oilrefiner oilrener
refiner rener testified before it Mr MrTeagle MrTeagle MrTeagle
Teagle swore that the agents ag nts 01 olJohn 01John 01John
John D Rockefeller tried to bribe bribehis bribehis bribehis
his bookkeeper with wi h an offer of
50 a week to give the Standard StandardOil StandarqOil Standar4Oil
Oil Company information regard regarding regarding regarding ¬
ing his shipments prices cost of oimanufacture ofmanufacture ofmanufacture
manufacture etc The bookkeeper bookkeeperpretended bookkeeperpretended bookkeeperpretended
pretended to be complaisant and andactually andactually andactually
actually received one payment for torhelping forhelping forhelping
helping Mr Rockefeller to under undermine undermine undermine ¬
mine his employers business businessIt
It seems that Bibles are not the theonly theonly theonly
only books which interest Mr MrRockefeller MrRockefellerthe MrRockefellerthe
Rockefeller Rockefellerthe the books of his hiscompetitors hiscompetitprs hiscompetitors
competitors also lso engage en age his atten aliention attention attention
tion And perhaps in his memo memorandum memorandum memorandum ¬
randum ol charitable disburse disbursements disbursements disbursements ¬
ments now he puts putsdown down the sums sumsbenevolently Bumsbenevolently sumsbenevolently
benevolently paid to indigent em employes employes employes ¬
ployes of his business rivals in con consideration cQn cQnsideration consideration ¬
sideration ol their treachery to totheir totheir totheir
their employers At any rate Mr MrRockefeller MrRockefeller MrRockefeller
Rockefeller is living up to the first firstpart firstpart firstpart
part of his counsel to aspiring aspiringyouth aspiringyouth aspiringyouth
youth He is getting all the themoney themoneyhe money moneyhe moneyhe
he can We note that thatthe the dividends dividendspaid dividendspaid dividendspaid
paid to this eminent churchman churchmanand churchmanand churchmanand
and philanthropist from his Stand Standard Standard Standard ¬
ard Oil holdings alone in 1897 897 are areestimated areestimated areestimated
estimated at S7SOOoccand 7500000 and still stillthe stillthe stillthe
the man who want to make a liv living livinE livjog ¬
jog refining oil must be fought with withweapons withweapons withweapons
weapons r ranging n ing all the way from fromcorruption fromcorruption fromcorruption
corruption to explosives explosivesAmondlncr explosivesAmandln explosivesp explosives4mondInr
p
Amondlncr the flames Law liawA LawA LawA
A bill is pending at Albany to toamend toamend toamend
amend the Raines law It reduces reducesthe reducesthe reducesthe
the tax for wine and beer dealers dealersand dealersand dealersand
and is advocated advoc ted by the original originalsponsors originalsponsors originalsponsors
sponsors of ofthe the Raines law on the theground theground theground
ground that we must recognize recognizepublic recognizepublic recognizepublic
public sentiment sentimentBut sentimentBut sentimentBut
But the right thing to do with withIhe withthe withthe
the Raines law is to repeal it Its Itsfault Itsfault Itsfault
fault is not that it taxes vine ine and andbeer andbeer andbeer
beer sales too high but that it robs robsthe robsthe robsthe
the cities of revenues that properly properlybelong properlybelonE properlybelong
belong to them and gives the themoney themoney themoney
money to the rural districts It Itmakes Itmakes Itmakes
makes the dwellers in cities pay paythe paythe paythe
the taxes of the co countrymen ntrymen and andthe andthe andthe
the only public sentiment that thatsupports thatsupports thatsupports
supports this law is that of the thechuckling thechuckling thechuckling
chuckling beneficiaries ol this thisshifting thisshifting thisshifting
shifting of taxation taxationThe taxationThe taxationThe
The law is vicious in other ways waysIt waysIt waysIt
It operates unjustly and oppress oppressively oppressively oppressively ¬
ively between diflerent classes ot otdealers otdealers 01dealers
dealers It invites fraud false falsepretense falsepretense falsepretense
pretense evasion and trickery So Sofar Sofar Sofar
far from lessening it has increased increaseddrunkenness increaseddrunkenness increaseddrunkenness
drunkenness drunkennessThe drunkennessTlteonly drunkennessTheonly
The Tlteonly only thing that would cure cureits cureits cureits
its defects would be its repeal repealThe repealTho
4 4The
The Captain Blioald Explain ExplainCaptain ExplamCaptain ExplainCaptain
Captain Mahan is undoubtedly undoubtedlya
a luminous authority on allprob allproblems all prob problems problerns
lems involving naval warfare so it itis itis itis
is hoped he will add an explana explanation explanation I Ition
tion to tohis his dictum thai we need the theSandwich theSandwich theSandwich
Sandwich Islands for or the protec protection protection protection ¬
tion of our Pacific seaboard trom tromnaval Iromnaval tromnaval
naval attack attackWhat attackWhat attackWhat
What seems to the merely lay layintelligence IWintelligence layintelligence
intelligence to need elucidation is isthis isthis isthis
this
Just in what way would the task taskol taskot taskof
ol defending the Pacific seaboard seaboardwithout seaboardwithout seaboardwithout
without the islands be diminished diminishedif
if added to that task we had also alsoto alsoto alsoto
to protect the Sandwich Islands IslandsOr IslandsOr IslandsOr
Or OrIf OrIf OrIf
If we we wehad had say ten ships available availableto
to aid in resisting a sea attack on onSan onSan onSan
San Francisco harbor would five fiveoi fiveof
oi them do more effective work workafter workafter workafter
after the other five had been de defor detached detached
tached for forthedetense thedetense the dclense of Honolulu Honoluluharbor Honoluluharbor Honoluluharbor
harbor harborTHE harborTUE harborTIlE
THE trouble in the Zola case caseseems caseseems caseseems
seems to be that the court is prim primarily primarilv primaril ¬
arily aril concerned to prevent the tell telling telling ¬
ing of the whole truth French Frenchmethods Frenchmethods Frenchmethods
methods of jurisprudence could couldnot couldnot couldnot
not exist for a day in any English Englishspeaking Englishspeaking Englishspeaking
speaking country because they theyrepresent theyrepresent theyrepresent
represent the utter denial of ofjustice ofjusticeand justice justiceand justiceand
and lair play
Incidents oflho Vilkcsbarro Trial TrialProbably TrialProbablf TrialProbably
Probably Judge Woodward who whocomplains whocomplains whocomplains
complains that the newspapers are aregarbling aregarbling aregarbling
garbling the reports of the th trial of ofShenfi ofSherl ofSherifi
Shenfi Sherl Martin and his murderous murderousdeputies murderousdeputies murderousdeputies
deputies will not deny that he per permitted permittrd perniittd ¬
mitted this body ot men indicted indictedtor indictedtor indictedfor
tor manslaughter to go in perfect perfectfreedom perfectfreedom perfectfreedom
freedom unsecured even by bail bailbonds bailbonds bailbonds
bonds from Saturday to Mondav MondavThis MondavThis MondayThis
This is a matter of court ourt record recordwhich recordwhich recordwhich
which no newspaper dare falsify falsifyand falsifyand falsifyand
and which the Judge responsible responsiblefor
for the suggestive piece of lavorit lavoritism tavoritsm favoritism
ism sm cannot deny denythouEh though we can canreadily canreadily canreadily
readily imagine ima ine he would like to toCould toCould toCould
Could a miner under indictmentfor indictment indictmentfor
for stealing a flitch of bacon bacQ from a acompany acompany acompany
company store secure from Judge JudgeWoodward JudgeWoodward JudgeWoodward
Woodward the benevolent treat treatment treatment treatment ¬
ment he extended to men men who in inIhe inthe inthe
the service of corporations corpor lions com committed committed coinmitted ¬
mitted a score of homicides homicidesMonday homicidesMonday homicidesMonday
Monday the Court under pres pressure pressure pressure ¬
sure from the prosecution fixed fixedthe fixedthe fixedthe
the bail for the entire body of in indicted indicted indicted ¬
dicted men at 5340000 340000 This may maybe maybe maybe
be regarded as a pretty cheap price priceto priceto priceto
to put upon the pleasant Pennsyl Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania ¬
vania practice oi shooting strikers strikersIf
If we regard the bail as fixing che chemeasure chemeasure he hemeasure
measure of responsibility ot each eachman eachman eachman
man indicted we find that about
4000 stands as the courts esti estimate estimate estimate ¬
mate of the price to be paid for forjoining f fDrjoining > > r rjoining
joining in a wholesale massacre massacreOr massacreOr massacreOr
Or if hit it represents the value which whichthe whicbthe whichthe
the Commonwealth puts on its cit citizens citizens citizens ¬
izens who have been murdered we wediscover wediscover wediscover
discover that each dead de d miner is isappraised isappraised isappraised
appraised at SI7ooothat 17000 that is if we wediscard wediscard wedcard
discard the wounding woundin of more than thanfiity thanfitty thanfifty
fifty as a lactor in fixing the amount amountof amountof amountofbail
of ofbail bail However this latter cal caIculation calculation calculation <
culation is obviously absurd In Inthe Inthe Inthe
the palmy days of ofslavery slavery a nig nigger nigger nigger ¬
ger was worth only about S 1200 1200and I I2OO4 I2OO4and 200 200and
and the wages a Pennsylvania coal coalcompany coalcompany coalcompany
company pays to its miners would wouldscarcely wouldscarcely wouldscarcely
scarcely pay interest on more than thanhalf thanhalt thanhalf
half of ofI7000 ofI7000It 17000 17000It
It is a curious fact that the gross grossamount grossamount grossamount
amount of this bond 340000 340000was 340000was 340000was
was put up in cash in one lump lumpThe lumpThe lumpThe
The Sheriff She rill and his deputies seem seemto seemto seemto
to be very fortunate in their friends friendsNot friendsNot friendsNot
Not men men of large means them themselves themselves themselves
selves they are defended by an anarmy anarmy anarmy
army of high priced lawyers The Thediscomfort Thediscomfort Thediscomfort
discomfort attendant upon their theirtrial theirtrial theirtrial
trial is mitigated by their being beingentertained beingentertained I Ientertained
entertained at the best hotel Bail Bailis Bailis I Iis
is speedily found for them and in incash incash incash
cash The cash feature is signifi significant significant significant
cant Sometimes money doesnt doesnttalk doesnttalk doesnttalk
talk despite the old saw It can canbe canbe canbe
be employed as security for a bond bondwithout bondwithout bondwithout
without betraying the identity of ofhim ofhim ofhim
him by whom it is deposited The TheSheriffs TheSherifislriends TheSherifis
Sheriffs Sherifislriends friends are modest Theydont They Theydont Theydont
dont want to schedule real estate estateand estateand estateand
and thus disclose themselves so sothey sothev sothey
they go down into the accumulated accumulatedsavings accumul accumulatedsavings ted j jsavings
savings of a lifetime of thrift and andbring andbring andbring
bring out a li tie pittance of 340 i iooo
000 for his use Fortunate Sheriff SheriffHappy Sheri SheriffiHappy l lHappy
Happy deputies deputiesfAbroad deputiesIbroad
Abroad and at Home HomeOf HomeOf RomeOf
Of course the difficulties which whichZola which20la whichZola
Zola is having havini getting his defence defencebefore defencebefore defencebefore
before the French court are revolt revolting revolting revolting ¬
ing to our free American ideas ideasThat ideasThat ideasThat
That French officers having havingknowledge havin havingknowledge
I
knowledge of a case so profoundly profoundlyaffecting profoundlya profoundlyaffecting
affecting a ectlOg the national honor would wouldrefuse wouldrefuse wouldrefuse
refuse to enter the witness box isj isjcertainly is iscertainly iscertainly
certainly shocking Nothing of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the sort could occur here No in indeed indeedi indeed ¬
deed Here we are all for justice justicefor justicefor justicefor
for plain speaking for turning on onthe onthe onthe
the light at any cost costBut costBut costBut
But stop a minute Wasnt Wasntthere Wasnttherean there therean therean
an occurrence out in Columbus ColumbusOhio ColumbusOhio ColumbusOhio
Ohio a week or two ago which whichnearly whichnearly whichnearly
nearly parallels the court proced procedure procedure procedure ¬
ure in Zolas case A committee committeeof committeeofthe committeeofthe
of ofthe the Legislature was investigat investigating investigating investigatlug ¬
ing a matter which touches more morenearly morenearlv morenearly
nearly the heart of our political politicalsystem politicalsystem politicalsystem
system than do the thee issues of the theDreyfus theDreyfus theDreyfus
Dreyfus case that oi France It Itwas Itwas Itwas
was trying to discover whether whetherMark whetherMark whetherMark
Mark Hanna had been elected to tothe tothe tothe
the United States Senate by brib bribery bribery bribcry ¬
ery as has been widely charged chargedand chargednd chargedand
and nd as is generally believed believedA believedA
A man charged with offering a avbribe aribe abribe
vbribe bribe ribe to a representative epreJen tive was wascalled w wascalled s scalled
called to the stand I decline to toanswer toanswer toanswer
answer was his reply to every everyquestion everyquestion everyquestion
question The manager of a tele telegraph telegraph telegraph ¬
graph office was called I de decline d dcline dedine ¬
cline to answer was the parrot parrotlike parrotlike parrotlike
like refrain Two other witnesses witnessesset witnessesset witnessesset
set at naught the authority of the thecommittee thecommittee thecommittee
committee and covered up the thetruth thetruth thetruth
truth in the same way wayIn wayIn wayIn
In Paris Zola is trying to prove provethat provethat provethat
that a traitor is ibeing being shielded and andan andan andan
an honest man martyred by the Iheaction tbeaction theaction
action of a corrupt corru t military ring ringThe rin rinqThe i iThe
The ring exerts its power to sup suppress suppress suppress ¬ I
press his evidence In Ohio Dem Democrats Democrats Democrats
ocrats are areendeavoring endeavoring endea voring to show that lhatan thatan thatan
an essentially corrupt man has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been put in a position ol national nationaltrust nationaltrust nationaltrust
trust by bribery and corruption corruptionThe corruptionThe corruptionThe
The forces which made Hanna HannaSenator HannaSenator HannaSenator
Senator are now employed to de defeat defeat defeat ¬
feat the purposes of the investiga investigation investigation investigation ¬
tion The two wo incidents are al almost almost atmost ¬
most parallel parallelLet parallelLet parallelLet
Let us not throw any atones stpnci at atI atw
I
w
France lest our glasshouse e1ass house suffer sufferBut su suflerBut er erBut
But as we contemplate the efforts effortsmaking e eulortsmaking orts ortsmaking
making for the defeat of justie justi e in inthe inthe inthe
the Zola case we can form some someconception someconception someconception
conception of how some of our ourpolitical ourpolitical ourpolitical
political trials must look to foreign foreignA foreh foreigneyes n neyes
eyes eyesA
A CouHplracy tn Tax Knowledge KnowledgeThe KnowledJteThe KnowledgeThe
The principal paper manufactu manufacturers ¬
rers of the country have lormed lormedthemselves lormedthemselves formedthemselves
themselves into a trust with SSS 55
000000 capital capitalThe capitalTQe capitalThe
The purpose is to monopolize monopolizethe
the business raise the pries pric of ofpaper ofpaper ofpaper
paper 8 a ton and levy upon the thenewspaper thenewspaper thenewspaper
newspaper and book readers ol the theland th thland theland
land a tax of not less than 4000 4000ooo
000 a year yearThere yearThere yearThere
There are seventeen mills in the thetrust thetrust thetrust
trust and they purpose to drive all allthe alltbe allthe
the other mills out of existence so sothat sothat sothat
that they may charge char e what price pricethey pricethey pricethey
they please pease for or thepaper on which whichnewspapers whichnewspapers whichnewspapers
newspapers are printed printedThis printedThis printedThis
This is a conspiracy to tax taxknowledge taxknowledge taxknowledge
knowledge to levy tribute upon uponeducation uponeducation uponeducation
education to blackmail intelli intelligence intellience intelligence ¬
gence ence itself itselfUnfortunately itselfUnfortunately itselfUnfortunately
Unfortunately the tariff tari duties dutiesaid dutiesaid dutiesaid
aid the conspiracy They not only onlyprevent onlyprevent onlyprevent
prevent Canadian and other foreign foreigncompetition roreifncompetition foreigncompetition
competition in the sale of paper paperbut paperbut paperbut
but they exclude Canadian wood woodpulp woodpulp woodpulp
pulp The free freeadmission admission of wood woodpulp woodpulp woodpulp
pulp and paper would go far to tocrush tocrush tocrush
crush the conspiracy conspiracyWhat conspiracyWhat conspiracyWhat
What is to be done about the thematter thematter thematter
matter Will any Attorney Gen General General Genera ¬ II
eral era enforce the laws against such suchconspiracies sucbconspiracies suchconspiracies
conspiracies in restraint of trade tradeWill tradeWill tradeWill
Will Congress seeing clearly that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the the paper and pulp duties thus aid aidand aidand aidand
and abet robbery repeal those thoseduties thoseduties thoseduties
duties Or is cheap paper to be become becOl1e become ¬
come a thing of the past and all allits allits allits
its benefits to the people in the way wayof wayof wayof
of cheap newspapers cheap maga magazines ma magazines a a2ines
zines and inexpensive books to be belost belost belost
lost lostThese
These questions closely concern concernthe concernthe concernthe
the most vital intellectual interests interestsof interestsof interestsof
of the nation nationSecret nationSeoret nationSecret
Secret Sessions SessionsSecret ScsslonsSecret SessionsSecret
Secret or executive sessions sessionshave sessionshave sessionshave
have an irresistible fascination for fortwovarieties fortwo fortwovarieties
two twovarieties varietes of the current legis legislative legislatve legislative ¬
lative latve mind mindThe mindThe mindThe
The first frst variety is the mind that thatmoves that thatmoves thatmoves
moves by such devious ways to tosuch tosuch tosuch
such doubtlul doubtul ends that publicity publicityis publcitv publcitvis
is as hateful to it as is daylight daylght to tothe tothe tothe
the foul and pestilent pestient shades of ofnight ofnight ofnight
night Like all other creatures creaturesof creaturesof creatures1 creatures1of
of the predatory type it hides when whenthe whenthe whenthe
the sun is abroad and prowls and andpounces andpounces andpounces
pounces in the stealthy stealhy security oi oidarkness 01darkness ofdarkness
darkness darknessThe darknessi darknessThe
i The second variety is the mys mystery mysI mystery ¬
I tery loving mind It I fancies that thatii thatI thatii
I ii i It can candrapeabout drape about itself itsel the mys mysterious mysterious mysterious ¬
terious cloak of night its it trivial trivialoperations trivialoperations trivialoperations
operations will assume alsume in the pop popular popular poptilar ¬
ular Imagination im m glnatioa vast vague va vaue ue and andformidable andfornldable andformidable
formidable fornldable shapes of fear and awe aweWherever aweWherever aweWherever
Wherever there are legislative legislativebodies le legislativebodies islatlve islatlvebodies
bodies whether in the Capitol at atWashington atWashington atWashington
Washington or in the City Hall Hal at atNew atNew atNew
New York there these two vari varieties varietiestbe van vanetiesthe ¬
eties etiestbe the wicked and the weak weakseem weakseem weakseem
seem to be together in the them majority majorityA jority jorityA
A secret session of a body of ofpublic ofpublc ofpublic
publc public servants in a democratic re republic republc republic ¬
publc public is either rotten roten or ridicu ridiculous ridiculous ridicubus ¬
lous lousTheDcreat busThoIereat lousT
T TheDcreat lie Defeat of Leprosy and Loot tiootThe IJootThe LootThe
The Hawaiian Hawaian treaty is in effect effectdefeated e effectdefeated ect ectdefeated
defeated in the Senate SenateMr SenateMr SenateMr
Mr Tellerhas Telerhas admitted so much muchThe muchTle muchThe
The Tle twothirds vote he said is isimpossible isimpos isimposible
impossible impossibleThe impos imposibleThe ible ible1h
The 1h next move is to to carry out outthe outthe outthe
the policy polcy of leprosy and loot by bybill bybi bybill
bill bi requiring requiningonly only a majority vote votein votein votein
in both houses housesBut housesBut housesBut
But even that movement seems seemslikely seemslkely seemslikely
likely lkely to t fail It was reported that thatSpeaker thatSpeaker thatSpeaker
Speaker Reed would jam it itthrough itthrough itthrough1
through but that report is denied deniedMr deniedMr deniedMr
Mr Reed is not a fool He knows knowsthat knowsthat knowsthat
that so s far fr from helping the Re Republican Republcan Repubbican ¬
publican publcan party a procedure of this thiskind thiskind thiskind
kind would ouid be disastrous to it itSpeaker itSpeaker itSpeaker
Speaker Reed is just now nowin nowin nowin
in charge oi the Republican Republicanpartys Republcan Republcanpartys Republicanpartys
partys interests as well el as asof asof asof
of the conduct ot Congress It I is isin isin isin
in the highest degree improbable improbablethat improbablethat improbablethat
that he will wi let any annexation annexaton bill billgo bi billgo
go through It I fact factthe the news is isthat ishat isthat
that he will wiopposeit oppose it with all al his hispractically hispracticaly hispractically
practically practicaly unlimited unlmited power powerLeprosy powerLeprosy powerLeprosy
Leprosy and loot seem to be bebeaten bebeateD bebeaten
beaten beatenRupeeaTranarormed beatenItupeesTranaYormcd 1 1I 1RupeeoTransrormed I
RupeeaTranarormed Into Nalla Nals NalsHere NailaHere NallaHere
Here is Isa a case which we are assured assuredactual assuredactualY assuredactually
actual actualY actually occurred recently recenty in a district districtin districtin
in the Nqrtljwet NQtlw t Provinces that shall shallbe shal shallbe
be nameless A certain Government Governmentservant Governmentservant Governmentservant
servant by bdefrauding defrauding his Government Governmentand Governmentand Governmentand
and the widow and orphan managed to toamass toamass toamass
amass rzooo 1000 rupees This ThiS he packed packedin
in two boxes and consigned by railway railwayto riway riwayto
to his hi home marked as nails Dais The Therailway Theraiway Therailway
railway raiway bibu got wind wild oi the aflair aflairopened aOalropened aftairopened
opened the boxes and took out the therupees therupee therupee9
rupees putting puting In innalsicconluJ nails nailsaccordhigto according to the thelabel thelabel he helabel
label The package duly arrived arlveJ at attheir attheir aVtheir
their destination destinatonAllaha destinatlonAllahabad Allahabad ad Pioneer PioneerFlorence PioneerFlorence
Florence will wi have a strange celebra celebration celebratlorl celebratfon ¬
tion next May for or the 4ooth 40th anniversary anniversaryol anniveran anniveranof annivcrsarof
of the burning burnlnl of Savonarola Sa vonarola as a a heretic hereticThe heretc heretcTbe hereticThe
The Catholic Catholc clergy cera headed by the theArchbishop theArcbIshop theArchbishop
Archbishop ArcbIshop Cardinal Bausa will wi hold holda holdasolemn
a asolemn solemn religious rclglousSrvlce sirvlce in his honor
I n a N NEWS NEWSJramlatid N EW S SJ STransiat
J
4 4r
Jramlatid Transiat r rulatit d and adS Selected llcl d from hading hadingEurofi J liradingffurog ddil ddilI
I Eurofi Euo tan papers arsor rs for o the Ill IA IAENGLAND SKWTIHKL SKWTIHKLENGLAND SalTlNIU SalTlNIUENGLND
ENGLND ENGLNDTHEDRFls ENGLANDTnuDgvus ENGLAND ENGLANDTHE
THE THEDRFls TnuDgvus DRKVFUS CASE CASKDaily CASEDailv CASEDaiiyCronscteLondon
Daily DaiiyCronscteLondon Chronicle ClroneILndon London Jan 25 asBaron 25Baron 25Baron
Baron von Buelow Secretary Scretaryol of State Statefor Stateor Statefor
for or Foreign Affairs Afairs speaking fpeaklnz with withextreme withextrese withextreme
extrese extreme caution cauton affirmed afrmed in 1 the most mostpositive mostnosltlve mostpositive
positive manner that there had never neverbetn neverbetn neverbeen
been betn relations relatons or connections connecions of any anykin anykin anykin
kin er between beween Dreyfus Dreyfusand Dreyfusand Dreyfusand
and ian representative or orage oraie orage
age aie I But 3ut If Dreylus did didnot didnol didnot
not t secrets to Germany Germanywhi Germanywhl Germanywhi
whi happened One of two twothii twothh twothu
thii thu he sold them to another anothercountry anothercountry anothercountry
country or he did not sell sel them at all allThe al allThe
The most reasonable conclusion concusion to be besifted besifed besifted
sifted sifed Irom the miss of facts and ld rumors rumorsthat rumor rumorsthat
that have been published puhlshed is that there therehas therehas therehas
has been no treachery at all althat allthat that the thewhole thewhole thewhole
whole prosecution was either based basedupon basedupon basedupon
upon a misapprehension in the first firstplace frst frstplace firstplace
place from which the Government had hadnot badnot hadnot
not the he courage couraze to retreat when It lound lounditself loundItelfn founditselfin
itself Itelfn itselfin in error lest thereby it should be besigning beslgninz besigning
signing slgninz its own derth warrant warrantBut warrantDut warrantBut
But the alternative alernatve is that Russia was wasthe wasthe wasthe
the purchaser The reluctance of of the theFrench theFrench theFrench
French Government Goverment to admit this is iseasily Iseaiy Iseasilyunderstood
easily eaiy easilyunderstood understood umieltood for the FrancoRus FrancoRussian FrancoRussian FrancoRussian ¬
sian alliance alance all lance would be destroyed by such sucha
a revelation revelaton of perfidy perfdy and with ith the thealliance thealance thealliance
alliance alance the Meline Melne Ministry would come cometo cometo cometo
to grief irle Whichever alternative alerDative we wechoos wechoos wecboos
choos the act of the Meline Melne Ministry Ministryappears Ministryappears
appears to have been a cowardly one oneas oneas oneas
as well wel as a that worse act which we have havealready havealready havealready
already described descrbed At any rate Baron Baronvon Baronvon Baronvon
von Buelows statement t makes it abso absolute absolutely absolutely ¬
lute lutely impossible for the French Gov Government Government Government ¬
ernment to maintain its attitude atitude of ofsilence ofsience ofsilence
silence sience and secrecy If it I can really reallyprove realy realyprove reallyprove
prove anything against azainst Dreyfus Drefu in the thelight theliht thelight
light liht of day it i must do so now If I It Itdoss Itdos itdoes
doss not produce its proofs at once onceeverybody onceeverybody onceeverybody
everybody will wi b ba perfectly certain that thatit thatIt thatit
it does not possess any anyAfiorning anylornnLondon anyrorninzLondon
Afiorning lornnLondon rorninzLondon London Jan 25 25Doubtless 2 2Doubless scDoubtless
Doubtless Doubless Baron von Buelow shrinks shrinksfrom shrinksfrom shrinksfrom
from the suggestion sUigeston that Germany Germanywould Germanywould Germanywould
would descend to the unfriendly mean meanness meanness meanness ¬
ness of employing a French officer ofcer as a aspy aspy aspy
spy and shrinks shrnks with wih more than ordi ordinary ordlnary ordinary ¬
nary sensitiveness sensitveness because it I is so nec necessary neces neceSSry ¬
essary es ry that suspicion suspicon should fall tal on any anyPower anyPower anyPower
Power but Germany There are people peoplewho peoplewho peoplewho
who say that Russia was the offending offendingPower oUendlg oUendlgPower offendingPower
Power Baron von Buelow would not nothint nothint nothint
hint n suspicion that such is the case caseBut caseBut caseBut
But a little ltte unpleasantness between betweenFrance betweenFranca betweenFraflca
France and Russia Rusia would not be un unprofitable unproftable unprofitable ¬
profitable proftable for Germany The Barons Baronsspeech Baronsspeech Baronsspeech
speech is not quite quie convincing but it is isvery Isverv isvery
very timely timelyDailv timelyDailv timelyDaily
Dailv Mail MailLondon faiLondon London Ian 25 25If 25Ifhe 25lithe
If Ifhe lithe the Dreyfus agitation agItton were taking takingplace taklnr takingplace
place in any country but France it itwould I itwould
would be safe to prophesy revolution revolutionAs revoluton revolutonAs
As it is even the Ministry there may maysurvive maysurvive maysurvive
survive M Zola Zolas popularity is not of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the order to successfully successluly contend against againstthe againstth againstthe
the th enduring eDdurln passion for or Jew baiting baitingAnd baiing baiingAnd baitingAnd
And the Government has shown that it itdoes Itdoes itdoes
does not intend to let any issues be beraised beraised beraised
raised except such as it i is sure ure to win winon winon winon
on In England antiSemitism antSemItsm seldom seldomgets seldomrets seldomgets
gets rets beyond disowned electon electon litera literature ltera lteratureas liceratureas ¬
ture tureas as at Plymouth but in France as asthe asthe asthe
the popularity of M A Drumonts book bookproved bookproved bookproved
proved it i is a real farce farcePall farcePallal farcePall
Pall Pallal Mall Gazelle GazllltLn GazeUeLondon London on Jan 35 35M 2 2M sM
M Meline Melne has got his majority of ofnearly ofnearl ofnearly
nearly nearl three to one and we suppose he heis heIs heis
is happy now Chose Chosejugee jufte honor honorof honorof honorof
of the heads of the army all al those thosewho thosewho thosewho
who love France Franceand and there you are areGreat areGreat areGreat
Great is I the power of phrases when whenwhen whenwhen whenwhentheyJump
when whentheyJump they Jump with wih prejudices There Therewil Therewi Therewill
wil wi will be people who will wi say that the theChamber theChamber theChamber
Chamber is I at any rate as Impartial Impartal a atribunal atrbunal atribunal
tribunal trbunal as any which baa ba had to do with withthe wih wihthe withthe
the Dreyfus matter mater and there ther are areFrenchmen areFrencbmeaa areFrenchmens
Frenchmen Frencbmeaa a majority malorly apparently apparentlywho npparenty npparentywho apparentlywho
who would take that as an all al around aroundcompliment aroundcomplment aroundcompliment
compliment complment But there is i no getting gettingover ietlni gettingover
over the t e question put by M 1 Jaures ol olail 01ni ofall
ail ni people Was Wa there a document at atthe atthe atthe
the trial tral not communicated to Dreyfus Dreyfusor
or his counsel counsel Yes or no Dreyluss Dreyiussalleged Dreylussaleged Dreylussalleged
alleged aleged confession afterwards aferwards aflerwardsand and all al the therest tberest therest
rest are mere irn tm levancies levances But M MMeline 1 MMeline
Meline Melne declines to say Yes or No the theDreyfus theDreyfus theDreyfus
Dreyfus case cannot be discussed from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the tribune That is reserved for evasive evasiveYeses evasiveYees evasiveYeses
Yeses Yees to questions questons about the declara declaration declaraUon declaration
tion of Captain Rey Reynaud naud Justice must musttake musttake musttake
take its Is chance chanceGaxette chanceGazelWestmlnster chanceGaxetieWestminster
Gaxette GazelWestmlnster Westminster Jan 25 25We 25We s slYe
We should not be surprised If the theDreylus theDreylus theDreylus
Dreylus affair afair ltd before it was wa over to toan toan toan
an outcry in inFrance France against England EnglandM En land landM
M Zola Zol has ha asked aked Mrs Crawford Craworc in the theDaily tbeDail theDaily
Daily Dail News to convey his thanks to his hisEnglish blsEnKlsh hisEnglish
English EnKlsh friends frends for their assistance asistance in insending InSendlDi Insending
sending SendlDi him the thelames thenatnes names ol English Englsh graph graphologists grapholOKlsts graphologists ¬
ologists Thanks to his English cor correspondent correspondent correspondent ¬
respondent tie has now Gtot ot everything everythinghe
he wants He has ha the pleasantest pleasantestrecollections pleasantestrLcoUectons pleasantestrecollections
recollections rLcoUectons of ofbls his visit to London but butthe butthe butthe
the sympathy and helpful Information Informationhe Informaton Informatonhe
he has just received from England has hasunited hasunited hasunited
united him by lasting lastnl ties tes of sympathy sympathywith sympathywib sympathywith
with wib that thatireat great nation naton H Here ere is obvious obviousmaterial obviousmaterial obviousmaterial
material for those whose business bu lness It Is Isto Isto isto
to Insist that M Dreylus was prcptrly prcptrlyconvicted preprlyconvicted praperlyconvicted
convicted As we have pointed out it itis ItIs itis
is only a small smal section In France which whichis whih whihIs whichis
is with M Zola In thIs matter mater and now nowM nowM nowM
M Zola is Isnctualv actually found acting acing in con consultation consiUaton conSsultation ¬
sultation siUaton with wih English Eorlsh sympathizes sympathizesGlobe sympathiesl sympathieslGlo sympathizersGlobeLondon
Globe Glo GlobeLondon eLondon London Jan 25 25Herr 2 2Her 25Herr
Herr Her Von Bulows words cannot be bekept bekept bekept
kept from the readers reader of Frenh news newspapers newspapers newspapers
papers and M M1elne Meline may expect them themto themto themto
to be made the subject of inquiry in inParliament inParliament inParliament
Parliament Will VI VLll he refuse to answer answeror answeror answeror
or give the lie direct to the German GermanMinister GermanMiister GermanMinister
Minister Miister In cither eiher case he will wi convince convinceno
no one He is In a dilemma diemma from which whichhe whichhe whichhe
he cannot escape Either Biher Captain Drey Dreyfus Dreyfus Dreyus ¬
fus us was condemned without wihout cause or orhis orhis orhis
his treachery trechery was committed commited lot the thebenefit thebeneft thebenefit
benefit beneft of oCaaoter ofanother another Power than than Germany GermanyThe Gemny GemnyThe GermanyThe
The latter lator is I the tCe theexplanatl explanation planatl n which is iscoming IscQting IsComing
coming cQting to be more morc and more JO io centrally centrallyaccepted generally9epted eneralv eneralva
accepted a epted If I a Russian Ru lan sjf qfQ agnL ntws WI was the
instigator 1stlrator or accomplice accomplce the nervous nervousness nervousness nervousness ¬
ness of the French Government Goverment is sum sufficiently suf sumcientiy ¬
ciently cienty explained But the truth be it itwhat Itwhat itwhat
what it may can hardly be kept from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the country much longer longerGuardian longerGuardianManchester longerGuardianManchester
Guardian GuardianManchester Manchester Jan 26 26After 26Afer a6After
After Afer the speeches of M Is Meline on onSaturdaj onaturda onbaturda
aturda Saturdaj and on Monday there is no nodoubt nodoubt nodoubt
doubt that the Government is resolved resolvedat
at any cost to burke inquiry into the theDreyfus theDreyfus theDreyfus
Dreyfus scandal sandal and if it I stakes its is ex exis exis cxis
is encc elce on concealing conceall an illegal iegal act done donein donein doneIn
in 1894 J84 it will wi certainly not scruple to toresort toreurt toresort
resort to every bort ort of trick or evasion evasionto evasronto evasionto
to defeat defeat M Zla next month monthEvening montbEvetnz monthEvening
Evening Evetnz News NewsManchester Manchester Jan 25 25If 25If 25If
If there is any foundation for the thecharges thecharies thecharges
charges charies of treachery for which Dreylus Dreyluswas Dreyluswas Dreytuswas
was sent to penal servitude serviude it seems seemsnow seemsnow seemsnow
now established establshed that the other party in inthe Inthe intIietransaction
the the tIietransaction transaction transacton will wi have to be sought soughtfor souxhtor soughtfor
for or outside Germany A good iood many manyshrewd man manshrewd manyshrewd
shrewd critics crtc have declared decared that it Is Isto Istowards IstowardsSt
to towards towardsSt wards St Petersburg and not towards towardsBerlin towardsBerln towardsBerlin
Berlin Berln that the eyes eye of Inquirers should shouldbe sbouldbe shouldbe
be turned But if if that idea once gets getsfixed Iets Ietsfed getsfiled
fixed fed In the imagination of patriotic patrioticFrenchmen patrotlc patrotlcFrenchmen patrioticFrenchmen
Frenchmen what is i to become ot the thebeautiful thebeautiful thebeautiful
beautiful Franco Russiaa alliance about aboutwhich aboutwhich aboutwhich
which they have been so profoundly profoundlystirred profoundlystrred profoundlystirred
stirred strred I
CHINA CINA AND THE POWERS POWERSTimes POWBRSTimesLondon POWERSTinesLondon
Times TimesLondon London Jan 26 26Our 26Our 26Our
Our tender tenderof of financial fnancal aid to China is ismade Ismade ismade
made upon certain political poltcal conditions conditionsSo condiions condiionsSo
So it i may be assumed pretty rety safeh is isany Isany isany
any similar simiar tender from other quarters quartersBut quartersBut IUarles IUarlesBut
But the conditions upon which we are areready areread areready
ready read V to make the advance are mani manifestly manilesty manifestly ¬
festly lesty to the advantage and not to the thedetriment thedetriment thedetriment
detriment of ohe the Chinese Chiese Empire All Allthat AUthat Allthat
that we desire to secure by it Itis is Ireedom Ireedomof
of trade tradeand trade1and and trade as even the more moreIntelligent moreInte1zent moreintelligent
Intelligent Inte1zent ol the Cbtne Crunee Chinese e officials ofcials must musthave musthave musthave
have begun to see blesses him that buys buysand buysand buysand
and him that sells sels to say nothing nothig ol the theGovernment theGovernment theGovernment
Government which derives dtrlves customs customsirom cuslomsrrom customsiroin
irom both With Wih this end we ask askChina askChma askChina
China to open certain ports to refrain refrainirom refrin refrinIrom refrainfrom
irom alienating alenatn a portion porton of her domin dominion dOQ11nIon doq2InIon ¬
ion which there fas i not the least reason reasonto reasonto reasonto
to suppose that thatshe she can wish to alienate alienateand ahenateand alienateand
and to sanction sancton the construction of an animportant anImportant animportant
important commercial railway raiway Are Arethose Arethose Arethose
those the sort of conditions conditons on which whichRussia whichRussia whichRussia
Russia or indeed any other European EuropeanPower EuropeanPower EuropeanPower
Power is in the least likely Ikel to come to tothe totbe tothe
the financial fnancal assistance of ofChina China Ntor Natoriously Ntoriously Ntoriously
iously they are not The aim of Russia Russiais
is of efnecessity necessity necessiy territorial teritorial acquisition acquisiton and andnot nndnot andnot
not commercial expansion expansionWe 4 4We I IWe
We want Chinese trade and Russia Russiawants Russiawants Russiawants
wants Chinese provinces China must mustborrow mustborrow mustborrow
borrow Irom one or the other and she shewill shewIl shewill
will wIl give a certain diplomatic dIplomatc ad advantage advantageto vantage vantagelo
to the creditor credivr whom she selects selectsIt select
It I is for China to choose between the thetwo thetwo thetwo
two prospects thus opened out to her herWe herWe herWe
We cannot do more than see that she shehas sbehas shehas
has a lair opportunity opportuniy of making her herelection hI herelection r relecton
election electon Iree from menace and unfair unfairpressure unfairpressure unfairpressure
pressure We Ve cannot impose a benefit benefiton beneft benefton benefiton
on her bv force If I she deliberately deliberatelyrejects delberately delberatelyrejects deliberatelyrejects
rejects it we shall regret re ret her decision decisionand decsion decsionand decisionand
and keep firmly frmly and steadily to the path pathwe pathwe pathwe
we have resolved to tread treadStandard treadSiandardLndon treadStandardLndon
Standard SiandardLndon London Jan 26 26A 26A 26A
A good deal will wi depend upon the thesagacity tbesaaaciy thesagacity
sagacity saaaciy of the Mandarins Mandarns In estimating estimatingaright estmatng estmatngariht estImatIngaright
aright ariht the comparative comparatve value ol the thetwo thetwo thetwo
two sets of arguments arsument ad ressed to tothem tothem tothem
them Russia it i would appear appeals appealsto
to vague fears of contingent contngent unfriendli unfriendliness unfriendl unfriendliness ¬
ness Germany has obtained obtined the lease leaseofKIaoChou leaseof leaseofKiaoChou
ofKIaoChou of KlaoChou on the thetermsdesieed terms desired and andhas andhas andhas
has exacted from the Chinese Govern Government Government Government ¬
ment overt overtacts acts of reparation reparaton for the thewrongs thewrODis thewrongs
wrongs inflicted Infcted on the tie missionaries missionarieswhich missionarieswhich missionarieswhich
which must facilitate facliate the growth ol olGerman 01German ofGerman
German influence in Shantung II it ithas Ithas ithas
has been agreed in Berlin Berln that the port portwhich portwhih portwhich
which whih has now been occupied and over overwhich overwhich iwerwhich
which the flag of the Fatherland la l to tofloat tofoat tofloat
float foat Is s to be opened op ned to the unshackled unshackledtrade unshackledtrade unshackledtradeofihe
trade tradeofihe of the world the end which the theBritish theBritsh theBritish
British Britsh Government have defined defned as the thedetermining thedetermining thedetermining
determining factor in their policy polcy has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been so far attained ataied and the mer merchants merchants flierchants ¬
chants of Hamburg Hamburl and Bremen in inavailing inavaln inavaliin
availing avaln themselves of o the fresh oppor opportunity opportuniy opportunity
tunity tuniy for displaying their sterling sterlng spirit spiritot spiri
ot enterprise can count upon the thehearty thehearty thehearty
hearty good will wIl of oftheir their friendly frle ndly rivals rivalsat rivalsat rivalsat
at London and Liverpool LiverpoolDaily LiverpoolDaily LiverpoolDaily
Daily Teleeraph T TelegraphLondon esra kLondon London Jan 26 26Great 26Great a6Great
Great Britain Briain would only have been beentoo beentoo beentoo
too content with wih the maintenance of the thestatus theJlafllgu thetas
status Jlafllgu tas quo in China but buteents events made It Itnecessary Itteesarv Itcecessary
necessary teesarv to assert explicitly explCItly that it i the theexisting theexisting 1 1exlstnz
existing exlstnz condition conCltlon of things thln s were dis disturbed disturbed I Iturbed
turbed we should claim clam lor ourselves nil nilthe al allthe
the advantages conceded to others othersWhatever olbersWhatever othersWhatever
Whatever form this compensation compensationmay compensaton compensatonmay compensationmay
may ultimately ulimately assume assumt the principle principlewill princple princplewi principlewill
will wi be adhered to at all al costs There Thereis ThereIs Thereis
is nothing nothig in this thispolicy policy polcy that Is selfish selfishstill selfsh selfshstl selfishstill
still stl less can it I be described as menac menacing menacIng inenacIng ¬
ing To o say that we WI shall shal protect our ourlegitimate ourleltmate ourlegitimate
legitimate leltmate and acknowledged acknowed ed interests interestswith interest interestswith
with all al the resources at our ourdispsal disposal dlsp sal is isto Isto isto
to utter uter a truism but in politics poltcsespec poltcsespeclaly politicsespec politicsespecially espec especially ¬
ially laly in foreign forelil politics politIcIt politicsit it Is sometimes sometimesexpedient sometmes sometmesexpedient sometimesexpedient
expedient to emphasize even a plat plattude plat platitude
tude We refuse to believe beleve that any anyPower anyPower anyPower
Power or Powers will wi deny the right righteousness rliht rlihteousness righteousness ¬
eousness of our claim clalma a claim made in inthe inthe Inthe
the name of ofalland all aland and so long lon as we are arenot arenot arenot
not challenged chalenged we shall shal challenge chalenge none noneDaily noneDail noneDaily
Daily Dail Mail AfaiLondon London Jan 26 26Whether 26Whether a6Whether
Whether our fleet feet in I Chinese waters is isquite isquie isquite
quite quie as big bli as it might be or not notwhether notwhether notwhether
whether St Petersburg Peersburg thinks we are areonly areonly areonly
only talking talklnz or Berlin Berln supposes we shall shallback shal shallback
back down the world had
better beter under understand understand understand ¬
stand at once that Great Britain has hasfinally basfnaly hasfinally
finally fnaly spoken and will wi act upon the thespoken thespoken thespoken
wordE wordEcotondon
spoken word wordEcho
Echo E Ecotondon hoLondon London Ian 26 26The 26The s6The
The Chinese Government is Isonce once again againnegotiating alai agal agalnegotiating
negotiating negotiatng with wih Russia Rusia for a loan and andFrance andFrance andFrance
France is said to be ready to find fDd the themoney themoney themoney
money Our OurGovernment Government Goverment was unwilling unwillingto un wiing wiingto
to negotiate negotate before until unt a newspaper newspaperagitation newspaperagiation newspaperagitation
agitation agiation compelled compeJed them When they theytook tbeytook theytook
took the matter mater up they Insisted on two twonew twonew twonew
new treaty ports which could only have havebeen havebeen havebeen
been intended to irritate Russia and andFrance andFrance andFrance
France They have succeeded in this thisand thisand thisand
and possibly pOSibly In transferring translerrlni the Chinese Chineseloan Chinee Chineeloan Chineseloan
loan to Russian Rusian and French financiers financiersAnd fnancer financiersAnd
And this is called aled diplomacy All Al we wecan wecan wecan
can say sy is this ths that if I a clerk in an anhouse anbouse anhouse
house in the city ctv were were wereto to do his business
as badly as this Government does the theEmpires theEmpires theEmpires
Empires business he would be dis dismissed dlsmissed dismissed ¬
missed at an hours notice noticeTUB notIceTUB noticeTim
TUB Tim DMCOVERY OF IRELAND IRELANDTo IRELDToforrow IRELQiDToMorrow
To ToMorrow ToforrowIreland ToMorrowIreland Morrow MorrowIreland
Ireland is and has been for centuiies centuiiesa
a land of contrasts Incongruities Incongruitiesabound Incongruites Incongruitesabound IncongruItiesabound
abound In our institutions Insttutons as inconse inconsequences Inconsequences Inconsequences ¬
quences do in our speech and strangers strangershave strangershave strangershave
have told us so often olen that such things thingsare thingsar thingsare
are ar products ol our nature that we welisping weJspini welisping
lisping Jspini their language have repeated repeatedtheir repeatedtheIr repeatedtheir
their words until unt we hall hal believe beleve them themtrue themtrue themtrue
true closing cosin2 our eyes to the fact act that thatwhat thatwhat thatwhat
what Is absurd in our customs is caused causedbyourhavmc causedby causedby
by byourhavmc our haVl1 liavmi but hall hal assimilated assimiated the themanners themanners themanners
manners ofthe of the alien alen people who domi dominated domlnated dominated ¬
nated us and that what Is ridiculous in inourspeech Inour inourspeechcornes
our ourspeechcornes ourspeech speech comes from fromourclumsy our clumsy cumsy use of ofthe oCthe ofthe
the idiom which whih has supplanted our ourmother ourmcther ourmcther
mcther tongue ton ue la truth neither neiher mis misgovernment mlsgovernment misgovernment
government nor mispronunciation mispronuncaton are areindigenous areIndigenous areIndigenous
indigenous to Celticsoil Celtcson Perhaps pov poverty povertyand poverty ¬
erty ertyand and misfortune might have been as asunknown asunknCwn asunknown
unknown unknCwn in Ireland had the Saxon not notolanted nft nftolanted notulanted
olanted his foot in the land as r Irish Irishbulls Irishbuls Irishbulls
bulls buls would have been If if we had retained retainedour retamedour retainedour
our language but speculations speculatons on the theunhappened theunhappened theunhappened
unhappened past are Idle it I is long longsince longsince longsince
since the Saxon came and It I has long longbeen longbeen longbeen
been clear cear that he came to stay When Whenhe Whenbe Whenhe
he swept the country as a conqueror conquerornone conquerornone conquerornone
none could blame us for resisting resistng him himwhile himwhie himwhile
while whie he remained an oppressor none nonecould nonecould nonecould
could expect pxpect us to do other than hate hateand hateand hateand
and thwart him but now when our ourforeign ourforelin ourforeign
foreign governor goveror seems disposed to tochange tochange tochange
change his Ils role and inclined Inclned lo 0 attempt attemptour atpmpt atpmptour attemptour
our subjugation subjugaron by kindness klnCness refusal of ofhis ofIs ofhis
his proffered profered aid may seem mere m r per perverse perverse perverse ¬
verse spite spie and one can imagine the thewhole thewhole thewhole
whole English Englsh press chorusing forth forthcries forthcries forthcries
cries I to o gods and men to witness winess that we welire weie wetre
lire ie the most impossible impo slble people on the theface theface thelace
face of othe the earth if ifwe we reject the penan penances penances penances ¬
ces found for us usYears usears I IYears
Years ears ot storm and stress ol lamine lamineand lamlneand tamineand
and cruel crufl partings partngs have torn tor from us usmuch usmuch usmuch
much of poetry the gaiety aletv and the old oldtime oldtme oldtime
time tme simplicity simplcity which once were ours oursThe ous ousThe oursThe
The woodman has not spared our forests foreststhe foreststhe foreststhe
the bailiff bailf has destroyed our homes but butIreland butIrelaud butIreland
Ireland is still stl a land ol restful peace and andof andof
of beauty If lithe the lat of our traditions traditionsmust tradiions tradiionsmust traditionsmust
must vanish if I the airy lair ring is to be trod trodden trodden trodden ¬
den under loot ofthe oC the hurrying crowd crowdcan crowdcan crowdcan
can it not be for some worthy end The Theplayground Theplayground Theplayground
playground ol Europe Ireland can never neverbe neverbe neverbe
be The storm vexed Atlantic which whichlashes whichlashes whichlashes
lashes our shore the rain clouds couds u Inch Inchroll 11ch 11chrol hichroll
roll rol down our mountain mountai sides save us usfrom usfrom usfrom
from that thatj but as s long as we have the thegood thegood thegood
good sens sense and the thegood good taste to remain remainas remain remainas
as we are ar < our country countr shall always be bea bea bea
a pleasure ground of these whose pleas pleasure pleasure pleasure ¬
ure is worth ministering mlnlsterlnr to Cheap Cheapfares Cheapfares Cheapfares
fares vulgar pastimes pastmes good cooking cookingeven cookingeven cookingeven
even will wi not draw crawa a thousand more moretourists moretourists moretourists
tourists in the 11e year to our island iland and it itwould Itwould itwould
would be well wel for them if i hotel keepers keepersand k kcepersand epers epersand
and development associations realized realizedthis realzed realzedtbis realizedthis
this fact act Dublin Dubln is a charming city citybut cItybut citybut
but the th tripper who delights delghts in restau restaurants restaurants restaurants ¬
rants and music halls hals prefers Brussels Brusselsand Brusselsand Brusselsand
and it would be as unavailing unavailpg for the thedwellers thedwelers thedwellers
dwellers dwelers by the Anna iJfTy 1lfy to attempt attemptto atempt atemptto
to outrival the Belgian capital capial as a tit titwould 1itwould i
would be for Kingstown Kigstown to vie with withDieppe wih wihDleppe withDieppe
Dieppe or Bray Dry with wih Eastbourne Easibure On Onthe Onthe Onthe
the other hand if we preserve what we wehave wehave wehave
have neither neiher restoring restorlnr nor improving improvingbut improvig improvingbut
but keeping keepli fast hold of it i we may hope hopefor hopefor hopefor
for an influx of strangers who while whileadding whie whileadding I Iadding
adding to our scanty hoards ol gold will willbring wi willbring I Ibring
bring us treasure as welcome welome in honest honestfriendship I Ifriendship
friendship friendshipMAIRIAGE friendshipMAIRIAGE friendshipMVtRIAGR
MAIRIAGE MAIRIAGE AND ND MORALS MORALSDaily MORALSDailv MORALSDa14
Daily News NewJLondon London Jan 27 27Ladies 27Ladles 27Ladies
Ladies are becoming so learned and andadvanced andadvanced andadvanced
advanced that male comment must fol follow follow follow ¬
low behind behid with a basket to pick up the thefragments thefragments thefragments
fragments of institutions irsttutons which are left leftHere lef leftHere
Here forexi mple is Mrs rs Mona Cairds CairdsMorality CalrdsMoralty CairdsMorality
Morality Moralty of Marriage larrlaie Redway The Thework Thework Thework
work opens with wih the startling star tng remark remarkFear remarkFear remarkFear
Fear the ruling rulng motive motve of primitive primitiveworship primitve primitveworship primitiveworship
worship With my body I Ihee wor worship worship worship ¬
ship says the bridegroom brlderroom in the mar marriage marrlage marniage
riage service and anI we are perfectly perfecty ready readyto readyto readyto
to grant that the married mans worship worshipof worshipolbis
of olbis his wile wie Is commonly associated associted with withear wllhtear withlear
tear ear In quite quie a I primitive primitve way He has hasus hasus tinsas
us Mr fr Stevenson says domesticated domestcated the theRecording theRecording theRecording
Recording Angel and the recording recordingAngel recordln recordlnAngel recordingI
I Angel in the House is an awlul awlulthough awlulthough awfulthough
though salutary presence However Howeverthis Howeverthis Howeverthis
this Is a modern moder development We Ve at atonce atonce atoucejoin
once oucejoin join issue with wib Mrs Calrd as to fear fearbeing rearbeing fearbeing
being the ruling rulng motive motve of worship with withour wih wihour withour
our untutored ancestors ancestorsMrs ancestorsMrs ancestorsMrs
Mrs Calrd is nearer to modern moder level levelwhen levelwhen levelwhen
when she remarks on kinship kiship having havingbeen havingbeen havingbeen
been at early enry periods reckoned through throughvomen throughNomen throughwomen
women Smith weds Miss Brown the thechildren thechidren thechildren
children chidren are Browns Among certain certainbcotch certai certainsctch
bcotch ctch fisher fsher folk now if i John Smith Smithmarries Smih SmihmUres Smithm4rries
marries mUres Miry Brown his name becomes becomesJohn becomesJohn becomesJohn
John Smith Smih Brown though we believe believethe bpleve bplevetbe believethe
the children chidren are counted as Smiths Smihs But Butwe Butwe Butwe
we must not hastily hasty conclude concude that where wherechildren wherechldren wherechildren
children chldren follow folow the mother women in inthe intbc inthe
the old phrase rule the roast The TheAustralians TheAustralans TheAustralians
Australians Australans or some of them have havefemale havefemale havefemale
female kinship but the women are ex excluded excluded exchided ¬
cluded from the great religious relgious services servicesas
as rigidly as Irom Columban monastic monasticestablishments monasticestablishments
monstc monstcestablshments
establishments establshments There is little ltle doubt doubthowever doubthowever doubthowever
however from documents that in inancient inancent inancient
ancient ancent Egypt at one time tme the wife was waslegally wasleialy waslegally
legally leialy very independent On the whole wholehowever wholehowever wholehowever
however through polygamy polvzamy and the thepatriarchal thepatrJarhal thepatriarhal
patriarchal system and improving mor morality moralty morality ¬
ality alty man soon loon began to think he knew knewhis knewhis knewhis
his own children chidren rather a compliment complimentthan complment complmentthan complimentthan
than otherwise to woman and to rule rulehis rulebis rulehis
his own hut or house I I Real Realfreedom Realfreedom Realfreedom
freedom in the home or anywhere anywher else elsewe elsewe elsewe
we shall shal never have Man or woman womanwill womanwi womanwill
will wi rule in eath case and being bping sen sensible sensible sensible ¬
sible they adopt whatever compromise compromiseseems compromiseseems compromiseseems
seems easiest Many a woman makes makesher makesher makesher
her brute ol a husband live lve in London Londonmanv Londonman Londonmane
mane man a brute of a husband makes his hisbeautiful hisbeautful hisbeautiful
beautiful beautful intellectual Intelectual wife live lve in the thehorrid theborrid thehorrid
horrid country trhere here there are no cop copcerts COIcerl copcerts
certs cerl shops ladles clubs cub society or oranything oranytluni oranytliingworth
anything anytluni anytliingworth worth existing existng existingfor lor The early earlyChristian earlyChrltan earlyChristian
Christian Chrltan estimate estmate of woman says Mrs MrsCalrd Mr MmCaird
Calrd regarded her as the agent ofthe ofthedevil of the thedevi thedevil
devil devi let loose among men for their theirdestruction theirdestructon theirdestruction
destruction destructon This hls of course is notor notoriously notorlously notoriously ¬
iously the theory of the Gospels In a alittle altte alittle
little ltte parable Mrs Calrd conveys her heropinions beropinons heropinions
opinions opinons A negro remonstrated with withsome wih wihsome withsome
some one who had thrown him into a ariver ariver ariver
river You see what you do You Youdrown Voudrown YoudrownMassas
drown drownMassas Massas Massas black nigger nlrger The par parallel paralal parallel ¬
allel alal is tht tht matron who says to a soup
Irant What right have I ever given givenyou givenyou I Iyou
you to suppose that I should be lax in inprotecting I inprotecting
protecting protectng my husbands honor We Wedo Wedo Ve Vedo
do not knotv kno > whether ladies usually ulualy say
this in the circumstances clr umstancei though in innovelettes innoveletes innovelettes
novelettes noveletes it is very probable that thlt they
do Perhaps they think of their own ownhonor ownhonor ownhonor
honor their husbands liusbandsto to whom absurd absurdas
as it seems many ol them are attached attachedtheir atached atachedtheir attachedtheir
their children chidren the discomlorts which whichstill whih whihstl whichstill
still stl attend atend open adultery adulery and a lew lewother lewother fewother
other things not included incuded in the nnrable nnrableot
ot the negro nerro Woman as a rule knows knowswhen knowswhen knowswhen
when she is well wel ofT of Any liberty libertywhich lberty lbertywhich libertywhich
which allows alows man to go away when he helikes helkes helikes
likes lkes while whie woman shares the same samerefreshing samerefreshing samerefreshing
refreshing privilege priviege will wi be mightily mightly in inconvenient mconvenient inconvenient ¬
convenient for woman womanA womanA womanA
A DROWNED CONTINENT CONTINKNTffnnwtedge CONTINENTlflede COITrNENTAs
ffnnwtedge ffnnwtedgeAs lflede lfledeAs
As many of o our readers are doubtless doubtlessaware doubtlessaware doubtlessaware
aware deep deep > boring opernti operRts ns are being beingundertaken beInguldert beingundertacen
undertaken uldert in the island land ol Funafuti in inthe 1 inthe
jen FUOlul
the Ellfce Elfce Ellice group ot Polynesia Polynllil with the theprimary theprmary theprimary
primary prmary object of ascertaining nlcertainln ascertsinln the depth depthto depthto
to which coral rock or llnestoneof I II Ct9tone ciestone of coral coralorigin coralorigin coralorigin
origin extends If I it I were found that thatsuch thatsuch thatsuch
such coral made mnd mnteri mlteri LI extended fxtended to todepths todtpths toltpths
depths dtpths far below the level at which living livingcoral lvig lvigcorl livingcoral
coral exist there would be
corl can evidence evidencethat eVIdencethat evidenceflint
that the island on which whih the experiment experimentwas experimen
was WiS conducted had subsided subided And If Ifsubsidence ifsubsidence ifsubsidence
subsidence were thus proved to have havetaken havetaken havetaken
taken place in a single island selected selectedalmost selectedalmost sslectedalmost
almost at a random the conclusion concusion could couldhardly couldhardly couldhardly
hardly be resisted thAt the th greater great reahu part partif partifnot Q QIf
if ifnot not the whole of Polynesia must be belikewise belkewIse belikewise
likewise lkewIse a subsiding srbsiding area or in other otherwords oherwordR oberwords
words the remnants of a drowned con contmentsome contmentsome continentsome
tmentsome of the higher lands oi which whichare whichare whichare
are indicated Indiated by the atolls atols and andother andother andother
other islands of the Cot i2oial at Sea It I is istherefore Istherefore istherefore
therefore a favorable opportunity opportuniy for a afew afew afew
few words in regard re ard to the permanence permanenceor
or otherwise of the great oceanic basins basinsand basinsand basinsand
and continental contnental areas area of the th globe Iobe This Thissubject ThIssubject Thissubject
subject It need needscarcely scarcely sCacely be besaid said has hal not notnily notnlv notonly
only an Intense and absorbing interest ol olits 01is ofits
its is oun ounfor for it is difficult difcult lor anyone anyoneexcept Rnyoneexcept any one oneexcept
except a geologist to fully fuly realize realze that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the solid sold ground on which he stands standsmay standsmay standsmay
may have been buried fathoms deep deepbeneath deepbeneath deepbeneath
beneath the water waterbut but is also one ofthe oftheutmost ofhe ofheutmost of the theutmost
utmost importance in I regard to many manypuzzline manypuzzln manypuzzling
puzzling puzzln problems connected with the thepresent thepresent thepresent
present and past geographical distribu distribution dlsrlbuton distribution ¬
tion ton of ofterrestrial terrestrial terestrial animals and plants on onthe onthe
the surface of oftlie the globe globeAlthough globeAlthough globeAlthough
Although it might well wel have been beenthought beenthougbt beenthought
thought that opinion in matters scienti scientific scent scientific ¬
fic fc would be unlikely unlkely to veer suddenly suddenlyround suddenlyround suddenlyround
round and after afer tending strongly in one onedirection onedirecton onedirection
direction directon incline Iclne with equal force in the theone theone theone
one Immediately opposite opposie yet YI l there are arefew arefew arefew
few instances where the swing of the thependulum thependulum thependulum
pendulum ol opinion opinon to one side has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been more swiftly swity followed folowed by Us Is oscil oscillation oscl oscillation ¬
lation laton to the th other than has been the thecase thecase thecase
case in the problem of the permanency permanencyof
of continents contnent and oceans When geology geologyfirst geologyfrst geologyfirst
first frst began to take rank among the th exact exactsciences exactscences exactsciences
sciences and it was demonstrated that thatmost thatmost thatmost
scences
most of the shells shels and other fossils fosis foundIn found foundIn foundin
In the solid sold rock of many of our conti continents contInents continents ¬
nents aud islands were of marine marne origin originit
it was a natural naturl if hasty conclusion clncluslon that thatland thatland thatland
land and sea had been perpetually perpetuallychanging perpetualy perpetualychangln perpetuallychanging
changing places and that what is now nowthe nowthe nowthe
the centre of a acoltlnentmlghtcompara acoltlnentmlghtcomparalvely acotinentmIghtcomparalively continent might compara comparatively ¬
lively lvely recently recenty have been an ocean abyss abyssAccordingly abyssAccordlglv abyssAccordingly
Accordingly Accordlglv when any difficulty dIfculty In find finding fnd fndIng findlag ¬
ing an adequate explanation explanaton In regard regardto
to the geographical geo raphial distribution distributon of the theanimals theanimals theanimals
animals or plants of two or more conti continents cont continents ¬
nents or islands occurred the aid of an anAtlantis anAtlanls anAtlantis
Atlantis Atlanls or a Lemuria was at atlnce atlnceInvoked once onceinvoked onceinvoked
invoked without wihout misgiving and a athus Fj Fjthus J Jthus
thus indicated idicated across which whih the th inhuo inhuoHants inhnDHanfs inhanitants
Hants of one isolated area could easily easilyhave easiy easiyhave easilyhave
have passed to another anotherAs anotherAs I IAs
As the result ot the tle boring borig it appears appearsthen appearsthen appearsthen
then that there is a possibility P08lbity that the thecommunity thecommunity thecommunity
community between the ti South Amen American Amerlcan Amencan ¬
can and Australasian faunas may admit admitol admi admitol
ol being explained by means ol a direct directline directlne directline
line lne connection connecton between the two areas areasat Breasat areasat
at a comparatively comparatvely recent geological geologicaldate geolo geologicaldate ial ialdate
date Even however il i this explana explanation explanaton explanation ¬
tion ton receive future support and ac acceptation acreptatlon acceptation ¬
ceptation reptatlon there are as in I all al similar similarcases simiar simiarcases similarcases
cases still sti many man difficulties dIfculties with wih which whichto whichto whichto
to contend One On ot these is the practical practicalabsence i iabsence I Iabsence
absence of all al nonvolant nonvllant mammals mammalsfrom mammalsfrom l
from Polynesia with the exception excepton ot otthe 01the ofthe
the Solomon group arOlp where a few cus cuscuses cuscuses cuscuses
cuses and and rats are found But Butthe Butthe Butthe
the case of the Wet Indies Indiewhere Indiewherethere Indieswhere Indieswherethere where wherethere
there is every probability probabiity that there was wasformerly waslormerlya wasformerly
formerly lormerlya a large mammalii n fauna the themajority themajoriy themajority
majority majoriy of which were drowned by bysubmergence bysubmerencemay bysubmergencemay
submergence submerencemay may very ver likely lkely afford affordthe aford afordthe aflbrdthe
the solution ot the difficulty difcuay Worms Wormsand Wormsand Vorm Vormand
and slugs would probably find fnd means of ofsurvival oCsurvival ofsurvival
survival in circumstances where whee mam mammalian mammalnn mainmnhlnn ¬
malian malnn life le would disappear This ex explanation explanatoc explanatlon ¬
planation planatoc will wi however clearly clerly not notapply notapply notapply
apply In the case of ofew > ew Znland where whereif whereIfmammals whereifmammnls
if mammals had ever existed their re remains remnins remains ¬
mains would almost almot certainly certaily have been beendiscovered beendiscov beendiscovered
discovered discov red It must mlst be assumed then thenthat thenthatl thenthat
that thatl il Polynesia PolyneIa was W S the route rute by which whichthe whichthe whichthe
the faunas of Australia and Patagonia Patagoniawere Pata Patagoniawere onl3 onl3were
were formerly connected New Zeaand Zeaandwas Zeaandwas Zeaandwas
was at that time isolated And nd indeed indeedseeing Indeedseein Indeedseeing
seeing seein that the hypothetical hY > othelcal land con connection connecton connection
nection necton between the tlt areas in question questionmust queston questonmust questionmust
must have existed at a comparatively comparativelylate compuatvell
late epoch it is I most likely lkely that the theancient theancen theancient
ancient t Polynesian land was already alreadybroken alreadybroken alreadybroken
ancen
broken up to a considerable extent into intoIslands Ito ItoIsland intoislands
Islands and archipelagos archipelaSo so that the themain themain themain
main line lne of connection connecton may have been beenbut beenbut beenbut
but narrow nlrrow and from time tme to time tme in interrupted interrupted interrupted
terrupted Indeed it must almost of ofnecefsity ofnecefity ofnecefsity
necefsity necefity have been but incomplete and andol andof andof
of short duration duraton after the Introduction Introductionof introucton
of modern mOller forms formsof ol life Ile as asotherwl other wiae e the thetypes thetyues thetypes
types common to Australia Australa and Pata Patagoita Patago Patagolia
goita go 1ia would be much more numerous numerousthan numerouthan numerousthan
than we find fnd to be the c cas case s Hence Hencethere Hencethere Hencethere
there is no 10 improbability Improbbih ty in the sugges suggestedisolation SUIres SUIrestedsolation suggestedisolation
tedisolation ol New Zealand during the theperiod theperiod theperiod
period in question questionBut queston questonBut questionBut
But putting these thee Itertng interesting specula speculations speculatons speculations ¬
tions tons aside the results reults of the Funafuti Funafutiboring Funafut Funafutiboring
boring born indicate almoat almot without wiht doubt doubtthat doubtthat doubtthat
that Polynesia is an area of compara comparatively compra compratvely comparatively ¬
tively tvely recent subsidence subidence and it has hasalready ha haulread hasahreadv
already ulread been mentioned mentoned that there arc arcgood arc200d aregood
good reasons for regarding regardlna a large part partoi parto lartOi
oi o the basin ol the South Atlantic Atlantc as of ofno ofno ofno
no very great rrent antiquity antiquiy whll whie whIle the area areaof areaof areaofthe
of ofthe the Indian Ocean OCln appears appers to have havebeen bavebeen havebeen
been considerably enlarged during durig the thelater thelater thelater
later geological epochs epchs Apparently Apparentlytherefore Apprenty Apprentytherefore Apparentlytherefore
therefore the great extent of ocean at atpresent atpresent atpresent
present chat characterstc chatactenistic actenstic of the southern southernhemisphere suthern suthernhemIsphere southernhemisphere
hemisphere is a 1 relatively relatvely modern modernfeature modcr modernfeature
feature

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