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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1873-1910, April 16, 1898, Image 1

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WASHINGTON WASHINGTONxxv T 11 11VOL T I
VOL xxv WASHINGTON CITY D OSATURDAY C SATURDAY APRIL 161898 16 1898 NO 43
lfla6bIflOtOfl nabtnoton Scntine ScntinePublsbed cntLiic cntLiicPubLished
Publsbed PubLished and Edieo Edited by byLOUIS byLOUiS
LOUIS SCIADE SCIADEapPEARS SCJIADE SCJIADEAPPXARS
apPEARS IVEaY8ATURDAV IVEaY8ATURDAVlERMS VUV SATURDAY SATURDAYL SATURDAYTERMS
L
TERMS3OO TERMS
3OO per year ear for single copy sent by byal byaII
al aII 30 to subscriber subscribers payable in advance advanceTZS advanceArzs
Arzs TZS OP ADVJUUISINO ADVJUUISINOIrst ADVERnslr4oirst
Irst Insertion oneincb one inch Isoisecond Isoisecondtrtlon o second secondiertIon
trtlon Inserton 75 cents Liberal deouctlons deouctlonsade deJiictions deJiictionsade
ade for annual advertsements advertisements Spoial Spoialaatces Spocial SpocialutIces
aatces utIces 25 cents a lne lneAdvertIsements line lineAdvertisements
AdvertIsements to Insure inserton insertonIhould Insertion Insertionshould
Ihould should be handed in not later than 1 xa xaoclock
oclock noon on Thursday ThursdayOfce Thursday0111cc
Ofce 0111cc No 84 804 E Street N W WWahin WWashington
Wahin Washington ton D C CSample CSample
Sample copies maied mailed upon applca applcatlon appika appikation
tlon Addres Address LOUIS SCUADB W WAsh WAshD sh
1 Djton D c cWeutlal C Ceutral
Weutlal eutral IntflyonUon Intcry nttofl 1m Impolbiblo ImpolbibloThe P01 11 C CThe
The prominence which the Pres Presidents Presdents
dents messa message e gives to the dis discussionof discussion
cussionof cussion of interventon intervention las as an im impartal impartial
partal partial neutral by imposing a arational arational
rational rational compromise bttween the thecontestants thecontestants
contestants indicates a preference preferenceon
on the part of Mr tr McKinley lor lorthat
that method of dealng dealing with the thesituation thesituation
situation in cuba cubaA uba ubaA
A very lte little consideration wi wisufce wiii wiiisuffice
sufce suffice to show that neutral inter interventon intervention
vention of the kind thus proposed proposedIS
venton
IS simply impossible impossibleJt
Jt it would involve as the Presi President President
dent himsel himself conced concedes s hostie hostiecontraint hostile hostileconstraint
contraint constraint upon both the parties to tothe tothe
the contest as wel well to eporce epforce a atruce atruce
truce as to Juide guide tht tht eventual se set settiement
tement tementAre tiement tiement4re
Are 4re we prepared to scnd send an anarmed anarmed
armed armed force into Cuba which shal shalassume shall shallassume
assume an atitude attitude of hostity hostitytoward hostility hostilitytoward
toward the insurgents as wel well as astoward astoward
toward their Spanish oppressors oppressors oppressorsDo
Do we desire to assume the func functions unc unctions
tions of a mitary military polce police standing standingindiferent standingindifferent
indiferent indifferent between the confictng confictngparties conflicting conflictingparties
parties on the island If we un undertook undertook
dertook to play such a part is it itnot itnot
not plain that we should incur the thedea thedeadly
dea deadly 1y hatred of both combatant combatantBnd combatantsand
and be unable to impose our wi wiupon will willupon
upon either without an enormous enormoussacrifce enormoussacrifice
sacrifce sacrifice of ofblood blood and treasure An AnAmerican AnAmercan
American army in Cuba standing standingbetween standingbetween
between Spanish foes on one hand handapd handand
and Cuban foes oes on the other would wouldnot wouldnot
not b in a pleasant position positionNo positionNo
No we are Witlut without reason for forinterference forinterference
interference in Cuba at al all unless unlesswe unlesswe
we go there as friendly to Cuba Cubaand Cubaand
and corespondingly correspondingly unfriendly to toher toher
her Spanish oppressors It is as asthe asthe
the active aly ally of the insurgents insurgentsthat insurgentsthat
that we should intervene and andwith andwith
with their cooperaton cooperation sweep the theSpaniards theSpaniards
Spaniards out of ofthc the island which whichthey whichthey
they possess only to wrong Once Oncedo Oncedo
do away with Spanish misrule and andte andthe
te the future uture of olCuba Cuba wi will take care of ofitel ofjtself
itel jtself jtselfThe
The dominion of Spain over overCuba overCuba
Cuba is an evi evil thinga thing so soevi socyil
evi cyil that neutrali ty of sentiment in inregard inregard
regard to it would be a natonal natonaldisgrace national nationaldisgrace
disgrace The Amercan American people peclpledo peopledo
do not feel neutral about it They Theyare TheyL1
L1 are not impartal impartial In a contest contestbeween contestbetween
beween between that which is right and andthat andthat
that which is wron wrong impartalty impartaltyis impartiality impartialityis
is not what is needed for the wel welfare welfare
fare of the world I It is the victory victoryof
01 the right There are some sub subjects lb lbiect
iect jects in regard to which a man manought manought
ought to be ashamed not to be beprejudiced beprejudiced
prejudiced He should be prcju prcjudiced prejudiced
diced against lying and stealng stealngand stealing stealingand
and against vilainy villainy of every sort sortHe sortHe
He should hate such a Gover Goverment Govern Government
ment as that of Spain in Cubaand Cubaandhating Cubaandhating
hating it should shouhidestre desie is its destuc destuction destruc destruction
tion
tionWe
We regre regret the atmosphere of ofgray ofgray
gray neutralty neutrality about the Presi Presidents Presidents
dents message messageElkin messageElkins
Elkin Had the lUego Meeego Changed OllngedThe ChangedThe
The messa2e message was chanJed changed Sun Sunday Sunday
day night at the last hour and alter alterthe afterthe
the Cabinet had its itsmeeting meetn2 This Thiswas Thiswas
was done at the request 01 Senator SenatorElkins SenatorElkins
Elkins who wants nothing but butpeace butpeace
peace and i is rank enough to say
10 He has been a constant repre representative representative
sentative 01 the Spanish bondhold bondholders
ers and he he has won his point pointBonds pointBonds
Bonds to the extent of 1000
000000 are outstandin outstanding and Cuba Cubais Cubais
is the security for them I ff Cuba Cubais Cubais
is free and independent the bonds bondsare bondsarc
are made practicaly practically worthless orthless orthlessIf
4 If the United States steps in and andpacihes andpacibes
pacihes the island and forces the theCubans theCubans
Cubans to accept the Canadian Canadianform Canadianform
form of government overnment Spain claims claimsshe lalmsshe
she is wiinu willing to fivc give the bon bonds s wi will willbe
be saved Orif Or if the United States Statesses Statessets
ses sets up a Government in Cuba Cubawhich Cubawhich
which the bondholders may ap approve approve
prove this Government would wouldprobably wouldprobably
probably bind itelf itself to assume the thedebt thedebt
debt debtThat
That is the simple explnation explanation explanationiof
01 why the Presidents Presidents message messageturn messageturns
turn turns out to be the documet document it il
Nobody can sucCcssfuly successfully deny it itThe itThe
The The bondholders won this round roundand roundand
and patiotsm patriolYsm got a black eye eyePerhaps eyePerhaps
Perhaps t1e the most amazing amazinefeature amazingfeature
feature of the message was tbe Dc ex explanaton explanation
planaton planation of the trel endous ult ulti ultimatum
matum that the Unied United States sent sentto sentto
to Spain recenty recently This uIi uIimtum ulti ultimtum
mtum proves to be nothing more morethan morethan
than a I icquest eq uest on the part of oPresi oPresident Presi President
dent McKinlev cKinfey to Spain that the thelater thelatter
later latter proclaim an armistce armistceunti armistice armisticeuntil
until October Some of the Presi Presidents Presidents
unti
dents best Iriends are bitter over overtheir overtheir
their treatment in thi thk respect respectalone respectalone
alone For a week the Adminis Administration Administration
tration has permited permitted to go un unchalen unchallenged
chalen challenged ed the statrment that the thePresident thePresident
President had declared to Spain Spainthat Spainthat
that Cuba must be independent independentEverybody independentEverybody
Everybody unti until Monday was wasfrmly wasfirmly
frmly firmly convinced that he had done doneso doneso
so The State Department eave eaveout caveout
out the information I tt proves to tobe tobe
be untue untrue It was a polite request requestthat requestthat
that Spain cease hostiities hostilities during duringthe duringthe
the rainy season And Spain has hascompled hascomplied
compled complied wih with this request requestDiplomaticaly requestDiplomatically
ccupies ccupiesa
Diplomaticaly Diplomatically Spain
a splendid position She he has done doneeverything doneeverything
everything requested 02 her and andhas andhas
has done it at the suggestion of the thesix thesix
six European Powers who re received received
ceived their inspiration from the theQueen theQ
Queen Q ucen ReJent Regent who in tur turn was wasoperated wasoperated
operated upon by the Pope and andthe andthe
the Popes interet was secured securedthrough securedthrough
through the eforts efforts of Archbishop ArchbishopIreland ArchbishopIreland
Ireland actnJ acting for the Administra Administration Administration
tion at the suggestion of Mr Elk Elkins Elkins
ins
Thus does the Wst Virginia VirginiaSenator VirginiaSenator
Senator enjoy the distincton distinction of ofhaing ofhaing
haing involved the United States Statesin Statesin
in the worst diplomatic tanfle tangle she shehas shehas
has ever been in As an evidence evidenceof
of how the Powers feel the visit visitpaid visitpaid
paid by their representatves representatives to the theSpanish theSpanish
Spanish Minister Monday afer afernoon after afternoon
noon after the readin reading of the mesS message mesSsage
sage may be cited Great Brtain Brtainis Britain Britainis
is presumably our Iiend friend1 but Sir SirJulan SirJ
Julan J ulian rauncefote caled called as wel well as asthe asthe
the representatives from Germany GermanyAustria 3ermanyAustria
Austria France Ialy Italy and Russia RussiaEach RussiaEach
Each one of these gentlemen entlemen it is isunderstood isunderstood
understood expressed the sympa sympathy sympathy
thy of his Government wih with Spain SpainI Spainbecause
I because ater alter having compled compledwith complied compliedwith
with everything asked of he her the thefresident thePresident
President should even suggest the theadvisabity theadvisability
advisabity advisability 01 intervening at some somefuture somefuture
future time
No Reply ReplyConcerning RepIyConcernmg
Concerning the blowing up of ofthe ofthe
the Maine the President says saysTbe saysThe
The destructon destruction of that noble vessel vesselbas vesselhas
bas tilled the national heart wih with Inex Inexpresslble Inexpressible
presslble tled horror Two hundred and andtltyelJht andtiltyelght
tiltyelght brave saiors sailors and marnes marines and andtwo andtwo
tltyelJht two ofcer othcers 01 our navy navyreposlng reposlnj In the thefanced thefancied
fanced fancied secnrit of a frendly friendly harbor harborhave harborhave
have been hurled to death Kref grief and andwant andwant
want brou brought M to their homes and sorow sorowto sorrow sorrowto
to the naton natonThis nation nationThis
This is the frst first word 01 horror horroror
or indifnaton indignation that has come from fromthe fromthe
the President during al all the ffy ffysix fifty fiftysix
six days since our batteship battleship was wastreacherously wastreacherously
treacherously blown up in Hava Havaa Havaaharbor a aharbor
harbor by a Spanish submarine sQbmarinemine submarinemine
mine mineThe mineThe
The facts have al all been made madeknown madeknown
known to him Captain Sigsbees Sigsbeesdeclaration Sigsbeesdeclaration
declaration the report of the Board Boardof Boardof
of Inquiry the unimpeachable tel teltmony tcstimony
tmony timony 01 physical physicallacts facts and fnaly fnalythe finally finallythe
the publshed published statement of the theEnglsh theEnglish
Englsh English manufacturer of this very verymine verymine
mine have left no room lor doubt doubtthat doubtthat
that the responsibity responsibility rested upon uponSpain uponSpain
Spain SpainYet SpainYet
Yet Mr MKinley says The Theresponsibity Theresponsibility
responsibity responsibility remains to be fxed fixed fixedWhy I IWhy
Why this la lawyerlike yerlke quibblin1 quibbling quibblingThe
The verdict of the country and the thecommon thecommon
common sense of the world have havefxed havefixed
word
fxed fixed the moral responsibiJty responsibility upon uponSpain uponSpain
Spain If Mr McKinley wanted wantedthe wantedthe
the responsibity responsibility pinned down downmore downmore
more closely why did he not ask askI askthe
I the Spanish authorties authorities who the themen themen
men WHe in charge of the key keyboard keyboard
board switch that alone could couldhave couldhave
none
have fred fired the mme accordinf according to toits toitsmanufacturer
its manufacturer Why did he not notdemand notdemand
demand the discover discovery and surren surrender surrender
der of the miscreants miscreantsInstead miscreantsInstead
Instead of this he cites the in insulting insuiting
suiting Spanish proposition to toarbitrate toarbitrate
arbitrate the mater matter and says saysTo saysTo
To this I i made no replv replvIncredIble replylIncredible
IncredIble omission Why did didhe didhe
he not tel tell Spain plainly that a sel self selfrespecting
respectng respecting Government cannot ar arbitrate arbitrate
bitrate with assassins or submit to toquestion toquestion
question the fndings findings ot its own ex expert cxpert
pert court of inquiry or alow allow any anyother anyother
other than itself to jude of the thehenousness theheinousness
henousness heinousness of ofa a crime that is with without without
out a precedent or a paralel parallel in aU aUhistory allhistory
history historyCongress historyCongress
Congress at least should be of a amore amore
more resolute mind mindTiE
4 4Tiii
TiE Tiii attention of the representa representatives representatives
tives of the great Powers of Europe Europeis
is respectfuly respectfully invited to the spec spectace spectacle
tacle of our American Consuls in inCuba inCuba
tace
Cuba and Porto Rico feeing fleeing with withtheir withtheir
their wives and chidren children from the theimminent theimminent
imminent dan danger er of masacre masacreThev massacre massacreThey
They should study the spectacle spectaclecarefuly spectaclecarefully
carefuly carefully in the interests of ofhumanity ofhumanity
humanity humanityLSS11S
LSS11S S ° rt itsL2Safl I
In O6Irtoerln CaeIrIateerlng W Was RClorted RClortedTo IeortcdTo
To To5pain ToSpain
Spain and the United States are arethe arethe
the only two maritme maritime counties countries 01 01consequence ofconsequence
consequence consequence that do not adhere to tothe tothe
the Declaraton Declaration of Paris made in inx86
1856 x86 which agreed to abandon abandonprvateering abandonprivateering
prvateering privateering The third country countryis
is Mexico which has ltle little mer merchant merchant
chant marine marineandlessnavy and less navv Thus Thusa Thusfar
far a we have heard of no applca applcations applica applications
tions to our Goverment Government for letCrs letCrsof letters lettersof
of marque either from home or orforeian orforeign
foreign merchant ships Spains Spainscommerce Spainscommerce
commerce It is true is far inferor inferorI inferior inferiorto
to ours When she has taken al all allher
I her merchant vessels that can be beused beused
used as auxiary auxiliary cruiser s or as asarmed asarmed
armed transports there wi will be still stdlless stillless
less of it noticeably in the trans transoceanic transoceanic
oceanic trade Our Navy Depart Department Department
ment however has had compied compieda compiled compileda
a lst list of the Spanish merchant ma marine marine
rine and it comprses comprises over twenty twentylnes twentylines
lnes lines including over 160 vessels vesselsNearly vesselsNearly
Nearly sixty of them are put putdown putdown
down as in the transatlantc transatlantic trade tradealthou2h tradealthough
although a porton portion of them may mayrun mayrun
run also to England or to Africa AfricaOver AfricaOyer
Over forty more trade with Eng England England
land and Germany or also between betweencoast betweencoast
coast ports Four go to the Can Canaries Canaries
aries ei eight ht to North Afrca Africa and as asmany asmany
many more to the Balearc Balearic Isles Isleswhie Isleswhile
whie while over forty are put down ex excusively cxclusively
cusively clusively to the coastinJ coasting trade A Avery Avery
very larQe large portion of these stean steaners stcaxiers
ers are freight reiht boats whie while the theGovernment theGovernment
Government has already taken takensome takensome
some as auxilary auxiliary cruisers or trans transports transports
ports portsBut portsBut
But whie while there are thus spois spoisin spoils spoilsin
in prospect for or privateers we do donot 10 10not
not look for much I it any resort resortby resortby
by our Government to leters letters of ofmarque ofmarque
marque The reasons for this con conclusion conclusion
clusion are many To begin with withour withour
our true polcy policy is to do wih with the theships theships
ships oC the navy the work which whichused whichused
used to be intrusted to prvateers prvateersWe privateers privateersWe
We have not only fted fitted up a fying fyingsquadron flying flyingsquadron
squadron but have bou bouqht ht for the thenavy thenavy
navy many of the fastest astest lners liners and andsteam andsteam
steam yachts that could be s secu cu red redThe redThe
The The stmulus stimulus to e ertion which whichcomes whichcomes
comes Irom the moiety of the prze przebelonging prize prizebelonging
belonging to the captors after due duecondemnation duecondemnation
condemnation by a court should shouldbe shouldbe
be furnished as far as possible to tothe tothe
the Governments oWn crews crewsl2ain crews4gain
l2ain 4gain there is a great re t scarcty scarctyof scarcity scarcityof
of seamen for our navy and com commissioning cornmissioning
missioning privateers would sti still stillfurther
further reduce the supply The TheGovernment TheGovernment
Government for this if iffor lor no other otherreason otherreason
reason would fnd find it its true polcy polcythat policy policythat
that of making its regular navy navyfurnish navyfurnish
furnish the only means of taking takingpart takingpart
part in the war on the sea sea1 and the theonly theonly
only method 01 earning prize prizemoney prizemoney
money We Wealrcsdyseea alcldysee a move in inthis inthis
this direction by its alowin2 allowing short shortterms shortterms
terms of ofenlistment enlstment and and even ell elllstment enlistment
lstment listment for the voyage to those thosewho thosewho
who continue to serve on the pur purchased purchased
chased merchant ships This gives givesthem givesthem
them an advantage lke like that which whichatracts whichattracts
atracts attracts men to privateering and andinsures andinsures
insures ready exchange in case of ofcapture ofcapture
capture In n the thecivil cvi war we found foundthis foundthis
this polcy policy advisable ships and andcrews andcrews
crews being taken into the regular re2ularnaval regularnaval
naval service and their ofcers ofcerscommissioned oflicers oflicerscommissioned
commissioned with appointments appointmentsas
as actin acting naval ofcers ofcersAnother oflicers oflicersAnother
Another consideration is that thatships thatships
ships of the regular navy arc not notonly notonly
only under stricter discplne discipline than thanprivateers thanprivateers
privateers but have otner otner motives motivesthan motIvesthan
than prize money in view Ther Therofcers Their Theirofficers
ofcers officers must look out for profes professional prolessional
sional reputation and strct strict obedi obedience obedience
ence to order orders For this reason reasontoo reasontoo
too they cause less anxiety in re re2ard regard
2ard to res res7ecting ectin2 the rights 01 01neutrals otneutrals
neutrals and that would be impor important important
tant in a war with Spain wnere so somany somany
many powerul powerful martime maritime natons natonswould nations nationswould
would jcabuslv watch any infrac infraction intraction
tion of their privieges privileges by a bel bellig belligerent
erent erentA erentA
A sti still broader consideraton consideration i ithat is isthat
that our navy is so far superior to toSpains toSpains
Spains that we do not need to re resort resort
sort to privaleering privaleeringand and one of the thechief thechief
chief incentives to it has has always alwaysbeen alwaysbeen
been that a country having only a asmal asmall
smal small navy could obtain auxiares auxiaresrapidly auxiliaries auxiliariesrapidly
rapidly and at a slght slightcost cost WIth WIththat Withthat
that that motve motive wantng wanting in our case casewe casewe
we may prefer to secure the com commendaton cornmendation
mendaton mendation that would certainly certainlycome certainlycome
come come from those nations that are arebound arebound
bound themselves by the Declara Declaraton Declaration
ton tion 01 Paris in observing that thatwhie thatwhile
whie while we arc DOt so bound yet we wevoluntariy wevoluntarily
voluntariy voluntarily a abstain stain from rom issuing issuingleters issuingletters
leters letters of marque We should re reserve reserve
serve our righs to privateers but butshould butshould
should refrain from exercising exercisin2those exercisingthose
those rights in dealng dealing with Spain SpainAnd pain painAnd
And how would it be with pr pri private
vate interests It seem to us that thatthey thatthey
they would have ltte little encourage encouragement encouragernenttoapplyforlctters
ment rnenttoapplyforlctters to apply or letters of marque marqueThe marqueThe
The venture would hardly pay payThe payThe
The days of sainJ sailing craft have gone goneby goneby
by and to ht out and arm a asteamer asteamer
steamer and then maintin maintain her in incoal incoal
coal i is costly apartIrom apart tram the dif diffculy difficulty
fculy ficulty of getting coal t in loreign loreignport toreignports
port ports Then comes te the danger of ofrecapture ofrecapture
recapture and the th expene expense of run running running
ning to a home port for te the adju adjui
i 1 r
v
dication and sale of the prize prizeWhen PrizeWhen
When we consider that the Gov Govern Goverumenthasaireadytakenso
ern erumenthasaireadytakenso m n t has lready takeno many manyI
I the fastest merchant vessels vesselsthat vesselSthat
that it needs for its own ships all allthe
the guns it has or can be got that thatthere that thatthere
there is ltte little that is temptng tempting in inSpains inSpains
Spains commerce that such part partoft partout
oft out a as does not instantly withdraw withdrawtrom withdrawfrom
from the seas on a decaration declaration of ofwar ofwar
war wi will undoubtedly go wel well wellarmed
armed and fnaly finally that the war warmight warmight
might be over before a privateer privateerhad privateerhad
had paid for her outft outfit we may maywel maywell
wel well doubt whether there would be bea bea
a great rush wih with us for leters letters of ofmarque ofmarque
marque marqueThe 1
The case of Spain as has been beenshown beenshown
shown is somewhat dif difT rent rentand rentand
and ye yet even there nearly or quite quiteal quiteall
al all the foregoing considerations considerationstaken considerationstaken
taken up one by one would seem seemto seemto
to be in some measure operatve operatveAccordingly operative operativeAccordingly
Accordingly although the Madrid MadridGoverment MadridGovernment
Goverment Government may fnd find it good pol polICY policy
ICY to threaen us with privateer privateering privateerlog
log Jt seems lkely likely that the very veryconditons veryconditions
conditons conditions of modern warfare and andparticularly andparticularly
particularly of ofa a confict conflict between betweenSpain betweenSpain
Spain and our country would wouldmatte wouldmake
matte it an element 01 minor im importance importance
portance even on her part partI partSpalns partSpnin
I
Spalns Spnin s Other Island IslandCuba I1andCuba
Cuba is not the only land in involved involvcd
volved in the present situation situationsays situationsays
says t the e Baltimore Am 4nerkan rica1 It Itis Itis
is 2eneraly generally conceded that if Spain Spainets Spaingets
gets ets out of Cuba it wi will leave the thehemisphere thehemisphere
hemisphere a and d that means the theloss theloss
loss of rorto Ri Rico o Once Spain Spainowned Spainowned
owned 18000000 square mies miles of ofAmerica ofAmerica
America and now the very few fewthousand fewthousand
thousand that are left wi will soon soonslp soonslip
slp slip from her It is the most mostamazing mostamazing
amazing natonal national decension declension oC the thecentury thecentury
century and the cause of ofit it al all has hasbeen hasbeenSpains
been beenSpains Spains cruel seak eak despotic despoticdishonest despoticdishonest
dishonest pol poliy poliyA V VA
A Jeneral general idea of Cubas reo reomarkable re remarkable
markable fertity fertility and general generalnatural generalnatural
natural wealth is is known to the peo people peopie
pie who read but few apprecate apprecatehe appreciate appreciatehe
he fact that forto Rico is Quite Quitewel quitewell
wel well worth the having Of the theGreater theGreater
Greater Anties Antilles Porto Rico is the thefourth thefourth
fourth in size Is Its area is quite as aslare aslarge
large as al alt the Easter Eastera Shore Shorecountes Shorecounties
countes counties of Marvlapd bein being about
3500 square mies miles and it is so fer fertie icrtile
tie tile that four crops a year can be beraised beraised
raised It has a population of be between between
tween 800000 and Qooooo ooooo about aboutone aboutonethird
one onethird third of ofwhom whom are ne negroesand negroesanda roesand roesanda
a very large majority ot whom whomhave whomhave
have mixed blood The popula population population
tion is of the sort that can stand standthe standthe
the c1mate climate which is very hot hotTho hotThe
The PQloo PQlioeand and Quacks In Oar Gerl Oar1la1Y
1la1Y 1la1YThe l 7 7The
The Fatherland is not a happy happyhuntng happyhunting
huntng hunting ground for quacks as asprobably asprobably
probably many of the fraterniy fraterniyhave fraternity fraternityhave
have found to their cost The Thelatest Thelatest
latest quack uack nostrums whichhave whichhavebeen whichhavebeen
been e ccposed posed are those of which whichthe whichthe
the late Count Matei Mattel made him himself himselfthe
self selfthe the compounder His succes successors successorsand
sors sorsand and the German publc public have havejust havejust
just been informed th thit t theMatei theMateitreatment theMattej theMattejtreatment
treatment has nothing to do with withHahnemann withHahnemann
Hahnemann or his disciples and andis andis
is to be considered uterly utterly w worth worthIessThis rth rthlessThis
lessThis is plain speaking but is isundoubtedly isundoubtedly
undoubtedly the the proper method of oftreatin oftreating
treatin treating a fraud of olthe the kind I lithe litheauthorities the theauthorities
authorities acted in so praise praiseworthy praise praiseworthy
worthy a manner with regard to tothe tothe
the numerous vendors of quack quacknostrums quacknostrurns
nostrums in this country the theAmercan theAmerican
Amercan American publc public would be many manythousands manythousands
thousands ot dolars dollars in pocke pocket wIth wIthin within
in the next twelve months and andthere andthere
there would be a perceptible dim dimmuton diminution
muton inution 1 in the dissemination of ofIra oftraudulent
Ira traudulent ud ulen t advertisements advertisementsSioux ts tsSIOUX
SIOUX CITY IA is to have a brewery breweryand breweryand
and it IL acquires that privilege in an anunusual anunusual
unusual way At the municpal municipal electon electonheld election electionheld
held there lately the voters of ofthe the cty ctywere city citywere
were caled called upon to ballot upon the thequeston thequestion
queston question 01 alowlnj allowing a brewery to be beeSlablshed beestablished
eSlablshed established in the cty city Under the pro provisIons provlsons
visIons of the new manufacturinv manufacturing law lawso
50 per cent of ofthe the voters were necessary necessaryto
to carry the proposiion proposition The result ot otthe otthe
the electon election was that over 85 S per cent of oftbe ofthe
the vote was In favor 01 the proposiion proposiionA proposition propositionA
A syndicte syndicate of Pennsylvania men wi will willestablish
estblsh establish the plant This Is the frst frsttime first firsttime
time fn Iowa has voted such
a cv city on a aproposition aproposition
proposition indeed we do not not reCl recall recallthat
that such a proposiion propositIon was ever made madebefore madebefore
before In any State StateI StateIt
I It is sid that the Duchess of Fies Fiesdeafnes Fifes Fifesdeafness
deafnes deafness is not Improvini improving but rather ratherbecoming ratherbecoming
becoming more moreserlous serous As Asthe the alment almentIs ailment ailmentis
Is hereditary hereclitaryon on her hermothers mothers side of the thefamiy thefamily
famiy family the KhlJ Kitg of Denmark the Crown CrownPrnce CrownPrince
Prnce Prince of offlenmark Denmark and the Princess of ofWales ofVales
Wales al all suferh1 sufTerlng from i It there seems seemsbut seemsbut
but ltle little hope that the Duchess ot Fife Fifeis Fifeis
is lkely likely to let beter better A As relard regards the thePrnces thePrincess
Prnces Princess 01 Wales the drawback Is Isscarcely isscarcely
scarcely perceptble perceptible for or she is 80 very vcrysympathetIc verysympathetic
sympathetIc and has iomuch 0 much intulin intulintbat intuitl3u intuitl3uthat
that she practcaly practically divines whi whtt you youare ou ouarc
arc about to say before the words are areatered arealtered
atered ateredA altered alteredA
A afXING M1XrNG up or the Enllsh English word wordcbamplon wordchampion
champion and the French word wordchampiinon wordchampInon
champiinon champInon muhroom mushroom resuled resulted In Inthe inthe
the lolowloj following advertsement advertisement in the Neue Neueaar NeucSaaruthe
Saaruthe aar uci4 Z41fl Zeuz Monday March March2rGreat
lGreat bilard billiard tournament between betweenHerr betweenHerr I
Herr A10yl Krammer or this twa twaaDd town townand
aDd te the Bavaran Bavarian Mushroom Mushroom1J Mushroom1cJ I
J
cJ I >
7JI C J
The Ilaht Flight of an Empress EmrC8B41 Empress8eli
B41 8eli Gray Taylor in t the Cosmo CosojolUau CosojolUauOn olia oliaOn
On September 4 1810 at atthreeoclock atthreeoclockIn three ocock ocockin
in the afernoon afternoon the message 01 the f1 fill fillofSedan
of ofSedan Sedan the deeat defeat ofhe of the French army armyand armyand
and the capture of Napoleon Il Iii fasbed fasbedover flashed flashedOver
over the wires to Paris I it meant the theIal thefallot
Ial fallot 01 the Empire and the thenation nation plun plunged plungedinto ed edfnto
into chaos and crme crime With Withcurses Withcurses
curses and vie vild epithets fung flung at the theEmpress theEmpress
Empress the infuriated crowd stormed stormedthe stormedthe
the palace gates which alredv began beganto
to give Ive way Eugenles peri peril WkS as asterrIble asterrible
terrIble as ltt that of the Ufated UIfated Austran AustranMarie Austrian AustrianMarie
Marie Antoinete Antoinette In the Revoluton RevolutonInstant Revolution RevolutionInstant
Instant flight alone could
fght save Eugenle Eugenlebut Eugenlebut
but i it meant meantafrightiubrisk a frllhUul risk S SThe
The tbe Empres Empress escaped from tho ths palace palaceiust palaceust
iust ust as the Infuriated mob bad succeeded succeededp succeededI11
I11 p forcng forcing the principal Iate gates in front frontlnd frontnd
lnd nd were rusbinl rushing madly on a in search of oftheir oftheir
their Intended victm victIm The camor clamor of oftheir oftheir
their frightful howls was in her ears as assbe asshe
she and her faithful atendants attendants passed passedout passedout
out on to the threatened plaza Such an anemerjency anemergency
emerjency emergency as this bad been antcipated antcipatedand anticipated anticipatedand
and In a measure provIded for During Durmgseveral Duringseveral
several days a number of the feetest feetesthorses fleetest fleetesthorses
horses in the Imperal Imperial stables had been beenharesed beenharnessed
haresed harnessed to ordinary ordinaryclosedstreet cosed street cabs cabsand cabsandstatloned
and andstatloned statoned wihin withIn haimi hailing distance of ofthe ofthe
the principal entrance 01 the Tuleres Tulereswih Tuilerles Tuilerleswith
wih with faithful servitors ollhe ot the Emperor on onthe onthe
the coxes Von Metternich Ieterich hastiy hastiyI hastily hastilysignalled
I signaled signalled one of these incongruous incongruousatachments incongruousattachments
atachments attachments AsEugenle was hurriedly hurriedlysteDplng hurriedlystepping
I stepping ato into the cab a street Iamln gamin gaminsudIenl
Isudden sudden I cried out That is th Em Empressl Empressl
pressl Chevaler ChevalIer Nipra Nipra cau2ht caught the theltle thelittle
ltle little viain villain bv the throat and excaimed excaimedSav exclaimed exclaimedSay
Say that a again Rln and I wi will strngle strngleoul strangle strangleout
out Madame Ie Breton In a low tone toneordered toneordered
ordered the man on the box bo to drive to tothe tothe
the residence of ofDr Dr Thomas W Evans Evansin Fvansin
in the Avenue de llmperatrienow llmperatrienowthe llmperatricenow llmperatricenowthe
the Avenue du Bois de Boulogne Then Thenspralini Thenspringing
spralini springing ato into the cab they were driven drivenwitb drivenwith
with al all speed possible through the therlotou theriotous
riotous crowded streets to a temporary temporaryhaven temporaryhaven
haven of comparative safety Arriving Arrivingsafely rrlvin rrlvinsafely
safely at the handsome hotel rLdame rLdameIe Midame MidameIc
Ie Breton inquired for Is its master The Theselant Theservant
selant servant inlormed them that M Ie Iedocteur Icdocteur
docteur had not yet returned from his hisofce hisoffice
ofce office The ladles askll asking pefmisslon pemlssionto
10 enter and reman remaIn qnll tntil be came were wereshered werezshered
shered into the lbrary library The whole wholehouse wholehouse
house was a museum 01 treasures rich richand richand
and rare malachies inalachites from Russia Russiamarbles Russiamarbles
marbles from Haly magnifcent magnificent paint Daintings paintIngs
ings train Germany colossal vases from fromSevres fromSevres
Sevres lacestries from Gobelos Gobeloscharactenstlc Gobelias Gobeliascharacte
charactenstlc characte ristic JIIS gifts from Englandal Englandall EnglandallgraeluI
Jraelul graeluI testmonials testimonials fom front the ruling ruhngpotentates rulingpotentates
potentates ot empires and kIngdoms tor torthe brthe
the pulni pulling of royal teeth and the fttng fttngot fitting fittingolgolden
ot olgolden golden crowns In kingly laws jawsAt i i iAt
At about sl ocock oclock Dr Evans re returntd returned
turntd turned home accompanied by his conf confi confidential
dentlal fdend Dr Edward A Crane CraneTle CraneThe
The servant at once Informed Dr Evans Evansthat Evansthat
that two ladles were awaitng awaiting him in the thelbrar thelibrary
lbrar library Shorty Shortly he retured returned from the thelbrary thelibrary
lbrary library very pale and excted excited Taking TakingDr TakingDr
Dr Crane aside Evans whispered whisperedlMy whisperedMy
lMy My God Crane the Empres Empress Is herel herelWhat herelWhat
What shal shall we wedo do He dared darednot not trust trustbls trusthis
his servant serv ants wih with the terrble terrible secret secntfor secretfor
for naturaly naturally they were al all French and andof andofaclass
of ofaclass a cass opposed to roval royalty ty on Irnc princi principie
pie and wel well he knew that i II they were wereaware wereaware
aware of oftbe the presence of the Empress In Inthe inthe
the house they would Dot hesitate to todeDounce todeootmce
deDounce her and yield her up to the tbebloodthisty thebloodthirsty
bloodthisty bloodthirsty mobregardless mobregardless 01 the thedanrer thedanger
danger or destructon destruction 1 it might entai entail entailupon
him their There
upon master was wasanother wasanoihercomplicatlon
another anoihercomplicatlon complcation Dr Evans was to todine todine
dine a party of Ientlemen gentlemen at hi his house housethat housethat
that evening Tie Tbe dinner must be served servedas
as If nothini nothing unusual were happeninl happening happeningin
in the household Wishing to be in inatendance inattendance
atendance attendance upon her unfortunate Majesty Majestypro MajestyDr
pro Evans delegated Dr Crane to pre preside preside
side In his place apolo2lzlng apologizing for his hisabsence hisabsenceand
absence absenceand and explaining it on the theory theorythat theorythat
that the riotous conditon condition of the cty ciiy had hadprevented hadprevented
prevented his returning borne ome Imme Immedlately Immediately
dlately after the departure of the dinner dinnerKuets dinnerguests
Kuets guests a conclave 01 lour WaS htld held In Inthe Inthe
the lbrarv library with cosed closed doors at whih whihit whIch whIchit
it wa decded decided to tel tell the servants that thatthe thatthe
the ladles were friends ot Dr and Mrs MrsEvans MrsEvans
Evans from out of town who had been beendetained beendetained
detained in Par Paris F rs on account of the thedlsturbonces thedisturbances
disturbances no ralwa railway trains were wererunnlni wererunning
runnlni running The They were to remain over overnlgbt overnIght
nIght and a in themorninl the morning Dr Evans and andDr andDr
Dr Crane would drve drive them out to their theirhome theirhome
home homeIn homeIn
In accordance with tbl this programme programmeon
on September S 1870 just at the frst frstfaint first firstfaint
faint break 01 dawn Eugenic began beganthe beganthe
the second course course of her memorable memorableghl memorableflight
flight ghl The part party of tout left Paris in inDr InDr
Dr Evans private cariae carriage driven by byhis byhis
his own coachman They passed passedthrouJb passedthrough
throuJb through the gates of the civr cityor more moreprperlv moreproperly
prperlv properly at that that tme time the fortlfcatons fortlfcatonswihout fortifications fortificationswithout
wihout without difculy difficulty merely merelystating statng that that thatthey
they were a party of Amercans Americans They Theydrove Theydroveat
drove droveat at jood good speed directly towards towardsMantes towardsMantes
Mantes Dr Evans cariale carriage was then Ihendnven thendriven
driven bark to Parisi Paris and the dlstn dlstngulshed distin distinguished
gulshed travelers securlnl securing a common commoncab commoncab
cab drove to a smal small place about twenty twentymies twentymiles
mies miles farther 00 where they took an another another
other relay to Exreux Often it was wasneary wasnearly
neary nearly imposible impossible to let any kid kind of ofconveyance ofconveyance
conveyance when they dId succeed in insecurD Insecuring
securD securing one I It was a dilapidated old oldafair oldafTalr
afair afTalr that unless driven to desperate desperatestraltsJobody desperatestraitsimbody
straltsJobody straitsimbody would risk his neck in insave Insave
save 1ar one reasonthe coohdent asur asurance assur assurance
ance that the horses would not rn run away awayTbe awayThe
The were also oblged obliged to change ofen ofenas often oftenas
as no one would take them more than a afew afew
few mies miles on their course Fin Flnlly lv aler alermany after aftermany
many wearisome hours the lugltve lugltveparty fugitive fugitiveparty
party party reached L La Commandene and andthence andthence
thence contnued continued almost immediately immediatelyon
on to La Riviere de Thibouvle Thibouvihle arivln2 arrivIng arrivIngthere
there on the eV evening tinj 01 the stb at nne nneoclockthe nine nineoclockthe
oclockthe frst first day out from Pars ParsHere Paris ParisHere
for the thenight thenight
Here they piively positively must stop
night They were terribly faUsued atbgued and andhunlry andhungry
hungry They bad ony 1 a bit 01 black blackbread blackbread
bread and somt some bololna bologna susase sausage to eat eatal eatall
al all day Eugenic made merry over the therude therude
rude repast as she daintly daintily carve carved the theunpromising theunpromIsing
unpromising unpromIsing bologna wib with Dr Cranes Cranespocketknie Cranespocketknife
pocketknie pocketknife and presented to each felow felowpassenger fellow fellowpassenger
passenger a slce slice upon It Its point pointThe polnLTheplacewhere
The Theplacewhere placehpre they theyhad had t0W now stooped stooped1M stooped1cr
1M the night ii Riviere dThlbouvUe dThlbouvUedespite deThibouville deThibouvilledespite
despite Its high sounding name waS Q Qmere amere
mere ltle little country hamlet hamlet It boasted boastedneither boastedneither
neither hotel nor publc public house for the therefr therefreshment
refr refreshment bment of man or beat beast except a aumal aamall
umal amall ou5erga l lrZla sort or tvern tavern or the theh theM
h M I
most primitve primitive kind The entrance entrancehali entrancehaliwas hal
was a composie Composite of salon kitchen and anddinIng anddining
dinIng room At one end of ofthe the room roomwaR roomwas
waR an Immense open chimney around aroundwllich aroundwhIch
whIch sat a number of rough uncouth uncouthlooking uncouthlooking
looking men The place was pituresque pituresquein picturesque picturesquein
in the ctreme extreme with is its bright bright copper coppersaucepans coppersaucepans
saucepans sbllDg shining In the soft Ulht llht 01 the theouzin thebougiet
bougiet ouzin and its quaint old furniture lurnlturescatered furniturescattered
scatered scattered in comfortable disorder about aboutthe aboutthe
the apartment 50 tar al all WIS wns wel well atd atdfairly atdfairly
fairly satisfactory but No rooms roomswas rooms1 rooms1was
was the short and surly response when whenour whenour
our tIred fuiivet fugitiver asked for a nghts nghtshospialty nights nightshospitality
hospialty hospitality However Ho wever the Americans Americansurged Americansurged
urged the thenecessity necessit y 01 the tliecase case wih with such suchIsltencetatlg suchIflslstencestating
Isltencetatlg Iflslstencestating that they had an aninvald aninvalid
invald invalid lady with them whose life would wouldbe wouldbe
be impuied imperilled 1 It she were obliged to totrvpl totravel
trvpl travel farther that night and I dare daresay daresay
say usln usjngstihl sti weightier argument arguments in inthe Inthe
the form of the NehIow mettUiat two twoof twoofihe
of ofihe the rouJh roughlooking looking men by the fre freplaee fire fireplare
plaee consented to give up their rom romto roomto
to the ladles and two others folowlj following followingtheir
their lead ofeled ofleied theirs to the two twogentlemen twogentlemen
gentlemen The folowinl following morning
found them thenilacing lacnK a aserious serou dilemma dilemmaThey dilemmaThey
They zeal uslV scoured tile ltle little hamlet hamletand hamletand
and Is its environ In search of a convey conveyance conveyance
ance ance in which to contnue continue their jourey journey
but nothing ofhe ofihe kina could be Sound loundto Soundto
to suit their pupose purpose and despie despite the theperi theperil
peri peril they were forced to go to the Iheltle thelittle
ltle little raiway railway station and await the train trainFortunately trainFortunately
Fortunately as i it drew up they dls dlscovered discovered
covered a vacant compartment of which whichthey whichthey
comprtment
they hastiy hastily look possesion possession and by bygenerously bygenerously
generously brblns bribing tb the guard they theyretained heyretaIned
retained I it for tbemselves I IAfter S SAfter
After about an hours jourey journey they theyal theyalighted
al alighted hed at the town of Lsieux Lisicux The Therain Therain
rain was then pourng pouring in torents torrents but butthIs butthis
thIs was an Item too Insignifcant Insignificant to be beconsIdered beconsidered
consIdered at this stale stage 01 a desperate desperatelfe desperatelife
lfe life c rama Leavins Leaving thel theIi charges In Intbe Inthe
the bleak uncertain shelter of the porch porcbof porchof
of a diapidated dilapidated old ahurch church the two twoindomiable twoindomitable
indomiable indomitable escorts started forth agai again againin
in search ofa fting fittingconveyancejn conveyance in which whichto whichto
to contnue continue their fght flight across country countryto
to the coast They had a long dls dlscouralg discouraging
couralg couraging bunt before they fonnd any anything anything
thing at al all to the purpose but ft ut length lengththey lengththey
they retured returned with a fairly comfortable comfortablearrangem comfortablearrangeznnt
arrangem arrangeznnt nt which was to take them on onto onto
to Point IEveque lEveque and Deauvie Deauvihle After Aftera
a tong ride the party took reluJe refuge in the therooms therooms
rooms ot 1rs Mrs Evans at DeauvUe Deauville a acharming acharming
charming resort Afer After careful inquiry inquirythe inquirythe
the gentemen gentlemen 01 the imperial suie suieleafned suite suiteIea
leafned Iea ned that Sir John Buroyne was In Inport inport
port with his hispleasure pleasure 9cht the Gazele Gazeleand Gazelle Gazelleand
and they at once set out to Interview Interviewhim interviewhim
him This Ienteman gentleman was so earlul 0 0some of ofsome
some harm comln coming to himsel himself or his hispossesions hispossessIons
possesions possessIons If ifhe he atslsted I in the escape escaceof escapeofthe
of ofthe the empress that he at frst first declned declnedhaving declined declinedhaving
having anthln to do In the mater materBut matter matterBut
But our two Americans
were so Insistent Insistentthat insistentthat
that be yielded to the decision 0 of Ldy Lady
Burgovne who was on board the yacht yachtIt yachtIt
It was arranjed arranged I that hat al all should be on onboard onboard
board at midnght midnight and the two lade IndefatIgable ladefatigable
fatIgable doctors hastened back to the thehotel thehotel
hotel to conclude preparatons preparations for or their theirfght theirflight
fght flight In the darkness In the meantime meantimeMr meantimeMrs
Mr Mrs Evans had been neiher neither idle nor norungenerous norungenerous
ungenerous but bad suppled supplied from her herown herown
own toiet toilet al all artcles articles necessary for the thecomfort thecomfort
comfort 01 the two ladles duriu during the theremainder theremainder
remainder of their jourey joureyNot journey journeyNot
Not darng daring for fear of < letection etecton to todrive todrive
drive to the dock where the yacht yachtawaited yachtawaited
awaited them they were forced to make maketheir maketheir
their way across plou ploughed hed ground and andswampy andswampy
swampy felds fields through the deep mud mudand mudand
and drvin drivin rain The md ever jrew jrewsofer grew grewsofter
sofer softer and deeper the da darkness kness denser denseras
as at eleven oclock Dr Evanswih Evanswith a atwinklag atwinkling
twinklag twinkling lantern which render rendered d the thedarkness lie liedarkness
darkness more visible and revealed the thequagmire thequagmire
quagmire at their feet only too late for foravoiding foravoiding
avoiding iecorted itescorted Eugenie acros acrosthe across acrossthe
the black dreary distance to the bospit bospitable bospitable
able tossini tossing ltle little craft whlcl which they theyfnaly theyfinally
fnaly finally reached in safety sound in Imh Imhbut limb limbbut
but exceedin exceedingly ly weary and much toi toil toilstainedfor
stainedfor ofen often the Empre Empreas had sunk sunkto sunkto
to her knees ia the mae mire One balfhour balfhourlater half hour hourlater
later Dr Crane folowed followed the same samecou samecmi
cou se with lke like experience escorting
Madame Ie Breton The ltle hittlecraf craft was waslorced wasforced
forced to wai wait hl till the storm abated ere ereI crcIt
I It could crols cross the dangerous channel to toEngland toEngland
England and safe safety tv Afrward All rward in inspeakinj inspeaking
speakinj speaking or this perious perilous crossinJ crossing
Eugenic said 1 tboujht thought over and over overagain overagain
again that we shoul should be losti lost and death deathat ieathat
at that time and place seemed to me mesomethln mesomething
somethln something desirable and sweet Dr DrEvans DrEvans
Evans faihful faithful to the end accompanied accompaniedthe
the Empres Empress to Chiselhurst where she shehas shehas
has Ince lvedwhere livedwhere now are the re remams remains
mains of her Ilsband husband and sonNapo sonNapoleon sonNapoleon
leon lT Itt and the younl young prince imperial imperialThough imperialThough
Though she was to sufer cutler further tribu tribulatons tribulatlons
latons latlons the Empress had escaped the theCommune theCommune
Commune The chivalry of republcan republcanAmerca republican republicanAmerica
Amerca America had rescued the intended vic victm vietim
tm tim ot republcan republican France Francer FranceDasTRUCTION FranceDIiSTRUCTZON
r
DasTRUCTION OF 7JU AMBRrCAN WAR WAR5IP WARSiur
5IP Siur MAINS MAINSlforllnz MAINSJlforaing
lforllnz Jlforaing PasLondon PorILondon March 59 59The 9 9The
The report shown that there Is no noground noground
ground for an any suggeston suggestion 01 treachery treacheryon
on the part of Spain and in this J light ht i it itmay
be taken as the
may stripping occur occurrence occurrence
rence of aU international significance slgrldicanceWhatever significanceWhatever
Whatever other causes 01 dlference dlferencemay difference differencemay
may exist between the two nations the thedestruction thedestructIon
destruction 01 the th Maine cannot be a acause acause
cause 01 dlsalreement disagreement President Mc McKinley McKinley
Kinley shows that be and his Cabinet Cabinetare Cabinetare
are resolved to consider the report reportconclusivo reportconclusive
conclusive on this head There IS no nocase nocase
case against the Spanish nation and andwltholt andwithout
wltholt without distinct evidence no Gover Govern Governmeat
meat Ijustfed iajustifled I in breathlnl breathing any sea susplcion seapicton
plcion on them The absence from the themefSge themessage
mefSge message of any aluslon allusion to the conditon conditonof condition conditionof
of Cuba is convincing proof that the thePresident thePresident
President is determined that this calam calamIy calamity
Iy ity shal shall not directy directly or indirectly be a acause acause
cause of war I It IS announced from fromother fromother
other sources that even as to Cuba a agood agood
good understandlnl understanding has been elected electedThere effected effectedThere
There is to be an armlstco armistice unt until Qcto Qctober October
ber and meanwhie meanwhile Spain and the theUnied theUnited
Unied United States wi will cooperate il in the therelef therehlefof
relef rehlefof 01 the suferig sufFering population populationI PopulationDining
I Dlnlnl Dining Car Cars have not vet made their theirappearance theirappearance
appearance appearance I in Russia Express trains trainsstop trainsstop
stop about about once In three hour hours to le let letpassengers
pasenger passengers refresh themselves the lt ste stetimis a atOIS
tOIS timis miles beinl being buit built about sev ntyfve ntyfvemie ntyfive ntyfivemiles
mie apart apartl
l i
W j
I
Au EnobAICeI11Uesa Enoltei tsa tsaThe
The pueblo of Acoma in Western WesternCentral VesternCentral
Central New llxico Mexico Is the oldest set settlement et ettement
tement tlement within the lmis limits of the Unied UniedSlates United UnitedStates
Slates Many 01 the wals walls that sti still stand standon standon
on that beetng beetling 1enol were seen by
Coronado Coronadoduring durnJ his marvelous marvellous jourey journey
in r540 and even then they were cel ccii cciiturks
tures turks old The valey valley of Acoma las lasbeen has hasbeen
been described as the Garden of the theGods theGods
Gods mulpled multiplied by ten and wlb wtIh ten tenequal tenequal
equal Out other wonders thrown Ini in inplus
I Iplus
plus a human Interest an arcb archaeological archaeologicalvalue ologlcal ologlcalvalue
value an atmosphere of romance and andmystery andmystery
mystery and the comparison ba has not notbeen notbeen
been overdrawn Stretching away for formies or ormiles
mies miles les lies a beautiful level plain cothed cothedin clothed clothedin
in grama and bound side
01 on every by bymesas bymesas
mesas of variegated sandstone rising rislnrprecpiously risingprecipitously
precpiously precipitously from 30 300 10 40 400 feet and andrelieved ld ldreleved
releved relieved by minarets and pinnace pinnacles and anddomes anddomes
domes and many other f atur8 01 01naturs ofnatures
natures architecure architecture None of these theseireat thesegreat
ireat great rock tabl tables s b so precpious precipitous so soawe soawe
awe insplrnl inspiring and seemagly seemingly so out of ofplace ofplace
place as the majestic Isolated Kntzlmo Kntzlmoor
or Enhnted l Mesa sa which rise rises 430 430leet o ofeet
feet from the middle of the plaa plain as if
too proud to keep company with Is Iselows its itsfellows
fellows elows and this as one 01 the miaN miaNwonderful maiiv maiivwonderful
wonderful homeles homealtes of the ACQmls ACQmlsdurlnJ Acomas Acomasduring
durlnJ during their wanderings from the mistic misticShlpapu
mstc mstcShlpapu
Shlpapu In the far north to their prent prentlofv present presentlofty
lofv lofty dw dwelling lhng place Natve Native tradiion tradiional tradition traditionas
al as dIstnguished distinguishedfrom Irom mth when Ulil mmiii mmiiifluenced
fuenced fluenced by Caucasian contact ray rayusully may mayusually
usully usually be reled relied on even to the e extent extentof tlnt tlntof
of dlsPlovlng or veriyinl verifying that which whichpurports whichpurports
purports to be historical testmony testimony The TheAcoma TheAcoma
Acoma Indians have handed down from fromshaman fromshaman
shaman to noviiate noviftate from father 10 son sonin sonin
in true prescriptorial fashion for many manyjeneratlons manygenerations
jeneratlons generations the thestory story that Katzimo was wasonce wasonce
once the home of their ancestors but butdurag butduring
durag during a great convulsion of nature at ata ata
a time when most most of the inhabiants inhabiantswere limbabitamils limbabitamilswere
were at work in the feld fields below an anImmense animmense
Immense rocky mass massbecame became freed from Iromthe fromthe
the friable wal wall of the clf cliff destrovil destroying destroyingthe
the only trai trail 10 the summit and leaving leavinga
a Sew old women 10 perish on the theInaccessble theiriaccessble
Inaccessble height What more then theDcould thencould
could be necessary to enwrap the place placefor placefor
for ever afer after in the mystery 01 enchant enchantment enchantmeat
meat mentThis meatThis
This tradiIon traditIon was recorded in It its itsnative
natve native puriy purity some twelve years ago by
Mr Charles F Lummls Lummis and the sanie saniestory Santestory
story was repeated by Acoma lps lips to tothe tothe
the Pfsent prtsent writer whie while conductn conductiur a areconnaissance areconnaissance
reconnaissance of the pueblos in the theautumn theautumn
autumn of 1895 Durlni During this visit de deslrini desiring
slrini siring to test the veriy verity 01 the tradiion tradiiona tradition traditiona
a trip was made to the base of Katzima Katzimawtere Kataimnowhere
wtere where a careful examinaton examination of the talus talusespecaly talusespecially
especaly especially where it Is pled piled bijh high about aboutthe aboutthe
the foot of ofthe the
jreat great southwester southwestern cleft cleftup cleftup
up which the ancent ancient patlway pathway was reo reoputed re reputed
puted to have wound is its course was wasrewarded wasrewarded
rewarded bV the discovery of numerous numerousfra numerousfragments
fra fragments ments 01 potery pottery 01 very ancient ancienttype ancienttype
type some of which were decorated In Ina Inavitreous
a vitreous glaze an art now lost to pueblo pueblopotters pueblopotters
potters The talus at this point rises to toa toa
a height Of224 0224 feet above the pIp plein in and andtherelore andtherefore
therefore slghty slightly more than halway halfway up upthe upthe
the mesa side I It Is composed large largeof largely largelyof
of earth which could hav been de deposied deposited
posied posited there in no other way whatso whatsofver whatsoever
fver ever than by washing from the summit summitduring summitduring
during periods of storm through many manycenturies manycenturies
centuries An exam examination nalon ot the trail trailto trailto
to a point within 6 6o feet of the top fX fXhlbled exhibited
hlbled hibited traces 01 what were evidenty evidentythe evidently evidentlythe
the hand and loot holes that had once onceaided onceaided
aided In the ascent 01 the ancient trail trailas trailas
mcent
as in Acoma today Even then the theindicatons theindications
indicatons indications of the former occupancy of ofthe ofthe
the Enchanted Mesa were rejarded regarded as assufcent assufficient
sufcent sufficient and that another one of many manynatve manynative
natve native traditons traditions had been verfed verified bv bvarch byarchreologic
arch archreologic ologic proof proofMore proofMore
More recenty recently the author visited visitedKalzimo visitedKatzlmo
Kalzimo a second tme time on this occnEiol occarlon occarlonwith
wih with Major George H Pradt Mr 1 A C CVroman CVromnan
Vroman and 1r Mr H C Hayt In order order orderto
to determae determine what additional data of an anarchteoloical anarciueological
archteoloical nature ml might ht be lathered latheredby
by an examaatlon examination of the summit The Theasclnt Theascent
asclnt ascent cf th tatusin which the potsherds potsherdshad potsherdshad
had been observed I in such considerable considerablequanttes considerablequantities
quanttes quantities two years PIeviousy was wasmade wasmade
made In a few minutes the ladders taddersropes laddersropes
ropes and photographic and surveylnl surveying surveyinginstruments
instruments belni being caried carried wih with some someefort someeffort
efort effort since clmbing climbing heaviy heavily laden at atan atan
an aliude altitude of 60 6ooo feet in a bmlng bmlngsun broiling broilingsun
sun is no trifng trifling labof labor but the real realwork realwork
work began when the beginning 01 the therocky therocky
rocky slope 01 the cef cleft was reached reachedOne reachedOne
One member of the party taklni taking the thelead thelead
lead dragled dragged the end of a rope to a aconvenient aconvenient
convenient landing place where a dwarf dwarfpinon dwarfpinon
pinon fnds finds sufcent sufficient nourishment from fromthe rool roolthe
the storm water and sand from above aboveto aboyeto
to eke out a precarious eXistence eXistenceFastening existenceFastening
Fastening the rope to a tree the outft outftwas outfit outfitwas
was hauled up and the other members membersof
of the party found a ready means of ofascent ofascent
ascent The next landing was several severalfeet severalfeet
feet above at the base ofa rather steep steeppich steeppitch
pich pitch 01 about twelve feet This wal wall wallalthough
although somewhat difcult difficult to scale scalemay scalemay
may be clinbed climbed wih with greater or les lessafety less lesssafety
safety by the aId of ofseyeral several smal small holes holesin holesIn
in Its face These holes were doubtes doubtless doubtlessmade
made artfcaly artificially but as the narrow nurowpathway narrowpathway
pathway at this point Is now a drainage drainagecourse drainagecourse
course during periods of ofstorm storm the sof soft softsandstone
sandstone has become so much eroded erodedtlat erodedthat
tlat that th y have apparenty apparently los lost their theirformer theirformer
former shape sbapeThe shapeThe
The summit 01 E ncantada was reached reachedaler reachedafter
aler after some difculty difficulty It has been swept sweptand sweptand
and carved and swept ajain again bV the winds windsand windsand
and rains 01 centuries since the ances ancestors ancesbra
bra of the simple Acomas cln1bed climbed the theLdder theLadder
Ldder Ladder trai trail 01 which we found the thetraces thetraces
traces The pinnacled foor floor has not not notalways
always appeared as it is today for it itwas Itwas
was once thickly manted mantled by the sherc sherd sherdstrewn
strewn sol soil that now forms a goodly goodlypart goodlypart
part of the great talus hep heaps below belowThere belowThere
There is ltte little wonder then that the theDarty the theparty
party despaired or fnding finding even a relc relcwhen relic relicwhen
when they had reached the top of the thetrail thetrail
trail and looked about at the destruction destructionwrought
Cetructon Cetructonwrounht
wrought and yet they bad ben on the thesummi thesummit
summi summit only a few minutes when a asherd asherd
sherd of potery pottery of very ancent ancenttype ancient ancienttype
type much cracked by weathering was wasfound wasfound
found This fraJment fragment is of plain grey greyware greyware
ware quite coarse in texture wih with a ad adegraissailofwbite
d degraissailofwbite zraissan of whie sand Durng During the thetwenty thetwenty
twenty hour hours spent on the summievery summieveryopportunity summnitevery summniteveryopportunity
opportunity was taken of making making a acritcl acritical
critcl critical study ofhe ofthe general features 01 01the oithe
the top of Katzlmo tbroushout throuihout the tbe2So the20O
2So 20O feet eet of its length special consIder consIderalon consIder consIderatlon
alon atlon beil beingdevoted devoted to t th e tq opgraphr J r
of of the sie site the erosion the earthly
depo depoiits its the drainage and tle tIme great greatcedars greatcedars
cedars that stand jBunt gaunt and bare or le leprone lie lieprone
prone and decaying becauJe because theIr theIrmeans theirmeans
means of subsistence have been beenso beenso
so lonE long washed away and the theparty theparty
party was forced 10 the conclusion conclusionthat conclusionthat
that had house waifs whether of stone stoneor stoneor
or adobe ever existed on the summit summitat
at a reasonably remote period there tberewas therewas
was no pOSlbity possibility that alY any trace 01 them themcould themcould
could la have e remained to tothisday this day Never Neverthees Nevertheless
thees the abundance of ancient relics relicsin
ancent rlcs rlcsin
in the talus the distnct distinct remains of the
ladder trai trail the specimens found on the thesummi thesummit
summi summit coupled wih with the destructon destructonwrougllt destruction destructionwrought
wrought by nature the traditon tradition Itelf Itelfal itself itselfall
al all testfy testify to the former habitaton habitation of the thesie thesIte
sie sIte To the Acomas KatJlro Kataitho Is stl still stillenchanted
enchanted and as a subjecln subject in the stu1v stu1vof stuiyof
of mystcism mysticism the man c1 of science
scence mutt murtvet muttyet
vet regard I it The law 01 miennium mienniumnot millennium millenniumnot
not undone by a few hours ofcococlolm ofcococlolmCUR oficonoclasm oficonoclasmtUR
CUR FOREIGN NEWS
1 tanslated pansaed and Selec Secced d rro fros J4 lzdng dinr
Euro eanjaj4rJ ean aSgyjfar Ihe Ae SHNTINIU SHNTINIUENGLND SazrrirzrENGLAND
ENGLND ENGLNDHAS ENGLAND ENGLANDHASRUSIASECUREDTItSI
HAS HASRUSIASECUREDTItSI RUtnASECURID TII tVkUT tVkUTop lJrnflhtfti
op PORT ARl Aiiiu Aiiiu7TmtsLondon nu l lTHsLondon
THsLondon 7TmtsLondon March MarchYcsterday o oYesterday
Yesterday Mr Curon Curzon could only bil tell tellthe
the House that RUlla Russia hle hid ccured secured from IromChina fromChina
China the usufruct of Por Port AIUmr AIUmrand Anther Antherand
and Tallenwan Ta lienwan and the adjacent terr tern terntories
tones He was not even in a posIton posItonto position positionto
to explain the meaning 01 tns tins Importa Importation importation
tion from the vocabulary of the Roman Romanlaw Romanlaw
law at least as It Is interpreted by byRus byRussian Rus Russian
sian commentators I It would be unwise unwisefor unwiseor
for or others 10 rush In where lr Pr Curzon Curzonfears Curaonfears
fears to tread but i It may be asumed asumedwih assumed assumedwith
wih with some confden confidene that usufruct usuructin O OIn
In any agreement where Chia China Is the theRrantor thegrantorarid
Rrantor grantorarid and Russia i Is the grantee sign sigal sigalfies i iles
les fies the most benefcial beneficial kind of tenure tenurelhlch tenureahich
lhlch ahich the wi wit of man can devise freed freedas reedas
as far faras as possIble from al all the oneru onerous onerousconditions
conditions incdental incidental to ownership ownershipI ownershipIt
I It wllbe will be rememlered rememnered that thatearly thatearly
early in the s8lon session Mr Curzon reas reassured reassured
sured the Ho House se by decarmi declaring that thatalhough thatalthough
alhough although our warships had withdrawn wltbdrawnfrom withdrawnfrom
from Port Arthur they would retur return returnthere
there there when they choe chose Whatever else elsethe elsethe
the Russians may read into their UIU UIUIruct usu usufruct
Iruct or that harbor we are Inclned inclined to todoubt todoubt
doubt whether whether they wi will hold I it to tobe tobecompatible be becomptible
comptible compatible wih with this traty treaty right of ours oursL OUrsLe
L Le Tem Tgbs TgbsRussia s sRussia
Russia bas hasjust just obtained a agreatdiplo agreatdiplomatic great dlplo dlplomatc
matc matic succe success At the Tsung TsungI TaungIi
I Ii Yamen there is happiy happily a practcal practcalcommon practical practicalcommon
common setse sense on which one can gener generaly generally
aly ally count Nothln Nothing is more uncoDienlal uncoDienlalto uncongenial uncongenialto
to the temperament of these upper cas casmandarns class classmandarins
mandarns mandarins than dashing their heads headsagainst headsagainst
against a wal wall The Themostofwhich most or which they theyare theyare
are capable Is to sufer suffer lke like Prnce PrnceKunl Prince PrinceKung
Kunl Kung a diplomatc diplomatic indlsposion Indisposition As Assoon Assoon
soon as the confcrences conferences bad convinced convincedthat convincedthat
that body bow Irrevocable was the tbedecsion thedecision
decsion decision of Russia measures were taken takento takento
to remove the friton friction and lacitte facilitate an anunterstahdlng anuncierstahding
unterstahdlng uncierstahding The choie choice of the two twoplenipotentiaries twoplenipotentiaries
plenipotentiaries for the interview with withM withM
M Pavlo Paylofi the best known of ofwhom whom in inthe inthe
the West was Li Hung Chan Chang was ot otitel 01itself
itel itself a pledle pledge of conciaton conciIiation Indeed Indeedthe Indeedthe
the agreement tras as speediy speedily arlvedt arlvedton arrived zt zton
on the verj very bash basisofthieapparently of the apparenty quite quitere quitereasonable
re reasonable onable demands put lorwad forward by byRusia byRussia
Rusia Russia I This his tr treaty aty bas the tbedouble thedouble
double justfcBtion justification of CI rrylnl rrying into intoefect IntoefFect
efect efFect eventualtes eventualities loni longago ago foreseen oreeen and andadmited andadmitted
admited admitted by competent and impartial Impartlnlmen impartialmen
men and at re etablshing establishing for the thebeneft thebenefit
beneft benefit of Rusia Ruisia the balance recenty recentydisturbed recently recentlydisturbed
disturbed by the succe success or German Germanpolcy Germanpolicy
polcy policy at Kino Chau ChauDaiy ChauDaily
Daiy Daily N NewsLondon wLondon March J yo yoThe
The Tone Tories used to be fond 01 asksg asking askingthe
the electors to beleve believe that their party partywas partywas
was the one of businesslike admlnistr admlnistra admlnistration
ton tion especaly especially I in foreign atalrs aflairs Alter Alterrecent Afterrecent
recent performance performances they wi will not fnd fndi find findit
i it easy to palm of off that falacy fallacy again againTurnlnl againTurning
Turnlnl Turning however from the credit 01 01lbe ofthe
the Government to the mterets interests of the thenaton thenation
naton nation we entirely refuse to beleve belevethat believe believethat
that that the Empire IS In jeopardy because becauseRusia becauseRussia
Rusia Russia is in occupatIon 01 Port Arlhur ArlhurThe AnihurThe
The hue and nd cry wllch which some of the Tory Torypapers Torypapers
papers are raising in this matter is both bothmischievous bothmischievous
mischievous and undlgnfed undignfied an and we wehope wehope
hope that DO Lltrals Liberals wi will be tempted temptedto
in If the antiRussian diatribes diatribesin
to join il It I antiRusian dlatrbel
In which time Tim Tbnes s and othcrs others are In Indulglng indulging
dulglng m mean an anything they must mustmean mustmean
mean that Great BritAin should have baveone havegone
gone one or should sti still 10 go to ar to pre prevent provent
vent Russia Russia having Port Arthur Lord LordSelbores LordSelbornes
Selbores Selbornes critc critici m of this propoion propoionIs proposition propositionis
Is xceilent celent To prevent the Ru Russian Russianization lan lanIzaton
Izaton ization of Manchuria Is an object which whichwe whichwe
we probably could not slute secure if we wewould wewould
would and which we certainly should shouldnot shouldnot
not atempt attempt even if we could for our our ourGovernment
Government has invited Russia to the thesea thesea
sea already Do not then let U8 go of off offon
on this false sent scent The practcal practical que ques queslion
lion Is not the fact 01 the Russian CCCU CCCUp ccu ccupition
p pition iton but the terms of it In In itself itselfthere Itselfthere
there is notbn nothingintolerable intolerable fr or even ver very verydisadvantageous
disdvantaeous disadvantageous In the Russian occu occupton occupatlon
patlon What we have to see to Is that thatbritish
pton tat tatBrtsh
Brtsh british rights and Interet interests are noil not un unperilled
peried perilled thereby therebyDailv therebyDaily
Daily GrajMi GraphicLondon London March JO JOAccording joAccording
According According to Count luravlefs Muraviefis note noteChinee noteChinese
Chinee Chinese sovereignty I is stIl still reco2nied reco2niedIn recognized recognizedin
In both Port Arthur Arthurand and Talenwan TaLlenwan and andwhie andwhile
whie while this Is the case the treaty right rights rightsofthis
ofhs ofthis country apply Thus In TaUen TaUenwan Talienwan
wan we have the right to demand the theordinary theordinary
ordinary Cblnue tarf arilh and In Port PortArthur PortArthur
Arthur we have the rght right at anchoraje anchorajefor anchorage anchoragefor
for our ships of war No doubt tb tbese tbesepoints
points are now engaging the 2ttention 2ttentionof
of the Government They are how however
ever not the only points raised by the thecession
cession In usuruct of Port Arthur ArthurAs
As we have frequently pointed out there thereis
is astiategicaiquestion lobe considered
11 is certain that the interests of this thiscountry
country will not be sufficiently vindi vindieateti
eateti until we also have obtasied a anaval
naval base In usuiruct whlcti wifl wifladequately
adequately unturbatanceth e Rus

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