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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1873-1910, April 23, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016354/1898-04-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Wuabtngtol Sentinel SentinelPublished SentinelPublished eiittneI eiittneIPublished
Published and Editea by byLOUIS byLO byIjoins
sentby sentbyMATES sent by byulall byutah
1300 oo per year for single copy
utah to subscribers payable in advance advanceelATES advancesATES
first Irst insertion one inch Jiso I50i xo second secondsertion secondertlon secondertIon
sertion 75 cents Liberal deductions deductionsade deauctlonsode deductions deductionsade
ade for or annual advertisements Special Specialnotices SpecialDlices Specialnotices
notices 35 s cents a line lineAdvertisements 11neAdvertisements lineAdvertisements
Advertisements to insure insertion insertionhouhl Insertionhoul Insertionhouhl
houhl be handed in not later than 12 12oclock 12oclock 12oclock
oclock noon on Thursday ThursdayOffice ThursdayOffice ThursdayOffice
Office No 804 E Street IN N W WWashington WWashlnl1ton WWashington
Washington D C Ction CSample CSample
Sample copies mailed upon applica application appilcation
tion Address Louis SCHADE SCHADEIngton WIsh WIshIn2ton w4shtn2ton
Ington D C c
Our OurWe Position PositionWe PositionWe
We are for driving drlvin out the cruel cruelmurderers cruelmurderers cruelmurderers
murderers from the Western Hemi Hemisphere Hemisphere Hemisphere ¬
sphere The millions of people peoplewhom peoplewhom peoplewhom
whom they have haveslaughtered slaughtered burnt burntalive burntalive burntalive
alive tortured or orstarved starved to death deathcry deathcry deathcry
cry for revenge We will give a afew afew afew
few examples examplesHayti examplesHayti examplesHayti
Hayti had in 1492 700000 ooooo in inhabitants inhabitants inhabitants ¬
habitants Ten years later in
1503 all had been destroyed destroyedThe destroyedThe destroyedThe
The Bahama Islands had 40000 40000inhabitants 40000inhabitants 40000inhabitants
inhabitants In 1520 152oapfousSpan 152oapfousSpanlard a pious Span Spaniard Spaniard
iard Pedro de Isla collected to together together together ¬
gether the last eleven to protect protectthem protectthem protectthem
them from his countrymen countrymenIn
In Porto Rico Jamaica Cuba Cubaand Cubaand Cubaand
and other West Indian Islands the thenatives thenatives thenatives
natives were destroyed in the same sameway sameway sameway
way The Indians who were werepeaceful werepeaceful werepeaceful
peaceful and Rood hearted were weredriven weredriven weredriven
driven to wholesale selfdestruc selfdestruction selfdestruction seifdestruction ¬
tion to escape the Spanish tigers tigersIn tigersIn tigersin
In a few years the native popula population population popiilation ¬
tion on the West India Islands had haddisappeared haddisappeared haddisappeared
disappeared disappearedAfter disappearedAfter disappearedAfter
After that they went to the theAmerican theAmerrcan theAmerican
American Continent Thenumane ThenumaneBishop The humane humaneBishop riumane riumaneBishop
Bishop Las Casas wrote that the theIndians theIndians theIndians
Indians were mild good ood hearted heartedand heartedand heartedand
and trusting people among whom whomthe whomthe whomthe
the Spaniards rushed like wild wildtigers wildtigers wildtigers
tigers wolves and lions I dare dareto dareto dareto
to assert he said that on the thecontinent thecontinent thecontinent
continent the Spaniards cruelly cruellyslaughtered cruellyslaughtered cruellyslaughtered
slaughtered in 40 years twelve mil millions millions ¬
lions of ofpeople people In fact it will not notbe notbe notbe
be disputed that fifty millions 01 01people ntpeople o opeople
people during durin that time were mis miserably miserably miscrably ¬
erably destroyed What sources sourcesof sourcesof
of tears have my countrymen countrymenopened countrymenopened countrymenopened
opened how many streams of ofblood ofblood ofblood
blood have they shed he ex exclaimed exclaimed cxclaimed ¬
claimed nothing is left me but to topity topity tobity
pity my home Spain most deeply deeplybecause deeplybecause deeplybecause
because I must most positively as asiume aslume asiume
iume that God in consideration of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the immense crimes which my mycountrymen mycountrymen mycountrymenhave
countrymen countrymenhave have committed committedin in the theNew theNew theNew
New World will punish it with withtotal withtotal withtotal
total destruction destructionIn
In 1575 the census of the Vice ViceKing ViceKing ViceKing
King of Peru showed that the pop population popu population ¬
ulation u laUon of Peru had dwindled down downfrom downfrom downfrom
from 20 or 3 0 millions to 8 millions millionsThe millionsThe millionsThe
The census of ofI794 1794 found foundbut but 608 608ooo
000 left leftAnd leftAnd leftAnd
And they did not only destroy destroylives destroylives destroylives
lives but also the civilization and andculture andculture andculture
culture of the Indians far superior superiorto
to their ownl own I Only native Span Spaniards Spaniards Spaniards ¬
iards as those now in Cuba could couldhold couldhold couldhold
hold office Those born in Amer America America Amnerica ¬
ica creoles were entirely en enslaved enslaved enslaved ¬
slaved Every thing they needed neededfrom neededfrom neededr
r from abroad they had to import at atenormous atenormous I
enormous prices from rom Spain SpainAt SpainAt SpainAt
At last the provinces on the con continent continent continent ¬
tinent led by Bolivar Martin and andHidalgoliberated andHidalgoliberated andt
t Hidalgoliberated themselves from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the Spanish yoke Only Cuba and andPorto andPorto andPorto
Porto Rico being islands rc remained rcmained rcmained ¬
mained under sway though in inCula inCu inCua
Cula Cu > a they have been fighting for forliberty forliberty forliberty
liberty since 1829 1829The 1829The 1829The
The time has come when every everyremnant everyremnant everyremnant
remnant of the four hundred years yearsof yearsot yearsof
of barbarism must be destroyed on onthis onthis onthis
this hemisphere hemisphereSpanish hemispheleSpanish hemisphereSpanish
Spanish cold old here at Washing Washington Washington Washington ¬
ton under different Administra Administrations Administrations Administrations ¬
tions has prevented the Cubans Cubansfrom Cubansrom Cubansfrom
from rom gaining their independence independenceSpanish indep lndepndenceSpanish ndence ndenceSpanish
Spanish bonds have even now frus frustrated frustrated frustrated ¬
trated their recognition But the thetime thetime thelU
lU time has come camel Spain must gol golWe golWe gofWe
We were not for war against againstSpain againstSpain againstSpain
Spain until the destruction by bystarvation bystarvation bystarvation
starvation of half a million people peopleand peopleand peopleand
and the blowing up of the Maine MaineWe MaineWe MaineL
L We were always of the opinion opinionthat opinionthat opinionthat
that if we would give the Cubans Cubansequal Cubansequal Cubansequal
equal treatment in our ports with withthe withthe withthe
the Spaniards by gnnting them thembelligerent thembellfgerent thembelligerent
belligerent rights they alone alonewould alonewould alonewould
would rid themselves of their op oppressors oppressors oppressors ¬
pressors Even now give the theCubans theCubans theCubans
Cubans belligerent rights and you youneed youneed youneed
need not move a soldier on your yourown vourown yourown
own account accountNearly accountl accountlr accountiNearly
r Nearly fifty fiftyyears years ago we left our ournative ourt ournative
t native home to t live in a free coun country cOUntry country ¬
try The sentiments with which whichwe whichI
1 I we bade goodbye to the old father fatherland fatherland fatherland ¬
land our love 01 liberty have havenever havenever havegevcr
never diminished in our bosom bosomd
We still feel with the oppressed oppressedagainst oppresse oppresseagainst oppresstdagainst
against their oppressors oppressorsSome oppressorsSome oppressorsSome
Some of the GermanAmerican GermanAmericanpapers GermanAmericanpapers GermanAmericanpapers
papers who were for peace at any anyprice anyprice anyprice
price have bitterly attacked us u be because because because ¬
cause we differed with them themWe themWe themWe
We have regretted this Our OurGermanAmerican OurGermanAmerican OurGermanAmerican
GermanAmerican friends will willhave willhave willhave
have to go with us now We stand standby standbV standby
by our new home and they will willhave willhave willhave
have to do the same sameGermany sameGermany sameGermany
Germany would not suffer as asmuch asmuch asmuch
much as we have suffered of Spain SpainIf SpainIf SpainIf
If the Maine had been a German Germanship Germanshil Germanshil
shil the Spaniards Spaniardwould would talk less lesshigh lesshiuh lesshigh
high now nowA nowA nowIL
A Doubtful Little Boy BoyThe DayThe BoyThe
The Queen Regent In her speech speechto
to the Crtes C rtes last Wednesday Wednesdaymade Wednesdaymade Wednesdaymade
made an appeal which has a strange strangesound stranEesound strangesound
sound to a people who fight for a acountry acountry acountry
country noS no a person With us usthe usthe usthe
the honor of the ountrv the thesacredness thesacredness thesacredness
sacredness of the flag ffa i with her herthe herthe herthe
the call to arms is in trusting to tothe tothe tothe
the Spanish peoples to gather be behind behind behind ¬
hind my sons throne and defend defendWho defendit
Who is this Kina of Spain Al Alfonso Alfonso Alfonso ¬
fonso XIII behind whose whosethrone whosethrone whosethrone
throne the Spaniards are called to tofight tofight tofight
fight fightHe
He is a little boy whose twelfth twelfthbirthday twelfthbirthday twelfthbirthday
birthday will fall on the 17th of ofnext ofnext 01next
next month Little boys of twelve twelveare twelveare twelveare
are mildly interesting to grown grownfolk grownfolk grownfolk
folk if they are wdl behaved play playball playball playball
ball refrain from asking questions questionsand questionsand questionsand
and studiously avoid the parlor parlorwhen parlorwhen parlorwhen
when their sisters are entertaining entertainingtheir entertainingtheir
their bestyoune men menThere menThere menThere
There a are arestrong re strong historical reas reasons reasons reasons ¬
ons for supposing that the little littleboy littleboy littleboy
boy who is King of Spain is not an aninteresting aninterestin aninteresting
interesting interestin boy according to these thesestandards thesestandards thesestandards
standards One reason reasonand and the themore themore themore
more it is studied the more nearly nearlyit
it will seem sufficient sufficientis is that he heis heis heis
I is a grandson of exQueen Isabella IsabellaThis IsabellaThis IsabellaThis
This eccentric woman practised a acode acode acode
code of olmorals morals which was so un unconventional unconventional unconventional ¬
conventional that even Spain re revolted revolted revolted ¬
volted and she abdicated in 1870 1870The 1870The 1870The
The little boys father being the theson theson theson
son oi Isabella was never known knownto knownto
to refer 0 his lather although the thesubject thesubject thesubject
subject was a source of gossip and andscandal andscandal andscandal
scandal in all thecourtsol the cou rts ot Europe EuropeTo EuropeTo
To talk of the divine right to tothe tothe tothe
the throne of such d i boy so des descended descended descended ¬
cended is to combine anachronism anachronismwith anachronismwith anachronismwith
with moral perversity perversityWhy perversityWhy perversityWhy
Why then should all Europe Europewhy Europewhy Europewhy
why even should Spain feel led any anyuncontrollable anvuncontrollable anyuncontrollable
uncontrollable tumult of emotion emotionover emotionover emotionover
over the prospect of ofthis this very com commonplace commonplace cornmonplace ¬
monplace and doubtful little boy boysuffering boysuffering boysuffering
suffering a loss of a portion of ofhis ofhis ofhis
his kingdom Indeed he would wouldnot wouldnot
not be in the fashion as a monarch monarchof II
of Spain if he failed to lose locsome locsomeofhbi someofhis some
of ofhbi his kingdom Its a way they theyhave theyhaveand theyhaveand
have haveand and deserve deserveA
A A Safe Spot for Spaniards SpaniardsHeadlines SpaulardsHeadlines SpaniardsHeadlines
Headlines describing Spanish SpanishConsuls SpanishConsuls SpanishConsuls
Consuls as getting ready to flee fleefrom ffeefrom fleefrom
from this country may attract at attention attention attention
tention but give a very mistaken mistakenidea mtstakenidea mistakenidea
idea ol the temper of the American Americanpeople Americanpeople Americanpeople
people So far as the people are areconcernedany areconcernedany areconcernedany
concernedany Spaniard Spaniardfrom from Polo Polodown Polodown Polodown
down can stay here il he wants to tounharmed tounharmed tounharmed
unharmed Americans have the thecivilized thecivIlized thecivilized
civilized idea that war is declared declaredagainst declareda declaredagainst
against a ainst States and not against in individuals individuals individuals ¬
dividuals We can contemplate contemplatethe
the demonstrations of the Spanish Spanishmob Spanishmob Spanishmob
mob at Barcelona against our ourConsulate ourConsulate ourConsulate
Consulate with much of the theamused theamused theamused
amused tolerance which a mastiff mastifimanifests mastiffmanifests mnastifimanifests
manifests for a snapping Skye and andweproperly andwe andweproperly
weproperly we properly look upon such an out outbreak outbreak outbreak ¬
break as that at Malaga as a burst burstoi burstof burstof
of popular insanity the frothy frothyebullition frothyebullition frothyebullition
ebullition of o ofa a hysterical populace populaceNot populaceNot populaceNot
Not a single sin le Spaniard in the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States is in the slightest slightestdanger slightestdanger slightestdanger
danger of personal harm Even EvenDe EvenDe EvenDc
De Lome could travel from Port Portland Portland Portland ¬
land to Brownsville without incur incurring incurring incurring ¬
ring anything more than ridicule ridiculeIt
It is a pity to spread any other idea ideaby ideaby ideaby
by means of headlines describing describingSpanish describingSpanish describingSpanish
Spanish Consuls fleeing in terror terrorfrom terrorfrom terrorfrom
from coming wrath wrathFlag wrathFIIiR wrathFlag
Flag and Onr Cargo OarRoIt CargoIt o oIt
It is true that Spain did not as assent assent assent ¬
sent to the treaty of Paris It is istrue istrue istrue
true that she is not technically technicallybound technicallvbound technicallybound
bound by its provison that the theflag theffag theflag
flag covers the cargo It is true truethat truethat truethat
that she he is tehnically free to over overhaul overhaul overhaul ¬
haul any English ship sailing into intoor intoor intoor
or out of our ports and to seize seizeAmerican seizeAmerican seizeAmerican
American goods found on board boardBut boardBut boardBut
But Spain will do nothing of the thekind thekind thekind
kind This is not a time for her herto herto herto
to provoke the wrath ol the great greatest areatest greateat ¬
est maritime power on earth by bynagging bynagging bynagging
nagging interference with that thatnations thatnations thatnatibas
nations carrying trade tradeBritish tradeBritish tradeBritish
British ocean liners will safely safelysail safelysail safelysail
sail between our and European Europeanports Europeanports Europeanports
ports during the war just as if ifthere ifthere iithere
there were no war warIT warIT warIT
IT WILL make grim old Gomez Gomezsmile Gomezsmile Gomezsmile
smile to hear of our gigantic pre preparations preparations preparations
parations to drive the Spaniards Spaniardsout
out of Cuba With onequarter onequarterthe
the force we are now mustering he hewould hewould hewould
would have done donethejobtwoyears donethejobtwoyearsago the j job ob two years yearsago vearsIlgo
> l Iif St B
The Patrol Squadron SquadronA EquadlonA
A third squadron designed to tosupplement tosupplement tosupplement
supplement the work of ofthe the squad squadrons squadrons squadrons ¬
rons of Capt Sampson and Com Commodore Commodore Cornruodore ¬
modore Schley has according to tothe tothe tothe
the Washington despatches just justbeen justbeen justbeen
been formed with Commodore CommodoreHowell CommodoreHowell CommodoreHowell
Howell assigned to its command commandThe commandThe commandThe
The principal duties of this new or organization organization organization ¬
ganization are indicated by the thename thename thename
name ot lithe the patrol squadron suadron it itbeing itbeing itbeing
being to protect the Atlantic sea seaboard seaboard seaboard ¬
board by cruising along the coast coastin coastin coastin
in order to prevent the destruction destructionof
of property by raids of Spanish Spanishwarships Spanishwarships Spanishwarships
warships or privateers privateersThere privateersThere privateersThere
There is little doubt that Spain Spainwill Spainwill Spainwill
will find enough to occupy her herelsewhere herelsewhere herelsewhere
elsewhere without prowling along alongour alongour alongour
our shores to bombard watering wateringplaces wateringplaces wateringplaces
places or scattered cottages Even Evenwere Evenwere Evenwere
were there nothing else to dissuade dissuadeher dissuadeher dissuadeher
her the waste of o coal and ammu ammunition ammunition ammunition ¬
nition in experiments of that sort sortis sortis sortis
is obvious Still it is useless to totrust totrust totrust
trust wholly to ordinary principles principlesgoverning principlesgoverninE principlesgoverning
governing naval action in forecast forecasting forecastin forecasting ¬
ing in what Spain will do because becauseshe becauseshe becauseshe
she has more at stake than the theholding theholditt theholding
holding holditt ol o Cuba Her Government Governmentwants Governmentwants Governmentwants
wants to keep itself in power and andat andat andat
at least to maintain the throne so sothat sothat sothat
that for the sa1ce of appearances appearancesit
it may try to deal us a few blos blousintended blosintended blosintended
intended more for spectacular spectaculareffect slectaculareffect srectaculareflect
effect than for anything else The Thepride Thepride Thepride
pride of Spain might be consoled consoledby consoledby consoledby
by such minor successes even evenwere evenwere ven venwere
were Cuba lost Besides we have havea
a large coastwise commerce and andthis andthis andthis
this might tempt Spanish cruisers cruiserswhich cruiserswhich cruiserswhich
which would hesitate to search searchneutral searchneutral searchneutral
neutral ocean crossing ships for forcontraband forcontraband forcontraband
contraband The patrol squadron squadronwill squadronwill squadronwill
will protect this thi coastwise com commerce commerce cornmerce ¬
merce as well as the shores by bystriking bystriking bystriking
striking at Spanish raiders In ad addition addition addition ¬
dition it will perform scouting scoutingduty scoutingduty scoutingduty
duty lor the ports by giving them themnotice themnotice themnotice
notice of an enemys approach be besides besides besides
sides being able to concentrate and andhurry andhurry
hurry to the aid of any harbor at attacked attacked attacked ¬
tacked tackedIt tackedIt tackedIt
It is understood that thenucleus thenucleusof the nucleus nucleusof
of the patrol squadron will be the thefour thefour thefour
four Morpan line vessels the thePrairie thePrairie thePrairie
Prairie Dixie Yankeeand Y nkeeand Yosem Yosemite YosemIte Yosemite
ite and it is an interesting fact act that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the naval militia mllit 1 of New York YorkMaryl YorkMaryl YorkMaryl
Maryl nd Massachusetts and andMichigan andMIchigan andMichigan
Michigan will man thes these vessels vesselswhen vesselswhen vesselswhen
when their batteries of ofsix six inch and andS
5 inch guns are ready It Itis is fur further further further ¬
ther thought thou ht possible that Com Commodore Commodore Cornmodore ¬
modore Ho Howell vell may have his old oldship oldship oldship
ship the San Francisco as flag flagship flagship flagship ¬
ship but butpossibly possibly as to that thatsome thatsomething thatsomething some something ¬
thing may finally depend on other otherneeds otherneeds
needs At all events with the themany t themany e emany
many auxiliary vessels that have havebeen havebeen havebeen
been purchased it will easily be bepossible bepossible bepossible
possible to reinforce Commodore CommodoreHowells CommodoreHowelLs
Howells Howell squadron with other othercommands othercommands othercommands
commands so that the th patrolling patrollingol
ol the coast will be complete completeTaking completeTaking completeTaking
Taking together to ether the forts and the themines themines themines
mines the monitors torpedo boats boatsand boatsand boatsand
and other harbor defenders man manned manned manned ¬
ned largely by the naval militia militiaand militiaand militiaand
and the new patrol squadron there thereneed thereneed thereneed
need be no anxiety about the thesafety thesafety thesafety
safety of ofthe the coast But in addi addition addition addition ¬
tion there will be an extensive extensiveshore extensiveshore extensiveshore
shore patrol and signalling si nalling system systemincluding systemincluding systemincluding
including probably the lighthouse lighthouseand lighthouseand lighthouseand
and lifesaving men who have havetheir havetheir havetheir
their stations all ready and supple supplemented supplemented supplemented ¬
mented perhaps here and there thereby thereb
by b State militia who may be called calledout calledout calledout
out and assigned to this work workI workTho workThe
I The Joint Resolution of Congress CongressFor OODRrellsFor OongrssFor
For the recognition of the Independence Independenceof
of the people ol Cuba demanding that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the Government ot Spain relinquish Its Itsauthority Itsauthority itsauthority
authority and nd Government In the island islandof IslandoCCuba islandoCuba
oCCuba of Cuba and withdraw its land and naval navalforces navalforces navalforces
forces from Cuba and Cuban waters and anddirecting anddlreclng anddirecing
directing the President of the United UnitedStates UnitedStates UnitedStates
States to use the land and naval navallorces navallorcesof forces forcesof torcesof
of the United States to carry these reso resolutions resoJntlons resolutions ¬
lutions Into Intoeffect IntoeffectResolved intoeflectResolved effect effectResolved
Resolved by the Senate and House of ofRepresentatives ofRepresentatives ofRepresentatives
Representatives of the United States of olAmerica ofAmerica ofAmerica
America in Congress Con ress assembled assembledFirst assembledFirst assembledFrst
First That the people of the Island Islandol Islandci
ol Cuba are and andof of right ought to be free freeand IreeBndlndependent treearid
and Bndlndependent BndlndependentSecond independent independentSecond independentSecond
Second That it is the duty of the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States to demand and the Gov Government Government Gmerament
ernment of the United States does doeshereby doeshereby doeshereby
hereby demand that the Government Governmentof
of Spain at once relinquish its authority authorityand authorityaad authorityand
and Government in the Island of Cuba Cubaand Cubaand Cubaand
and withdraw its land and naval forces forcesIrom forcesfrom forcesfront
from Cuba and Cuban waters watersThird watersThird watersThird
Third That the President of the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States be and he hereby is isdirected Isdirected Isdirected
directed and empowered to use the theentire theenllre theentire
entire land and naval forces 01 the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States and to toaUanto totall rail into the actual actualservice actualservice actualservice
service of the United States the militia militiaof militiaoC militiaat
of the several States to such extent as asmaybe asmay1be asniay1be
maybe necessary to carry these resolu resolutions resolutions resolutlond ¬
tions into effect effectFourth eff effectFdurth ct ctFourth
Fourth That the United States Stateshereby Stateshereby Stateshereby
hereby disclaims any disposition or in intcntibn Intel1t1bn intentibu
tcntibn to exercise sovereignty soverelgntyJurlsdic soverelgntyJurlsdiction Jurlsd c ction
tion or control over said Hand 1 land except exceptlor exceptlor exceptbr
lor the pacification thereof and asserts assertsIts assertsIts assertsits
Its determination when that is accom accomplished occomptisb accomplishd ¬
plished ptisb d to leave the government and andcontrol andcontrol andcontrol
control of oUbe the island to its people peoplei
> i
iii rd fi
7 i
HI Rtoh ob 3lou 3louAn UeDAn 1rouAn
An American author says the theLondon theLondon theLondon
London Spectator is isabout about to pub publish publish publish ¬
lish a sort of golden book of the thearistocracy thearistocracy thearistocracy
aristocracy of wealth At the price priceof priceot priceof
of 250 s ° or some such figure a awork awork awork
work is to be published publishedby by sub subscription subscription subscription ¬
scription we presume presumewhich which will willcontain willcontain willcontain
contain a full and particular ac account account account ¬
count of all the millionaires of the theworld theworJd theworld
world beginning with the Roths Rothschilds Rothschilds Rothschilds ¬
childs and going down we sup suppose suppose suppose ¬
pose to the petite tlle noblesse of trade tradeand tradeand tradeand
and finance financepersons persons like the late lateMr lateMr lateMr
Mr Lea of Worcester sauce fame famewhose famewhose lamewhose
whose will of over a million ster sterling sterling sterling ¬
ling was proved lately Unques Unquestionably Unquestlonablya Unquestionably
tionably a book of the kind we have haveindicated haveindicated haveindicated
indicated should prove very curi curious curious curtous ¬
ous and interesting intere tin reading It Itwould Itwould Itwould
would probably show sow the world worldthat worldthat worldthat
that its rich men are not as is often oftensupposed oftensupposed oftensupposed
supposed confined to a few areas areasbut areasbut areasbut
but are scattered about in all the thefive thefive thefive
five continents and appear also in inplaces inplaces inplaces
places which are generally sup supposed supposed supposed ¬
posed not to contain examples of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the species For example Ger Germany Germany Germany ¬
many is not generally regarded as asa asa asa
a land of rich men and yet the thegolden thegolden thegolden
golden book should have a very verylarge verylarge verylarge
large section devoted to Germany Germanyand Germanvand Germanyand
and AustriaHungary It is true truethat truethat truethat
that most of the names would have havePrince havePnnce havePrince
Prince before them but being of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the royat blood does not alter the thefact thefact thefact
fact of wealth Without counting countingthe countingthe countingthe
the private properties of the sover sovereigns sovereigns sovereigns ¬
eigns who ought not to be in included included included ¬
cluded there are a dozen or so soTeutonic soTeutonic soTeutonic
Teutonic highnesses whose wealth wealthnot wealthnot wealthnot
not merely in lands but in money moneyis moneyis moneyis
is enormous For example that thatof thatof thatof
of the lather of the present Prince Princeof Princeof
of Bulgaria was counted by many manymillions manymillions manymillions
millions sterling Many of the thedethroned thedethrcDed thedethrcned
dethroned monarchs again are arevery arevery arevery
very rich for roi roienevtihas e tn nexil 1 i1 has ceased ceasedto
to be a synonym for poverty No Noone Noone Noone
one oi course knows the exact exactwealth exactwealth exactwealth
wealth of the Orleans family but butit butit butit
it is very great and even the Bour Bourbons Bourbons Bourboos
bons are well off Don Carlos in inspite inspite inspite
spite of the money he has spent in inSpanish inSpanish inSpanish
Spanish or other adventures is a amillionaire amillionaire amillionaire
millionaire The Russian Empire Empirewould Empirewould Empirewould
would also make a good ood show for foralthough foralthough foralthough
although the great landed propri proprietors proprietors proprietors ¬
etors have suffered ol late years yearsmany yearsmany yearsmany
many of the merchants and finan financiers financiers financiers ¬
ciers have done exceedingly well wellIf nellIf ell ellIf
If rumor is to be trusted some of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the officials are also very rich richFabulous richFabulous richFabulous
Fabulous sums are attributed to toone toone toone
one in particular The millionaires millionairesof
of Africa would we suppose be beconfined beconfined beconfined
confined to Kimberley and the theRand theRand theRand
Rand but possibly there are some somelarge somelarl somelarge
large larl e fortunes in Cairo among the theLevantine theLevantine theLevantine
Levantine colony colonyAsia colonyAsia colonyAsia
Asia will probably make a very veryrespectable veryrespectable veryrespectable
respectable show in the American Americangolden Americanolden Americangolden
golden olden book It is true that in inthe inthe intheTurkish
the theTurkish Turkish and Persian Empires Empiresmillionaires Empiresmillionaires Empiresmillionaires
millionaires are never long lived livedand livedand livedand
and this fact tends to their non nonexistence nonexistence nonexistence
existence but for all that some of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Smyrna Greeks and Damascus DamascusJews DamascusJews DamascusJews
Jews ought to be able to gain ad admission admission admission ¬
mission India Indiaon on the other hand handit
it the native princes who do not notpossess notpossess notpossess
possess sovereign rights ri hts are arecounted arecounted arecounted
counted as hey heymust must be contains containsa
a great number of ofextrcmelv extremely rich richmen ricbmen richmen
men Not only are there mer merchants merchants merchants ¬
chants in the great cities who are areworth areworth areworth
worth several millions in personal personalproperty personalproperty personalproperty
property but there are also four fouror fouror fouror
or five great Zemindars who have haveincomes haveincomes haveincomes
incomes which represent the inter interest interest interest ¬
est on two or three millions millionssterling millionssterling millionssterling
sterling The reaction against againstthinking againstthinking againstthinking
thinking ot India as a place of ofwealth ofwealth ofwealth
wealth has in factbeen carried too toofar toofar toofar
far and we are apt to forget that thatprincely thatprIncely thatprincely
princely fortunes are sill s silimade ll made and andkept andkept andkept
kept there The truth about the theChinese theChinese theChinese
Chinese fortunes would be most mostcurious m mostcurious > st stcurious
curious if it could be discovered discoveredUnfortunately discoveredUnfortunately discoveredUnfortunately
Unfortunately it is the land of ths thscryptomillionaires th thcrvptmillionaires thcryptmillioriaires
cryptomillionaires of the men menwho menwho menwho
who live in little Jte low houses and andhoard andhoard andhoard
hoard gold ingots in the shape of ofNaples ofNaples ofNaples
Naples biscuits It is known knownhowever knownhowever knownhowever
however that the Empress Dow Dowager Dowager Dowager ¬
ager is among the richest if ifnot not the therichest therichest therichest
richest person alive alve while Li LiHung LiHun LiHung
Hung Hun Chang unless he has lately latelybeen latelybeen latelybeen
been plundered which is unlikely unlikelymust unlikelymust unlikelymust
must have vast wealth w alth Outside OutsideChina OutsideChina OutsideChina
China the Chinese are often very veryrich veryrich veryrich
rich and dare to show their wealth wealthFor wealthFor wealthFor
For example it is always alw ys said and andas andas andas
as far as a we know with truth that thatseveral thatseveral thatseveral
several ot the Chinese merchants merchantsof
of Singapore are men ofenormous ofenormousriches of enormous enormousriches enormousriches
riches With the American Amerian mil millionaire mi mu mulionaire ¬
lionaire lonaire it is hardly necessary to todeal t tdeal todeal
deal What Whatplace place is not full ful of the thercoortot thereoort therenort
rcoortot reoort 01 his dollars olars It I should shouldhoweverbe shouldhoweverbenoted shouldhoweverbc
howeverbe howeverbenoted noted that while
whie one or ortwo ortwo ortwo
two of ofthe the American fortunes are arebeyond arebeyond arebeyond
beyond the dreams drea ms of avarice the thenumber thenumber thenumber
number of warm men is in pro proportion proportion proportion ¬
portion to population populaton not so great greatas
as it is here There are that is isnot isnot isnot
not so many great but far more moresmall moresmal moresmall
small smal millionaires miionaires in England EnglandThe EnglandThe EnglandThe
The man who reaches the five mil million mIllion mu mulion ¬
lion dollars dolars is apt either to lose it itall ital itall
all al again or else to turn it into intofifty intoffty intofifty
fifty ffty ror r a hundred million dollars dollarsSpanish dolars dolarsSpadish dollarsSpanish
Spanish South Southimerica America In innot
SoutAmerca ninotas ninotasa not as asa asa
a rule a place lace for rich rc men yet
as asa a matter mater matteroffact of fact Chili Chi Mexico MexicoBrazil
Brazil Brazi and the Argentine have have all allwithin al allwithin
within wihin the last thirty years pro produced produced produced ¬
duced fortunes on the great scale scaleand scaleand scaleand
and not very long ago the greatest greatestheiress greatestheiress reatest reatestheress
heiress heress in the world was said to be bethe bethe bethe
the only daughter of a South SouthAmerican SouthAmerican SouthAmerican
American millionaire millionaireWe miionaire miionaireWe millionaireWe
We have written writen thus ol o the themillionaire themiionaie themillionaire
millionaire miionaie without apology act acting actIng acting ¬
ing on the assumption that he and andhis andhis andhis
his trillions milons are of universal inter interest interest interest ¬
est to the world The fact fac indeed indeedis
is so plain as to need no proof or orcomment orcomment orcomment
comment What does require requirecomment requirecOmment requirecomment
comment is the explanation for this thisuniversal thisuniversal thisuniversal
universal interest in the million millionaire miion miionalte millionaue ¬
aire alte Why should people be so sokeenly sokeenly sokeenly
keenly interested in the existence existenceofiexcicptionalriches existenceofl existenceofxdeptionaljiche
ofl ofiexcicptionalriches x eptinalrche We believe believethat believethat believethat
that the interest excited by rich richmen richmen richmen
men is derived from the fact that thatmoney thatmoney thatmoney
money is power The man who whohas whohas whohas
has command of millions miions disguise disguiseit
it as he will wi has immense poten potential potential potential ¬
tial authority and influence infuence over overhis overhis overhis
his fellows felowsand fellowsand and an authority and andinfluence andinffuence andinfluence
influence which can be exercised exercisedwith exercsed exercsedwith exercisedwith
with the minimum of friction frictionPhysical frictionPhysical frictionPhysical
Physical power and legal power powermay powermay powermay
may be obeyed but they are areobeyed areobeyed areobeyed
obeyed always without pleasure or orenthusiasm orenthusiasm orenthusiasm
enthusiasm and generally generaly with ith in indignation indignation indignation
dignation and disgust The power powerof powerof powerofthe
of ofthe the purse as a rule produces a acheerful acheerful acheerful
cheerful and ald ready obedience If Ifa I Ifa
a man is made to do a thing he hedoes hedoes hedoes
does it grudgingly and without en enthusiasm enthusiasm enthusiasm ¬
thusiasm If he is paid to do it itand itand itand
and thinks he may get another anotherorder anotherorder anotherorder
order and another payment he is ishappy ishappy ishappy
happy and full ful of alacrity No Nodoubt Nodoubt Nodoubt
doubt this lact must not be pressed pressedtoo pressedtoo pressedtoo
too far but it undoubtedly does doesaffect doesafec doesaffect
affect afec the question queston If I the feudal feudalsuperior feudalsuperior feudalsuperior
superior of a town orders the thetownspeople thetownspeople thetownspeople
townspeople to make him a lake lakewhich lakewhich lakewhich
which is to supply the town witn witnwater witnwater witnwater
water they the only obey out of fear fearIf fearI fearIf
If I a millionaire miionaire orders the reser reservoir reservoir reservoir ¬
voir to be made and only pays for forthe forthe forthe
the labor at market rates he is re regarded regarded regarded ¬
garded as a a great benefactor and andif andif andif
if more favors avors are expected expectedhe
he can exercise as complete a con control control control ¬
trol over all al the proceedings proceedln s of the thetown thetown thetown
town as a if i he had a legal right of ofvote ofvote ofvote
vote A millionaires power in increases increases increases
creases with each million in a rap rapidly rapidly rapidly ¬
idly increasing ratio rato A man manwith manwith manwith
with two or three great houses housesand housesad housesad
ad establishments establshments and a yacht yachtand yachtand yachtand
and a pack of hounds may pos possibly possibly possibly ¬
sibly spend the interest of three threemillions threemillions threemillions
millions without any great diffi difficulty dif difficulty ¬
culty culy At present rates of interest interestit
it is only some 90000 a year It Itis Itis Itis
is when he has a couple of millions millionsbeyond miions miionsbeyond millionsbeyond
beyond or say 60000 of extra extramoney txa txamoney xtra xtramoney
money every year that his power powerbecomes powerbecomes powerbecomes
becomes obvious and real The Thefact Th Thfact Thcfact
fact that he can at any moment momentthrow momentthrowaway momentthrowaway
throw throwaway away 60000 without pinch pinching pinching pinchlug ¬
ing himself himsel in the least diminish diminishing diminishing diminishing ¬
ing his capital by a sixpence or oraltering oraltering oraltering
altering a single item in his estab establishment establishment establishment ¬
lishment is the fact act that makes the theman theman theman
man powerful powerul However rich a aman aman aman
man may be he is not really realy pow powerful powerul powerful ¬
erful erul if ifhis his money is all al booked bookedall bookedal bookedall
all al ear earmarked marked for servants yachts yachtsand yachtsand yachtsand
and racers It is the free margin marginin
in which the source of ofONer ofpower poorer is to tobe tobe tobe
be found
Patriotism PatriotismNew Iltrlot Patriot is m mNew ruNew
New York Mail Aai and Express E Ex res res JIfiril A ril rilA 14 14A z zA
A cable despatch received from Berlin Berlintoday Berln Berlntoday Berlintoday
today stated that Lieut AB A B Niblack Niblackthe Niblackthe Niblackthe
the United States Statts Naval Attache Atache has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been questioned questoned regarding the purchabe purchaseof purchabeortbe purchabeofihe
of ortbe the Hamburg Hamburr steamers Normannia Normanniaand Normannlaand Normanniaand
and Columbia and that the reason they theywere t theywere ey eyi
i were not purchased punbaed for the United States Stateswas StatesI Stateswas
I was that the American Government Goverment did didnot didnot didnot
not want them This Thisiscertainlyavery Thisiscertainlyaveryood is certainly a very verytood
tood ood and sufficient sufcent reason and the Ham Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg ¬
burg Company alter that can in no way waybe WI wasbe
be blamed lor disposing dlspoln of ofthelrshlps their theirships ships to toother toother toother
other parties partes since they foresaw that the thepresent thepresent thepresent
present traveling travelni season would be a very verypoor ver verypoor
poor one and nextyeais next yeals season would wouldbe wouldbe wouldbe
be very ver much Influenced Infuenced by the fact that thatmany thatmany thatmany
many people would want to wait till til
1900 19 the year ear ot the Paris Exposition ExpositionWe ExpositionWe ExpositionWe
We also allo learn Irom Europe that other othertrans othertransAtantc othertransAtlantic
trans transAtantc transAtlantic Atlantic companies had not hesi hesitated besltated tiesitated ¬
tated one one moment to offer ofer their ships shipsdirect shIpsdirec shipsdirect
direct direc to the Spaniard notably in the thecase thecase thecase
case of ofthe the Fulda and Werra and the theCity theCiy theCity
City Ciy of Rome We Ve refer to this matter matterbecause mater materbecause matterbecause
because some blackguard blackgard in this city citytoo ciy ciytoo citytoo
too cowardly to sign his own name and andusing andusing andusing
using the well wel known signature A AConstant AConstant AConstant
Constant Reader Is trying to stir up upillfeeling upireelng upillfeeling
illfeeling ireelng by sending denunciatory denunciatoryletters denuncatory denuncatoryleters denunciatoryletters
letters the
leters to newspapers newspapersIf
If any criticism criticsm at this junction juncton is isJustified islustfed Isjustified
Justified lustfed it should be directed against againstthose alalnst alalnstthose againstthose
those in our midst who are providing providingthe providingtbe providingthe
the Spaniards by direct sale with wih coal coalarms coalarms coalarms
arms ammunition and supplies supples gener generally generaly generally ¬
ally aly On the loth inst it was reported reportedfrom reportedrom reportedIrom
from rom Philadelphia Phiadelphia that the steamship steamshipHampatead steamsh steamshipHampstead p pHampstead
Hampstead had been chartered to carry cary
2800 28 tons of ofcoal coal to the Spanish panl h torpedo torpedostation torpedostation torpedostation
station at the Cape Verde Islands On Onthe Onthe Onthe
the same day the steamer Mexico left leftNew leftNew
New York for Havana heavily laden ladenwith ladenwih ladenwith
with wih army supplies supples and munitions munions of war warThe warThe warThe
The steamer City of Washington Washl ton sailed sailedyesterday saied saiedyestuday sailedyesterday
yesterday fur Cuba loaded with provis provisions provlsIons provislonsandsupplies ¬
lonsandsupplies ions and supplies supples of o ofall all al kinds and carry carrying cary caryIng carrying ¬
aooooabushelsofcorn aoooobushels bushels of olcorn It
ing nearly ntarly 200 cor I was wasreported wasreported wasreported
reported this morning mornng that the steamer steamerSaratoga steamerSaratoga steamerSaratoga
Saratoga of ofthe the same line lne will wi sail sai to today today today ¬
day for Havana Havanadirect direct It Itwasunaerstood Itwasunaerstoodyesterday was understood unaerstoodvesterday understoodyesterday
yesterday that one steamer had been beensecured beensecured beensecured
secured to sail each day for or a week and andthat andthat andthat
that the first frst boat would take out 7000 7000sacks 7000sacks
sacks sack of flour four The fact that all al these theseboats theseboat theseboats
boats boat are preparing preparng to re enter the trade tradeit IradeIt tradeIt
it is said tends to show that the Span Spaniard SpanIards Spaniards ¬
iard Iards iards in Cuba are actively actvely preparing r ra for fora fora
a siege sleieand and that these vessels will willgranted wi be beitranted begranted
granted immunity by the Spanish Gov Govcrnrrient Government Governrdent
crnrrient bemgloaded with wih supplies supples for forSpanish rorSQanlh forSpanish
Spanish SQanlh citizens citizensFurther ctizens ctizensFurter citizensFurther
Further Furter comment is I hardly necessary necs
Translated r ruttd and Selected from leading Je
Eutolf Huroj European on f > ni aersfor abersfoy > trs for the f he SENTINEL SENTINELENGLAND SENTINELENGLND SENTINELENGLAND
ftia ftiaThat India IndiaThat
That India under British rule is crow crowing 2rowIng growlng ¬
ing poorer while whie the rest of the world worldis worldIs worldis
is growing richer and that the lot of olthe ofthe ofthe
the Indian peasant is becoming harder harderwhile harderwhie harderwhile
while whie eleswhere the toilers toiers are entering enteringinto enteringInto enteringinto
into a new and easier life le is now nowscarcely nowscarcely nowscarcely
scarcely denied even by the most mostootimlst mostootmlst mostontimist
ootimlst ootmlst of official apologists But they theyare theyare theyare
are at no loss lor an explanation Eng England England England ¬
land has given India the blessings blessings of ofpeace ofpeace ofpeace
peace The old check on population poputaton by bywar bywar bywar
war has ceased to tooperate tooperate operate The popu population populaton population ¬
lation laton has therefore enormously in increased Increased increased ¬
creased Inferior lands had to be beresorted beresorted beresorted
resorted to and the standad of comfort comforthas comforthas comforthas
has thus fallen alen And then they talk in ina Ina ina
a grand way of the t twent went million milon new newmouths newmouths newmouths
mouths added to the population populaton every everyten everyten everyten
ten years and of the difficulty difficulv which the thepaternal thepateral thepaternal
paternal pateral and kindly Government of orndla orndlahas ofradla ofradlahas India Indiahas
has in providing for or their subsistence subiistence subiistenceNow subMstenceNow subsistenceNow
Now let us look at this apology a altle altlemore aittle aittlemore little littlemore
more closely cosely and consider not the theabsolute theabsulute theabsolute
absolute addition addiion to population populaton which whichI
I ells els us nothlncbut nothlnlbut the relative increase increasethe Increasethe Increasethe
the rate per cent at which the popula population population population ¬
tion grows Excluding Excuding Upper Burma Burmaannexed Burmaannexed uma umaannexed
annexed In the middle of the period periodunder perIodunder periodunder
under review we find fnd that the popula population population popuiation ¬
tion of ofBritmsh British India had in 1891 a density densityot
ot 747 per square mile mie and had in increased Increased increased ¬
creased at the rate ol 097 per cent centper centper centper
per annum In the preceding ten t n years yearsIf vearsI yearsIf
If I one excluded excuded Lower Burma also the thenumbers thenumbers thenumbers
numbers would be 269 G and 094 respect respectively respectIvely respectively ¬
ively Now this is no doubt a dense densepopulation densepopulation densepopulation
population But the the rate of Increase Increaselar Increasefar increasefar
far from being anything nnytbl exceptional is issurpsissed issurp issurpEtssed
surpsissed surp sed in 11 many countries where the thedensity thedensity thedensity
density is is even greater Thus in Bel Belgium Belglum Delglum ¬
glum in 1896 189 the density was as great greatas Ireat Ireatas greatas
as 571 57 7z and the annual increase 099 per percent percent percent
cent In England in 1891 there was a apopulation apopulation apopulation
population of 539 539 i9 to the square mileand mileandthe mleand mleandthe mileandthe
the average yearly increase of the pre preceding preceding preceding ¬
ceding ten 7 years ears was 117 per cent centconsiderably centconsiderably centconsiderably
considerably more than that of India in inaplte Ineplte Inspite
spite of the greater density densiy In Ger Germany Germany Germany ¬
many in 1890 189 the density was 247 just justthatol justthat jUstthat
thatol that of India if one includes Lower LowerBurma LowerBurma LowerBurma
Burma but the average annual increase increaseol Icrease Icreaseof increaseof
of the preceding ten years was was1 not
097 0 97 but 135 I3S 135per per cent while whie in partic particular particular particWar ¬
ular parts of Germany it was even evengreater evengreater evengreater
greater Lest however it be argued arguedthat arguedthat arguedthat
that though thouih the density and rate of ofincrease ofincrease ofincrease
increase in inlndla India are less than In < n many manynations manynatons manynations
nations natons of Europe the conditions condltlons of oflife 01le oflife
life le are too dissimilar dissimiar for the comparison comparisonto
to be of much value one may go to toAsia toAsia toAsiaand
Asia Asiaand and take the case of Japan Japanthe Japantheonly Japantheonly the theonly
only large independent State for which whichone whichone whichone
one has ha the required requiredatatistics statistics statstcs In Japan Japanin JapanIn Japanin
in 1891 189 one finds fnds a density densiy of Or273 273 to the thesquare thesquare thesquare
square mile mie and an average annual annualIncrease annualI annualincrease
I Increase tncreae for the lour preceding precedsl years of ofo
o 094 94 That is a position positon of affairs afairs very veryclose veryclose veryclose
close to that of India if Lower Burma Burmabe Burma Burmabe
be excluded For Jppan Jipan from its itsmore it itsmorenortberniysituation
more morenortberniysituation northernly nortberly situation is a country countryhe county countythe countrythe
the he inhabitants of which require more morerood morerood morefood
rood to sustain life It is able to export exportiood exportlood exportfood
food It I Itsupports supports not notndeed notindeedwith indeed with ease easebut eae eaebut easebut
but with leas difficulty difculty than India a amuch amuch
much greater taxation taxaton per head And AndIts Andits And AndIts
Its poverty however severe according accordingto
to European standards is far less than thanthat thanthat thanthat
that of oflndla India It I may indeed be urged urgedthat urgedthat urgedthat
that the adaptability adaptabity and varied occu occuatious occupatlous occuvations
patlous > atious of oftheJapanese the Japanese mark them oft oflfrom of oftfrom
from the Indians whose old manufac manufactures manufactures manufactures ¬
tures have been ruined by British Briish com competition competiion coinpetition ¬
petiion petition and whose institutions Instiutons have havebecome havebecome havebecome
become rigid In the resistance to alien aliengovernment alen alengoverment aliengovernment
government goverment and ideas It is a dangerous dangerousargument dangerousargument dangerousargument
argument for an apologist But one onemay onemay onemay
may accept it i and turning to India as asto asto asto
to a world in itself isel one may see if an anincrease anIncrease anincrease
increase of population populaton that would cause causeno causeno causeno
no alarm in east or west is there theresufc suffici sufficient suflicient ¬
ent to plunge the people into ever everincreasing everincreasig everIncreasing
increasing increasig poverty povertyAnd povertyAnd povertyAnd
And first frst without wihout going beyond the thegeographical thegeo thegeographical
geographical geo raphlcal borders of India let us uscompare uscmpare uscompare
compare cmpare the part under British Britsh rule with withs wih wihsme withsme
s sme > me of the most populous Native NativeStates NativeStates NativeStates
States In the Native Natve States under the theauthority theauthority
tle tleauthorty
authority authorty of ofldrs ofMadras Madras the single State S ate of ofTravancors ofTravancors ofTravancors
Travancors furnishing furnlshin more than two twothirds twotblrds twothirds
thirds of the population populaton one finds fnds a adensity adenslv adensity
density denslv of 385 and a yearly yeary increase Icrease of ofro6 ofro6
ro6 10 per cent and in Baroda a density densityof densityof294
of of294 294 294wlth with an al1lncrease Increase of ofJ05 ofzo 105 a density densityand densiy densiyand densityand
and an Increase in each case in excess of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the average fur British Britsh territory terrtory And Andin AndIn Andin
in Mysore lysore while whie It is tine tr ne that the den density densly density ¬
sity sly is less less177 177 to the square mile miethe mietheIncrease milethe miletheincrease the theincrease
increase is much in
greater lact lactas lactas tactas
as much greater as 181 or nearly nearlydouble nearlydouble nearlydouble
double that of British Briish India II I then thenthe thenthe thenthe
the rapid Increase of the population populaton of ofBritish ofBriish ofBritish
British Briish India is I the true cause of its itspoverty itspoverty
Is Ispverty
poverty what must be the state ol olBaroda 01Baroda ofBaroda
Baroda Mysore lysore and Travancore Yet Yetstrange Yetstranie Yetstrange
strange stranie as it may seem these thee States are arespoken arespoken arespoken
spoken of as comparative prosperous prosperousIt prosplrous prosplrousI
It I seems that it is only on Iv on British rlHsh terri territory terr tern terntory ¬
tory that an increase of population populatiol is isfatal isfatal isfatal
fatal to prosperity If again one con considers cunsiders cnnskiers ¬
siders not British Hrllsh India as a whole but buteach buteach buteach
each Province separately separtely one still sti finds findsthat fnds fndsthat findsthat
that there is i nothing abnormal about aboutthe abuutthe aboutthe
the growth of population populatonnothing populationnothing nothing that thatcannot thatcannot thatcannot
cannot be matched and more than thanmatched tbanmatched thanmatched
matched from the neighboring nel hboring States Statesunder Statesunder Statesunder
under Indian rule ruleThus ruleThus ruleThus
Thus one sees that the population of ofIndia ofIndl ofIndia
India Indl a most fertile fertie country inhabited inhabitedby Inhabitedby inhabitedby
by a most frugal people increases Increasls at a aslower aslower aslower
slower rate than that of otmany many countries countriesin countriesI
in I Europe at about the same s me rate as asJapan asJapan asJapan
Japan and at a slower rate than that of ofmany ofmany ofmany
many Native Natve States within wihin its own ownborders ownborders ownborders
borders that India suffers sufers under a apoverty apoverty apoverty
poverty which Is continually contnunlly increasing increasingthat mcreasioi Increasingthat
that the signs of this poverty are to be befound befound befound
found in districts districs where the population populationis populaton populatonIs i
is even diminishing diminIhing that of the other otherStates otherSttes otherStates r
States Sttes with which one has compared it itthough Itthough itthough
though representing representng a great range of ofcivilization ofciviizaton ofcivilization f
civilization civiizaton and prosperity some rich richana richana richann i
ana some poor none shows so hopeless hopelessa i
a degree delree ol poverty and that neverthe nevertheless nevertheI nevertheless ¬
less I s one Is asked askeC to consider the in increasfe 11 increase
crease creas of its population populaton as the main mainsource mainsource mainsource i
source source of its it misery mlertbe miserythe the one obstacle obstaclewhich obstace obstacewhIch obstaclewhich
which whIch thwarts twar the good intentions intea lo ot 9 9l < n i
< l
beneficent bene1cent and enlightened enlghtened Government GovernmentFinally GovernmentFinaly GovernmentFinally
Finally Finaly when one hears of ofoverpopu ofoverpopulation overpopu overpopulation overpopulation ¬
lation as a cause of Indian poverty is isit IsIt isIt
it meant that the people are too numer numerous numerous numnerous ¬
ous for the land to supply them with withfood withfood withfood
food Food is isexported exported from India every everyyear ever everyyear
year so that cannot be the meaning meanln meanlnIs
Is it meant that they the v cannot purchase purchaseforeign purchaseforeign purchaseforeign
foreign goods having in consequence consequenceof
of the thepressureofnumbers pressure pressureofnumbrs of numbers to toexpend expend all alltheir al alltheir
their energies in raising food The ex export export export ¬
port of raw cotton coton opium and andjute jute Is Issufficient Issufcient Issufficient
sufficient sufcient to pay for or the cotton coton goods goodswhich goodswhich goodswhich
which are the only foreign for lgn manufacture manufacturethe manufacturerthe
the mass oi the Indians use The Indians Indiansn Indiansneed
n need ed no food luxuriesthey export food Ioodand foo foodand
and yet one is told there is overpopu overpopulation overpopulation overpopulatlon ¬
lation But there is I one thing thlngone one has haslortotten hasforoten haslorotten
lortotten foroten ihere is one foreign luxury luxurythe luxurythe luxurythe
the most expensive of all luxuries and andin andin andIn
in that the people of India are forced to toindulge toIndulgethe toindulgethe
indulge Indulgethe the luxury of alien alen uovernment uovernmentand novernmentand flovernmentand
and alien alen exploitation exploitationGREAT exploiation exploiationGREAT exploitationGREAT
Win WJ HAl WKI WKIJournal WEIJourtlalte VarJouralde
Journal Jourtlalte Jouralde de St Petersburg PetersburgIt Peters urz urzI
It I has generally generaly been understood understoodabroad understoodabroad understoodabroad
abroad that this pacific pacfc occupation occupaton of ofChinese ofChinese ofChinese
Chinese territory teriory has been carried out outwith outwith outwith
with the formal assent of the Chinese ChineseGovernment ChineseGovernment ChineseGovernment
Government in legitimate satisfaction satisfactionol satisfacton satisfactonof
of the requirements of Russia The Thewhole Thewhole Thewhole
whole world will wi benefit beneft from the open opening cpening opening ¬
ing of an important market in I the Far FarEast FarEast FarEast
East as the TransSiberian TransSiberan railway raiway will willserve wi willserve
serve ns an artery for the commerce of olthe ofthe ofthe
the globe The important pacific pacfc bear bearing bearIng bearlug ¬
ing of a convention conventon having for its It basis basisthe basi basisthe
the maintenance of Chinese territorial territorialindependence terriorial terriorialfndeppndence territorialindepindence
independence fndeppndence has ha met metwith with equal appre appreciation appreciaton appreciation ¬
ciation ciaton Some of the British newspapers newspapersanimated newspapersanimated newspapersanimated
animated by feelings feelngs of rivalry miscon misconstrue misconstrue misconstrue ¬
strue the true character of this interna international mternatonal internatlonai ¬
tional tonal act and pervert its meaning meaningTheir meaningTheir meaningTheir
Their aim was the complete absorption absorptionof
of China by British Briish political poltical and com commercial commerc commercial ¬
merc mercial d influence infuente md < the new arrange arrangement arrangement arrangementdoesnotsatisfy
mentdoesnotsatisfy ment does not notsahsly satisfy them The narrow narrowviews narrowviews narrowviews
views ol these organs are not however howevershared howevershared howevershared
shared by all the great London news newspapers newspapers newspapers ¬
papers and the influential infuential provincial provincialpi prvincal prvincalpi provincialpiess
pi piess ess and the language ol certain Brit British Bri British ¬
ish statesmen will wi help in appeasing the theemotion theemotion theemotion
emotion which whih has aiisen in some cir circles cirdes ¬
alsen cr crces
cles ces des and in serving servin the interests of the thepolicy thepolcv thepolicy
policy polcv of ceneral pacification pacicaton pursued pursuedby pursuedby nursuedby
by Russia in the Far East as elsewhere elsewherein
in the world
Novosti NovostiThe NovostiThe ArovostiThe
The progress prOiress recently made by Russia RussiaIn Rusia RusiaIn RussiaIn
In the Far East has everywhere been beenreceived beenreceived beenreceived
received with favor except in Britain Brtain It ItIs ItIs Itis
Is useless uselest t to o argue with Great Britain Brtal or orchallenge orI orchallenge
challenge chalenge her to a combat On the thecontrary thecontrary tIlecontrary
I contrary it is in the interests ol pence peacethat pencet pencethat
that t bat the two powers should quietly quiety define definetheir defne defnetbeir definetheir
their respective respectve spheres sphtres ot activity actvity in inthn Inthf Inthe
the thf Pacific Pacfc
Navoe NItoe Vremya VremyaBritain VrtmyaBriain VrensyaBritain
Britain Briain may scold her diplomatists diplomatistsbut diplomatsts diplomatstsbut
but common sense should convince her herof herof herof
of the utter uter utility futity of a protest or of an aneventual aneentual aneventual
eventual eentual demonstration in the Gulf Gul of ofPechili ofPechl ofFechlli
Pechili Pechl
Tazeblatt TazeblattFor Taze 7agebtaIIFor al
For Germany the change chan1e of neighbor neighboris
is not exactly exacty adtantageous We must mustnow mustnow mustnow
now expect keen British Briish competition compettion in inShantung InShantung inShantung
Shantung Let us hope that our experi experience exper experlence ¬
ence in Africa Afria where we allowed alowed the theBritish theBrtl theBrltih
British Brtl h everywhere to scrape the buiter buiteroff buteroff bu1teroff
off our bread will not 10t be repeated repeatedV repeatedideani
V 1 ideant Consults Consultseriiner ConsultsBerinr ConsuleBeriner
Berinr Beriner eriiner Neueste Nelele Nachrichten NachrichtenThe Nacriclm NacriclmThe NaciricItenThe
The step is aimed aim cd In the first frst place placeagainst placeagainst placeagainst
against Germany which can no longer longerclaim longercaim longerclaim
claim caim Shantung as her exclusive excusive sphere sphereof
of influence Ifuence and secondly against Rus Russia Russla Russia ¬
sia whose position at Port Arthur is isthereby Isthereby Isthereby
thereby kept in check It I is therefore thereforeof thereforeofgreat
of ofgreat great Ireat strategic strtegic and political poltical but of olminor ofminor ofminor
minor commercial importance The Thestrategic Thestrate Thestrategic
strategic strate ic value ot Kiao Thou hou is of olcourse ofCQurse ofcourse
course thrown more into the foreground foregroundby
by Welt Englands En lands occupation occupaton of Wei Hai HaiWei HalWelt HaiWel
Vossische Zeiiunr ZeiiunrEvery Zt ZiiunvEvery mt
Every European Europeanacqulsilon Europeanacquisitlon acquisition in Eastern EasternAsia Easter EasternAsia
Asia Ass on the basis of free trade is wel welcome welcome welcome ¬
come to all commercial nations We Wetherefore Wetherefore Ve Vetherefore
therefore hail hai Englands acquisition acquisiton of ofWei ofWel ofWeI
Wei Hai Wei with satisfaction satsfacton provided providedthat providedthat
that no AngloJapanese quarrel agree agreeable a agreeable ree reeable ¬
able and profitable proftable to Russia alone alonegrows alonegrows alonegrows
grows out of ofit it
Je Temps TemtHBy TempsBy TembBy
By a piquant contrast alter aler having havingdenounced havingdenounced havingdenounced
denounced the unscrupulous powers powerswhich powerswhIch powerswhich
which b force or persuasion deprived deprivedChina deprivedChina deprivedChina
China of ofthls this or that member England Englandherself Englandhersel Englandherself
herself hersel Joins the covetous band indi indicates Indicates mdicates ¬
cates the choice choIe morsel for which she shelongs sbelongs shelongs
longs and politely poltely begs the Tsung li liYamen I iiYanien
Yamen which does not dream of resist resisting resistlng resisting ¬
ing kindly kind Iv to consent to this new little littleoperation ltte ltteoperation littleoperation
operation operationDEATH operationDBATU operationDSATII
Times TeSLondon London April Apri a aTne 2The aThe
The death in a lodging in Maryle Marylebone Marylebone Maryfebone
bone of Arthur Orton the once well wellknown wel wellknown
known Tichborne Tichbore Claimant recalls recallsthe recals recalsthe recallsthe
the story storyofthestrangestimposture of the strangest stranJet imposture that thatever thatever thatever
ever flourished fourished upon human credulity credulityRoger credulty credultyROIer credulityRoger
Roger Charles son of otSir Sir James Tich Tichborne Tlchborne Tichborne ¬
borne was born bor in I 1829 1119 lived lved in France Franceuntil Franceunti Franceuntil
until unti he was fourteen was then a pupil pupilat pupilat pupilat
at Stonyhurst entered fntered the army in 1849 1849and 189 189and x9and
and partly party on account accolt of clan an unprosper unprosperous unprosperous unprosperous
ous attachment atachment to his cousin Miss MissDoughty Mis MissDoughty
Doughty DouRhtyleft leftEngland England In 1853 He went wentfirst wentfrst wentfirst
first frst to Valparaiso and sailed saied Irom Rio Riode Rtode Riodejaneiro
de dejaneiro Janeiro In the Bells Bela which was be believed beleved believed ¬
lieved leved to have foundered at sea For Forthe Forthe Forthe
the purpose of the succession succeion his death deathwas deathwas deathwas
was legally legaly established establshed by a decree d cree of ofthe orthe ofthe
the Court of Chancery but his mother motherLady motherLady motherLady
Lady Tlchborne clung cung to the hope that thathe thathe thathe
he had escaped and frequently adver advertlsed advertsed advertired
tired tsed for him in Australian Australan papers In Inconsequence Inconsequence Inconsuquence
consequence of her advertisements advertsements n nperson aperson
person who professed profesed to be the missing missingRoger missingRoger
Roger Tichborne was discovered and andtowards andtowards andtowards
towards the end of ofx866 1866 cameto came to England Englandf
to assert his hlscalm clai m to the title tte and estates estatesThe
5 0 The Jury pronounced him himto himto
to be Arthur Orton convicted him of olperjury ofperJury ofperjury
perjury and forgery for2er and he was sen sentcnced sentenced seatenced
tenced to fourtesn Courte ourtesn n years year penal servitude servitudei serviude serviudeH
He H was wal released on a ticketofleave tcketorleave in 11 11J8
1884 J8 884 and made some feeble attempts atempt to tQ tQl toreawaken
reawaken l awakeup f public b1c sympathy y f P 1 but butexcet except e t tf
ing in the tle case of a jew cw exceptionally exceptionallycredulous exceptonaly exceptonalycredulous exceptionallycredulous
credulous individuals he met with wih no nosuccess noSUCcCS nosuccess
success The Thegreatmmposturewa51j Thegreatmmposturewa51jand great imposture was dead deadand deadand
and its corpse could not be galvanised galvanisedinto galvani galvanied galvaniedinto ed edInto
into more than a semblance of life lifeLady lfe lfeLady
Lady Tichbornes recognition recognitionof rec02niton rec02nitonof recognitionofOrton
of ofOrton Orton as her herson son was positivealthough positvealhough
it i might have been supposed that the thespeech thel thelspeech thespeech
speech the thoughts and the habits habis of oian ofan ofan
an ignorant butcher butcherwould would have haveshocked haveshockedand shocked shockedand shockedand
and disenchanted a delicately delcately natured naturedlady naturedlady naturedlady
lady In 1895 Orton set his hishand hishand hishand
hand to 9 i sworn confession conteslon ol the thejustice thejusticeofthe justice justiceof justce justceorhe
of orhe ofthe the verdicts and admitted admited his identity Identty
in articles which he
contributed to a apopular apopular apopular
popular newspaper and which have havesince havesince havesince
since been republished republshed in pamphlet pamphletlorm pamphletform pamphletform
form In these he told tbe whole story
of his fraud from its Is intention InceDton I to its itsfinal Is itsfinal
final fnal catastrophe and It I it be possible possibleto posible posibleto
to believe him in any circumstances crcumstances he hemay hemay hemay
fession may es ion probably be believed beleved in this con confession coro corofesllon cones ¬
Standard StandardLondon London April Aprl2 Aprl2One a aOne 2One
One thing was against atainst him which whichmight whichm whichmight
might m iht we thlnkhave think have told more strongly stronglyon stronglon
on his first frst appearance He never neverlooked neverlooked neverlooked
looked like lke a gentleman lenteman or like lke a man manwho manwho manwho
who had once been a gentleman genteman Of Ofcourse orcourse Ofcourse
course even the real Roger Tlchborne Tichborneafter Tlchborneafer Tlchborneafter
after afer having worked for many years In Ina Ina ina
a butchers shop might have shown shownsome shownsome shownsome
some traces of his recent occupation OCCUInton in inhis inhis inhis
his manner and appearance though the thebest thebest thebest
best tailors taiors might have done all al tha thawas thawas that thatwas
was possible for his appearance BTrt BTrtOrions I IffltOrtons
Ortons features bore the stamp of oloriginal ofonginal I Ioriginal
original coarseness and neither his hissmall hissman hissmall
small feet feetand and hands nor his natty naty coi coitume COItume coitumne
tume could alter aler their eRect His Hisstoutness Hisstoutness Hisstoutness
stoutness did not trouble his adherents adherentsRoger adherentsRoiter adherentsRogerTichborne
Roger RogerTichborne Tichborne Tibbore bad been a slim slm man manand manand manand
and Orton was a very fat one This is isa isa isa
a change that does sometimes sometmes occur occurbetween occurbetween occurbetween
between the ages ales of twenty and fifty filtyBut fltV fltVBut fiftyButnobody
But Butnobody nobody meeting me ting Orton in the thestreet thestreetwithout street streetwithout streetwihout
without wihout knowing anything about him himwould himwould himwould
would have taken him for or anything but buta
a prosperous publican publcan on his Sunday
holiday holday His own representations representatons and andthe andthe andthe
the knowledge which whih he seemed to topossess topossess topossess
possess of circumstances crcumstances germane to the thematter themater thematter
matter mater combined with the natural naturalinclination naturalInchnatlon naturalInclination
inclination of a soldier to befriend befrlenC an anold anold anold
old brother officer ofcpr may have prevented preventedthat preventedthat preventedthat
that criticism critcism of his exterior eterior which wblh was wasnot wasnot wasnot
not spared by those who were strangers strangersto
to him
Morning 11ormnE Past P PestLondon sfLondon London April Apri 2 aThe 2The 2The
The most brazen impostor of ofmodern ofmoderntimes moder modern moderntimes
times tmei is dead Arthur Orton Thomas ThomasCastro ThomasCastro ThomasCastro
Castro Sir Roger the Claimant Claimantlor Clalmantror Claimantfor
for he had inherited or acquired acqUred right to toall toal toall
all al these names and titles tilesdied titlesdied died yester yesterday veter veterday yesterday ¬
day morning moring after afer a career in whichhe whichhelanguished which which he heIanguished belanguished
languished more in I freedom than thanever thanever thanever
ever he had done in the prison prion on onDartmoor onDartmoor onDartmoor
Dartmoor For he had been reduced reducedto
to being on show in public pUblc houses hous6 as asa a asa
a fat man as well wel as in his once notori notorious notorious notorious ¬
ous character and to accepting acceptng the thegratuities thegratuites thegratuities
gratuities gratuites of working men at hum hUl hunble hunblesing > le lesing e esing
sing songs and friendly leads So Sohas Sohas Sohas
has the mighty mhhty alien falen And yet it is issaid Issaid Issaid
said that he continued contnued to the last to tospeak tospeak tospeak
speak of ofhimselfasSir himself as Sir Roger oger and of ofhis ofhis ofhis
his mother as a Lady Tichbornjg Tihborl Ticliborn To Toyounger Toyounger Toyounger
younger generation generaton he was but butname butnameif cfr name ame ameil
il 110 BO much as that but how largely he hebulked hebulked hebulked
bulked in the attention atenton of men who are aremiddle aremiddle aremiddle
middle aged or older I Though Thou h he was wasbut wasbut wasbut
but a butcher and hailed haied from VVap VVapplng Wapping Vapping
ping there was a largeness largenesPf ol Impudence Impudenceand Impudenceand Imnudenceand
and uublenchintgignoranceand unblenchin unblenching Ignorance Ignoranceand and certainty certaintyabout certaintyabout certaintyabout
about him that almost amounted to the theheroic theheroic theheroic
heroic e The passionate interest interesttaken Interesttaken interesttaken
taken in his case by all humble folk was wasextraordinary wasextraordinary wasextraordinary
extraordinary and no less le extraordin extraordinary extrordin extrordinary extruordinary ¬
ary was the way in which he won to his hiscause hl3cause hiscause
cause such men of ofeducation education and posi position poi poition position ¬
tion as Mr Guildford Guldford Onslow and Ind the thebrilliant thebrllant thebrilliant
brllant brilliant and unfortunate Dr Kenealy KenealyThough Kenlly KenllyThough KenoalyThough
Though the light Iht of his fame went out outas outas outas
as soon as he returned retured from his penal penalservitude penalservitude penalservitude
servitude he will wi be counted by the thehistorian thehistorian thehistorian
historian with Perkin Warbeck Titus TitusGates Tius Tiusates TitusOates
Gates ates Cagliostta a and the rest restTHE restTUB restTux
Australia Iustrala measures from north to tosouth tosouth tosouth
south 11900 19 zoo miles mie and from east to west wat
2400 240 miles mies the total irea rea being rather rathergreater rathergreater rathergreater
greater than that of the United States Statesand State Statesand
and almost equal to the whole of ofEurope ofEurope ofEurope
Europe Of this great island continent continentthe contnent contnenttbe continentthe
the colony of New South Wales Wale holds holdsthe bordsthe fiotdsthe
the choicest portion portionthe the southern sonther part partof partof partof
of the east coast coastthat that where with re remarkable reo reomarkable remarkable ¬
markable sagacity sagacty the first frst settlement settlementwas setteme t twas
was made Ittus I It hI his s the best climate clmate all allthe aUthe allthe
the most important rivers in Australia Australiathe Australa Australathe Australiathe
the great bulk of the coal region unlim unlimited unhmIed unlimIted ¬
ited Ied stores of ofall all al the useful minerals mierals and andthe andthe andthe
the finest fnet pastoral and agricultural agrlculurllands agrlculurllandsfor lands landsfor landsfor
for extra tropical tropIcl vegetation vegetaton besides besideswhich beide besideswhich
which its It extensive highlands afford affordclimatic aford afordclmatc affordclimatic
climatic clmatc conditions conditons for all al industrial industrialpurposes indutral indutralpurposes industrialpurposes
purposes It is naturally naturaly divided dlvldl into intothree Intothree Intothree
three parts the first frt being the rather rathernarrow rther rthernarrow rathernarrow
narrow coast district from fron 30 3 o to 150 150miles 150mies xo xomiles
miles mies wide abundantly abundanty watered watere by byriyers byrlyers byriyers
riyers and ane smaller smaler streams coming comiD down downIrom downfrom downfrom
from the mountains Th The rainfall rainfal here herefed hereCed herefed
fed by winds from the Pacific Pacf Ocean Ocon is isvery Isverv isvery
very abundant from 40 inches In the thesouth thesouth thesouth
south to 70 in the north lorth and at Sydney ydneySo
50 inches Inche Dairy farming Is i largely largelycarried largel largelycarried
carried on considerable quantities quantties of ofbutter ofbuter ofbutter
butter buter cheese ham and bacon bcon being beingproduced beingproduced a aproduced
produced annually annualy while wb he in the north northsugar northSUlar northsugar
sugar SUlar cultivation cultvaton is a staple industry industryIn indutry indutryIn
In vicinity VICiity of Sydney several sveral million milliondozen pllon pllondozen pillflondozen
dozen ol oranges orange are ar produced each eachseason ech echseason eachseason
season The second division includes includesthe Includa includesthe
the mountain ranges range extending the thewholt thewbolt thewhoic
wbolt wholt length of colony and widening wideningin wldenlg wldenlgIn
in the north into magnificent magnifcent table lands landson landl landson
on which are growing luxuriant crops qropsof Crop cropsof
of almost almot every known English Englih fruit fruitand frui fruitand
and every description descrpton of agricultural agriculturalproduce agriculural agriculuralproduce agriculturalproduce
produce The third division covers cover by bylar byfar byfar
far the larger area are and consists conit of the thegreat theKreat thegreat
great western wester plains extending away awy to tothe tothe tothe
the Darling Darlng River and thence to the theSouth theSouth theSouth
South Australian Australan border Here tlwre tlwreare thre threare titereare
are but few known mineral deposits depositsexcept dep0Js dep0Jsexcept depositsexcept
except copper and the enormous enormou de deposits deposit deposits ¬
posits posit of silver Sler and lead at Broken Hill Hilland Hmand Hilland
and no attempt atempt at agriculture Biriculure All the theland thelant theland
land lant may be said sid to be held for grazing graalngpurposes grlln grllnpurpOes grazingpurposes
purposes purpOes and tor that purpose now that thatcapital thntcapial thatcapital
capital capial has been invested Inveted In tankg tank and andwells andwels andwells
wells wels for water supply this court eotn try is isunequalled Isunequaled isunequalled
unequalled unequaled Sheep and cattle ctle thrive in ina fnR Ina
a remarkable degree and form fOf a mqst mqstprofitable mqstprofitabhe gst gstproftable
profitable proftable investment Ivestment thejcUnfaVe thQ1JJ the climat climatdry t jb fafc fafcand
and dr dry beast al and J w wouderftilly I delIUr 1 l healthto lh i 3 thaii 1l 1lara gk
e ara beat p

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