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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1873-1910, July 23, 1898, Image 1

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Our New ll1l1ow Cltlz CItlZfl1 n nThe
The native inhabitants of the thePhilippines
Philippines says Professor J B BSteere
Steere in the Sctmtijic AmerIcan AmerIcancan
t can be conveniently divided into intofour
i four aroupsthe civilized Indians Indiansthe
the Mohammedans the wild Indi Indians
ans and the Negritos or Attas AttasThese
These same divisions existed at atthe
the coming of the Spanish in 1519 1519though 5i
though their relative numbers numberslocation
location and other conditions must musthave
have changed greatly since that thattime
time The wild and ciilized In Indians
dians and the Mohammedans seem seemto L
to be all of Malay oripin and are areclosely
closely related to each other and andto I
to the native tribes ot Formosa on onthe I
the north and Borneo and Celebes Celebesto I
to the south rite civilized Indians Indianshave
have increased rapidly since the theSpanish
Spanish occupation and are the thereal
real citizens and inhabitants ofthe ofthePhilippines of the
Philippines They occupy the thecoasts
coasts and the rich level lands of ofthe o I
the northern central and easlern easlernislands I
islands and have lately occupied occupiednew I
new territory in Mindanao Basi
t 1 Pllawan and Mindoro They Theyr p
r according to Spanish ac
t 5 bet between ween six and seven sevenns severIi 1
Ii ns Mohammedans are de deing
1 lag if i importance and prob probin
in numbers also but are still stillrful stil I
rful in the south ot the arch i iPCIOSO
PCIOSO were they occupy the theSulu th
f Sulu Islands a great reat part of Min Mindanao
danao and Basilan and have foot foothold
i hold in Palawan They number numberaccording
ii according to Spanish statisti statistics cs csilbout
44 about three hundred thousand thousandThey I
iI They appear to have been derived derivedori2anally d
1 originally from native tribes of the thesame th thsame C
same degree of civilization as the theChristian th e
Christian Indians but have falIen falIenfar falle ri
far behind them in progress while whilethe whil e
L the two religions have caused such suchseparation suc h
separation and diflerence of cus customs
i toms and such mutual hatred as to tomake t 0
make them really distinct peoples peoplesThe peop1e
The Negritos or AUas are sup supposed su
posed to be ot Papuan stock ani aniare an 1
are no doubt the oldest living livinghuman livin g
human inhabitants of the Philip Philippines Phili
pines They appear to have been beendriven bee n
driven by the Rood at Malay in invasion ii I
vasion vasioiifar far inland into the maui mountains a
tains where they have dwindled dwindledto d
to a few thousand wandering wanderinghomeless wanderin F
homeless savages They are still stilllound sti ill
lound in certain portions of Luzon LuzonPanay Luzo n
Panay Negros and according to tosome
some someanthorities anthorities in Mindan Mindanao o oThe
I The uncivilized Indian tribes oc o C
cupv much of the interior and andt ai id
t mountanous parts of all the larae laraeislands Ian e
I islands of the group except Cebu Cebuand Ccl DU
I and Bohol in which they have haveeither ha ye
either been Christianized and andf a flia 1
f merged with the civilized Indians Indiansor Indai as
or have been driven out They Th ey
still occupy narly all the territory territoryof territc ry
I of the great islands of Mindoro and andPalawan a nd
Palawan They number accord according accoi r ii
ing to Spanish e estimates timates some somethree soi me
three or four hundred thousand thousandbelonging thousai rid
belonging to over fifty different differenttribes differi ent
tribes They are shut ofT ofTfrom from the thesea I
sea and means of communicating communicatingwith communicati ing
with one another and the ou outs side sideworld ide
I world by the civilized Indians Indiansaout Indi ins
I about them and probably remain remainiu rem ala
iu much the same condition of sav savagery s av
agery as when first observed by bythe I y yary
the Spai1ish It has been contrary contraryto contr ary
to Spanishpolacy Spanish policy in the Philip Philippines Phi tip
pines to subdue them by force forceand fo rce
and as they have usually remained remainedat retrial retrialat ned
at peace with their more powerful powerfuland powe mini minit
and better armed Christian neigh neighbors ei gri grixzst t
bors they still continue t to exist existbeJide e xzst
beJide them Missionary priests priestsare pri ests
are still making some impression impressionupon impres lion
upon them in a few localities localitiesa and anda
a few are baptized and become becon ne a apart aties
part of the Christian comm1nitiesj comm1nitiesjbut communi ties
but this process is a slow one p for forseveral
several reasons One of these II no noJoubt
Joubt IS the general apathy of ol the thepries
pries priests But the Spanish treat treatment ti r C at
4 y ment ofthc civilized Indians must musthave i iI
I have muc1i to do in making these thesei t
savages sav ages content with their present presentcondition
condition conditionAll co mdition
All persons of Indian blood who whoarc
arc are Spanish subjects are compelled compeUeclto
to o pay an annual tribute of a few lewdollars
dollars do llars graduated according to toiu
iu at atpel e and sex They are also com compelled
pelled pel pelye ted to live tar a portion of the theyur
yur ye ar at least in the incorporated incorporatedtowns
towns to topri wns in which are churches churchespriests
priests pri ests and Government officials officialsThese
These Th ese with other forms of com compulsorvand
pulsorvand pu puGo lsory and unpaid service to th thGovernment
Government Go vernment and Church are said saidby
by byiza the Spanish to be aids in civil civilization
ization iza tlon the tribute making It nec necessarv
essarv ess ary that the Indian naturally naturallyindolent
indolent ind olent and improvident earn or orsave
save sav e something besides what he heeats
eats eat s and wears wears and the compul compulsory
sory sor y residence in the towns brln brlning bring
ing him under the in intlueucr uellc of the theChurch
Church Ch urch and schools and other civ civilizinR
ilizinR iliz ing agencies These exactions
01 the Spanish Government are areenforced
enforced en forced by the officials 01 the thetowns
towns to wns b1 flogging and imprison imprlsonment
ment mc mcfin nt in the stocks The Indians Indiansfind
find fin finthe d this s system stem hard to bear and andtheir
their the ir resentment is shown in the thepresent
present pr esent and former rebellions rebellionsTheir
Their Th Thtio eir feeling toward the imposi imposition
tion tio tiosa n of tribute is shown by their theirsayin
sayin sa ying that the monkeys could talk talkif
if they t would but they keep silent silentso
so as not to have to pay tribute tributeNumbers
Numbers Nu mbers of the civilized Indians Indianswnen
wnen wh en in debt and unable or un unwill will willing
ing La g to pay tribute longer escape escapeto
to the mountains and forests where wherethey
they th ey either eitherjoin join the savages directly directlycr
cr form little communities ot their theirown
own ow n The Spanish call these by bythe
the th e expressive term 01 remon remontadosmen
tadosmen ta who have mounted mountedagain
again ag ain into the saddle 01 savagery savageryThe
The Th e aggregate of these nmontador nmontadorin
in the islands must be considtra considtrable
ble bl e While at atthe the town of Arevalo Arevaloin
in 1887 one 01 these men who had hadnot
not no t entered his native town for forthree
three th ree years except as he had stolen Itolenin
in at ni night ht paid his back tribute tribuleand
and an l other dues from th themoney money he heearned
earned ea rned as a hunter for our party partyand
and an d again became a citizen A Asystem
system sy stem which is driving many back backto
to a savage life can have little at attraction
traction tra ction or the independent mdi n i iaIlS
aIlS an s and while in many cases they theyallow p
allow all ow their children to be baptized baptizedt11ey
t11ey tli eV aeneraUy prefer their liberty libertyto
to the advantages of ofa a clvilied life lifeLike
Like the civilized Indians the thesavages
savages sa vages are brown in color with withcoarse I
coarse co arse straight black hair and andlittle I I
little lit tle beard They seem to be besomewhat
somewhat so mewhat smaller and sli slighter hter of offigure o I
figure fig ure th than n their Christian neigh neighbors
bors ho rs Their languages show close closeJdnsnip cios
Jdnsnip ki nsflip to those of the civilized civilizedtribes
tribes tri bes aojacent and also ascJose to those thoseofthe tbos
ofthe ci the savages of Formosa Few of the thetribes th thbes S
tribes tri bes possess lands fit for cultivation of of10w1and o f
10w1and lo wland I rices Ices and fewer still have the thenecessary tb e
necessary ie cessary skill and Implements and andplough am I
plough pl ough beasts Iuffaloes or culilvating culilvatingsuch cull Ivatinl
such lands Their recourse IS the coni om ommon
mon m on one 01 savages nearly th world worldroundthey won LI
roundthey ro cut offsmaJl portions ot the thelorest th e
lorest lo rest during the th dry season and after afterburning atte r
burning b urnlngthis this over they plant at the thebeginning th
beginning b 01 the rainy season upland uplandrice uptan U
rice ri ce maize sweet potatoes c among amongthe nmon g
the th C blackened logs and slumps The Thesupply Th
supply su pply of ood thus gained Is uinalJy uinalJyInsufficIent usuafl usuaflsufficient
InsufficIent in sufficient and alter It Is eaten up they theylead the y
lead le ad a miserable txlstence scourinlt 1be 1bewoods iii iiioods ye e
woods w oods for game and wild wildirultand Irultand gomg gomgto gem gemthe
to t the sea beach wh whinever never they can canreach en
reach r each It for shell fish and other food foodTheir 1
Their T heir method o of Icultivatlon compels compelscontinual compe compeontinual is
continual c change of otplace place Their Uttle Uttlepatches litti ie ieatches
patches p atches 01 cleared forest ca can only De Decultivated t me
cultivated c In their rude way for one or ortwo
two t woyearswhen years when they theyareaandonedar are aDandoned and andnew
new n ew pIeces of fore forest t chosen In hunting huntir ig
1 i have repeatedly found heaps of shells shellsand shel shelnd Is
and a nd bOIJes and bits 01 arthenware arthenwareprools e
prools p roofs of former occupation an the themidst ti e
midst of apparently virgin forest Tbeir Tbeirhouses The
houses h ouses are usually bUIlt after the plan of ofthose
those t of the civilized IndIansa basket basketlike bask t
like h ke structure of bamboo and palm palmleaves pal paleaves in
leaves l eaves raised upon posts above tbe tbeground t he
ground but they are not so well wellbuit w eli
buit built and are ocCupled occupied but a few yea yeaThey ears earsThey
They are not notbiiIltIntocompactvilJag notbiiIltIntocompactvilJagbut buit Into compact vilages vilagesbut
but a few scatered scattered houses are formed formedwIthout form ed edbe
wIthout wmthoutStreetS streets but near nea enough to towithin be bewithin
within cal call Necessariy Necessarily what can be besaid
said of such a multtude multitude 01 detached detachedtribes detach detachtribes led
tribes In regard to their cothing clothIng arms armsreJilon am ns nsreligion
reJilon religion c must be of the most gi gieral In Ineral
eral cbararter cbararter Their clothing usualy usualyconsists usus
consists solely of ofthe the tapanbo or orbre breech breechcloUI ch
clout al all else generaly generally being In the thenature I
nature of ornament and consistng consisting consistingbeads of ofbeads
beads about the head and neck and andarms mnIarms
arms and anklet anklets or lelJes leglets of boars boarsbrlstes bo
bristles and frequenty frequently wih wIth brght brghtcolore bri bricolored ght
colored pear pearl shells hanging upon the theback theback
back or breast The Spanish autboriles autborilesdo authoi ties tiesthe
do do not alow allow the savages to ente enter the thetowns
towns In their ordinary state of naked nakedness nak ed
ness They frequently blacken the theteeth
teeth and In some cases fe file them to t a apoInt
poInt Some tribes wear a sUf stift round round1lat roi mind
bat simiar similar to the salacot ot the civized civizedIndians clviii clviiiIndians zed
Indians other tribes wear n turban or ii iibareheaded go gobareheaded
bareheaded Tat Tattooing oolng Is common commonamong comm
among them but varCs varies wlb with each tribe tribeTheir tr ibe
Their arms are a large knife or cutlass cutlasscarried cut cutcarried lass
carried In a wooden scabbard tHis serv serving a cmv cmvlag
lag for an ax and hoe as wel well as a 5 a aweapon aweapon
weapon weapon of war In addition to tothey this thisthey
they carry a lance or spear anti some sometribes s stribes
tribes are Irmed armed with bows andiarrows andiarrowsThe andarri w5 w5The
The more warlke warlike tribes have stlelds shieh Is 01 01arious ofvarious
various forms lormsSome formsSome
Some 01 the the wider wilder tribes oj oj North NorthLuzon N orth orthLmizon
Luzon are said stiI still to hunt the heads heai is of oftheir oftheIr
their enemIes with which to orlament orlamenttbelr oniar oniartheir
their dwelngs dwellings lke like the headjhuntlog headjhuntlogsavage bcadhur
savage savages 01 Formosa and the theBorneo yaks rs of ofBorneo
Borneo but the tribes fn contact with
wih wihi1
i1 f J 1 < J JI
the Christan Christian Indians conte 1t themselves themselveswith themselvesth
with wi th hanging the skul9 skulI of monkeys monkeysdeer
deer dee deethe r wid wild boars and bufaloes buffaloes about abouttheir
their the ir doors They al alt seem to have haveome
som ome e Idea of n great spirit who rles rlesover rules rulesr
over ove r the afdrs affliirs of omen men They also recog recogDze
Dze nmz e spirIts 01 lower orders some good goodsome
some som e eVil the evUones evil ones cusing causing disease diseasednd
and death In men Each viage village usually
has haswh one who serves as prest priest and doctor doctorwho
who wh o Is supposed to be a special favorte favorteof favorite favoritehe
of the t he great greatspirlt spiri His chief chiefdutles dutes scem scemto seem
to be to cure disease or to foretell Is Isresul its
resul res ult He is usualy usually aIded by certain certainotd
old women who undertake to frighten frightenaway
away aw awges ay the evl evil spirit by cries and wild vld vldgestures
gestures ges tures They do not appear to II hive hivels ve veIdols
Idols ido ls but some pay reverence to certain certainstones
stones sto nes before which they place food and anddrink
drink dri nk They have many forms of tabu tabulke
lke like the other Island dwelng dwelling people of ofthe
the thefen Paclf Pacifi At the death ofa persn a afence
fence fen ce 01 bushes Is hult built about the viage viageand village villagefor
and for or a certain period no one is al allowed
lowed low ed to enter or depart food lor those thosewihin
wihin wit hin being brought bV Iriends to the thefence
fence fen ce where i It Is received by thoe thoewithin those
within wit witthe hin The Thei are usualy usually monogamists monogamiststhe
the wie wife ielng elng purchaseo from her herparent herents
parent par ents DIYrcc Is common the pur purchase
chase cha se price being retured returned wih with mba Ihedivorced
divorced div orced woman Their laws ae are pro procaimed
caimed clai med and enforced by the elders of ofthe
the tImekin vial villages s rather than by chiefs or orkings orgs
kings kin gs The Spanish whenever they theyhave
have hav e come in contact with the wid widtribes wild
tribes trib es have undertaken to gal gain Infuence Infuenceamon influence
amon am ong them by recolnizlng recognizing sme some head headman
man ma n 01 the vla village e as chief or lo oberna erfa erfadorcilo
dorcilo dor doroffi cillo giving Ivlng him as a svmbolofhls svmbolofhlsofce symbol of his hisce
ofce offi ce a cane and perhaps a few arUces arUcesof articles
of castof c astoffmilitary mitary uniform uniformMy
My M y first visit to the Lagbanuas 01 01Palawan
Palawan Pat awan was made in August 01 1874 1874A
A small s mall vilage village 01 them existed near the thenewly
newly ne neces wly establshed established town of Puerto Prln Prlncesa rin rina
cesa ces a The patches 01 rice among which whichtheir
their the ir houses were built were not yet yetripe
ripe rip e but they were already rubbing out outthe
the sot kernels and roastng roasting of ofi the hulls hullsand
and eating them They appeared lke lkewalkln like
walkln wal walcov king skeletons having not yet reo reocovered me
covered cov ered from the long lamine sice since the thelast theharvest
last harvest 1 was taken to the house hOllseof
of oft the hegobernadorcila lobernadorco who I found Sit Sittng
tng tin g at his door clothed lke like the rect rest In Ina
a breach b reach clout He had planted several severalposts
posts pos posorn ts before his house whih which were wereornamented
ornamented orn amented wh strips of bark and andcolored andored
colored col ored leaves Aler After shaking hnnd hnndwith
with wit h me he retreated into his dwellIng
blsdwelng blsdwelngand
and after a moment ctme came out wih with his hiscane
cane can e and dressed In an old Spanish Spanishmiltary
miltary mil milan itary coat wih with big brass butons butonsand buttons
and an d a co ked hat wih with tarished tarnished bands bandsand bandsd
and an d tasels He undertook t to show me mea
a nearer n earer way to the river anl and struted strutedalong strutted
along alo ng the path before me with his cane canehis canethin
his thin bare brown legs sticking out outblow
blow bel belint ow his miltary military coat Whie While In the theinterior
interior int erior of llndoro Mindoro in 1888 we were werevisited wereited
visited vis ited at our camp by the Manglanes ManglanesThose
Those Th ose seen were a Jlte little people The Thempn
mpn me n were naked but for the breech breechcJout
cJout clo ut and armed with knives and bows bowsand
and an anpe d arrow arrows The women wore a curious
curous curouspetioat
petioat pe tticoat ofhin ofthin strips of ofrattan ratan braided braidedInto braidedo
Into int o a narow narrow ribbon 01 the width of ofthe ol
the th e finler finger Many any yards of this ribbon ribbonwere
were we re wound about the hips and held In InDlace
Dlace pla ce by a strip of bark coth cloth fastened to tothe
the th e girdle They gathered up the bis bisof bIts
of crocodies crocodiles fesh flesh wJIIrh wbih we were cut cuttlng cutg
tlng tin g of off In making a skeleton and roast roasting
ing In g ti1em at our fre lire ate them with withgreat I
great gr eat relsh relish On their second coming comingthey
they th ey brought us wld wild honey and wid wild fruit fruitin
in bark basket baskets lor barter In the thefuture
future fu ture of the Phllppines Philippines the wid wild tribes tribeswi tribell I
wi wi ll probably have but a smal small share shareThey sharehey
They T hey must be pradualy gradually merged wiLl wllhthe wiLle
the th e cIvized czvllized trbes tribes or be as gradually graduallystarved gradualliarved
starved st arved to death by being pushed back backby bad badthe
by the rapidly mu1tpJylng multiplying civilzed civilzedIndians civilizer I
Indians In dians The he hundred thousand Chin ChineSe Chine
eSe es e and the two Ilndred hundred thousand thousandMohammedans I
Mohammedans M of the souther southern Islands Islandswil S
wil w ill form more powerful facors factors In mak makIng
Ing in g future history as the they have aJready alread V
In making that of the past pastThe pastrhe
The Irgllar Regulars at Santao SantaoThe Santiago
The Satirday Satrday Revt Review patroniz patronizingly
ingly in gly I complments compliments us on the cx cxcelent cx
celent c ellent work at Sant Santiago ago of our ourraw ou r
raw troops led by officers as asraw a S
raw r aw as t themselves There were weresome wer e
some s ome raw troops at Santiago and andthey an d
they t hey did admirable work notwith notwithstanding I
standing s the insinuations of lbel lbellers Iibc I
lers l ers in New York to the contrary contrarybut r
but b ut the bulk of the forces that thatcompeled th it
compeled c ompelled Torah to surrender were wereless wer e
less l ess raw th n alY arty troops in Europe EuropeThey C
They were professional soldiers soldiersof 5
of o f mature years hardened by long longservice ion g
service s on the frontier and com commanded 11
manded mande l by ofcers officers who had re received r l
ceived the theoretical and practi practical pract 5
cal mitary military training of a lifetime lifetimeincludinR e
includinR i in many cases com commands car a
mands in war on a vast wale cale a a gen generation ge n
eration ago agoCompared
Compared with the America Americaregulars Americregulars tr
regulars the young conscripts of ofthe
the mitary military powers of Continental ContinentalEurope
Europe are hardly more than mi m 1
itia Our regular army IS sma mal i11
but it is the concentrated fightii q
fghtin fghtinessence
essence of a f6hting flhting people peoplesplendid Is Issplendid qs s
splendid work at Santiago merely merelysustains mere
sustains the unbroken re record ord of o ohundred a ahundred
hundred years yearsTlt
Tlt TilE Senate refuses to confirm confirmWimberly confl conflWimberly rm
Wimberly for Colector Collector ot Cus Customs Ci 2s
toms at New Oreans Orleans because 2sof of ofWimberlys
Wimberlys very bad charactu charactuSo charact er
So afttr after the Senate has adjourned adjournedthe adjourn ted
the President appoints Winbery Winberyad Wimbe Wimbead ny
ad interim This is
Wimberlys Wimberlysreward Wiinberl Srs Srsed
reward for or having turned Reed Reedvotes Rt ed
votes over to McKinley in the Na Natonal I a
tonal tional Convention It is about as asdisreputable
disreputable a a proceedlnl proceeding a9 ever everoccured e ver
occured occurred fa in natonal nationatpoHtics poltic llr llrMtKfnley I IMtKlnIey lr
MtKlnIey has much b be
MtKfnley to proud proudof prc ud udof
of Of Ofhs his Louisiana appoidtments appoidtments1e appointme nts ntstly
1e ashamed liehas has o oc asfon asrononly only to be abjecty abjectyashamed abjem abjemashamed tly
t J
Tho TlioCorrutt Cerrut Caso CasoThe
The T he arrival of Admiral Candi Candianis Candis
anis anti s squadron of four war vessels vesselsat
at CaJragena on Saturday must be beconsidered
considered con sidered as having havinr a relation to toIalys
Ialys Ita lys enforcement of her caim caimagainst claim
against aga inst Colombil Colombia although it does doesnot
not folow follow that a a hostie hostile demon demonstraton
straton str ation for that purpose wi will be bemade
made ma de To Or own country the theafair
afair affa ir is of special interest beause beauseItalys
Italys Ita lys claim is based wholy wholly on onan
an award in her favor made by our ourGovernmeIt ourvernment
GovernmeIt Go vernment acting as arbier arbiter The Theuse Theof
use of force to obtain the satsfac satsfaction satisfac satisfacn
tion tio n of such suchan an award ward is quitedi quitedif
f fer rent ent from its use where no resort resortto
to arbitration has been had as aswhen
when wh en for example Grea Great Britain Britainin
in past years sezed seized and occupied occupiedCorinto
Corinto Co rinto to colect collect unadjudicaled unadjudicaledcaims
caims cla ims against Nicaragua and as aswhen
when urh en sti still more recently Germany Germanvthreatened
threatened thr eatened to bombard Por au auPrince
Prince Pri nce in order to collect such suchclaims suchims
claims cla ims against Hayti HaytiUnder
Under U nder al an agreement made by byItaly
Italy Ita Ly and Colombia about four fourvears
vears yea rs ago the President of the theUnited
United Un ited States was chosen to de determine
termine ter mine what indemnity the later laterowed latter
owed ow ed to Mr Cerruti an Italian Italianresident
resident res ident in her domains whose whosestores
stores sto res and otter other property had hadbeen hadn
been bee n destroyed during the rebe rebel
lion lio n of 188S i88 Mr MrCleveland Cleveland at atthat
that tha t time President made an anaward
award aw ard last year two days daysbefore
before bef ore loin1 going out 01 office I It
amounted am ounted if ifwe we do not mistake mistaketo mistakeabout
to about S300ooo 3OOOOO and Colombia Colombiaproceeded
proceeded pro ceeded to pay it by instalments instalmentsI
I rt Would apnear that as to the fnal fnalpayment final
payment pay ment which was the larJest larJestsome largest
some so me dispufe arose regarding the therate
rate rat e of echange which however howevrwascomp
wascomp wa s compamatively uatvelya a smal small mater materand matter
and that in addition Colombia re refUed
fUed fus ed to acknowledge the valdity valdityof validity
of the filth artce article of Mr Cleve Clevelanls
lanls ian Ys award which required the thereimbursement
reimbursement rei mbursement of Mr Cerruti for forhavin
havin ha ving paid certain partnership partnership
debts de bts as she held this to be a mat matter +
ter outside of the points submited submitedto submittec submittecMr
to lr Mr Cleveland I IThis
This last is presumably the mal malground main
ground gr ound for Italvs charge of non noncomplance
complance co mpliance on Colombias part partwith
with wi th the award Colombia hav having
ing protested against that feature featureof
of the award on March 3 189 189701 or orthe
the very day it was announced to toher I
her he r now wants to have her protest protestconsidered
considered co nsidered by the President of the theUnied
Unied Un ited States holding the arbiter arbiterto
to be the ofce office rather than the in individual
dividual di vidual incumbent and reconi reconiing
ing in g the fact that reconsideration reconsiderationby
by Mr Cleveland is impossible impossiblesince
since sin ce he went out of ofce office the next nextday nex t
day da y Italy plants hersel herself simply simplyon
on the award as being beingin in its terms termsfinal termal S
final fin al <
I Ilo
TIH Carolhie CarolhieThe
The impression impression prevaing prevailing at atHonolulu a t
Honolulu H onolulu th that t the Mo terey had hadorders hai 1
orders or ders to raise the American fla flaover flai
over ov er the CaroInes Carolines maYor may cm may not notbe no t
be well wellloundedbutthetask founded but the task is for forsome to r
some so me one of fur cnir warships on the theway th e
way w ay to Manila to perform performIt
It would probably be as easy easytoo
too to o as the Charlestons capture of ofthe c I
the th e Ladrones and milht might require requireonly e
only o nly as brief a diversion from the thedirect th Le
direct di rect route to the Philippines PhilippinesThe S
The T he Carolnes Carolines are a widely scat scattered sca t
tered te red archipelago stretching stretchingthrough stretchin 2
through th rough many hundred mies miesnealy mile s
nealy n early east and west In a belt be between bi
tween t ween three and eleven de degre4 rees reesnorth s
north n orth of the equator rhc groups groupsof 5
of o f which there are two or three threescore thn c
score s core are independent of each eachother ear h
other o ther and in fact each i island land is isusualy
usualy u sually a lte little republc republic in itself itselfSpain itse itsepain 11
Spain S pain asserted her ri nitht ht of discov discovery disco VP
ery c ry there three threeandahalcenturi and a half centuries centuriesago Cs
ago a go but did so litle little under that thatright th at
right r that Germany tred tried to appro appropriate appr 0
priate p riate the islands In our own time timeThe tmni IC
The T he queston question of ownership was wasrefered w as
refered r eferred to Pope Leo who decded decdedit decid wed ed
it f t in Spains favor but she has hassince h as
since c continued ntnued to do ltte little or noth nothing not h
ing i ng to develop the islands She Shehad S he
had at one tme time a smal small garrison garrisonand garris on
and a gunboat at Ponape where whereshe wlu re
she s he sought to raise taxes and she shemay s smay he
may have troops elsewhere elsewhreThe
The consulations consultations which Capt CaptLeutze Ca pt
Leutze of the Monterey had at atHonolulu
Honolulu with Cay Cayof of thc mission missionary missim Mi
ary bark Moring Morning Star ma may have haverelated h Lye
related to the places where Spain Spainhad Sp ala
had her flag up so that he migh mu bt I
go o and pul pull it down Our Amer American Am er I
ican missionarie missionaries have been busy busyin bi sy
in the Carolnes Carolines and other Pacic Pacicislands Pac ific
islands for much more thana than a aen aeneration g gcration en
eration and a ship to communi communicate comnmt ml mlcate
cate between the various statons station S is isas isas
as necessary as a horse to a Mcth Mcthodist Mc th thodist
odist circuit rder rider The Morning MorningStar Morn ing ingStar
Star knows much about the Caro Carolnes Ca ro rolines
lnes lines and was glad to tel tell what ever everCapt ver verCapt
Capt Capt Leutze required whether whetherhis whet her herhis
his purpose was to raise our fna fnaover flag flagover
over them or merely to fnd find out outwhat
what harbors would be mOt con conicnt c on onvenient
venient icnt for a transfer of cosl from fromL fi rom romt
t t t L
the th e Montereys coler collier should that thatbe
I be needed neededWe neededWe
We ought to ti occupy at the ear earlest earst
lest lie st possible day both the Caro Carolnes
lnes lin es and the Pdews which form tormtheir
their the ir westerly extension Then Thenwe Thenshall
we shal shall have a clean sweep of the theSpanish theanish
Spanish Sp anish islands from Germanys GermanysMarshal Germanysarshall
Marshal M arshall group to the PhIlppines Philippines Philippinesthe
1 ui the Monterey or the Monadnock Monadnockhas
has ha s not yet added them to our do domains doins
mains ma ins toe Phiadelphia Philadelphia wi will prob probably proby
ably abl y correct the fault faultLabor
Labor Labors Day JJft 18 Ooollna joining
An Egyptian papyrus in the themuseum
museum mu seum of Turin recenty recently dec dcci
phered ph ered gives an account ofa strike strikein
in Thebes under Rameses II III
Those Th ose workmen of thousands of ofyears
years ye ars ago refused to labor because becausethey
they the y ycre ue starving and they seem seemto
to have been more or less success successful
ful lu for or the authorites authorities issued I Irations
rations rat ions to them
11 Th exhumation of ofthis this ancient ancientstory
story sto ry moves the phiosophers philosophers of ofthe
the Commonplace School them themseves
seves sel ves invariably wel tvell fed to re remark
mark ma rk that
there is nothinl nothing new newunder
under un der the sun that labors discon discontent
tent ten t is not a modern phenolenon phenolenonand phenomenon
and an d has nothing to do with the themarch
march ma rch of civilization
cvization cvizationTllat
That is consolng consoling doctrine for foral
al all superior beings who modesty modestyassume modestly
assume ass ume that the workingman is of ofdiferent
diferent dif ferent cay clay from themselves and andwa
wa s made to produce things for fortheir
their the ir enjoyment enjomentAnother
Another view of the Theb Thebes es esstrike
strike stri ke is that
injustice is as old as ashistory
history his tory and that ever the people peoplewho
who wh o do the worlds work have been beengiven
given giv en a hard tme time of itthat it is isin
in the nature of man to take away awaywhat
what wh at another ears earns i if he possesses possessesthe
the power And even as the the strik striking
ing E Egyptians yptians would have starved starvedto
to death had they depended on the thewise
wise wis e and good and comfortable to tomake
make ma ke ther their fght fight for them so labor laborIn
In these later laterdays days must depend depencion on onitel
itel its elf to remedy the wron wrongs s from fromwhich
which wh ich it sufhrs
sufus sufusThe
The strikers f Thebes struck struckagainst
against ag ainst famine the moder modern strike strikeof
of authorized labor is usualy usually for forthe fore
the th e maintenance of wages that thatwould thatuld
would wo uld have seemed afuence affluence to tothe
the th e toiers toilers under the Pharaohs PharaohsThat
That Th at is a mighty advance advanceAnd
And there is constant pro progress ress ressIn
In this republc republic the lawmaking lawmakingpower r
power po wer is in the hands of the work workcrs
era They have but to express expresstbelr I
tbelr th eir wi will and their wi will is done doneSlowly
Slowly Sl owly it is coming but coming comingnone
none no ne the less obviouslythe day daywhen da
when wh en the law wi Will be taken as a aweapon n I
weapon w eapon from the strong hand of ofthe o I
the th e spoier spoiler and used as a defense defensefor
for fo r the weak weakThe
The wider lfe life the greater reater needs needsthe I
the th them e hi higher her ambitions of this mod modern
ern em time are transforminl transforming the theworker thi C
worker w orker from a mindless drudge drudgeinto e
into in to a thinking freeman who wi wil 1
vote vo te away the necessity for strik strikina
ina in g against famine faineTho
The New SPOOK Fleet FleotOur
Our Government received with withderision witi ii
derision d the story that Admiral AdmiralCamara LI
Camara C amara wi will start with hal halt of his hisforlor hi 5
forlor fo rlorn fleet to cross the Atantc Atantcand Atlanti C
and a nd atack attack our coast coastThis
This would be beabout about onetourth onetourththe oneburt h
the th e efectve eflective stren strength th of Admiral AdmiralCerveras Admir ti
Cerveras C erveras Santiago squadron and andas an I
as a s it took us just fftysix fiftysix minutes minutesto s
to t o fnish finish up that ttholesquadroi hole squadron squadronwith i
with w ith the exception ot the feema feemaand flecin flecinnd
and nd doomed
a Cristobal Colon a alttle attle
lttle li ttle arithmetic wi will show that thatAdmial th t tId
Admial A dmiral Canaraithe Camarait he should shouldstaJt shoul Id
staJt s tart for this countrywould Rive Riveus gi e
us u s just about fourteen or fifteen fifteenminutes fifte n
minutes m inutes amusemtnt amusement before his hiswhite Ii is
white w hite fag flag would call for the order orderto ord Cr
to t o cease firing firingIt
It is hardly worth whie while even for fora I or
a phantom feet fleet to come so far to toaccomplsh
accomplsh a ccomplish so ltle little There is isabout is
about a as much lkdihood likelihood that tI his hispor mis
por p oor remnant of Spains navy wi w ill
s tart rt across the Atantic Atlantic a there is isthat
that t hat Cerveras erveras fleet wi will appear of Di S
the t he New England shores to repeat repeatthe repe at
the t he frght fright of the foolsh foolshr foolshWiDt foolish foolishWhat
What WiDt las has Japlooea IIponed to Oovolaud OovolaudMr Clovoiu d dMr
Mr Grover Cleveland of Prince Princeton Prim e
ton N J is said to have sub SL ib ibscribed
scrbed scribed for 10000 of the new war warbonds ar arbonds
bonds This seems incretible incretibleHow Encredih Ic IcHow
How could Mr Cleveland
be w ill illing
ing to risk
his money in J per er ercent
cent coin bonds in time of war v ar arwhen
when he ofcialy officially informed Con Congress Ci an angress
gress that no bonds could be befoated beS
foated floated at that rate even in time S of ofpeace 0 0peace f
peace unless unlessthey they were specificaly specificalypayable specifica Lily Lilypayable
payable in gold and when he hethouaht hethought
thought that 1045 io was enough for forf forPierpont
f Pierpont Morgan to pay for to r 4 4per 4per
per cent cents rated in the market at atug a t
ug ugThe
The Prnceton Princeton statesmans ex experience cxperience I
perience with that deal seems to tohave tohave
have made inadehim him reckless Perhaps Perhapsin Perh aps apsin
in his present prosperity a few fewthousand f ew ewthousand
thousand dolars dollars more moreorless or Jess may maynot r naynot
not bc worthworrying about aboutI
< j
1 10
Translated tr andated and Selected fro from eadinr
EuopeanPIPlrsll E urOeanagrsfr Mc e SENTINEL SENTINELENGLAND
TimesLondon July uly 5 5Tbe
Tbe T he difficulties of the navigaton navigation pre presumably
sumably sum ably caused the Admial Mmiral to make
his hisway bold effort by daylght daylight HI Ht Jed l d the theway
way In the Cristobal Colon and was
lollowed foll owed by the Oquendo and Vlzcaya
The Th e Amerians Americans waied waited unt until the Span
lards lard s were cear clear 01 the guns of Morro
Castlea Cas tlea fact factwhiclt whih shows that Admiral
Sampson Sa Saent mpson may stl still have some trouble II In
entering ent ering the barbor arbor and taking the city I Ifrom
from fro m the rear The Spanish sailors ciy
seem see m to have fought quite al as pluckily saiors saiorsseem
their the ir comrades at Cavie Cavite or In the
trenches tren ches
round Hantiago but their theirmarksmanship
marksmanship mar mardle ksmanship unlke unlike that o of the sol
diers dle rs was so bad that they got only a aslnlle
slnlle sing le Short home The American Americanpractice
practice pra ctice on the other band seems to toe
have hav e been deadly The
dearly shIps shIpswere shIpse
were wer e repeat reneatedly ly set on fre fire and the men
drven driv drivretu en for a tme time from the funs only to tor
r retu turn rn to them
moment it was waspossIble
possIble possIbleThe pos sible
The T he moral effect of the total destruc
tlon of ofthe the only Spanish ships which whichcould
could cou ld be counted as efective eflective in Cuban Cubanwaters
waters wat ers must be great even upon the
bravedefenders bra brahe vedefenders of ofSantiago Sautago Now that
he foatng floating defensts of the habor harbor have
been bee n removed it
mayalso may also prove prac practcable
tcable tica ble to force the entrance to the port portnotwithstanding
notwithstanding not withstanding the fire of ofthe the Spanish Spanisheries
bateries batt eries and the danger of submarine submarinemines submarinees
mines min mindou es The victory of the feet fleet has
doubtess dou btless also done much to heighten
the spirits of the besieging force
It Is not easy I at this thisinonient moment to foresee oresee
the wider consequences 01 the unchaJ
lenJedsupremacy len ged supremacy of the American fleet
in Cuban C Csaid uban feet
waters Senor SaJasta
i it is isaid
said aid has
declared that the capture of
Santago San tiago and the detruction destruction 01 the thesquadron
squadron squ adron wi will nol alter Spains polcy policy
but this was we must hope before he
knew kne w that one I ii not both of these theseeven
even eve evethe nts ts was an accomplshed accomplished fact From Fromthe
the Phiippines Philippines the news is equaly equally dls dlsatrous
atrous sstr ous to Spain Overpowered alter
aler aleran
an heroic defence her only course now
is as her friends even I in the French Frenchpress
press pre ss urge her to seel scel a peace which whicheven
even eve eveara n ii onerous cannot
i now be dlshon dlshonorable
orable ara bic
SiantardLondon SlancfardLondon Jul Jimir Jimirhere 5 5There
There T here is a further chanle change which has hascome hasme
come co me over the therelativepositionson relatve positions on land landof
of offro the two sides that whereas the fire
from fro m the Amercan American feet fleet m the harbor barborwas
was wa s that which
was most destructve destructive to tothe
the American army it i wi will no be the
fre fire from the American feet fleet that will be bemost
most mo st disastrous to the Spansh Spanish forces
Wh Vh t means 01 resistance tbey may sti still
posess pos posdes sess In what General Sharer Shatter hlmsel himsell
descrbes des cribes as almost ImpreJnabJe Impregnable posi positlons
tlons tio ns we do not
know but I it l is cer certainly
tainly tai nly a strange tact that an army attack attackby
by land which bas almost exhausted its itspossibiltes it
possibiltes po ssibilities of advance should have
frgbtened fri ghtened out the hoste hostile navy Into the thearms tin
arms ar ms 01 is its own fcet fleet and thereby thereb therebcured
secured se cured Itel Itself from an ineviabl inevitable and andvery an
very ve ry dangerou dangerous retreat I ft looks cer certalnly
talnly tai nly as i it had Admiral Cervera when whenonce
once on ce commited committed to the situation of a a
blockaded bl blsh ockaded squadron sunk suMcien t
ships sh ips to prevent the entrance sufcient of the th a
A merlcan feet fleet and slooa to his guns gun
in inpo defense of the harbr harbor and ton that thatp01cy tim
p01cy po licy would at least for the momenf r
have ha ve been successful The Americans Americanswould
would w ould have bad aU the conditons conditions of ofclmate a m Si
cli mate a against ainst them
clmate and there Is no notellng n 0
tellng te lling how long the campaign would woul U
have ha ve been protrcted protracted NothlnJ Nothing tends tendsto
to make less extreme the foly folly which whichcommited whic l
commited co mmitted the thelast last hope of ofSpain Spain to tosuc tosucposition such sucha h
a poslion position Tie Time case Iustrates illustrates the thewonderfu1 th thonderful
wonderfu1 w good luck which In war wais waisupon wal La Laaudacity
upon audacity The ver very boldness of ofthe DIe
the th e American atack attack produced a result resulton resu It Itn
on o n whih which no one could have calculated d deforehand
beforehand beforehandaily b
Daily aily NewsLondon July
5 5The 5
The bravery of ofthe the Spaniard Is one of oftbe
tbe th e salent salient features of this war But of
rethought fo nt Madrd Madrid of Intellgent intellige nt
tactics ta ctics elsewhere there has been Utle Utletrace Hit Ic
trace tr ace The one thing that
thini a Spaniard Spaniardcan Spania rd
can c an do Is isto to flht figlitand and to todie die The Amer Ame r
icans ic ans can do that also nut to
their t equal courage the Amerlcaos add ai id
In I n this unequal contest with
wih Spain not notonly n at
only o nly vastly superior
vasty materil material resources is isut
but b ut the devising mind and the sklled sklledorganization skii ed
organization o wihout without whIch brvery bravery IS ISnothing
nothing n but a means of providing at uff
lor f or the shambles Wil Viil the dtstructon destructi stuf on
01 o l erveras fleet end the
teet war wart Mere Merepractical Me re
practical p ractical cmmon common sense would answer ansu ter tern
In i n the afrmative affirmative Ioras or as everybody everybo dy
i i s now sayag saying In America without t a anavy
navy what can Spain do She can do donothIng
nothIng except coutnue continue to fight and to
die But his has not enough of this been be en
done already to soUsly gatisly the most exact exa ct ctng
lng I ng sense of honor Every day hay
that 5painprolongs Spain prolongs the war she acdt at 4d 4dsomething
something to the
price which she must mustultimatelv in ust ustultimately
ultimately pay for peace peaceaily peaceChronicleLondon
aily ChroncleLondon ChronicleLondon ftly fuly fulyWe 5
We learn from our Port Said
corre correspondent cm rre rrespondent
spondent Camaras squadron recoaled recon led ledthe
in the ofni oiling hs once more entered ente red
Port Said harbor with the intentloi
wih Intenton of ofgolni ofgoing
golni going through the Suez Canal today tad lay
I Cmaras Camaras squadron contnues continues in this thiscoure I thiscourbe
coure courbe Spain wi will not have within reas reasonable ri ias iasonable
onable distance distauceof olls itsownshoresasin own shore a sinlle sinlleproperly igle igleproperly
properly armed duly fted fitted seagoing seaga iing
vessel to strike a blo N on her Atlatc Atlatcand Atla itc itcand
and Medieranean Mediterranean coasts And An vet we weread weread
read an interview with Senor fagasta fagastaa aga sta staaxording
a axording cording to which the Prime Minister Mini ster
decares declares that Spain wil will contnue continue the tbewar thewar
war to the bitter end One
biter would have havethoulht ii ave avethought
thoulht thought there was biteress bitterness enough enoughaJready eno ugh ughalready
already But theman who being at the
hea101 beal of afairs affairs Is today capable oJ giving givinguterance gh Ing Ingutterance
uterance utterance to such a sentment sentiment hardly ha rdly
deserves the tte title 01 1 a statesman We Wef Ve Vehi
< hi f
hear hea r that the unhappy Queen Regent Is
anxious anx anxtun ious for or peace No Now Is her oppor
tunity tun tunanu ity I If she wi wilt rise to the situation
and anuwh appreciate th inevitable
apprecate reults results 01
whih wh ich Mania ManIla and Santao Santiago are but the
foretaste for
etaste she may lose
telporary temporary
ularity ula ulatru nity but she wi will be consulting the
truest tru truwhI est and best Interests of her country
which whI whIeve ch Is already
calug calling for peace by
every eve ry voice that Is allowed utterance
aJowed uternce uterncelfornlJ
lfornlJ Ma rni AdterHurLondon 4dvererLondou fuly 5 5Th
Th T h fall all of Santago Santiago wi will set free
American Am Amrem erican troops for other exploits and andremove
remove rem ove the last obstacle to a flying
squadron squ adron appearlni appearing to harass the coasts coastsof flng
of Spain Nothing can be gained ny
delajmg del aying to treat for peace The Idea Ideaof
of the t he
tnterventon intervention 01 any of the Euro European
pean pea n powers on behalf behatfof of Spain hiie
hle hleshe
she remains a belligerent is hUe
belgerent It will
I wi
be observed with satisfacton satisfaction that the
1 7ei m js s bas spoken In the clearest fashion ashlonon
on the situation There Is not an hour
tO toi los ose It declarC declare1 tor theneeotaUon theneeotaUonof the negotIatIon
of peace p eace I It wi will be wel well indeed If the theadvice
advice adv ice IS speedily taken Doubtless
speediy Doubtess the thenecessity
necessity nec essity
must be a bitter sorrow to a aproud
proud pro ud and galant gallantpeople people butit Is folly oiy
not true courage to topersistin persist in a struggle strugglewhih
whih whi ch can only entalaccumulaled entaiIaccumulated dls dlsaster
aster r
HeraldYorkshire July 5 5I
I It may be said by some WIlY do not
the Americans stop The answer Is
that tha t that would not make things beter better
but only worse Spain had ample war warn
Ing The United
Unied States were very verypatient
patient pati ent They waled waited for four our years
Nothing Not hing came of ofk It Spain pursued her hercrminal
crminal crim inal courreher courseher course 01 Infinite
barbariYduring bar barityduring aU that time She
Insist insi sts on pursuing It sti still Those Thosewhom
whom who m the iods gods wish to destroy they frst frstmake first
make ma ke mad I IGlardzanManchester
GlardzanManchester GuardianManchester July Julyo 5 5To
To T o contnue continue the war Is merely to tosacrlhce
sacrlhce sacr iftce Spanish and American lives UvesSpanish
I Spanish valor I i not so delicate
deJcat deJcata
a plant pl ant that it needs to be kept watered
In bloOd b lood But the friends 01 peace wi will
turn to America as wel well as to Spain I It
Is surely s not aklnl asking too much I horn om a agenerous
generous gen erous naton nation lke like the United States Statesthat
that tha t she should
herself offer
ofer peace on onterms
terms ter ms as ltte little humilatng humiliating as posible posibleso possible
so makinI makini the way smooth for the Span Spanish
ish Goverment Government Wit shows showsany any dlspo dlsposion
sion siti on to to lsten listen to reason Idmlra1 Idmlra1Sampson PdmIra1
Sampson Sam pson ofered ofFered the destructon destruction 01 01Admiral
Admiral Ad miral Cervers Cerveras feet fleet as a Fourh Fourth of ofJuly
July Jul y git gift to te American naton nation Has Hasnot
not America a gir gift that she can oler oiler to toSpalu
Spalu Spn iu Her own prde pride is ampl amply saUsfed saUsfedcannot satisfied
cannot can not she spare some pride t Spain Spainailv
Daily ailv Gra GrabhteLondon kltLondon July 5 5The
The T he outook outlook ffr fr Spain to today day is isgloomy
gloomy glo Indeed
omy Nothing can cansaveSantago
saveSantago sav e Santiago an numl Mania Manila exceptprompt exceptpromptovertures
overtures ov ertures for peace and i it these are arewithheld
withheld wit hheld Commodore Waton Watson wi will soon soonbe
be bombading bombarding the Spanish COtSt coast and anddealng andaling
dealng de aling out to AdmlrJ Admiral Camara the theme
sa me fate as bas befallen Admirls AdmirlsCerver Admirals Admiralsrvera
Cerver Ce rvera and Iontojo Montojo I II Senor Sagasta Sagastaelects
elects ele cts to risk these further disasters for forfear
fear fea r of the frothy Jn20es fingoes In Madrd Madrid he hewi
wi wil l incur a t terrible rrlble responsibity responsibility The Thefai Theof
fai fia 01 Spain has been bore borne with undy undying
ing glory in the theface face of tremendous odds oddsThe
The Th e punctios punmctilios of honor have been gen generoush
eroush er erfor ously sathfed satisfied The tme time has come comefor
for that higher patriotism whih which can take takeaccount
account ac count of the enduring Interests ot the thelatlon the i
latlon na tion and can resolve that the pdslons p4sslon 3
01 the moment shal shall not be Indulged at atthe a I
the th e expense of the irreparable ruin of ofan a f
an ancent ancient and hllh Imich spirited people peopleSpall
Spall Sp ain in her decadence may fnd find new newhope net p
hope ho pe In the vigor and heroism displayed displayedby 1
by her sons durng dimming the present war but butit bu t
it rests wlh with her statesmen to see that thatthese tha t
these th ese greE t qualties qualities are not entirely entirelyexhausted entirel V
exhausted ex hausted and that future enemation S
eeneratons eeneratonsare
are ar c not crippled beyond al all hope by bysacrifices b V
sacrifices sa crifices for or which there Is no longer a ashadow a
shadow sh adow ofjustification
ofjustfcatln ofjustfcatlnGERMAN
Consular Journal lournalr
r Irmay r may serve as proof proofand and waring warning to toour I o
our o ur merchants to retal retail a few words wordsfrom wor 15
from fr om a report on German trade cor comm a
parng p aring the returns for the quarters of
1897 1 897 and J8g8 as given by Mr Hamss HamssGastrel Harn 55
Gastrel G astrel Commercial Atache Attache to HMs HMsEmbassy HM S Smbassy
Embassy E mbassy at Berln Berlin The lore foreign n trade tradeof tra Ic Icf
of o f Germany In the first quarter of this thisyear th is isear
year y ear shows an improved exportation exportationand a
and a nd in this respect surpasses the trade tradeof trac le
of o lber her two rivals England and France FranceIn e
In I n the first quarter 01 1898 Englsh EnglIsh ex exports e eorts c
ports p orts showed a diminuton diminution ot about aba Ut
ji6aoooo 1600 as com compared ared wih with the same sameperod san e
perod p eriod of 1897 France in the sme same way wayshow wm 1y
show s howed d a decrease 01 6500 625ooo But Butthe B Ut
the t he export trade of ofthe the German Empire EmpireIn Empi re
In i n the first quarter 01 18g 1898 was larger largerthan iarg er
than t that of ofthe the same period 011897 of 1897 by by3664So by3664Soo
3664So 3664Soo alhough although Germany equaly equalywib equa Ily
with other nations
wib was sufering suffering Inc rom romthe m
the t he efect effects ot the new United States StatestariO Stat es
tariO t In fact only in the exportaton exportatonof exportati on onofGerman
of ofGerman German sugar has decrease
any decrese been beenshown be en enhown
shown s viz of 6so00 65oooo nut compfn compfnsntion compi n nsatlon
sntion seems to have been
found even evenlor cv en enar
lor t ar that In the extension of markets In Inthe IntheEast
the theEast Eat Indies and Brtsh British colonies coloniesAnother colom es esAnother
Another Item of great importance is the theIncrease he
Increase in exports 01 German Iron ironIs It ItIs
Is not necesary necessary to go further Into the thegrowth t tgrowth
growth 01 German trade sufce suffice i it to tosay tois
say that 11 in al all directons directions the German IS ISdoing
doing doingimis his best to monoDolze monopolize the mar market m mkets am
ket kets and food flood the world wih with choap choapgoods che tap tapgoods
goods which by enterprise and ludi ludicous lu di dicious
cous cious pushing they are able to sel sell at atvast atvast
vast proft profit 10 themselves and to the thedetrment t thedetriment
detrment detriment o of aU other natons nations The Theabove I he heabove
above quotation rearJv clearly shows the thestrides thestrides
strides Germany Is makln making and the thealarlng thealamniing
alarlng alamniing pace at which she Is cosiDg closing 1 in inlap
lop afer after lapon England to fshtout fight out th thstruggle the thestruggle
struggle for commerca1 commercial sovereignty sovereigntywhih sovereigi ity itywhich
whih which when combined wih wlh the knowl knowledie kao wi wiedge
edie edge that she IS the most assiduous assiduousnation assidu ous ousnation
nation of the Powers and that England EnglandIS Engl and andis
IS Inclned inclined to give way tl to a recumbent recung icut
lethargy bodes no good for our future luti ure ureand
and whIch unless taken as a tin icly
1 tmely
warning to reality wi will rapidly chanie change from rumor rui nor
It A t the Cenral Central Criminal Court on
Saturday Sat urday the tra trial of Dr Collinaon the
charge cha rge 01 the wilful murder Colnson of Mrs
Uziell Uzi elhl came to an end The fury found
him rot guity guilty of the capital as pital ofence offence but
guil ty 01
gulty malslaughter added
They ad ed a
strong stro ng recommendation a
recommendaton mercy and
a rder ri rigro der expressing
deep regret at the
gro grosect wing
growini tendency
among a certain
section sect ion 01 the
communiy community to evade the
res ponsibilities
responsibiites parentage Mr
Justice Jus tice Grantham
sentenced Dr Colhlu
to seven s years yearspcnal penal servitude servitudeaiv servitudeDaily Coln
Daily aiv NewsLondon July 4
The T he trial 01 Dr Collns Collins ends with a
sentence sen tence of olseven seven years penal servitude servitudemore
But more signifcant significant than penalserviude the sentence
is the t he homily from the
homiy jUdge with the ther
rider ride r to the verdkt of the jury which
points poi nts the moral of i it Mrs tJaielli tJaiellied
rsked risk ed her le life to say nothing of the Uziel le lila lilanother
of another a to avoid the Inconvenience inconveniences inconveniencesntemnjty
of maternity m ntemnjty She Was richdle aspired aspiredmartness
to smartness s and she co couj not forego foregoa foregoondon
a London L ondon season So o Se be and thc the
wretched wre tched prisoner between them
ploted plot ted this double crme crime The extent extent
to which w hich the crime
prevais prevails Is in some somesure
measure mea sure Dr Collinss
Colnss secret But Butaccording Butording
according acc acca ording 10
report th this is by no menus
mons monsa
a so litary case as the
soltary prsoner pnisoner is no
soltary soli solitys tary adept in such practces practices Socle Socleleverish
tys leverlsh chase aler alter pleasure entai entails entailse
these thes e sacrifices the
sacrifces on part of the more moreolous
frivolous friv olous ofhose ofthose who are In the dismal dismalmerrYloround dismalry2oround
merrYloround mer ry2oround Dr Colnss Collinss Collinssplace
true place In the social
socaJ economy Is Isamong Esng
among amo ng those bo minister tothe lower lowelcravings lowervings
cravings cra vings 01 luxury and w681h wealth He had hadgreat hadat
great gre at gis gifts and the po possibilities lbltes ot B
briiant bril liant career and he cholE chose to PIOti piosti piostithem
lute them to the basest use uses There Thuresomething Thereething
something som ething only Jess tragic In hi his late taten
than tha n In that timatofhls of his unhappy vlct victim m who whomay whoy
may ma maa y almost be said to have died for fora forance
a dance danceaily d ance anceDaily
Daily aily Gra GroicLondon McLondon July 4 4Of 4r
Of O r briiant brilliant atainments attainments Dr Colns ColnsmIght Collins Collinsht
mIght mig ht have won a position of honorable honorablerepute honorableute
repute rep ute but he
commited committed lorgory vas as astried
tried trie d and convicted and
aJhough although by bye
some som e inscrutable means he escap escaped escapedtence d dsentence
sentence sen tence he was very properly struck
the t he register of his prolesion profession Not Notwihstanding
wihstanding wit hstanding this disqualfcaton disqualification lIe lietinued
tinued to prctce practice medicine and andt
t Is most extraordinaryto fnd find hi Ida Idaents
ents I mu the highest social circle circles r El Eluld
would wo uld be unfair
to sugget suggest that man many of ofwomen
his women patients sought his serf servias serviasthe
for the same ame rea reason on that they wars warsght
Wt Wtsought
sought sou ght by Mrs UzieJ Uzielli aiough altough it seems seemsely
lkely lik ely that this poor lady before consult consultIg consulthim
Ig ing hIm beleved believed righty rightly or wrongly wronglywould
he would comply If necessary wih with her berwishe
wishe wis wisit hes The subject is one upon which whichs
i it is i s not pleasant to dwel dwell Sufce Suffice it to tosay tothat
say saynat that it wi will be a bad day for time timeion
tle tlenaton
naton nat ion Ias ifas heaven orbldthe unholy unholyand
and an d unlawful practice the
as judJe judJerlhtv judge J
rlhtv rig htly termed i it wllch which was the CRuse causehe
01 the t he patients death and time doctors doctorswnfall
do wnfall ever becomes retognlzed retognizad as astifiable
tifiable by Englsh English publc public opm opinIon opinIonA on onA
A WORLD WORr CUNSUS CUNSUSIt CaNsustlsnowproposedtosecureacomplete
It I tlsnowproposedtosecureacomplete tlsnowproposedtosecureacompletesus Is now proposed to securea compJete
sus of the worlds
Inhabitant Inhabitants on a aticular
ticular day in the year ear roo and andplorersand
plorersand anl census takers are 19 to be bet
t to every atamable attainable point on the theglobeor thebefor
globeor glo befor the purpose purpose Considering that thatthe thate
the th e populations of such countries
populatons stch countres as asChina asina
China Ch ina
and Turkey In Asia vary varyestimates
In estmaes estimates by 1000 iooacoooo or 2000 2oooOocOo 2oooOocOod
and an d that the most carelul statstcians statstciansare statisticians statisticianse
are ar e not sure of Africas actual population populationby populationoocoooo
by 5000000 oocoooo or so the proposed tak takwould task taskuld
would wo uld seem to be a tormidable one oneThe onee
The Th e facts are that nobody knows how 110wmny howany
mny m any inhabitants there are in the teem teeming teemg
ing in g isllnds Islmnds of the vast Pacifc Pacific oreven orevenIn oreventhe
In the lands 01 snow now and ice where the theEskimos thekhuos
Eskimos Es khuos dwel dwell But the atempt attempt to tomake toake
make m ake the most carefll carefdl etmate estimate in the theworJds theorlds
worJds w orlds population in the belinnlng beginning 01 01the ofe
the th e new century w will be none the Jes JesInterestig less lessteresting
Interestig in teresting We may even fnd find fresh freshmaterial freshaterial
material m mth aterial to bolster the theory of ofMaithus ofMaithusat Malt bus busthat
that th thap at the supply of humanity IS rapidly rapidlyapproaching rapidlyproaching
approaching ap proaching the lmit limit ot the worlds worldscapacty worldspacity
capacty ca can pacity to sustain lfe life Or If tbi this Is Isnot isot
not n ot proved there wil wilt bt bt at least a rich richfield richeld
field fi eld for the economists to demonstrate demonstratethat demonstrateat
that th at the weaker cvIlzations civilizations are being beingcrowded beingowded
crowded cr owded to the wal wall whie while the race races racesat
that th at are abreast 01 moder modern progre progress are areslowly areowly
slowly sl owly and surely taking pOSeion possesmfon of ofthe ofeearth
the th eearth earth
In Germany a singular reform in injudical indiciniprocedure
judical ju diciniprocedure procedure wl wilt soon be beput put Into Intooperation intoperation
operation o ihe he wlte witnesses wl will ilin ilinat bsmu bsmut
at a t the concusion conclusion of thar their evidsili evidsilinstead
instead i of at the commeert commeertheretofore comniescemue t s seretofore
heretofore h The reason is o obio s It ItIs Its
Is i s beleved believed it wi will prevent prnr perjury AIpresent AI I Iresent
present p resent a witnes witness has forgoten forgotten his el es3 es3y
by b y the tme time he Is In the thick of his hisevidence hisvidence
evidence e and under stres stress 01 emoton emotonhe emotion emotione
he h e may blur out an unconscou unconscious untruth untruthBy untruthBy
By the German
Innovation he has a achance ahance
chance c 01 refecting reflecting upon his evidence evidenceand evidencend
and a nd miking making wihdrawal withdrawals or alerations alerationsbefore alterations alterationsefore
before b efore he procees proceeds to the etremity extremity of ofblnllng ofbinding
blnllng binding himsel liinmself wih with an oath oathPerjury oathPerjury
Perjury is one of the sret great curl curses of ofour ciour
our law courts ourts and If this very simple simpleexpedient simpleexpedient
expedient iscapable Is capable of even apprec apptecinbly apptecinblyreducing bb1y bb1yreJucng
reJucng reducing the mas mass of it we mlg might t do doworse doworse
worse thll than copy it even ift ifit II made madein maden
in i n Germany GermanyWAS Germany1VASSigAKUSPEARRAC9iT
Nt many years ago 1 a ProtCtant ProtCtantcergyman Protestant Protestantclergyman
cergyman clergyman eyed essayed the herculean talk talkof taskoprovingthatSt
of oprovingthatSt provin that St Palrlck Patnickwaaa was a Baptist
The reader wil will perhaps think i it a par parallel
pr praleJ
aleJ allel aburdity absurdity to caim claIm tllt that Shakepeare Shakepearewas Shakespeare Shakespearewas
was an Irishman Yet 1 a distnguished distnguishedlectur distinguished distinguishedlecturer
lectur lecturer r recently addresed addressed the NatInl National
Lterary Literary Socleh in Dubln Dublin on hThe hTheCeltc The
Celtc Celtic Genius 01 Shakepeare Shakespeare and andmade andmade
made out abount as strong a Cls csse for forthe forthe
the contpnton contntion that the greatest of En Eng
Ish lish Iloets WIS was a Cel Cdt thAn Mr Igntus IgntusDonnely Ignatius IgnatiusDonnely
Donnely has yet made for the Baconlan Baconlanuuthorshi Baconianauthorship
uuthorshi authorship 01 Shakespeeres Shakespeares plays The Theproverbaly Theproverbially
proverbaly proverbially fne fine treatment of women womenthatcharaClenzes womenthatcharacterizes
thatcharaClenzes the plays was insisted insiltedon insistedon
on as beln being most aauredly assuredly not SaxQn SaxQnbut Saxnbut
but indubiably indubitably Celic Celtic and the conclu conclusion concluslon
sion of the whole study was that Sbake Shakes Shakespeimre
peare wa was by blood nature sentiment sentnlentand sentimentand
and sympathy a Cel Cell Cellc

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