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WASHINGTON, SUNDAY, FEBRUARYS, 1S91 16 PAGES.
SHERMAN THE SOLDIER.
F12I.T DEATH REACHING FOR HIM-A
Tho Old Wnrrlor's Wishes to Ho Oboyod
Ho Wnnted a Soldier's Hurlnl Along
side Ills Faithful Wlfo nnd Idolized
"Soldier Boy" Tho Arrniigoinonts.
New Yonic, Feb. 14. Tho following official
stutemont of tlio scenes nt tho deathbed of Gon.
Shorman nnd the arrangements for tho funeral
wcro gtven out lato iu tho afternoon by Lieut.
Geu. Sherman lay in bed from Friday morning
until ho died to-day without speaking a word.
He mado tho attempt to do so several times, but
was unablo to utter a sound othor than a hoarse
Ho apparently reeoRnlzcd those about him by
a look of tho eyes. His tonguo was swollen and
his jaws wcrostllT some hours boforo ho died.
Signs of death wcro noticed half an hour boforo
ho died in tho icy coldness of tho Anger tips.
This coldness gradually extended to his hands
and arms. Ho was unconscious for tho last two
hours ho was alive.
At tho bedsldo were his son, P. T. Sherman;
his daughters, Rachel and Lizzie: Lieutenant and
Mrs. Fitch, Lieutenant and Mrs. Thackera, Sena
tor John Sherman, Dr. Alexander, and Gen.
Thomas Ewlng. Tho two daughters remained
kneeling, ono at each sido of tho bed, during tho
last of tho life of their father. No priest or
clergyman was present, neither were any called.
No priest has entered tho house sinco Father
The General did not Biiffci any pain during tho
last two days. All night long ho lay in bed with
his head high, but toward morning ho worked
his head down until at tho last lio lay perfectly
DEATH CAME SO QUIETLY
that thoso at tho bedside did not rcalizo that tho
Gjenernl was dead until Dr. Alexander said, "All
is over." Death camo with one long sigh. Suffo
cation, duo to tho lungs tilling with mucus, was
Immediately after his death Gens. Howard and
Slocum, who wcro on Gen. Sherman's staff, were
Somo two weeks ago the General mado known
his wishesasto his burial. He particularly re
quested that his body should not lio in state any
Ho also requested that tho funeral be a strictly
military one. Ho said that he did not caro par
ticularly for any military observances hero In
Now York, but that ho did want a military
burial in St. Louis, which would bo participated
in by his old comrades in arms. Ho also re
quested that tho funeral rites bo not in con
formity with any particulary form of religion.
HE WANTED A SOLDIER'S BURIAL.
Tho body is now lyiug embalmed in the room
where the General died, tho back room on tho
second floor. Tho features are natural with the
oxception of a slight swelling on tho right jaw
and under both eyes. Tho eyes are closed and
his arms folded across his breast.
In tho house at the time death camo, othGrs
than those in the bed chamber were Mr. and
Mrs. Alfred Iloyt, their son Alfred W. Hoyt,
Mrs. Colgate Hoyt, MissJMary Ewing, and tho
wife of Gen. Kilpatrick.
Senator John Sherman left tho house early in
tho afternoon and went to tho house of Mrs.
Colgate Iloyt where he will remain until the de
parture for St. Louis.
Over a thousand telegrams have, been re
ceived and will bo mado public to-morrow.
A former announcement of tho General's
death was sent to President Harrison, Vice
President Morton, Secretary of War Proctor,
Secretary of State Blaine, Secretary Noble, aud
l'ELT DEATn REACHING lOR HIM.
Gen. C. II. T. Collis, ono of tho callers at
the house to-night, said to a reporter:
Gon. Sherman had a presentiment of his ap
proaching end two weeks before ho was taken ill
at nil. wo mot on our way to an affair at ox
Judge Dillon's house. I mentioned tho approach
ing anniversary of Gen. Grant's birthday, which
occurs April 27. "I'll bo dead and gone by that
time," said Sherman earnostly, with aforbodlne
look in his oye. 1 laughed at tho remark
and tried to cheer him up as he seemed
a bit blue, but ho only answered my
jokes with a more serious manner, saying,
"I feol it coming. Sometimes when I get homo
from nn entertainment or banquet, especially
these wintry nights, I feol death reaolnng for me,
as it were, I suppose I'll tako cold somo night,
and go to bed never to arise again." Tho words
were prophetic. A week ago last "Wednesday
night, sitting in a box at tho theatre, ho caught
tho cold thut eventuated in his death."
The President's Message to Congress.
Tho president sent tho following message to
To TnE Senate and House op Representa
tives: Tho death of William Tecutnseh Sher
man, which took place to-day at his residence in
tho city of New York at 1:50 o'clock P. M., is
an event that will brine sorrow to tho heart of
ovory patriotic citizen. No living American was
so loved and venerated as ho. To look upon his
face, to hear his name, was to havo one's love of
country intensified. lie served his county not
for fame, not out of a sense of professional duty,
hut for lovo of tho flag and of tho beneficent
civil institutions of which it was tho emblem.
Ho was an ideal soldier, and shared to tho fullest
tho esprit du corps of tho Army, but he cherished
tho civil institutions organized under tho Con
stitution, and was only a soldier that these might
bo perpetuated in undiminished usefulness and
honor. Ho was in nothing an imitator. A pro
found 6tudent of military science and precedent
he drew from them principles aud suggestions,
and so adapted them to novel conditions that
his campaigns will continue to be the profitable
study or tho military profession throughout the
world. His genial naturo made him comrade to
every soldier of tho great Union Army. No
presence was so welcome and. Inspiring at tho
camp lire or commandery as his. His career
was complete, his honors were full. Ho had re
ceived from tho Government tho highest rank
known to our military establishment, and from
tho people unstinted gratitude aud love. No
word of mine can add to his fame. His death
has followed in startling quickness that of the
Admiral of tho Navy, and it is a sad and nota
ble Incident that when tho Department under
which he served shall have put on the usual
emblems of mourning forr of tho eight execu
tive Departments willbo simultaneously draped
in black, and one other has but to-day removed
the crCpo from its walls.
Executive Mansion, Fob. 14, 1891.
TUB PRESIDENT SORELY GRIEVED.
The President had just finished his lunch and
was walking up stairs to his office when tho
Associated Pross bulletin announcingXfo death
of Gen. Sherman reached tho WJ' i House.
Tho President was very much shr ed at tho
intelligence as he and Gen. Sher a had been
near aud dear friends, for y ycare. The
President served under Gen. Sherman in
his famous march to tho sea and the
friendship begun at that time has been
strengthened by their closo association
ever since. Gen. Sherman never visited In
dianapolis while 3en. Harrisou was there with
out spending many hours in his society, and
oven greater intimacy has existed between
them sinco tho President's election. Tho last
tlmo they were together was January 27, when
Gen. Sherman called at tho Whlto Houso in
company with Gon. Schofleld. In tho words of
Mr. llalford, "The Prcsldont had tho greatest
lovo and admiration for Gen. Sherman, and is
sorely grieved at his death."
A few minutes after reading tno press bulle
tin tho President received a brief telegram from
Senator Sherman announcing his brother's
death. He thereupon sent for Gen. Grant, who
is acting Secretary of War, and Maj. Gen. Scho
fleld and giivo instructions for full military
honors for the dead soldier, aud made several
suggestions in regard to tho characters of tho
general orders announcing Gon. Sherman's
death to tho Army. Ho also prepared a mes
sage to Congress on the same subject and is
sued nn Executive order.
MEMBERS OX' THIS CABINET. .
Interviews with members of tho Cabinet
elicited expressions of grief, of which tho fol
lowing aro brief synopsis:
Secretary Blaine said ho could remember
Gen. Sherman personally from the time ho
graduated from West Point, fifty years ago,
when ho was himself a schoolboy of ten years
Mr. Blaino continued:
"For more than thirty years, by rea
son of taniily connections, I had knovn
him very intimately. Of his many and
great qualities on his public sido I do not caro to
speak. Gen. Shennnn'a military history is part,
and a largo part, of tho proudest annals of tho
nation. Ho did not grow less in tho intimacy of
private life and by tho fireside in his own homo.
Ho had tho kindest ot hearts and tho mostchlral
rio devotion to thoso ho loved. Ho was ono of
tho warmest friends to those for whom ho pro
fessed friendship. Ho was frank, just, and mag
nanimous. He spoko and wrote with a freedom
that altnoBt seemed reckless, and oftentimes was
misunderstood, as when ho wrote his own me
moirs. His death seems premature. I saw him
last Bummer at Bar Harbor lor a considerable
period, and his brightness of talk and his enjoy
ment ot life, especially with tho young, seemed
as natural and as marked as ever, but at tho
same time I had in somo way gained tho im
pression in talking with him that ho had no ex
pectation of a long life."
Secretary Noble said:
I feel a great personal grief at tho loss of Gen.
Sherman, my friend for muny years. I was born
in Lancuster, where ho was. His father was mv
father's friend, and while I retain for him tho
admiration that all Americans and tho whole
world inubt, I feel that another ono has gone
from mo by whoso approval my personal action
in life has been greatly influenced. I served
under him In the war, aud had been honored by
his friendship aud personal intercourse both In
St. Lbuls, New York, and "Washington.
Ho was as tender and kind in privnto
life 8 ho was great and successful in war.
His literary tasto was most wonderful, and his
memory, not only of events and facts, but even
of figures and statistics, was unfailing. His lovo
for his comrades in arms was like that of a
father for his children. His love embraced all
our people. Among tho first events in rriyofll
.clalJlfe.hero was avisit.lroni Gon. Sherman, vol
untarily mado, in behalf of Gen. Joseph John
ston, for whom ho spoke in tho highest terms.
Ho was ready to support any man when friendly
to tho Government, as ho was uncompromising
to all its enemle.". Ho was as grand a patriot as
over lived, and I believe that his services,
speeches, and example will have a happy influ
ence upon our country through all its history.
Postmaster General Wanamakersaid:
I hod only ten years personal acquaintance
ship with Gen. Sherman, but oven a much ohortcr
time would havo drawn mo to him closly. Ho
has never seemed to mo like an old man, and al
ways waked up in mo nil tho boy that was In
me. I was never where he was that I could got
near to him that we did not put our arms round
each other. Tho ring of his words und his ways
showed that ho was mado of puro gold. No man
that I ever know combined in such a degree tho
courage of a lion, tho loving gentleness of a
woman, and tho simplicity of achlld. The sun
set of his career has been as gorgeous and beau
tiful as tho glory of his great campaigns.
Attorney General Miller said:
In Gen. Sherman's death tho world has lost
thollrstof its military men. At least, theio is
no ono surviving at all comparable to him un
less it bo tho great German Marshal, Von
Moltko. Ho was not only a areat soldier, but ho
was wise in all public affairs. He was, perhaps,
tho first to appreciate, or at least tho first to an
nounce, tho mognltudo of tho nation's task In
suppre sslngtho great Rebellion. In this ho was
ahead of his contemporaries, and, us usual with
men ahead of tho times, ho was thought to bo
wild, not to say crazy. Events, however, moro
than justified his declarations. Very fow men
havo been so close to tho hearts of tho people
as Gen. Bhorman.
THE NEWS AT TUB CAPITOL.
Tho news of Geu. Sherman's deuth was re
ceived at tho Houso of Representatives a fow
minutes before 2 o'clock, and tho members to
the massage was handed convoyed its contents
to their associates, so that in a short timo it
was generally known. It was so well under
stood that ho could live but a fow days at tho
utmost that tho announcement of his death was
received quietly and without exciting remnrk
from tho comparatively fow members who woro
in tho hall at the time.
In tho Senate likewise tho sad news was not
unexpected, although there were not wanting
thoso who felt a lingering hope, based upon tho
sturdy resistance offered by the old warrior to
his last great foe that he would finally triumph
in tho struggle. In this body, too, tho surviv
ing comrades of tho dead general are few in
number, and Gen. Hawley, primarily as chair
man of the Committee on Military, and also as
a comrade in arms, expressed their sentiments
on tho sad occasion, seconded by Senators Man
derson, Davis, and Pierce, who served under
TRIBUTES BY SENATORS.
When tho message of tho President announc
ing tho death of Gen, Sherman was laid before
tho Senate Mr. Hawley rose and offered, ex
pressive of tho sorrow with which the Senate re
ceived the announcement of tho death of Wil
liam Tecutnseh Sherman, late General of tho
Armies of the United States, that tho Senate re
news its acknowledgment of the inestimable
services which ho rendered to his country in tho
days of its extreme peril, laments tho great
loss which the country has sustained, and
deeply sympathize with his family in its be
reavement. Senators Cameron, Hale, McPherson, Black
burn, and Chandler were appointed.
Beautiful, eloquent, sympathetic speeehes
were made by Senators Hawley, Manderson,
Morgan, Pierce, Davis, and Evarts,
The resolutions were adopted unanimously,
and, on motion of Mr. Hawley, tho presiding
ofheer was requested to appoint a committee of
live Senators to attend the funeral of Gen. Sher
man. Tho names of the committee were not
Tho Senate then, at 5 o'clock, adjourned un
til Monday at 11 A. M.
Tho Acting Secretary of War Grant yester
day afternoon issued a general ordor to tho
Army announcing tho death of Gen. Sherman.
It included tho President's message to Congress
and Exccutlvo order Issued by him to tho Ex
ecutive Departments, aud closed as follows:
"Tho Major General commanding will issue tho
necessary orders to tho Army. It is ordered that
tho War Department bo draped in mourning for
tho period of thirty days, and that nil business be
BURponded therein on tho day of tho funeral."
This was accompanied by another order is
sued by Adjutant General Kelton, by command
of Maj. Gen. Schofleld, as follows:
On tho day of the funeral tho troops at every
military post will bo paraded and this order read
to them, after which labors lor tho ditv will
cease. Thenationnl flag will bo displayed nt
half-staff from tho tlmo of tho receipt of thin
order till tho closo of tho funeral. On tho day of
tho funeral n salute or seventeen guns will bo
fired nt hnlf-hour intervals, commencing1 at 8
o'clock A. M. Tho ofllccrB of tho Army will
wear tho usuul badges of mourning, and tho
colors of tho soveral regiments and battalions
will bo draped In mourning for the period ol six
"Tho day and hour of tho funeral will be com
municated to tho department commanders by
telegraph, and by them to their subordinate
commanders. Other necessary orders will be is
sued herealtcr relative to tho appropriate fu
THE FUNERAL NEXT THURSDAY.
Tho funeral services over tho remains of tho
General will tako place on Thursday from his
lato residence, although it may be deferred if
his son does not arrive that day from Europe on
tho Majestic. Thursday evening tho body will bo
taken to St. Louis in a special train of three
cars. It will be in chance of Gen. Schofleld,
and will be accompanied by a delegation from
Post Lafayette, G. A. 11., No. 140, of this city.
Gen. O. O. Howard will havo charge of the re
mains while being convoyed from tho house to
tho depot. A special boat will be in watting at
the foot of Twenty-third street to convey the
remains to the Pennsylvania depot.
St. Louis, Feb. 14. The following telegram
was received from New York in reply to tho
despatch sent thisafternoon:
"The family are glad to accept tho offer of
escort on arrival of the remains of Gen. Sher
man at St. Louis. Send delegation, if not to
exceed four, to meet cortege at Indianapolis.
Gens. Howard and Slocum, by request, have
provided for everything from here to St. Louis.
Will probably leave New York Thursday even
ing." CONDOLENCE TO THE l'AMILY.
The following is tho President's message to
to the family of Gen. Sherman:
WAsniNQTON, D. C, Feb. 14, 1801.
To Hon. John Sherman, New Yorlc;
1 loved and venerated Gen. Sherman, and
would stand very near to the more deeply
afflicted members of his family in this hour of
bereavement. It will be as it there were ono
dead in every loyal household iu the land. I
suggest that the body be borne through Wash
ington, and lio in state for ono day in tho rotunda
of the Capitol. Please advise me of any arrange
ments mado. Benj. Harrison.
ALONGSIDE HIS WIVE AND "SOLDIER BOV."
St. Louis, Feb. 14. In February, 1890, on
tho occasion of Gcu.-Shermau's seventieth birth
day, tho members of Ransom Post, G. A. R., of
which Gen. Sherman was tho first commander,
sent the General many congratulatory letters
and telegrams. Tho old warrior, in replying to
theso, amone other things said:
I have again been urged to allow my name to
be transferred to tho roster of somo one of tho
many reputable posrn of tho G. A. It. hero, but
my Invariable un&wer has been, "No," that
Ransom Post bus stood by me since its beginning,
nnd I will stand by it to my end, und that, in its or
ganized capacity, it will deposit my poor body in
Calvary Cemetery, alonarsido my laithfulwlfo
and Idolized "soldier boy." My henlth continues
good, so my comrades of Ransom Post must
guard theirs, that they may bo ablo to fulfill this
sacred duty imposed by their first commander.
God bless you nil. W. T. Sherman.
TnE LOYAL LEGION.
Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 14. Gen. Sherman
became a companion of the Ohio Commandery,
Military Order of thoLoyai Legion In 1875, and
in 1887 ho was elected its commander and
served ono year. Tho fact that Ohio was his
native State, as well as that of many of his mili
tary comrades were hero, induced him to place
his membership hero rather than in tho State
where ho lived. It is tho rule of the command
ery upon tho death of a companion to send a
floral emblem to bo placed upon tho coflln.
This token of remembrance goes forward to
night. Lieut. Col. E. C. Dawes, the comman
der, has issued a circular saying:
Our old commander, companion, and friend,
Gen. W. T. Sherman, died to-day at 1:50. Tho
followfng-named companions aro appointed a
commltteo to represent this con-:raandory at his
Gen. Ruthorford B. Hayes, Gen. Jacob D. Cox,
Col. L. L. M, Dayton, Gon. A. Hiokenlooper, Dr.
D, W. Hartshorn, Col. O. Cadlo, Gon. M. D. Leg.
gott, Gon. M. F. Force, Geu. Jnmcs
Barnett, Gon. John Hay, Col. Mont
gomery Rochester, Capt. It. T. Coverdale,
Capt. A. H. Mattox, Dr. R. W. Thrall, Gen. C.
0. Waloott, Gen. Wolls Jones, Gen. Samuel
Thomas, Maj. J. B. Boll, Cant. Calvin S. Brice,
Gen. W. H. Jtaynor, Col. W. 0. Loudon, and Mr.
John A. CookrlU.
Our Cruisers in European "Waters.
Paris, Feb. 14. Cant. Schley, commander o
the steel cruiser Baltimore, spent a few days
in this city previous to rejoining his 6hip at
Toulon and sailing for Chilian waters. Capt.
Schley said that American naval officers aro
treated in the most cordial manner by tho
French naval officials. Ho added that tho pres
ence of tho United States cruisers in tho Medi
terranean ;has increased tho respect shown to
citizens of the United States in Europe.
Ben. Buttcrworth's Dual Duties.
Chicago, Fob. 14. Tho "World's Fair di
rectory, at last night's meeting, passed a reso
lution creating tho office of solicitor general.
Congressman Butterworth, who is now secretary
of the local board, will also assumo the duties of
solicitor general, to attend to the legal and
legislative affairs of the hoard until his services
aro otherwise ordered.
Dynamiter Gibson's Case.
Chioaoo, Eeb, 14. It has been decided to
lay the case of George J. Gibson, the alleged
dynamiter, 6ocrotary of the whisky trust, be
fore tho State, rather thau the Federal grand
jury, as under tho State law it is possible to
inflict more severe penalties than under the
Escaped to Europe.
Peoria, III., Feb. 14. It is tho general
belief hero to-night that George J. Gibson,
6ecrotary of the whiskey trust is well on his
way to Europe, and, aided by plenty of money,
THE DEAD ADMIRAL.
Marks of Respect Preparations for tho
Mr. Boutolle, of Maine, from tho Committee
on Naval Affairs, reported to tho Houso yester
day resolutions expressive of the grief with
which tho House has heard of tho death of Ad
miral David Dixon Porter, who, during more
than sixty years of distinguished honor
to his country, hno nlded to tho honor
of ono of tho mo .lUstrious names of
naval history, and directing the Speaker to ap
point a committee of seven members to tako
such action as may be appropriate in regard to
th public obsequies of the deceased.
Tho resolutions were unanimously adopted,
and tho Speaker in accordance therewith ap
pointed tho following committee: Messrs. Bou
tolle, Herbert, O'Neill, of Pennsylvania; Flower,
Lodge. McCrcary, and Vandever.
The House then, as an additional mark of re
Tho Senate also adopted appropriate teso
lutions, and a committee of Senators waa desig
nated by Vice President Morton to represent
the Senate at tho funeral.
The commander at Fort Meyer has been or
dered to furnish a troop of cavalry for Admiral
Porter's funeral, on Tuesday. The command
ant of tho "Washington Barracks will detail
Light Battery F, Third Artillery, and a bat
talion of foot artillery.
Tho resolutions adopted, on motion of Sen
ator Chandler, were as follows:
Thnt tho Senato realized in the death or Ad
miral Poiter of the loss to tho country ot an offi
cer of tho highest rank and distinction, whose
achievements through a service of slxtv-two
years had lully illustrated tho courage and pa
triotism of the American Navy, nnd that the
tenderest sympathies or tho nation were present
with his family in its time of grief, and that u
committee of live Senators be appointed to at
tend his funeral.
Harrisburg, Feb. 14. Governor Pattison
and staff, Adjutant General McClelland, and
Maj. Gen. Snowden and 6taf will attend tho
funeral of tho lato Admiral Porter next Tues
day. NEW YORK POST OFFICE AFIRE.
Hundreds of Rags of Newspapers De-
New Yoiuc, Feb. 14. The General Post Of.
flee Building caught fire at 10:30 o'ciock tol
night and hundredsof hags of newspapers were
burned and thousands of letters will bo delayed
in reaching their destination. A few minutes
after 10 o'clock every electric light
in the building was suddenly extin
guished, leaving every floor iu d'irkness.
Following this came the smell of 6moke, and
the three hundred employes, who were at work
distributing the mails, stampeded out of the
The fire made its way to tho distributing
room, where 300,000 letters were being made
ready to be sent West,
Tho mail from the Europeau steamship Celtic
had just been brought in and was being dis
tributed when the lights went out. Tho West
ern mail had nearly all been sent out before 9
o'clock, and the Southern mail followed it
shortly afterward. The employes were nearly
all busy in getting ready for tho biggest West
ern mail that eoes out during the day. It
usually comprises from eight hundred to fifteen
thousand sacks, and is in shape to be sent out
at from 1 to 4 o'clock in the morning.
In the face of the volumes of 6moko fire
men and employe's entered tho building and
shifted the bulk of the mail from tho rear of
tho building to tho southwest corner. The firo
was confined to the rear and lower portion of
the building in the engine-room beneath Mail
street, in tho newspaper department in tho
cellar. Two newsboys, named Guiseppi Mi
chael! and John Gerueson, were taken out
from tho elevators. They wero badly burned.
Tho former cannot live. The loss will amount
THE WHITEOHAPEIi MURDER.
The Supposed "Jsick-tho-Kipper" Under
London, Feb. 14. Tho man arrested to-day
on suspicion of having murdered "Carroty
Nell" Is a saddler by trade. Tho inquiries
mado by tho police concerning the prisouer
show that ho has been absent from England for
eighteen months, or about tho period which ha6
elapsed sinco tho lasfWhitechapel murder.
A woman who is detained as a witness as
serts that she saw the prisoner quarreling with
tho murdered woman early In tho eveniug bo
foro tho crime was committed.
A policeman, who was on duty Friday night
and morning on tho streets about Tower Hill
and in tho vicinity of tho crime, has identified
tho prisoner as a man he met about a quarter of
an hour after tho murder. The policeman, notic
ing that tho man had blood on his clothes,
stopped him on Tower Hill and asked soveral
questions as to how tho blood stains happened
to bo on his garments. The man, according to
tho pollcemau, replied that ho had been as
saulted while passing through a street in tho
neighborhood of the docks.
The prisoner's face is badly scratched, as if
by a woman's finger-nails. In reply to ques
tions as to how he came by these scratches, tho
man said that he was 60 injured when ho was
assaulted near the dock. The prisoner stoutly
denies having at any tlmo met tho murdered
Pierre, S. D Feb. 14. The joiut Assembly
mot at noon and balloted for United States Sen
ator as follows: Sterling, (Rep.,) 04; Kyle,
(Ind.,) 50; Tripp, (Dem.,) 14. Only ono ballot
was taken. It earae to light to-night that an
understanding has virtually been reached
betweeu tho Democrats and the Independents,
whereby they expect to unite and elect
State Senator Kyle as Judge Moody's successor
in the United States Senator not later proba
bly than Wednesday, Tripp has released tho
Democratic caucus, and some of his strongest
workers voted for Kyle to-day. Kyle, though
Independent, is understood to bo in accord
with the Democratic party ou tho tariff and
other national issues.
Gold Medals to Post Office Men.
Among tho gold medals awarded by tho Post
master General to clerks in the eleveu divisions
who made during tho last year the best records
are P. J. McCouuell, clerk class 4, Now York
and "Washington railway post office, aud H. T.
Gregory, class 5, Washington and Charlotte
railway post office.
THAT CLEVELAND LETTER,
THERE ISN'T ASMUCHROff ABOUT IT
AS THERE "WAS.
Tho Iiess Rabid Sllvor Men Aro Inclined
to "Walt Awhile Perhaps Cleve
land Hnsn't Mado Such a Mlstako
The hubbub which wns created among tho
Democrats in Congress by Mr. Cleveland's anti
silver letter had perceptibly subsided yesterday.
Thoso who had been most violent in their ex
pressions of condemnation tho day tho letter
appeared wero cithor silent altogether or talked
much moro ctiardedly. They had evidently
been thinking the matter over and had dis
covered something in the situation, looked at
from a broad national point of view,
which had escaped their attention before.
They noted, perhaps, that fewer men than they
thought for wero expressing the extreme dis
sent from Mr. Cleveland's views, which might
havo been expected if tho party in tho Senato
and H0U60 was as fully committed to tho policy
of free coinage of 6ilver as tho votos in tho two
Houses seemed to indicate on the surface. They
discovered that a great many Democrats who
had voted directly or indirectly for free coinage
were inclined to await developments
before throwing Cleveland overboard
entirely. These men, who were will
ing to wait awhile, had evidently all along been
aiittlo dubious about tho policy of free coinage,
and shared tho views of a good many men not
in Congress, that tho present silver agitation
partook of a good deal of tho nature of a craze
and was likely to subsido before a year had
rolled around. They knew of their own knowl
edge that the most urgent demand for free
coinage did not como from the masses in any sec
tion of the country,but from tho presumably paid
agents of the silver mine owners of the West.
ThiB fact led them to distrust somewhat the
bona fides of the silver boom and hence, when
Mr. Cleveland's letter appeared, they'were not
as angry at that bomb-throwing individual as
they otherwise would have been.
There seems to be no doubt that Cleveland's
f riendsin Congress and out are quite serene at the
situation of affairs. Theynot onlydo notthink
Mr. Cleveland has killed himself politically, but
they believe he will emerge from the present
entanglement stroeger thau ever. They
believe that the confidence of the Demo
cratic masses in Cleveland's honesty and
patriotism remains unshaken, and" that
it is so strong it will oventually result in
greatly abating tho present silver craze. They
argue that the people will now be inclined to
begin anew the study of the question, and they
will scrutinize tho claims and the promises of
the professional silver men so closely that they
will discover that free coinage of silver Is not
by a long ways the panacea for all or any con
siderable portion of tho financial and commer
cial ills the country is suffering from. They will
perceivo that there is something not exactly
fair and just in the proposition of the silver
men that the Government shall pay the mine
owners and the world at large several cents
more per ounce for silver than that metal is
real y worth in tho open market.
Moro than this, the Cleveland men believe
that even if no settlement upon either question
is reached at this session, aud if it remains open
till 1882, it will not bo allowed to obscure or
tako precedence of tho great question of tariff:
reform. The Cleveland men still think that is
and must remain tho leading question,
and that its settlement must first
bo sought before silver can come to the front.
Tho Cleveland men are aware of tho attempt
being mado in somo quarters to put the tariff
question in the background, with tho object of
getting Cleveland into eclipse, but they dontt
mean that it shall succeed, not because they
lovo Cleveland more, but because they love
McKiuloy protection, too.
It is a fact not cenerally known that the
Cleveland anti-silver" letter was known to be
impending three days before it appeared. Some
of tho Democratic leaders in Congress wore
informed of Its existence, and attempts
vero mado to keep it from ever
reaching tho public. Urgent messages were
sent to Now York asking that it bo not sent to
tho reform club meeting, but Cleveland was as
firm, or stubborn, as usual, and out sho came,
according to programme.
BURNED TO THE GROUND.
Jnpnncso Diet Totally Destroyed by Fire.
San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 14. Advices per
steamship China, which arrived from Hong
Kong and Yokohama, are t o tho effect that on
tho night of January 15 fire broke out in the
centre of tho Japanese Diet, and after
destroying tho Houso of Representatives
spread to tho House of Peers,
which also burned to tho ground. It was ru
mored that tho lire was incendiary, but others
say it originated by electric light, with which
tho houses aro furnished. Tho cost of the two.
buildings was $2,370,000. Threo foremen were
The Despatch at Fort Mouroe.
Tho Despatch arrived at Fortress Mouroe
yesterday with Secretary Proctor and family on
Five workmen woro injured by explosion of
gas in tho Bolt Lino tunnel uuder Baltimore.
Tho two farmers' organizations in Arkansas
havo reorganized undor ono head, and is to be
known as tho Fnrmer's Alliance and Interna
A number of small-pox cases have been re
ported among tho Menuonites of Marion County,
Kan., within tho past two days, and fears are
entertained of a repetition of the scourge which
killed scores of people iu that community u few
Jay Gould, in his usual health, arrived at New
York from his Southern tour.
Ten victims of tho boiler explosion in the
Worsted Mills, Now York, last Thursday, wera
burled yesterday. FJyo moro will bo buried
Specie exports last week, 8312,883, moat of tho
cold going to South America.
Ellso De Wolf will leavo Paris in July, and
Will mako hor dobut iu Now York during the
month of Soptomber.
For tho Dlstrlot of Columbia, Maryland, and
Yirgmiu, fair weather; winds becoming south
Tbormoinetor readings yesterday: 8 A, M 83;
8 P. M., 31. Mean temperature, 37. Maximum
temperature, ii. Miahuum temperature, 3d.
Mean relative humidity, 80.