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The Sunday herald and weekly national intelligencer. (Washington [D.C.]) 1887-1896, February 15, 1891, Image 2

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THE SUNDAY HERALD, SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 15. 1891.
a j
i
io 1 1 Conn. Ave.
The Fraeb YdubI
A Now and Scientific Drill in
Yoico Gnlturo in the French
Language: or,
How io Acquire Infallibly Perfect Ac
cent and Pronunciation.
A NOVEL SYSTEM based on a
practical and scientific series of
logically-connected.
FRENCH CONVERSATIONS.
Familiarity -with SPOKEN Prcnch being thus
acquired by practice, and tbo NATURAL ASSO
CIATION or ideas and CONNECTED thoughts.
No Grammar ! No Theories ! !
No English Spoken!!!
33ut plain, cotninon-scnsc, cvery-day, idiomatic
French Conversations on a scries or CONNECTED
topics, at once practical and interesting, and
only composed out or a vocabulary or words
within the range or daily life, business, and
necessities.
Pupils learn to speak rrom the very first les
son, not only in Ions and connected sentences,
but in n long and connected Eeriesor conversa
tions; which is not the case with other systems.
Disconnected Words arc not Language; neither
arc Disconnected Sentences Conversation.
AGi: OR LICK OP TAIENT FOR LAN
GUAGES NO OBSTACLE.
This system of "VOICE CULTURE IN THE
FRENCH LANGUAGE" is THE only TRUE
SCIENTIFIC METHOD ever presented to tho
public.
It is truly scientific, because, being based on
fixed and sound principles, it is logically evolved
from them.
It appeals to tho intellect of the pupils, and
kot merely to the imagination and the gift or
imitation lacking both or which one cannot
imitate.
Tho possibility of acquiring by this scientific
method the art of speaking French with a pure
accent and a perfect pronunciation is as certain
as that any science mastered must infallibly lead
to its corresponding art, or t'ice versa.
It makes tho master absolutely independent
of tho pupil's age, or lack of talent for languages,
since it is not upon special gifts, but upon tho
intellect, understanding, and common sense of
pupils that he is to rely.
TALK ABOUT TALKING!
JUST LISTEN TO "BAB" AS SHE GOS
SIPS AND CHATTERS.
Lawrence Barrett's Legs Masculine Limbs
on the Stage Hope for Our Young Men
Girls Getting Simple In Tiioir Dress
A Brief Essay on Alligators Tho College-Bred
"Woman.
Bpecial Correspondence of Sunday Herald.
New York, Feb. 12. I have been told that
they were called "nether limbs." It may bo
true. For my own part I was taught to speak
Saxon, and 1 call them legs. The way they im
press themselves forcibly on my mind was be
cause I saw Mr. Lawrence Barrett elocute a
blank verse tragedy. Understand that by
"blank" I just mean blank, though it deserves
to be called worse.
While I've watched tho various people being
"stabbed all over until they were dead," and
taw the heroine put "a cup of cold poison in
her inside," I became fascinated by Mr. Bar
rett's legs. They are not handsome legs even
with tho addition of calves, but they have a
peculiarly fascinating way of their own that is '
touching. And in more senses than one, too;
for one knee touches another in such a pro-
nounced way that a frivolous woman would j
pronounce the learned tragedian knock-kneed !
When this result is reached at the knees, the i
right foot has a decided tendency to turn in, I
nnd I defy any human being, especially any
woman being, to look at thoso legs and believe j
that the man attached to them is a passionate
Italian lover. To he slaDgy, it won't go. An
Italian lover mu6t havo "nether limbs" of the i
shapeliest, and clothe them in silk of the gloss- I
iest, so that the eyes and tho heart of the lady
of his love aro both gratified.
MASCULINE LEGS ON TRIE bTAGE.
Apropos of legs, very few actors have good
oue6, their brains and tbo upper portions of
their bodies may ho built for tragedy, but their
leg6 are intended for comedy, or indeed for
faree. Mr Irving's legs have peculiar and
many-Bided curves; these are brought out to tho
best'ou"ect when a long cloak enshrouds him.
Mr. James Owen O'Connor ha6 undoubtedly the
most interesting hibtrlonie legs; but they would
lose their charms if they were not the active
powers in making a walk that is a combination
of a hop, skip, and a jump. The only man I can
think of on the stage who has really handsome
lcgsIsDixey,and all New York got to know them
when he dressed 60 that he looked like a bit of
Dresden, and sang that pretty little song, "I'm
such a susceptible statuette." Now, I cau't
understand why men shouldn't havo handsome
legs. They walk more than women do, they
are greater devotees at the Russian bath, and
consequently they are oftener rubbed down,
and so they ought to be in good order, not
stringy nor muscular looking, but well shaped
and firm. Tbo old men of tho stage can very
much better afford to wear knee-breeches than
cau the young ones, while the average swell
looks as if his legs were a pair of lead pencils in
a divided skirt.
nova ron our youno men.
Simplicity is earnestly endeavorlmr to mako
itself felt in New York. Pretty debutantes no
Neellge shirts, in flannel, cheviot, madras,
sateen, and cboviotine, at Miller's, shirt makers
and ladies' and gentlemen's outfitters, Eigh
teenth street and Pennsylvania avenue.
Testimonial from Class-Members.
"Washington, D. C, May 2, 1890.
Having followed Professor CollRro's first six
weeks' course or French conversation, wo, tho
undersigned members or his class, feel justified
in fully indorsing tho Professor's claim to origi
nality in his method of imparting tho power to
vocalize correctly in French, thereby giving a
perfect accent and pronunciation. His method
is undoubtedly based upon scientific principles,
as wo have had both tho means and opportunity
of duly and thoroughly testing, and it is as cor
rectly effective as it is scientific, and therefore
true.
The result is that his instruction appeals to tho
intellect, as well as to tho imagination, lending
thereto a charm unknown to other methods. It
captures and retains enthralled the enthusiastic
support and unflagging interest of the pupils
throughout the entire course. As a natural con
sequence, tho practical conversational results
are marked to an unprecedented degree for so
short a course. Why? Because of tho inward
consciousness of power and knowledge which tho
Professor has the happy faculty of imparting to
each pupil through his exact scientific system. As
very aptly expressed by several of the pupils,
the study oE French under this method is per
fectly fascinating to the earnest pupil. Fasci
nating, because it gives faith in the possibility of
learning to spoak French by it.
Mrs. Thomas M. Bavne, "Rstelle Thomas,
James S. Morrill, Elsie Girard McKiggan,
Anna M. Clearv. F. D. Shoemaker.
Mrs. E. L. Millet. Herminio Templeton,
Vircinia L. M. Ewiug, John Templeton,
A. M. Rcnsbaw, And Otherj.
longer appear at teas in elaborate ball gowns,
but instead high-necked and long-sleeved cash
mere frocks of soft gray, pale bJue, or deep scar
let are counted smartest. The result will un
doubtedly be a boom in the matrimonial market,
for the average young man will begin to think
that he can, by making a great effort, dress a
woman, whereas before, when nothing was seen
but tulle and chiffon, he doubted whether he
would be able to robe an angel. In somo other
ways, too, simplicity is coming up: you ask for
a cup of tea, and with it you get a bit of hot cake
not cut, but broken by the pretty fingers of the
hostess herself, and she is happiest when she
can toll you that she has made it herself. This
cake is usually a very plain one, with currants
and citron in it, that abominable stuff known
as angel cake having been relegated to the man
sions from which it came long ago.
a imiEr essay on alligators.
Did you ever have an alligator, and did you
like him? One came to mo the other day at
least he started to come, but when he heard
somebody on board ship 6ay what his destina
tion and who his future parent was to be, ho
stretched himself out in despair and died. I
don't know just what he thought, but he was
probably wise enough to know that canary birds
and dogs and alligators would hardly form a
happy family. He was buried at sea with high
honors; he was wrapped up in a bit of sail, put
on a shingle, and thrown down into tho blue
waters from whence he had come. That sounds
very romantic, doesn't it? In fact, when wo
heard it the dog and tho canary bird and I each
got up a tear as wo pictured the funeral, but I
may as well tell you that there wasn't any
funeral at all. That it was like tho story Joseph
told his wife. The alligator who was to havo
been my very own was brought homo to Now
York, and is now going through a process of
embalmlnc, in view of making him a paper
weight for me; but tho woman who brought
him thought it would be nicer to tell about tho
funeral first. It really did add piquancy to tho
occasion.
I am an admirer of alligators. But, after
makiug a close acquaintance with one that was
to come and live in artistic quarters, l scarcely
think I should care to be wedded to one. They
have a clammy feeling that would down all
love, aud when their mouths aro opened they
are so expressive ot a yawning gun that you
just as soon think of kissiug a coal-hole as tho
gentle bird. Then, too, ho has an unpleasant
fashion of singing all night. It may bo that
he is a follower of Wagner I don't know, I am
not well up In music, but it is an awful sound,
some place between a croak and a bark that
causes you to shudder under your blankets and
elve a fervent thanksgiving that you and tho
alligator are not in the same box.
THE C0LLEGE-IJRED WOMAN.
Have you been overcome lately by tho young
woman who has had a college education? She
is, without any exception, the most absolutely
cocksure woman in the world. Under no cir
cum6tauees do you know anything. She won't
even credit you with having a tolerably good
knowledge of slang, aud 6he talks about "what
we did at college" and "what we said at col
lege," until you wish you could take her to a
college of physicians and surgeons and have
some sort of punishment administered to her
that would bo painful, but not dangerous. You
can't oven mako her believe that you know the
multiplication table I don't after five, so that
she has always got me there but she has a
sniftly Bortof scorn of the woman who has picked
up her education, and she makes you feel that
she was especially created, her own college
Tbo only oxpert shirt cutter In the city Is at
Miller's, shirt makers and ladies' and gentle
men's outfitters, Eighteenth street and Penn
sylvania avenue.
THE FRENCH VOICE.
EOE. LADIES ONLY,
Select Private IMCoi'iiing' Olasss
Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at 11 :45 A. M.
ilsnEi'W" TERM:
PUBLIC AFTERNOON AND EVENING CLASSES,
Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at 4:30 and 6:45 P. M.
Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at 4:30 P. M.
Terms Begin Tuesday and Wednosday, February 17 and 18.
NO ENGLISH! NO GRAMMAR!!
NO THEORIES!!!
Perfect Accent, A'erfcct Pronunciation, and Practical
Conversational Results Guaranteed or
aiONEY REFUNDED.
IitTOIEN E. C. OOIXIERE, A.
A. IVnli-vo ofParls, JTctmigc,
Twenty-two Yenrs' Experience in the District, of Columbia,
lOll CONNECTICUT AVENUE.
PER MONTH Ticket to Publio Classes, (13 LcssonB, 3 a wcok,) including prlvilego
or tho other classes, $G.
NOTA BENE rupils only ongngu three (3) hours a week, but can conic, as it may
best suit thorn, on any day or tho wcok, or at any one of tho ntno (9) hours fixed
above, or at all of them, (kink nouns A week,) FllEE OF CHAHGE.
Terms for Select Private Morning Class for Ladies Only mado known upon application.
Classes Open February 17 and 18, Tuesday and Wednesday.
AFTER ONLY A THREE-WEEKS' COURSE,
NEVER HAVING STUDIED
FRENCH BEFORE.
Copy.)
United States Consulate,
Saint-Etienne, France.
Professor L. E. C. Collicrc:
Tho French lessons which you gave mo havo
been exceedingly useful. I found when I
reached Franco that my car was quite attuned to
the accent aud language of tho country.
Themorc IstudyFiench the more deeply am I
imvrcsscd with tho excellence of your systom of
teaching that language.
You have, I may add, a most happy faculty of
imparting information and arousing tho interest
and enthusiasm or your pupils, so I feel that the
hours I spent in your class-rooms were not only
hours of profit, but of pleasure as well. Sin
cerely yours.
Sept. SO, 1890. FRANCIS B. LOOMIS.
EDITORIAL-NOTICE FROMTHE BALTIMORE
AMERICAN OF SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1890.
Proressor Luclen E. C. Colllere, of "Washington,
u native of PariSi gave an introductory lecture
to his course in French last night, at Lchmann's
Hall. The audience, although not large, con
sisted or tho most educated people of tho citj',
including a John Hopkins contingent and a num
ber of teachers of the French language.
Tho Professor delivered a most instructive and
exhaustive lecture on his chosen topic, in which
ho shows himself a master. Ho dissipated tho
notion that a man must acquire any language
by being thrown among tho people who speak
it, and showed conclusively that many foreigners
spend tho most of their lives in America without
learning to nronounce English correctly, and
without being able to conceal tho shibboleth
of their foreign pronunciation and accent.
He mado tho proposition clear that, as all peo
ple have the samo vocal organs, they can nc
qulro the' samo languages, if ordinarily in
telligent and properly taught. Asa specimen'
specially arranged for her, and that her fame as
its graduate is world wide.
WOMAN'S BEST SCHOOL Or LEARNING.
I haven't a word to say against women learn
ing all they want, but even after matriculation
there is a school for every human being to go to,
and that is the famous one of experience. Theso
girls come out of college with a "know-it-all"
idea, and they suddenly discover that neither
Greek nor Euclid will do so very much toward
making them earn their own livings, nor will a
full and complete history of the lost tribes of
Israel teach them how to make an old frocklook
like new or to do that very delicate art known
as washing tho baby. "Oh, ho 1" says somebody,
"Bab's off on her same old fad." Well, yes, I
am. I do believe in giving a girl tho very best
education possible, but I cannot bo brought to
see that that is the education gained in the col
lego. There have been brilliant women,
women who have mado great successes in
life, women who aro charming socially, who
are college bred, but these are excep
tions. These aro tho two and three out
of three and four hundred. Somebody argues,
"Do I make the bread any worse for knowing
tho laws of chemistry ?" Probably not, but do
you make it any better? Then somebody says,
"Shall I become nothing but a cook and a
drudge ?" Ju6t as you fancy. A good cook Is
usually queen of her dominion and not a drudge
by any manner of means, and a good wife, such
as you want your son and mine to get, is tho
woman who, when ho Is sick, knows how to
make llttto dainties to help cure him, knows
how to measure his medicines properly, and
isn't exploiting her chemistry on the doctor
while tho man whoso name she bears is waiting
for his next dose of medicine. "But," 6ays tho
objector, "can yon cook ?" To bo quite honest,
I can only do two or three things well.
I can broil a beefsteak, and that's more than
half tho restaurants in tho various big cities
know how to do, and I can boil a potato and
know when it is done, and no establishment is
going to starve where they can got these two
things well cooked., In a sick-room I can mind
tho doctor's orders, and when you can get a pro
fessional nurse todo thatyouhavogot ajewol. I
hope I will not mako tho college-bred women
throughout tho country envious of my accom
plishments, hut when they yell, "Let us havo
more culture," I feel like making tho welkin
ring (by-the-by, what Is tho welkin?) by answer
ing them with "Let us have moro uroneu ueet
steaks and boiled potatoes,"
WHAT MEN WANT IN A WIFE.
Culture is very well for tho well-fed man who
can go to sleep over it, but a hungry man does
not want Browning and Euclid, tho Latin Gram
mar, and the Greek Testament, ho wants beef
and potatoes. Heresy? Of tho rankest, but
since we havo beaten the Force bill, I feel that
I cau express myself with truth and distinct
ness. It's true that I do believe that "woman
with tho heart" gets far away tbo better of "man
with the head," and using Mr. Tenn3'son's
quotations as a text, tho avciago young woman
is advised to cultivate a cool head and a warm
heart. Her heart may he hit now and then, but
It won't bo broken. Hearts aro curiously elastic
things. Tboy can bo pulled hero and there,
jent with auguish 60 to say, and then something
delightful will come that will prove an absolute
ointment, and behold they are in better condi
tion than ever before. Give me red roses and
heart girls I If the average young man will put
that on the banner which he bears ho will get
a wife who will love him and whom he will
honor and obey witbout over kuowing ho
does It.
THE LATEST IS TUB OLD.
What is there new ? Nothing.
The idiotic dude still Imbibes nourishment
Why do I drink Tannhaueor beer? Because
it Is tbo best in the market.
ho gave an invarlablo method of pronunciation
of tho most difficult French vowel, and con
tended that tho study of languago did not ro
quiro extraordinary gifts. , .,
Ho did 7iot propose to give a pupil an entire
French vocabulary in a few lessons, but he
claimed to teach French accent and pronuncia
tion in Huch a way in a fow lessons that all
French sounds would bo distinctly recognizablo
and porfectly familiar rorover afterwards, and
that subsequent education in French would bo
a simple and easy matter or practice and pro
gression. Ho gave several practical illustrations
or his method. His lecture was listened to with
close attention, and ho waa warmly applauded at
its close. "
EDITORIAL NOTICE FROM THE "CAPE MAY
DAILY WAVE. JULY S3. 1890.
Prof. Colliere's Lecture
On "The French Voice; or, How to Acquiro
Perfect Accent and Pronunciation in French,"
proved a very great attraction at tho Iron Pier
yesterday afternoon, tho audience being quito
largo nnd including somo of our most prominont
resident cottngers and a full complement from
tho hotels. Tho novelty of tho Professor's claim,
which proved to bo a thoroughly now idea in
tho teaching of languages, tho evidence he gave
of his mastery or tho subject chosen by him,
rurther emphasized by hisunmlstakablo earnest
ness and enthusiasm over his favorite theme,
carried conviction to tho mind. His contention
that French accent pronunciation can bo taught
and acquired as systematically and precisely as
any other branch of knowledge seemed to be
natural, true, and exactly as represented.
Indeed, tho claim is reasonable.
Tho sustained interest of his audionco to tho
very ond clearly demonstrated that ho was ad
dressing a most appreciative company, and will
result in tho formation of classes, as sevoral
are already on tho tapis.
The Professor, who is stopping at the Hotel
Lafayette, is very sanguine ot success, and antici
pates that his conversational clashes in French
will become quito the fad hero among our people.
from his cane, and looks from over the top of
his collar as If ho had a white wall about him.
Tho so-called swell young woman still dis
plays her anatomy to the world at large, doesn't
get married, and wonders that Tom, Dick, and
Harry don't want to see moro of her.
Tho match-making mamma guards her littlo
chickens very carefully so that no ineliglbles
will como near them, and the result is that as
tho years go by they aro seeking whom they
may devour and find none.
Tho average business woman is wondering
how the financial affairs of tho world went on
before she was born.
The newspaper writer is surprised that more
people don't recognize him or her when seen
on tho street.
And the babies, God bless them ! are the
things nearest to angels left to us. Though,
by tho by, if tho stork hasn't brought a baby
down your chlmnej' a fox-terrier isn't such a
bad thing to possess at least, that is the ex
perience of Bar.
HERE'S CONSOLATION.
"Wo Can Got Along Very Well Without
Too tli and Hair.
E. P. Jackson in North American Review.
With us there is, to say the least, a strong
and decided prejudice in favor of luxuriant
tresses and pearly teeth. But it is only a preju
dice, and by no means universal. We see no
lack of beauty in the infant's naked, rosy scalp,
or in Its swcot littlo toothless mouth. Wo oven
see a kind of majestic beauty in tho Ivory dome
that covers tho stage's busy brain. A white,
shining billiard-ball is by no means unpleasing
to the oye, and no one can fancy Its beauty im
proved bycoveringhalf of it with a coat of hair,
however soft and silky, lustrous, brown, or
golden. Birds had teeth onco; how should wo
welcome a prospect of tho return, a retrogres
sion, to their former seml-rcptllian condition ?
Would you think your canary or your brllllant
hued cockatoo improved in its appearance if tho
smooth, even edges of its bill wore garnished
with sawB of pearly teeth like a little feathered
and winged alligator? Tho possession of a
full complement of teeth has always been re
garded as an Indlspeusable condition of perfect
health. To our prehistoric ancestors, who had
no other grain-mills than their molars, it must
have been so, and tho modern soldier in active
service would find his haid-tack and leathery
salt beef rather unsatisfactory faro without tho
dental Integrity which tho examining surgeon
so properly insists upon, But tho constantly
imptoving science of cookery supplies tho
remedy for tho civilian, aud as to the soldier, ho
Is, llko his teeth, a relic of undeveloped civiliza
tion. Tho "dogs of war" must go, teeth and
all. Experience has demonstrated that tho
luxurious diet of civilization, which gives so
littlo for tho teeth to do, is, on tho whole,
moro conducive to vitality and longevity than
tho hard faro of savagery. Long before tooth
less gums shall havo become tho rule all occa
sion for teeth will havo passed, citherfor beauty
or U6e.
The Copyright Bill.
After having adopted several amendments,
and thereby so altering tho Copyright bill as to
prompt Mr. Piatt to say that ho hardly knew
whether tho bill was now in his charge or In tho
charge of othor gentlemen who bad succeeded
in amending It, (to its detriment, as bethought,)
tho Senate yesterday In a single yoto wiped out
all of the amendments that had been adopted.
and the bill is now pcndlmr before tbo Senate
in exactly tho form it was passed by tho House.
The friends of the bill hope to prevent any
amendment whatever, so as to avoid the neces
sity of lurther action upon the matter by the
House.
Can a National Aocont or Voico Be
Definod?
Assuredly so. At loust tho French nnd tho
English Voices can nnd arc by this system. Tho
principles that undrrllo tho FitKNcn Accent on
Voice arc diametrically the opposite of thoso un
derlying tho English Voice.
Unless thorororo an American can scientifically
or otherwise difTorontinto theso two voices
French nnd English ho muBt or necessity in
stinctively and unconsciously bo influenced by
hlsown natlvo accent since ho cannot havo tho
faintest conception or suspicion that thcrocan
bo any othor natural method of blooding Bounds
into language but that method which is natural
to his own idiom.
If hobo not possessed of what Is commonly
called a musical oar. together with a wonderful
memory for sounds, ho will utterly fall to
realize and catch tho French accent with its vary
ing inflections, and ho will lcnrn to speak that
lauguago with a most pronounced American iu
tonntlon or accent.
Tho blamo for such defective nccont In French
ha9 never, until now, boon laid at tho door of
French teachers or tho methods in vocuc. but at
tho poor pupil's for his stupidity.
The French Accent on Voice, or anysound
in the French Language foreign to Eng
lish, should he so clearly defined that
the mind grasps it sees it, as it were so
that the pupil can produce it corhectly
llErORE HAVING FIRST HEARD IT SOUND.
Iii this way tho porfcot gift of imitation is Im
parted ct'cn to tho pupil littlo possessed of it.
Then lot tho pupil listen and ho will surclv
catch tho pronunciation aud accent in spile cf
any lack of talout.
Can any ONn-yotui0 or old, gifted or not gifted
for Languages, sharp of hearing, or with this
sense dulled by age or accident bo taught to
speak French with perfect accent and pronunci
ation ?
No I in nluo cases out of ton, no II if loft, ns by
all previous methods they havo always been
left, to shift for themselves, and acquiro pronun
ciation and accent by merely listening attentively
to the teacher's or Frenchman's voice, and, hear
ing, repeat and imitate as well as they may
granting.howover, the listener has.llko tho mock-lug-bird,
tho mugpio. or tho poll-parrot, tho won
derful gift of pure imitation, without the power of
analysis. But, if ho havo not what then ? Why,
thon ho is pronounced non-gifted fov languages
having no car and incapable, therefore, of be
ing taught properly, though, of course, through
no fault of his or of tho systom or, rather, lack
of system, but through nature's fault. And the
poor pupils generally acquiesco in this judg
ment. On the other hand, by this JVcio and Scien
tific Drill in Voice Culture in the French Lan
guage any one, possessing ordinary Intelligenco
and culture, may bo mado to pronounco cor
rectly, both as to sounds and accent, without
first actually havina heard the French
Voice, and, therefore, independently or any de
fect of hearing, gift, or lack of girt on tho
pupil's part.
An American adult, made deaf by accident,
can, by this Nciv Scientific Drill, be mado to
speak French with a correct accent and pronun
ciation; because, as ho has already a knowledge in
his own language of whnt aro sounds, through a
scientific and as exact a definition as a mathemati
cal one, a mental conception of a new sound can bo
conveyed to his brain iHtlcpcJidcntl of 7ifs hcar
ing or lack of hearing. This feat has been per
formed by this system. Can it bo repeated by
any other?
ANIMALS TRIED FOR CRIME.
iv i; uno us Jfiinso oi superstition in
the
Middle Ages.
All tho Year Hound.
In tho Middle Ages the lower animals were fre
quently tried, convicted, and punished for vari
ous offenses. Mr. Baring-Gould has collected
somo curious cases of this kind. In 12CG a pig
was burned at Fontanoy-aux-Roses, near Paris,
for having eaten a child. In 1386 a judge of
Falaise condemned a cow to be mutilated and
hanged for a similar offense. Three years later
a horsowas similarly tried before tho magistrate
and condemned to death for having killed a
man. During tho fourteenth century oxen and
cows might be legally killed whenever taken in
tho act of marauding; and asses for a first of
fense had one oar cropped, for a second offense
the other ear, and if after this they were asses
enough to commit a thiid offense their lives be
came forfeit to tho crown.
"Criminal" animals frequently expiated their
offenses, liko other malefactors, on tho gallows,
but subsequently they were killed without trial,
and their owners mulcted in heavy damages.
In tho fifteenth century it was popularly be
lieved that cocks wero intimately associated
with witches, and thoy were sometimes credited
with tho power of laying accursed eggs, from
which sprang winged serpents. In 1474, at
Bale, a cock was publicly accused of having
laid one of theso dreadful eggs. IIo was tried,
sentenced to death, and, together with the egg,
was burned by tho executioner in tho market
place amid a great concourse of people. In
1094. during tho witch persecutions In Now
Englaud, a dog exhibited such strange symp
toms of aflliction that ho was believed to have
been ridden by a warlock, and ho was accord
ingly hanged.
Snails, files, mice, ants, caterpillars, and
other obnoxious creatures havo been similarly
proceeded against and condemned to vailous
punishments mostly in ecclesiastical courts.
And, stranger still, inanimate objects havo suf
fered the same fato. In 1085, when tho Protest
ant Chapel at Rochello was condemned to be
demolished, the bell thereof was publicly
whipped for having assisted heretics with its
tonguo. After being whipped it was catechised,
compelled to recant, and thou baptized and
hung up In a Roman Catholic place of worship.
rrouamy similar ansuruitlcs may have been
perpetrated In our own country, England, for
it must be remembered that only in tho present
reign was the law repealed which mado a cart
wheel, a tree, or u beast which had killed a
man forfeit to tho State, for tho benefit of tho
poor.
Worthy of Mention.
There Is exhibited in Bioutano's wiiidow a
small oil painting executed by an unknown
artist. It represents a cluster of pink morning
glories in a glass of water. The spirit of Flora
has been breathed upon tho canvas. It blushes
with tbo light of summer, seems to sparkle with
the dews ot dawn, and mirrors nature. The
wild ideality of Rosa, tho purity of Gerard, tho
vigor of Dalacioix, the softness of Murillo, and
the feeling of Verriet all seen blended within
tho compass of a littlo frame. This contribu
tion from perhaps an obs"curo painter deserves
a wreath of laurel in any gallery consecrated to
art. Lot it haug with the chefs d'ouvre of tho
masters and comparison will enhanco its beauty.
Paint on, oh ! gentle limner, for tho world needs
but to know thy name to do it homage.
To Repeal the McKinley Act.
A bill to repeal the McKinley Tariff act, and
to recnact all laws repealed by that act, was
Introduced In the nouso yesterday by Repre
sentative Dlckerson, of Kentucky.
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