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o r t -sr- - r 3C OC ... - PROGRESS. 7rtr Z. r5r Ztf; r Established in Righteousness. HONOLULU, SEPT. 21. 1S93 TOPICS OF THE DAY. The inconsistency of the Star editor :s something wonderful. He coiues out yesterday in two editorials, one written for the benefit of Mr. Theo. H. Duvies, undone f-r the "deluded Hawai ians," and in both, tries to show the absurdity and impossibility of advocating a vote foj the uat ives in regard to tbe futare form of government in Hawaii. Mr. Davies is called a demagogue, and the Royalists who believe that ihe plebiscite will be tacen are accused of misleading and delud ing the poor natives. Kow. it was not so very long ago when the very same editor came out pretty strongly and accused the Royal ists of misleading the Hawaiians, because they told thorn through their press and at meetings that the intention of tho annexation ists was to deprive tho Hawaiians of their franchise if annexed. "We were termed liars, and everything bad, and tho natives were assured that annexation's pupa, and all his followers were determined never to accept any treaty of an nexation, except tho civil rights of the Hawaiians were fully pro tected and fully recognized. "Why, the Star editor wrote columns for the purpose of emphasizing to tho poor kanakas that the annexation ists really were their best friends, aud that thoy would receive more political rights when Hawaii was a State or a Territory in the Union. "Wo, and with us, the Hawaiians, wore always rather suspicious and iuclined to doubt the sincer ity of tho Star and its followers, and tho pivsent attitude of tho Star confirms our suspicions, and shows how much faith could bo jslaced in its promises of civil rights. For. if it is absurd and ridiculous to talk about a Hawa iian plebiscite, if it is folly to boliove that tho P. G. would over allow the Hiwaiiaus a voto in de ciding tho form of government for their country, why in tho nnmo of Heaven should anybody believe, that the Hawaiians if annexed would be granted tho franchise, and thereby, givou the power to rule their own couutry. If tho "aborigines' as Mr. Smith now calls his formerly beloved friends tho Hawaiians are unfit ted to cast a vote, and have a voica in settling tho present situation, whv should thov be fit ted to settle tho government, and be tho rulers, if Hawaii should become a Torritoiy -or a State. Will tho Star kindly explain? The truth is that the pro mises of & frauchise us giveu out by the Star, at the instigation and advice of L. A. Thurston were clumsy, and far from clever at toinptsnt deluding the natives. If any of them swallowed tho bait thoy have to day received tio proof of the sincerity of tho annexation party, and we hope, received & never-to-be-forgotten lesson. Wc publish to-day a table of the popnlation"bf the Hawaiian Islands, showing the nmner cul strength of the different nation alities, their political and finan cial status, the Tariation- aud estimated changes in the popu lation from ear to year, and tho occupation of the different nation alities in the main industry of the country, the sugitr cultiva tion. "Wo are indebted for our figures to the .Hon A. jSTurqm's. who has takeD great pains and care in gathering these statistics. There is no man in this country more familial with such work than Mr. Marques, and ho de serves tho greatest credit for the time and skill that he has devot ed in presenting the world with aa absolutely correct exhibit of the true proportions of the heterogeneous population of the Hawaiian Islands. As plebiscite undoubtedly will bo tiken in these islands in a very near future, the figures which we publish to-day will be of extreme interest to those who have tho future of Hawaii at heart. A careful study of the table will also show what out rageous lies tho Provisional Com missioners, and the annexation organs have manufactured n regard to the number, wealth and possessions of the American colony in Hawaii. We shall in this issue devote onr space to show exactly how the Americans who claim nine-tenths of all the wealth here stand in proportion to all the other nationalities. whom they desire to forco into submission to tho Stirs and the Stripes. Accoiding to tho census of 1890, there were 1923 Americans here, including men women and children. The number of Ameri cans had decreased since the census of 1884 by 13S souls, and this decrease has continued since 1890. In that year, they constituted only 2.14 per cent, of the whole population, and the total number of registered voleis amounted only to 637 or a per centage of 4.66 of ;tll registered voters n the country. When ve read these fignres, Ave cunnot help being surprised at the audacity of such "a microscopic body of men usurping to them selves tho government of the laud, as a right ud as a matter of justice, because sumo Ameri can missionaries at one time came here, and gave to the native Hawaiian Christi; nity, aud tue more or loss civilization follow ing that religion. The envoys of the American colony here, have persistently represented the Americans in Haw ii, as being the dominating class, and have naturally created the impression that their numerical strength was of some consequence. Thoy have demonstrated tho sugar n dustry as depending on American Avorkingmen while the facts are that only 101 Americans are em ployed on all the plantations of the land, and thoir places could be filled to-morrow by English or Germans, or in many instances by Japanese and Portuguese with out the slightest trouble. It is then on account of their gro fc wealth'of which they boast .that,-they clainrto cuve the right .to Ignore tho pttier nationalities a l li ! ct o it 1,1 i 3 - it-;jt- O 1 r . . - - - 5 cs t S gSr . c c E cl j K K 55 c SS i is -r s I! ' XSi t 1 -525 -i - '! I m te i 1 ec r; cj it 3 c c to O c -i CH J Ph O P4' t r CO s c o r: s - -a c so S 5 - o t t is ct 13 c C2 c r: ct t o 2 - ! o 2 - w co 1 0OO5 f -r w -c3"t Cf CO oo ; '. o ; ; '. a S3 t ? s a - s m 5- 2 v. ;o-' P - here and decide tho destiny of J HViwfiii but, whi.t dn wo see when ! we look over the figures relating to the financial status in our table. We find that real estate is owned by only 177 Americans, against 3,771 Hawaiians. 226 Chinese, 234Portngnese and 169 Britishers. Tho holdings of the Americans, we admit, amount to a largefignre. and they pay $139,998.30 iu taxes every year, or 26 per cent, of-all tho tixes. But tho Hawaiians pay yearly 135,416.05, or 25.3 per cent, of all the taxes, while the Asiatics here pay 139,214.51 or 25.8 per cent , of all tho taxes. On what niay we ask, do tho Americans then base their claim for supremacy here? It must be remembered that Glaus Spreckols and his interests hero are includ ed in the 26 per cent, of taxes paid by the Americ ns. and that more than one half of the amount is paid through his firm, leaving n very small amount for tho Amer ican annexationists. Of course, the taxes paid per capita averages only 9 95 f-.r a Hawaiian, wh.lo each American pays $105.26 as an average, but we can hardly be lieve that they would nse that-fact as an argument for their claims. Because if they should, we must calltheirettentionto the fact that the average oft -xes per capiia paid by Britishers, amounting to 105. 16, or sraewhat more than the averages of tho Americans. We sbll in coming issues, return to this interesting subject, and shall I a-. r i I T SO A . -ri o rti- is ocsmoiccol t- i-r ci 33 O r; M CI c ri-r s-: occ 3h - tax i-ccc -co nrt o r- e t ci 13 fs 3 si c t CI o - o - "CI0 o CO CO t- exs ci-cicia)- Sa 1300 I3 o '. 5: 2 '3 r u o g 3 2 x.S I a 3 M- S .-5 Z3 2 X K 35 c S o 1! 2 b.a c o o o F-r in tho meantime, suggest to our friends and also to our con- temporaries to make a careful study of Mr. Marques' figures to see what deductions they can make from them. More Music! Pr--feasor Berger aud his band will giva a concert to-night at 7:30 o'clock at Miikee Islands. Follow ing is the programme: P.KT I. 1. March "Saven Silnrmns" Ifillocktfr 2. Overture ' Zmpa' Herold 3. Cornet solo "Palaco Bugler",.. . . . . . "Weissenborn Br Jlr. Charles Kreater: 4. Fantasia "The Rivals" Tettee PAKT II. 5. ileJler "Pleasant Memories".... Beyer 6. Eaphonlnm solo "Rocked in the.. D.ep". Pendivillo By Mr. J. Gomes. 7. Waltz "Tlss Syrens-' Waldtenfel S. Polka "A Good Kiss" Waldteof!l Hawaii Punoi. Did He Mean It? We are informed, that the ex Englishman from YnnDiemenss Land, Mr. J. T. Waterhouse. offers to bet $25,000 to $1,000, that tho Queen will not bo restor ed. Wo were not aware that the old party was a sport, but, if ho is yet of the same opinion and ready to put up his coin, we will be obliged if he will communi cate with our office either per sonally, or by letter, or telephone, and wo shall be there in double quick time. ' . -'" V "JFarewelL Benefit to the " l3ostoru" AT THE Execution Building, -JCoudav, Sept, 25th, 1S3S, Brilliant Galaxy of Talent, Wonderful Feats. Positively for One 2'ight Onlyu Special Attention called to the following "Star" numbers. Monsieur Smart Aleck Jumpsome wiH intro duce some of his wonderful feats Of con tortion and' lightmug changes posing first us a champion of the National Reform Party, Splendid accessories of bine, lights, Jersey lightning etc. Reproduction of "lok stairs compacts," "Enarjoife idiots" "broken pledges" "reform cor ruptions." Instantaneons tmnsfonpntfon tnSI,Sy Snip pers (at ?t.(K fxfra.) T,tirid Emodo "Bnillatin Oflke" Grand taWe, sprawHnt; act with frefcfri3 of "t'eviU" phr'ekJns for cfpy. Cincinnntus at the cMcm ranch Soft music Lightning Cnsli Change. Frillfftnt snd in fprinc mntirt'on act. In fall presence . of puWic. Pmrt At-lt vrUlnrrieMd to swallow all former nttewnces all th mot fantastic tumbles to hinuelf !c. ' " . (This lat act will on'y l rrwnt e nt fsnt.K benefit The Sn PVm Urnifpr rVn.wWtjd- uni versally bv biipppl' to lv Ibo hWing exponent o thn manly irt-w:llpiro an exhibition of his sVJil Shad ows son m in 'ro r-nni The country run "n "rU forni"n rrinr;ptp4" De feness ovrpigns knock"1 ont. If encored tho nrtit will cive a huraorous rendition of hw skil entiUed: "What I know abont Hawaii " Tne rinc.tilel ho-W Smn bmher in' consienc nnl l'ff in bii snbjnent" limbs. wU next fVJnht th- andi ence with bis fntics.-- Ho will piny Mnocrnt in the mopt approved style and "th the mo&t snc'inxoniou3 visflc Tho nn1'pnc ! cnjoncd ' ngaint lnchler or emontra. tions of-merripieut a? his perform-nc U very rral to te per- ' former. r Mr. .Haslislinrer will ri',' the pnHic situ - ation ivith 'livided Rtirts. J. TT. de Soup with-thp-mnV-ofwvlonl and the imnornn of the Kmrrdr of China will then T tr ''ure his fumone liayfonft n'r'wfobt act in which his le" will dodge the sword at his si-e in the - mot thrilling . manner. Tandem do Pothou with-the-rank-of-lla-jah-and the ceneml aimect f a meri dian of longitu'lf on a snwna'm bnlistic tour will recifo r wih I was an Enclishmnn, -Yon know!" Then follows the celebrate! "Dsmon aid Pusillanimonsn sketch in which the former will jnmpjrom one financial ' leg to tho other whila Pnaillnni- s -mouswill swear that h is air the time on both feet. This performance is the mora amusing m -the actors and not th andinca aro deluded and hnmbngl. Giovanni di Martini the Pantaloon will giya s scissors and poo exhibition in which h will "sU the conntry from the Kan.iVn-nnd what, sre you Rring to do about it." The publia is inform'! thai this perfora:-. aaoa -will be of Out most excludrc character and that nothing will" occur toof&nd tho most fasddhns. Tfca ererr day menagerie will be confined to ths ha5iBent during the cntertaic aent and (he hatches b.t;ead " down. Soya'ists are cannoned C-unsi throwing porsoaed ' , useat or canned p.s ., to the animals.