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PROGRESS. Tlie Life of the Land is listablisliea in Righteousness. HONOLULU. NOV. 3, 1893. TOPICS OF THE DAY. The Minister of Finance has shaken the Collector General up and succeeded in getting the report from the Custom House for the quarter ending Septerabor the 30th, 1S93. The report is the most defective that -ver has been Hent out by the Custom-Bureau. While it is of interest see what our exports have been during the quarter it is of exactly as much interest for the conntry, to see what the imports have been, but the quarterly report as published by authority discreetly ignores that part of the business. The reason is probably -that a comparative table of the imports in 1892, with those in 1893, would show a startling decrease except perhaps in arms and ammunition. But it is from the imports that the country derives a very important portion of its revenues, and wo should con sider it of vast interest to learn how much trade has deteriorated since our wise rulers revolution ized the country. If the officials in the Custom House, some day, say within a month or two should get time to make a report of the imports during the quarter end ing September 30th, wo trust that His Excellency the Minister of Finance will publish it and assist its to some statistics and the Advertiser to some more pap. The minister seems very jubil ant, because there is a marked increase in tho exports of sugar and bauanas this year as against last year during tho same period. This is of course due to the P G. Everything good is duo to that remarkable government accord ing to His Excellency. Of course wo might call the mini ster's attention to the fact that tho cane from which tho increased sugar has been produced was planted somewhat before tbo official existenco of the minister and his colleagues in fact while the alleged corrupt monarchy held .sway and wo are constrained to say that tho increase in the ex ports is an increase of "monar chial" sugsr. Wo are sorry to notice a murk ed decrease in tho export of pine-apples, because we believe that it is caused by ft decreaso in tho demand rather than in a docroaso in production. A num ber of people have mado con siderable investments in tho pine-apple business and if a de creaso in the demand should nnnfinna fit n tt o rf Trill doubtedly be overstocked and heavy losses result unless our paternal government swallows its scruples and passes nn act al lowing tho manufacture of alco hol. The Minister of Finance at the Council meeting suggested that it was his plan that the Postal Saving's Bank, should be placed on an independent basis and conducted as an institution per fectly separated from the trea sury. We fully agree with the theory of the minister, but it would be of interest to learn how he proposes to do it. The Bank owes its depositors over $500,000, and has no money set aside with which to pay this amount, nor even a reserve fund. According to the published statemeuts. the Bank is living from hand to month, and we should here sug gest that it would be of great help for the people to fully be enabled to understand the work ing of the Bank if the minister would state the amount of de posits every week and the amount of actual withdrawals. Tho present method of stating an amount as representing -'cash on hand" and an another amount ns "notices of withdrawals for the next three raonthes1' is highly unsatisfactory. If it is published every week what the cash has been, paid into and drawn out of the bank the tax payers will be in a position to judge for themselves of the solidity and soundness of this Great financial institution. Of the promised reduction in the military expenditures we see nothing nor have we noticed that the forces- have been decreased. The minister mado a very elabor ate statement some weeks ago of what he was going to do in regard to retrenchment, but he either was not sincere or -as rumor has it the President up on his return put his foot on the proposed reductions and would not sanction the dismissal of a single soldier. The government should be above indulging in such humbug and such attempt to de ceive the conntry. The Police Department is evidently being conducted on the most extrava gant scale. Wo notice that Mr. W. O. Smith who in the last Legislature enlarged on the necessity of a police force at Waikiki has placed quite a force of men all along the road to the Park. Whether hebelievesthatthe town lately has been infested with thugs and thieves, and that a strong police force is necessary, we do not know, but we are in clined to believe that he smells conspiracy and treason in tho marshes on the Waikiki road. When some day the present cabi net will be called to account by a Legislature, we hope to find Mr. Marsden on a committee of investigation, and ways and means. We will guarantee some loud talking and severs "chop ping" before ho "gets through with the learned Attorney-General and his police-department. Mr. Hastings who is clerk to the Hawaiian Legation in Wash ington had his salary raised to $350.00 a month. He has, ac cording to the statement in the Council, rendered the government some valuable services. Of course tho country cannot know what these services lire, because the Councils go into secret session to read "newspaper clippings," and Mr. Hastings letters. We also have some "newspaper clip pings" and letters bearing on Mr. Hastings' "valuable" ser vices, and we believe that the results of the whole business will show the country and more es pecially the P. G. that Mr. Hastings, alleged services were not so "valuable" after all, and that the 5350.00 a month were rather wasted. Our esteemed eontemporary the Star seems unwilling or un able to understand the so-called Japanese question in Hawaii. We have always refused to be lieve in the assertion that Mr. Blount officially or privately ad vised the provisional government to simply make a refusal to the request of the Japanese govern ment. The assertion has never been confirmed in the American press, nor has tho Japanese gov ernment any cognizance of such a remarkable step by the Amer ican Minister. Nor has the provisional government ever made a refusal to the request. Nor is the request dropped or withdrawn, but it is simply post poned at the request of tho tem porary Hawaiian government, which submitted to the Japanese government, that the matter was not properly to be decided on by a provisional government?" It is upon a numerously signed petition from tho Japanese resi dents in Hawaii that their gov ernment took action. But all that the Japanese government has over claimed is, that the Hawaiian government mast ful fill its treaty obligations. Can any rational being believe that the United States' government or any other civil izpd government should coolly. tell Hawaii "never mind your treaty obligations, you have got what yon want out of Japan, "burst" tho contract with that empire and we will holpj'ou." The Star has con stantly represented the Japanese djiuaud as a new issue in which Japan brought forward some un reasonable and unjust demands. Tho issue is several years old and is, as we have constantly pointed out, a simple demand on Hawaii that she carry out the obliga tions into which she entered when she signed the treaty with Japan. The Star itself would hardly advocate that any private individual should be allowed to sign a contract and then be en abled to break the conditions with impunity. If the agreement which we understand exists be tween the Star editor, and the Star company was broken or infringed on by the latter we feel assured that the editor would make it uncomfortably hot for tho company, and call into his assistance all tho machinery of tho law. And why should a government or a country be less liable to fulfill its obligations volun tarily incurred, than a private in dividual? In the treat' between Japan and Hawaii the latter guarantees .to the citizens of the former, residing in Hawaii, all the rights and privileges granted to the citizens of the most favored nations residing in Hawaii. How Hawaii under that clause is to get out of the fran chise business and still claim an honored name among the nations of the earth we fail to see. Some days ago a Chinaman who was assaulted near the Pali died. A coroners jury was called, and in their verdict the jury partly blamed a man named Yon Bergh of beiug implicated in the matter, and perhaps the immediate cause of the man's death. Wo have waited patiently to see if the Marshal was going to take any action in the affair, but to our great surprise nothing seems to be done. We admit the dead man was onlva Chinaman, and we understand that the alleged assailant is a pet of the govern ment, bat we can hardly believe that these facts would deter the Marshal from doing his duty. Wouldn't it be well for one of our official organs to arise and explain. THAT PLEBISCITE. So, the P. G. men are at last willing to have a plebiscite, if they can have it and manipulate it to their own satisfaction! Auwee! Although the proverb says: 'betier late then never," yet, in this case it is better never than late. Many men who ought to know, are confident that the American Government will not require any thing like a plebi scite to restore the legitimate Sovereign and Her legitimate government. A great wrong to the country and to tho legitimate citizens has been committed by Minister Stevens, without a plebiscite; he revolution foment ed and abetted by him was equivalent to an overt act of piracy. America will right that great wrong without having to consult the people here. So there is no reason to worry on that point. But it is really laugh ablo to see the somersaults of the P. G. men! If they had had any common sense about them, they would have taken a plebi scite., to cover and color their infamous act, right after the re volution, when they could have manipulated the votes to their own pleasure, and perhaps could have obtained an appearance of popular backing. But even in the flush of their success-, they were too much scared to trust any thing even to a fraction of the inhabitants, and they contented themselvos to arrogantly defy the nation, and declare that no election of any kind, would bo allowed for the next four yearsj at the very least, during which tho People, rich and poor, Noble or Representative voters "alike, were supposed to submit quietly to the iniquity of being arbitrari ly deprived of all their political rights. But now. when the P. G. ship is sinking and stinking, then tho Noble Voters (because of their being gratuitously sup posed to be the most dislo'al part of tho Nation) are suddenly found good enough to be con sulted as a forlorn hope; evident ly the time is not far away when even the riffraff of the represent ative voters will also be found good enough! Go to! you Pharisees! The plebiscite would be in order only if there was yet any possible doubt of Stevens' guilt and yours too; then it might be proper to consult all the legitimate voters, beginning with tho aborigines or true subjects, and closing with the naturalized foreigners, the ballot being put under the super vision of U. S. officers, to prevent any fraud. But as such is not the case, the Queen will be duly restored by the forces whose, presence in front of the Palace helped to put Her down., and the only way for the P. G. men to save themselves would bo for them to do, at once, the act of contrition, "before they are forced to it by the United States Gov ernment Justice. CHEAP FUEL -r 7-i -i . l Firewood $9.00 per Cord Delivered. JNO. F. COLBURX & CO. Long Branch BATHING Establishment. This First-class Bathing Bosort has been enlarged and is now open to the public. It is the best place on tho islands to enjoy a bath and there is no bettor place to lay off. Special acconi modationsfor Ladies. Tramcars pass the door ever half hour and on Saturdays and Sundays every fifteen minutes. JAMES SHERWOOD T I Theo. P. Severn", a. W. Bolster. HAWAIIAN GALLERY, 467 Nuuanp Stkeet, Honolulu, (Oppo. Queen Emma Hall). Views of tb.e Island Constantly on Hand, such as Natives Making Poi, Grass Houses Hnlnhnla Dancers, Cocoanut Groves Street Views and Hawaiian Stylo Riding Buildings, Palm and Date Groves War Vessels, Shipping and Marine Views. Also, a Large Collection of all Prominent and Interesting Views of tho Hawaiian Islands either mounted or unmounted. Amateur Work Solicited. P.O. Box 49S TO-NIGHT ! WE WI!,L,3srjj-15E THERE THE ARLINGTON Billiard Parlors Hotel Street, Honolulu. WILL OPEN THIS EVENING EVERYBODY WELCOME White & Hopkins, Proprietors. SANS SOUCI HOTEL WAIKIKI, HONOLOLU. Fiist-Class Accommodation for Tourists and Island Guests. ' Superior Bathing Facilities, Private Cottages for Families. T. A. SJQIPSON, octfl Manager. L. H. DEE Jobber of Wines, Spirits aid Beers HOTEUL ST., Between Fort and Bethel Streets.