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77 jfyc of the Land is Esiablishea in Righteousness. HONOLULU, NOT. 8, 1S93. ATOPICS OP THE DAY. t . . The comfort svhich the annexa tionists bare derived rom. the ordinary, every day diplomatic language contained in Minister Willis' letters of credentials, and in hia speech isi Source of smo merriment and rsorae .surprise. "Ve understood all along since January tho 17th, tlit the object of the revolution7 on that day, was to get Hawaii joined as a roombor of tho HJnited States. "Wo thought that the reason for tho existence of the P. G. was to gain the same object, and that "closor union with the United States" was its mission here. And weibeliovod that the oigau i7Ation of tho annexation club, tho display of American bunting in the streets, the sending of Commissioners, profes sors, envoys and secretaries was for the purpose of deceiving tho people of Hie United States into tho belief -that Hawaii and the Hawaiian nation were ready and willing to surrender their inde pendence and bo deprived of self-government. And now after all their schemes have been frustrated and iheir hopes finally stamped out and Iinistor "Willis' very presoueo .hero has put tho seal oi tuo unitea states on tneir defeat, these men, sing out triumphantly, "-wo are saved," and tho Star goes into hysterics and fat typo. s . And what does this artificial enthusiasm prove? Simply that all those patriotic (!) disinterest ed (J) nnsolfish (I) men who in duced a disgraced American Minister J. L. Stevens and an irroponsible naval officer to put them by display of force, and by the misuse of the United States name into power only wanted to get thore, because they hated to bo "outs" and were longing to bo "ins." They in their iguor anco of diplomatic language and usages believe or pretend to believe that Minister Willis' credentials assure them of permanency- as a government and assist thorn in depriving Ha waii of a right to solf-govern-ment, History shoidd have taught them that the will of a people always ultimately carries the ' day, aud so made them 'bottle up their enthusiasm for some other occasion. That closer union with tho Unit ed States was not the trno cause for tho revolution as has been stated heretofore can be seen from tho happiness nmong tho annexationists on the day that they finally learned that the United States will not annex us. It was ' government pap and boodle, they were after, and wo aro suro they have made tho most of their.brief opportunity. -Tho resolution which was in troduced at a meeting of the Board of Health for the purpose of preventing salo of fish outside tho public market looks very much like a job. "We don't be lieve though that the Board of Health has sufficient power to make such an order unless a law to that effect be passed. Nothing was said about the object of this remakable step, but we suppose that sanitary reasons will be civen as the cause for putting number of people living in the suburbs to great inconvenience JFish is a wholesome food when it is fresh. But we cannot see why people cannot as well judge of the good quality at their Kitchen-door as they can at tho market. People of ordinary means who keep no horses and car riages, finds it a great conveni ence to occasionally have fish brought to their door and sold as ehenn as at the market. If the absurd step is really taken it will mean that many house holds will bo deprived of a variety of food and forced to eat nothing, but meat of the poor quality often sold in Hono lulu or they will have to live on frozen fish which tho Board of Health is kind enough to offer as a substitute for fresh fish. What .guarantee has the . Board that j:he frozen fish imported hero is of sound and good quali ties? We doubt very much that any of tho fish brought down hero on ice in tho steamers is ever as fresh and whole some as the fish caught in tho night and peddled around early in the mornings The whole business looks like a job and a very "sell-fish" oneat .that It is surprising why tho organ of tho Annexation Club should oppose the taking of a plebiscite in Hawaii. Tho club we learn claims that on its Begister ap pear tho names of bona fide members to tho amount of 6,596 or about C3 per cent of tho votes cast at the last general election. Of course when tho club makes such a statement it is for the pur pose of impressing upon people abroad, the alleged universal popularity of annexation among all the voters of the country. An analysis of the figures of the club compared with the registered voters does not bear out the statement made, but proves that there is something rotten in the figures somewhero or in tho club. Glassed as to nationality tho club claims "according .to its statement to present tho follow ing: American 1,449; Hawaiian 1,671; Portuguese 2.3S6-, Ger man 420; British 351; Norwegian 72; Unclassified 247. As regis tered voters (at the last general election) we find the following: American 637; Hawaiian 9,554; Portuguese 2,091; German 3S2; autkso on. Now wo would like to know where tho club has got its members from? The number of foreign residents in Hawaii is steadily decreasing and it would therefore bo interesting to know how tho club has succeeded in scraping up 1449 American mem bers when there only aro 637 voters of that nationality. Tho total amount of Americans according to the last cousus was 1,928, and in that figure are included all men, women axid children. We can hardly believe that thttclub would have tho gall to claim that every American is a member of it,- and that both women and children have been registered. But whatever the club should claim in that regard its 1,449 Americans cannot be voters. Indications are that every tran sient traveller, every tourist, every sailor, or any other bird of passage has been labeled Amer icans, and registered and represented to be residents and voters of Hawaii. The figures are . fraudulent and the method is characteristic of the annexation schemers and plotters who have attenrpted to settle the destiny and polic- of Hawaii through the - common methods of ward-politicians and sand-lotters. That .they have utterly failed is as satisfactory as it was inevitable. The Circuit Court is working its weary way through tho un usually long calendar. It is worthy of notice and comment that there aro not less than 46 cases against people charged either with selling liquor, gamb ling or offenses against tho opium law. There must certainly be" something radically wrong. Of course we believe that every man shonld have all possible facilities to be tried by a jury, but it is both wasto of timo and of 'money to tr- before juries the petty sale of a bottle of swipes or tho possession of cho fa tickets. If the government had desired to show itself an impovemeut on former regimes it should have oc cupied its time by changing and regulating all the license laws and tho illicit transactions now flourishing all over tho country would soon be abated if not stamped out. But tho cant and hypocrisy which aro the leading features of tho Beforin Party will continue to prevent wise and beneficial legislation at least as long as matters of state and of church aro hopelessly tangled up and mixed to gether.v FIRING THE KOTlL SlMTE AT - -WINDSOR. Tho ordinary idea with regard to the firing of the Royal salute is that it is performed by means of a heavy gun or guml, That is true in respect to natiil and mili tary stations, and some other places where big guns abound; but it is not correct as to Wind sor. It might be supposed that at Her Majesty's principal home, whifih as one of our oldest castles was in past times intimately as sociated with largo weapons of warfare, the salute would be fired from at least a great muzzle- loader, if not one of the modern breech-loaders, with soldiers in attendance. It might seem, too, that hero, above all, tho ceremo ny would lie accompanied by some show of dignity worthy of a closely observed and much res pected function. But, alas! for supposition and exalted associa tions of Royalty, this not the case. - Readers who have not witnessed the performance maybe interested in a brief description of it, as carried out in Windsor Park. The principal occasions on which the Royal salute of twenty one guns is fired are on the an niversary of Her Majesty's birth day, accession; and coronation, and of the birthdays of the Prince of. Wales, the Empress Frederick (Princess Royal of England), the Duke of Edin burgh, the Duke of Connaught, Princess Christian, Princess Louise (Marchioness of Lome), and Princess Beatrice (Princess Henry of Battenberg). The salute also extends to tho eldest son of the Heir-Apparent, aud was accordingly1 fired on June 3rd for the Dnke of York. Formerly the salute was made also On April 25th and April 7th, in honour of the lato Princess Alice (Dnchess of Hesse) and the Duke of Albany (Prince Leo pold), but it, of course, ceased with their death. On the morn ing of each of- these annivers aries, an officer, called the Queen's Bombardier, has convey- ; ed fo the Park, not in Roval van, but in a "common or garden" wheelbarrow, twenty-ono small guns, which are somewhat pro fanely called '.pop guns." Each of those "formidable" weapons is about 14in. long and weighs about 61b. Taken from the barrow, they aire placed in a row in. the Long Walk, facing tho Queen's entrance to the Castle, and each having been duk charged wUh a blank charge, the feu dejoic takes place. The Bombardier has a long rod with a slit at one end, into which he inserts a fuse, and then lighting it with a match discharges tho guns one by one, refitting the wand each time with a fresh fuse. Tho performance occupies about ten minutes, commencing at half-past twelve, and is usually witnessed by a small crowd, largely composed of idle little boys, who, at each discharge, roll over in simulation - of having been shot. At the conclusion the officer walks off, leaving his henchman to collect and stow away the miniature cannon for tho next celebration. Such is .this im portant ceremony at Windsor, and although tho guns are power ful enough, and everyone re spects their significance, the function lacks impressivonoss and dignity to a degree almost of incongruity. . Tho "pop-guns" are of a spe cial make, and have to be renewed every few years, but the old ones aro carefully preserved. Thero is thus a large collection of them, and it is a very curious fact that among them aro some actually 200 and even 300 years old. Such is tho" respect paid to some old and worn-out servants of the Crown. The duties of the Bom bardier do not appear to be too arduous (only that he is a bit of a pluralist), and one wonders what would happen if he should on any of these anniversaries for get the date.v -One can imagine what would have been the result of such an oversight in tho days of Henry YIII but things have changed, since then. Besides the annivesaries, thero are special occasions when the guns are fired, the latest of tliese using July 6th, when the salute was made in honourjof tho mar riage of the Duke of York and Princess May. The connection between the Royal salute and the flag that floats over the Round Tower of Windsor Castle may not appear very close, but it is perhaps near enough for a brief reference. While the Queen is residing at the Castle the Royal Standard is hoisted to tha-summit of a lofty staff upon the high "tower; bni while Her Majesty is absent, if only for a day or a few hours, the Standard is replaced by the Union Jack. Prior fo last winter no flag was flown during the Queen's afAsenco, although tho custom now adopted was in vogue early in the cent ury; but through tho exertions, it is believed, of the Marquis of Lorne, Governor and Constable of the Castle, tho custom has now been revived, so that tho flagstaff is never left baro during tho hours of daylight Hoisting tho Union Jack thero, however, is not a mere arbitrary desire of the Queen, for every fortress in tho kingdom is en titled to fly tho "Jack," and Windsor Castlo ranks as a fort ress. The Standard is lowered immediately tho Queen leaves Windsor, and is run up on hor return directly she crosses the Thames and comes within tho limits of the borough. Hitherto tho Royal flag was displayed only for HorMajesty, but a now depart ure was made on November 9 th last when, by tho Queen's command, the Standard was hoisted in honour of tho Prince of Wale's birthday. The fair-weather flag is of im mense size, hut the stormy weather Standard is somewhat smaller and of stouter material. The same may be said of tho ''Jack." The raising and lowering and changing of these flags is in the charge of tho Queen's master gunner, and a very bus' time ho has of it occasionally. The flagstaff, by the way, is at least 3ft. thick at the base, tapering away slightly to the apax, and it is 170ft. high, rising from the Round Tower, which itself attains a great altitude above the Home Park. These Standards last about five years, and when discarded are sent to the Tower of London, where great care is taken of them. Here, again, used-up servants are provided with an idle and a com fortable future of indefinite length. Tit Bits. TO-NIGHT! WE WILL-fijg-BE THERE THE ARLINGTON Billiard 3?ai?lors Hotel Street, Honolulo. WILL OPEX THIS EVENING EVERYBODY WELCOME White & Hopkins, Proprietors. L. H. DEE, Jobber of Wines, Spirits anita HCOTiEX, ST., Between Fort and Bethel Streets. NATIONAL IRON WORKS, QrjEES Street, v Between Alakea it Richard Sts. THE UNDERSIGNED are prepared to make rll kinds of Iran Brass, Bronze, Zinc, Tin and Lead Castings. Also-a General Repair Shop for Steam Encines, Bice Milk. CoraJtills, Water Wheels, Wind Mitts, etc. Machines for the- Cleanic jj of Coffee, Castor Oils, Beass, Ramie, Sisal, Pinsajjple Leaves & other Fibrous Plants, And Paper Stock. Also Machines forAExtracting Starch from the itamoc,. Arnrsr Itoo t, etc. J3T All Orders promptly attended to. 'WHITE, RITMAN dl CO.