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The Life of Hie Land is Established j hi JZigkteottsness. HONOLULU, DEO. 17, 1893. A Constitutional Monarchy. The. Sandwich Islands nave in the geographical school-books "been described as possessing a -constitutional monarchy. By that term the civilized world understand a form of government nnder which the head is called sovereign, (Emperor, King, or Qneen as the cse may be), but under which the constitution and not tho sovereign is the ruler. The constitution is repre sented by the cabinet ministers, -who are responsible for their actions to the people as repre sented by men elected for the purpose of representation. Tho sovereign is virtually a a figurehead placed before a nation nt tho chpice of tho nation as tho embodiment 01 popular will and as tho outward repre sentative of that nation! The business is altogether in the hand of the Ministers and cannot bo taken out of their hands in countries having the most perfect constitutional laws except through the vote of the people s representatives "Wo were not led to make these gonoral remarks by reading the ossay in the Advertiser on French - history, but tho usual batch' of rumors lot loose every morning in this city have induced us to pass a few remarks retorring to our local affairs which may be bene ficial to our friends and to the lovalists and other citizens generally. A PI10P0SED C03IPK0MISE. It is claimed tuat certain in fluences are at work to secure a cabinet together with the restora tion of tho Queen which will be suitable to tho oyai people as well as to the rebels, who have paraded under the title of a "nrovisioual sovernment." The idba is absurd if tho pro moters of it can believe that the United States are going to help in furthering such a scheme. Any body understanding English who has read tho message of President Cleveland must realize that his intention is not to interfere in the absolutely domestic affairs of the Hawaiian Islands by making -cabinets forthe Queen, but his intention is to, make reparation .and redress for tho usurpation, licadol by John L. Stevens which ended in the temporary establishment of provisional government and in tho practical repeal of the constitution of 18S7. If tho United States ex press a regret for that usurpation it cannot possibly be through tho .means of a committing another "wrong and taking upon themselves another violation of the funda mental law of Hawaii nei, Any attempt to force upon the coun try a ministry appointed contrary to the constitution will be -the final disaster to Hawaiian independence. Tho restoration of Queen Lilmokalsni to which Cleveland is now in honor bouad jaaaas the restoration of the con stitution of Hawaii and the Qeea . I is simply a portion of that i - ? -1 i - con- SUlUUUU. BACK-STAIRS ADVISEES. Hawaii has known too many of breed described above. ' Thev come smilingly and softly. They sing their hymns and cast their snares under pretenses ot friendship and loyalty some times very much disguised. Let it be Onderstood once for all that the Hawriian nation has done for ever with such vermin. Legitimate and con- o stitutional government is what Hawaii wants, and let anyone op pose the nation in that just de mand, whether such opposition come from the high or the low, from those who are rebels, or those who believe in ruling right, by divine grace, the result will be equally disastrous. The American Government will make redress for the wrong done, in its name here to the Hawaiian People, and not to any individual or clique. SKITS. Mary Clement Leavitt says, that "those who would by their ballots restore the old wicked opium and lottery bills policy, should not bo allowed the use of them." She is probably in favor of snivggling. Perhaps Mary Clement Leavitt, will write a couple of columns on the history of the American In dians and their treatment. Mary Clement Leavitt is re quested to read an article in Thrum's Annual of 1893, headed "History of the Provisional ces sion of the Hawaiian Islands and their Restoration," she ma- learn something to her benefit. Does Mary Clement Leavitt not know, that on the 31st day of July 1843 the British restored to Kincr Kamehameha III. "a full restoration' of his rights, nrivileces and dominions?" If notshe had better read Hawai ian history. ' What in the deuce have the actions of William of Normandy, William of Orange or anybody else, 100 or 1,000 years or so ago got to do with the present Hawai ian situation? Ask Mary Clement Leavitt L. A. Thurston has the faculty of denying anything and every thing. It may be politic, but it sounds very much like downright lying. - A local correspondent thus photographs Mr. Charles Carter. Ho dresses like a dude, acts like a fool, and looks like an ass, but he still imagines himself a states man. Charlie Carter's diciunv of twenty-five paragraphs to Secre tary Gresham is concluded. It is an able ?) document What a pity the Secretary did not listen to him, or give him an opportu nity to sqe&k. The iact is Secretary Gresham knew &" great deal more of Hawa iian affairs from reliable sources. th&a be probably would have ascftrtaiaed from Charlie Carter, eo did net care to hear hm story. If Charlie Carter had remaiued longer in Washinton he iright have heard more truths regarding Hawaiian affairs than he ctcr knea, but which Secretary Gresham did know. ' The Star said the other even ing, that "The constitutional rights of United States citizens in these Islands are amply secured by the United States Constitu tion." So far as those rights of bona fide law-abiding United States citizens are concerned, that is correct. But filibusters, rebels, anti-Americans, arid revo lutionists do not come under that head, nor are they protected by the clauses refered to editorially bv the Star man. "Here, Ladies and Gentlemen' ' cried Stellar Smith the showman of the Great Provisional Circus "you see the great Hebrew dwarf , Frankie Hatch. He's the smallest man in tho world." "Its no such thing" retorts the diminutive Vice-President standing on tip toe. "I'm. the great Kew Hampshire Giant. 'Oh Gentlemen" observed th showman shaking his head com passionately "its a pity that a dwarf that is so perfect, in every respect, shouldn't have a better lot of brains." Give, the Calf More Rope. That fat headed boy commis sioner and that adolescent statesman Mr. Chas. L. Carter of Cartersville, inflates his bowels and dumps his mind upon the head of secretary Gresham, and then like, the famons little Jack Horner "says what a good boy am I" and this brings us face to face with the question whether wo could not corral a superior quantity of lunacy by turning loose the inmates of the Insane Asylum to make room for Mr. Carter. His present quarters are obviously inadequate to tho scope of his intellectual expansion. Our Visitors. The genial and popular man ager of the Concert Company which has delighted our musical world during the past fortnight, Mr. M. L. 2?. Plunkett is making hosts of friends, and in company with those talented artistes the Misses Albuj whoso career he is overseeing, is staying anongst us for a few weeks longer prior to departure, and enjoying the sports and scenes of Island life to carry away pleasant reminiscences and experiences of Island life untroubled by its political dis putes. Crab fishing, surf-riding, boating, etc. , have combined to to make them think our Island life something to look forward to, as a haven of enjoyment when artistic triumphs pall and man agerial successes have reaped that pecuniary harvest so well deserved, and so ungrudgingly bestowed on real merit Inquisitive: Who was the gentleman who paid a P. Gr. policeman five dol lars amidst the Flora and Fauna of Thomas Square ike other even- r ,ing?l POLICE XWS. The Dutchgo out, the Irish go in. ' . SPORTIXt? SETTS. The pheasants are having a rest Who the deuce shot Galbraith's chickens? He is Responsible. It-is now proper to remember that the Marshal is responsible for all the actions of his subor dinats, and that he can be reached through a damage suit. The Marshal's Pet. A Makawao Xclodr, as Sung: at the Seminary, For he's on the Police force now. Last Sunday he arrested a cow. The boys give him the laugh He said the cow had "licked" her calf And he's on the police force now! Distinguished Visitors. v Lieutenant TT. Sohne of tho Imperial Japanese navy who visits these Islands as a special correspondent of the ToJcio Jiy oushimbun and a member of the' Immigrant Association of Japan visited the Holomua office this morning in company with Mr. T. O. Sugawara of San Francisco. The latter gentleman has been here before and is much interest ed in the welfare and the obtain ing of civil rights for his country men in Hawaii nei. Both gen tlemen will probably depart by the next steamer for Japan, and there report the position of the Japanese in Hawaii under tho present circumstances to their friends and associates. An Enterprising Postmaster. The Postmaster in Lahaina is evidently not working for noth ing. One of our remarkable laws is that all Postmasters shall keep revenue stamps for sale and of course sell them at tho face value. We are informed by a gentleman recently returned from Lahaina that, revenue stamps there are quoted at $1.10 a piece. That man ought to be a cabinet minister. BAND CONCERT. The P. G. band, will give a concert at Emma Square this evening. Following is the pro gramme: Part L 1. Orerttire "Poet and Peasant".. ..Snpp 2. Piccolo Solo "Through The Air" - Damn Solo bj Mr. Ij. J5irsoSti. 3. Comet Soto "Palace Engler" . .. Weksenbcrn Solo by Mr. Charles Kreater. 4. Grand Selection "I Martin".. Donizetti Part IT. 5. Medley "Popalars Airs" Ksppev o. anz --jAiasnM aosgs"(ty request 7. Schettis&e "Sweet Siteeas" (bv request EaStastm 8. Marck "HighSshsoI Cadets' (by request) boss "Hawaii Porwi." A Queer Devil. "Good morn ing, Satan." said the imp. "How; are yon this morning?" "Miserable, Iaapy, dear." "What's the Hatter?' "Oh, I feel so good." The Bights of Hawaii. The letter of Secretary Greshara dealing with the status of affair" between this country and Hawaii, is one that will be read with inter eat by all who have followed the course of events since the annex ationists on the island asserted themselves and established a pro visional government which secured the hasty recognition of the United States. The state document which the Secretary has made public is a full and candid1 review of the case from its inception, and, if correct in its details, is certainty correct in the conclusion that the indepen dence of the Hawaiian government should be restored, and that with this performance of a plain duty in terference on the part of tie United States should cease. The fact that Minister Stevens exceeded his authority and committed . this government to an act of gross and cowardly injustice is positivelyas gerted, while the marines from the United States ship Boston gave aid,, comfort, and success, .to the revolu iunists under the prete use cf pro tecting the life and property of American citizens in Honolulu. This showing accounts for seve ral facta that were at the time of their occurrence a matter of gene ral discussion. It wili now be un derstood why the commisionera of the provisional government and the representatives of Queen Liliu okalani raced across the continentr each seeking to first gain the ear of Secretary Foster with the hope of securing favorable action on the part of the United States. It ex plains the hauling down of the American flag by Minister Blount when he reached Honolulu and there learned the true condition of affairs, but it does not make clear why Minister Stevens played the part of a usurper and made false representations to his government, afterwards admitting that they were false. Neither does it account for the undue haste with which the Harrison administration seized up on the opportunity for annexation and gave one of the most marked illustrations of jingoism in the whole historv of the nation. The assertions made by Secretary Gresham are amply backed by th correspondence, letters, dispatchts and verbal testimony upon which such assertions are made. They indicate beyond room for reason able doubt that Stovens acted with and for the annexationists. It was stipulated by him that if they would gain possession of the hall and read iheir proclamation, they should receive the recognition ,and protection of this government. They were not strong enough to stand alone and were opposing a large majority of the people in their revolutionary action. Thd co-operation of Stevens was their only hope and it was because of bis course, supported by the force from the Boston, that the queen yielded. It was an, unparalleled act of in justice on his part and placed this .nation in the humiliating attituda of using it3 superior power with the wanton cruelty oft tyrant. It WoS a shameless assertion of the doctrine that might makes right and it was a disgrace to hoist the' American flag which is the em blem of freedom, not of a people whoa great power is guided by greed of conquest or who are indif ferent to the rights of a sister gov ernment which this nation was the first to recognize. Simple justice calls for the restoration of the Ha waiian government as Ste vans- found it. Detroit Free Frest.