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In tlio Monitcur de la Kouvelh'
Caledonic of 5th April one of the
moat important announcements is
published, stating that in six years
will cense the convoys of convicts to
Now Caledonia ; that for tho four
years following tho convicts lesson
ing in numbers continually by deaths,
&c. will bo employed in finishing
the works already taken in hand for
tho good of tho colony, tho chief one
being 1100 kilometres of good roads
for vehicles, equal to 730 miles;
that at the end of tho term of 10
years tho remnant of tho convict-,
will bo removed to some other part of
tho world tin autre point du mons
dc). It is shown that by that time
7000 convicts then libcrcs yi
have to be provided for, necessitating
the command by the penal establish
ment of 110,000 hectares (275,000
acres) of land to bo given, as con
cessions, &c. Thus wo have tho
cessation of transportation to New
Caledonia foreshadowed. Further
in the same published "Decision
No. 304," arrangements nro made
for tho encouragement, of free im
migration to the colony, fi. M.
Most persons have heard some
thing of Chinese lotteries; few, I
believe, understand the principle o'f
tho game. It is no uncommon tiling
to hear it said, and thnt by persons
who profess to know, that tho' odds
in favour of the bank arc' millions,
nay, even billions.
Previous to nil calculation, this
seemed to mo highly improbable.
If it were true, we could hardly ex
pect to hear of a winupr once in a
life-time, nor would the most reck
less gambler bo' tempted to take part
in it. But what do we find? In
every town in Victoria, or the other
colonies, where there is a Chinese
population gathered together, the
game is in full swing seven, nights in
tho week. Nor is the play confined'
to the Chinese; Europeans too, I
regret to say, aro often; numbered
amongst its -most ardent devotees.
And whilst naturally? tho losers far
outnumber the winners, still smalll
sums are by no means infrequently
won, and tat rarer intervals1 comes
tho report' , of some lucky player
breaking the bank. ,
Eesultsi so different from what
should be, expected, were the odds
anything like what they are com
monly reported to be, aroused my
curiosity; to investigate 'the game,
"audits J. have never seenan account
of it in print, I thought the result of
my iuVestigatioij might 'not bo with
out interest' for youirpadcrs.
Tlio, purchaser of ai chance i'n'tjie
lottery receives' a ticket with 'the
numbers 'from 6ne to eighty inscri
bed hereon in Chinese characters ;
he marks any ,teji'Of these numbers
lie pleases (a' copy being kept by
tho bank for' identification), and
theiii with fm6re or'less hope, ac
cording to' his' temperament, awaits
thodrawing. ' ,' $, J
Tho drawing takes place in this
way: Eighty1 small ballots numbered
consecutively from one to eighty,
are mixed together, and twenty of
these selected ..by lot, from what is
called tho bank ticket. ., Should five
or more of ( the ten numbers jnarked
on tho purchased picket be found
among thp twenty constituting the
bank ticket," the holder wins, and
receives varying sums according to
the number, of 'hit$; if less than live,
And here may be noted that,
strange peculiarity of the Chinese
mind so unlike that of other' people.
With them gambling appears invested
with all theiputward signs of religi
ous worshiper The prostrations and
bowings andoburning of 8weet-swcll-ing
papers, that precede and accom
pany the ceremony of 1 drawing at
once amusoland'amazdtlie European
spectator. tnjust imagine tho very
clever gentlemen wild preside over
the tables "ht Monaco opening their
procecdingS'with prayer 1
To calculate tho chances it will be
necessary to 'ascertain," first, in how
many ways' the player may mark his
ticket, that1 is, into' how many com
binations of tens its eighty numbers
may bo arranged''' secondly, how
many of these ten's must contain five
or more of the twenty bank num
bers. Now by tho lnws of combination
it can bo shown, that 6f 80 numbers
taken, ten and ten at a time, the
total possible combinations amount
,tol,646,492,110l20; this then is
' tho number of ways in which n ticket
may bo marked.
Again, of tho twenty bank num
bers taken by fives, there may be
15,504 different sets, and of the
other CO numbers, also taken by
fives, there may bo 6,461,512 sets;
and as any one of tho first set com
bined with any one of the second
yields a favourable result, tho pro
duct of these numbers (which is
84, 675,282,048) gives tho number
of ways of winning five marks.
u.o at -rv
Hon. A. S.
Mr. A. JAegeh,
The Society's First Annual Agricultural and Horticultural Show
Will, by permission' of His Excellency tho Minister of Interior, be held on tho re-claimed ground) maukn of Halcknuilu street, on
TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY & THURSDAY,
JUNE 12tii, 13th and 14th.
Through tho liberality of tho Legislature the Board of Management arc in a position to put forward tho following oxtonsivo list of Prizes tiicy
will offer to bo competed for at this Show. Tho money values of tho different prizes and tho forms in which they will be given, will be announced
at a later date. In tho case of all tho more important classes tho Prizes will bo given in such a form as to bo worthy of preservation as mementoes
of tho event. - . . '
DIVISION l-r-XEAT CATTLE.
1 Best Imported Bull, Dnrhani
2 SccondBest Imported Bull, Durham
3 Best Imported Bull, Hereford'
4 Second Best Imported Bull, Herc-
5 Best Imported Bull, Angus
'6 Best Imported Bull, Jersey
7 Best Imported Bull of any other
8 Best Native Bull of any breed '
0 Best Durham Cow, full blood or
grade, native born
10 Best Hcicford Cow, full blood or
grade, native bohi
11 Best Angus Cow, full blood or grade,
12 Best Jersey Cow, full blood or grade,
13 Best Imported Cow of any breed
14 Best Native Cow of any bi eed
15 Best Yoke or Working Oxen, native
10 Best Fat Ox, over four years old,
17 Best Fat Steer, under four years old,
18 Second Best Fat Steer, under 4 years
old, native born
10 Best Milch Cow, imported or native
20 Second Best Milch Cow, imported
Division 2 HORSES.
1 Best Imported Stallion, for carriage
2 Second Best Imported Stallion, for
'3 Best Imported Stallion for draught
4 Second ,Bestj Imported Stallion for
5 Best Imported Stallion for saddle use
0 Second Best Imported Stallion for
7 BestNatlve Stallion, overyears old
8 Best Native Stallion, under 4 years
9 Best Imported Mare for carriage use
10 Best Imported Mare' for saddle use
11 Best Imported Marc for draught use
12 Best Mare and Foal, native
13 Second Best Mare and Foal, native
14 Best Gelding, native
15 Second Best Gelding, native
10 Best Filly, native
17 Second Bct Filly, native
18-Bcst Native Mule
10 Seupnd Best Native Mulo
20 Best Pair of Native Hoises
21 Best Pair of Native Draught Horses
Division 3 SHEEP.
1 Best Imported Bam, for wool
2 Second Bcstlmpoi ted Bam, for w ool
3 Best Imported Hani, for mutton
4 Second Best Imported Bam, for
5 lest Two Imported Eu es
0 Second Best Two Imported Ewes
7 Best Native Ram
8 Second Best Native Bam
9 Best Two Native Ewes
10 Best Three Native Fleeces
Division 4 SWINE.
1 Best Imported Boar
2 Second Best Imported Boar
3 Best Imported Sow
4 Second Best Imported Sow
5 Beht Native Sow
0 Second Best Native Sow
I Compared with tho total combina
tions, tins latter numuer is 111 tno
ratio of 1 to 19 nearly.
In the same way the twenty bank
numbers, taken by sixes, give 38,760
combinations, and the remaining
sixty, taken by fours give 487,635
combinations ; therefore, the product
of these numbers (which is 18,900,
732,600) shows the number of ways
in which six marks may be gained.
This is to tho total combinations in
the proportion of 1 to 87 nearly.
By making the calculations in each
case, and reducing the results to the
ratio of unity, wo find tlio chances
1 in 10 of gaining 5 marks
lin 87 " 0 "
lin 020 " 7 "
lin 7884 " 8 "
1 in 103,381 " 0 "
lin 8911,440 " 10 "
Tlio winning combinations added
together mnko in all 106,401,978,304,
a number beariug to tlio total com
binations the ratio of 1 to 15 nearly.
Ilcnco there is 0110 chance in fifteen
of winning some prize.
We have next to consider tlio
vnlucs of the prizes. Tlio just price
of a clianco in any lottery is found
by dividing the total vftluo of the
prizes by the number of blanks nnd
prb.es together. Thus If there bo
one hundred chances, and five
pounds be the value of- the prizes,
whether in one or several sums, the
fair price of a ticket should bo 0110
If on tliis principle wo multiply
the chances of winning from live to
ten marks by tlrcir respective values
(which we for a shilling; ticket ?e 4d,
PRESIDEITT : HIS rtvfE.A.TES'I'Tr TIKE 0KX31TQ-.
BOARD OF MANAGEMENT;
Clkoiiokk, His Honor Chief Justice
Dr. 11. McKioutx, Dr. G.
7 Best Litter of Pigs under ten months
old, hatlve '
8 Best Fat Pig, native
9 Second BcBt Fat Pig, natlvo
Note By "native" is meant an ani
mal born In this Kingdom, irrespective
1 Best White Leghorn; Rooster and 2
2 Best Browii Leghorn ; Rooster and 2
t 3 Best Black Spanish; Rooster and 2
4 Best Dominick; Rooster and 2 Hens
5 Best Three Domestic Geese
0 Best Pair Native Geese
7 Best Pair any other breed
8 Best Three Muscovy Ducks
0 Best Three Aylesbury Ducks
10 Best Three Canton Ducks
11 Best Three Tin keys
12 Best Thi ee Varieties of Pigeons '
Division 0 DOGS.
A show of thoroughbred dogs will he
oigaulzcd, and prizes will bej awarded
for deserving exhibits.
Division 7 DAIRY PRODUCE.
1 Best Firkin of Butter, 10 lbs or more
2 Second Best Firkin of Butter, 10 lbs
3 Best Pound of Butter, tho exhibitois
being house-keepers and making
their own butter
4 Second Best. " " '
Division 8 FISH.,
1 Finest Specimen Imported Fresh
2 Second Best Specimen Imported
Fresh Water Fish
Division 9 DOMESTIC MANU
FACTURES. 1 Best Variety of Mats
2r-Bcst Exhibit of Men's Hats
3 Best Exhibit of Women's Hats
4 Best Kapa ,
5 Best Exhibit of Calabashes made
from Hawaiian woods
0 Best Exhibit of Bowls of Wood and
7 Best Exhibit of Ornaments: Kukui,
Shell & others
8 Second Best Exhibit of Ornaments :
Kukui, Shell, & others
0 Best Exhibit of Artificial Flowers &
10 Best Exhibit of Carving on Wood or
11 Best Home Made Saddle
12 Bet Home Made Harness
Division 10 AGRICULTURAL
Class 1 Sugar Canes.
1 Bet Bundle of Sugar Cane
2 Second.Bcst Bundle of Sugar Cane
3 Laigcst Collection of Different va
rieties of Sugar Cane
4 Best single stick of Sugar Cane
Class 2 Forage Plants.
1 For the greatest variety of Forage
Plants, lcprcentiug fields of not
less than one acie
2 For the introduction of any useful
foieigii'plant proved to succeed in
any portion Of the Kingdom (speci
men plants to be exhibited at the
18s, 7 8s, 41 8s, 82 '16s, and
165 12s), we shall find the sunrto
be 1,132,310,546,784 shillings; and
dividing tuis by the total combina
tions the result is about 8d. Hence
8d is the fair price of the shilling
ticket, proving the odds to bo (neg
lecting the farthing) 3 to 2 in favour
of the bank. ,
I should observe that theso cal
culations arc based on the principle
of the game, assuming that every
prize won will be paid. But the
bank limits its losings at any one
drawing to 300, and puts no limit
to the sale of tickets. In this as
pect, the odds in the bank's favour
aro increased indefinitely, nnd their
calculation becomes an unlimited
problem. However, the case of its
losings exceeding the limit is of so
rare occurrence as need hardly bo
No one following this investiga
tion, I believe, can fall to admire
tlio wonderful command of figures
thnt must have been possessed by
tho original fraincrs of-tho game.
That they, with their clumsy system
of arithmetic, their imperfect nota
tion, without the powerful ftid, of
algebra, and dealing with suoh largo
quaimlics, siiuutu lUrive at such ac
curate results, is truly marvellous.
II, B., Castlemalno.
The question as to who is tho hand
somest woman in America is still in
dispute, but thousands of glrla buliovo
thnt if it?" wasn't for their freckles
they'd justly be entitled to that distinction,
Hon. H. A. Widkmann,.,
Juni, His Honor First Associato Justice
Tnoussiuu, Mr. A. W. Hush.
Mr. J. S. Webu,
Jtf' JfJKJLJtiiS :
Class 3 Other Products
1 Best Kalo
2 Second Best Kalo
3 Greatest NumberofVarletlcsof Kalo
4 Bcstexhlbltof RIeelu Ear, or Paddy
5 Best sample of Coffee 50 lbs
0 Best collection of Native Grown
Fibrous Plants '
7 Best Pumpkin
8 Bost Sweet Potatoes . .
0 Bast Irish Potatoes ,
Class 4 Products as Manufaetuicd
1 Best sample of Sugar
2 Second best ditto
3 Best sample of Rice
4 Second best ditto ,
5 Best exhibit of Flbi c from any na
tlvo or Intioduoed plant grown here
0 Best exhibit of any kind of Dried or
Preserved Fruit grown in this coun
try Class 1 Plants in Flower.
1 Best collection of Roses
2 Best half dozen' Roses
3 Best Rose, single plant
4 Best collection of Geraniums
5 Best half dozen Geraniums
0 Best Geranium, single plant
7 Best collection of Pinks
8 Best collection of Carnation
9 Best collection of Gladeoli
10 Best collection of Pansics
11 Best collection of Fuchsias
12 Best collection of Dahlias
13 Best collection of Begonias
Class 2 Useful and ornamental Tiees
and Plants (growing).
1 Best collection of Ferns
2 Best half dozen Ferns
3 Best Fern, single plant
4 Best collection of colored leaf Bego
nias 5 Best collection of Shrubs
0 Best collection of Crotons
7 Second bet collection of Crotons
8-Bcst collection of Iliblsci
9 Best collection of Graearnas
10 Best collection of Palms
11 Second best collection of Palms
12 Best collection of Foret Trees,
suitable for country
13 Best collection of Native Trees
14 Befet gcncial collection of Plants
Class 3 Cut Flowers.
1 Best Bouquet of Flow ers
2 Second best Bouquet of Flowers
3 Best collection of Roses
4 Best one Rose
5 Best exhibit of dried and pressed
0 Best exhibit of dried and pressed
Class 4 Fruits.
1 Best Bunch of Bananas
2 Largest collection of Bananas
3 Best Grapes
4 Best Pino Apples
5 Best Alligator Pears
0 Best Mangoes
7 Best Oranges
9 Best Peaches
10 Best Almonds
11 Best Figs
12 Best Guavas ,
13 Best Coeoanuts
14 -Best Bread Fruits
Indiahuuuek Oil. Dr. Beckert,
of Spandau, has patented in Germany
an indiarubber oil, which is intended
to serve ns a protective against rust.
According to the description pub
lished in the German technical press,
the rough oils obtained in the dry
distillation of brown coal, peat or
other bituminous substances ore sub
jected to a further distillation.
Thinly-rolled indiarubber, cut into
small strips, is saturated with a four
fold quantity of this oil, and islet
stand for eight days. This mass
thus composed is subjected to the
action of vulean oil or a similar liquid
until a homogeneous, clear substance
is formed. If this substance is ap
plied in as thin a layer as possible on a
metal surface, it forms, after slow
drying a kind of skin which insures
an absolute protection against atmos
A prominent politician of this city
has asked our professional opinion
of tlio political outlook for the spring
elections and now wo stand o w
mayoralty question, Wo fuel that
wo cnuUQt d,Q bettor in tho way of ex
plaining our exact status on this thril
ling and important matter than by
quoting our esteemed contemporary,
the Gozeta Polsfoa, CWoago, Tho
editor eaya j 9
palao orkiaowski o j oilmen pietrzo
e ogromnym osmiofilarowyra gan
kiem, uchodzil za jeden z uaipiek
nicjszycli j najwspaninlszych w calcm
sainborskiem. Zbudownuy rownoc
zesnio coopuszczong dwor zwirowskl,
doznal w ciagu czasu tylo rozmaitych
zmiau I iirzcesztalccn, nabyl tylo uas-
f . .
15 Best Lemons
10 Best Limes
17 Best Loquats
18 Best Vis
19 Best Chercmovas
20 Best Dates ;
21 Best Pomegranates '
22 Best Water Melons
23 Best Mush Melons . ,
24 Best Basket of Assorted Fruits ' '
Class 5 Vegetables.
1 Best Asparagus
2 Best Green Peas
3 Best Carrots '
4 Best Turnips
8 Best Cabbages
0 Best Cauliflowers
7 Best Pumpkins
8 Best Squash
0 Best Beans
10 Best Egg-plant
11 Best Radishes
12 Best Koherabis
13 Best Celery
14 Best assortment of Vegetables
Division 11 HORTICULTURE.
Division 12 AGRICULTURAL IM
PLEMENTS AND MACHINERY.
23 Best collection of Forest Trees,
suitable for the country
24--Best collection of Native Trees
Prizes will be given for tho best cxhi.
bits of Implements and Machinery
specially adapted to the Agricultural In
dustries of theso Islands, and to the pre
paratlon of our Agricultural products
for exportation, and especially for new
inventions of value in this department.
Awahds will also be made for merit
orious exhibits of articles which may not
be included in the above list; and all ex
hlbits that will he of Interest to tho
Agriculturalist, the Mill Owner, or the
Horticulturalist aro earnestly invited.
If in any case the judges shall decide
that tho exhibits In a Class aro not of
sufficient merit, no prize will be award
ed. The freight, to and fro, of animals
sent from the other Islands solely for tho
purpose of exhibition at tho Show will
bo refunded to tho exhibitor by tho
The following are tho Standing Committees
of the Society for the present year:
On Houses Hon. A. F. Judd, (Chair,
man); Hon. J. A. Cummins, and Messrs.
S. M. Damon, F. S. Pratt and C. Lucas.
On Neat Cattle Hon. W. H. Rico
and Messrs. J. W. Wright, Jas. Camp.
bell, B. F. Dillingham and M. Rose.
,On, Sheep Messrs. J.E.Barnard, F.
Sinclair and F. Spencer.
On Swine Messrs. Allan Herbert, C .
T. Gullck and Geo. N. Wilcox.
On Podlthy Messrs. R. F. Bicker
ton, Cecil Brown nnd W. R. Seal.
Daihy Pkoduce Dr. Whitney and
Messrs. Henry May and S. J. Levey.
On AonicuxTDnAL Implements
Messrs. W. W. Hall, J. B. Atherton and
H. R. Macfarlanc.
On HoKTicuLTunE Messrs. J. H.
Paty, F. A. Schacfer, C. 0. Berger, Rio.
menschueidcr, Kidwcll and F. L. Clarke.
By order of the Board,
J. . WEBB, Sec
tcpnycli o zbod i przydatkow, ze zup
eluio stracil cecho swegostarozytnego
poczatku przysweil sobie wszystkich
wymaganimajnowszego smaku i naj
Later, We find now that wo, nro
wrong nnd have been led unwittiugly
into a grave error. This is not at
all what he said on the subject, but
relates entirely to another matter,
something about the use and abuse
of narcotics, or diaraond-hilted cus
pidors, or something of that sort,
and has not the least reference to
politics. The moon-eyed lunatic
who does our dead and alive language
business was struggling with' a pe
riodical attack of dipsomauia at tho
time ho did tlio clipping, and has,
consequently, thrown us on to a sitlo
track. Wo learned all this ufter wo
had gone to press and tlio papers
were printed and folded. Hence wo
have only tinio to make this, slight
and ambiguous explanation. CM
"Your father must bo worth nt
least a million, nnd yon would ennblo
me to go through life, in a stylo I
could never hopo for without you.
I da wat lovo you, it is true, but
ane cannot expect everything. So
lot us marry. If vour fopr fniU I
can orawl out of itsomeli.,' She
"Very well 1 You- will nfeWr amount
to anything, but you arej'good enough
ns fnrns you go. l) have trifled
with so many men thatmost of them
hate mo, and I may not get a better
oner, it 1 do I can break the en
FTflS y -
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