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Ill Majesty tin- KitiK will hold n
veeeptlon nt lolnnl 1'al.icc m the even,
ill? of Monday, the 17th liit.'
Onvernnient OillrtiiN from .:'.) v. M.
to 8 v. M.
Diplomatic uml Con-nhir Coips from
S l'. m. loS.GO r. M.
Public from'ti.:;o v. m. to 10 p. t.
C. II. .111)1), II. M.'iChnmhcilalii.
Chamberlain's Olllio, )
latum Palace, November It), lb'SI. J
1 805 lw
ISTBIIOl & Co., 13AXTC12HS
llnnolulit, Hawaiian Island".
Draw Exchange on tin-
nnlc oL'Oulil'oruiu. S. V.
Ami their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M.Bolhsehlld&Son, London.
Tins Commercial Dank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial IJ.nik Co., or Sydney
Tin- Rank of New Zealand: AurUlnnd,
OlirlMchureh, and Wellington.
The Hank of ISriil-li Columbia, Vie.
torin, 15. ('. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Uankim: Business.
PlcJgoJ to neither Beet nor Party.
Bat eiUMWiol fir tUo IjjaeSt of nil.
WKPNF.SDAY, NOV. I-J, LSSi.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Oahu Lml;;o, No. I K. ofl'. 7 ::'.().
ltctlii'l Prayer Aleetiii'', at 7 :.').
Fort St. Church, Prayer Meeting
St. Andrew' Cathedral, iimiiiI
A FARMER'S VIEW.
'A Farmer," whose letter appears
elsewhere, treats of probably the
most important detail of administra
tion in the whole category of affair-.
Jf we are not to become :i nation of
very rich and very poor people, a
society of cultivated people and
barbarians, a community of Christ
ians and pagans, bis ideas will have
to be given proper and prompt con
sideration. Wc arc happy to again
bear testimony to tin right step
taken in this direction by the Legis
lature, led by Mr. Dole, in passing
the Act to facilitate the acquiring
and settlement of homesteads. A
step in the wrong direction would
have been taken bad the Government
bent to the hastily conceived will of
the planters to admit another irrup
tion of Chinese. The worst' misgiv
ing that could have been entertained
regarding the new homestead law
was that the. Chinese might take
advantage of its facilities for such
speculative manipulation as is des
cribed by our correspondent. There
is very little chance of conscience
holding its due place in transactions
between man and man to which
Chinese form one or both parties,
so that the Government and
the person sub-renting the laud
behind the Government's back
from the Chinaman taking out
a homestead title would both, in all
likelihood, be victimized, and the
country swindled. The policy in
augurated by "Mr. Dole will have to
be amplified and niagnilicd. All
lands now illegally or unjustly with
held from settlement must be res
tored to the nation, and the country
be placed in a position to invite civi
lized population from abroad to oc
1 cupy homesteads remaining after
present residents shall have been
settled. In the meantime no effort
should be spared to induce people
now in the country, of native and
foreign origin, to enter upon the
independent life of fanners owning
their farms. Such a policy with
respect to the soil should form one
(of the. most prominent parts of the
comprehensive national policy that
we have been urging upon the patrio
tic people of the country to formu
late and organize to carry out. Op
portunities to save tilt) country by
peaceful effort and orderly agita
tion are, wo fear, steadily drifting
away on the ceaseless current of
CHINESE RESTRICTION IN CALIFORNIA.
t The amended Chinese Hestriction
vAct is working very ineffectively in
San Francisco. Since the approval
of the Act, not much over half-a-
l.dozcn Chinese havo been deported
;,tp'China for its violation, although
10 1 Chinese pnspimgerft nn-ived frdin
China without the prescribed certifl-
cates during the mouth of October.
When the United Stales District
Court rose on October ill si, not to
hear Chinese habeas corpus casci
again before November Mlh, about
a hundred eases were pending In
cluding those of Chinese from China.
Canada, Mexico, Honolulu and
Panama ami sixty-four whoso cases
had not been heard, together with
thirty-four in whoso caes findings
were filed, were released on Chinese
bail, which experience lias proved
to be, us u rule, straw bail. Some
of the 1'Jl above mentioned have
been allowed to escape upon elect
ing to go to British Columbia,
whence, as is notorious, they can
get into the Tnited States by the
back-door. Others were landed up
on Chinese proof that they were
American-born. Before the Court
sits again, it is apprehended that
those out ou bail will make good use
of the opportunity to procure evi
dence they and their countrymen
being capable of swearing to any
thing that they are merchants or
former residents, or something that
will place them out of the scope of
If the law does not say, common
sense dictates that an action for da
mages should lie against those res
ponsible, in case of Injury from
building material even within the
bounds allowed on the street, if it
is left unguarded by day or unmark
ed with a light by night.
"The high liquor license in Michi
gan has had the effect of decreasing
the number of liquor dealers, beside-
largely increasing the rcvenuo
to the State. In I87f the tax under
a laxenfoicenicntof the law brought
into the Treasury a revenue of about
850,(100, while in 18811 the revenue
had risen to over S 1.000,000. though
in the meantime the number of
liquor dealers in the State has de
creased nearly 1,000, while the
population has largely increased."
The foregoing, from an American
paper, will give an idea of the folly
of our Legislature in throwing out
the high license amendments to the
liquor law at la-4 session. Besides
adding greatly to the revenue when
it mo-t needed it, the measure, as
introduced wouhl have done much
to suppress the cause of most of the
ciime and insanity that arc such
serious charges upon the treasury.
At the eleventh hour the Govern
ment invites contributions to a Ha
waiian exhibit at the New Orleans
Exposition. The Minister of For
eign Affairs expressed himself favor
ably in the Legislature to the King
dom occupying a corner in the big
show, so thaUhc deferring of definite
action until this date is made to look
stupid. It is a pity that the Govern
ment did not take the Planters' Com
pany into its confidence- when the
Into meeting gave such good oppor
tunity, as that organization could do
more than any other toward making
a creditable and appropriate display.
Had the planters known that an olli
cial representation of the country's
products was designed, we think
tlioy would have done more than
merely consent to sugar exports be
ing sent to represent their interests.
It is to be hoped that if a compre
hensive and appropriate exhibit can
not be got up, nothing will ho sent.
It certainly looked somewhat lishy
for the Advertiser to come out sud
denly so late us yesterday, and re
vive a project generally understood
to have been abandoned on account
of the low state of the treasury.
The llshiness is in no way reduced
by the rapid sequel of the olllcial
notice and a credible rumor 1hat the
editor of that paper is to be one of
the Exposition Commissioners,
THE REAL DRAWBACK.
Editou 1'n.i.r.TiN: You and your
contemporaries are sound in advo
cating diversity of agricultural pro
ducts, and it is to be hoped that
some good will follow; but both
you and they .seem to overlook en
tirely the main obstacle in the way
of what you advocate. It is not i
lack of land, nor (inadaptability of
tho land for producing other crops
than sugar, nor the scarcity of
labor, nor the want of a reachable
market, nor the disinclination of the
people to make a beginning. Somo
of llicso, causes, it is tritoi Inrty
operate prcjudlciallyi Uut neither
one of (hem, nor the whole put
together, constitutes the main dilll
ctilty. The great barrier to a begin
ning and subsequent progress is the
hujh price of (anil. Talk of immi
gration for populating and settling
the country 1 Talk of peasant fami
lies, willi small capital, coming here
and making permanent homes 1 11
is all nonsense, and betrays super
lative ignorance. What chances of
advancement, or even of making a
livelihood, have such people here?
Let those shallow theorists who talk
such bosh answer. A delightful
climate, enchanting scenery, lovely
moonshine, and perennial spring are
all very nice things in their way,
and add wonderfully to the bright
ness of existence, but serve poorly
for food and clothing. The prime
need of peasant families is cheap
land. This is what attracts that
class of people from Europe to
America, Australia, and other new
countries. How can they be ex
pected to come hero whore no such
attraction exists? There is unoccu
pied ahd untitled land enough in the
Kingdom to maintain in comfort our
present population many limes
doubled. Hut what practical farmer
is going to pay the price demanded
for purchase or rent, with tho
expectation of making a living by
cultivation? Just think of fifteen,
twenty, thirty, forty and oven sixty
dollars an acre foi a year's rent!
IS'o one but a Chinaman can pay it,
and pay the cost of living too. I
doubt if even Chinamen can con
tinue to pay such rents. In the past
they have been in the habit of taking
up lands at a high rental, putting in
a crop of rice, and then selling out
the lease to their countrymen, at an
advance. The second holders re
peat the operation ; the third like
wise. This is how tho Chinamen
have made money out of high-priced
land, nnd not from the actual pro
ducts of the soil. The " not trans
ferrablc" clause is no impediment
to a Chinaman : lie simply makes it
appear that he has placed his brother,
or uncle, or cousin, or some very
intimate "Hen" in charge, while he
himself takes a short sojourn in
China, for the sake of an aged
father who is near the point of death ;
hut in nine cases out of ten you
never see him back on that land
again : ho has made his pile by sell
ing out. Hut oven this kind of
thing has about reached its limit,
and unsophisticated buyers are be
coming scarce. Notwithstanding the
high price of rice there is mighty
little prolit in its cultivation to those
-who pay such enormous rents for
their land. Already many once san
guine cultivators have become bank
rupt and many others are now on
the verge of bankruptcy. How,
then, can a white man, whose habits
of life were, formed by Western civi
lization, be expected to succeed
under the same conditions? The
uncultivated lauds arc in the hands
of the Government and a few other
individuals, all of whom conspire to
keep them beyond the reach of decent
peasants of small means, and thereby
interpose a. barrier to the country's
progress and their own welfare. The
Government perform their part of
the compact by submitting Govern
ment lands to auction and knocking
them down to the highest bidder,
thus placing then; in the hands of
wealthy speculators, instead of al
lowing them to be taken up by in
dustrious peasants, at a nominal
rental, on the conditions of occu
pancy and improvement. This course
is made compulsory by an insane
Act of an Idiotic Legislature. The
land owners, by their extortionate
rents, give their tenants every in
ducement to crop, 1 lie. land to its
fullest capacity, take as much as
possible out of it, and leave it when
their leases expire in a condition of
sterility and wortlilcssness, without
a single permanent improvement.
Reasonable rents would sccuro ten
ants that would increaso the value
of the land, bring a stable revenue
to the Government, and add stabi
lity to the Kingdom. It will be time
enough to talk of settling a respecta
ble peasantry here from other lands,
when it can bo shown that they havo
a chanco of bettering their condition
Mit. Joseph "Wiseman has been
appointed Financial Scciclnry pro
tern, of tho Honolulu Itiflcs, vice
Mr, George Fnvsett resigned.
J. 1. OAT, JR. & GO'S.
Bin Just received per Mariposa,
Bxs Choice Apples
Atinoro's Mlncc Meat, (Jmnburrii-
lilltaker'a Ntnr Hum. Haeou.
Lnrd, Cnl. Cheese, Kits Mackerel,
Kits Salmon Bellies,
Kegs Family llcef, Kegs Pork,
Now Orleans Molasses,
Saloon Bread, Crackers, Potatoes.
Family Flo'ir, Wlicnt, Corn,
"Oat", Hrnn, Onion?, Sic, &c.
807 TELEPHONE 111). 2w
SKCON'IMIAND PIIALTON. Ad
ilreXat THIS OFFICE.
ANNUAL MKUT1XG of the
stockholders of Wililer's Steam
ship Co. (Limited), will be held tit the.
ofllcc of the Company on Monday, .No
vember 17, 1SI, lit !l o'clock a. m.
S. I). HOSK.
.Secretary Wildcr's S. S. Co.
Honolulu, Xov. 12, 1834. S07 4t
J. E. BFvOWH,
.Special attention given to Surveying
In Honolulu iiml vicinity.
ltrcortN scorched, and pl.uis showing
titles carefully prepared.
Office, Room No. 5, upstairs,
Campbell's Illock, Fort St.
JftSO. A. PALMER,
I'ollwtor, Itcal J'sinle,
jicni'rI Itiisiiit'NH Anient.
Onite In Campbell's Now Block,
815 If lioom No. 7, Up-Slairs.
A FEW CHOICE BUILDING LOTS,
also Besidcnee property on the
Plnbih at n bargain,
For Kent Several well furnished
rooms, In private famllius gool locu
tion. Pleasant t coins for two gentle,
men, with privilege of keeping 2 horses
in paddock. '
IS PUEPABEI) to givo instruction In
VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL
Ml'SIC, at her residence, Kukui street.
MR. W. C. PARKE
HAS AN OFFICE over Bishop & Co.'s
Bunk, and will he huppy to attend
to any lmliies entrusted to ills cine.
ACHA-SEA VENDA nos armazeiis
de Macfarkuic & Co. jiuicto no
Banco, ulna conslgimeao do ningnltleo
Vinlio de niezii cbegailo de Portugal no
vapor "Bordeaux." Val ehegaudo o
Natal. Approveltcm a ocealao.
SC2 '2w MACFARLANE & CO.
''piIE undersigned, who has inado nr
JL rangunients for opening n Portu.
gueso School, will also gho lessons in
that language to foreigners understand
ing French. For particular.! npply to
M. A. Ootifidves it Co., 57 Hotel st.
85!) If .1. A. M. OSOBIO.
70B GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
to MRS. TURNER. S3 Kins Street,
neany opposite the iiulsor Kestaurnnt,
(i!)0 ly b
A SMALL COTTAGE AT LELEO.
Apply to T. AW BAWLINS,
SHI if Soap -Works
SUIT OF FRONT BOOMS, nicely
x. furnished. Apply nt No. 8 Kukul
OIWICK TO liKT.
ONE SIDE of .1. E. Wiseman's beau,
tlful oillco to rent, with tine ofilco
furniture, chandeliers, consultation
room, use of telephone, Ac. To a suit
nble party reasonable teims will bo
given. Apply to
.1. E. WISEMAN,
General Business Agent, Campbell's
815 tf Block, Merchant st.
FOR SALE. '
CATTLE & HORSES.
ABOUT 150 HEAD OF CATTLE,
ALL ages nnd sizes, and Including
Milking Cows, Calves, Heifers nnd
Steers. Will sell in lots to suit Intend
ing purchasers, but prefers to sell nil In
ono lot. Also several good horeos. Ap
ply to MRS. UOSTA,
blia If Kiillhl Valloy.
NOTICE OP II 13310 VAL.
OKWNOS'S EXPRESS has removed
to No. 81 King street, directly op
posite the old stand. All orders prompt
ly attended to at reasonable rates. Tele
phone No. 80. 857 1m
. J :..u;iL.All'.t .'jt. -.. . ..1 - , g JMiiMitfkJrt ilunfiilfcWillfilini'll'aiffllTliP .-
J. E. WISEMAN'S
Ready for Active Work Again.
''I'MIK Business Community nnd my
X Putrona generally throughout the
Klumls will please take notice Hint I
tho patronage heretofore extended to
modutlng my business engagement In
the Kingdom for the past llvo yearn.
In addition to my various depart,
incuts, I have been nppolnlcd Kile Agent
for the St. Jo it llannllial nnd the Bur
lington and Qulncy Ball Bonds', also,
soliciting Agent for tho San Frmic-hco
iiiuiiiinniuig umi Adveiiiteincnt uoin- .
imriy. Orders for OoctU, Wares nnd
McrclinudUc of every kind and uiiluie j
sent to the Const, and satisfaction
guaranteed nnd ou the most renonnblc i
In my Heal Estate Department, I liae
nhvavs on hand choice property to sell
nnd ilousco, Booms and Olllces to lease
nnd let. I collect lent?, pay nnd dis
charge tuxc, Insurance nnd order neces
sary repaiis when required, Landlords
nnd Owners will tlnd Hint It will he to
their advantage to place their Bcnl Es
tate interests in my hands, nt I will
carefully attend to this branch of my
business to their entile sattsfuctiuii.
Custom House Entries executed nt
Books and Accounts kept and niljusl
ed, and Quarterly Bills distributed and
collected accurately and promptly.
Soliciting Agent for the Mutual Life
Insurance Co. of New York, .also Fire
Don't forget thnt I do business on
business principle?. Giro me a call.
T. IS. WISEMAN,
The only recognized General Business
Agent in the Kingdom.
Olllces, 28 Merchant Street, Campbell's
Fire Proof Block, Honolulu.
P. O. Box 310 ...Telephone 172.
Fortune fie !
A Consignment of
Just to band ex Bordeaux,
fin Wood and Bottle
Just the thing for this Climate.
Fou Sam: nv
G. W. Macfarlane & Co.
W. H. PAGE,
HONOLULU CARRIAGE MAHUFACTORV
N03. 128 and 130 FORT STREET
(opposite Pantheon Stables)
HONOLULU, 11. I.
The Manufactory contains a complete
Carriage Shop, Blacksmith Shop, Paint
Shop, and Trimming Shop.
DRAYS AND TRUCKS,
HAND CARTS, &C, &C.
!Mado to Order on most favorable terms
and all work guaranteed.
The 'luNi'Ht Attention given to re
pair work of lilt UIiiiIk.
Hnvlng been In business on the Island
for a number of years employing none
but the most Skillful of Mechanics, and
using only Al Mntcrinl, I can strictly
guarnntec nil wont leaving my Manu
factory. Givo me a call before purchasing
Don't forget the place.
128 and ISO FORT STREET.
oi'i-osrri: noun's staiim:s.
W. H. Page,
GUI Urn PROPRIETOR.
J. RA.OATJr. &Co.
Dealers In nil kinds of
The Latest Foreign Papers nlwnys on
hand at tho Gazette Jiocl-, Merchant
For Froieht or Charter.
Apply nt tho
844 lm Pacific N,avioatio.n Co.
i SPECIAL NOTICE.
rpiIE Undesigned Ptopiletcr of the
PIONEER STEAK CAM PACTORV
desires to Inform his patrons nnd the pub
lie generally thut notwithstanding the
recent DISASTBOL'S FIBE, ling elected
A NEW FACTORY and BAKERY,
Enrlv Arilviil of new .Machinery anil
Tools; nnd Is now ngiiln prepnied to
CHOICEST PURE CANDIES
and will always have on hand Ids deli
clous Fresh Mnde
VANILLA CHOCOLATE CEEAI.U, ,
RICH NUQATIN BARS,
SUGAR ROASTED ALMONDS,
CREAM CANDIES of great variety OFT
Gum Drops, and Gum Fruit
Of nil descriptions. All those Home
Mnde Fresh nnd Pure Confections, 1 tell
at 00 cents PER POUND.
RICH WEDDING CAKE
Of the Finest Flavor, in all sizes always
ou hand nnd ornamented in the
most artistic style.
always fresh, ns also
Home Made Mince Meat
for siile nt CO cents per pound.
Will receive per Con.suclo the balance
of my new machinery of the newest de.
signs for innnufncturing nil descriptions
of plain Candles; tlmnkiiig the public
for previous liberal patronage and so
Belting a continuance of same.
Practical Confectioner and Pastry Cook.
THK ouj stand. 71 Hotel street
P. O. Box No. 75;. . . ..Telephone No. 74
WENNER & CO.
OS I'OItT NTICIHIT,
Have on hand New Foreign nnd Home
Watches, Bracolets, Necklots,
Pins, Lookets, Clocks,
And Ornaments of nil kinds.
Silver and Gold Plato.
Elegant Solid Silver Tea Set3
Suitable for Presentation.
Kiisravini; nntl Xntlve Jewelry
Repairing In all its branches.
EST" Sole Agents for King's Eye Proservors.
THE WINDSOR RESTAURANT,
H. Cavcnagh, Proprietor.
3I1'AL,S 4&sMfo MKAXS
Cook'dtoord'rSISAt nil hours.
Oysters, Celery, Salmon, and Fruit
Becclved by every steamer. 001
The Best Lunch in Town,
Tea and Coffee at All Hours
The finest Brands of Cigars and
Tobacco, always ou liand.
AT T1IU I'AUK
IS OPEN EVEEY DAY.
EETTlie only sen.side resort in the
Kingdom. II..I. XOLTE,
(Successor to C. P. Ward.)
All orders for cartage promptly at.
tended to, at the lowest rates. AUo for
White nnit Illnelc Hnnil
ill quantities to suit, nt lowest prices.
WJAVA WOOD CHARCOAL, in nny
JT qunutity, from 1 to 100 bugs,
FOR SALE BY
GEO. E. SHERMAN.
No. 8 Maunakiia St.
Trees and Saddles of all kinds mndo to
order and repairing Harness, etc., done
in short notice. All orders promptly nt
tended to. C03 ly
PAPER-BULER nnd BLAXICBOOK
Book Binding of nil description neatly
and promptly executed.
Gazette Building . . Merchant street
. &&& S: d&&4& Fyjfj&toimklM '. .wJitiMfr4..
I vktt W. &' -i-1 jl.-.itWll',J-Rkl