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"BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on tho
JBmilc of California, S. IT.
"yt Ana their agents in
'NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONQ KONG.
M ' Messrs. N. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Bauk Co., of Sydney,
Tho Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Chrlstchurch, and Wellington.
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
torla, B. 0. and Portland, Or.
Transact n General Banking Business.
. CGI) ly '
ft $M aiHic;tiiu
Fledgod to neither Boot nor Party.
But eatabllsbed for tho lonofit of all.
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 12, 188,').
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Yosemitc Skating Kink 7.
Central Park Skating Rink, 7.
Oahu Lodge, No. 1 K. of P. 7:30.
THE GOVERNMENT AND CONTRACT
As remarked in yesturday'b issue,
the declaration of policy henceforth
to be pursued regarding contract
laborers, just issued by the Minister
of the Interior, is one of the most
important state deliverances eyer
promulgated in this kingdom. In
prefatory paragraphs His Exccllenc'
gives full recognition of the strong
public opinion that has been elicited
in favor of settling Portuguese,
. Japanese and other agricultural
laborers in the country ; makes state
ment of arrangements now perfected
with that object in view, and sup
ports the proposition that, "Pecu
liarities of race require considera
tion," by citing the teachableness
of the Japanese in conjunction with
their acute sensibility to anything
short of kind and just treatment,
lie then points out that the under
standing with the Japanese Govern
ment is that, according to the
original contracts, the immigrants
are under the immediate guardian
ship of the Government, and that
their emplojrers arc agents of the
Government by virtue of the con-
tracts. This definition, he says,
applies equally to the cases of Portu
guese and all other laborers serving
under contracts to which the Board
' of Immigration is a party.
Therefore the Government as
'sumes the duty of "enquiring into,
and endeavoring to settle in an
amicable manner, all complaints and
differences that may arise between
tho actual employer and the laborer."
To this end there arc to be estab
lished, under the Board of Immi
gration, Special Commissions of
Inspection, respectively, of Japa
nese and Portuguese laborers, under
the direction of an Ipspcctor-Gencral
taking orders from the Board of
Immigration. Incidentally it is
mentioned that Mr. Nakayama,
Japanese agent, is at present the
chief of the commission for his
countrymen. Employer and laborer
are to prefer any complaints one
may have against the other to the
commission. The twofold aim of
this is to obviate oflicial complaints
on the part of foreign representa
tives, and to have disputes between
the two parties settled without re
ference to the courts of law. "It
is indeed fully understood," so the
declaration sets forth, that employ
ers of Immigrants brought here by
tho Government being the latter's
agents, "arrests for breach of service
contracts arc not to be made without
tho concurrence of the Board of
Immigration." The Government
expresses confidence that the action
,'0f the commissions of inspection
I will render Mich arrests unnecessary.
Finally, the Government gives
, fair and square notice to all cm
' ploycrs "that blows or other violence
used against a contract laborer, cx
1 cept in absolute self-defense, will be
deemed Milllcicnt ground for tho
withdrawal of tho assignment made
to them of any person so dealt with.
The document then concludes by
relegating the main responsibility
fnv tlm Liiinnec ff 41ir ,m.. ...... .
'i, monts to the employers. Only their
details arc now, it is stated, their
. spirit being embodied in tho laws
' and settled polity of .tho Hawaiian
In view of this new departure of
. policy by the Government, it will
,not now bo denied, as was attempted
to lie done a few days ago by our
i .1 t JSH
morning contemporary,, that tho
origin of tho visit of a special Japa
nese Commissioner to this country
was reports that had gone home of
improper usage of Japanese laborers
upon our plantations. The firm
stand taken by the Japanese Gov
ernment for the redemption of the
fair promises, under which its peo
ple left their homes for employment
hero, gives promise of proving to
have been the occasion for the Ha
waiian Government ridding this na
tion of a reproach that, throughout
tho history of its contract labor
system, has been but ill-concealed
from the outside world. If the
Government is sincerely iu earnest
and we have no specific reason
for doubting such to be the case
there is ground for hoping that the
time is approaching when the labor
that is producing this country's
wealth shall be raised to an honora
ble status. So honorable, indeed,,
that it will attract to our plantations
classes of laborers w ho, at the ex
piration of longer or shorter periods
of scrviccwill bo ready to occupy
the homesteads into which the pub
lic lands of the kingdom arc being
divided. Labor being placed upon,
such a footing, and the public lands)
so settled, it is not too much to ex-
poet that the natural increase of the
settlers should ultimately obviate
the necessity of labor being imported
in shiploads from abroad. Further,
under circumstances as described,
the welfare of the country, it may(
be anticipated, need not be depen
dent upoii'cithcr a return and con
tinuance of the piping times of high
priced sugar, or the full success of
the diversified products now so as
siduously advocated. We know that
sugar culture is eminently adapted
to our soil and climate. Its profits
when prices arc moderately good
should afford a very fair return to
culturists on an independent basis
and a small scale, under a system
of co-operative manufacture and
marketing. Why, then, with free
and independent sugar-culturists
upon small holdings replacing, to a
greater or less extent, the bond
servants now cultivating large plan
tations, should not this country
continue to be one of the leading
sugar countries of the world? Gov
ernment could as easily provide the
necessary aids of irrigation and
general improvements as it now
operates the elaborate machinery of
Complaint is made of baseball
practice becoming common on the
streets, to the annoyance and danger
of the public. The authorities should
not permit such a nuisance, and
piivatc persons ought to report spe
cific cases to be made examples of,
if the offenders do not take warning
by this public mention and desist.
New York lost $123,790 from fires
caused by fireworks on the Fourth
of July. No one can estimate the
annoyance of the twenty-four hours'
fusillade, racking the ear with harsh
sounds and torturing the nose with
faiilphuric vapor. Still, where arc
the civic authorities equal to the
task of preventing patriotism from
finding vent in such dangerous and
A correspondent gives a calm and
forcible review of the opium ques
tion. Our morning contemporary's
citation of probably tho most in
defensible piece of British policy in
this ago, as a proper example to
follow, shows how weak is tho posi
tion of the advocates of a legalized
opium traffic in this kingdom. Tho
Advertiser would' better serve its
country by contending for tho adop
tion by Hawaii of those principles
of British liberty of which this
kingdom bland? in obvious and even
THE OPIUM QUESTION.
Editoii Bulletin : Tho opium
question is one in which everybody
concerned for tho wclfaie of this
country must 1'ecl more or less inter
est; for it is an established fact
which rcquiics no additional proof
that the use of the drug is decidedly
and diicctly demoralizing. Here, I
take it, there is no room for two
opinions: all aio agreed. To put it
on a par with the liquor question is
manifestly wrong. The immoderate
use of intoxicants is certainly an
evil, which all rcspectablo people ad
mit; but very many respectable
people neither feel nor believe their
moderate use to be hurtful to body,
ralnd, or moinls. Very many ros-.
pcctablc people, too, use them all
through life, without becoming on-
slaved by them, without making (
beasts of thomscUcs, and without
any visible injurious results. The
same cannot be said of opium. No
one, I believe, can use it any length
of time, even in the most modcrato
quantities, without becoming its
slave and the victim of its pernici
ousness. I havo personally known
many opium smokers and eaters
among white people, and each one
has cursed tho day that he was in
duced to try the drug, and de
clared his utter inability to refrain
from its use when possible to pio
cuic it. Neither have I met an in
telligent man, not an opium user,
with any knowledge of the subject,
unwilling to admit that it is an evil.
But I have found, and do find, right
here in Honolulu, an honest differ
ence of opinion ns to whether it is
an evil that should be prohibited by
law or controlled by license. All the
arguments and reasonings I hnve
hitherto heard or seen in favor of
licensing seem to me extremely weak
and superficial. I havo endeavored
to follow tho Advertiser's lino of
advocacy with an unbiased mind,
but really have found nothing but a
repetition of old stcicotyped aigu
ments that I believed exploded over
twenty years ago. In its last utter
ance, which, by the way, is com
mendable for its calmness and
moderation, is the following:
"Anything this Kingdom may say
or do, by its Legislature, will not
stop the production of opium and
its handling as an article of mer
chandise." True, but I sec no
reason why this Kingdom should not
be able to stop "its handling as an
article of merchandise" within its
own borders, any more than I can
perceive that the prohibitory law on
the statute book is necessarily
"practically inoperative." Indeed
I am of opinion that with an efficient
police force, invested with full
authoiity and protected as thej'
ought to be in the discharge of their
duty, the prohibitory law on the
statute book could be made thor
oughly operative. That it "en
courages and incites to smuggling"
is admitted. So docs putting a duty
on any article of impoitation en
courage and incite to the same
thing. A 100,000 license is another
form of import duty, and those not
holding that license will be encour
aged and incited to smuggle.
Formerly, when tho drug was
licensed here, a large amount of
smuggling was done and large sums
of money amassed thereby, if the
testimony of the smuggleis be en
titled to credence. When the Adver
tiser, in rcfeiencc to the licensing
days of the past, asserts that the
"Treasury was benefited by the
opium trade, and there was nothing
in it for outsidcrs,"it shows ignorance
of what it talks about. The Treas
ury and those holding the licenses
were not the only paities who made
money out of the trade. A Ciiina
mau who was a license holder onco
told me that his profits were con
siderably less thau they otherwise
would have been on account of so
many of his countrymen, without
paying for a license, impoi ting and
selling the drug. A Chinaman whom
I knew somewhat intimately and for
whom I had prepared business docu
ments, on leaving the country, came
to me for advice respecting the best
method of carrying with him $15,
000. I expressed surprise that he
should havo accumulated so much
money in an insignificant little dry
goods business in less than three
years. John replied that as I was
his good friend and he was sure
would do him no harm he did not
mind telling mo that he made it by
opium smuggling, and that- many of
his countrymen had done even better
than he. Now, this was in the
licensing days, when the Advertiser
says "there was nothing in it for
outsiders." It puzzles me how any
ono can hold that a revenue ''may
be legitimately secured by the Gov
ernment" licensing a traffic wbicli is
certainly and invariably degrading,
demoralizing, and destructive to tho
people. Better be without a reve
nue than a revenue secured in this
way. Better bo without "bridges
on Kauai and,Hayaii, and roads on
Oahu and tho other islands," if they
cannot be had without licensing a
traffic calculated to work immeasur
able mischief to the people whoso
preservation is tho first duty of the
Government. This brings up the
question, What effect has prohibi
ten had on tho natives? Dining
the licensing days scores of natives
acquired the opium habit, and scores
of others were fast falling into line,
among my own personal acquaint
ances. Some of them at different
times came to me to ask if I could
do something to cure them of tho
appetite. When told that I could do
nothing, they havo eat and wept like
children, and declared that they
could not possibly abstain from its
use as long as tho drug was within
their reach. Tho prohibitory law
placed it beyond their leach, One
of them told mo that he can led $10
in his pocket for sis weeks, seeking
night and day for an oppoitunity to
iuvest it in a smoke, and although
he know of several Chinamou who
had opium in possession he failed to
procure one bit. Gradually he got
over tho longing, and has aihco
lived an industrious life, n, blessing
to his family and a worthy citizeu.
Of tho scores befoio alluded to,
some arc dead and gone, others
havo scattered around and I know
nothing of their whereabouts, but
about a dozen of them reside in and
near Honolulu, not one of whom is
now an opium smoker or an opium
enter. One point more, and 1 have
ended. The Advertiser's citation
of British example is like saying
"Because a very respectable and
much respecicd gentleman cut off
the head of a poor innocent fellow,
there can't be much harm in my
cutting off another innocent fellow's
head." Besides, great minds have
arisen in Great Britain and other
paits of the world who have not
scrupled to pionouncc England's
part in the China opium trade the
blackest and foulest page in all
British history ; among whom might
be mentioned Lord Cairns, Cardinal
Manning, John Bright, and innumer
able others. It may be true that
the English people are eminently
practical, and the brotherhood and
sisterhood of 'cranks' find scant
courtesy at the hands eitherof Par
liament or press in the United King
dom;" but let not the Advertiser
forget that the docti ine of bi-mctal-ism
finds scant courtesy at tho hands
of the people, parliament, and press
of the United Kingdom, a doctrine
strenuously advocated by the P. C. A .
E rMtf & C0.'S
Great Credit Sale
WII.T. BIS CONTINUK11
THURSDAY, AUGUST 13th,
AT 10 O'CLOCK A. M.,
"When the mo3t valuable goods will be
offered, such as
ETC., ETC., ETC.
E..P. ADAMS, Anct'r.
A Fine Assorlent
Japanese Goods !
Will he on view in the rooms above
On Iovt Street,
ON AND AFTER
Weflnesdar, Angnst 12th,
roNsrsriMi in taut or
Japanese Curios !
Mies' Dressing: Gowns,
Elegant Tea Sets,
ETC., ETC., ETC.
All of which articles will be sold at
reasonable prices. Terms Cash.
Nos. 61, 63 and
We wish to announce the airival of our new Shimmer Stools in our
which is the most complete in this city.
ifcS1 Feathers Cleaned and Curled.51
Native Straw Sewed iu all the Styles of Hats.
500 piccos of Dress Lawns at very Low Prices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Satins & Buntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in lorge varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries.
Ladies', Misses', Children's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS ! BOYS' WAISTS !
Youths', Bo3's' and Children's Clothing a specialty.
BSTNEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT, a
&&' Call and be Convinced, -'a
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
Pacific Hardware Company
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L NOTT-SJ
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise-
Just received Eddy's Rclrigcralors and Ice Chests, now styles of Chandeliers
nud Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
B2T 3P.AJr.IHB ANKS' AJVD HOWE'S SCAJLiJES. - ,
All of which arc offered upon favoiablo terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
ITT, lo. 8 admin Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,"
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, 1TIN, COPPER AND
993 SHEET IRON WORK.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
Tho Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Island.
EST-AJBIjTSnEO 1 870.
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Building, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
r. O. Box 315 it:: Tolophono 179, , j
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and sells Real Ebtato in all parts of the King
dom. Rents Ofllccs, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
lstsaud tlio Traveling Public will apply to mo for Tickets and Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK Tho Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind In the
AGENT FOR THE a HEAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
Tills Route ccols all oilier loutes golnij Eist, the i-cenory being the grandoit,
tho meals tho choicest and tho Palace iiiul Dining Cars tho'handsomest and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all tetklug work In tho vari
ous brauchei of industry on tho Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANOE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney,
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on first-class securitiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT-Logal Papers of every description (lww n. Bills
Distributed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insuiaiico on Properly looked after.
Copying and Engiosslng done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and accurately
attended t. '
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU Companies abroad
will conespond with mo for terms, etc. Orders for Islund Shells, Curios, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwarded to all parts
of tho World. '
EST" Information appertaining to tho Islands given and all correspondence faith.
JOSEPH fi. WISEHAN,
873 General Butlnew Agent, Honolulu Hiwallun lilandi.
65 Fort Street,
X, Ji .
"v I- $. , l .1, '"af"' "V :"jfr'.J. &.& i ' -uit K ."-V .' - :
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