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Water ! Water t
Owing lo ii scarcity of water in
Mnkiki Reservoir, nil poisons whohnvc
water privileges from that reservoir arc
hereby notified that the water from that
souice will bo riiut off every day from
(1:1)0 I'.M. to 5:30 a.m., from date until
futthor notice. Per order,
C. 1). WILSON,
Superintendent Water Works.
Honolulu, Oct. SI, 18S5 15!) lw
BISHOP & (Jo., BANKEltS
Honolulu, tluwuHnu Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
lSuulc of CulU'oirulu, S. JP.
Ami their agents in
NEW YORK. BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. 51. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The- Rank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Clivlstchurch, and Wellington.
Tho Rank of British Columbh, Vic
toria, H. 0. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Ranking Business.
Pledgod to neither Sect nor Party,
But cstabllshsil for the lenefit of .ill.
TUESDAY, OCT. -27, 1885.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Yobcmilc Skating Kink 7.
Central Park Skating Rink, 7.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F.. 7:fS0.
Honolulu Rifles, 7:30.
A PROFESSIONAL VINDICATION AND
A NATIONAL SERVICE.
Dr. Geo. L. Fitch, of Honolulu,
has contributed an article of nine
teen pages to the Pacific Medical
and Surgical Journal and Western
Lancet (ollicial organ of the Cali
fornia Slate Medical Society), on
the subject of "Leprosy." The
treatise is in reply to a paper on
"Hawaiian Leprosy," by Dr. A.
W. Saxe, in which " the physicians
of the Hawaiian Islands, long resi
dent and of first-class abilities and
attainments," arc represented as
being "nearly unanimous" in the
opinion that " leprosy is a distinct
and separate entity ; ; that it
is contagious; that the mode of
contagion is peculiar and unlike that
of any other of the contagious dis
eases." A general newspaper is not the
place to follow or lead a discussion
.of the nature of that one entered
upon bjT Dr. Fitch. Still, it is in
place here, and no more than an act
of justice toward that gentleman,
to show tell of he has done in this
contribution to medical literature.
Justice toward him, wc say, because
.few men have been subjected to
more obloquy and injury on account
of independent opinions than Dr.
Fitch has suffered for his theories
regarding the curse of leprosy, that
fornis such a hideous blotch on
the reputation of these islands.
Moreover, it is an act of justice to
this nation to set forth the grounds
upon which Dr. Fitcli holds leprosy
to be not contagious, for an incal
culable amount of injury lias un
doubtedly accrued to the islands
from the use that has been made,
for particular and not praiseworthy
purposes, both here and abroad, of
the worldwide, popular notion held
as infallible doctrine most strongly
by people least in a position to
know anything about the matter
that leprosy is about the most con
tagious disease to which human flesh
' has ever fallen heir.
Regarding the unanimity of medi-
') cal opinion hero as to the conta
giousness of the disease, Dr. Fitch
quotes from the Philadelphia Mcdi-
, cat JJulletiii a report of a case
of leprosy in that city by one
'UDr. Shoemaker, as follows: "The
patient was sent from Honolulu to
Professor Gross, by Drs. llagen and
Trousseau, gentlemen who arc well
' known on tho Sandwich Islands as
expert practitioners of medicine.
, The letter of introduction and the
description of the patient's condition
T stated that they believed tho case in
question to be ono of leprosy ; and,
as they regarded it non-contagious,
they had advised a trip to the States
, for a change and benefit to his
general health, and wished him at
'the same time to have the best
medical advice that this country
The bulk of Dr. Fitch's treatise
consists of citations of cases of the
most intimate and persistent contact
with lepers in domestic life of
different grades, in lawful and un
lawful relations, in medical prac
tice all without any result to prove
the disease contagious. There are
several cases of inoculation with the
leprosy virus, including three Hono
lulu doctors, one of them the author,
these by accident, and the case of
Kcanu tho murderer, reprieved from
the gallows to be inoculated with
leprosy in the interest of science
and humanity; but it has so far
proved that the disease is not com
municable even by inoculation. Out
of twenty-six children, born in the
leper settlement of Kalawao, all of
leprous parents, one or both, and
never out of leprous society in their
lives, only two were lepers. The
case of a leper employed as awa
chewer for a certain prince for years
while a leper, without conferring the
disease upon those who drank the
liquor manufactured in his mouth,
is attested to under nllidavit before
a notary public. Mention is made
in the article of an investigation
conducted a few years ago by the
Royal College of Physicians, of
England, at the request of the Sec
retary of State for the Colonies,
into the nature of leprosy. The
Royal College made painstaking
researches in every country where
the disease was. known to exist, and
the report of it committee employed
in the work stated that they
were of the opinion that the
weight and value of the evidence
obtained " was very greatly in favor
of the non-contagiousness of lep
rosy." In consequence of this re
port, the Duke of Newcastle, Colo
nial Secretary, forthwith issued a
circular to the Governors of the
Colonics, expressing his opinion
" that any laws affecting the per
sonal liberty of lepers ought to be
repealed ; and that, in the mean
time, if they shall not be repealed,
any action of the executive govern
ment in enforcement of them, which
is merely authorized and not en
joined by the law, ought to cease."
It is unnecessary to restate Dr.
Fitch's propositions or recapitulate
his evidence. Sufliee it to say he
has made out what appears to be a
very strong position, to say the
least, and we sincerely hope that
his elaborate and able paper may
give him a distinction in the world
of medical science, which will prove
a satisfactory reward and reparation
for all the- injustice and injury he
has suffered for his independent
IRRIGATION IN INDIA.
In no other part of the world has
the utilization of sources of water
supply for irrigation been so thor
oughly carried out, under Govern
mental supervision, as in India.
Tqe construction of reservoirs for
saving the rainfall, as well as the
building of canals for conveying the
water of the rivers upon adjacent
territory, have each received much
attention. In the province of My
sore the number of reservoirs is
estimated at 38,000, while in the
Madras Presidency there arc over
70,000. One of those in Mysore is
in reality a lake, being some forty
miles in circumference. A canal
taken from the Ganges river is,
with its branches, some !I00 miles in
length, cost 815,000,000, and irri
gates 1,200,000 acres. Other canals
have been constructed which cost
from $2, 000,000 to S(;,f00,000 re
spectively. Besides the many mill
ion acres thus provided with water,
a much larger area derives its sup
ply entirely from wells, which ' are
sunk, and the water utilized at com
paratively moderate expense. He-
sides such a showing as is given,
the irrigating systems of California
are dwarfed almost into insignifi
cance. The most extensive canals
constructed here have not cost be
yond a couple of hundred thousand
dollars, while the entiro number of
acres irrigated is but a tithe in com
parison with India. When a sys
tematic effort shall hnvo been made
here to preserve and utilize all the
abundant sources of water supply
in California, as is being done in
India, there will not be left a foot
of land uncultivated because of lack
of irrigation facilities. The pro
gress of the Hindoos in this respect
may well bo imitated bj' the farmers
of tliis coast, S. J Chronicle.
A policeman attacked Ivy cholera
morbus lost &o much rest that ho
was forced to go on duly again to
I ecuperate. Denver Hepubliean.
If you wont to raise a lump over
your left eye, speak of a woman as
one of tho oldest inhabitants.
A crank is tho man whose ideas
differ from your own, Texas
The Circus I
The Circus !
Crowded' Crowded" Crowded 111
Our Now Programme a
Grand Success !
Hundreds Unable to Gain Admission I
Trade Mark-Standing; Hoom only
at 7:30 o'clock !
"Murder will Out, and Genuine Talent
Ncvei Fulls to Draw."
Pi Ices DO cents, 75 cents and $1.23.
Children, half price.
EST Tickets for Dress Circle and Stalls
can be had during the day at the Elite
Ice Cream Parlors.
101 liOBKltT LOVE, Business Agent.
AT the Annual Mooting of the Pacific
Sugar Mill held this day, the fob
lowing officers wore elected for the
F. A. bciiAKKr.H President
J. lloTixu Treasurer
II. Rkn.tks Secretary
.1. II. Paiv Auditor
H KEN.TES, Secretary.
Honolulu, Oct. SO ItSj. 101 ill
Election of Officers.
AT the Annual Meclinirof the Ono.
mea Sug.ir Co. held" at the office
of U. Brewer it Co. ilns day, the follow
ing officers wore duly elected for the
J. O. CAnTEU President
W. F. Ai.i.r.N Vice-President
P. O. .loNEs Secretary
G. J. Boss Treasurer
J. O. Caiiteh Auditor
The above officers are also the Diiec.
tor of the Company.
See'y Onomca Sucar Co.
Honolulu, Pel. 27, IStT). 101 tin
HOUSE AND LOT
& Household Furniture !
At tliu residence of the late Honorable
B. II. Austin, Nuuanu Avenue, on
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4th,
At 10 a.m., will ho sold,
Parlor& GIiainliBr Fnr'tnre,
ItnokN, etc., ns follows:
1 Handsome Redwood P.nlor Set, Sofa
and 0 Chairs, '
Marble-top Tables, Hookers, ! Chande
liers, Pictures, Vase,
1 complete Dinner Set, 200 pieces; C.is.
1 Iiorgc .Mb ror, Clock, pait of set of
1 "Mnlhusek'" Rosewood Square Piano,
7) octivcs, in pcifcct order,
Lounire and Pillows, Cedar and Pine
LARGE KOA LIBRARY CASE,
21 vols. Encyclopedia Brittanlca,
10 vols. Blackwood's Magazine,
52 vols. British Po-ts, TCgiilnr binding,
IS! vols. Schiller Work:', in Geiman,
and a small asoitment of other vain-
able works. ,
a vj:uy iiaxijsimi: hi,cic walnut
Mo-top Bedroom Sot,
1 Oak Marble.top Bedroom Set, Spring
M ittrees, Hair M ittresscs,
1 BW Bedstead, Toilet Sets, Step
Ladder, 1 pair Scales, Oil Can, etc , etc.,
AA. 12 o'eloclr, noon,
we shall offer, the
Valuable House and Lot,
Containing an area of aboiit one acre
ot land. Tlic main house is double
stories, and contains s'jvcn rooms he
sides Kiti.hen, Pantry and Bathroom.
There are niso 2 well-lnt'ilt Cottages,
each with 2 rooms, a Iinai Cottage,
Servants' .looms, a Cuniagc House,
Stable and Chicken House.
This Property is advantageously situ
ated in a "rood neighborhood. The
houses are all in excellent repair, and a
good opportunity is presented to obtain
it 11rsl-clus residence.
Trims favorable. The Property can
be seen bjr application to JONA. AUS.
TIN, E.-q., or to
E. P. ADAMS & CO.,
101 7t Auctioneers.
Furniture Sale !
By order of A. J. OAUTWKICHIT,
ESQ., Executor of the Estate of Her
late Majesty QUEKN EMMA, I will sell
at her late Bcsidenee, coiner of
Nuuanu & Beretania Sts.,
WEDNESDAY, November 11,
At 10 o'clock, a, m., the entire
As well as the
Horses and Carriages.
1'nvticiiIni'H Herenftcr. 13t
I WILL not bo responsible for nny
dobts contracted in my name with,
out ray written order.
Hanumiuilu, Oclobtir 0, 1685. 140 Im
(ft 30 10
00 10 J
People's Ice Co.,
E. O. Hall & Son,
Intcr-Islnnd S. N. Co.,
Ilnw'n Agricultuial Co.,
Wilder' Steamship Co.,
O. Brewer & Co.,
Wnlluku Sugar Co.,
E. O.Hnllite Son 70.
L. A. THURSTON, Stock Brokct.
39 Merchant Street. 101 ly
WANTED immediately, a number of
carpenters for uoik In town, for
which the best wage? will be pjld.
Also, se oral handy men to job on
rouirh woi k. Annlv at once to
.1. E. N ISEMAN,
IliO lw General Business Aijent.
rpwo Uulurnished Cottages, suitable
X for gentlemen or private families,
within live minutes' walk of the Post
Office. For pniliculnr apply at this
office, or address B. E C, this olllee.
rpiIE Quaiterly Meeting or the Pacific
JL Hirdware Co. (Limited), will 1m
held at their office on FRIDAY, Oct.
iiOth, at 10 o'clock a.m.
.IAS. O. SPENCER, Sie'y.
Honolulu. Oct. 23, 18S. 150 At
A I I. persons havinsr claims against
the HONOLULU 1CK WoHIW
CO. in ! icquclcdto pio'i-nt them im.
niedlalulv for tuvmeut. and all persons
owing the said Company are icqiiet'cd-
to make numciiiiitc payment, it uni
paid within icn dais from this date, the
accounts will he placed in the hands of
an attorney for collection.
A. McWAYNE, Scc'y.
Honolulu, On 24,1835. lMtf
j. !Nc-v invoice ol"
Ever Imported and forS.ilc in quantities
M. T. Grinbtiiiiii Jto Co.
BEIXG about to leave the Kingdom'
for a few months, and having sold
nil our right, title and interest iu the
White House, U8 Nuuanu Avenue, to
Mr. Joseph Vieininnd wife, wc wish
all parties concerned having any bills for
or against iu in any manner, to present
them for payment at once for settle
ment; alo the few straggling persons
who are lawfully indebted to the White
House for past favors arc requested to
he manly enough to pay for their last
month's Chinese wash 'hill mid black,
ing of shoes, for which cash was paid
eicral months ago, if for nothing ebe.
MB. JONATHAN AUSTIN is hereby
atuhori.ed to attend to all our legal
business) in our absence.
Ifi8 Gt MAUY JANE WHITE.
Special Notice !
Just received, a consignment of
(Dressed and Undressed),
A Splendid Lot of
Oil Paintings & Oleographs,
ex Jupiter, also a few cases of
Extra Manila Cigars, Show Cases,
And a Small Lino of Ladies', Misses',
Men's and Youths'
BOOTS, GAITERS & SHOES.
All of which will he fold to the trade
at reasonable prices,
LYONS & COHEN,
ICO lw Auctioneers.
At the residence of Mr. J. M. Oat, Ku-
kill St., on ncounl of departuie,
will be sold, on
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28th,
At 10 a.m., the
Entire Household Furniture
Hair Cloth Lniince, Plush Bed Lounge
IIW Cane Scat Chairs, Pictures,
Cut tains and Cornices,
Largo Center Rug, BVir Centre Table
iicurnom wet, complete,
Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine,
BW Extonsion Dining Table,
Glasswaro and Crockery, Plated Ware,
1 Union Conking Range, SI cat Sufe,
Bath Tub, etc., etc.
W fit B. P. ADAMS & CO., AucVrs.
NEW LOT OF
j&JLJL OTBR, E2Jt'JB3aOIJDEI2,lrr'
Just Opened at
CHARLES J. FISHEL'S
Corner Fort and
Pacific Hardware Company,
Successors to Dillingham & Go. and Samuel Nott.
POM' STREET, : : : : : : - HONOLULU
1 J I '
i foiuiiiyeiiiUta. nun
Beet (Junlity Blue Mottled
ii Superior Article.
sear Eire Proof Safes, Closing Out at Low Prices, isa
Eull Lines of Goods upon Most Favorable Terms.
Columbia lifer Salmon !
:LA.rGE KED ITISII !
FOK.SALE 11 Y
E. P. ADARfiS Si CO.
Dr. M. Goto,
Physician and Surgeon,
Leprosy ,'Svpuills and Skin Disease n
Specialty. Office, mauka of the resi
dence of Hon. James Kcau, King Street,
Office Honnsj 2 1421-
N B. Parties on tho other Islands can
consult by letter. 153 ly
UNITED CARRIAGE Go. !
Telephone 290 1
THIS Company, while thanking the
public lor its generous suppoit, are
still able to furnish llr.st class teams.
The steady advancement of this Com
pany since its organization, two yeais
ago, has com Ineed us tliat persons who
drive their own teams not only mnke
steady competent driiers, but, as a rule,
are not likely to charge more than legal
laics. Any passenger overciiargea oy
any of our drivers will, on application
to our office, have tho overcharge
promptly i eturncd. The object of the
United Carriage Company is to mpply
the public with good tcann at lcgliimatc
rates of fare, and hope by so doing to
merit, in the futuic, the same lincral
patronage that we have received in tho
past. UNITED CARRIAGE Co.
E5? Office and Carriage Stand, next
door to E. O. Hall & Son's, corner King
and Fort Streets. 153 lm
Pioneer St'm Candy Factory &.Bakery
Manufactuics all and every articlu iu
Confectionery and Paltry and Bread
Bakery from tho best nnil purest mate,
rials, guaranteed free from all
lliu-fjihittys on hand all sixes of his Rich
ami Unsurpassed Quality of
Enjoying a rich reputation of many
yenr.s, and mo ornamented in nny
style desired, and aro bold at the
Lovest Possible Prices
Unequalled facilities and steam enables
me to sell all articles manufactured at
my Establishment Cheaper than 'any
other in thin Line of Business. 'Vanilla,
Chocolate, Coconnut. hand mado and
Mould Creams of nil flavors at fiO cents
RICH PUFF CREAM CAKES,
ut 5 centb each, Mince and Fruit
Pies always on hand.
Pure and Wholesome Bread 1
Vienna Rolls, Family & Giohnm Bread
delivered to niiv nnri nf flu. oliir Tlw.
' largest and most v.ulous Stock of Cou
fectionery can bo found nt
XT' . HORN'S
Steam Candy Factory and Bakery.
No, 71 Hotel St,,ilictwicn Nuuauu and
P. O. Box No. 75. Telephone No. 74,
NEW GOODS I
T V f1
llrvnr hn I 'r
Extra Grocer Soap,
A DIVIDEND of To Dollars per
share will be paid to the Share,
holders of the Intcr-Islnnd Steam Navi
gation'Co. at their office, on Saturday,
Oct. 10, 18SS. J. ENA,
Sec'y T. 1. S. N. CO.
Honolulu, Oct. 3, 1885. 14f5Tt
Ml Di TeleiiloiB 32,
I-Ia-waiinii Hotel Still)! ew
Comfoitnblc Carriages, good Horses
and Competent Diiveis.
RuggieK, Wagonette & Sad
dle Horses to Let.
Hores taken to Board on Reafonabl
Horses for Sale and Warranted.
148 Ring Up Telephone 32. if
7X Quoen Street .
Steamer " J. I. Dowsctt,"
Rob Roy, Milo Morris, and Josephine.
SALT JTOK. S-AJL.E.
Fine and coarse Puuloa Salt ; flue
Kakaako Salt, in quantities to suit.
Also, large and small lion Wnter
Tanks. Paints, Oils, Etc., Etc. (13 ly
MELLER & HALBE'S
Ice Cream Parlor
Lincoln';; Block, Kii si
ABPiun ANMortnieiit or.
Candies & Cake
Ahvaj'H on Ilitutl
".' 4 'Jpfc; -
' " '"!& IB
vyi'tj i "', '