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i j "C k !!yv' r wHV " k ."V .v . J!- A, if lS i4" $ !? ifc- mlx Up-1. Hi?1' luui s&.UiSuuui!-. ii-M' '-" iinn I' i . BISHOP & Co., BANKEKS Honolulu, Hawailnn Islands. Draw Exchange on Uio FtuuW nrOiiUroriiia, W. If. Ami tlich agents In NEW YORK. BOSTON. HONG KONO. Messrs N. M ltotUuihUd& Son, London Tho Commciclnl Bank Co, of S.whioy, Loudon, Tho Coiutnuioliil Bank Co., of Sjilnoy, Sydney. The Bank of New Zealand: Auckland, Ohrlstcburch, and Wellington. The Uunk of HillHt Columbia, Vic- toili, 15. (J. and Poitlnnd, Or ANO Transact a Gcnornl Banking Husineps. OCil lv Tltilged to uultW ttttl nor Puity. But cstabllshou for Uio benefit of all. WEDNESDAY, DKC. !, 1885. A VALUABLE WORK. Department of the Interior U. S. Geological Survey ; J. W. Powell, Director. Hawaiian Volcasoks, by Capt. Clarence Edward Dut ton, Ordnance Corps U. S. A. Extract from the 1 ourth Annual Report of the Director 1882-83. Washington: Government Print ing Oillce, 1881. "Hawaiian Volcanoes" makes a volume of 219 largo octavo pages. It is handsomely printed on heavy calendered paper, is divided into thirteen chapters, and contains thirty illustrations, including six maps and three diagrams. Chapter I. treats of the geography of the Hawaiian Islands. Mentioning the unmistak able volcanic origin of the whole group, Capt. Dutton cites recent deep-sea soundings as having " dis closed the fact that these volcanic piles are only the summits of gigan tic mountain masses rising suddenly from the bottom of the Pacific, which for many hundreds oi miles around them is only moderately diversified." A submarine chain of mountains is presumed to con tinue from these Islands, many hun dred miles to the west-northwestward of Kauai, the evidence being minute islands and shoals strung along at intervals of fifty to a hundred miles, and a rcniaikably uniform depth of 2,500 to a, 100 fathoms being found, about 300 to 500 miles south of this presumptive range, by the soundings of II. B. M. S. Challenger in 1885, extending from Japan to the Ha waiian Islands. In mentioning the two sole points of volcanic activity remaining on the Islands Manna Loa and Kilau ea, on Hawaii the author hypothe tically discusses the antiquity of the volcanoes now extinct, without ap proaching any definite .conclusion. Mauna Loa, " the great mountain," ." is certainly the king of modern volcanoes," he says. "No other in the world approaches it in the vastness of its mass or in the mag nitude of its eruptive activity. There are many volcanic peaks higher in air, but they are usually planted upon elevated platforms, where they appear as mere cones of greater or less size. Regarding the platforms on which they stand as their true bases, the cones themselves and all tho lavas which have emanated from them never approach the magnitude of Mauna Loa. JElna. and all its adjuncts are far inferior, while Shasta, Hood, and Raincr, if they were melted down and run together, -would fall much below the volume of the Island volcano. We do not know at what level the base of Mauna Loa is situated. We only know that it is below sea level, and probably far below it. Rut, on the other hand, it may not be so low as the adjoining depths of the Pacific, for, as will appear in subsequent chapters, there is evidence that its platform lias been hoisted, and to a considerable amount, during the progress of its eruptions." Mauna Kca " the white mountain " " is nlso a colossus among volcanoes," tho only one besides its neighbor comparable to it being Mount St. Elias. Although Mauna Kea's sum mil is a trillc higher than Mauna Lou's, its slopes, are steeper and its baso therefore much smaller. " The miagnilude of Mauna Loa is due chiefly to tho great aiea ofjts base, which is neatly elliptical in shape, with a major diameter of 71 miles and a minor of 53 miles, measured at sea-level." Mauna Lou's supremacy in the aggregate of its eruptions is next noted, one of its moderate erup tions representing more material than Vesuvius lias emitted since tho flays of Pompeii. ' The great flow niimiiWinjiiwimi.Miiuin of 1855 would nearly have built Vesuvius, and those of 1859 and 1881 aie not greatly inferior." "Mauna Loa and Kilnuoa arc in many impoitnnl respects abnormal oleanoe" The quid charaotet of ilieii ci upturns, unaccompanied as they have mostly been with earthquakes or subterranean rumb lings, is ntjlable in this respect. "The lava wells foilh like walei fiom a hoi. bubblinu spring," and the observer may slant! so near the source that the heat will make the face tingle, yet without danger," while Iho inhabitants, apprised of the event first by the glow of the sky from the playing of tho tiro foun tains, "display almost as much eagerness to approach the scene of an eruption as the people of other countries show to get away from one." In consequence of this mild behavior, there is an absence of those fiagmental products that con stitute so large a portion of the out put of other volcanoes. The ejecta are almost nothing else but massive lavas, which accounts for the fiat profiles of these volcanoes. Earth quakes, though common in the is lands, with their centers of dis turbance around Mauna Loa and Kilauca, only occur on a startling and destructive scale at intervals of many years. The author makes a reference to the sculpture of nature in these is lands expressive of his great delight therein. He makes favorable com parison of the grand carving of the elements on the cliffs of Oahu and Molokai, with tho most magnificent features ol the Colorado Valley. "On the weather sides of Hawaii and Maui the gentle slopes of the mountains terminate upon the ocean in walls a few hundred feet high, while the platforms are gashed with canon valleys which are marvels of beauty. Over all is spread the mantle of a tropical vegetation so rich and splendid that it ' makes the nomi) of emperors ridiculous.' '" Remark is made of the strange fact that such sharr) outlines produced by eiosion arc found in this humid climate as pronounced as in the arid regions of Utah and Arizona, when the theory has been widely accepted that these physical peculiarities were due in those countries to the dryness of the atmosphere, and in succeeding chapters the author re verts to this subject. He is enthu siastic in praising Hawaiian meteo rological conditions: "Relatively to human comfort the climate is perfection," and, "The air is health itself." Reference is made to the small piopoition of cultivable land, along with the great productiveness of the boil in places. Speaking of what grows here, Capt. Dutton says, "The Kona coifee is superior to the Mocha and equal to the best Libe rian." The first chapter concludes with a statement of the advanced social organization the Hawaiians possessed when Capt. Cook visited them, of their feudal land tenure then, and the change made to fee simple, with a record title, as a consequence of the social revolution effected by the American mission aries. High praise is given to Pro fessor Alexander, for his adminis tration of the survey of the Islands necessary under the new order to establish metes and bounds. Succeeding chapters of the work recount Capt. Dutton's explorations of volcanic phenomena on Hawaii, Maui and Oahu, particularly of tho active volcanoes on the first-named island. He gives many sido glimpses of Hawaiian customs, with other in formation calculated to delight as well as instruct, so that, although his treatise may bo shelved among tho provcibially dry "pub. docs." continually issuing from the Govern ment press of a great country, it is at the same time an intensely read able account of travel and scientific investigation, both to those who are familiar with the giound gone over and to those who aie not. In the cloventh chapter the "P10 blem of the Volcano" is discussed too elaborately to bo followed in a newspapor review. The author, however, although hopeful that a solution is not impossible, leaves the question still a mystery. Ho holds that earth-lifting and volcanic action are associated phenomena. Eruptive agencies of undiscovered origin aro raised from varying depths near enough to tho earth's surface to, break through. What causes the expansion ; where the heat is gener ated, or, if primordial, wheio it is stored, and what in either case re leases its action, aie questions fann ing a rathei complicated mystery. Oahu island has the closing chap ter to itself, with a map, also good illustrations of the Nuuanu Pali and Diamond Head. Some of the other engravings in the work are very tine, views of volcanic and other scenery being bound ' to arrest the attention of the student of nature wherever they meet, his eye. An en chanting picture is that of forest scenery at Puna. This treatise of Capt. Dutton upon the leading physical peculiarities of these Islands their volcanoes will undoubtedly take a permanent place among the tomes of Hawaiian lore, which arc by no means despicable cither in variety or quality. Messrs. J. M. Oat & Co., book-sellers, supply the work to the Island public. WORK WANTED, PERSONS wanling jobs done, in or about their houses or grounds, will llnd competent and trustworthy men and women for such 'work by applying at the North Pnolllc Missionaiy Insti tute, 00 Punchbowl Slicet, between Bcrctunla and King Sticcts. 00 lw Of I am instructed to dispose of at Pub lic Auction, at mj' Salesroom, on FRIDAY, Dec. lltli, at 10 a.m., to clotc consignment, with, out lcscrve, n large assortment of GOLD & PLATED JEWELRY, Consisting of Ladies' Sets, Rings, Collar Buttons, Studs, Sleeve Buttons, Watch Chains, Bucelels, &c, &c. LEWIS J. LEVEY, Auctioneere- !)0 2t OLD BUILDINGS AT AUCTION. By order of His By. the Minister of the 'interior, I am instructed to fell at Public Auction, the 2 I) on the corner of Nuuanu and Queen Streets, lately occupied by the Supeiin. tendent of the Water Woiks, on SATURDAY, DEC. 12th, at 12 noon. BST" Terms Cah, and Buildings to be removed within ludays. SO 4t LEWIS J. LEVEY, Auct'r. GRAND XMAS SALE ! By order of Messrs. G. W. Macfarlano & Co., on WEDNESDAY, Dec. ICtli, At 10 a.m., at their store, Corner Fort and Quten Streets, we will oiler a large and choice collection of French and English Novelties, particularly suitable for Chiislmas and New Year's, and which have never before been ollered at auction. The Fine Quality of thc:c Goods cannot fail to commend them to a cultivated taste, and wc therefore con lidcntly aM their inspection by the Ladies of Honolulu, being sure that their judgment will confirm ours. AMONGST My Beautiful Novelties We can mention only a few, such as Elegant French Bronze Statues, "Front de Bociif mid Robin Hood," Gentle. men's Russia Writing Desks, Massive Bronze Ewers, Square Sphynx Jardiniere, Turquoibo grounds; Es. qulmaux and Seal Umbiclla Stand; Incised and Caived Persian Vases; Jar-shaped Vases, Vallands Red Ground and Black; Ribbon Basket, Chocolate ground and Chintz ; Elegant Bronze Statue with Clock. 1 Pair of Magnificent Vases, Reproduced from old Sevres models, gianted to M. Daniell by II. I. M. Na. poleon III; they are of Hose Avcnturinc tint, surmounted with Tropical Birds of most brilliant plumage, elaborately and richly finished in Gold. 1 Bohemian Glass Set, Parian Marble Bust "Clytic" Telescope by Negrelti and Tanibrn; u variety of Beautiful Vases, Flat, Medallion Bionze, Majolica, &c; Garden Scats, Yellow and Tur. quolsc, Plush "Work Table ; Bronze Wall Clocks Albums, cabinet slo, and vaiicly of styles; Flour Pots, Pink ground and Prlmioso; Brackets and Placqucs and numerous oth'T Beautiful Ai tides which can be inspected tho day before the sale at leisure. IS" Wo invito ovoiyono to come and seo what wo have to sell, for an oppoitunity is now ollered that.will probably never again occur. E P. ADAMS & Co., 00 td Auctioneers. NOTICE. AT the icgular Auniial Meeting of tho shareholders of tho Union Feed Co., (Limited), held this day, tho fob lowing olllcera were elected for tho en. biiingyear; 11. It. MACFAHLANE President BHUOE OAUTWHIGIlTViccPresident F. W. MAOKAltLANE Trcasuier WALTER 8. HANKS.. Sec'y & Auditor Directors J. II. Paty, A. J. Gut. wrlght, G. "VY. Macfarlano, F. W. Mac f urlanc. "WALTER B. HANKS, Sec'y. Honolulu, December 4, 1886. 09 4t n.i-miimijiiiiuin'iLMnwin ji. mJ Corporation Stocks FOB SALE. PAIS vamii:. llaw'iiO.inliigcManf'gCn. (,? JO 100 I!. O. Hall & Son, ... i 100 Inlei. Island S. N. Co., (.1 .0(1 100 Hell Telephone, ( it.! 10 Haw'u Agrlculuunl Co., (it 00 100 Wlldci's Steamship Co., 100 100 C. Brewer & Co., 100 100 llalawa, f0 100 Woodlnwn Daliy, Mi 100 Walluku Sugai Co., !) 100 Wnlmniinln, l?r. 100 Star Mill, PM'-Vi mm KecipiocilyStigui Co., SO 100 L. A. THUHSTON, Stock Brokei. 38 Merchant Strecl. Nil ly For Sit 11 Francisco. --1 jgWi 'I In; Magnillrent Steamship r! "AUTKALIA," Bnouoit Coiumandei Will leave for the nboc port on or about DECEMBER 15th. For freight or passage, apply to 18ttf II. IIACKFELD & CO., Agents. Just Arrived! Fiom Bicincn,per,C. It. Bishop, and now landing, an Invoice of Musical Instruments Consisting in pan of PIANOS, GUITARS, (In a variety of Styles and Pilec). Harmonicas, Violins, Zither, Prussian Drums, Base Dunns, SJ8 In. Accor- deons, .Tnmliorinc, Flutes, Fife-, B.injos, Stiings, etc. GST" These Goods wcte carefully sekcied foi thU niarkei, and at prices thai will enable me 10 idler special in ducements to the trade or any one who wishes to purchase goods in tho above line (18Sllw) C.E.WILLIAMS. Steamers for Sale. '"piIE under.signed begs to call tho X attention of .steamship companies and otheis inteicted to the following list of .steam launches, tugs and other btcani boats offeied for bale by one of his correspondents in Liverpool with the piiees attached, and which on account of the romaikably depressed tatc of tho shipping business will be seen to bo ex tremely low. Launches, Tugs and small boats that can be brought on deck of a largo steamer or Killing csel. New steel scjcw tug -IS feci x 10 feet x 5 fcct8-in. with 10 horse power engines nominal, suiface condenser, donkey pump, etc. Speed 12 miles an hour. I'ricc in Liveipool i!l,0r0 or 5,230. 811!10. Wood Screw Passenger and Cargo Launch, built in 1883, pair of (i in. cylinders, S-111. sroke, .speed about 10 miles, extra stiong oak frame, pitch pine planking, copper fastened, dimen sions -15.0x0.0x4.11. draft of water aft 3 feet. Pi ice 375. 2301. A Steel twin-screw Steam Yacht, built in 1884, 2 pairs of ertical D I A II I P I engines of 10 H.P., four C-in. cylinders, 8-in. stroke, speed 0 knots on a consumption of I! cwt. per hour, blinkers contain 0 tons, she has 11 sleeping berths, was built to go up tho Nile, dimensions 05.2x12.7x0.7. Price 1,550. 2300. A New Wood Scicw Steam Launch, copper fastened, compound S I C engines C-in. and 12-in. 7-in. stroke, laige multitubular boiler, teak lagged, of 00 lbs. woi king pressure, dimensions 40.OxS.0xL4. Price 050. 2301. An Iron twin-screw Stenmer, built In 1870, for river passenger trafllc, hull, engine and boiler lately overhauled at a cost of 107, speed 11 knots on a consiiulptloii of about 4 tons per week, bunkers contain 12 tone, dimensions 08.012.1xl.0. Price 480. 84 134. Steel Screw Tug, built in 1885. engines C S C 25 II.P.N. 11-in. and 22-ln. cylinders, 20-in. stroke, steel tubular boiler, 100 lbs. working pressure, f-pced 12 knots, boiler lagged, cylinders lagged with felt and mahogany, dimen sions 70x12.8x0.2. Draft of water V, feet and 0 feet. Price 1850. Larger Vessels. 2203. An Iron Screw Steamer, now building, and classed 100 Al at Lloyd's to cairy 2S0 tons on 0.0 draft, bunkers contain 20 tons, speed 0 knots on a con sumption of .1 tons per day, compound 1) I A engines of 40 H.P., lC-in. and 30-in. cylludeis, boiler of 80 lbs. work ing pressure, donkey engine nnd bteam winch, dimensions 120.0x21.0x10.0. Price 4,000. 2311. An Iron Screw Teg, built in 1885, classed Al at Lloyd's for towing purposes, two compound S C j D A engines of 15 H.P., 10-in. and UO-ln. cylludeis, 22 stroke, speed 10 to 12 knots, dimensions 70.4x15.0x0.3. Pi lec 3,500. 2308. An lion Screw Steamer, built In 1885, and classed 100 Al, COS tons ie gister, and caiiles 1,120 tons D.W. on 15 0 draft, 2 common 1) A S I C engines of 00 II. P., 25.n. and 48-in. cylinder, !!3-ln. stroke, cylindrical multitubular boiler of 80 lbs, woiklng pressure, bun kers contain 102 tons, consumption 8 tons per day, donkey engine and boiler, also 3 .steam winches, dimensions 203 Ox 30.0x15.10. Pi lec 12,000. 2204. An lion Sciuw steamer, built In 1885, and classed 100 Al at Lloyd's 07 tons register, carries 350 tons on 10.0 diaft, buukcis contain 50 tons, speed 13) to 14!j5 knots on a consumption of 8 tons per day, compound S I O engines of 80 1 1. P., 21i-lu. and 42-In. cylinders, 30-in. stroke, steel tubular boiler of 05 lbs. working prcsnue, donkey engine, and 2 htcaui winches, dimensions 145.0x 2.1.1x10.(1. Pilco 8,500. The above aie only a few of tho steam csscls that are offeied at sale in Great Britain at tho picscnt time. Almost any description of steamer and of any sl.o dcslied can now be puichased at veiy favorablo rates, It Is of cour.su neces sary that somo responsible paity In England should examine the condition of the stcameis offered for sale befoio ptirclmBlng. 1043m W.L. GREEN, ujli. jihiiu. ia-sj.. .gum.rmJU"lJi wiimh-'HU HELLO so, send me 20 yards It is III II ' lW?i'T--'"""J r 1 11 IW gifii have over seen lor the Money.'' " Quite right. It's below value !" " 3 OOD-BYE 04 B. F. DiM.isoiiAM, Piesidcul and Manager. Pacific Hardware Company, -Ciiauausi. FORT STREET, Successors to Dillingham & Co. and Samuel Nott. Preparatory to stock taking, we oflcr a large line of Tinware suitable for country and retail stores at Grreatly DRLecUieed. IPrices ! Colleo Pots, Tea Pols, Tea KctlUs, Tin Pails, Tin Lanterns, Milk Cans, Milk Pails. wish 1 una, nun. runs, u.iMllg r.ius, jmng IJippor 188 WEST, DOW & CO., Just lleeeived, ex Alameda, a Large Assortment of Furniture I including Li glit and Dark Cedar and Asli Bedroom Sets, and full idstcads, assorted woods; Ash Cottage, Nuiscand size Bed assoncu uining room LARGE CHRISTMAS ORDER will arrive on next steamer. SST We nave, also, on hand, in addition to our usual stock, a lanre assort X of Fancy Goods, Tojs and Picture Mouldings. iso' ment H. E. MclNTYRE & BRO., , IMPORTERS AND DEA LERS IN Groceries, Provisions and Feed, EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Goods received by every Packet from the Eastern States and Europe. Frc3h California Produce by every Steamer. All orders faithfully attended lo. and Goods delivered to any part ot the city free of charge. Island oidcrs oli clted. Satisfaction guaranteed. Post Oillce Box 145. Telephone No. 03. 108 ly J GEO. ENGELHARDT, (Formerly with Samuel Nott). Importer mill Denier in STOVES, CHANDELIERS, LAMPS, CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE AGATE IRON AND TINWARE. Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company. Beaver Block, - Fort Street. JS"" Store formerly occupied by S. NOTT, opposite Spreckels & Oo.'s Bank, -a 1C0 New Light on the Subject ! JUST RECEIVED, FROM BOSTON, EX BAHK MARTHA DAVIS, Downer's Kerosene Oil : : : : 150 o Electric Kerosene Oil : : : : : 150 Superior Kerosene Oil : : : : 130 All tho above Oil is fuksu and aoon, anil will bo s ild nt ictall or In lots to suit, at low niles. Also, OLSHJJS 8 O.AJR,I MATCHES, OFSUI'ERIOR QUALITY. Bisides the above, a largo variety of Eastern (jiiodsuoed by all .Stoics and PlanlalioiiB, all ol which will lo bold at reasonable I.rh-ts by (160 lin) E. O. HALL & BON, (Limited). Telephone 210 in both Cos. LEWIS & CO., GROCERS, or nnd OO ITotol Utroot, NEW GOODS JUST EECEIVED ON ICE: E istern Shad, Flounders, Rock Cod, Smelts, Crabs, Eastern Oysters, Cala Fresll Bo Butter, Caiillllower. Red Cabbages, Bunker Club Houso Sausages, Mallard Ducks, Peaches, Peais, Plums. Grapes, &c , 1&0. Horso Ihulish, Hootb and Celery, Swiss Cheese, Oreaui Checso, Edam Cheese, Geiinan Smoked baiiB-iiru?. Gciman Pickles in k'..ra iiit.,.i it..- tJ Kegs, Kitb Salmon Bellies, Kit -A-iul ti Complete Line ol Puucy &; S tuple Groceries -A.lwn.yw on Hand, Goods delivered to Walklkl, Tuesdays and Fridays. Goods delivered to all nart oftheTowq. ' .! 'H-J.i.umajjij,iwi WWHWM ERE IS that YOU, 311J. FJSllEL ? YES." "Have you any more ol' (hat brown JERSEY cloth, double width, such its you sold lo Mrs. .Jenkiiisoii yes (orday lor SI 50 a yard ? If the FINEST MATERIAL I -v?. t 99 ,I.VS. G. Sl'KNOKIl, Scciclniy and Treasurer. HONOLULU icrs, Stiaincis, Pie Plates, etc. ami liaiiy Uhairs. -a tt- P. O. Box 20T Mackerel ... ...,.;, .4u,,t.M. J.UI I IJB U II. : 1 w it 1 A ..' 4 .. w , -, -,b ; ' $&j&Mtto. vuit Kum ' ' . i : W'1 if, I Vii tmmtxwKHmsff'