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jYimll IV 1, '. '..Iili,.' i I ill i V JBg
BFSI10P & Co., BANKEK8
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Dnw Exohaugo on the
Bank ol Ctililbrnln, te. IT.
And tliolr agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. llotlischild & Son, London
Tho Commercial Bank Co,, of Sydnoy,
Tho Commercial Dank Co., of Sydney,
Tho Baukof New Zealand: Auckland,
Chrlstchurcli, antl Wellington,
Tho Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, I). 0., and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Business.
Pledged to neither Boot nor Fatty.
But ttUHltned for the leneSt of all.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 1886.
It would be too much to expect
the Hawaiian Islands to produce
men of the gigantic calibre of Glad
stone, the superb governing quali
ties of Cleveland, or the calm, per
severing determination of Parnell;
but it is not too much to say that
the kingdom's affairs have come to
a pass in which the services of men
possessing the elements of character
for which such as those just named
are distinguished arc urgently
needed. A crisis not unlike that
which produced the American civil
war seems to be rapidly approach
ing. The motto of the flie-eating
Southern politicians and slave-holders,
"might makes right," has been
all but adopted by the dominant
party in the Legislature. That
sheriffs, tax collectors, police jus
tices, load supervisors and other3 of
that kith, hold the balance of power,
is of itself a fact suflicient to
account for many of the votes which
have already been recorded on the
division lists. And the worst of the
present session has not yet been
seen. Beneath the "lowest deep"
there are yet "lower deeps" to be
reached. To expect any radical
impiovement with a legislature of
the stamp of the present body is
useless. While the majority of the
representatives is made up as it now
is, the assertion of the honorable
member for Molokai that "it is
about as well to talk reason to a
graven image as to this house" will
hold good. Whether this state of
affairs continues until the ship of
state is dashed upon the breakers of
revolution, or until the incongruous
mass of petty functionaries 3'clept
representatives ib dissolved by the
breath of popular indignation, is of
course, impossible to predict. Ha
waii cannot hope to be exempt from
the operation of the universal re
ceived maxim that history repeats
The outrage perpetrated upon the
laws of the kingdom in the Kaana
pali and Kona election cases is one
of that class of acts in which the
majority will learn, when too late,
that victory is much more calami
tous than defeat. The proposed
amendment to the Constitution, by
Ahieh our political system was to be
assimilated to that of the United
States and Great Britain inasmuch
as it contemplated taking the coun
try and its affairs out of the bands of
a mixed body of representa
tives many of whom are the servile
creatures of a body of irresponsible
ministers, was unceremoniously '
fired out of the house; while the
vote of $30,000, for which nothing
more tangible than ministerial gush
and vanity was offered to the house,
in return, was got through without
The resolution of the honorable
member for Lihue, introduced on
Monday to relieve the Marshal of
the Kingdom of legislative functions,
invited, as might be expected, an
attack, all along the line, from the
Government phalanx. The fact of
Btlch a resolution being submitted at
all proves the existence of a radical
defect in the Constitution itself, or
"a lacft of self-respect in tho mem
bers of government responsible for
carrying out its provisions. Mr.
Kaulukou's appointment to the
Marshalship, if Ministers had had
any regard for tho dignity of the
house, would have been preceded
by his resignation as a representa
tive. Representative Keau's mo
tion for indefinite postponement and
the manner in which three of the
Ministers pressed If was, simply a
"put up job. The
course takon by
worthy of notice.
General, like his
Minister Dare is
evidently not yet reached the meas
ure of obsequiousness which is
Indispensable qualification of a Ha
waiian Cabinet Minister. The Min
ister of Foreign "Affairs, however,
v2m.ztit:v. l4ieil iBtil;&ifc4a&k M-Naua&iJMMiV stop
mi'i vriiiiyrw wi"!MltL'.'iimiM?ii
had opportunities for more effective
training in that rc9pcct.
Tho debate that took place
Kcpicsentativc Dole's resolution
brought out nothing more clearly
than that a bold, honest and per
sistent agitation is needed to secure,
at an cat ly day, such amendments
to the Constitution as will render it
forever impossible for a person
holding any olllce of emolument
under the crown to become a mem
ber of the Legislature. Until this
reform is' consummated, "niiiiht
makes right" will continue to be
the only motto upon which affairs of
state arc conducted. When a clean
sweep is made of the sheriffs, tax
collectors, police justices, road
supervisors, and tho whole swarm of
ministerial subordinates T infesting
the legislative chamber; it will be
in older to expect a system of gov
ernment administered for the peo
ple instead of a system by which the
people's interests arc consulted only
so far as seems necessniy to realize
from them comfoi table dividends
for oillcials, Cabinet Ministers and
SEVr.XTV-SECOXI) DAY. CONTINUED.
The committee resumed at
Kep. Thurston remarked that the
person was in no way involved in
the discussion. He took issue witli
the Attorney-General (Dare) in
arguing that the Constitution ex
pressly allowed executive ollicers to
hold seats in the Legislatmc. They
must look to the origin of this arti
cle (20). It originated in England,
where, centuries ago, the lords rode
roughshod over the common people.
There, after centuries of bloodshed,
the privileged classes were deprived
of undue power in the government
of the realm. The common people
had their privileges preserved in the
United States and the British Colo-,
nies, and in this kingdom, under
the Kamehmchas, the executive had
abdicated their absolute sway and
admitted the people to full equality
in government. In the early pait
of the piesent reign there was no
inteiference with the exercise of
popular rights on the part of the
executive. But since the present
administration came into power the
executive had been gradually break
ing dow n the pi ivileges of the peo
ple, until th 03' saAV the Marshal of
the kingdom sitting in this house.
There were in the present Assembly
nine tax assessors, tlncc judges,
four deputy sheriffs, one road-supervisor-in-chief,
the Marshal, the Clerk of the
Board of Health, and an officer in
the standing army. Eleven of these
officers had been appointed dining
the present session of the Assembly.
Actually this was as much bribery
as 11 the Mimstiy stood over these
officers, holding before their eyes
the respective amounts of their sala
ries. It was an encroachment by
the executive on the rights of the
people who sent those men here to
represent them. The hon. member
for Lahaina (Aholo) discharged
four distinct functions under the
Government. lie was Postmaster
General, Police Justice, Tax Asses
sor and Representative, and it was
impossible in human nature that he
should without bias represent his
constituency in the Legislature.
Were his constituents to be satis-
fled with a quaiter representative,
whose other three parts were de
pendent entirely upon the favor of
the executive? Tho holding of posi
tions under different branches of
the Government, was as if a lawyer
engaged on one side of a case took
fees from the other side. In reply
to Rep. Palohau, who asked how it
came that the speaker sometimes
stayed away to attend to cases in
the Supremo Court, he said he
did not care what business the
member for Ililo engaged in out
side, or how much money he
made, so long as he did not at
tempt to occupy positions in
two distinct branches of government
at the same moment. It was amus
ing to hear the arguments on the
other side. The hon. member for
Honolulu contended that the only
executive officer was the King, tak
ing ten minutes to prove his point ;
while the Attorney-General hold
that every officer who helped to
execute the laws belonged to tho
executive, which was perfectly
right. Members of this house hold
ing executive offices might justly
confess to their constituents that
they represented them in tho Legis
lature so as not to conflict with their
executive functions and positions.
To expect faithful representation of
the people from such persons was as
unreasonable as to expect to get
cold water and hot out of one
Rep. Kaulukou supposed that
being, as it were, defendant in this
case, did not bar him from speak
ing. This very question was raised
here beforo in the case of District
Judge Komakau, appointed to the
House of Nobles, and who was per
mitted to hold his seat in tho As
sembly. The speaker did not hold
his seat in the house as Marshal of
the Kingdom, but because he was
elected by tho District of IUlo.
Arliclo 20 forbids judges of courts
of record to sit in tho Assembly,
nnd article Gl defines the qualifica
tions of members ; but there is no
artlclo to exclude the Marshal from
a scat in the Legislature.
Minister Gibson was satisfied that
the interpretation of the Constitu
tion given by the Attorney-General
was the correct 0110, and commended
itself to common-sense. In tho
United States executive men, men
of power, men of action, were pre
ferred as representatives of the peo
ple. Thus they saw a great many
generals of the aimy sent to Con
gress. In reply to a question by
Rep. Castle, ho said he did not
mean to say that a general, while in
the pay of the Government, was
allowed a scat in Congress that
General Grant when at the head of
the army was eligible to election as
a Senator but he said that execu
tive men had the preference in that
country when the people had to
choose representatives. A member
of the masonic or other fraternity
might have great power outside, but
within the lodge-room he was only a
humble member without any dis
tinctive privilege over his fellows.
It might be very difficult in this
small country to draw an exact line
of demarcation between the different
branches of government, but ho
was satisfied that the under
lying principles of the Eng
lish system were preserved in
this kingdom. There was no fear
in his mind that any of the official
duties of the member for Hilo out
side would conflict with his duties
as a representative of the people of
that district in this house. He con
sidered there was no parallel be
tween the case in question and that
of a lawyer taking a fee on two
sides. If a member took a fee for
piomoting legislation in the house,
then there would be a parallel case
to that supposed. The question, he
thought, had been sufficiently dis
cussed on both sides, and the reso
lution ought now to be indefinitely
Noble Bishop considered the argu
ment of the Attorney-General did
not touch the principle contended
for by the supporters of the resolu
tion, which was a perfectly sound
one. The Minister of Interior's
argument was beside tho question,
for no general or executive officer
could hold a seat in Congress with
out resigning his office. As the
Constitution, however, was not ex
plicit, he was not prepared to vote
Rep. Dole admitted that there
was a hook in article 20 to hang an
argument on, and the Attorney
General had availed himself of it.
If this, article was only intended to
exclude judges of courts of record,
because those were specified, then
there was nothing to prevent them
sending over to the Palace, and ask
ing His Majesty to come down and
assist them to legislate. The state
ment of the Minister of Interior
that the present system worked well,
and was in keeping with the Eng
lish and American systems, was
well enough as the Minister's opin
ion, but it was nothing else. Did
the Minister not know that no public
officer in the United States could be
elected to Congress? The exclusion
of judges- of courts of record was
referred to as if the original inten
tion was, to exclude them only! As
a matter of fact, that was only an
amendment introduced as an after
thought. Judges of the lower
courts and police officers were not
elected to this house till after the
reign of Kamehamcha V. He had
no personal motives in this matter.
If it was his father, brother, or
grandfather, who held the office, he
should go for him. The Govern
ment had been trying to shut the
mouth of his friend the hon. member
for Lahaina (Kalua) with the offer
of high position, but if be accepted,
tho speaker would go for him too.
Rep. Thurston moved that the
ayes and noes be called, which car
ried, and the resolution was indefin
itely postponed on tho following
Ayes Gibson, Creighton, Kanoa,
Dare, Bishop, Dominis, Cleghorn,
Judd, Macf arlane, Hayselden, Keau,
Baker, Kauhi, Amara, Brown, Kau
lia, Pahia, Kaunamano, Nahale, Na
liinu, Kekoa, Aholo, Kaukau, Kaai,
Kauai and Palohau 2G.
Noes Bush, Wight, Kalua, Cas
tle, Dickey, Thurston and Dole
The comraitee rose and reported,
and tho report was adopted by the
An act to amend section 101,
Civil Code, relating to licensed ferry
boats, was read a third time and
Rep. Aholo, at 3:30, moved the
house adjourn till 10 o'clock to
morrow, which carried.
Wednesday, Aug. 11th.
The Assembly opened with prayer
at 10:10 a.m., a quorum being ob
tained Ave minutes later. Present:
Ministers Creighton and Dare;
Nobles Walker (President), Cleg
horn and Dovrsett; Reps. Haysel
den, Keau, Baker, Kauhi, Amara,
Brown, Kaulia, Pahia, Kaunamano,
Wight, Nahale, Nahinu, Kekoa, Ka
lua, Kaukau, Riciiardson, Castle,
Dickey, Kaai, Thurston, Paehaole,
and -Palohau. Minutes of seventy
second day were read and confirmed.
Rep. Castle reported work done
by the Revision and Enrollment
Committee, The bill to establish
!H.f. Jate.'iLi "J'ktAtfaA! - j. a-iSi .
grades of street having passed third
reading, tho committee did not feel
authorized to make tho corrections
On motion of Rep. Brown, the
bill was referred back to tho com
mittee for correction. Later on
Rep. Castle returned the bill cor
Rep. Kaukau, on suspension of
tho rules, presented a petition from
Lahaina, asking that provision be
made for building a railway round
the island of Maui. Referred to
Committee on Public Lands.
Rep. Kalua, a petition from La
haina, for encouragement to the ex
port of taro flour.
Rep. Keau moved its indefinite
postponement, and was discussing
it when he was called to order.
Rep. Dickey raised the point of
order that the petition being ad
dressed to the introducer was inad
missible. The point was sustained.
Rep. Thurston, a petition from
Kuniumu, a policeman in Honolulu,
for $8 due him for serving tax writs.
Refeired to judioiarv Committee.
Rep. Castle moved tho following:
Whereas the -powcis and authority
of the commissioners to settle land
boundaries will expirfj by limitation
on tho 23rd day of August instant,
and whereas there is yet a largo
amount of work to be done by said
commissioners, ami thoic is now a
bill before this Assembly to extend
tho term of siml commissioners,
which in the ordinary course
of business beiore the house
may not be reached beforo said
date; therefore resolved, that the
bill, entitled, i'An Act to Extend
the Term of the Commission of
Boundaries," now before the Legis
lative Assembly, be taken out of its
regular order nnd be placed at the
head of all other orders for imme
diate consideration. Carried.
Minister Gibson reported that he
had prepared a reply to Rep.
Brown's resolution regarding free
water rates, but for certain reasons
he preferred to withhold it till to
morrow. Rep. Brown presented the follow
ing resolution: Whereas tho Su
preme Court of the Kingdom sitting
in banco has decided adversely to
the Hon. E. Kekoa, now sitting in
this house as a member from the
district of Puna, island of Hawaii,
in the case of Rex. vs. E. Kekoa
and another ; and whereas a petition
from the electors and tax-payers of
the said district of Puna has been
presented to this house as bj' law
prescribed praying that the scat of
said E. Kekoa be declared vacant ;
and whereas, from the decision of
said Supreme Court based upon tho
testimony given in the trial of said
case by the said E. Kekoa, in his
own behalf, it appears that the law
relating to the duties of inspectors
of election (the said E. Kekoa being
one) had been ignored and not com
plied or conformed to by said E.
Kekoa and the election held, by
which election said E. Kekoa pre
tended to bo returned to this house
as member thereof, being therefore
illegal ; now, therefore be it resolved
that the election of said E. Kekoa
be declared by this house null and
void, and the seat of said E. Kekoa
vacant, and that the Secretary be
ordered to notify the inspectors of
election for said district of Puna to
proceed and order and hold a new
election in said district.
He moved the resolution be made
special order of the day for Thurs
day in committee of the whole
Rep. Palohau moved in amend
ment to'lay it on the table to await
the report of the Judiciary Commit
tee on petitions from the electors of
Rep. Brown eaid the delay of the
Judiciary Committee was the very
reason why he had introduced the
resolution. The Supreme Court in
banco had found the member guilty
of a violation of the law, so that he
had no right to sit in the house.
Minister Creighton asked if that
was not a decision of the Intermedi
Rep. Brown said that was the law,
under which the Circuit Court con
victed the member, and the Supreme
Court in banco had confirmed the
judgment of the lower court.
Rep. Kaulukou supported the
motion to lay on tho table. The
question should be decided by this
house and not by the Supreme
Rep. Kalua supported the main
motion. Every member knew that
Mr. Kekoa had no right to sit in
this house. It was not a matter of
conflict of evidence, for the member
himself had testified in court that
he had wilfully violated tho law. If
he was in the position of the mem
ber he should at once lesign his
Rep. Kaulukou raised the point of
order that a similar resolution had
been indefinitely postponed, there
fore the present one could not be
Rep. Thurston held that this reso
lution was different from the other,
being based on a decision of the
Supreme Court given since the first
one was disposed of.
Rep. Castle explained, on his own
behalf as a member of the Judiciary
Committee, that ho had attended
the committee meeting when this
matter was previously submitted,
but the accused member was granted
a postponement of the case until he
could bring forward witnesses.
Rep. Thurston contended that the
motion to leave the matter with tho
rLJjEiu'''t"fl" '"'''i'j"'"'"' 7iirrf"n'rfff;i)""!m;."ij-f ffl i-TirwriWMn,niTtiii-riMi '
Judicial y Coininittco was only an
attempt to stave off a decision till
the close of tho session. Tho sit
ting member for Puna was a fraud
011 his own evidence, who had got
into this hotiso by deliberate viola
tion of the law. If the liouso was
willing to allow a man who was an
acknowledged fraud to hold his scat,
then he wanted to go on record as
opposed to it.
Rep. Dolo claimed tho two resolu
tions were distinct. The first one
was giounded 011 a communication
from one of the judges of tho .su
preme Court to the house. This one
was based on a decision of the full
beuch of that Court, confirming
judgments of two lower couits, anil
on a petition from electors of Puna.
The effott to shut out the resolution
looked as if some membcis desired
to retain a member in his sent in
violation of the law. On the flist
occasion the excuse was that it was
premature, because there was no
petition f 10111 elcctois of tho Dis
trict. Now members were appar
ently bound to fight the matter off
in any way. It was like a game of
thimblerig; no one knew under which
cup the pea would be found.
Rep. Blown argued signinst the
point of order, the two resolutions
Kep. Keau spoke at length on the
main question, with an allusion to
the point of order, but his rcmaiks
wcie not interpreted. He was called
to order several times, but held the
floor and was given an extension of
Rep. Palohau supported the point
of order. If they sent Mr. Kekoa
home, he had drawn his S5U0, and
the new member would draw another
8500, so that the District of Puna
would have 81,000, twice as much
as any other District.
Hep. Kauiianiano asked for the
ruling of the chair.
The President read the two reso
lutions, and decided that as the
intent of both was to declaie the
seat vacant, and the former one had
been indefinitely postponed, the
present lesolution could not be
Rep. Dickey moved a suspension
of the rubs for the purpose of con
sidering the lesolution.
OIIDLn OF THE DAY.
Rep. Kaulukou moved the
of the da', which carried.
The President announced that,
according to tjie resolution of this
morning, tho act to extend the term
of commissioners of boundaiics
should be taken from the table.
The bill was accordingly read a
second time, passed to engrossment
and ordered for third reading on
Kep. Thuiston, at 11:45, moved
for recess till 1:15, which carried.
A DIVIDEND of 5 per cent, is due
ami pajableto the Stockholders
uf ihe Kolo.i Sugar Co. at the office of
H. H.ickfeld & Co. nn August 12, 1680.
402 2t J. F. HACKFELD, Treasurer.
dfjL AIIOltSE. Tho owner
Jafeftp- can have the Mime liy
wSaBSJ' pinvlug property and'
& '-paying expenses. En
quire at THIS OFFICE. 402 31
Engine Co. No. 2.
THE MEMBERS of Mechanic En
gine Co. No. 2 nre ordered to at.
tend at their Engine Home, at 7:30 r.
m. this (lav, to an end a drill.
It JAS. F. MORGAN, Foreman.
THURSDAY, Aug. 12,
At lO A.M.,
The undersigned bus been instructed
to sell at Public Auction, on Thursday,
August 12th, at 10 a.m., at the store
lately occupied by C. Michiel, Fort
street, tho whole of the
Stock of Merchandise
damaged by tire nnd water, and consist
Ingof Clothing, Silks and Batbn, Vel.
vets, Kilver.plated Ware, Ribbons,
Lacoi", liinbrnlderlcs, Cretons, Damask
Tabln Linen, Linen Sheetings, Flannel
Shirts and Underwear, Lace and Muslin
Curtainh, Gloves, Cigars, etc.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
DESIRING to tloso out our Ship
Chandlorr and Commission Busi.
uess, we shall sell at REDUCED
PRICES nnd will closso out our entire
Stock, good.wlll and lease of premises,
at a fair valuation, to a responsible
party. A. W. PEIROE & CO,
Banjo and Guitar.
lfl. Jf. -A.iploly,
A Thorough Teacher.
t2T For terms, apply to
400 lm WEST, DOW & CO.
TWO nice comfortable Cottages on
Llliha street, nyar School, each at
$12 per month. Enquire at
M. S. GRINBAUM. & CO.,
881m Queen street.
-f UPRIGHT WESTERMAYER BER.
1 LIN PIANO. Willing to lot same
out, for a reasonable time. Apply to
W lw E. W. JORDAN, Fort Bt.
J:a4ritir-4iMiitAM 'Mf'A SifStritfiM
03 & G5 Fori SLieot, opposite Sprcckols' Bank.
SPECIAL NOTIOE.-Our Immense Slock, jut received by last Btcamer, Includes
all tho latest styles and newest novelties in
DRY GOODS, FANCY GOODS,
Tnilleq' Mlsoos1 and Children's Underwear, which wo oll'ci nt tho lowest prices.
GreatBn rrolnBlnnllkl nils of EMBROIDERIES, tin- la. gen and lint
selected Stock In that lint.
WE CLAIM that we carry the lnrc.t Slock In Bl'APLi: .DRY UOOOS, wich at
Calico, I.avuiH, Bleaclled and Unreached Cottons or the est lb ami,.. Sheet in,;
in all width-., Table Linen Napkins and many morn aitlelcs too numerous to
mention. All the above article will bo sold at BEDROCK., nml -peoial low
pi Ices will he math- on nil Good" bold by the plcre.
ROD Piece of Mosquito Netting, hot quality, nt a Reduced Price,
ino Pieces Victoria Lawn, a good quality, $1 fiO carh piece. ,,,.,. ,
O It EAT BAHQAINS-A largu line of Linen, Honeycomb anil Turkish 1 owels
wilt bo told very low.
Now Within Your Reach.
Wc are soiling our cnllro Stock of Dress Goods, Lawns, Cambrics at Cost Price.
All these Goods must he sold to make room for new Importations.
lo Huy Ladles', Misses', Children's and Infants' Underwear.
Ribbons, Ribbons, Ribbons, at Reduced Prices.
Just received, a large line of Ladies', Gents', Misses' and
IST Wc are now ready to lcceive, please nnd satisfy critical and close buyers,
who know a good thing when they see it.
S. COHN & CO.,
Corner of Fort &
JUST RECEIVED, THE
. HATS, CAPS, ETC, ETC.
Latest Styles and Novelties in Neckware.
by repeated and special request, a small invoice of the finest hand.madc,
Obtainable in the
A Large and Elegant Stock of Misses and Children's Spring Heel Shoes of all
sizes. Also, a Splendid Stock of
Gents' and Boys'
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAbT CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
Now Goods received by every Packet from tho Eastern States and Europe
Fresh California rroduco by every Steamer. All orders faithfully attended to
ami uoous delivered to any part of the
cited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Post
P. O. Box 297.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
111 TPovt Htrect,
Importers & Dealers in Staple & Fancy Groceries.
New Goods continually on the way. Just received ICog a Bauer Kraut, kegs Hol
land Herrings, kegs Tripe, kegs German Piikles, kegs Mixed Picklos, kits
Salmon Bellies, kits Mackerel, kegs Family Pork, kegs Co"npd Beef. For
woauiasi--wniie uats, uermeaj
nno ioi oi jnow zeaianu nnd l'orlland I'eachblow Potatoes
mo very best of ISLAND li UTTER,
PrlccM low mid Satisfaction iiiaiaiitcel.
(Formerly with Samuel Nott).
Impoi'toi and Xonloi- in
STOVES, CHANDELIERS, LAMPS,
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE,
AGATE IRON AND TINWARE,
Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company,
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
tar Store formerly occupied by 8. NOTT, opposito Sprccktls & Co.'s Bank. -
iimmin ' "' ""-" r;"lj'"
G3 and 05 Fort Street.
FINEST LINES OF
Boots and Shoes.
MclNTYRE & BRO.,
city free of charge. Island orders poll
Ofllco Box 145. Tolephone No. 03. 108 ly
urenlttast Uem and Shrtded Maize.
always on hand.
plenty for everybody.
&W!mmmmmtmx&-m-ifmmw m mmmmwxim .-