Newspaper Page Text
Supplement to the Daily Bulletin-
iday, August M, 1839. a m n fcf R 'r THE CHINESE QUESTION. ISniToit Hi:u.rriN : Tho efforts of planters several times repented, to got the Ministry to let in more Chi nese, and on the other hand the growing nnlngonism of other whites and natives to the admission of more lahnr of any kind unless eon fined and restricted to plantation work point significantly to the com ing collision on thnt question this election. Those interested in cheap lalior have been represented or rather mis represented by their leadero in such a way that they will be pushed into the coming election with a record furnished by their mentors so unne cessarily disingenuous, one-sided and inconsistent as to provoke un precedented hostility and resentment on the part of their fellow whites, and will heavily handicap themselves in obtaining even their just demands next legislature. For example: the pro-Chinese loaders have within the last two years adopted as a political princi ple the view that the necessities of their fellow whites will not justify restrictive measures against Chinese if involving departure fioin the ap proved piecedents furnished by free institutions, forgetting that they themselves have resorted these many years to this identical plea of "ne cessity" to secure, at hazardous risk to the free institutions of the coun try, the coolie labor they now have, and have no other plea to urge in asking more of it next legislature. Surely all history pioves that there can be no greater menace to tree institutions nor a more radical departure from safe precedent than in attempting to incorporate into a free country with already many ele ments of weakness dioves of igno rant aliens of a hostile civilization and religion, with an enormous pre ponderance of males among them, and in such numbers as already to constitute one-third of the entire population. The fact is both the planter's de mand for more cheap labor and his fellow white's demand fen some check upon that labor now here rest upon the identical plea of necessity. The arguments which justify one act justify both, and it cannot in lca son be expected that the position taken by the pro-Chinese leaders, disallowing all legislation based on that plea when intioduced in behalf of others, will not in turn by them be forced upon the pro Chinese pany regardless of consequences next legislature when more labor is asked for. The exasperating clfeet this posi ' lion of the pro-t'hiiiee paitv will have on the electors at large next February when tully presented to them can only be fairly appreciated when one considers that the undue pressure upon wliites and nauves they now complain of was not of their own seeking, but has come upon them while co-operating in the introduction of coolies for their own fellow citizens inleiesied in cheap labor. Tt would reasonably be sup posed under such circumstances that those for whom this labor was allowed to come for whom this lisk was run would in turn con sider themselves in honor bound to lend' their hearty co-operation in preventing loss or menace to their white kand native brethren by rea son nt the coolie's pietsonce. It cer tainly would never have been be lieved, had not our own eyes wit nessed it last legislature, that it was to be this very class which, standing .in the fiont ranks of the legilatuie, would resist and kill every attempt to cheek the rising tide of coolie (competition in the towns which now clouds anil obscures the future of both whites and natives. Again thoe interested in cheap labor go into this election without any right in truth to claim that the position of the anti-Chinese party was or is hostile to the planters' in terests. The records of the legis lature show in black and while that so lar from there being any impo sition to prevent the introduction of cheap labor for plantations there was an express provision in the Con stitutional amendment presented by the anti-Chinese member them selves by which Chinese could not be pi evented from coming for the rice nnd sugar plantations, provid ed they were restricted in their em ployment to those industries and could be sent back when their ser vices wero no longer needed. It was then claimed by anti-Chinese members that the present process of introdticinc unrestricted cheap la bor was no special advantngc to the planter" and unnecessarily onerous upon the country, in that out of ever' two or three men introduced for the plantations one perhaps re mained permanently at plantation work and the balance, after tempo rary service there where they were needed, left to go out into the coun try at large where more coolies now means simply a deadly incubus on the white and native races and an oppressive struggle for that limited number of better paid occupations upon which our own people must depend for a living if they are to stay here. The anti-Chinese patty then said, "An unrestricted .lap is far better than an unrestricted Chi naman, but a lestricted Chinaman is far better than an unrestricted Jap," and the entire issue on the labor question as far as the planta tions are concerned thus far has been, not whether cheap lalior shall come, but how it shall come and under what restrictions. On this issue. Inst legislature, the represent atives of those interested in cheap labor saw fit to take their stand against any restriction whatever be ing put on the coolie after lie got heie. Such a position so unuecessnrj for the protection of the planters' interests, so senselessly servile to a coolie's wishes, so merciless and high-handed toward' their fellow whites men who with women and children by their sides to support and care for have within the past two years twice demonstrated their willingness to face death in support of lesponsible government such a position I say will rouse any man's resentment and will foice tho whites and natives in self defense to take the stand this election that, seeing those interested in cheap labor not content with getting their labor in sist upon giving it full license after getting here to forage on the b.ilauce of the country, they in turn will bend eveiy eneigy to keep it out alloge'her until provision can be made by which it can be brought in undei pioper restrictions. It is unfortunate that such an is sue should be raised "and more so thar the leaders of those interested in cheap labor should themselves have provoked it. It is unfortun- ate that the views of Col. Spalding and many other planters, which are practically in sympathy with those of their fellow whites in the towns, have apparently been ovei ridden by another wing of the cheap labor patty, for the most pail centeied in Honolulu, which having not only plantation stock but also discounts, commissions, rents and what not to make out of Chinatown, evidently consider that they can best further these dual inteiests by suppressing 1 this auitation. all along the line and I being so placed that a few of them I in Honolulu can command the polili ' cal policy of the entire siiL'ar inter ests, have concluded to whip it into ; their service, though the issue as 1 rawed does not necessarily involve the planters' interests and very many of them sue opposed at heart I to being made a catsp.iw in sup pressing the struggle of their own race to keep their feet. 1 He this all as it may, the strug I gle is coming and though with the j wliites decimated in number, and the I native lied hand and foot by the Clii ' ne-.c and his vision and cniiipiehen i sion already mercifully dimmed to I the future that awaits him, the out come of the htrugglc seems a fore gone conclusion, yet it is uol in tbe whites to give up ground once cov ered without a stiuggle worthy of the antecedents of their race. Another position tho leaders of I the pro-C.hineso party have taken l which will expose them to the charge ' of disiiigenuousness ib their conten tion that the refusal to admit moio I Chinese under the Restriction Act ' coupled with the denial of return passports to some of lliAn leaving the kingdom will in time deplete the country of these people and thus in itself settle the whole ques tion in other words, the continued total exclusion of Cliincsc and the refusal of return passports to a part of them is the solution offered by members of the pro-Chinese party. Just how genuine this offer is will be apparent when one considers that the same men who make it, so far from consenting when in the legis latuie to a law which would secure thi9 total exclusion they affect to favor, they opposed even a Restric tion Act intioduced by the Ministry as too stringent, and cnine within an ace of ousting them before assent ing to the Reatiiction Act that was finally passed. Furthermore pro minent members of the same paity have Mnee made efforts under this Act to get the Ministry to let in more Chinese at the very time that their political associates were quiet ing the country with the assurance of a ciadual diminution of Chinese which they know can only be brought about by shutting the door for good against them. The truth is those depending on cheap labor, in justice to their own interests, can never :iscnl to the permanent total exclu sion of Chinese. The diplomatic uncertainties connected with the Japanese, the expense of other forms of labor and the extreme ups and downs of the sugar industry make it unsafe to close the door for good to the most reliable form of labor they have. The fault one has to find is that instead of coining out like men and s-iying so, the public is treated to diaingeiiuoiis and mis leading promises of relief never in tended to be fulfilled even by this party of high moral purposes and wlfich will conveniently be forgotten when a Hagging 01 diverted public sentiment and a servile Ministry present an oppoi Utility to slip in a few fresh cargoes of the "old relia ble" and thus by a single act elim inate whatever relief might have come from mouths ( r even years of exclusion. liven if Chinese were shut out in good faith for a number of years and return passports re fused to those leaving, there would be but slight relief at the point wheie the shoe really pinches, for the Chinese will naturally leave the better paid occupations which arc the bone of contention Inst. The occa sional vacancy occurring there will naturally be tilled by some other Chinaman who now in the lower rank's of common labor is simply waiting like everybody else to better his condition. There are s.iy from 2000 to -1000 places now filled by sjusr Westerrnayer's Celebrated Uprights MAD10 BXIMIKSSLY j. &, C. RUUDOIR UPRIGHTS .Other PIANOS of Well-known FOR SALK AT M ANUFAUTURKR'S PRICKS HY Ed. HOFFSCi Mb lm SO O.WTS- -SSa BLAOK 50 CENTS- -a:SBaHTs- AT LEADED COItXKR FORT Chinese which are or could be made remunerative enough to support that number of white and native families, and there are say 20,000 Chinese in the country. To attempt to wait until enough of them have gone so that vacancies will commence to occur in the better paid occupations will result only in a tapid depletion of the Chinese labor market to the benefit of no one, and with but a slight diminution in tho ranks of those coolies who are really doing the mischief, and long before ever their numbers commenced to be depleted so as to give any practical relief there would be a stringency in the labor maiket that would sim ply force the doors open to the Chi- nese again whether or no. This is already being illustrated by two years' trial of such a policy by the picsent Ministry. The planters, notwithstanding four shiploads of Japanese and another expected, al ready feel a slight stringency in the Chinese labor market, yet as far as the towns are concerned t liuiese in appaiently increasing numbers are not only holding all the ground once covered by them but are still quietly pursuing the process of rooting out still more of the whites and nalivis. The whole idea of looking to the gradu.il depletion of the Chinese for telief is a delusion and a snare. The foreigners now stand on the eve of an important election, divided against themselves but all conscious of the necessity of united action. One wing has just come out of an unprecedented year of prosperity, the other whilesuffering no actual hardships has had to deplete its own ranks to make the work go round and comes out of the past two years with very little accumulated, and a diminishing confidence in what the future has in store for them. One .side has in the day of it prosperity seen fit to set Us face against any concession or compromise whatso ever. The other while demanding self-protection has recognized ami conceded the industrial necessities of its opponents. Under such cir cumstances it seems surprising and yet perh.ips not so that the pro-Chi-'nese party should now ask their fel low whites to drop the Chinese ques tion this election and thai many of them should apparently have taken offense because their proposition does not seem to meet with much enthusiasm. The idea of now calling the legis lature together nnd submitting a Chinese constitutional amendment to the people, thus bringing the for eigners together this election, is evi dently a concession they still frown lipoil. V. A. IvlNNKY. n. 7r-HwiMu; arrived - s FOR THIS t'LIMATK. F8SGHER PIANOS ! .(. (HHINIOT Ul'lUGIITS. American Factories on the Way, LAECER & Co., King and iicthel Streets. SsSr3-- -50 CERHS .n a W M XrJ?IU "O" -50 CENTS F I S II E?L ' S MILLINERY HOUSE .t HOTF.h ST HURTS. ;i 1 .