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If Sin, fiilf , toartjf i ill 'fyi'"',ftayW''JW V- ---! n-,,JU,V., trfii.jmir'ri.j-.i.,. -r i - S I I-' M A V I ..5 fi. is I i ? Mil 1 $ Oil 'Mi' ,,?2Mvj!3rircfe2jy!'J-?'' V m 9 v IHUOHSISTSHOe OF THE DAY. Eiiltrlu KtrM.utix: t'lider tile bovo heading reference was inado n your issue of 'Jlld instant to cor am matter purliiienl as among tlie ants of omission on the part of all parties now before tlie electorate with their "platforms" anil t lie charge was inailu that these declar ations of principle have thus far lo udly ignored all intention or desire to regulate, renovate, ameliorate or leform our present antiquated sys tem, so far as the same touches or rather does not. touch upon the unequal taxatlou under which the poor here stiuggle, pnablinr the lich to become richer at their ex pense; aud the question of exemp tions, under certain circumstances, from execution, to which subject no one here ever seems to have given a thought, though so important a part of every other modern system of laws. Takiug the exemption ques tion alone, its entire omission by the Mechanics' Union certainly lays that body open to the charge put forth trom time to time by the Hilu-.tix editorially, that this organization has lost its possible position as a public benefactor by ignoring measures intimately connected with heir own politico-economical wel are. The same accusation of course holds against both the Knlaiaina and the. Government "platforms," but with this difference in favor of the latter: that being not in theory, tint in fact the representatives of capital as contradistinguished from labor, they would naturally shrink from being the first to promulgate a principle which favored labor at the expense of capital; and, further, having wisely (from a party stand point, and under existing conditions) withheld their "platform" till the others were.put forth, and there be ing no reference in the others to the reformation of laws hearing une qually upon labor, it was fair to as sume, as a political' argument, that labor, as represented by the Me chanics' Union, would be satisfied with such crumbs as their "plat form" in terms demanded; and when the extent of such benefit as these crumbs afford is measured by the most favorable results to be hop ed for from Chinese exclusion, it is ilitticnlt to see where the Mechan ics' platform is likely to better its promoters, in face of the fact that Japanese coolies are pouring in at a rato which sets the history of Chi neHO immigration in the dim and distant background. So let the blame rest where it falls ; and leU ua see what paity wiil first come to the tront with a platform designed to further the well-being of labor, the "bone and sinew" of this as of every nation for we can safely trust capital to take care of itself. As has been claimed, such a po licy should embrace a radical revi sion of the tax system. Jn spite of the sophistries often used in at tempting to prove that we arc a lightly taxed people, the very oppo site is the fact. The argument that our lands are only taxed 1 per cent, on a lower valuation than the prop erty would bring under the hammer is tthnply a cumulative proof that taxation is uufairly distributed, and that the large land owners do not pay tlioir share. The (act that certain plantation managers have as a matter of record, filled with the Assessor's sworn statements (in some cases ac cepted) giving the values of their plantations as less than the amounts actually divided among the share holders of said plantations as a sin gle year's dividend, is a much se verer illustiation ot the grasping dishonesty of capital which litre en ables the rich to throw their share of the burden on the poor. And to add to the necessity for actual, as opposed to professed, reform, we see Ministers who shout fiom the housetops the refrain, "These hands are clean," actually Hying in the face of a plain constitutional pro vision by appointing the near rela tives of extensive plantation owners t" to sit on their own plantation tax jjppeal boards. Yet, stranger still, POLITICAL tlo voice 1? heard fronl the tnrehaulc, demanding tux reform' To :ay nothing cf the principle Involved, the utilitarian doctrine of self-Interest stands boldly against current practices. A population of some 80,000, the men of whom arc for the most part serfs or plantation labor ers a possible step above serfdom, whoso government for years past has collected and expended public moneys averaging over two millions annually, or a yearly average of over twenty-llvo dollars to every man, woman aud child, cannot be said to lie lightly taxed, even when all get lair play, by payment accord ing to their wealth, i'ut, as every body knows, the burden of taxation is derived from a petty and annoy ing systtm of licensing and personal taxes, the former of which sifts it self down to the small consumer in every case, while the latter levies as much against the man straining every nerve and muscle to keep food before his family as it does against the planter who pockets $;)G.",000 per annum in sugar dividends! Individual facts might be inde finitely multiplied to show lion far this unjust system has progressed, toward getting tlie throat, of labor completely in the unrelenting grip of capital. Let one. or two sullice. The practice ot making haste to get rid of all taxable personal property just preceding the 1st of July each year, to escape taxation, is a fami liar custom here. It is a very com mon thing for the practice to be carried to the extent of frau dulent transfers. It has been sworn to in the Supreme Court by one of the heaviest sugar factors in the country that it was the "cus tom" of the sugar agents to place large sums "to their credit" in the hands of their San Francisco agents just before July. The gold, however, which represented these same "ere diU" would still be lying in bank in Honolulu! Tlie transfer would be simply a draft, followed by an entry or two on a set of books here, and the same in San Francisco. After July 1st, the transfer would probably be made back again or as circumstances dictated. But the poor laborer or bailor cannot by "transferring" his carcase three miles beyond low water mark es cape his five dollars personal tax as the sugar nabobs do the tax upon their gold (still lying in tlie Hono lulu banks), and their cargoes of sugar which they cut adrift from the wharf at (say) 11 :."( o'clock, on the night of June 30th, and put in a sworn statement of all their propeity on July 1st, taking care to leave the said cargo unincntinncil! As lias been intimated these and similar practices are. so common as to pass unchallenged. Hut does this fact in any degree lessen the necessity for reform? On the contrary it makes tax reform the more impera tive. And ycl the nearness of the elections may not seem to suggest an exhaustive discussion of the tax in justice's a matter for definite settle ment in this campaign particularly as it is a matter so radically affect ing the whole national revenue, and especially as no political party has thought lit to give tangible shape to a demand for the remedy of existing abuses. Nothing however seems more certain than this: that who ever in future political campaigns, shad bring to their side the support of those who on principle favor right as against might the justice, of equal laws for the toiler as against the injustice of legalized robbery by the grasping sugar lords and usurers this party must adopt as its shib boleth as a nine qua non of their political profession of faith an equitable redistribution of tlie pre sent unequal tax upon labor. As regaids tlie matter of exemp tions, these embrace a factor of political economy which will bear more rapid action than Uie reform of llie tax system, although ceilain branches of exemptions are closely allied thereto. In truth, they form a subject on which decisive action at any time might and should he profitably taken, in the light of ex perience in Hawaii, a- 'orupared with thai of roiinlries whcteln liber al exemptions exist in favor of the poor, as a part of Hit) established law. To olfur a few facts in support of this allegation will, with the Tlri.i.i.Tis's permission, be consider ed an early duty of IiVaTAMir.i:. VOYADE OF THE PFLUCER. The German iron bark J. C. I'll ti gcr, llilO tons register, Captain II. Kruse, arrived Saturday, 1 1!) days from Hrenien with 1200 Ions general merchandise. Tlie Plluger is consigned to Messrs. H. llaekfeld & Co., and has been docked at the l'ucilic Mail Steamship Compauy'i. wharf. She was hore in Novembei 1888, and sailed hence for San Fian eisco December 2. The following is the ship's log: Sailed from Ilremen August 1. Kxperienced splendid weather to latitude .")0 deg. H. ; cross ed the Equator in longitude 18 deg. , on the I2d day out. and arrived off the Meridian of Cape Horn JiO days later. She was '!" days cross ing from .)0 deg. S. to .10 deir. S., dnriug which time continuous boist erous weather was experienced. From "i0 deg. S., in the Pacific to port, very excellent weather set in. Crossed the Equator on December l.'dh, in longitude J2S deg. V Sighted Maui Friday afternoon, Dec. 27th, and made Oahu early next morning. BAD TASTE. Em rot: Bu.i.irnx: The Advertiser must have strange notions of what is proper, when it shows sympathy as in the following paragraph worst of all, for a lady rescued from the hard ships of shipwreck: "Captain Berry ami wife, both of whom experienced the pleasure (?) of a shipwreck on the lately lost James A. King, at, Kahiilni, Maui, arrived in town here yesterday by the steamer hikelike." The word pleasure used in con nection with our recent narrow es cape with our lives is simply insult ing. Whatever J may have had of it in my life, pleasure iii the last idea associated with perilous shipwreck. U. II. Br.unv. M'loMaia&iilffl! The A I Ntcnmsliii "Yaniashiro Mara" YOUNG, Commander, Will he due lipre on or al.n it January 8th, 1890, Anil will leave tor the above povts on or about .Inniiiiry l',, 1 800. &&" For freight or pansage having superior cabin uiul steerage ucrommo. dalinus apply to W. G. IRWIN & Co., 4W Ul AgcnlK. LOVEJOY & CO., 1. ii iiu n ii SI.. Honolulu. Offer for ale at unusuall) low prices, a lull iisHiiiiiH.'iiitiiul bobt brand-, ni Ales, Wines, Beers, Spirits, &c. j-fiyilavhig been appointed by Mesi-. I.iiehiiinii & Jaeolil of San 'I'rauuKco their boh) Agents for Hawaiian Islands, wo are enabled to otter their justly Celebrated Wine to our fi lends and the public at very low rate., i.ll I in 8top That Cough ! XT" ANY people neglect what they call XIX. u Dimple cold which, if tint checked in lime, may lead to limu trouble. Dr. LOZIEH'S COUCH SYRUP will not only slop Urn coutih, bin heal the Iiiiijs. Try It. Kor sale at frcUiu HOIXlSTKHitCO. Valuable at uoxioiv. in the Business The attention of Capitalists, Trustee nnil Ileal tt-tate Investors, is e.illed to one of the motl impoitaut wiles of Ileal Kslate, for business Mnel.s ever held in Honolulu ; the piopetty beiug Minuted in the heait of the citv and biiuuilcil bv Nuuanu, Hotel and Bethel Streets, The timlci.Mjrneil has received instructions to nfler for s.ile by miction, , it his SalcsHKim, ijiieeu street, On Saturday, Jan. I 8, I 890, AT I J O'CLOCK OON. The whole of lh.it VALl'MILK CITY PROPERTY, known u, the '"BOOTH ESTATE," (Kxcepling only the corner lot on Nuuanu and Hotel streelH, owned bv Mi. James. Olds) Containing' in all 16,000 Square Feet. 0 This is the nio.sl compact aifd deniable piece of ptopeitv in Honolulu, and being situated in the beatt of the letail business iimu'lcr o," the city, between the two main arteiies of trallie, (Km I and Niruiwili streets), lvmliii" to and lioin the whaive.s and haibor, it will hae a value for all time, and therefore holds out unusual inducements to capitalist, as a lcinuneialive and pQjiiiaiicnt investment. The main frontages of this ptopeitv aie 10 feet on Nuuanu sticet, YJ feet on Motel Mteel and 12,"i feel on llelhel sliect, which thtee street have been leeenlly widened by llie Government to -10 feet each, and liuely nine.iiliuvii.-ed and graded throughout, rendering them the tinc-t thoiough laics in the city. A new sticet of 12 feet width, which inns through the center of the propeity Tioni Nuuanu to llethcl Miccti, lias been donated bv the owner of the block, and this will give additional Mieet froutugti of Hi.) feet, on one nide of the new slieet and !1 feet on the other, to all llie lots to be sold, leaving no lot without a aluable stieet frontage and to koiiiu ol them very desirable aud aluable stteet eoinet.v. Another advantage of ihii line piopeity as an investment, i ill- excel lent nanitary conditions, and being on the highest pail of the citv, makai of Hotel .street, it will have excellent di.iinage for buildings elected theieou, and being of .sullieieiil elevation, pennits the eons'tiiietioii of deep celhiis, on account of being beyond the leach of tide water. Tlie block has been sub-divided into building lots,, numbering I tn 12 as can be seen on a large new survey map, now on view at my H.ilesioom. The title to the property is perfect. Teinis of sale ate one (hiid cufIi, one tbiid one year and one thiiil two yearc, with inteie.st at (i per cent per annum. An examination of this pioperly is solicited, and is confidently leeom iiiended as a permanently remunerative investment. gySF" For fullei patticulais aud information appl l JAS. '111!) td K. It. Hi:mi;v, President A Manager. .Ioiin Kna, Vice-President. lioiiriiKV Iluow.s, Secretin i &. Trea-utei. Ci.t'ii, Ilnow.s, Auditor. HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., (riirriio.) Opiii. Mpi'cclii'iV Hank, : Fort Street, Honolulu. IMT01STKKS and DKAhKRS IN Hardware, -:-Crockery, ::-Glassware, Chandelier,., Kleeloliern, I,aiupn & Lamp Kixtuies, l'.iintH, Oils A Yaiiiiahes, haul Oil, Cylinder Oil, l'owder, Shot A dps, .Machine-loaded Cartridges, Chamberlain'.- Patent ; HOUSE -:- FURNISHING -:- GOODS, Silver riated W'.ne, Table ,t rocket Cutlery, 1'lows, riatileis Steel Hoch, and other Agricultural Iniplcinenlx. HANDI.K.S OK ALL KINDS, PLANTATION SUPPLIES Of EVERY DESCRIPTION ! Hart' Patent ''Duplex" Die Stock for Pipe & Holt Ciiltiue., .Manila A. Sial Hope, Rubber Hose, Wiic Hound Rubber Hose, Spincler-grip; Kpriiiklcin .V Sprinkler Stands, AGJUJNT'ff FOK l!nion .Metallic Cartridge f.'o,, ll.ulinmi'is Steel Wire Vvncv Steel Wire M.il, "New Process" Rope, Win. G, Knhcr'H Wiooyht Steel Itangcs:, Ncal'u Cjniac.0 Pnlnls, Gate City Stone Kilter, "New Process" Twist Drills', nov-2ik8! llail'ri Patent "Duplex" Dio Slopk.s, al Estate Center of Honolulu ! F. MORGAN, AlTllllXlIKR. i' , ; J . ''