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Society of the United States.
Li a bili lies, 4 percent $11 0.000,000.00
!WWW I ! ! II i I I I M1MIIH "I WMW 11 I !!
j'cw Business Written in ISO! $230,000,000.00
.(Insurance in Force.
Tliu :i2d Annual Stati'im-nt will bo issued horeaftiT ; in
tho inlovvul tho I'orog-oing- ligurt-s will .show approxiimitoly
the chief itoihb of the account.
ALEX. J. CARTWRICHT,
General Aont Tor Hawaiian I islands.
Builders' & Genial Haidware,
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES & LAMP GOODS,
AGATE WARE, TIN WAKE. NKVBK BREAK WAKE,
Cillery & General IrclaMise,
Blake's Steam Pumps,
WILCCX & GIBB'S, AND REMINGTON
11 w Jj E sp
r li h i a
U9(B W EMi 1U
COKMjK MUT &
PUT WRQ aV n
JS FOB')' -U'RlCIi-O1.
After Inking Moil, u offoi Mipciloi miIuls fni If tli.m foimcr piice in ceii
U1EML1 L lOR'llKRES, IKOM ifd.oO Ul'W. Jtl),
Lndieh" Ac 4 liildi-om'tt Wofwnner
AT ALL h'iVLEh AND PRICES.
GENTS' SHIRTS, UNDERWEAR, COLLARS AbD CUFhS.
S-OCK AM) bCARKS AT COST.
CS DrcsniaMtig undci the inanagi inent of MISS K. CLARKE.
This Hotel has locently mltlcil a laigc
Single Rooms f Baths Attached
MIIC1i WII.I. III. I.1.T
AVMIi or AVllliout Hoard.
MOrAlnit H Kit Nt.i'lUNN l(lliiliuiit.1ftl
WM. B. HOOPER,
FOlt SALE !
I HAVE on liutitl .it ''Lit-
S . . ...I...... I, II i. ....!.. I..
k&Wh ,5 "l'a'1 tallr",la '-'
I IIOIII III " .VI'.IIS lllll, MIIUI.l
(if which Will Wt'l"ll flOlll
1000 to 1100 lbs. until ; 1 Thoioughbicd
lloletolti Hull J j unit old Utli of nct
Match; 1 llsilf .loiei Hull .1 jeais "Id i
next May; " oi (i Inipuileil Co, all
untlu, yiiuiiKiiiirt limt'linilwilxti wltlilii
pust no iiiuiiilis. Also, for want of iibu
anil all as fjooil ns now . 1 2-hO.iteil Vo -iMcdCmrlngo,
with imln anil sliaft mill
Potiblo Hunii'Sh; 1 LlfiliL -J-lioisu Lum
ber W.iOU, PUtli iiiiiKo. inn! uiiat .tutuud
to cany 4000 lb-.; Ii conipU'tu L't
Doublo lluiiiua foi Miiiiu. All of .ibi u
IioiL'il can liu bonlit flit-ap.
1 ' ' J. X. WltlOUT,
:tr0 lin !'. O, Uox 4.V., Honolulu.
81 KING STJtEKT,
G. J. WALLr.Fl, - - Manager.
"WliolHsalo & Retail Eutchers
HP Metropoiitan g I
li" . -A.
HOTEL. ST KELTS.
i THOMAS LINDSAY
ALL KINDS OF
JEWELRY Ml!) ORDER
lMgi anil Klnc .skick In Ilnnil.
ANVTHING YOI' ORDKR.
King Street, between Nuuanu
Island Shells and Curios !
.; 10Li:sALV. mill null, tln'iipfor
TT Cilhll, .it 101 Pint MlUI't, Iiuihlmmi
Klili'l.-' iIin k'ood xtoiu am! Kiiiuk
fil'll'b hllOl) htOIO.
ilBH If T. TANNA'JT.
Firewood For Sale !
.? K Iiiiiii jirt lrri'lM'il u small lot nf
It Alui'ioba KliHWiiod which e
jlfci for ualu in Jot, to Miit koic cash,
JJSlm HUSTACK A'CO.
M OPPORTUNITY !
At the request of a
number of our patrons,
we have concluded to
offer the services of our
artist, Mr. W. Y. How,
iis a practical instructor
in Oil Painting and "Wa
ter Coloring-, free of
Mr. I tow has been in
our employ for the past
two years and we feel
confident that, by prac
tical demonstration, he
can teach bis pupil just
what he wants to know
in the matter of handling
colors, etc., without the
tiresome course usually
adopted by .instructors.
For further particulars
P1I0F. DR. inert UMfflii
I lipiowitli appoint Mu. M. GOLD
IlKKG, AjrenL foi I lie sale of niy
Genuine Sanitary Underclothing in
the Hawaiian I&lanih. Beware of
PUOK. DR. G. JAKGKR. .
Stuttgart, the 19lli of Septcnilier, "JO.
A FULL ASSORTMENT JUST ARRIVED.
Notice to the Public !
The Ikwaiiiiii Soap Works
Is still In ustiMice .it the old stand,
r.i-leo. ami h is been so slme the yeiu
IS"). I .tin piep.iud to put up Soap at
Ibe fidlowln pi lies:
per Case of
per 100 lbs.
(if) rents eai b allowed foi empU ioii
tnlneis i elm iiid in ;ood oidei.
BSy" Weight foi weight nom.ilton
ei'in can siipplj as good an ankle foi
the s.iiiic puces.
fiQr Tho only
In the Il.iwaiian
A'l' a ineuting of the subseiibuts to
the stock of the Hawaiian l'oik
Packing Co, (Llinliul), held on the
10th day of Mmt'li, 18i)L', It was oted to
accept ItR Chatter of Inuoi potation and
the following olllei-is wcie eletted to
seie foi the ensiling jeai :
E. O. Wliihton Piesident,
W. Me andless Vlce-Piesiilent,
.7. Ena Secu-taiv iV 'J'reasuiei,
P. F. Poitei Andltoi.
HOAKi) or DiitKcioiis:
E. C. AVinston, W. MtCundless. K. F.
Porter, J Huike. W. It. Goilfiej and J.
Ena, all of Honolulu.
"No stockholder sball individually he
liable for the debts of Hie Cotnpany, be
yond what may be due upon the slime
or fdiaie issued to hlni."
Honolulu, Viueh lfl, 180J. 370 2w
ELECTION of OFFICERS.
AT the iiuuiial meeting of the Ha
waiian AgiiciilttiialCoinpaii) held
tills day. the following pcinoiib weie
elected oHIccih foi the euiiuut yeiu :
Hon. 0. Jt. Hlhhop PieKldeut,
Sani'l C Wlen Vice-Piesldent,
Geo. II. KobcitMMi TietiBlliei,
J. O. Cm lei Secretin y,
Tom May Auditor.
H. C. Allen, Chin. M. ( ooko and V. O.
Seily. Haw. Ag. o.
Honolulu. .Ian. '.'1, 18'J.'. lr .Mm
A NEW STORK.
HAVING Fo'd mil its half lutcicst In
the liuMii" of II. II. Williams
Co., I will (utii-i a shot l visit to the
States) open a New Stoie with a selected
htoek of lhe latest .style of Fuinllipe
and Uphostci). Also, u full line of
I'lideilakoi's Supplies, and will bo pio
paiediodn Embalming In a thoiough
and satisfactory maimer.
U74 Iw H. H. WILLIAMS.
JF von want a First-class Job of Piiiut
ing of any deseilption done, call on
the I'laettcalPalutei.J.L. Mkv only.
Foi t street 1.10, I', O, Uox 3a7. Mutual
Telophouts C6J. 168 tf
The sweet potato is specially well
suited for the luauufncutrr oi alco
hol, for it is so rich in sugnr and '
starch, containing about lo percent
of sugar ami about fin pet cent of
starch. Whereas the common potato f
and tuu beet, which ate so extensive
ly used in Kurope for making alcohol,
have a far less piopoitinn of the es
sential elements. The potato has hut j
about 4 percent of sugar and l!l per
cent of sMiich, and the bed lias but
10 pci cent of sugar Hulli potatoes
easily undoigo alcoholic fei mentation
for the teason that besides the sugar
actually present, the staich that they
contain is readily converted also Into
sugar by the addition of malt. The
tesult is pure spiiit called spirit of
All kinds of starch are easily
changed into grape sugar by holiing
with dilute sulphuric acid, which in
this case, acts like a fennetit, because
it is not decomposed during the ac
tion. In this way sugar for alcohol
inanufactuic is now largely made
from the potato and other starch
The enoimous yield per acre of the
sweet potato under proper cultivation
and in suitable soil and climate is
greatly in its favor as a source of al
cohol manufacture. In Mnt Unique
it has been in successful cultivation
for this pin pose for some lime, and
lias laigely replaced the sugar indus
try with mote certain and stable prof
its and less outlay.
Certain Mopical fruits that contain
abundant bttgar, are also valuable
tot the pioduction i f alcohol. This
is especially so with the pineapple
and the banana, both of which fruits
are ricli in sugar and the latter in
starch, and jield mi excellent quality
of alcohol, the essential oils in which
are agreeable and inoffensive. In
several countties they ate now used
for distillation when foieign ship
ment of Lhe fruit is unfavorable. Al
cohol made itotn fruit is fiee of fusel
oil, and superior to alcohol made of
ceteals which contains the offensive
and poisonous fusel oil. Fruits that
ate not rich in sugar ate not fit for
alcohol, tot they mulct go ouly the
acetous fet mentation which results
Rice is al&o aluable for distilla
tion into alcohol, for it contains 70
to 7.") percent of starch, which, as we
have stated before, readily under
goes the alcoholic fei mentation. Vast
quantities of rice arc unpolled into
Km ope, mid its use for distillation
is rapidly extending in German)',
Holland, Fiance and Italy. Sake or
tice nine is the principal and almost
the only alcoholic beverage of Japan.
It is made exclusively of rice by fer
mentation. The total annual produc
tion is estimated at loO million gal
lons. The principle by which alcohol is
produced, is the fermentation of cer
tain substances containing sugar or
starch that is coin cried into sugar,
by which piocessthe sugar is inverted
into glucose, fiom which the alcohol
is foimed. This is known as alcoholic
leruienlalion. Hut if this pioce9s is
not eaiefully conducted, other fer
mentations ensue, fur glucose is sub
ject to foui principal kinds of fer
mentation alcoholic, acetous, lactic,
uud viscous. These are called the
accidents of fei mentation and liae
to be carefully guaided against
Pasleiir in bis classical memoir lias
proved that in viscous or alcoholic
fermentation, "the balance sheet of
the reaction is as follows. One
hundred parts of cane sugar, in fer
menting, pass into 105.1 parts of glu
cose, which then breaksup yielding
Carbonic acid J,J.-1
Succinic acid 0.7
Matter passing lo the
3 east 1.0
In the alcoholic fermentation of
glucose, live agents are necessary,
and in the absence of any one of
them fermentation cannot pioceed.
These tire sugar, water, a ferment,
heat and air. It is therefore neces
sary to have a knowledge of the com
ponent parts of the substance being
fermented and the pioper manipula
tion of the live necessary agents.
It 18 not within the scope of this
article to giio a detailed account of
the methods of fermentation and dis
tillation. It may be briefly stated,
however, as follows: The apparatus
necebsary for the fermenting process
at e huge vats with copper coils on
the botttom for heating or cooliug
the contents when necessary. The
operation of fermenting is completed
in about 18 hours, leaving a liquor
which possesses tho chaiactaristic
odor and taste of alcohol.
The fomented liquors thus ob
tained are composed essentially of
volatile substances, such as water,
alcohol, essential oils, and a little
acetic acid, and of iibn-volatile sub
stances, such as cellulose, dextrine,
unaltered sugar and starch, mineral
matters, lactic acid, etc. To obtain
the alcohol the liquor has lo be dis
tilled. The apparatus employed in
the piocess of distillation is called a
still and is of almost infinite variety.
The Cellier-Hlumentlial apparatus
with its modern improvements is con
sideied the best and the most econo
mical in its npeiation.
In order to obtain pure or icclifled
spuitR, the rough products of distil
lation aio submitted to a further pro
cess of concentration and puiiflca
lion, for besides fusel oil they oftpn
contain other deleterious substances.
The process is leiiued lectification
and is carried on in a special dis
(To be concluded next issue.)
i5giWfii fjliuIMmyXx, ii i ,j,(i rhiwwlfffiTnr'VahagWatffiMtaMiLaivl'1ii
TO UK GIVEN DY THE
On Saturday Evening,
.UAUCH . 1 HO.
jaT TRAINS will leae the Oiiliu
Railway Depot at 7 and 8 o'clock i: M. :
letuinlng will lc.-ue the Grove at 10 and
12 1'. M.
- TICKETS to bo had at J. Hit- i
bash's stoic, the Elite and Ludwlgsen
& Cion's Ic Cieain Parlots. I
BY virtue uf a Writ of Execution is
sued out of tho Poligo Court on
tho 23d day of February, A. I). 1892,
against Youg Hoy, defendant, in
fawn of Lo Ting, plaintiff1, for the sum
of $105 82, 1 have levied upon and
chall expose f(i Mile at the Police Sta
tion, in the District ot Honolulu,
Island of Oahu, at 12 o'clock m. of
TUESDAY, the 5th day of April, A.
I) , 1802, to the highest bidder, all the
light, title and interest of the said
Yong Hoy, defendant, in and to the
following properly, unless said judg
ment, interest, costs and my ex
penses be previouslj paid.
List of piopeity for sale:
A cerlain Lease of Land at Kulao
kahua, Honolulu, Oahu, containing 5
Acies, made between II. It. II. Poo
niaikelani and A hoi (Pake), of recoid
in Liber 124, on pages 267 and 208.
(Signer!) C. IL WILSON,
!1G3 301-10 3 1
BY viittieof a Wiit of Execution
issued out of the Police Court, on
Ibe 23d day of Febmary, A. D. 1892,
against Yong Hoy, defendant, in favor
ot Aquai, plaintiff, for the sum of
$227.39, 1 bac levied upon and shall
expose foi sale at the Police Station,
in the District of Honolulu, Island of
Oahu, at 12 o'clock m. of TUESDAY,
the 5th day of Apiil, A. D. 1892, to
the highest biddei, all the tight, title
and inttiestof the said Yong Hoy,
defendant, in and to the following
property, unless said judgment, inte
rest, costs and my expenses be pre
List of properly for sale:
,A ceitain Least' of Land at Kulao
kaliua, Honolulu, Oahu, containing 5
Acies, made between H. R. H. Poo
maikelani and A hoi I Pake), of recoid
in Libei 124, on pages 267 and 208.
(Signed) C. B. WILSON,
Honolulu, MiiKtli 7,1892.
303 301-10 31
$500 REWARD !
SOME iiiesponsibhi rascaU buiecii
cul.itid wh.it pin potts lobe clip
pings fiom the New York Herald of
J anuai y 25, 1892. The aiticle slan
ders the Nkw Yohk Likk Insurance
Comi'any and ispiobably the cowardly
woik of competitors. The issue of
the New York Herald contains noth
ing like it mid no othci notice than
that President Beeis is likely to be re
tained. This tends to lefute all slan
ders against the Company.
I now ollei a rewatd of Five Hun
dred Dollais foi ilu- discoieiy of the
.nilhor.-liip of the l mg statement and
foigery distributed in these Islands
concerning lhe Nhw Yohk Litk In
C. O. BERGER,
General Agent foi the Hawaiian Isl
ands. 355 lin
Hey There !
Brlug us In a couple of
pounds of those delicious
Breakfist Sausages !
'This Is what folks sing out
when they see the Centia)
Jlai ket Sausage Wagon
going past their gate. If
you miss tho wagon tele
phone to the Market uud
you will be promptly at
tended to, Headcheese,
Bologna Sausages and all
kinds of meat always on
CENTRAL MEAT MARKET,
JA8. H, LOVE, Proprietor,
ii6t) I in
INSTRUCTION hi Fieneh, Spanish
I and Lathi glvei by Professor F.
Lombard, University Graduate. Ulussea
aud private lessons. Grammar or cou
vcisatlon. Highest cicdeutlals from
France and California. Tenrig modu
late. Paitlculaih fiom the Fieneh
Consul, ot at Mrs. Cowes', near Y. M.
U. A. 818 luv
MK.lt. 0. BARNFIELD holds-classes
hi Diuwhig and Painting at his
studio, Hotel street, back of Drs, Ander
son & Liuidy. ;i41 tf
Tho best thing: to send to
your irlentlH abroad is King;
Bros.' Illustrated Souvenir
of Hawaii, which is gotten
up tor the purpose uud la
not au ttdvertbjeiueut.
MMMT IT :' "fat Jff Mi,
Importer ami Dealer in
anft Iron Ranges. Stoves and Fixtures,
Housekeeping Goods & Kitchen Utensils,
AGATE WARE IN LARGE YARIETY.
WHITE, GltAY AND SJLJLVElt-1'L.ATED
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lift and Force Pumps,"
Water Closets, Water and Soil Pipes.
Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
lmn1 ttlook." INn. s.i .- f Elliitr !.
a H Hk J
:i o. box 480 : Jg 1m
West Cor. 'iiuaiiii oc lCiu Sd'oifts.
g0 All kinds of NEW and SECOND-HAND FUKNITUKE sold cheap
for cash at the I X L.
fiJgrThel X L pays the HIGHEST CASH PK10E foi all kinds ol
Second-hand Furniture, Stoves, Sewiug Machines, Etc., Etc.
gjT IF YOU WANT TO SELL out your Household Furnituio in its
entirety, call at the I X L Auction & Commission House, corner Nuuanu
and King streets.
Prompt Returns Made on Goods Sold on Commission
S. W. LEDERER,
6?- Store Open Saturday
Telephones, No. 119
Chas. Hustacelisicoln Block,
King Street, bet. Fort & Alakea Streets,
IMPORTER &. DEALER IN
Groceries, Provisions, Elour & Feed.
Fresh California Roll Butter & Island Butter
ALWAYS ON ItANU.
New Goods received by every &teanius fiomSaa Francisco.
S0T" All orders faitlilully attended to and satisfai tion guaiantied. Island
oiders solicited and uacked with care.
Telephones, No. 175.-
California Wheat, Oat Hay, in huge and coinpiessed hales; Bailey, Rolled
t Giound Bailey, California & New Zealand Oats, Middlings, Bran, Corn,
Clacked Corn, Wheat, Etc., Etc, Etc., Etc. Also,
Drifted Snow and Victor Flour I
We keep constantly in stock the celebialcd Keitilieis niauufaetuied by Mr.
A. Haas of San Francisco, u. : Bone Meal, Wool Dust and High Giade
juper Phosphates, all of which can be had at btdiock puces.
tiff Island orders solicited and satisfaction guaranteed. JgS?
LEWIS & CO., Ill Fort Street,
HONOLULU, II. L,
Importers, Wholesale & Retail Dealers in Groceries & Provisions,
By each steamer of the O. S. S. Co. fiom California fresh Calafornia Roll
Butter, Fiozen Oysters and Fresh California Fruits, Fish, Game, Vegetables,
etc., etc. A complete line of Crosse & Blackwell's & J. T. Morton's Canned
& Bottled Goods alwayB on band. Also, just lccoived u fresh line of German
Pates and Potted Meats and Bottled Preseivcd Fruits, Lewis & Co.'s Maltese
Brand Sugar Cured Hams and Bacon, Now Bioakfast Cereals, Cream Oat
Flakes and Cream Wheat Flakes, Sicily Lemons and California Riverside
Oranges, Oregon Burhauk Potatoes, Etc., Etc.. Elu. Satisfaction guaranteed.
P. O. Box 145.-
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Goods received by every packet from Eastern Statos and Europe,
Fresh California Produce by ovory steamor. All oiders faithfully attended
to and Goods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Island orders
eolioited. Satisfaction guaranteed. 1-91
c. j. McCarthy,
New Cummins' Block, Mehohant Sthkct.
REAL ESTATE BROKER.
bOMOllOK ton TI1K
Equitable Life Assurance Society.
FIRE INSURANCE PLACED. COLLECTIONS ATTENDED TO.
Rents Collected and Houses Rented,
0F Any btttiness euti lifted to me will leeeiie prompt attention. &tFS
STYLES OK ARCHITECTURES:
Kant)ake, Queen Anue, RenaLtmico, Gothic, Italian, Classic, Normau,
IN STONE, BRICK, IRON OR WOOD.
Best Modern Designs In Residences! Cheap Artistic Cottages a Specialty!
Complete plana and specifications given; also suporlnteudonco of construction.
m- OI'FIOE-Oliiltcu BL o!c cor, KIdr k Port, Entrance on Vort flt
rxwwB aurtrtnaeWicaMftM ..'
WLA -mutual TEL. 90.:
Evenings till 9 o'clock -
P. O. Box 372.
Cor. Edinburgh it Queen Sts.
??"& B 51
cj L Qy
-P. O. Box 297.
-Telephone No. 92.