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'"W '"'('.WTjJf-1VJ 'STV-'T "f TJ
' 7 "Hsr? " i""
' tf.TJT .'"gcr-r,
the Equitable Life Assurance
Society of the
Liabilities, 4 percent -
jYcw B u.sin ess 1 Yrillen, in JSU I $230, 000, 000. 00
Jlsmrancn in Force $S0O, 000, 000. 00
Tin: !2d Annual Stalt'iuonl will bo issued hereafter; in
the interval the foregoing' ligures will show approximately
the chief items of the account.
ALEX. J. CARTWRICHT,
General Aircnt for Hawaiian Islands.
Builders' & Genet a! Hardware,
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES & LAMP GOODS,
AGATE WARE, TIN WARN. NEVER BREAK WARE,
SileiT & General Mercliandise,
Elake's Steam Pumps,
WILCOX & GIBE'S, AND REMINGTON
SIC WING MAC LI INKS.
n r -w. .-
COUNKSK I?(UT H.
B. F. EflLEHS
o iron's? -rjrRif:ii:T.
After taking Stock we ficr supeiior values for less- tlmii former pilces In every
CHENILLE I'ORTIF RES, FROM $(5.50 UPWRI.
IacSiew' Ac Oliildren'w Gonwamer
AT ALL STYLES AND l'UIOEB.
CENTS' SHIRTS, UNDERWEAR, COLLARS ADD COFrS.
SOCKS AM) SCARFS AT COST.
tST Dreps-maMng under tho management of MISS IC. CLARKE.
This Hotel has rerently milled a large
Single Rooms f Baths Attaclien
which m'ii.i, in: i.kt
AVI Hi or Wltliout Koiii'il.
?-AIh u I'irNl.t'lUNN Itfntuiii-iiut.il
WM. B. HOOPER,
I HAVE oil hand at "Lit
I tin Itiiliilii." Honolulu.
feSM-M Head California Mules
lllllll . HI u .yu.lin wn, iiitm
of which will welsh from
lOnotollOO lbs. each; l Thoroughbred
IloUtelu Hull 2 yeais old (Jth of next
March i 1 Half .leieoy Hull !1 years old
next May; 5 or (J Imported Cown all
gentle, young and have had calves within
past two months. AIho, for want of uto
and all us good us now, 1 12-f-eated Cov
ered Carriage, with pole and ehaft and
Double llaruers; 1 Light -J-horse Lum
ber Wagon, l'lfcch make,, and guaranteed
to cany -M0Q lbs.; also complete Set
Double Ilamet-b for name, All of above
propertj can be bought cheap,
.7. X. WRI'GHT,
:1.10 lin P. 0. Ron r2, Honolulu.
SI KING STREET,
G. J. WAf 1 E8. - - Manager,
YVlnbialo & Retail Butchers
tt-m:jrri miaiw .u.i i ami n a iiiimiiw
$ 25, 000,000.00
! In Jewelry
ALL KINDS OF
JEWELBY MADE 10 ORDER
Large and Fine Stock In Hand.
ANYTHING YOU ORDER.
King Street, between Nuuanu
Island Shells and Curios T
UOLKSALE and retail, cheap for
M titifli, at 101 Fort fct i eet, between
Elders" dry goods store, and I'Yauk
Gerl.'s shoo Moro.
363 If T.TANNA'IT.
Firewood Por Sale !
E have jiift received a small lot of
Vt Algeioha Flrewimd which we
alfer for sale hi lots to suit von oakh.
358 1m UUSTACEifcCO.
f, 'r- !,
Al OPPORTUNITY !
At the request of a
number of our patrons,
we have eoneluded to
offer the services of our
artist, Mr. V. Y. ltow,
as a practical instructor
in Oil Tainting- and Wa
ter Coloring', free of
Mr. Itow litis been in
our employ for the past
two years and we feel
confident that, by prac
tical demonstration, he
can teach his pupil just
what he wants to know
in the matter of handling
colors, etc., without the
tiresome course, usually
adopted by inytruetors.
For further particulars
San i tar v Uiiclcrclotlii us
I herewith appoint iNI it. M. GOLD
BERG, Agent for the sale of my
Genuine Sanitary Underclothing in
the Hawaiian Islands. Reware of
PROF. DR. G. JAEGER.
Stuttgart, the l'Jth of September, '00.
A FULL ASSORTMENT JUST ARRIYED.
Notice to the Public !
The Hawaiian Soap Works
Is lill in cxiMcncc at the old stand,
Leleo, and has been hi since the year
1855. I am prepared to put up Soap at
Ihe following pi ices:
$4.50 per Case or 100 lbs.; $4.00
per 100 lb?, in Bulk.
TiO Cents each allowed for emptv con
.tainers relumed in good order.
BQJ" Weight for weight no rival con
cern can supply as good an aiticle for
the same pi lees.
SST-Tho only Practical Heap Roller
in the Hawaiian Islands.
feb 2:2 -!C2
AT a meeting of the Mib-cribers to
tho stock of tho Hawaiian l'oik
Packing Co , (Limited), held on the
10th day of March, lri'.y, it was voted to
accept Its Charter of Incorporation and
the following olllivrs were elected to
serve for the ensuing year:
E.G. Winston PieMdcnt,
W. McCandless Vice-President,
iL Ena Secretary & Tieaiiier,
V. F. Pinter Auditor.
UDAiti) or in iiko'i ons:
E. C. Winston, W. McCandle.s, F. F.
Porter, J. Rurke. W. I!. (Jodfrey and J.
Ena, all of Honolulu.
"No stockholder pball individually be
liable for the debts of the Company, be
yond what may be duo upon the'sliaie
or shares Issued to him."
Honolulu, Mai cli Ifi, 18!):!. 37ua-
ELECTION of OPF1UEH8.
AT the annual meeting ot tho Ha
waiian Agricultural Company licit)
this day, the following persons were
elected oilleers for tho curient year:
Hon. O. R. Bishop Piesident,
Haiii'l O. Allen Yieo-Picsidenl,
Geo, II. Hobertsou Tieasuror,
.1. O. Carter ..Secietary,
Tom ilay Auditor.
H. C. Allen, Chan. M. Cooke and V. O.
J. O. CARTER,
seciy. Haw. Ag. 'o.
Honolulu, Jnu, L'l, 18'J2. 325 3m
A NEW STORE,
HAVING foNI out mv half Inteiest In
thohusiue of II. II. Williams &
Co., 1 will (si'ii-i' a shoir visit to the
States) open a .New Hlous with a selected
stock of tho latent styles of Furniture
and Upholstery. Also, a full lino of
Undeitakor's Supplies, and will be pre
pared to do Embalming in a thorough
and satisfactory manner.
37-1 hv II, II. WILLIAMS.
IF you want i First-class Job of Paint
ing of any dcsciiption done, call on
tho Practical Painter,.!. L. Muv-" only.
Fort street 130. P. O. lio 3H7. Mutual
Telephone CCJ. 16C tf
aaaagesii,-M wucrani jm.uigcgCTTJu,vaMi'ni 'i
Alcohol olitaiiu-il fro.a molasses
in its purity is known in commerce us
"duo spiiits." "The spirit of mo
lasses has neither the taste nor the
odor of spirit from wine ; it is sweet
er and when the distillation and rec
tification have been properly con
ducted, it may be considered as u
type of alcohol in its purity, for it
lias neither taste nor any peculiar
Molasses contains about fid percent
of saccharine matter, 21 percent of
organic mailer, and about 10 percent
of inotganic salts, childly of potash.
It is thus a substance rich in mailer
favorable to fermentation. When (lie
density of molasses lias been lowered
by dilution with water, fermentation
sets in rapidly, more especially if it
has been previously rendered acid.
Three processes arc necessary in ob
taining alcohol from molasses: dilu
tion, acidification and lerinentalion.
The latter is hastened by the addi
tion of a natural Icriuenl, such as
In ewer's yeast. It' begins in about
S or 10 hours, and lasts upwrdn of
GO. According to statistics in Franco
two owl. of molasses at 12 U. will
furnish about 0 gallons of pure spirit.
In the West Indies alcohol is made
from the fermentation of a mixture
of molasses skimmings and "(hin
der" to give it a necessary llavor
which by additional processes is made
into rum. The molasses contains the
elements necessary for fermentation,
sugar, water and gluten. Skimmings
are the scum of the clariliers, precip
itators, evaporators, the wash of tho
boiling pans, etc. "Dunder" is the
fermented wasli after it has under
gone distillation and been deprived
of the alcohol it contained.
"Supposing tliatrlhe fermenting
vat lias a capacity of 1000 gallons,
the proportions of the different
liquors run in would be 200 gallons
of well clarilied skimminrs, 50 gal
lons of molasses, and 100 gallons of
clear dunder: they should be well
mixed together. Fermentation speed
ily sets in, and 50 more gallons of
molasses are then added, together
willi 200 gallons of water. When
fermentation is thoroughly establish
ed, it further -100 gallons of (hinder
is added and the whole well stirred
up. Any scum thrown up during
the process is immediately skimmed
off. The temperature of the mass
rises gradually until about 1 or 5
degrees C. above that of the room it
self. No feunenting principle he
side's the gluten contained in the
wash is inquired. The process usu
ally occupies about 8 or 10 days.
Sugar planters expect one gallon' of
proof rum for every gallon of mo
lasses employed. On the supposi
tion that ordinary molasses contains
(!" parts of sugar, 02 parts of waler
and ;i parts of organic matter and
salts, and that, by careful fermenta
tion and distillation, .'." parts of ab
solute alcohol may bo obtained, we
may then reckon upon "io pounds of
spirit, or about -I gallons, which is a
yield of about 5j gallons of rum, .'50
percent over-proof, Ironi 100 pounds
of such molasses."
Pontifex and Wood, limited, of
England, supply the principal dis
tilling apparatus in the West Indies-
"The Pontifex Improved
Steam Continuous-working Dis
tilling Appaiatus" is the best for
dealing with large quantities, say
from C to (100 gallons of proof spirit
per hour, from wash obtained from
molasses. The advantages claimed
arc: great economy of fuel, time,
labor, and that neutral spirit can be
obtained (57 degrees over-proof, of
L great purity, in one continuous and
The superior sugar machinery and
processes used upon our Hawaiian
plantations secures more sugar from
the cane juice and leaves a very much
less quantity of molasses than is the
case in the West Indies. In that
country there is a residue of about
150 gallons of molasses to every ton
of sugar produced, but in Hawaii
the residue of molasses is only about
Placing our sugar crop at 100,000
tons annually, tho resulting molasses
is 1,000,000 gallons. At present,
about one halt of this is allowed to
run to waste ; the other half is util
ized for export, to feed to stock, and
as a fertilizer. Say 500,000 gallons
of molasses is wasted. Every gal
lon of molasses, when fermented and
distilled, will give otie gallon of pure
spirits. Therefore 500,000 gallons
of alcohol is annually run into the
sea by our planters a prodigal
waste. The export value of this
alcohol would bo about !50 cents per
gallou, say 150,000 total.
It will thus appear that tho waste
of molasses on our plantations is not
so enormous as lias been generally
supposed, and that it would scarcely
pay tho smaller plantations to have
distilleries attached to their mills,
but it would save a great deal of
wastefulness if a central distillery
were established to which all the
plantation should send their mo
lasses. Tho conversion of the sugar in tho
beet into alcohol is effected in sev
eral different ways, of which the fol
lowing aro the principal: (1) Ry
rasping the roots and submitting
them to pressure, and fermenting tho
eypressed Juice; (2) by maceration
with water and heat; (15) by direct
distillation of the roots. The spirit
obtained by tho first process is
superior to that obtained by the
others, but it requires more labor
and more machinery.
Potatoes are first softened wllh
steam, then rasped on a machine
with warm water. Mult is then added
to convert the starch into sugar, and
the processes bf mashing, infusion,
and fermentation carried on as in the
manufacture of grain spirit.
Like so many other commodities
in America the output and price of
alcohol is controlled by a trust. This
trust is a, company called "The Cat
tle Feeding and Distilling Co.," with
headquarters located at Peoria, Illi
nois, but with agencies all over the
Union, controlling all the alcohol dis
tilleries, and the refuse which is sold
as cattle feed. The price is kept at
50 cents to 00 cents per gallon in
bond. The internal revenue tax is
SI. 00 per gallon. There is a large
quantity of alcohol imported into the
United Slates from Europe, which
lias to pay duty equal to the internal
revenue tax. Perhaps it would not
be an obtrusive idea to consider this
item of alcohol in a now treaty with
the United States.
"I liavo just recovered irom a sec
ond attack of the grip this year,"
says Mr.' Jus. O. Jones, publisher of
the Leader, Mexia, Texas. "In the
latter case I used Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy, and I think with
considerable success, only being in
bed a little over two days, against
ten days for the first attack. The
second attack 1 am satisfied would
have been equally as bad as the first
but for the use of this remedy, as 1
had to go to bed in about six liour3
after being 'struck' with it, while in
the first case 1 was able to attend to
business about two days before get
ting 'down.' " 50 cent bottles for
sale by all dealers. Benson, Smitli
& Co., Agents.
TO RE GIVEN BY THE
Honolulu Arion Society
On Saturday Evening,
JL.VV?OX SO, 180S.
8(Sr TRAINS will leave the Oahu
Railway Depot at 7 and 8 o'clock l si.;
returning will leave the Grove at 10 and
12 v. si.
toy TICKETS to be had at J. Hu
b.ish's store, the Elite and I.udwigsen
it Oroit's Ice Cream Parlors.
To remind yon. that it is
nearly two years since we
cleaned your watch.
Isn't it about time to have
her oiled up?
H. F. WICHMAN.
AS Book-keeper, single or double
entry, by a Young Man of expe
rience who would bo willing to mako
himself generally useful. Terms mode
rate and refeiencos given. Address
"B.JI. II.,"P O. Box -ion. 72 1w
ALL accounts duo to or against the
undersigned must bo presented on
or before. SATURDAY NEXT, 20th Inst.
,, , , O.A.STEVEN.
Honolulu, March 21, 181)2. ;1M ot
Tho host tiling to send to
your friends abroad is King
KroH.' Illustrated Souvenir
of Hawaii, which is gotten
up lor the purpose and is
not un advertisement.
Importer and Dealer in
and Iron Ranges,
Housekeeping Goods & Kitchen Utensils,
AGATE WARE IN LARGE YARIETY.
WHITE, Git AY AND SILVER-PLATED
LAIV1PS - AMD - FIXTURES.
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lift and Force Pumps,
Water Closets, Water and Soil Pipes,
Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
".Hm.ntt Ulooli." Wow. t ,. iPT Hint; rt.reot.
: p. o. box -180. :
WeHt Cor. JNuuit.1111 So Itiiijn JsLreotN.
All kinds of NEW and SECOND-HAND FURNITURE sold nlmnn
for cash at tho I X L.
gjST The I X L puya the HIGHEST CASH PRICE for all kinda ol
Second-hand Furniture, Stoves, Sewing Machines, Etc., Etc.
IF YOU WANT TO SELL out your Household Furniture in its
entirety, call at tho 1 X L Auction & Commission lloiibo, corner Nuiuinu
and King btreets.
Prompt Returns Made on Goods Sold on Commission
S. W. LEDERER,
i&- Store Open Saturday
Telephones, No. 11'J.-
Ohas. Husface, Lincoln Block,
King Street, bet. Fort & Alakea Streets,
IMPORTER & DEALER IN
Groceries, Provisions, Flour & Feed.
Fresh California Roil Butter & Island Butter
ALWAYS ON HANI).
New Goods received by every steamers from San Francisco.
JDF All orders faithfully attended to and Fatisfaclion guaranteed. Island
orders solicited and Hacked with can;.
Telephones, No! 175.-
- avs -
Californiii Wheat, Oat Hay, in largo and compressed bales ; Barley, Rolled
.fe Ground Barley, California & New Zealand Oats, Middlings, Bran, Corn,
Cracked Corn, Wheat, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. Also,
Drifted Snow and Victor Flour !
: IT 12 Jfc 'J' ILIZWlty :
We keep constantly in stock the celebrated Fertilizers manufactured by Mr.
A. Haas of San Francisco, viz.: Bono Meal, Wool Dust and High Grade
iuper Phosphates, all of wbieli'can be bad at bediock prices.
Island orders solicited
LEWIS & CO.. Ill Fort Street,
HONOLULU, II. I.,
Importers, Wholesale & Retail Dealers in Groceries & Provisions,
By each steamer of the O. S. S. Co. from California fresh Calafornia Roll
Butler, Frozen Oysters and Fresh California Fruits, Fish, Game, Vegetables,
etc., etc. A complete line of Crosse & Blackwell's & J. T. Morton's Canned
& Bottled Goods always on hand. Also, just received a fresh lino of German
Pales and Potted Meats and Bottled Preserved Fruits, Lewis & Co.'s Maltese
Brand Sugar Cured Hams and Bacon, Now Breakfast Cereals, Cream Oat
Flakes and Cream Wheat Flakes, Sicily Lemons and California Riverside
Oranges, Oregon Burbuuk Potatoes, Etc., Etc.. Etc. Satisfaction guaranteed.
P. O. Box 145..
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Goods received by every packet from Eastern States and Europe,
Fresh California Produce by overy steamer. All orders faithfully attended
to and Goods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Island orders
solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. ' 1-91
c. j. McCarthy,
Nkw Cummins' Block, Mkiioiiant Sthki-jt.
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
8O1.I0ITOK I'OK THIS
Equitable Life Assurance Society.
FIRE INSURANCE PLACED. COLLECTIONS ATTENDED TO.
Rents Collected and Houses Rented.
gjST Any business entrusted to mo
STYLES OF ARCHITECTURES!
Eustlake, Queen Anne, Remittance, Gothic, Italian, Classic, Norman,
IN STONE, BRICK, IRON OR WOOD.'
Best Modern Designs in Residences I Cheap Artistic Cottages a Specially!
Complete plans and specifications given; also superintendence of construction,
tuir OFFICE-Cliilton Bl ck, cor. Kinfr & Fort. Entrauoe on Fort Bt
IiTIii'i I miMifr?f'TTlTn mi i..wnir.nr . '
: MUTUAL TEL. 90.
Evening till 9 o'clock, -j
-P. O. Box 372.
-Cor. Edinburgh & Queen Sts.
and satiBfaction guaranteed. jtfJB
-P. O. Box 297.
-Telephone No. 92.
will iccoivo prompt attention. JK7
.... 4sl- ci't.f. iTijis