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The Oldest S 'Page j
Evening Paper Published I
on the Hawaiian Islands.
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Vol. IV. No. G88.
HONOLULU, H. I., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1897.
PrIOI 5 OlNTS,
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CNWV- A.l 1 XJ
THE EVENING BULLETIN.
Fabllthed every day except Smndajr at
210 King Street, Honolulu, H. I.
Per Month, anywhere In tho Hn-
wallan Islands 3 76
Per Year. 8 00
Per Year, postpaid to America,
Canada, or Moxlco 1000
Per Year, postpnld, other Foreign
Countries 13 0(1
Pnynblo Tnvnrlnlilr In Advnneo.
Telephone '250. F. O. Box 89.
A. Y. GEAR. Manager.
The fcest preparation for preserving
restoring, and beatrtifyiag the faiir is
It keeps the calf) free from dandruff,
heals troublesome humors, and pre
vents the hair from falling out. When
the hair becomes dry, thin, faded, or
gray, it restores the original color and
texture and -promotes a new and vig
orous growth. Wherever used, Aycr'a
Hair Vigor supplants all other dress
ings, and becomes at once the favorite
with ladies and gentlemen alike.
DR. J. C AYCR t CO., Lowell, Mill, D--A.
GOLD MEDALS at the World's Chief Expositions.
Hollister Drug Co., Ltd.
Bole Agents for the Kepublio of Hawaii.
DR. G. WaLDO bdrgess,
Physician and Surgeon,
Kealdcncc: 438 Punchbowl Street.
Ilouits: 3 to 5 and 7 p. m.
A. C. WALL, D. D. S...
New Love's Building, Fort Stnet.
William A. Henshall,
A.ttorntay at Law
IIS iiualiniuunu biroot.
J. J. RICE,
.Attorney at Law
LYLE A.. DICKEY,
Aittopnev at Law
li Kauhnmanu Street.
TolotiUono Nk. US2.
SAMUEL J, MACDONALD,
CounHollov at Law.
SOt Merchant Wrwil (one door from
furl Ntrucl), Honolulu,
QllMmT V. MTTLK,
ATTORNEY AT. LAW
A. V, GEAR,
tuh m v, m hil nt
'liiiliii pjmmtmmimmmMn; immmimmimmimg.
ON THE LABOR QUESTION
loni! I'l.AIV View DRAWS
i Revolution In Onr I.nbnr Nrateni
Poa.llilB Without Dl.n.lrr to
Onr Clilel Indiiatrr?
Euitou Evenino Bulletin:
So tnauy ituprnotical, non-observing
men attempt to write for tbo
information of tho masses on tho
labor question that following
thom bas becomo nauseous. There
is a tbeory and a condition in
volved, and ns a rulo they get
tangled, and nfter one bas care
fully read tbeir writings bo is apt
to come to tho conclusion that bo
is no wiser for their labors.
If one would confine his at
tempts to writing on tbo subject
of the labor necessary for sugar
culture and state facts as they
have and do exsist, the reader
mjght come to aomo conclusion.
It is nn industry so unliko any
other agricultural labor that the
requirements are emphatically
differont. In the first place, we
find it essential that the labor be
continually renewed, for the
reason that human nature cannot
Btand it. It is proved by the de
mands of employers that the
labor best suited for sugar culture
is tho Asiatic, mainly for the
leason that it can be renewed. It
is not so much a question whether
Europeans can do the work, for
it is admitted that they can do
anything from hoisting a flag
on the north pole to shovel
ing guano under the equator,
but whether the requisite
uumoers can ue onrainea to con
tinually renew their ranks, and
that this renewing process can be
conducted coonomionlly enough
warrant the employment of that
class of labor. By those who
have made the experiment of em.
ploying Germans it is found that
they cannot do all kiuds of plan
tation work. At Lihue where a
colony was settled under the most
favored conditions this was prov
ed. These people were selected in
Germany (did not select them
selves as tbo wharf rats brought
bore from Sweden by Capt. L'
Orange), wore provided with good
homes, a nice church, n home
pastor, a good school in fact
their surroundings were made so
agreeable that they would not feel
that they had been transplanted.
There is no branch of plantation
labor this people cannot do, from
running the steam plows to driv
ing mules or gangs of men, but
there were two essential branches
they could not continuously work
at One was irrigating cnno.which
destroyed the feet and made help
Ibsb the bend of tho family, and
the other was nlrippiug cane,
which destroyed the hands with a
similar result. For these two
branches thorefore Asiatics had to
be employed. Not np of tlinp
Gorman families, that id good
for anything, but what
looks forward to bettering its
condition by gottiug out of pluu-
tatiou life, although all have
saved money. Thorefore, ray pro
mi that renewal of labor is es
sential is cleat ly proved uvim with
this beBt labor. Wo cannot help
but como to tho saino conclusion
in rogard to Asiatics wbon wo see
Htioh crowds of thorn returning
monthly to thoir native land, enoh
with his littlu store of hard earned
savingn. Knowing that this is a
laud whnru their labor is well
paid uml Hint limy unn renew
thoir contracts and dnttblo their
capital by laying another throo
yearn, it 1h rnro that tlmy do this,
Notwithstanding that some plan
tew will buy that thev havo wuu
who havo workod with them for
Un yetin, lliouo -X"pMu raercl;
go In prove tho rulo that ronnwal
of labor I imperative, Sugar Is
iimwifnotured tliu world over by
Hut oliimjient and uionI inferior
labor In ho obtained, llrntly, lui
ountfo of Mil riMKHvil rHfjiilroiiient
iiuil, HDOondly, becMiiHit llm Inlmr
fu oxuuMlyiify jmul, Un (ho
Ohino beet sugar ranch in San
Bernadino Co., Cal., as large a
gang aB two hundred and fifty
have beon soon crawling aorosB a
field on their knee, which woro
swathed in burlaps, weeding boots
when the Bun was ab 120 degroes.
No ene went thero to search for
an embryo president of the United
States. In fapt those laborora wore
uot citizens but morely greasors,
IndiatiB, Japs and Ohinose. A
lowor class of humanity
than thoso greasors and Indians
does not exist, but they aro in
duced to work from season to
season by tho hope that tho season
will bo short and thny will have
saved enough to have a graud
Fitzgerald shows the large per
centage of Asiatic labor employed
in beet sugar culture in Califor
nia, and those of us who have
soon the work know why Anglo
Saxona do not do it. Sentiment
and sugar labor must be divorced.
xue ronewauio labor nocessary
for the cultivation of sugar must
be obtained. The writers in tho
"United States who prate of slave
labor in the Hawaiian Islands
should be ignored. The fact of
so many thousands of laborers
coming here of their own accord
and returning with a fino bauk
account, the fact that the slightest
abuse of laborers by overaoers
arouses the indignation of the
community and compels reforms,
together with tho fact that similar
labor is used in tho United States,
should obeck the pons of ignorant
writers who declaim against tbe
Hawaiian Islands and their slavo
Another source of twaddle that
makes weary is that of a fow who
put themselves forward by show
ing tnat tuoy are in tnv.ir of do
ing away with tho contract system
and who would really like to con
vince thomselvos that as much
and more can bo done without
contracts. When one of those
pseudo philanthropists tells me
that on his plantation thoy
find thoy can do hotter
by farming out the work to con
tractors I feel like telling him ho
ought to be punished for his ig
norance. If he had ever lived in
Africa he would know the mean
ing of the expression, "a slave of
a slave." When he lot out the
cultivation of his lands to an
Asiatio boss ho then merely do '
puted the working of iupn to a
harder boss than ho would like
tho reputation of being. If a
Chinaman brings a Chinaman to
this couutry to work for him that
man has to work for all that is in
him and is bouud by chainB com
pared to which African slavery in
the United States was the freedom
of sunlight. In the former, if tbe
slave does not work his innocent
relatives at home are put to tho
torture and this is known to the
white pseudo philanthropists. In
quire into tho building of the
United States railroads by China
men furnished by tbe Six Compa
nies if this statement is not corro
borated. On tho other baud, if
the boss cheats the laborer it
would be hotter for his family
that he had never been born. In
China when the rolativo of an
injured man destroys the innocent
family of the injurer, the commu
nity says that the retaliation was
right and in cousonnuco with the
customs of that people.
iNow on looking ovor the whole
fiold wn havo discovered that sev
eral cIbhhub of labor must bo om
Sloyod in sugar culture. Firstly
o. 1 machinery must bo usod.tho
ramifications of tho manufacture
of which has given employment
to hundreds of Anglo-SaxoiiH.
Seoondly a largo number of
skilled hands must be employed,
and theso aro generally Anglo
Suxous. Thirdly the renew
able labor necessary, and it is
gonorally admitted, for reasons
quoted, that for this purpose
Asiatics aro tho ohoapost, most
available und bust.
With nnnnxation tho penal
Jauuu it, our .: ..trnut -yriioni diu
and the question iirlsoi can wo
Until BUocoHHfully ctiltiviitii augur f
After tho umuuuiputioii of itluvnry
in Jamaica dm sugar industry
poriMhml, Tliu negro would not
work for tliu ronton Hut' bountiful
(Jontlmutt un ,f(h I'u'jt, ,
REGATTA DAY IS NEAR
AM, thhi:i: M.tllt Mil, l, ROW IN
Nj-nopal oTIhe PrnsrHin of I'.trnU In
Hie llnrlior on v,.,irinlirr IN-
Jinny t;nali 1'rlxr.
Four weoka from next Saturday
will bo Regatta day,- a public
holiday by an act passed by the
last Jgislntiiro. Tho comraitteo
appoiutud by the three boat clubs
to take charge of the arrange
ments, O.B.Gray of tho Hoalauis,
C. S. Crane of the MyrtleB and
Cupid Kalaniauaole of tho Lei
lanis nro hard at work perfecting
their .program and attending to
other jieceBsary mnttors connected
with it. Mr. Gruy is chairman of
tbe committee and Mr. Crano
In response to questions Mr.
Gray said this morning:
"Yon can assure tho public that
a fine day's B"port is in prospect
for llngatta day. You know it has
been decided- to bold the cham
pionship lacos over the Pearl City
coursB on September 11, tho 'Sat
urday before Kegatta day. There
were many good reasons 'for this
action whioh need not be discuss
ed now. All three of the clubs
will enter crows for both senior
and junior events. This is settled
aud thore will bo no backing out.
Tho crews and substitutes are all
practising daily. 1 cannot give
vou the namos of tbo crows now
becauso they have uot been finally
Helocted by the captains. Most of
the hard work of preparation will
be douo in tho . harbor hero,
but it is likely tho six
crews will go down to Pearl
City a few days boforo the race,
ho as to accustom tueraHelvos to
tbe water. Thore will bo no
chance of a squithhlo about boats
this year, for all throo clubs havo
signed an agreement to use their
Australian lupcdruuk working
Bhells in tbo races. Each club
has one of theso boats aud they
are idontical, so no one club cau
say another won beuauso of a bet
tor boat. It will bo Bimply a
question of merit.'.'
"What events have been ar
ranged for Regatta day?" asked
"Well, tho priucipal one will
bo a six oarod sliding seat barge
raco for which all threo clubs
have agreed to enter. A good
cash prize will be offered for this.
Indeed wo want to offer good
cash prizes for all tho events.
While we have not fully decided
on our program, and cannot until
we ascertain the amouut of money
at our disposal, you may say there
will be first aud second class
yaoht races early in the morning,
ad well aH oveuts for raon of-war's
boats, surf boats and canoes. The
boat boys will have a race for
theit 6S,jeoial bonitfit, as will the
crews of the island steamers.
There will probably be a special
raco for crews from sailing vessels
in port. The desire of the com
mittee is to inject us much rival
ry as possiblo into nil the events;
for iustauco wo want the polico,
natives, raou-of-war aud boiitboys
to outer agaiust eacli other aud
make the races exciting.
"We havo abundant assurauco
that tho regatta will bo fully equal
to that of last year, but wo would
like to make it much better. Wo
shall call on tho public for sub
scriptions in a few days aud mueh
will dopond nu how it responds;
tho morn money wo get tho moro
prizes we can offer aud tho bettor
"I forgot to mention that thero
will he tub races and swimming
and diving events, The Myrtles
and Hoalauis will knot) opeu
Iiouhu during tliu day unci if port
sibln tho use of the Paoillu Mail
wharf will bu scum rod for HpuuU
torn, It is likely tho HiialaiiU
mid Myrtle will wind up tho day
with dunning, Tim regular
monthly hop of tho IlimliinU
iiniiiMit nit on Anoint -7, u you
uru prolmbly it win u."
NEWS OF THE BIG ISLAND
WITH ttOTKH THK WAV ON
ItOARD THK KINAU.
I I'rrpnrluir for Ihe'Elrrtlnn llrmt ol
' I'riKrr-WlcomKnln In
There was a mass meeting of
voters at tho Court House in Hilo
last Saturday ovoning. Thus far
there aro six local caudidates for
representatives and senators.
Among these are G. K. Wilder
and A. B. Loobenstein, J. M.
Janes and Blacow. With any
amount of opposition the coming
election promisos to be a closoly
contested and interesting one.
The Annie Johnson, Matson
master, left Hilo for San Fran
cisco on Monday the 16th with
about 28,000 bags of sugar. Thore
were two passengers C. 8. Brad
ford and Mr. Kelahaw of Lob
The Roderick Dhu is about due
with a large cargo of gonoral
merchandise. The Genosta, with
a cargo of N. W. lumber for tho
Hilo. Mercantile Co., is also ex
pected, besides .the Nokomis with
a cargo for H. Haokfeld k Co.
By a score of 15 to 14 the Hilos
defeated tbe Olaas last Saturday
at Hilo, in one of the most inter
esting gamos it has been the for
tune or your correspondent to
witness. Up to the 8th inning
the Olaas were in tho lead but in
the ninth the Hilos scored ani ox
tro run, ttius winuing the game.
It bas been raining abundantly
in Hilo district and from Hama
kua it is reportod that good rains
have improved matters generally.
The last of the six new roads
streets rather of the Puueo soo-
tion of Greater Hilo, is now being
graded. It is duo to Mr. Desky's
energy that such a desirable resi
dence suburb has been added to
Hilo and good streets opened.
Tho now Misonio block on the
comer of Waiauuenue aud Bridge
streets is fast approaching com
pletion. It will bo oue of tho
handsomest blocks in Hilo.
The re grading, widening and
macadamizing of Wuianueuue
street is progressing rapidly, aud
whon completed the title of "Ave
nuo" will bo no misnoraor.
Mr. E. E. Richards, wife nnd
sou are aboard this boat and will
proceed to Kona by the Mauna
Loa, which thoy hope to catch to
uight at Labaiua, Mrs. Richards
and son will sojourn at the home
of Mr and Mrs. L. Aungst, while
Mr. E. E. will return to Hilo
The Kiuau has aboard her a
big crowd of passengers, probably
tbo largest number on the down
trip tuts eeuson. TLete are judge
nnd sheriff, lawyers, doctors,
teachers, foreign representatives,
clerks, drummers, about six plan
tation managers, etc The sea is
smooth and there is u very good
attendance at table. As your cor
respondent Bits here in the smok
ing room jotting' theso lines,
there is buiug played a quiet
game of poke, Thero is apparent
ly no stake but then your corres
pondent is no mind render. Tho
players aro from distant portions
of Hawaii nui. liakalau, Hilo,
Naalehu aud Kaauinana are
Genial "Commodore" Bookloy
is happy this trip. If you want
to sco a frown ou his haudsnmo
young face just mention oiily
whisper, "chaintmgiie," aud busi
ness calls G. O. Bockloy to an
other part of the Kiunu.
Thero aro on board about 12
pooplo connected with the disbar
nieiitsuit against uttorneys Wake
field and Wise, the hearing of
which conies up tomorrovt' boforo
the .Supreme Gout t.
Wyuiaii, an American journa
list, is aboard, Jlilo anil to the
I IIhIh, U alio'inl. lie has boon
I through Hilo and In tho
I negro iiiiiiilgrHtioii Helntiim mid
i inlwi vluHi'd fcuvurul iiiiiiiaguru of
plantations as to tho desirability
of eouring negro labor.
As we pass along tho Hawaii
eoaet it is noted that Pepeckeo,
Papaloa, llukaiau andPaauilo nro
There was a danco given on tho
occasion of tho opening of tho
Hilo Mercantile Co.'m new store
last Saturday evoniug. A high
nmo was enjoyed by all.
, WoAhave justcotne in sight of
we wreoK or too Liikoiike what
romain1 of it. It is now high
and dry up on the bare Kohala
Oil the Inst nn trin nf Mm Ki'nnn
your corrospondeud unexpected ly
dropped in on Mr. Irving Schoen
an ex-Hiloite and found that
same gontloraan within the
four walls of tho Wilder storo at
Mahukoua. Ho seems hnppy
oven among tho unsociable
deaf and dumb Mahukona rocks.
Irving now takes elocutionary
lessons by himself ovory morn
ing, noon and eve.
The Kinau has just stopped at
Kawaihao, whore it has taken in
about .5)0 head cattle aud 300
sheep. The cattlo are extra fat
and do jnstico to tho quality of
fodder they havo had ibCoiitly ""
baro Eawaibae rocks.
While ashore your correspon
dent came across a number of
celebrities. Wilmont Vreden
borg was thero with his buck
board. Geo. Kaiser was on time
with his stage to pick up pas
songers. Kaiser's stage is a great
convenience for the travelling
fiublic. He moots tho Kinau
every np and down triD. and his
fare for all points between Ka
waihao to Houokaa via Waimea is
reasonable Judge Mahuka was
there aUo aud ati fat tit, oui'.
Thore is no denying tho judge
has a fat job.
Furthor your correspondent
came across the omnipreseut en
gineer, W. W. Bruuor, who bad
just arrived in order to take pis
sage on the boat to Mahukona,
where he will! supervise tho build
ing of somo new roads.
At Mahukona tho Kamohame
ha band and Glee club came
aboard ou their way to Lahaiua.
The Kinau is just in Bight of
Honolulu and your correspon
dent closes with tho assertion that
this bas been tho finest trip he
ovor mado on this boat.
Camarinos Refrigerator: Nec
tarines, Grapes, Cherries, Peach
es, Apricots, Plums, Asparagus,
Rhubarb, Gooseberries, Currants,
Celery, Cauliflower, Fresh Salmon,
Flounders, Crabs, Frozen Oysters
I tin and shell), Navol Oranges,
jemons, Queen Olives, Early
Rose Potatoes, Pickles, Sauer
kraut, Now Apples, Bartlott Pears.
California. Fruit Makket.
AlUjtuoy W. A. Kiunoy n)tur
ed from Hilo yesterday whore he
has been representing a number
of plantations before the Tux Ap
HlglRSi 'Honors WorW'i Pritf
Gold Medal, Midwintcr.Fair.
MOST PERFECT MADE t
A jiuro flrup'. C.mra 1 1 Tcrtu 1' Jr.
I'r, (mm AiiiiiiuiiU, Alum m uny ollixr
mlullnMiiL In till tliu Rnt llulvU, I ho
Ici.llnc CIuIh bii'I I liu Uomc-4, Dr. I'ne-t's
Civaui lUklng TiiMTilur hoMu lu luprumiuj,
40 Vtars Iht Btmdird,
Amu. u, lliinouu.u, IX, J,
& CO, M