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TMJf EVEN1M M J i il HONOLULU, D. I., SEPTEMBER 9, 1899.
DEFENSES OF SAN JUAN
Narrow Channel Is Protected by
I Many Batteries.
"Military Notes ou Porto Hico," re
tcntly lteued liy tlio inllitnry iuformu
lion division of tho wnr depnrtment for
tho iufornintlou of tlio army, hns the
follow lug description of Sun Juan:
Tlio cnpltnl of Porto Rico is tdtnntcd
an thu nortbern coast, on n long nnd nar
row islnnd, sopnratod from the uiuln
fcluiid nt ouo cud by a shallow nrui of
tlio tea, over which Is tbo bridgo of San
Antonio, conuocttuK it with tho main
land, which runs out nt this point in n
long Baud spit, some nluo in Hob lu
length, apparently to ineot tho smaller
islands. At tlio other tlio island ends lu
ragged blnlT or promontory somo hun
dred fcot high nnd throo-fourths of n
wilo distant from tho main island.
This promontory is crowned by Morro
Cnstlu, tho principal fortification of tho
town. Tho form of tho cnttlo in that of
an obtuo a mile, with tlirco tiers of
lattericn, placed ono nbovo tlio other,
toward the n'n, thulr 11 res crossing each
Cthir. Toward tho city it has n wall,
flanked by two bastions of heavy artil
lery, which dominates all of tho inter
mediate, spaco, which has tho name of
Jlotro, mid also part of tho city aud the
north Mmo ot tho wn. It has tho uhuiiI
Lai ruck'., largo water tanks, ware
holers, chapel and tho nccensary ofilccs,
all bombproof. A mino descends from
it to tho Fcnthoro through tho entrance
Cf tho port, its iFMio buiUK defended by
a battery. This enables troops to cuter
end h-nvo tho castlo.
Theroin a rovolvlug llghthoueo placed
ou tho top of tho castlo, risiug to ii
height of 170 feet nbovo tho level of the
ui At tho western end of tho Island
en which ban .lnan is situated is the
nitiuiiLO to tbo harbor. Ou the rlglu
tank is tlio castlo of San Juau do In
Cm., situated ou tho Ccudco shoal
wliu h is very dangerous during n north
wind. Tho chaunol is narrow, with c
rt ( l.v liottnm, ho closo under tho bend
l.iinl that n.io can almost leap atshon
Jioui a i-is'-iiik vcsfoI. Tho wuter ben
is Mima itu Ii 1 1 deep. To n mariner un
bciiiiunted with tho locality or when i
"umber' is blowing tliN entnuico i
ouo of difllculty and danger.
NorthiaM if tho city is tho well con
strutted ciictlo of 8au Cristobal, fncitif.
tlio oiiiiii It defends tho city en tin
laud t-ldc, orcupylug tlio wholo widtl
cf tho ti'let from tho buy to tlio outi
ten. iointinjx its flro in nil directions
Its structure! is accommodated to tin
iiatmo (if tbe ground, which isuiincu
i.li'iuutt fium tho northern oroutirst;
part uf tbe li.iy On tho highest part o
the lull is tiiu ramp, through whic!
the t'UKtlu ix intcrcd. It has two largi
liomlprnot barracks nnd everything nee
es&ary in thu way of olllco and store
room. Upon tbeso bnrracks is erected
tho Calm Hero fort, with 23 cannon
whoso tiro nominates tho city nud itt
Vicinity on laud and sen.
l.'elow tho castlo is tho drill ground
With battiries dirocted toward tho sea
tho laud nnd tho drawhridgo of thu in
tenor fosso Then follow thrco largi
ravolins Ban Curios, occupying tin
top of tho hill; Priucipo, situated on
tho slopo of tho Oucstu, aud Principal
on which is situated tho drawhridgo ot
tho second tosse, giving issue to tin
cuunter trem-lies, to tho covered way
nnd to the Hold, which is reached
through tho gato of Santiago. All ot
these fortifications niu in great part cut
out of solid rock, and from tho sen thoy
Olfer to tho viewthroo tiers of batteries,
Ouo abovo tho other, thoir flro being
thrown in all directions. This castlo is
connected with Morro Castlo on thi
north by n wall of modem construction,
thero having been nothing ou that side
until tho end of tho past century but u
low ImttrrieH, owing to tho knowledge
that thoroughness of tho coast rendered
unnecessary any greater fortification to
proviut n landing.
, Starting from tho southern part of
San Cmtulnil Castlo aud following tin
edgo of the buy, a lino of bulwarks i
encountered, being thoso of Santiagi
nnd tun 1'ulro, thu curtain being inter
TUftul by tlio Hspnua gntu, after whloL
lolluw thu bulwark of San.lustonnd tin
pate of tbo Mint) imiiio, which forms at
ore i iindoi I lm curtain. Tlnu follow tin
hall bulwark of Sun Justo, thu bulwark
of I .a l'lilinii, or Sau Jose, tho platform
Of I Miiceri'iou. to tho half bulwark nud
fori rest ol Niutn Ciitnlinn, tho residttice
ii i lie iiipuiiii general. Kroin tho for
tn to IL- half bulwark of San Angus
liu tn the ' -i st is found tho gato of bun
Jiimi nud then tho platform of Santa
Jllcim Tho San Cristobal outworks con
fist of it rnl.iu rostiiig ou tho highest
pui t of tbo ;(Wis of Sau Cristobal, aud
ui!'"il Poit Attiuiou (fuu), on account of
tur. in, i it form, Between tho towu
nuii i ne . tin Antonio bridgu aro thrco
mull advanced linos. Ono consists of n
miming dilehand tho other two of loop
holed batteries. At tho head of tho
bridgo Ih mtuntcd tho Sau Antonio foit.
Un tho extreme east of tho islet nnd
near tho bridgo abovo mentioned there
is n small fort called Sau Geroniino,
which defends tho passago over tho
bridgo. Iktweeii Morro Castlo nnd tho
uuith coas,t near Palo Seco there is in
the middle- of tho ontrnuco to tho bay n
email fort railed Conuolo. It is oblong,
well leu titled und by Its position obliges
vessols attempting to forco nn ontrancu
to tho port to push llttlo out of rillo
rpngo between its liro nud that of Morro
Castlo. Formerly, uud in enso of wur, n
-hnin wnH thrown out between this mid
rro Cnstlo to vIomi tho entrance to the
ftor ronndlug tho bluff ono Audi
d beautiful bay, landlookcd
ood donth of ivator. which
Is being Increased hy dredging. It Is by
for thi" bet harbor lu Porto Rico, nud
probably "as good a ouo as can bo found
in tho Wist Indies.
However, it has lt drawbacks. Tho
"boca," or cntranco to tho harbor, Is a
mass of seething, foaming water lu a
high uorthorly wind and preeuits an
imposing spectacle To sco steamers of
10 to 18 feet draft enter Into a sovcro
"norther" Is n sight to bo remembored,
its thu great waves lift them up nnd
seem about to hurl them forward to do.
struction. Tho Island upon which tho
city stands is shaped much Ilka an arm
and band. It Is nbout 3J miles long
Hid averages less than ono-fnurth of a
inilo in width. Tho greatest width Is a
llttlo over half n milo, in tho portion
tepiescnting tho hand, which nlso con
tains tho major part of tho city Tho
mountains of Bayomon, which lio to
tho southwest of Sau Juan, aro distant
about eight to ten kilomotcrs in n
straight lino from tho city, and can bo
surmounted from tho south. To reach
them it is necessary to disembark to the
west of Sau Juan, ou tho north coast of
tho Island, between tho towns of Dorado
and Palo Seco. Theso mountains com
mand tho city.
Sau Juan is n perfect specimen of n
walled town, with portcullis, moat,
gates aud battlements. Tho wnll sur
rounding this town is defended by soy
cral batteries. Facing tho harbor are
thoso of San Fernando, Santa Catnllua
and Santa Toribio. Looking toward tho
laud sldo is Fort Abanlco, nud toward
tho ocean tho batteries of San Antonio,
San Joso aud Santa Tcrosa and Fort
Prlnccsa Thu laud part has two ditches,
or cuts, which aro easy to inundate.
Tho fort nud bridgo of San Antonio,
thoso of Sun Ocrouimo, nud tbo L'ecum
bron battery nro situntcd on n tonguo of
land which enters tlio sea. Uullt over
2B0 years ngo, tho city is still in good
condition nud repair. Tho walls uro pic
turesque and represent n s tupeudous
work and cost in themselves Inside
tho walls tho city Is laid ofT lu rcgulai
squares, six parallel streets running in
thu direction of tho length of tho island
aud seven at right angles.
Tho peninsula ou which Sau Juau ii
situated is connected with the uinitiliuit
by thrco bridges. Tho oldest, that ot
Sau Antonio, carries tho highway across
tho shallow Sau Autoulo chaiiuul It is
a stono arched bridgo nbout U50 yards
long, including tho approaches liy tho
sldo of this bridgo is ouo for tho rail
road nud ono for tho tramway which
follows tho main military highway to
Amoug tho buildings tho following
aronotablo: Tho pulaco of thu captain
general, tho paluco of tho iutendeucia,
tho town hall, military hospital, jail,
Bnlluj.'i barracks, theater, custom house,
cathedral, episcopal palaco and semi
nary. There Is but llttlo manufactur
ing, and it is of siuull luiportanco. Tho
Standard Oil compauy has it small re
finery across tho bay, lu which crudo
petroleum brought from thu United
States is refined. Matches nro mndo,
somo brooms, n llttlo soap nud a cheap
class of trunks. There aro also ico, gas
nud elcotrio light works. Tho climate
Ih warm aud agrecablo for nlno mouths
of tho year, although ouo is subject,
from tho sudden changes, to cold aud
catarrh. Tho natives aro particularly
susceptiblo to this class of. ailment and
to consumption and bronchitis. Tho lol
lowing authorities aud corporations
liavo their residcuco in tho capital: A
lieutenant general, n field marshal, sec
ond in command in tho proviuco and
governor ot tho garrison; a brigadier
general of tho navy, chief of tho niari
tlmo province, ono of engineers aud an
other of artillery, n bishop of tho dio
cese, a sublutcudaut, a subiuspector of
military sanitation, judgo advocate,
war commissary, colonel, subiuspector
of tho torcio of civil guard uud a co
uiaudancia of tho sumo, as well as ot
artillery nnd engineers, n court, provin
cial deputation nnd treasury adminis
tration. A submnriuo cablo connects
tho island with Kingston, Jamaica.
Now York Pi ess.
HINTS FOR MY LADY.
Trifles Which Add to the AttrmctlreneH
of the Toilet.
Gnlloons nnd bands of trimming In tho
oriental stylo nro ngnln worn, so tho cash
muro bands laid awny by thrifty women
when such decorations werodroppod nbout
ton years ngo mny bo brought out ngnln
nnd will bo found ns useful as ovor. Thoy
will servo on wrnps or on woolen gowns.
Ioiig chains nro still worn nnd forTO to
uspond n bag purso, n lorgnette, or n fan,
being often nllowed to hnng fro, In which
caso they nro muuh In tho way. Thoy may
Natuo For a Dog.
"So you cnll your dog Duwoy, do youf
It seems to mo that ho's n vory lionioly
looking cur to bo honored with such a
"But Dowoy Is nn especially appropriate
namo for this dog."
"It doesn't mnttorwhot ho hnppons to
bo doing, ho's nhvays ready to susjiend
operations for breakfast. " Chicago News.
A lllut lu 1'lnno Student!.
Ill older to keop your piece In first
class playing condition, give nt least
oik e n week u thorough practico, hands
separately aud hands together, at n slow
tempo By following tills pructico you
will hoon b.ivo n largo repertory of
pieces, which you may bo proud of.
hxtrurt Prom a Putura Itecard.
Tho gcntlomau from Porto Rico
raised his uv0s toward tho frescoed coil
lug uud begged tho spcakor to hear him
while ho asked for recognition in tho
river uud harbor bill. Chicago Inter
Mvely In Iti Old Ace.
Santiago is nearly -100 yearn old, but
tho vcuorablo city has had a livelier
tlmo within tho last two mouths than
lu all thu former period of Its history.
St. Louis (Jlobo-Doniocrat.
How to Make Hair Tonic
Plicnio acid, 2 grnms; tincture of
mix vomica, 1 grnms; tluoturo of
red chiuehoiia, 110 grnms; tincturo of
cautharides, 2 grnms; oologno, 180
grams; sweut almond oil, GO grams.
Apply to tho roots of tho hair with a
soft pongo onco or twice n day. This
h i i Ih especially good for very dry
LITTLE O tllL'HOOWK.
nlso bo used for n watch chain, but the
watch Is then tucked Into tho belt or bod
ice, of course.
Tho em plro comb has lost nono of Its
prestige mid U Immensely worn, both In
tlio pluln and ornamental varieties Now
Mint huts nro tipped down In front tho
comb, standing erect nt tho back, holds
them lu plneo. Tho hair Is worn rntlier
high ngnln, leaving the back of tho neck
Tho engagement ring Is worn on tho
third finger of tho right hond In Franco
and Is most often n tn-nrl surrounded by
diamonds or else n sapphire
Tho little girl's costumo shown In tho
illustration Is of siherurny voile and has
n plain skirt Tlio blntiso bod Ico npons
over n chemisette of pink foulard hav
ing n pnlntid yoke of cream gulpuro nnd
cro-scd diagonally by a black satin ribbon.
Tho sleeves nro plain, nnd tho full slcon
caps nro of gray ollo Tho rollnr Is of
pink foulard, tlio Imltof black satin. A
gray straw hat Is worn, which Is trimmed
with black vchetund pink feathers.
MOUSSELINE DE S01E.
Mnjr AttrartlTe Trltiinilnr and Aeeea
orlo Mnde of Title Material.
Chemisettes nro often uuuloof inousso
llno do sole, which Is laid In flat tucks, the
thread being then drawn so that the tuck
Is milled nud stnnds up llko n llttlo crest.
Shirred sleeves aro frequently Hindu In tho
satuo way, which has mi excellent effect
for slender arms Incrustations ot gulpuro
and lnco aro nlso a favorite decoration for
thin goods nnd nro so delicately applied
that thoy seem to Iki a part of tlio material.
Thoso Incrustations may bo so arranged
K'f BaVafta iaT
uid combined ns to form highly novel ih
algus, qulto different from that of tho lac.
before It Is cut uway und incrustod upon
Among tho latest novoltlcs must be
mentioned tho dlreotolro scarf, which
passes around tho nook or shoulders and Is
carried undor tho bolt In front, falling In
long ends on tho skirt. They nro com
posed of plnln or Incrusted motissollno de
solo, tullo or silk crupo and preferably no
oomnnny light, slniplo gowns, ns they
would merely Inoumbor n much trimmed
Tho out lllustrntoa nprlncoss costumo of
rod foulard with a white design. Tho
ilclrt has a docp graduated flounco, houd
edby nn application of whlto gulpuro, nnd
a coqulllo of laco follows tho closing nt tho
loft sldo. The front of tlio bodlco Is full
There Is a yoko of gulpuro nnd n trim
mlng of ruflles of lnco nnd rod satin bows
fnstonod by gold buckles. Tho sloovos aro
guipure. Tho hut ot yellow straw U
adorned with cherries nnd whlto mouso
llut) du sola Junta Cuolllt.
B. W. JORDAN'S
Art Departmemit ti
Is Replete with Latest Designs in
Stamping, Drawn Work
EiararaiaiaisMajararaiBiaicMaisiaaaiaaMoiioiisia isAfajeMSiiaisisisMaiaiaEiaiaajaisi raiaareMaiiajajaiaiasraiaiaai
-ssfull LINES OF,.
Washable Embroidery, Silks, Stamped
Linens, Cushion Tops, etc.,
ALWAYS IN STOCK.
No. 10 Fort St., Up Stairs.
WITH THE CITY FDRMTDRE STORE.
Good Embalming a Specialty. A full stock
of the latest and best undertaking goods
and paraphernalia, including several Black
and White Hearses.
I Office, 534 536 Fort St., Love Building.
I " TELEPHONE 846. NIGHT BELL ON DOOR.
Residence 777 Fort St., near Vineyard St. Telephone and Night Call, 849.
The Old Hell at Bomaye, ladrona
Island. Cast In 1680.
byroduccd from an Illustration la
Oa to UaalU."
" " -
A Native ITonse In the I.aclronc Islnnds.
Drawn fcgin an UlutUatigu lu " On to MaulU,1
' i -flaitebi i.jte - r v t:.