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mm, . s K ' ' v ftp.1, 12 THE EVENING BULLETIN: HONOLULU, H. I., NOVEMBER 18, 1899. v 11. m ' H&. t w. v-r ir MORGAN WANTS AHTION i K&lSL UN UIJLCU KUAU 1,w"v"" """" " MM " ill'; Satisfactory Results of the Experiments in IB Southern California. County and road supervisors In Southern California are unanimous In llio belief that tho problem of excel lently macadamized roads at a small cost lias at last been solved, and that solution of It has been attained through tho application to them of crude oil. There aro now nearly a bundrcd miles of road In the several counties of tho southern part of the Btate which have been treated In this manner, and so pronounced In ovcry Instance and particular has been tho success of tho tilal that there Is no doubt that nearly a thousand miles will be put under contract for tho treatment during tho coming year. It has been found that to placo roads In condition through tho use o foil is cheaper than maintaining them In half condition during a slnglo season by sprinkling With water. And when a road has onco been put Into condition with oil It ro Culres but slight additional expendi ture to keep it so. On all of the main highways In Los Angeles county oil-coating Is now ap plied. Many of them havo but patches of It, half a mllo or a mllo In extent, the oil bclni; used upon It to test the effect It will have upon earths of dif ferent character and upon roads of Tarylng qualities. It has been found that whero the road had on even, hard foundation .smooth nn clear from ruts, and about two Inches of dust on the urface, upon this rond tho oil Is a complete success and gives a surface as polished, clean and clear as an asphalt trect Whero tho soil Is clayey, though tho surfaco Is rutty, It will maintain tho hard character of tho ground, allay all dust, and provent fur ther decay by resisting tho formation Of mud, tho oily and Impervious ground holding tho water In tho ruts until It dries out nnd preserving the earth be neath from becoming saturated with It. On a road of deep, looso sand, how over, tho oil appears to show little benefit, though opinion Is yet divided as to whothcr or not repeated appli cations of It upon surfaces of this character would not ultimately so pack tho sand as to make It a hard, tight body. Those who claim it would not, point to the fact that tho wheels cut into tho oiled sand as before, whllo those who think It would pack believe the sand, when applied to streets In tho city, would como to bo much tho amo as bituminous rock, which Is nothing moro than sand thoroughly aturated with bitumen. This sub stance, when npplled to hard surfaces, packs readily . It is a fact, however, that tho sand road does not predominate in Califor nia, und that the most common high way has n hard foundation composed cf clay with a dust covering worn froir the surfaco which will blow away with tho wind, nnd thereby cnuso moro dust to bo released fiom the surfaco,, ns a result of which action tho road Is eaten down, becomes rutty and "worn out." With this character of road, es pecially bcfoio tho ruts get Into It, the oil is a lasting boon, lloads which havo ruts should bo repaired bcfoio being treated, and on sandy stretches tho sand should bo removed or over come, oven though it might bo neces sary to spread upon tho surfaco a layer of clay and roll It down beforo applying tho oil. A good piece of oiled road Is exem plified in the Pasadena main turnpike. As displayed upon this road, tho oil converts tho f.no clay Into a sort of as phaltum. This Is soft nnd gummy without belnc; sticky, nnd gives an olastlc surface over which tho wheels pass without cutting, grinding or wearing tho soil. Tho elasticity of this cushion lenders vehicles passing over it almost noiseless, and has rid persons residing on tho sides of a groat nulsanco which they heictoforo endur ed In tho laeket of tho wagons rum Ming along tho pike, further than this, horbes travel bottor upon It, for' not only do the. whcols movo with loss I'MTtlnn from tho animal, but tho sur 1w W epflu" upon their hoofs and less soaring on tho shoes. Besides all this, tho color of the road is dark and rest ful to tho eyes, and It does not reflect that glaro which fonnercly ,was Its charactcilstlc whenever tho sun shono upon It, as tho many swollen oyes of persons driving over It havo ofttlmes abundantly testified. Ono hundred barrols of oil, per rnllo, spread over nn aren eighteen foot In width, will put a road In condition along tho oxtont of tho ollod surfaco, nm plvo an, oxcellcnt roadway, ade quate for orftlt'iniy trafllcl. Tho oil is iput on In three applications; tho first nt tho rate of sixty- bam3 per mile, nnil Um two mibosqu. ii t i m nts at the into of tvmu fox-jclj J r mllo each. Oicat faro muct ho ta'.-.'.n In de livering tho oil. It should bo hot when discharged, and poured upon a hot sur faco, so that tho work of tho oil sprinkling Is confined to tho heat of the day. Tho oil cannot bo poured on In discriminately .but must be drilled In to tho dust as wheat Is drilled Into land prepared to rccelvo It. It It Is not so applied, the oil will not saturate evenly tho dust area, but will lie In splotches, run togothcr, and bo mako a very Imperfect success, cither as a Job of sprinkling or as an oiled sur faco. In order to meet the requirements, a machine has been devised which, whllo It does not by any means limit the field for Inventions of this sort, neverthe less supplies a want In this direction. A big tank, mounted on four wheels, drags a sort of tender-box supported by two wheels, Into which Is run from a tank supplies of oil. This box has a furnace beneath It which heats the oil, and attached to It Is a drag, Jooklng something llko a hay rake. A number of curved rods or fingers go out from tho bottom, nnd theso aro drawn through tho dust and along tho road. They mark llttlo furrows In tho dust nnd into these furrows, through a se ries of pipes, Is discharged tho oil. A second finger or sort of thumb ar rangement fixed farther back, turns the dust over the oiled furrow, nnd tho surfaco Is then left to absorb, a process which requires about an hour to effect. A roller Is then drawn over tho oiled width .and tho first treatment is com pleted. Contracts for the threo treatments aro taken nt from $205 to $270 per mile, according to tho prlco of oil nnd tho character of tho surface to be worked. Dut even at this rato tho cost Is not over G cents per running foot of tho elghtccn-feet width, nnd of this sum, under tho general regulations, tho county pays one-third and tho property owners on the road on each side pay each one-third. Under this arrange ment It would cost nn owner $2 to put In condition tho rond In front of 100 feet of land, and this Is about what It now costs him to havo the road sprink led with water throughout the dry sea son. Ono saturation will keen the road in repair during years succeeding tho first threo treatments.and this applica tion requires but twenty barrels to tho mile. Its cost to the adjacent owners of land Is but 40 cents per 100 feet of road, and there Is maintained a most excellent driveway. Ono lmmnillntn rnlf nf tl.n ,l !,,.- cry has been to rnlso tho prlco of oil. Happily n vast oil district is Immedi ately in tho middle of tho region In which tho oiled roads are being spread, nnd oil therein Is tho most accesslhlo of commodities. Nevertheless, tho hasto of many counties to mako con tracts for tho future delivery of oil. has driven up tho prlco of tho mater ial 10, and oven 20 cents nnr h.irrl. This has Increased thp cost of the work mm out by tho town of Itcdlnnds to fiom S201.7C per mllo to S2G7 ner mlln nnd this notwithstanding tho town has purchased its own sprlnkllne nlnnt. and Is doing tho work itself. Tho Idea of oiling roads Is said to havo originated In tho oil regions of Pennsylvania, and to havo been due to tho accidental saturation of a pleco of roadway with the fluid. If this Is true, It is In California that tho Idea has received Its most extensive appli cation. NmvJjyonIngPost. MAN WITH TU: HOC I'OIIMA Competitors for tho prizes of $500, 5200 and $100 offered by "Itesponslbll ty " nnd guaranteed by the Sun nro re minded that tho tlmo for tho submis sion of mnnustrplts expired on October IB. All of tho poems orferedjn competi tion havo bpon turned over to a re sponsible porson. Ho asks us to heir Indulgence In his behalf If a number of lettois of lnquliy as to conditions - mnln unanswered, now' that tho tlmo has oxplrcd. Tho poems nctualy submitted ham not been counted yet, but the number Is considerably over 1000. Thoy have como from ovcry section of ouiown country, many from Canada, and somo from Mexico. Tho labor involved in tho examination of these can bo Ima gined when It Is understood that over a hundred thousand Hues of poetry will havo to bo read and critically estimat ed. Tho present absence from town of ono of tho Judges and tho recent Ill lies') of another may occasion a slight delay In tho adjudication. Now York Sun. Tip mil of honor among the nn tion's ck-fmilers is given -in On Tj Manila. Washington, Nov. 6. "Congress should at once take action In relation to tho Philippines," said Senator Mor gan tonight "This action should bo taken In the discharge of tho duty I in posed by Section i, Artlclo 4 of tho Constitution, which provides that the United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government." Asked whether ho favored a Congres slonal committee to visit tho Philip pines and study the conditions thero before attempting to framo a system of government, ho replied: "I think it would bo wlso to have such a commission visit the islands If wo had undertaken to framo n govern ment for Hawaii without tho study of local conditions which our commission made, I think It Is probnblo that wo would havo niado somo egregious blunders. This study of conditions and of tho peculiar characteristic? and needs of tho people Is oven more neces sary In tho enso of tho Philippines thnn In Hawaii, because wo knew loss of iho Philippines." In the Senator's opinion the Govern ment of tho United States should have charge of tho external relation? of the islands, of collecting nnd expending tho revenues, nnd of all matter) re lating to tho Islands as a group, whllo tho local affairs should bo confided as far as posslblo to tho people of the dif ferent localities. In this connection Jio spoke of the townBhlp system of tho New Kngland States as the highest ideal of local self-government. Tho question of who should havo the right to vote would havo to bo deter mined by Congress, and In this connec tion th6 Senator called attention to tho fact that In tho first instanco tho deter mination of who shall havo tho suf frage in tho States and Territories or ganized under tho United States un arbitrary act, In somo places men only being allowed to vote, In others men and women, and in others various qual ifications being prescribed. WHY BRYAN WILL PAIL. No argument remains for Bryan ex cept to nppeal to former supporters to stand by him so that ho can go Into next year's convention with his" own stato still behind him. Nobraska would bo today as strongly Republican as Kansas If It wcro not for a foolish sen timent about an Individual, and one, too, who has been decisively beaten. Bryan mado his best posslblo run In 189C. Nebraska's fusion majority was greater that year than It has been since. Last ear the majority dwind led to almost nothing. Politics in Nebraska, as elsewhere, Is worth nothing unless It rests upon questions of principle. Bryan's prin ciples havo been rejected by tho coun try and will bo rejected moro emphati cally than beforo If submitted to pop ular Judgment. His advlco to Nebraska threo yenra ago was admittedly bad In oveiy lebpect. Every prediction ho made about tho future has been falsi fied. Tho country would havo sunk deep In disaster by taking tho road ho pointed to as the only ono leading to good times. If Nebraskans regard Bryan as a trustworthy political guldo they must bo strongly constituted. Tho proof of his fallacies Is beforo them. Nobraska was enormously benefited by his defeat. Theso considerations will occur to voters ns Bryan bounds from station to station, speaking his pleco in favor of a played-out platform. St. Louis Globo-Domocrat. ACCIDENTS WILL HAPPEN. Man wnsn't mado to suffer, but ac cidents will happen, and to meet such cases, Nature designed tho roots, herbs, gums and leaves for tho heal ing of the nation. Nature's way to treat a cut, bruise or a burn, Is to cleanso, draw and heal, and that's tho way Klcknpoo Indian Salvo acts Just as nature acts. It acts that way, be cause It Is Nature's own remedy, com pounded from materials gathered In Nature's lnfnllblo laboratory; unadul terated, pure and simple Tho samo lngredlonts found In Klcknpoo Indlnn Salvo were In uso for centuries before tho Ited Men divulged It to" the Palo face. They healed nations ages ago, they act the Baino today. Hobron Drug Co., agents for tho Klcknpoo In dlan Remedies. Our artist, Ar. W. Y. Itow, is now engaged on a commis sion to color 500 Lantern Slides of Hawaiian subjects. These slides, when completed, will comprise nearly everything ot interest that Hawaii has to show, and will form a very vaiuaoie collection. ' ,., , m KING BROS.;0' 110 Hotel street. LAirt Department j Stamping, Drawn Work EEiaajasisfSiHisrasjaisafSETBiss and Embroideries. fI3EiaJ2IS5Kai3iajel BfiSJiiBISBfaBJSiSiaSEIBBISK Washable Embroidery Silks. Stamped Linens. Cushion Tops, etc., &' ; -- No. 10 Fort St., Up Stairs. Henry H.Williams, FUNERAL DIRECTOR, WITH THE CITY FURNITURE STORE. Good Embalming a Specialty. A full stock of the latest and best undertaking goods and paraphernalia, including several Black and White Hearses. Office, 534 536 Fort St., Love Building. y TELEPHONE 846. NIGHT BELL ON DOOR. it j Residence 777 Fort St., jgiaHGBfeUMIHMBBgBHHHHHHHHgMHHHHBI Old Hell at Snratn, Xadroo , Island. Out lu J68o. Btyrodurad from nn lllnitnUot. let . " M-jflM E. W. JORDAN'S Is Replete with Latest Designs in FULL LINES OF - ALWAYS IN, STOCK. l- w neap Vineyard St. Telephone and Night Call,. 849. , t ,- I.,. , ( i A Native Howe In the T.ndroue lalnnds. Dun ffoui ut UliuUaUou lu '' V to ulu," V?" s w ' ar KMJiem i -Ji' u i 1 A r 4 v: V I T . 4, , , ' 1 ( " l. M Uh .