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THE EVENING BULLLTtN: HONOLULU. H. L, SATURDAY, DEOEMBER 1C, 1899.
THE MODERN WHITE CITY.
How an Exposition Is Organized and Operated, and How It Pre
sents Itself to the Visitor. -
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ixds-DBre ViG-w of tli.3 Om.sul3.si Exposition.
'When an exposition Is to bo licltl in
nn American city a l)cai company Is
organized with capital milllck'nt in
carry on tho prcllmlu inca and pioMa
tho Imlldlngs. Tho llrst difference In
the dlrcctotato Is over lucutiu. be
cause everyone Is Interested In lenity
or has friends whose fortune will bo
touched by pressuro on land values.
There is usually conslderabcl of a row
over this, but finally the detei mined
men in the field take hold nnd by a
few maKtcr strokes designate certain
acres. It is usually the case that there,
is no chance for difference of opinion
over the man to have the title of
President or Director General or both.
It commonly happens that In a gath
ering of Identities of executive ability
one man simply towers nbovo the
others and the leadership goes tp him
without question. There is ono im
portant ofllco about which little is
heard, but It tal;es a man of parts
to fill It. This Is the chairmanship of
the executlvo committee. Thcro Is,
of course, keen rivalry among press
men to get hold of the "bin can of pro
motion and publicity." It oidlnarlly
happens that this department Is as
signed to the pet of tho paper which
made the first printed pioposal for the
exposition and followed up tho sugges
tion till the idea took form. Much of
the success of tho exposition depends
on the man who dispenses tho conces
sions or privileges. He must bo an
Individual of forco, perception and of
the very first business ability. Upon
him depends very largely Indeed tho
finances of tho enterprise. All the
other officials or servants required are
specialists and are to bo had for rath
er slight seeking. When tho American
The exposition buildings and grounds
took up 200 acres, of space n little moro
than three milts from tho center of the
city. Tin eo double-track electric lines
carried people to tho gates. Tho btiuc
ttucs were moro artistic and better ar
ranged, in tho principal group, than
at Chicago, wcro connected by beau
tiful colonnades, which wero missing
at Chicago. Tho illumination on tho
grand court, with tho lagoon as tho
mlddo piece, was far beyond any
thing of tho sort that had been nr.
ranged nnywhero up to that time nnd
has served as tho model for tho light
ing of tho Paris show of next year,
Frenchmen having been sent over to
get the plans by which they might be
enabled to copy nnd excel, If possible.
Tho upper end of tho lagoon was a
basin, 450 feet acioss and nt tho he id
of this stood tho United States Gov
ernment building, white nnd of staff
llto this rest, but moro stately than the
others. All wero rich In surmounting
of statuary and ut the ilomn of this
palaco was an ambitious reproduction
of "Liberty Enlightening tho Woild."
This building was GOO feet long, .'0 feet
deep and 1C5 feet In tho nlr. In the
catnloguo for It were listed 100,000 ar
ticles. Tho other buildings In tho
grand couit were: Kino Arts, Llber.il
Arts, Colonial, Agriculture, Manufac
turing, Machinery nnd Electrluly.
Near this latter was tho Boys' and
Girl's Building, where- babies might bo
checked for ten cents nn hour. 'I he
group was an aichttectural symposium.
Thoro wns nothing In tho way of radi
cal departure in any of tho designing.
At the same time theic was nothing
monotonous about tho cnsenblo, foi
the renson that each building win the
exposition companies wind up their work of a different architect In a dlf-
affairs they are able, as a rule, to pay
back tho stockholders from 85 to 1)5
cents for'evcry dollar invested. It may
be stated as a proven and accepted
conclusion, to dispose of this phase,
that expositions aro good things for
towns If tho people refrain from going
too deeply into what they must know is
a temporary commercial flood. Chl-
cago'a exposition gao that city n
slight set back. Now Orleans was vast
ly benefitted by hor big show. Nash
ville suffered no evil consequences.
San Francisco was not Injured by the
Mid-Winter Fall- on tho contrary, pro
(King handsomely. Omaha's exposition
has done wonders for tho place. Buf
falo Is going to have a flne exposition
In 1901. Philadelphia's commercial
museum congress is a variation, but
has satisfaction and success written
nil over It. The exposition is n trade
and travel stimulant and a promoter
of tho flno and liberal arts nnd the
Omaha's exposition was held during
eight months of 18S8 and 1899 and in
many respects was abend of any of its
predecessors. It was proposed by Ed
ward Rosewater, editor of tho Bee and
tho wheels were set In motion by no
less ft person than Win. Jennings Bry
nn who, as a delegate at a trans- Mis
sissippi congress enlisted nil tho rep
resentative men of tho wide west in
fcrent city. Excellent wJlcf or "bieal."
was afforded in tho grand oouit by the
towersat either end of tho bridge over
the center of the lagojn and respec
thcly called tho Arch of States and (hi
Administration arches. Men who
should know havo passe I ilio Judg
ment that tho monument to the States
of tho Union did not suffer at nil by
comparison with the Dewey Triumphal
Arch of New Yoik city In tho Ad
ministration arch was situated tho
offices of tho show directum or man
agers. Thero were four fast elevators
In tho tower. Near It was tho Sevvlco
Building, housing tho iPi)phi of the
concessions, admissions, publicity and
other bureaus. Opposlta tlu Servlco
Building wns tho International Hall,
whero tho choicest nrt bits from nil
countries wero on view and sale.
Itlght next door to tho Seivlco Build
ing was tho Emergency Hospital, the
police station and ono of tho flro .sta
tions. Tho only other really notable
or largo structures belonging tc the
exposition company woro tho auditor
ium, seating 11,000, tho .transportation
building, covering flvo acres, tho horti
cultural hall, almost as flno as tho gov
ernment building, and tho shell band
stand facing the grand Plaza with its
chairs and benches for as many as
CO.OOO. Thcro wcro used In the con
struction of tho exposition buildings
12,000,000 feet of lumber and tralnload
upon tralnload of glass nnd Iron. Tho
ventilation was perfect, there was
modern plumbing thiotighout nnd
thcro wns provision for heating the
hortlcultuinl hall nnd tlo offices, for
tho exposition was open till November
1 each year. Not far from the Trans
portation Building, which was In n dis
trict some dlstnnco from tho lagoon
and Its suroiundlngs, was a flno raco
track with a largo grand stand. Haul
by wcro big and pretty sheds whero tho
making of butter and chceso and tho
production of honey wero demonstrat
ed. This was all north of tho Imperial
Tho grand plaza, tho neighbor on
the east of the grand court was nearly
In tho middle of tho "Bluff Trnct."
overlooking Cutoff Lake and tho Mis
souri river. On thls'nccrage was tho
camp of tho several hundred Indians
met In" congress, nnd here wero the
State buildings, friendly contribu
tions of other commonwealths to Ne
braska. All wero creditable houses
and all contained ample showing of
tho Bturdlness of tho displaying mem
bers of tho Union. On the Bluff Trnct
also wcro tho "Public Comfort" nnd
"Fiatemlty" buildings. In the former
wero 1 iixui lantly furnished parlors,
with pianos, etc., nil for tho use, chief
ly, of Indies' who might bccoino travel
weary. Tho Fraternity Building was
hcndquoitcrs for all tho seciet socle
ties of tho calendar nnd each ono of
theso had a "day" at somo time or
other nnd pinctlcally owned tho place.
On tho occasion of Piesldent McKln
ley's visit to the cxpostlon ho spoke
nt the grand plaza to 90,000 people.
There wcio three streets of Midway
(sideshows), at tho Omaha Exposi
tion. There wero attractions of every
Imaginable character and of varying
worth or merit. You could rldo a
camel nlong tho Streets of Cairo, go
225 feet nbovo ground In tho Giant Sec
saw, descend to a representation of
the depths of hades in "Darkness and
Dawn; or Heaven nnd Hell," whero
you first had lunch with a coffin for a
table. You could lido on tho Scenic
Ballwny, Shoot tho Chutes, see any
kind of n cycloiama, see n boy "Buried
Alive," see Oay Pnreo or a Beauty
Show or Living Pictures, or Hpfccn
back's Animal Show for shudders nnd
thrills, or tho Old Plantation for fun
or nny one of over half a hundred
moio. Including tho Cuban, Filipino,
Hawaiian, Samoan, Pucito ftlcftn, Ger
man, Swiss, Chlncso and Japanese vil
lages. And thero was a Bplelnr or
shouter or barker outside each nttrns
tlon discoursing most eloquently with
a vlow to superinducing n patting with
n portion of tho coin of tho realm.
But thcro was enough cf show nnd
to sparo without going near tho Mid
way, though It had its sensation and
excitement so dear to many. For the
illumination of tho grand court thcro
was tho blaze and glory of 04,000 In
candescent lights, many of thorn In tho
water and In the flower beda. Ono ob
server, who said ho Bhovld. be disap
pointed If Heaven did not look like the
grand court at night, wnc not deemed
iricverent by the most devout. Ills
description was accepted ns a cry ex
cellent word picture.
Free outdoor cntcitalnmcut was sup
piled by the exposition company to
about 900,000 people during tho months
of July, August, September nnd Oc
tober of this j ear Included: All the
attention one cared to give any mtin
building, or tho landscape gardening,
or the Indian dances, feasts, slum bat
ties and rough riding with genuine LJPIgVATlO
Western cowboys, exhibitions of t t,ht cngon cveryon0 who is m UCSreB t(J
lopo walking across tho lagoon and up i,CCOmo Veil. Those who have impure
In tho territory of tho fluttering Hags or impoprlshcil blood Aura, to Hood's
of nil nations, parades nbout the grand Sarsaparllla; hecauso they know It
oi nn iuuiuub, i..iu wm cmich and puriTr their blood nnd i
court of tho concessionaires nnd thcln them Bo6(UUcnUll To tnl0 UlifJ
employes, Palnc's matchless flroworka, j,,,; 0n the first appsar.inco of V
a rcmarkablo electrical fountain, con- impure- blood Is an Important step to-
. .,!,. onnii .inv bv the a Hlfrcy. ward self-preservation.
...:;.;..., .,.; ,,, imn,i. Hood's Pills cure sick headache, In-
nollstedt nnd other famous
horse races nnd bicyclo races on tho
track, Venetian carnivals on tho la
goon (hero Hawaiian music was voted
tho best of all and hero real Venetians
propelled real gondolas and sang from
Carmen and II Trovatorc.) Acqitatlc
sports In the basin, Including tho 90- J
foot Pilot dive, swimming, canoe and ,
tub laces nnd a representation of tho
destruction of tho United States bat
tleship Maine and tho master of cere
monies hero wns Capt. Louis Sorcho,
the noted diver who brought such n
large number of bodies of tho Malno
men from tho dark depths of Havana
hnrbor. Thcro was much moro out
of doors that might be enjoyed for the
mcio effort of looking, Including tho
compctltlvo drilling of uniformed so-.
cret sdclelles and such special or ex
traordinary spectacles ns the reunion
of tho First Ncbrnska Regiment of
Volunteers Just homo from Luzon, to
say nothing of the exciting runs of tho
hospital nnd police wagons and tho flro
Notable or memorable things In tho
buildings were: Tho displays of Ha
waii by the Honolulu Chamber of
Commcico, which rightly should head
tho list. The showings In tho Colonlnl
Building Tor tho Philippines and Flor
ida. In tho Agricultural Building for
Welding by elcctilclty. Silk weav
ing. All manner of artificial lighting.
Flno fabrics nnd bric-a-brac. Upwards
of 1,200 good paintings. Lay figures
showing tho uniforms of tho armies of
tho world. Models of ships. Cooking
schools and nil tho trado departments
of manual training schools. Collec
tions of mounted birds nnd animals.
Theio was enough more to mako In
teresting nnd delightful and profitable
In tho extreme every available minute
of n stay of a month. To lew a mod
ern exposition broadens one, or should,
nnd gives n conception, or should, of
tho gtcatness of handicraft and the.
powers of thought, and to bo a part o'f
an exposition, ns was Hawaii of this,
means an honest share of fair famo
with such rewards as aro due. ED T.
An $8,00 DICTIONARYfor $1,00
The New Werner Edition of
Newly and magnificently lllustrttod. Wo offer
rou tho bctt Dictionary ever put on the market ai
I low price. Tlili new edition contains many
ipcrlal features auch as dictionary of Synonjmi
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you thla great dictionary, bound In cloth or tend
as $2.00 and we will send tho same book bound In
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llshed. For every day uso In tho otllce, home
icliool and library this dictionary Is absolutely un
Mualed. Forwarded on receipt of osr special
f far price, $1.00 (or cloth blndlnr or $2.00 for
the full tan sheep. 1 f It Is not sauslactory, rctim
it and wo will refund your money. Wrlto for oui
ipeclal Illustrated rataloiruc, quoting tho lotrttl
prices on books, FREE. We can tare you money
Address all orders to
THE WERNER COMPANY,
raltiihttt MaaafMtami. AkrOn. Ohio
The Wctaf Company llthcrontlily rtllaUc J L4iier.
' -irarwir au nsra-n
In Ooncantratoti brona
t--i it itit bii Medlcio for
ANEMIA, P00RNE8S OF BLOO!
woo ur hULVUlt,
J h.lh. V .tl. -l ..
A J of all Countries.
A 1 Ktltuilhr Ttltttur Smt
L-Jjl Doit not CnnMati
k ' Soon brlnn batk
11 HUITH. STHtWCTH.
I' AMfl A
SLVJ JEIT n
l,SSJit.te.SM,k!!i,i".?LL,Kr. ''?.' i
Wholetilai no. Rue Lafayette. Par it.
Grand clearing sal K
Beginning the 25th of November and
continuing until Dec. 25th, 1889.
a FllR THIRTY DAYS ANI.Y
Goods to be sold during this
sale regardless of cost.
White 10-4 Blankets 65 cents a pair ' former price 1.25
Grey 10-4 Blankets G5 cents a pair 1.25
Extra heavy 10-4 White Blankets r .85 a pair - " 1.50
" 10-4 Grey " " .85apair...; 1.50
" 11-4 " " " 51.25 a pair .' 2.50
White spreads 75 cents a piece.
White spreads S 1 .00 a piece. , . ' h
White spreads 1.25 a piece. - . 7"
Men's Colored Cassimere Coats $2.00 a piece ' . .former price 53.50
" 2.5oapiece .?: former price 4.00
3-ooapiece ' .... former price 5.00
,.", '' . " , ',' 3.5oa piece V. former price 6.00
Men's Suits all sizes and colors to be sold out below cost.
Men's Working Pants all sizes and colors to be sold regardless of cost.
Boy's Suits allisies and colors to be sold at from 75 cents to $2,00 a suit.
This lot will go at one-half the cost.
Boy's pants in all sizes and colors at 35 cents per pair.
A large assortment of Men's underwear to be sold at 20, 25, 30, 35; 40 and 50 cents each.
A large assortment of Men's hosiery to be sold at 5 cents a pair and extra heavy at 7 V,
cents a pair, or 3 pairs for 20 cents. '
Men's fast black yi hose at 16 cents a pair or 3 for 25 cents.
Men's fast black and colored hose at 15 cents a pair, or 2 for 25 cents.. Former price for
this hose was 25 cents a pair.
Ladies' fast black hose at 10 cents a pair, or 3 for 25 cents.
J Ladies' extra fine black and colored hose at 1 5 cents, or 2 tor 25 cents.
r i-ames- extra line iast Diacic ana colored nose at 20 cents a pair or 3 for 50
t A large assortment of the latest styles in men's, ladies' and children''
? shoes n hf sold ilnrlnn
hie cnln nf 4lilr .titio nl nr.n-l.nlf 4l.n -t b
A large assortment' pf men's overshirts, hats and suspenders in the latest styles and
patterns miist co during this sale regardless of cost.
A large assortment of Turkish, Bath and Huck towels at 5 cents and up.
A very fine assortment of plain and embroidered silk handkerchiefs for 1
patterns iust received.
A large assortment of ladies silk and woolen shawls in all colors and styles. These MUST go.
The pupllc is invited to visit vour stores on Nuuanu street, corner nf krino- nnn
ImAmA.- A..- J -1 J .At- ... J ... "
uajvki uui kuuu2 unit sec lur iiiemscives
detailed above. No trouble to show goods.
men and ladies. New
that we are selling goods at the prices
Comer of King and Nuuanu Sts.