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, .,-- IpAg$rz 1 iDLJl - 1 111 J yl 111 S dap.cc mo ?! ;; lL0 3'lt iftw&uriwi'AssjiW'ftVA! VOL. 1, NO. 8. HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, SUNDAY, MARCH 15, 1902. PIUCB FIVK CENT3. FACTS GROWTH OF A CENTURY. ABOUT CENTER FOR RAILROADS St LOUIS INCREASE IN INDUSTRY WORLD'S EXPORTS AND IMPORTS FAIR i w&QffM t 5 i St Louis was selected as tlio site of the World's Fair commemorating Jef ferson's great masterpiece, because of Its pre-emlnenco among tho cities within the Purchase. It In a striking tribute to the foresight of Thomas Jef ferson that In less than one hundred years after tho transfer of the terri tory there should havo grown up with in Its borders a city which, In popula tion and In manufactures, ranks fourth among the cities of tho United States, and stands well up to tho front among the commercial and manufacturing centers of tin- world. Tho city's growth nnd solidity form a striking answer to the criticisms at the tlmo of the pur chase, when It was freely staled that Jefferson had inado a bad bargain, and allowed Franco to unload a stupendous white elephant upon the United States. Tho auction which St. Louis is at tracting from all points as a result of active preparations for the World's Fair is bringing to tho front many of Its features. For years St. Louis has been spoken of att the Convention City, ow ing to Its being so frequently chosen for gatherings of a national and inter national character. Tho exceptional hospitality of Its people has been large ly responsible for this, but tho main reason is to lie found In the extreme convenience of its location. In New York and Philadelphia, St. tt-ouia Is generally spoken of as a western city; on tho Pacific slope. It Is always spok en of as eastern. As a matter of fact. It Is neither the one nor the other, 't is the most central of all the large eltles of the United States, and by far tho most accessible. It Is situated nbout midway between the center of population and the geographical center of the nation. The former Is moving year by year In tho direction of St. Louis, and tho largo Increase in popu lation In Missouri and adjacent states resulting from the World's Fair, wilt nccelerati the progress in this direction. r .. ill it H . . . r- VTOWriWOtUMAJiUrA'cT'URfca BUirDjNC2 J '" The largest city on the longest river: In the world, St. Louis for many years did an Immcnso business on the natu ral highway of commerce which forms the eastern boundary of tho Louisiana Purchase. The magnltudo of tho traf fic from the' port of St. l.ouls attract ed the attention of railroad builders In the early days of steam transporta tion. Ittiad after road was constructed with St. Louis as Its objective point, until to-day It is. tho greatest railroad center In the United States. Twenty- four railroads havo direct connection with It. nnd these wltn their connec tions bring every state and territory within easy rench of what Is rapidly becoming the greatest distributing point of tho mid continent. The ship ments in and out of St. Iiuls last year executed twenty-five million tons, and the Indications are that tii.s enormous total will bo put into the, shade by the figures for 1001. Upwards or 223,000, nno pieces of outgoing mall were linn died In St. LouIb Inst year, nnd cvtden era of phenomenal commercial activ ity and progress could bo multiplied Indefinitely. The. City of St. Iul lias advanced steadily year by year, but Its progress has been no moro marked than that of tho country which may almost be do scribed as subtirhau to it. The great State of Texas whose progress has been a matter of International com ment, regards St.Louls as Its natural ) commercial metropolis, and tho most 'strenuous efforts of eastern Jobbers to secure n permanent foothold within Its borders have signally failed. 01(1 1 henia. the youngest of our territories, i.nil the most deserving applicant lor statehood, is even more distinctly n St. I-oiiIh commercial suburb. Missouri, Southern Illinois, Kansas, Colorado, Arkansas, Iowa, Nebraska, and other western and southern states, havo all Increased their demands upon St. .LoiiIh merchants and Jobbers, who aro freely sharing the well deserved pros- .'.'"lie'.?; '"-v1 ' , fk rjiif i ' .-'., : ONE RESULT OF THE WORLD'S FAIR 4-f 4- -f -f-f 4-f 4-f-f --M"f - It will employ from 10.000 to 13,000 men. From "000 to 10,000 will be skilled artisans. Upon this army 60.000 persons will depend for their dally bread. Wages will be from Jl-o0 to $5 a day. Tho averago $3. The dally payroll will approximate $36,000. The dally cost of living for employes will aggregate about J20.000. havo resident representatives In near ly every stato In tho Union. It used to bo comparatively easy to define the boundaries of St. Louis trade territory. Expansion has been so continuous In every direction that It is now prac tically Impossible. No city In tho United States has la'; en greater nihantage of opportunities with the tatln-Atncrlcan countries, or with our newly acquired Insular nos sessions, and new axenues of trade nl constantly being discovered. Ship ments nre made to Europe, Asia, and even Australia, and goods made and lnndhd In St. 1-ouU arc rapidly com ing Into world-wide use. The exports from the port of St. l-oulg for last year, according to the official returns, were three times as largo as four years ago, Tho Imports from for'lgn countries wcr about twice as largo last year as In 1&98. St I.011I3 does mt depend entirely, or even lfi large measure, upon it," unique location and admirable distribu tion fncllltles. for Its high rank among the cities of the country. Its grow.'i in manufacturing has been eien mom remarkable than In other lines. Twen ty years ago the annual output of Us factories was returned by the official census as $114,000,000. The cenn s for 1890 showed an Increase of 100 per cent. The announcement of the fig ures for tho manufacturing census of 19(H) has not yet been made, but tlici-i is every r cation to believe It will s'iov that the aggregate annual value of the product of the St. Louis factories Is between J350.000.000 and JlOO.OOO.OfiO. or at least $1,000,000 per day, without ! even making allowance for one day's rest In seven. i-f-f-f4---t-f--ff-'--f--ft-f-ft-f-t-t-f-t-f--f-f44-f-t- perlty of these growing communities. .The entire country between the Mis sissippi river and the Itocky nuuu tains draws a very large percentage of Its supplies from St. Louts. In addi tion to this magnificent territory, St. Louis has Invaded states in all direc tions. Several houses liae regular customers on both the Atlantic nnd Pacific coasts, and quite a number M. Jean Paul l-atircns of Paris has just completed nnd signed the great work of his life. "The Apotheosis of Colbert. Minister of Ixjtils XIV." It Is said to be one of the firmest historical nnd allegorical works axlatlng. St. Patrick's Day. Written for the Si'.niiay Iti'LLETiN In every land in tlic wide world to-day, Where an Irishman has habitation, A health will be drunk to a ureen little isle, The loveliest in all creation; And we, shnre, the impulse as well will obey, And drink to mild Ireland on Patrick's Day. The boys of ottld Ireland are merry and free; Good hearted, however you take them; As ready to fight as to dance and to sing; Just as good as the old earth can make them. So here's to the boys with the hearts ever gay, "More power to their elbows" on Patrick's Day. The girls of ould Ireland have cheeks like the rose, And eyes that would be your undoin' ; With their blarney and smiles they'd bewilder your heart, And your peace evermore they would ruin; So good health to the colleens, God bless them we pray, With a ccad iitillefalthc on Patrick's Day. In the young days of Erin her bards used to sing Of her culture and beauty and glory; From palace to cabin would wander afar, With harp and with song and with story; And the songs of our country our bosoms still sway, So we'll drink to the bards on St. Patrick's Day. And deep in the core of each Irishman's heart, Wherever on earth he is farin', Is a wish that some day he may-see once again His dear little island of Erin, Mid the shamrocks again on Uic ould sod to stray; So we'll drink to the wish on St. Patrick's Day. P. Maukici: McMaiiox. AREA OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE 1bu-' ; " W V Kir mm Louisiana ' Purchase. Arkansas- Colorado Iowa Indian Territory . Kansas toulslana Missouri Minnesota Montana Nebraska North Dakota . . . Oklahoma South Dakota . . .. Wyoming Square Original quare Miles. States. Miles. . 53,228 Delaware 2,380 .10:1.969 Pennsylvania 45,928 . 56,270 New Jersey 8,173 . 31,154 Georgia 59.436 . 82.236 Connecticut 5.612 . 49.626 Massachusetts : 8,546 . 89,137 Maryland 12,297 . 86.335 South Carolina 31,0 18 .117,061 New Hampshire S.377 . 77,531 Virginia 42.330 . 70,879 Now York 53,719 . 38.958 North Carolina 52,674 . 77,580 rthodo Island 1.247 . 97.878 332,767 States Lying East Square of Mississippi. Miles. Maine 33,039 Vermont 9.563 Florida 58.984 Alabama 51,756 Mississippi 46.919 Tennessee 42,056 Kentucky 10.332 Illinois 58.324 Indiana 36,387 Ohio 44.46'4 Wisconsin 65,805 Michigan 68,915 West Virginia 2.50 ; 1,0(1,842 571.2li Original States Other States Lying East of Mississippi . . . .332,767 square mlleo. . .. .571,248 square mil Louisiana Purchase Excess Area of I.oulslam Purchase , 904,015 square miles. 1.041,842 squaro miles. 137,827 squaro miles. This table shows the area of each of the thirteen original Statca of tho Union and each of the other StatCB east of the Mlsslppl Itlvcr, as also the, area of the I-oulslana Purchase, by States and Territories. When Louisiana was acquired Florida waa still held by Spain, but In tho table her area is counted In the territory east of the Mlsslppl Klver as an offset to such portions of Colorado, Wyoming and Montana as were not In the Louisiana Purchase. Texas Is left out, although claimed by tho Goernment for many years as part of the domain purchased from Napoleon Ilonaparte. The totals show that the undisputed bounda ries of the domain acquired In 1803 included more territory than tho United States possessed at that time. ' -rt4'ttf4ft4-t4-4-t-f4-t4'f-f4-t4'-ft4-t4'ttt4--4-'f-fttfftf4-4-4fttt4-4-f4-t-4--ft PIONEER AUSTRALIAN EXPLORER IS DEAD GOVERNOR TAFT OF THE PHILIPPINES. Jiidgn William II, Tnft, eh II goicrnor of the Philippines, has been telling the senate committer which bus charge of the affairs in those islands some Interesting things about the ntchipelago. Governor Tnft caino all the way fioiu Manila to do tll Ho expects to return In a few weeks. Tho namo of Hdward John Eyro will always bo connected with tho hUtory of Australian exploration. It was six ty years ago that ho pushed Into tho unknown southern part of Australia; tho work he did gained tho highest recognition from geogtapheis. Ono of tho InrgeBt lakes in Australia bears n,B namo. Ho haa passed away In England at an advanced age after serving his country In various Impor tant positions In tho Colonies for man) years. Eyro went to Australia In 1832, when only 17 years old, to Beck his f 01 tune In sheep farming. Four 5 ears after his arrival the colony of South Austra lia was founded and a little settlement that hns developed Into the largo city of Adelaide, began to flout IbIi. Tho discovery of lands along tho lower courses of tho great Australian rivers and of tho new legion ainund thu Gulfs of St. Vincent nnd Spencer had reveal ed much land well adapted for graz ing; bo Bhecp heuleis began to flock In nnd Eyro was among them. It was not long beforo thu colonists began to talk of the possibility that thore might bo wldo tracts of pastoral lands beyond tho Inhospitable zone that bounds tho Adelaide district on the north and west. Young Eyro de cided to ascertain If this wcro bo, for If such grarlng lands existed the pros- pets of tho colonists would be much Improved, Ho went first to tho noith. In 1839. bcllcvlne that tho best results would I probably be found there. On this ox 'pedltlon he discovered this Flinders I Mountain rnnge and thu lung, narrow iTorrens Lake which extended further jto the north' than ho could see. Ills 'search for tho wished for pasture lands lln this direction was unsuccessful, and bo he returned to the south coast. A I great deal of tho dry area ho saw has since been mado available for grazing by Irrigation. In tho following year ho started from Adelaide on his great expedition to tho west In order to discover the extent of tho pastoral laudB that. It was thought, might exist along tho shores of the Great Australian Illght south of the Interior desert. On this journey ho mado tho discovery that thu desert extends to thu sea. Vie traveled nlong thu toast to tho west for nearly 120 miles without Beelng an aero of grass land, though ho found plenty 01 Bciub nnd Bomu animals that wcro new to science. No part of this region had previously been seen by a white man. When Eyro had advanced 600 miles through this desert two of tho black men klllel his only whlto companion and tied, leaving Eyre and tbrco other natives to struggle on almost without supplies for 600 miles to King George Sound whore, after Incredible hard ships, tho little party arrived In the spring of 1841, having crossed tho en tire southern part of tne Australian desert. Here Eyre was picked up by a French whaler that was cruising along the coast and taken back to Ade laide. Tho published account of Eyre's great Journey, which revealed to the world tho nature of the larger part of the south coast of the continent, ex cited worTd wide interest, and the ex plorer received the Founder's Medal of tho Koyal Geographical Society In 1813. A Bachelor's Tribulation. I'm on her dress! Just hear It tear! Great heavens! I'm Unlucky! There! Oh. horrors! 8eo! Her turn and glare! Such things aro more Than I can bear! She doesn't speak! Hut I declaro! I'd give tho world If she would swear! New York Sun, The Missouri Mule. A muscled structure as strongras steel, As quick as lightning with vengeful heel, A bundle of cussedness wrapped in skin Of toughness to hold that cussedness in. A voice that sounds like an echoing wail From the pits of sheoh a shaven tail That rises and falls in a forceful way As an automatic handle at play, To pump that voice when the critter tries To rip the seams in the trembling skies! He-Haw I He-Haw I Go where you will o'er the peopled earth, From the cob-pine country that gave it birth To the frozen zone where the glaciers rise To cool the face of the sunlit skies. To the heated tropics of burning sands, To the jungles of Oriental lands, To the tombs where slumber Egyptian kings. To the land where the black-robed condor wings To the islands of every ship-ploughed sea, And you'll hear that song in its ghoulish glee, .He-Haw! He-Haw! On the battlefield where the cannons roar, Where the ground is dampened with patriot gore On the tiresome march on the winding train Over mountains high and sun-baked plain, In the tented camps where the war-men lie Awaiting the summons to do and die, In the bivouac where the wearied troops 'Round the cook fire gather in hungry groups, From the patient mule that is hungry, too, You will hear the echo from old Mizzou, He-Haw! He-Haw! From the Denver Post. CAVID JAYFE HILl, WHO WAS PRINCE HENRY'S HOST. k Jm , 'iH&JJLfl frj 1 .