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'V' SONOIK "V ;r i y w-SMftViWASxaaftftiftsiftSMi SUNDAY BULLETIN I PAGES 9-12 I J VOL. 1, NO. 18. HONOLULU, TEnniTORY OF HAW All, SUNDAY, MAY 25, 1902. PMCB FIVE CENTS. Banner Sugar Output of the Hawaiian Islands "Tr" . ' CTp'iT-vayw' i ( :! V ri t. i "' ? ? ft ; W , I p: II Marvelous Growth of the Immense Property from Forest to Cane Fields Tho rapid strides that have taken placo In tho BUgar Industry of tho Ha- wallan Islands, and or mo enormous' shipments ot the raw product to tho refineries of tho Mainland and tho East are something remarkable, and fully demonstrato tho great possibili ties of the soil ot Hawaii. The Introduction of vast mills 'built urion the most modern lines nnd Ideas, hjs been n great factor in bringing tho plantations forward, as likewise tho In stallation of now and original mechan ical Ideas, whereby tho coBt of produc ing a ton of raw sugar has been great ly reduced. Again, tho use of crtido oil for fuel purposes will still further lessen ex penses and, perhaps, effect a largo saving In labor. Great Plantation at Olaa. As showing tho growing Importanco of tho sugar Industry of tho Island ot Hawaii, and of Iho vast magnitude ot tho operations of somo of tho planta tions, refcrenco In detail Is made to the properties of tho Olaa Sugar Com pany, Limited, which Is now grinding Its product In a magnificent nine-roller mill with full equipment, and where will be turned out at the end of tho the season's run fully 20,000 tons ot No. 1 sugar, tho largest first crop ever taken off from a single plantation In the history of tho Hawaiian Islands, or In fact anywhere else In tho sugar producing sections ot tho world. When It Is generally known that tho Olaa Sugar Company has actually ac compllshod such results, a feeling of confidence will supplant tho one hith erto existing that ilio plantation mill results would not bear up tho state ments advanced by many directly and i wiirnMlv Interested In tho ultimate success of tho undertaking. April a Good Month, n-u. ,.., nf nrll was a rcd-lcttef one in the history of W saga Indus (try of tho Island of Hawaii, made so 'by tho wonderful sugar returns ob tained for a run of one week durlns that month. A mere assortlon Is no argument, so . herewith are given tho exact results secured, and taken from tho books ol the sugar boiler, and which are thor oughly reliable. Results o-btalncd from nine-roller mill erected by Honolulu Iron Works, guaranteed capacity 175 tons dried raw sugar In twenty-four hours: Tons. Monday, April 21 Tuesday, April 22 ... Wednesday, April 23. 174 17C 175 800-2000 280-2000 840-2000 Thursday, April 21 174 Saiuruaj, !" - " Total 1.055 1880-2000 Nos. 2 and 3 grades, rcmcltcd and converted Into No. 1. or shipping, su gar, resulted in a still further increase of 257 tons, giving a grand total of 1312 1880-2000' tons of No. 1, or shipping sugar, In five days nine teen and one-half hours. This Is tho banner, or largest, week , TAleld ot sugar ever turned out In ho history of the sugar Industry of tho Hawaiian Islands, and perhaps In any of the sugar-productlons sections of ha world from a nine-roller mill of equal "The m'lll upon tho Ewa plantation on the Island of Oahu made a record run some time ago ot 1.053 tons In s x full working, or 24-hour, days, about 15 pet cent of the total product being No. i grade of sugar, which was sacked and shipped, nut In the case ot tho Olaa mill no low-grado sugars wcro shipped they were simply remolted. An Excellent Outlook. Up to the present tlmo tho compa ny's books show a total sugar output of nearly 12,000 tons with fully two months run ahead of the mill. The work of clearing largor areas of land Is being proceeded with and tho cane area will bo Increased at tho rato of 1,000 acres annually for tho ensuing three years. Tho flume system Is grad ually being extended, and much othor necessary work Is being proceeded with, in tho mndtict ot a property of ruch magnltudo more or less vexing ques tions aro constantly arising, and qulto naturally somo matters connected with Individual cano growers will necessa rily have to bo adjusted, but on tho whole, matters aro proceeding along nicely. The rattoons for tho 1903 crop nre looking well, and without question will have a sugar yield equal to tho first plant. Advantages of Railroad. Upon tho plantation nre about flvo Iiuudred Porto Itlcans, tho malo portion of whom It Is said arc giving satlsfac tlon as laborers, and who are under the supervision of A. E. Mlnvllto. The competition of tho magnificent railroad system of tho Illlo Railroad Company to Mountain Vlow has great ly expedited tho opening up ot the mauka lands of the company In many ways, such ns tho landing of lumber and supplies and conveying cano to tho mill, where It Is not possible to handle the product by the Hume' system. Ono can fully appreciate tho vast possibilities of such a plantation with' In the next flvo years, when it la known that tho company controls fully 21,000 acres ot land, a largo percentage of which Is well adapted for growing cane. Again, It must be understood that much of the land now in growlug cano has lain dormant for a long time, nd wil) require considerable cultlva 'Ion In order (o reach Its highest stage it production. Additions to the Mill. To meet tho Increased yields of :ano from "season to season, tho mill las so been constructed that an addi tional nine-roller mill can bo installed it any time, and tho probabilities arn that such addition will become a ne cessity within two years. Passing from one field to another, one becomes Impressed with tho np- pcaranco of tho growing cane, as like wise tho general air. of thrift to bo seen on every band, while tho labor ers seem contented and tho work ot tho plantation goes on without any Inter ruption. Tho original Ideas advanced 'as to tho handling ot tho property by tfio manager and his valuable (Tsslstants havo been practically carried out, thcro being but a few nominal changes mado or Introduced. Tho second o'r 1903 crop ot tho plantation will come from fully C000 acres, so ono can figure with somo de gree of accuracy what tho output ot tho mill will be for thnt year. Changes at the Plantation. It was thought by many that cane planted at the higher elevations would not stand high In sucrose, but tho evenness of growth and general re sults are highly satisfactory. Lately soveral changes in tho mill hands havo taken place. Harvey Wicks, formerly engineer at tho Ho nokna Sugar Company, is now superin tending engineer, whllo M. McQuald, formerly chemist at tho Honomu mill, has assumed that position at tho Olaa. Tho boiling of tho sugar Is In tho bands ot II. W. Flncko and O. Fro bocso, both of whom havo had years of experience In leading sugar mills In tho Hawaiian Islands. And so tbo work ot manufacturing sugar goes steadily on, each and every department ot tho plantation being In tho hands of practical men, who like wise work hand In hand with F. II. Mc Stockcr, manager of this vast sugar es tate. In tho compilation of this report up on tho plantation properties of tho Olaa Sugar Company, Limited, nn ef fort has been mado to glvo credit to thoso who hnvo greatly aided tho man agement In bringing tho property up to Its present successful development. Ta Mr. Horan belongs the credit of having contributed largely to tlieBo conditions as ho has practically been Identified with tho property boforo and since Us Inception. Mr. Horan is a nativo of Liverpool, England, whero ho was born In 1863, coming to tho United Stalos when but a lad. After remaining a number ot years In tho Eastern States he came direct to the Hawaiian Islands fifteen fyWmm iiJ'. iBfettv&$ rv. wnimLjM jaysm IVST Urc. ri;U WkM E. A. HORAN. E(WD A. HORAN GREAT RESULTS OBTAINED AT OLAAlSome Facts About the Men years ago, where he has followed with out interruption for that period tho In dustries ot tho cultivation of codec and sugar. Expert In Sugar and Coffee. For years ho was Identified with such plantations as the Makawell, on ho Island of Kauai; tho Hawaiian Commercial, on Maul; the Paauhau, l'npaloa, Hakalau and other planta tions on tho Island of Hawaii. Mr. Horan Is tho section luna at tho ntnc-mllo point on tho Olaa plantation md, ns such, ho has a largo area ol enno land under his charge, and also the overseeing of n large number of la oorcrs. During an Interview with Mr, Horan by the Uulletln representative ho stat ed that he attributed tho unbounded success of the Olaa Sugar Company and Its enormous sugar yield to tho high order of executive ability display ed by II. K. McStockcr. the general manager of tho property, in his ar rangement of the vast scope of plan tation work, ono of fiio most Impor tant of which was that ot constructing roads throughout tho plantation, thus affording easy access to each and ev ory fllcld. This makes It possible to plant a largo acreage and greatly ex pedites the movement of men and teams, fertilizers, plows, etc. Flumes a Great Factor. Tho construction of flumes, snys Mr. Horan, has been a great factor In the still further development of tho plantation, nllowtng the conveying of cano product to tho mill at a nominal cost, as also tho flumlng ot seed to tho planting fields and of firewood tq camps and mill. The water supply, also, as develop ed by tunnels at Kaumana, was large ly duo to tho foresight of tho manager, who was ably assisted by Peter Mc line, tho head luna or overseer of the plantation. O00000- O O 0004000000OK' o o ooooo BUDDHISM. IJuddhlsm teaches that all things, both abstract and concrete, aro pro- duced and destroyed by certain causes nnd combinations of circumstances; nnd that tho state of our present life' nnd what wo do by our present actions will b,o tho causes of our state of exist' ence In tbo futuro life. As our doings are good or bad and ot different degrees of cxccllcnco or ovll, so these produce different cflccis through many degrees of suffering or happiness ; all men nnd other sentient beings havo an Interminable existence, dying In ono form and being re-born in another; so that If men wish to cscapo from a miserable state of tranamlgra tlon, they must cut oft tho causes. which aro the passions, such, for ex ample, as covetousnoss, anger, etc. Object of Buddhism. Tho principal object of Ouddhlsm Is to cnablo men to oCtaln salvation from misery according to tho do'trlno ot "extinction of passion." This doctrlno is tho causo of salvation, and salvation is the effect of this doctrine. This salvation is railed Nirvana, able world and to enter Into Paradise most Important thing; believing that which means eternal happiness, and Is In tho nejt llfo. From tho tlmo of nt tho moment of putting our faith In tho stato ot Iluddha. putting faith In tho saving desiro of Amlta Iluddha, our salvation Is set It Is, however, very difficult to cut iluddha thcro Is no need of nny power tied. From that moment, Invocation off all tho passions, but Buddhism pro- of self help, hut need only to keep his of his namo Is observed to express fesscs to teach many ways of obtain- mercy In heart nnd Invoko his nnmo In gratitude and thankfulness for Budd ing this object. order to remember him. Theso doings ha's mercy. Moreover, being thankful Nagardjuna, the Indian saint, said aro called "thanksgiving for ralva- for tho reception of this doctrlno from mat in uuddhlsm there nre many ways ensy and difficult, as In worldly ways. somo painful llko a mountainous Jour- ney, others pleasant like sailing on tho tholr wny of obtaining Balvatlon, tho a dark night, we must also keep tho sea. ThcBO ways may bo classed In only dlffercnco being In their profes- laws which pro fixed lor our duty dur two divisions, ono being called "self Blon or business; and consequently Ing our whole llfo. TOM SHARKEY RUNNING Tom Shaikoy, tho well known sporting carnival In England, has fighter drives tho fast flyer, Dick THE OLAA MILL. J. IWASAKl. AS TAUGHT ' power" or help through self, and tho other called "the power ot others" or ;ne,u hro8h another. The "Shlnihlu" Sect. Our sect, called "Shlnshlu," literally. canin ,.Truo doctrne" which was founded by Shlnran Shonln. teaches tho doctrine of "help from another." Now what Is tho "power of nnoth- oven to Amlta Huddba, because the err' It is tho great power of Amlta events of tho present llfo cannot bo al Iluddha. Amlta means "boundless." tercd by tho power of others, and and It Is believed that tho llfo end teach tho followers of tho sect to do light of Iluddha aro both perfect; also their moral duty; loving each other, that othor Iluddhas obtained their keeping order nnd tho laws of tho stato of Iluddhashlp Dy the help at Government. Amltn Iluddha. Therefore Amlta Ilud- Thcro nre many writings stating tho dha Is cnlled tho chief of the Iluddhas. principles Inculcated by this sect, but Amlta Iluddha always exercises his only tho translation of tho following boundless mercy upon all creatures creed, which was written by Itcnnyo nnd shows a great desire to help and Shonln, who was the chief priest of Inllucnco all pcoplo who rely on him tho eighth generation from tho found to complete all merits and bo re-born or, Is given: Into Pnrodlso (Nirvana). CREED. Sect for Salvation. Ilcjerting all religious austerities Shlnshlu sect pays no attention to and other action, giving up nil Idea of tho other Duddhas and putif faith only bcK power, rely upon Amlta Iluddha In tho great desire of Amlta Iluddha, with tho wholo heart, for wo our salvn- .expecting to escape from tho miser- tlon In tho futuro llfo. which Is tho tlon," In this sect thcro Is no difference bO' twocn priest nnd layman, as concerns x&23ftr & jucr WKr.rji Bailor pugilist who Is to fight (Ins Iluhlln, now blossomed forth as n driver ot fast Wolla his fnvorlto pacer. The clearing of land by tho aid of steam machinery made It posBlblo to plant a much greater area than could have been possible by tho aid of ordi nary hand labor. The erection of saw mills to convert the fallen timber Into lumber for constructing camps and In tho manufacture of railroad tics was a wise movo and, wherever It has been posslblo to do so, tho management of this vast cstato has Introduced labor saving machinery for the purpose of reducing the cost of producing a ton of raw sugar. Trying Conditions Overcome. Mr. Horan takes a pardonable pride In Hie general bucccss of tho proper ty, ns he Is doubly aware of tho trying conditions which had to bo overcome In tho building up of tho present mag nificent estate ot tho Olaa Sugar Com pany, Limited. All nlantatton raanacers on Hawaii AT OLAA the priest Is allowed to marry and to cat flesh and fish, which is prohibited to the members ot other Uuddhlst sects. Their Moral Duty. Again, this sect forbids "all prayers or supplications for happiness In the present life, to any of tho Duddhas, tho founder and succeeding chief priests, whoso teachings wcro so bo novolent, nnd ob welcomo as Unlit in FAST HORSES tho Akron Giant, at the coronation Bpccdlng horses. The nautical prlzo . MaBWCrMff-VWHBaMBB Who Transformed Nature Into a Good Money Maker fully realize tho difficulties In starting 1 up a now plantation, especially ono on tho scale of tho Olaa. in Its dlfflcul-'the lies In securing tho great amount of seed found necessary to plnnt so largo i nn nrca tho Oloa plantation wbb very much handicapped, being compelled to haul seed from twenty to sixty miles In wagon teams. Tho magnificent showing made even In tho face of all a luxury In the district, ond when tha these obstacles has had n marked ten present road to tho Volcano was con dency to create n pardonable prldo nnd ' structcd only to a point fourteen mile Interest among tho attaches of tho plantation. I Through the efforts of Peter Mcltac. the head lunn, and also ot Mr. Hornn, they fully demonstrate the fact that 511VW nwjin 1,111 i,v iii.Qiu iivui MiDavivu i.nml jiMmi ..n.. lin mlnml fnm Inn.nlntl seed that had not time to "laulau." It Is a fact worthy of note that tho ripen ed cano from this tassclcd seed, which consisted of 240 acres, produced as much sugar In proportion to tho land planted as was produced by top seed. No report upon tho Olaa plantation would he considered comptcto at this time without the names of those who had materially assisted In bringing the property to Its present stago of growth nnd dar'lopmcnt. The gentleman whoso namo heads this list is tho chief overseer on tho Olaa plantation, to whom much credit Is duo for his practical knowledge of plantation work, the evidences of which arc observable on this planta tion. Mr. Mcltac Is n nativo of Nova Sco tia, whero ho waB born forty-seven years ago. He has resided perma nently on tho Island of Hawaii for tho past twenty-two years, following tho Industry ot raising BUgar cano for tho i.ntlrn tinrlnil Vnr twMvit vnnrn hrt was connected with the Hawaiian Ag rlcultural Company nt Pahala and for seven years with tho Illlo Sugar Com pany near Illlo, where ho Introduced tho syBtem of V flumes. In Charge of 2,000 Men. Mr. Mcltao has been Identified with tho Olaa Sugar Company slnco its in ception, threo years hgo, and has ivntr-hnfl (In wrmvtti nnil itnvolnninpnt day by day, having under his dlroct charge tho labor of 2,000 men. As head overseer the work of water development and construction of nn oxtcnslvo llumo system for conveylnH tho sugar' cano to tho mill becamo a part ol his multifarious duties. Mr. McTlae has always been a stronfl advocate of tho possibilities of tha Olaa plantation, pinning his faith In Its grand futuro by investing largely In tho stock of tho company. Tho prcsiiit sugar results from tha cano In tho mill must ccrtnlnly bo very gratifying to this gentleman, who ccr ninny uu muuri'ti iiiivi-itouiKiy iu bring about tho present conditions. T.J. Mr. Iwasakl, tho gentleman whoso namo heads this article. Is a nativo of Japan, whero he first saw the light ol day thirty-llvo years ago. For tho past ten years ho has resid ed on the Island of Hawaii, and for tho past eight years has been an extensive contractor In the (tearing of land, planting of large areas to coffee and sugar at tho nlno and twcnty-mllo points. At tho present tlmo he has under lenso from tho Olaa Sugar Company fully COO ncres of land at cloven and (welvc-mllo points 011 tho Olaa road, which was cleared and whero tho firs I Lahotna cano was, planted In Juno. PETER M'RAE. 1901. Of this area some 500 acres havo been harvested and ground In Olaa mill. At Japanese Headquarters. ;,ir. Iwasakl has boorridentlflcd with tlic Olaa plantation from Its very In- coptlon, nnd has watched Its gradual utngos of wonderful development day bv dnv. and nt n limn when miwln u-orn from Illlo, At Kcaau. eleven miles from Hlln. s tIC home nlace and nlnntntlnn l.rnd. quarters ot his can properties, whero ,0 iina built up In tho short spaco ot threo years a model location. Hero can be found tropical and sojil- tropical trees of remarkable growth; orange nnd lime trees, Tiananas, etc. The homo placo consists of eighty acres upon which has been expended upwards of $10,000 In buildings, tha Improvements of grounds, stables, etc. At the present time Mr. Iwasakl has In his employ about 800 men who or conJTortably quartered In flvo separata camps on tlio plantation which am kept In tho best of sanitary condition. Labor Troubles Avoided. The question of labor has been a very serious proposition on tho Island of Hawaii, but tho Olaa plantation has probably suffered less from that causs than any other single plantation. Mr. Iwasakl has been an important factor In tho labor condition of tho plantation, and upon moro than ono occasion has come to tho rescue of tbo Olaa company, which has fully appre ciated his services. Mr. Iwasakl is a decidedly progress ive man, and through his Individual efforts has done much to elevate and promote many Ideas among his own people, of whom several thousands aro employed in the Olaa a'nd Puna dis tricts of Hawaii. For Instance, ho put on foot the con struction of a $5,000 church to be dedi cated to tho (Shlnshlu) sect of nudd. hlsm. land for tho purpose being glv en by the Olaa plantation through Ita enterprising manager. Co-operative 8ystem a Success. The manager of tho Olaa Sugar Com pany has upon Bovcral occasions seen fit to congratulate Mr. Iwasakl upon his efficient asslstanco In extending on tho Olaa plantation tho co-opcratlva system of labor which has been sa beneficial to tho laborer, and also for his faithful and Intelligent handling of largo contracts. aTT of which has aided materially In bringing about tho grail- rymg results In tho magnificent nine roller mill of tho company. Passing from ono field to another whero tho sugar cano Is being cut. weighed and transported to tho splcn- did Hume system which traverses tho ' hrnnnrlv nnn n .. ti,.. .. property, one can readily determlnn by tho appearance of tho cano prod uct that proper cultivation hns been bestowed upon It., Good Yield from Cane. In Borne enscs the cane has yielded as high as eight and ten tons of sugar to the acre, whllo tho avcrago ot all fields taken off will bo flvo nnd ono- half tons of Bugar to tho aero, which la pnrt.lnlw a remarkable showlna upon new soil. In this report Is shown a view ot .some nineteen months' old first rat- .toons on the Walpahoehoo lands on tho Puna road, the lands comprising somo threo hundred ncroa grown un dor contract with the Olaa Sugar Corn- pany by Mr. Iwasakl. I n brief, Mr. Iwasakl Is ono of tha (cnterprlslng cano growers of tho Olaa district, and as such Is entitled to tha distinction accorded him In this report of tho Olaa district. Ho Is recognized (by all who como In contact with him (ln a business way ns being thoroughly reiinuio nnd n man or strict Integrity nnd sterling qualities. PETER IEE Mr. Peter Lee Is qulto an cxtcnslvo cano grower In tho Olaa district, and cleared tho first land for tho Olaa Su gar Company, Limited, under a con tract for 17C0 acres. Mr. Leo resides in his homo plncc, Kllohana, eloven miles from Illlo on tho Volcano road. He Is, perhaps, better known as hav ing been for eight years tho popular manager ot tho Volcano House at Kl ilauen. A change of management will ( shortly occur nt tho above place, and (tho friends of Mr. Lee aro urging him to resume his dutlcB thero onco more, j Mr. Leo has resided In tho Hawaiian Islands for U10 put twcnty-Blx ycare, 'nud Is well and favorably known. Vi. 5 JU-fn..'.1.'.fc JiH Mb -- ". --.-. -u- '-J' -jJiti fed v Jtr-UAAA.