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7-,ny,wpni?fPWB?ri' "s wwri
BBP- DO IT NOW
Prom 8an Francisco:
II a good creed;
and with the aid of
You are usually able to
Ventura Meh. 11
TT T I'TtrnTIVT
.Mnnciiuria .Mar. io
Hongkong Maru llch 22
For 8an Franclico:
Coptic Mar. 13
i J I iflj I I
8lcrra Mch. 13 V
M From Vancouver:
Aorangi Mob. 10
PAQES 9 to 13
Moana April i i
ii) wmniMi mii' :ii
VOL. XVIII. N0..3334.
HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, 8ATURDAY, MARCH 17, 1906.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
l . u.
The . t. Ventura brought
California Fruits and
All the above are crls p,
Retail MAIN 22.
There are Imitations, But
Ours is the only GENUINE
Wo Havu all Other Flavors AIho
Consolidated Soda Water Works, Ltd.
TELEPHONE MAIN 71
UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT.
SACHS BLOCK, COR. FORT AND BERETANIA STREET8.
MODERN furnished apartments, single rooms and suites. Electric
light and running water In all rooms. Excellent bath-rooms are a feature
of this establishment
The second floor will be available shortly and applications for furnish,
ed or unfurnished rooms on this floor are now being received.
VISITORS FROM THE OTHER ISLANDS WILL FIND THE
.MAJESTIC A COMFORTABLE HOME
TELEPHONE MAIN 244.
PACIFIC TRANSFER CO.
WILL CALL FOR YOUR BAGGAGE
Wc pack, haul and ship your
goods and live you money.
Dealeti In STOVE WOOD, COAL and KINDLINGS.
Stoiaee In Brick Warehouse,
We are prepared to supply the People of Honolulu with Freshest et
ISLAND MEATS. Alio, Garden Produce of all kinds; Butter, Eggs, Chlok
ens, Turkeys, Sucking Pigs, Bacon, Ham; In fact, everything a FIRST)
CLASS MARKET la called upon to furnish.
The ISLAND MEAT CO.
JAS. E. WESTBROOKE. Manauer.
TFLEPHONE MAIN 7. FORT ST.. OPP. LOVE ILD
102 FORT ST., I.
O. O. F. Bldg. & 151
Weekly Bulletin $1 Per Year
Headquarters for automobile with
a splendidly equipped fireproof garage,
VON HAMM-YOUNQ COMPANY, Ltd.
...J. ''-., ta,'.U,iAM'.?
us the following assortment of -ji '
fresh and delicious.
& Co., Ltd,
Wholesale MAIN 92.
126 King; St. Phone Main 5S
HOTEL ST., opposite YOUNQ Hotel.
NV. W.Wright Co.
have opened a horse-shoeing
department In connec
tion with their carriage
shop, etc. Having secur-.
ed the services of a first
claBs ghtr- aro pre
pared to ao ail work in
trusted to them in a flrst
'i-tett& h.'nw',fV i"U
Following: h tho report of the hoar-
Ing on Hawaii's refunding bill held be-'lie
i,.-n t.n C.. rt.u...ln.. tii
iuio uiu nuiimc uiiiiUlllt'U uu
Itlco and Puclllc Islands:
Tuesday, February 13. 1D0C.
The committee met at 10:30 a. m.
Present: Senators Fornkcr (chalr
mnn). Wetmore, Clapp, Flint, files,
A delegation from the Hnwallnn 18
Innds, W O. Smith, George V. Smith.
M. I. Robinson, J. It. flalt, Francis M.
Hatch, and 12. A. Mclndrny. of Hono
lulu, and A. II. I.oebenstcln, of Hllo,
and I). II. Case, of Maul, appeared.
Hon. Jonah K. Kalanlanaole. Dele
gate In Congress from the Territory
of Hawaii, was also present.
INTIlODl'CTOItY STATEMKNT 11Y
Tho Chairman (Senator Fornkor). I
will slnte that this meeting of tho com
mittee was called for tho purpose of
Territory of Hawaii, and for other
purposes, which reads as follows:
He It enacted, etc.. "That seventy
live per centum of the customs nnd In
ternal revenues collected each year
1 within llio Territory of Hawaii. Tor a
I period of twenty jenrs from July first.
J nineteen hundred and five, shall !-
segregated nnd held npurt In a sep
arate fund hy the Secretary of the
Treasury to be designated the Hawaii
I an fund nnd to bo expended only for
i nillille works. Inrlmllne eilucnf Innnt
(nnd other public buildings, harbor Im-
provements, nnd military nnd navnl
I defenses within tho Territory of Ha-
wall as the Congress may from time lo
iiine sieciiicniiy nuiiiurizo niui appro-
i lie unairniau (coniinuing). i ins
1 bill was drnfted and Introduced In nc-
corclanco with the recommendation ol
tho President In his last nnmial men-j
Isngn. from which I quote as follows:
I "Hawaii Is too heavily taxed. Laws
should lm enacted setting aside for a '
perlod'of say twenty years. 75 per cent
of the Internal revenue and customs
j icceipis irom Hawaii ns a special iiiiiu
o Im expended In the Islands for
catlonal nnd public buildings, and for
harbor Improvements and military and
I naval defense H cnifnot be too often
lepcatcd that our arm must be to de-
velop tho Territory of Hawaii on trn-i
dltlonol American lines."
Tho Chairman (continuing). Now,
, we will hear the gentlemen who nre
present. In such order as they may
?J,,T.h0h.)V5ij L J. '-...,
..,,, ... w. nmitn. . v.,iiiiu,i urn,
I gentlemen of tho committee.
i . in,!E i
I1C8 Of Honolulu and
I coma from Honolul
tho commercial bouics
J1 Zltl l, ,'i,i ii'ilJ i. i. ',r
sucn iniporiance mni me commercial
erally feel a deep Interest In the mat-
TSJ 'innA! L" J,dW. ,,
Ueforc annexation we had all tha
revenuw. of course, both from the In-,
ternal taxes and from tho custom-1..
houfe The Internal taxation and
j sources of that kind gave about two-
thirds nf the total Income and tho cms-tom-houso
one-third. Wo have been
annexed for live years and we have
continued carrying on the government
and w nre finally able to meet the cur
I lent expenses from the current rev
! enuci without the customs receipts;
but wn have not been nble to make
' public Improvements except by barrow-
Ing, nnd wo have borrowed and In
i citrrei a debt which now ninounm lo
i over $3,000,000.
Tha Chairman. For which you havo
' Issued bonds, I suppose?
j Mr. W. O. Smith. Honds, authorized
and approved by the President.
I Tim Chairman. You Itsued fnoso
I bonds subject to the approval of tho
I Mr. W. O. Smith. Yes, sir.
Sitiro annexation the proportion be
tween the current revenues of the Tcr
irltory and the custom-house and in
termit tevenue has been Just about the
' Famo, one-third unit two-thirds, Hot li
have Increased Bllghtly. Tho totul rov-
I enues of Territory havo been $2,000,000
nml .I? ifin Hart Th nnniinl rai'nnun
i from tbo custom-house for the last fivo
years has nvwaged a llttlo over $1,000,
000. It has been as hlch as xl.200.000.
' and lt has been down as low as $900,
000. I Tho Chairman. That Is, tariff du
ties, you mean?
I Mr. W. O. Smith. The tariff duties.
I The Chairman, And all that revenue
has been biought hero to Washington
and put Into the General Treasury of
'tho United States?
Mr. W. O. Smith. Yes, sir. It le
taken nut of tho country and brought
Wo feci that It would bo a vcry
groat help and a benefit to us there If
I a fund could bo created from tbo
sourco Indicated and bo appropriated
! from year to year or from lime to tlmo
by Congrosg for public works, Tcrrlto
giving a hearing to certain gentlemen i "...'. ",",.. .;' . w" 'r Ul.nnhl i. nnni-tni .niiim. n.i.i.. rr , ' . . " .... ;"" . .". ':. . ' . ' I
uiirv nt-o , ,,i i w,i,i.M ,,., niii'i" Miuicii i jcupi oniy iron year in , , ---. - impcrimvu mai miipie ami prupiT uu-
lawf TlTv want t 1 e nir 1 h rcar? Tl, PWVlilM practically for! I'"1' ' f0 T "? "' WM v",lo K "1!,,l ",r "'" ,rn "" 0',lu"
it of thS I.IH III It llOl.foeL i",,n''"-oirlatloii that Is lo run through I ,f "'T '"" " "'"' ''" tlon of the children of the diverse races
fn iui, f.m?i ,, i.ii!.' i'nrt'i in XJ""" ' (receipts, from lawa I. as a spe-lnl fund inbitl..g the Territory: and w'ere tliU
labllsll a Illliil for public works In the. ,,'', ,, ..,.,. 'to he cxnciucd In tlm Islam a f.ir iln. .,.. .. ,... . ,...
FOR HAWAII'S BILL
TELL OF OUR TERRITORIAL NEEDS
rial and Federal. Certain of the nub-1
llko the harbor Improve-
menu and defenses, would be moiu
strictly and appropriately Federal
work, and might be provided for under
a general appropriation, but there nra
public works of tho Territory whfch
need to be attended to In order to de
velop the country. We have not tlii
money to do It with.
I do not myself propone to take muck
time In speaking of this matter, al
though I am prepared nnd ready to an
Kwor questions. .Mr. Oeorge V. Smith
wnl present the matter more at length.
Appropriated By Congress.
The Chairman. You recognize that
the customs will have to bo collected
'"r (ho United Statos and then appro
priated by net of Congress?
Ml. W. O. Smith. Entirely so.
The Chnlrmnn. Have you consider
ed the question whether the" can Im
Ihlll says from tlmo In ilmo, docs It
! I Heading): "As the Congress ma
from time' to tlmu specifically author
lie nnd appropriate."
I Tho Chairman. Vory well. That
.would givu you a fund of from JioU,-
l.m, ... imhf. ...
wiu i o"".m,t, inl. vtuy yinir reveiiuei
tav- been running during the last fivo
Mi W n qmlih v,. ir
All. Vt, u. amilll. -les, sir.
.niiin i warn ii)
hn appropriated for educational and
!'". W. O. Smith. For educational1
nnd public buildings and other public
"i" j"iiiriiiiiii. nnc is 'no naiuni
i mo ouier puuuc worus oi wuicu
: Other Public Works,
Mr. W. O, Smiin. Well, they might
.be in the matter Qt developing public
liuuU. There are largo areas there
lhat would be very productive If they
were accessible, nnd they ought to bo
opened up. The making of roads to
. ..... ... v., ua,i... ,w, i ,,,,1,1, i mi
itcv.'iop tnem is expensive, and roads t may be noted hero that In the
edti-ii.hould be opened up so that emigrants year 1901 the debt per citizen per cap-
and settlers can avail themselves of jtta of Ihc Culled States was $ll39 and
tile lands. the debt per total capita of the United
The Chairman. How are those lands ' Stntes was $U.:2.
ltua:ed? I On June 30. lo;. the total debt of tho
.Mr. W.t). Smith. Take the Island' Ten Itory of ilawnll amounted to the
nf Hawaii, which Is the largest one. ;sum of $3.137.0110. or n total population
' That Island, like till the Others, Is vury , per raplta debt of $21.37. and u toltil
mountainous in the Interior nnd very citizen per capita debt of $10.70.
,g,, and on the elopes, near tho sea, I schools and Cottanes
U,t'rc '" " WnB' or ,,0lt "' nrn,,lt' lauJ I this Indebtedness $2,000,000 con-
'which is cultivated. On the Island of ,, ()t oa, secured In 1903-1. and
llnWn tlml llOlt Ot ami S COVCrOU
w,,ch "f tho wny w,,h veti' iU'ntiv '"''
c'Hl nni1 '." n,mo8t Imponetrable. -It U
Innr, ,.ull,li. In ,.,.rlln nliwu Wluiri,
tholanil has been cleared of ,1110 Torcsl beyond July, 1905, making a total for
wlh the .l I. 1..., to bo v..ry',i;ea.onl purposes of $313,138.07. It
,iro,ctlvc, ThL,ro are largo areas of
, toaiU , cl l0 u
The Chairman. As' to educational
liulldlngs. how are you off In that re-
l v A s ,. w , mvo be,,n m.
L' ? 7 ,V.,,' A ... 7, ,,T
muiiiiK nit; ui.iiuimfc i v . II
Smith will show from the statistics
that we havo spent over $300,000 since
annexation In new school" buildings.
Uut (hey need many more.
The Chairman. I'ernaps, ns It is
your Intention that Mr. U. W. Smith
Shall speak of thcBe details, 1 should
tiot aBk you any more questions, but
let him proceed.
.Mr. IV. O. Smith. Very well.
WHAT ? ! ! 7
" d toft? f'WFIwr-
m . hlifM m.
m mzr ,;
siyjm BSP MMMkA'J '
I 1 'am JmmWJ
STATKMKNT OF 0. V. SMITH.
The Chairman. Mr. Smith, you lUo
Mr (5. W. Smith. Yes, Sir; 1 hnve
lived there for twenty-six years
Tho Chairman. Arc you a member
of the bar there?
Mr. (J. V. Smith. No, sir: I am en
gaged In the mercantile business there.
I am president of the Merchants' Asso
ciation and chairman of our first board
The Chairman. Whom do you rep
resent In nppv.irlng here?
Mr. (1. W. Smith. The Merchant'
Association of Honolulu, partlrulnrly
The Chairman. You may pioceed.
Mr. (I. W. Smith. In his message n
tho present Congress. President Roose
velt. In referring to Hawaii and Its
needs, used the following language:
'Hawaii Is too heavily taxid. Ijiws
catlonal and public buildings and for
nurlior improvements and naval de
Hawaii Per Capita Tax.
In order to arrive nt u satisfactory
presentation ofthe statement lhat
"Hawaii Is too heavily tnxed." wc shall
huve lo compare the per capita tax of
ji";,,; ' n.V'
Urea on the mainland. The Tcrrltoilcs
I selcclnl for comnarlsnn nr Arlronn
tlMt of Territories more
bviv i i't .uiiijiii icuii inq ti i&iiuti,
oiiliihomn. and New Mexico, tho com-
pnrlson being on n citizen population.
Territory. Receipts, lures. Debt
Arizona $ (i.00 I 70 JI0&7
Oklahoma .... 2.92 H.97 1.00
'CW Moxlco ... 1.25 l.fl'
Hawaii 30.01 4" 1
Or. to compare on a total population
basis, wo find for tho year 1901:
fl-m,, Ihla In,,., tl,r hnu l,,. n,,,l
I ed $253,387.12 for school and teachers
I houses, with an amount of $57,760.93
I..I.I .. -. . .. ., .n..
Is further proposed to expend for
tohools and teachers' houses nn addi
tional amount of approximately $790,
000. In tho outlying districts ot tho Istund
we have to prpvlde houses for the
teachers to live In. There arc not any
boarding places for them, and the
teacher usually consists of n man nnd
his family. Tho department of public
instruction finds It necessary In order
to hold tho teacher In a certain por
tion to provide accommodations for
In assuming a burden ot this nature
lt has been the aim of tho excctitlvo
and the olllclals of the Territory to ed
ucate and prepare for citizenship tlu
large and growing number of children,'
particularly tlwe of oilier than Cau
casian parentage In (his respect Ha-
wall Is bearing a burden Imposed on uu
other Territory. I
Tim funds now used for the pur-1
poses named are by no means sum-1
dent to meet the need, and more, larg-
er. and better equipped srhoolhousea
School Population, !
The present school population en
lolled In the public mid private school.!
of the Territory Is 20.100. being a per-'
centngc of 9l.fi Of the total population
within school age. ,
The rapid Increase of the si hool pop
ulation, amounting lo over 8.00 in tliul
past ten year, with the prosp'tlV0
Immigration to Hawaii In the near f'l-'
Hire of a peoplo eligible to citizenship,
from the Portuguese possessions, nil of
whom liuu' huge families, renders It
wall feeli that il Is one of such mo
menious Importiiuce to the future of
tho Territory that it Is an ample Jus
tlllintlon lor asking for the relief pro
vided by the bill now before you.
Next In order, though secondary In
Its Imporlnnce to education, Is that ol
I'mlcr this heading there tins been
expended, from loan funds, during th3
j ears 1903-1V03. for roads nnd bridges,
public buildings, waterworks, scwen
wharves, (lie sum oi
This work has been wholly for te.
rltorlal uses, and the harbor linpiove.i
ments nnd wharves are Independent ol
worK "one ny or lor me reuer.ii iiov
eminent. There Is still reserved for
contracts carried over July 1, 190.1. th
rum of $:I0,832.77.
Tim need of public buildings In Ha
waii Is sorely felt and Is uppurctil tc
t'H who have visited the Territory.
The cuxtom-liouxe occupies n building
erected In 1859. to which from time
to time there have been added bulld-i
lugs for storage purposes, nnd yet a
tho present time the room Is Inade
quate. Th.e jiost-ollice Is In n building creel-'
cd In the early neentles ample al ill,
period for the purpose, but wholly tn-
adequate for the handling of malls ut
the present time, ami necessitating tn
tenting of additional quarters.
The I'nlted States district court ocl
tuples rented chambers In what wa
lormcrly the capltol building. I
The collector of internal revenue lia.1 j
ery limited room and facilities In tlm
basement of the present capltol (pal-:
uco) building, while other Federal of.
tlclals lire distributed throughout tho
city In rented quarters. I
Harbor Improvements The need of
Increased harbor facilities Is one that
has had the attention of the ilcpait-j
ments fur some time past, and, whllo
much work Is now being dono, much
morn icmulns to be done to meet the
requirements of the rapidly growing
commerce of the Pacific. ' I
At the present time the larger ves-l
sols of the Pacific Mall Stenmhlp
Company aro compelled, when heav
ily laden, to remain outside of the har
bor while discharging freight and pas
sengers. Defenses. This Is a matter of prima
Imporlnnce, more particularly to tli
I'nclfic coast. The War Department
bus developed plans for the protection
nnd defense, more particularly of the
Island of Oahu and the city of Hono
Amnio funds aro needed for the erec
tion of works and the emplacement of
Thu question may here be asked,
why has Hawaii bo burdened herself
nnd assumed cuch oblicntlons?
The answer Is, llrst. the duty placed
on those who are to guide the destny
of the Territory slnre annexation to
tlm I'lilnn nnd, second, the Inability,
through taxation to the limit of value,
to meet the ileminds of the opporlunllf
The total aiea of Hawaii Is 1.125.125
acres. Of UiK 1,078.092 acies arc cul
tivated or cultivable, or, more specif
ically, 1090 square miles.
Tho Chairman. You say that Is all
that Is cultivable?
Mr. (5. W. Smith. Yes, sir.
Senator Plies. About one-fourth?
Air. O. W. Smith. About one-fourth:
there Is so much of tho mountainous
land cnveied nith tha i'?hrls of old
lavn Hows (hat It can not bo cult I
Henntor Wetmore. Is it of ono is
land you epeak?
Mr. n. W. Smith. Of ull the Islands,
The assessable value of tho real ami
personal property, ns of January 1.
1905. wus $133,924,100, divided ns fob
lows: Ileal estate, $07,509,030; per
sonal property, $C0,415,OC4. On this a
rate of 1 per cent Is assessed on th
full rush value. In acM.inm wh II
there Is an In-line tax of : p. r , ent u
all Incomes In excexs or $1 odd a.sil
license and Inheritance tuxes Tho
local taxation per capita amounts 'o
$15.20, nnd the Federal taxation par
capita, to $7.20.
The Chairman. What do you mean
by Federnl taxation?
Mr. O. W. Smith. That Is. dividing
the taxation assessed by the Federal
fiovernmeiit by tho population, tlm
revenues derived by tho Federal Oov
eminent from the Territory
The Chairman. On account of eut-
Mr. O. W. Smith. Yes, sir
The total receipts of the Territory
(or the period ending June 30. 1905,
were $2.254.S13.02. The total, expense
for tho same rerlod were $2.2.7 963 11,
I'mlcr (he various forms of govern
ment, prior to annexation. Hawaii on
Joyed the customs receipts fiom tho
tariff then existing and. with thew re
ceipts. In addition to the receipts from
taxation, tho work of ggvcrnmi ut was
With annexation the first of these
sources of revenue ceased nn,l the Ter
ritory had only the taxation receipt!
lo carry on tho government and pro
vide the many .mprovcmi tits required
by her advanced stains and dut to
In asking that Ibis percentage of the
revenue be set nparl Hawaii Is not
ticking to be relieved from paying tlv
United Slates tnrlff as Imposed on tho
balance of tho citizens of our country;
on the contrary, the utmost willing
ness exists to meet the duties Implied
and assumed by citizenship.
Since annexation the tlovernmcnt or
the Culted Stntes has received from
the customs nnd Internal revenue In,
Hawaii the sum ot $0,059,171 51
flu the other hand tho Federal Gov
ernment lias been, liberal In n largo
measure, to tho Territory, In tho as
sumption ot a portion of tho debt ot
(he Republic ot Hawaii, $4,000,000. in
tho payment of what lire known ns tho
lire claims, of $1,000,000: for tho har
bor of Honolulu. $200,000: army posts,
$100,000; leprosarium on the Island of
Molokal, $150,000. and tor Immigration
stations, quarantine nations, nnd tho
maintenance of army and navnl sta
tions. The foregoing expenditures of tho
Federal CJovcrnment, amounting to
$5,850,000. are less than tho rovenuo
received by $209,171.51. but from the
total should be deducted the $I.Oo0.0o0
of the debt assumed, which was n con
tractual payment specifically named In
the treaty of annexation.
Furthermore, only one of these pay
ments, that of the flro claims, wus ot
direct benefit to tho Territory, the oth
cro expenditures being Incidentally to
tho benefit of tho Territory nnd direct
ly for the benefit and protection of tha
Pacific coast and mainland In general.
Not An Expense.
Hawaii stands in the unique position
of being the only Territory of tho
Union that Is, and has not been, an
expense nnd a burden to the Federal
The balance to bo retained ns pro
vided In the bill Is more than nmpli
for nil the expenses of tho Federal Oov
ernment In Hawaii, the actual cost of
which, for a period of five years, has
mounted to $1,189,137.30. an average
per annum ot $237,827.40. ns shown by
n letter from the honorable Secretary
of tho Treasury to tho Delegate from
Hawaii, under dato ot January 12,
The Chairman. Ilavo you that let
ter? Mr. (1. W. Smith. I think It was
filed with the House Committee on
The Chairman. I should like to havo
that letter go In light here. It van do
Mr. O. W. Smith. Very well. sir.
The letter referred to Is as follows:
Treasury Department, Olllce of tho
Secretary. Washington, January
Hon. Jonah K. Kalanlanaole. M.C.,
Houso of Representatives.
Sir: 1 havo tho honor to acknowl
edge tho receipt of your letter of the
9th limtunt, in which you request
"statement of amount of Federal rev
enues from customs and tho Internal
revenue, respectively, collected In tho
Territory of Hawaii for each fiscal
I year beginning with the organization
of the Territory. June 14. 1900. down,
to July 1. 1905."
(Continued on Monday 1
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