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EVENING BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU, T. H., 1809.
13 Tin; upbuilding of n model American running cumimmlly In the midst of a pros perous sugar plantation district, Is tho am bition of tho men controlling the corpora tluns combined In tho Mnul Agricultural Company. These men are nlwi lnrgo owners In tho llnwnllnn Commerclnl nucl Sugar Company, which has Inuds adjoining. The resolution of tho Mnul Agrlcullurnl Coiupnny mid the letter of Mr. Ilnldwln nre tho proofs of tho determination mid en thusiasm behind the movement lion. II. I', Ilnldwln and his sons. Hurry A. unit Prank I'., lniinngers respectively of the Mnul Agricultural nnd the llawnllnn Commerclnl pluiilutloiiH, ute the moving splilts. The whole proposition Is more or loss In- olvud In tho limit exchange by which the Tcnltorliil Government will exchange some eight hundred acres of what Is known us the Oiunoplo laud for twelve hundred ncres of land for twelve hundred ncres of land now held by the Haiku Sugar Company, one of tho corporations Included In tho Maul Agri cultural partnership. Land exchanges have not generally been popular In Hawaii because somo of tho peo ple feel that tho Territory has not nlwuyB got tho bust of It. ThlB case is tho one that might ptopuily bo considered In tho list of those In which tho Territory gets full valuo und a good deal more if tho program of hettlcmetit Is carried out, aud Congress takes no action in tariff matters that will In jure tho future of tho American plneapplu li.dustry. Omaoplo Is a tract of public land sur lounded by private holdings. In u season of drought it is absolutely barren, having no water for irrigation. Tho soil may or may not bo good. Tho adjoining soils rulso good sugar cutiu when Irrigated. It would bo u hopeless Held for a homesteader with only rainfall to depend upon. This Omaoplo land can bo watered by tho Maui Agricultural Co., If tho Irrigation ditch known as tho Upper Haiku ditch were ex tended at nu oxpenso of J 10,000 or moro and the water sent down over tho land. This la Indeed what will probably happen when tho exchange Is can led through. On tho other hand, tho twelve hundred acres of Haiku lands, within IS to 20 miles of Knhulul, which it Is proposed to oxchango for this Omaoplo area, is ready for Inimo dluto cultivation. During tho recent period of drought, tho most serious tho islands have experienced In years, tho Haiku lands had n thrifty appearance, and tho adjoining areas not Included in tho exchange, but ap parently of Identical quality, raised tho greatest quantity to tho aero of any pineapple lunds In tho Territory of Hawaii. Tho wild grasses und shrubs wcro thrifty and suggest furtllo soil. In fact, tho Haiku lands nnd tho sur roundings, taken In connection with tho transportation facilities ready on demand, nnd tho favorable location for homes, com bines In olio of tho most attractive homo steading propositions that can bo found on tho Island of Maul. Added to tho beauty of location and the fertility of tho laud Is tho moral Inlluenco of adjoining corporations nnd largo financial Interests that iiavo already developed an In dustry other than tho cultivation of sugar cane, nnd, furthermore, nnnounco their willingness to turn hundreds of ncres of their own laud over to Intelligent farmers who want lands for cultivation and homes, rather than for speculation. Tho uvorngo fertility of tho Boll Is proved. Finully, tho great problem of transporta tion that lies at tho bottom of nil success Is holved. Tho lucln rouml-llio-isluiid road puhsed tluough tho center of tho district. On tho lower edge und nearer tho sea tho new lino of macadamized road Is being construct ed. Ouco tho land Is populated It will bo tainted by tho Kahulul Hallway, which takes tho products to Kahulul harbor for transpor tation to Honolulu or direct to tho Pacific Coast. Tho Kahulul Hallway Company plans not only to extend Its tracks. It has already ordered nuto-trucks to carry tho product of tho plneapplu cannery nnd pineapple growers I ow established on tho lands above and ad Joining tho proposed homesteiidlng urea. Should tho Kahulul Hallway not meet all tho demands of people of tho district with products to send to market, they are by no means at tho meicy of u monopoly. The piopcrty will support fifty homesteaders with fifty aero ureas, and us the autotruck carrier has paved tho way, they could easily combine to establish an auto-truck sys tem of their own, direct to Kahulul har bor. And should they feel that they were being cinched by tho steamship companies, they would probably have an output large enough to invito competition for direct tiudo with tho Coast. To an observer going over tho ground with u low to development tho prospect offered by this Haiku laud Is more attractive oven than tho mugiilflcciit lands of Kapua, Kauai, on account of tho mora favorublo transporta tion facilities. Tho man at Haiku is as near tho mainland market as tho pineapple grower of the Island of Oahu. Tho land has been tested and there Is not tho slightest doubt that It will support Intelligent agricultural ists. Tho lands follow the coast lino and slope gradually from the rugged cliffs that rise from ten to n hundred feet nbovo tho sea to eight hundred and n thousand feet. Some of tho oldest homes of white people In the Islands are In this section, nnd tho vigorous character of the men nnd women who were born heio aud hnvu grown to manhood mid womanhood Is tho best possible example of what mny rightly be expected In tho future. One of tho present pliionpplc-runcli owners Is n man who came to the district for health. Ho had of this world's goods In plenty. He has not only gained whut ho sought, hut Im pi en oil Ills londltlon financially. One of the happiest features Is tho friendly attitude of Uio surrounding corporate Inter ests repiesentlng millions of capital. It stands to renson that corporations will not offer their lands to Independent farmers on practically the saino terms ns tho Terri tory disposes of its public lands unless they mo slncetely determined to render uvory as sistance to the success of tho farmer. Mallko Gulch, Island of Maul, A Beautiful Spot Within a Few Mllet of the 12000 Acres of Lands That Will Soon be Thrown open to Settlers In Con nection With the Pineapple Industry of the Haiku District. HAWAIIAN COMMERCIAL AND SUGAR COMPANY Largest Sugar Property of Hawaiian Islands Sets Standard For the Cane Sugar World Ideals Carried Out by H.P. Baldwin and His Son, Now Manager DIUVINQ over from Lnhnlna on tho lee ward side of Maul, upon reaching the top of tho pall, a sccno of magnificent fertility unfolds Itself. For miles nnd miles, from ono sea coast to tho other extends n level plot of enno fields of varying shades of green. In ono field the steam plows uro ut work, in another planting Is being done, fer tilizing und irrigating gangs are working In tho next field, tho smoke Is pruning from tho hugo smokestacks of tho mill and tho sceno of censolccs activity nBtounds one. This Ib tho proporty of tho Hawaiian Com mercial nnd Sugar Co. This vast plantation extends from Knhulul Hay on ono sldo of Mnul to Mnalaea Day on tho other, between Halcakala mountain and tho West Muui mountains. Of tho 23,000 acres included in this property 18,000 aro considered good cane land. Where Spreckels Started. In 1877 Clans Spreckels, tho California millionaire, who died recently, started this plantation and held tho controlling interest until about thirteen years ago. Members of tho firm of Alexnnder und Huldwln now hold tho controlling stock. Through wlso nnd careful management this plantation has becoino tho leading ono In lug room, billiard hall and danco hall, also a public putk of somo 8 acres, in which aro situated tho two best turf tennis courts in the Islands. Tho courts are furnished with grand stand, dressing room and shower bath. There aro four baseball teams on tho 1'lantntloii, und the baseball diamond Is situ ated In the park and kept In condition by tho plantation. All sports receive liberal en couragement, and there nro n number of trnphys annually contested for. Recent Crop Figures. Tho Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Com pany htiB under cultivation 0,340.73 ncres for tho 1009 Crop and G.419 acres for tho 1910 Crop, giving n total of 1Z.7C4.73 acres. Tho btigar output for 1908 was 50,150 tons, whllo tho estimate for tho 1909 Crop Is something over 50,000 tons. Theso figures, of courso. Include sugar annually manufactured by tho 1'uiincno factory fiom cane grown on tho former Klhcl plantation. During tho month or December, 1908, 120 skilled and 3,551 unskilled laborers, giving ii total of 3,071 men, wcro employed by tho Company. These figures Includo about 97 men Jointly employed by tho Hawaiian Com mercial & Sugar Company nnd Walluku Su gar Co., upon illicit construction work. i L , L I c Hawaiian Commercial &. Sugar Company's Mill at Puunene, Maul, The Largest Sugar Mill on the Islands. tho group. Tho cane which has proved tho most successful Is tho I.ahalnu variety and Is grown almost exclusively, although Hose Uninboa and several experimental varieties have beno tried in small Held. The head quarters in early years were at Spreckels llle but uro now ut I'uuneiio where tho Im mense sugar mill, plantation office, depot, postolllce, machine shops, carpenter shops, Ice-plant, schoolhouse, cottugos for em ployees and n largo club house for the bache lors uro located. Care of Employees. Tho Company tnkes un especial Interest In tho welfnio of Its employees, for whoso recreation It maintains a library aud read- Irrigating, enno loading and somo of tho cutting Is done under tho contract system. Tho other labor is performed under what Is commonly known In tho Islands us tho "uku pan" day labor system, and ulso by time work. Railway System. Tho ripened cnuo Is transported from field to mill In plantation railway curs, tho com pany maintaining u complete railroad system Intersecting every portion of tho cultivated land und aggregating 80 miles of trackage. Tho railroad is supplied with 6 locomotives, 4 of them being of tho Huldwln make und 2 at tho l'orter typo. Theso locomotives bum oil und haul monthly from 70,000 to 80,000 tons of freight. Tho main tracks, supple mented by lu tulles of iiortublo trucK, is three-foot gauge, conforming with tho Kuhu lul Railroad Company b sjstom und is lata with 3d pound rails. Kiglil-hundrcd und lltty tour-ton caiiu curs aro touud necessary to haul tho crop handled by tliu system, which extends Iiom I'uuneiio to Kuhului, im hel, und to tho l'ula boundary, where It con nects with tho railroad system of tho Maul Agricultural Company. Tliu soil Is prepared tor planting with Duero plows aud 0 tots of Fowler steam tackle. Cuno curs lu tho Held uro loaded -by tin co bets of Wilson it. Webster cuno loaders und two suts of Kennedy loaders. 0. Hansen Is steam plow uversocr. Great Irrigation Ditches. Owing to tho low average annual rainfall ut I'uuneiio, Irrigation has always been cur ried ou extensively on this property over since tho plantation has been lu operation. '1 ho year 19U4 marked tho completion of tho now Kooluu ditch, costing many hundred thousands of dollars, and taxing sot oral hun dred men ono and one-half years to con struct. Tho Kooluu ditch, or aqueduct, wus com menced lu .March, 1903, mid wus completed lu September, 1904. It Is 49,000 feet loug to tho point whoru it dlschurges into tho old II. C. Ac S. Co. uiiuoduct, which was con structed to couvcy mountain water to tho plantation, when tho plantation wus first started by Cuius Spreckels. Of this length 38,000 feel uro uudergiouud tunnels, aud 11,000 feet open ditch. Olio of these tunnels is 2800 feet loug. This miiicduct crosses ut light angled numerous deep and preclpltuus gorges, tho country lu tho region of tho now ditch being exceedingly rough and rugged. About eighteen iuIIcb of trail was constructed upon tho lino of tho ditch lu order to enable tho workmen to get at their work ou tho precipitous sides of tho valleys. Wonderful Rain Record. Tho Koolau division of tho Haua dis trict, through which tliu ditch runs, is tho most rainy portion of Maul. Tho rainfall ut Keanau for 12 mouths preceding December 31st, 1908, being us follows: No. DayB Month. No Italn. Inches. January 11 9.11 February 11 24.97 Murch 11 8.89 April 0 24.90 May 1 12.58 Juno 1 13.78 July 0 20.9G August 2 25.C4 September 3 20.1C October 8 11.31 November 12 15.44 December 1 23.13 Totals G7 210.87 Tho total shows a rainfall of ovor 200 Inches per year. This ditch Is of Inestlmnblo value to tho II, C. & S. Co. us It runs through such u wot i WlWtWM llll 1 1 UlfMkMh"AMAi tMK n fcafrtifctMitriitett artfffctWE&Mtta&w aafcr atitoij&twaHimMMitmtmmn