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EVENING BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU. T. H., 1009.
WAILUKU SUGAR COMPANY Magnificent Property of the Island of Maui. A Water Development Scheme of Great Magnitude. Where The Homestead Plan is Successful. tt&ir'vtffPIiLH 10 THIS KINO of plantations on Muul, wus in Its curly days operated by u King This district, comprising approximate ly 22,000 acres, is situated near the town of Walluku, Maul, und lias been pin duclng cnuo fur more than fifty years. The first old wooden-roller mill, tlio rolls of which wort) driven by oxen, was located ul thu situ of tlio present town of Walluku, and was operated by King Kamchauicha IV luauy years ago. lu tliosu days native and I.alialua cuuo were planted and Lahaina Is thu chief variety grown today. Father Hallej operated a small mill drheu by wa ter power alter Kamchamcha'a tlmo and was the real founder of the existing plantu Hon. Of tlio Mist property controlled at thu present time, G.&0U acres arc, well adapt ed to cane culture, thu remainder being taru pasture, mountain and forest lands, At the present tlmo this plantation, which Is rated among thu most prosperous and productive In thu Territory, has 4829 acres planted to cane. Canu Is grown at eleva tions ranging from 30 to 1100 feet, Tlio character of thu bull is a black heavy luam on thu uplands, that of thu lowlands is slightly sandy. Thu best season for plant ing is from Juuu to thu middle of Septem ber. Crop for 1909. Thu 1909 ci op will comu from 2307 acres, 143 of which 1b plant and 501 ratoous. Canu ripens in from 14 tb 18 months according to the tlmo in which it is planted. Happy Homesteader. lu thu treatment of Its laborers this plan tation bus set uu example which should bo studied by all managers In thu homestead lino It has douo wonders; many of the l'urtuguesu now own their homes which they have secured under thu homestead sys tein, neat cottages with ouu acru of land which they huo planted with tnio, bananas and vegetables, whero they live as happily us thu prosperous farmer on thu mainland. Some of these cottages huvo been tastily decorated wlUi vines, tliero is an air of cleanliness about all of them, and tbo chil dren look happy and contented. Thu educational facilities aru vurlcd. Tlio government supplies tho schools for thu American children, and tho Catholic Mission directly opposllo the mill has a largo school houso whero tho 1'ortugucso children and Catholic children receive their education. Tho plantation has helped tbo Japanese build school houses on their three divisions whero thu children are taught In their own language. In uddltton to this tho planta tion contributes each mouth to tho expense of running the klndergarton which is a great help lu thu labor problem, us tho women cun help their husbands in thu fields and be sure their children aro safely cared for. Great Irrigation Project. In tho cultivation of the soil about 900 pounds of high grado fertilizer aro used to tho aero, with a later application of 300 pounds of nitrate of soda. Thu soli is plow ed to a depth of from fourteen to sixteen inches by two sets of "Fowler's Steam Tackle," us well as by the ordinary mule and horse plow. Au enormous water-ditch having a capac ity of 55,000,000 gallons per day is com pleted, and extends from tho Wallico valley to tho new lauds between Wiilkapu and Mnalaca Day. This ditch Including tho tweuty-oiio tunnels which have been drilled and blasted through solid rock, is twelve miles In length. Ono tunnel nlono Is 2150 feet long. At tho mouth of tho Ino Valley, n largo steel pipe three feet In diameter carries tho water from tho ditch down Into the valley and up tlio opposlto side whole It Is again convoked by tho ditch. From the wnter development tunnels already con structed 9,500,000 gallons of water per day have been obtained while four additional tunnels aie being dug. Some of these will be 2,500 feet long. Cane Ib transported from field to mill lu V Humes and by railroad. The plantation has fourteen miles of main trackage, sl miles of portablo track. 255 cane cars with a carrying capacity of threo tons each ami three llaldwlu locomotives. Tliero are also about fifteen miles of dirt loads In mid ubout the plantation, besides tlie County roads which greatly expedites the movement of men and material. Tho plantation Is fifteen miles long and averages onu and ono-hulf miles wide. Tho company employs 17T4 men at tho planta tion, 200 mules, 40 hort.es and 30 oxen. Tho ciino us It comes from tho Held Is dropped directly upon tho endless cuuo-cnr-rler to n Krujuwskl crusher, uud theuco through three 3 roller mills supplied with Julcu Btralners mid elevators. Tho mill Is supplied with two vacuum pans, quadruple eltecl, settling tanks, eighteen centrifugals ruu by separate engine uud water turbines, super healing duplication system etc. All conveyers and curriers aro run by electric ity generated by a largo dynamo, lu thu mill, maceration from 22 to 30 pur ceuL is carried on by using tho condensation wa ters from tho quadruple effect. In addition to this machinery theru aro eight Alter pres ses and other up to dutu mechanical appli ances such us uru lu use lu modern mills. Toner to drlvo tho machinery Is derived from ouu lurgo Corliss engine 38 by GO Class A. Tho entire mill was designed and erected by tho Honolulu Iron Works and Is onu of thu most completely equipped sugar mills lu thu world. During the year 1908 thu mill turned out an average of 125 tons of sugar per day. Tho mill Is u 34 by 78 nine-roller mill. Magnificent New Mill. On improvements lu mill and wnter devel opmciits theio bus been expended $912.(100 making thu mill uud irrigation system the most complete one lu the Islands. Tho nun system of central coudeusutlou uud tho Her bey driers aiu among tlio features of tho new mill. All small pumps uud engines are driven by electrical power. A lire-proof steel warehouse with a capacity of 2000 tons Is near thu mill, whllo tho ofllco build ing Is supplied with a lurgo lire-proof vault. Tho Kuhulul Railroad Company havo ex tended their track alongside tho mill bo that tho sucked BUgar is conveyed direct to Ka hului and from tliero shipped by the Amor-leuu-Huwallan steamers to San Francisco and Now York. 1'lantntlon freight received Is lauded direct at thu warehouses ueur thu mill. C. I). Wells, who Is onu of tho oldest plan tation managers In the Islands lu point of service, has managed this magnificent prop erty for thu past fifteen years. Ho has doveloped the plantation from an output of 4200 tons of sugar to 10,000 tons at the piescnt tlmo. All of the new Improvements uud developments havo been under his per bomil direction. Mr. Wells recently resigned fiom thu management, and is going to tiiku a well earned rest, spending thu next thiee years In u tour of thu world. Mr II. II, I't'iihalluw who took charge No vember lht, 1908, has been with the Walluku Sugar Company for thu past six years and for tho last year has been assist ant manager Ho is ono of tho youngest managers In thu islands and has charge of 3flBHHElftwife i er Court House at Walluku, Maul. one of tho largest plantations. To assist him In running the plantation thu following staff has been chosen: It. l'oplowskl, Head l.utia Walluku Divi sion; A. (Iiosk, Head I.min Wnlhee Division; (' M. Huberts, Head l.unn Wnlknpti Dlvl rion, A. M Now ell, llookkeeper; II. Streu berk. Chief engineer; U H. Dattello, Chemist Thu officers of tho Company ur.. M. P. Kobtnson, President. P. C. Jones, Vlco-Presldent. O. II. Robertson, Treasurer. E. F. lllshop, Secretary. T. It. Robinson, Auditor. C. M. Cooko, Director. Drowor & Co. aro tho Honolulu agents. PIONEER MILL COMPANY That Cultivates Fertile Fields About Lahaina, The Ancient Capital of Hawaii. Till: point which strikes ono most forc ibly upon a first visit to Maul, is thu rich fertility of tho Boil. Tlio Pioneer .Mill Co. Ltd., situated at l.nhalna, Maul, has under its contiol 25,000 acres of land most of which is owned in fco simple. Of this laud over SHOO acres aiu under cane, three-fourths of which Is plant cane, thu remainder rntoons. Tho boll is a red nllu rial and rich In cane producing elements. Hero canu Is grown from sea level to an elevation of 2,000 feet. The l.nhalna variety of cano has proved the most successful, although a few acres n ro planted with Caledonia nnd other vari eties. I.aluilnn cano resists tho attacks of the leaf-hopper to a greater degrco than any other on this plantation. Tho sugar output for 1908 was 27,118 tons; the estimated output for 1909 is ubout the samu ns that of 1908. Cnno is conveyed from field to mill by railroad and V Humes, stations being estnli llshed wheio necessary to transfer the cane from tho flunio to tho cars and conveyed thcucu direct to the mill. Ono stationary llumo carries thu cano from 1,000 acres direct Into tho cano carrier of tho mill. Thu transportation facilities comprise 25 miles of railroad, 400 cano cars, threo Ilnld win locomotives, and ono German locomo tive Tho locomotives weigh from six to sixteen tons. The cano Is delivered from the cars to tho endless carrier by the flregg automatic cano car unloader, which Is supplied with r - i ES The Pioneer Mill at Lahaina, Maui, One of the Big Money Makers of the Islands. Laborer's Homestead In Beautiful lao Valley, cottage and one acre of ground now belongs to tenant In fee simple on condition of three years residence. Formerly the property of the Walluku Sugar Co., Maul. Two sets of Fowler's steam tucklo and ordinary niulu plows aro In uso, but owing to tho stony nature of tho soil, pick and shovel aie lulled upon for u largo area. Nearly all of the Knnmipall hind toward tho mountains Is worked with steam plows. Great Irrigation Syetem. Tho largo Ilonokahau Irrigation ditch which cost $185,000, has a capacity of 25, 000,000 gallons of water In twenty-four hours, and conveys the water from Ilonoka hau a dlstuuco of fifteen miles. Thu water is leased fiom II. P. Ilaldvvln, the ditch supplying tho plantation wllh 12, 000,000 gallons dally III addition to this supply, they huvo tho mountain streams, and threo pumping stations, to furnish tho balance of tho wnter needed Ono of tho pumps is dilven by water power and two by steam. Flvo thousand II vo hundred acies of rnno uru supplied with mountain wnter, tho U'lutilnder being lnlgated Willi water fiom thu pumping stations. During thu win ter season It Is unnecessary tu operate tho pumps, mountain water supplying all tho necessary Irrigation, From 800 to 1,000 pounds of high grndo fertilizer and 400 pounds of nitrate of soda is used to tho aero. four Bets of sprocket chains and teeth In stead of the usual two Bets. This delivers tho canu to a Krajawskl crusher, from which It passes through n modern nine-roller mill 34x72 with a cupac ty of 1D0 tons of raw Btigar In twenty-four hours. Recent Improvements, There has just been attached In tho mill, a Bet of revolving knives of tho latest pat tern. Tho Hcalls Juice weighing scales have been Installed lately, weighing thu Julcu as It comes from tho mill. A new machine shop with latest mill machinery, has Just been completed. Tho bagasso Is conveyed automatically from tho mill to tho furnace room and chop ped directly to tho Itlsdou automatic fur nace feeders. Tho mill was built by the Honolulu Iron Works and Is supplied with tho most modern appliances for tho maun fact u ro of raw sugar, such as Julco straliiois and elevators, Deiulng superheating upura tus, bag-filters, sottllng tnnks, I.lllle effect, one Honolulu nnd two German vacuum pans twcnty-Blx 30-inch and two 40 Inch Hepwoith centrifugals driven by separate power, six