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LVENINQ BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU, T. H., 1009.
17 y li, ittsfc'-v't-i-'-W' niter presses nnd mticli oilier up to ditto in.ieliliiury. Sugar elevators convoys tliu BUgar from thu centrifugals lu u higher floor, from whence It in dropped down lo tliu bags. II)' this iiiutliutl tliu sugar U given uu oppot tuiilly lu cool beloru It In sacked, mid all shoveling Is avoided. Two grades ut sugar nru manufactured A and II, all other grades being lelilrned mid worked over Into those standard grades A sugar polarizes from 98 tu 98t4, while II sugar polarizes from 9CV4 to 97. Water (ur general mill usu Is obtained from two three-million gallon pumps elected over nulls Bunk uu tliu iiliiututluu and by ono 10,0U0,00J gallon pump driven by tliu old Snu Francisco Howard Street puwur housu engine. Wliat water Is uut required lu tho mill ruus oft tutu tliu Irrigation ditch es and Hows to a largo area of cane below the 80 feet level. Maceration of from lit) tu 30. Is carried uu In tliu mill by utilizing tliu condensation waters fioin tliu quadruple effect Tu hold tliu vast amount of water acquir ed for Irrigation purposes, fourteen large reservoirs liuvo been constructed eight at Kaanapall mid six at I.ahalna, with a com bined capacity of 75,010,000 gallons. Tlio shipping point of tills mill Is Kaana pall and tliu sugar is carried tliencu in train loads. Every appllanco lu tliu way m cranes mid lighters fur loading tliu sugar into ves sels bound for New York und tliu Pacific cuast, mo found ut this port, as well us two largu warehouses with a combined storage capacity of 1100,000 bags of sugar. During tho past year tliu company has employed 1,000 men upon tliu plantation firty per cent of the labor is let out to labor associations or "huls," under contract, the remainder being done by day labor paid direct by tho plantation School Opportunities. Tho mill being situated In the town of I.ahalna. tliu children of tliu employees liuvo access to tliu public schools whllo tliu plan tation contributes a buiii each mouth toward the support of thu kindergarten, where tliu Japanese children of the employes aru taken calu uf whllo their parents are at work on the plantation, Theiu tuu threo .Japanese schools, two Christian and ono Iluddhlst The planta tion furnishes land mid house and pays tho teacher, Louis Ilarkhaiisen, has been manager of this very largo and well regulated planta tion slnco December 1st, 1900. Provlous to this he managed Klpaliulu plantation for a period of two years. KAELEKU SUGAR CO. Old Hana Plantation Reorganized Tremendous Rain fall Obviates Necessity for Irrigation. IN February, 1905, uld Hana Plantation Company was reorganized by M. S. Orlnbaum & Co., the new company be ing named the Kacleku Sugar Company, Ltd.; the agency of said company being Theo. II. Davles & Co., Ltd. Forty years ago Lahalnn cano was grown at Hana, Mr. Unit being one of thu earliest planters. Tho plantation Is Ideated upon tho windward sldo of tho Island of Maul und extends along thu seacoast for a distance of tin miles. John Chalmers Manager Kaeleku Sugar Co., Hana, Maul. To assist hi m In mill mid plantation work hu has secured the following staff: F. Stark, Head I. una; II linden, .Section I. una; I.ahalna Division. Ileugo Itahlnnwitz. Section lama Kiuimipall Division; Chief engineer, W. 11. McCubbln; Assistant En gineer, Edmund Daniels; A. A, Anlberg, Bookkeeper; J. II. Oannnn, Assistant Hook keeper; V. Helming, Sugir Holler and Chemist; K. .1. Xodtvvltz. Timekeeper; C. Ilortfeld, Assistant Timekeeper; F. (Ion salves, Steam Plow Overseer. The oniccrs and Directors of tho company nro as follows: .1. F. Hackfeld, President; H. Focko. Second Vlco President; W Pfotenhaiier, Treasurer; F. Klamp, Secretary; A. Hnne berg, Auditor. Tho,,nbi)vo ofllcers excepting the auditor, with J. A. McCiiikIIpss and F. W. Macfarlauc, constitute tho Hoard of Directors. Ilcnd Overseers, K. Stark, II. Doden, for I.ahalna; II. Itnblnowltz for Kaanapall: Chief Mill Engineer. W. II. McCubbln Hookkecper, A. A. Alherg; Assistant Hook keeper, .1. K. Gannon; Tlmekeepprs, K. .1 Zedtwltz. C Ilortfeld; Sugar Holler, W. Hen nlng; Physician, Dr. Krnnkllu Hurt. Hackfeld & Co. nre tho Honolulu agents. Catholic Church opposite Walluku Sug ar Co.'s Mill. An excellent school for the employee's children it main tained here. The company controls 3,000 acres of suit able cane lands and there Is under cultiva tion at thu present time about 2500 acres. The annual average rainfall at liana Is about 70 Inches and Irrigation Is not nec essary. Cane Is tr.inapoilcd to the mill In V Humes und In eune curs. Theru are lo mites of rnlhoads anil live miles of Humes upon the plantation ami two Baldwin loco motlvcH nru used to tiling tho cane lo tho mill. Tho railroad extends from liana tu thu Kaeleku division. Thu soil Is pieparcd fur planting by thu aid of onu set of steam Fowler plows and tackle, and tho ordlnnry plows so commonl) used. Thu temperature averages from 00 to 80 degrees. There nro about 300 Japanese, Korean, Hawaiian and n few Portuguese on thu place. Tho labor Is performed under the profit-sharing and day-labor systems. A Honolulu Iron Works nlne-rollor mill uud KrnJewsM crusher constitute tho plant. Three double hollers nru fed with cane trash, no other fuel being used to run thu mill. The boiling apparatus Is comprised of two vacuum pans with a capacity of c ven and eight tons each respectively, one Iteming outfit, and fifteen settling tunks of SOU gallons capacity each. There Is one Quadruple effect and eight centrifugals, to gether with four mud-presses and a large number of molasses cooleis. The above about coveis all thu apparatus used lu the manufacture of sugar. The mill capacity being 30 tons In 12 hours. The Hiigur Is taken fioin thu mill to tliu warehouse ut tho landing, on rallioad cars. John Chalmers has been manager of tliu Knoleku Sugar Co, Ltd., slnco December 1901. Mr. Chalmers has been connected with the sugar Industry for 25 years, nnd has worked upon all of the principal Islands of the gioup. Head Overseer, John Murray; Chief Mill Engineer, Herman lie tho; Bookkeeper, Geo O. Cooper; Sugar Holler, John K. Kaleo; Storo Manager, Karl Hoendnlil; Team I. una O. II. Kaualoku; Illncksmlth, Harry Eng lish; Overseers, Hubert Clark, (larcla, Hen Duson, Joo Dart, Pulant, Manuel Jesus; Phy sician, Dr. W. II. Deas. Officers of the Company: OLOWALU Water For Cultivation OLOWALU plantation Is located on tho leownrd sldo of Maul, six miles from I.ahalna mid eighteen mites from Walluku Tho company owns nnd controls 9000 acres, 500 of which nro planted In cane. The Boll Is n loose gravel, easily cultivat ed by ordinary mule plows. I.ahalna cano is grown almost exclusively, there helm? but a few acres of Caledonia. Tho plantation lands under cultivation occupy n low flat near thu sea; cano Is not planted above tho 200 foot elevation. Philip Million planted tho first cane nt Oluwalu thirty years ngo. Irrigation Is relied on almost exclusively for n heavy precipitation of rain nuwr oc curs except during Komi storms and It has been years since one lias visited this plan tation. The rainfall Is surprisingly small about two Inches per year being the nver age. The Olowalu und llkiimehiimo gulches furnish n dally rupply of 5,000 00') gallons of water. Two centrifugal pumping sta tions onch having n capacity of 1,500,000 gallons per day, both run by electricity are in use; tho dynamos have been moved to the other sldo of tho gulch slnco our last report A railroad system six miles long and sup plied with two Hnldwln locomotives nnd fifty cane cars, handles thu crop easily. Doth contract nnd day labor nro used on RUBBER IN HAWAII BY WILLIAM Till: first rubber trees for commercial production in Hawaii were planted during January, 1905. The Indus try, then, is still lu Its Infancy but, Its piosperous condition today Indicates that In this child Is promise of u successful man. Tho early planter's ronfldenco In Hawaii's toll and climate to produco this aitlcle of (Oinnielce, that is produced at a huge ptoflt In other tropical countries, ap peals not to have been misplaced. Dining this porlod about fifteen hundred lines of Jungle und foiest land have been .i fsm Eighteen Months Hevea ele.ucd und planted to rubber and today the total number of growing trees Is 572, 000, varying In age from four yenrs to seedlings. Ninety por cunt, of these nre In the Koolau district near Nahlku on Maul and the balnnco In Punn on Hawaii. 512,000 nro of the Ceara variety and President, M. S. Orlnbaum, Snn Francisco. Vice-President, A. Oartcnberg. Treasurer and Secretary, M. F. Swnnzy. Auditor, Itobcrt Mist. Directors: M. S. Orlnbaum, J. 8. Angus, A. (Inrtenbcrg, II. Holmes, M. F. Swnnzy. Honolulu Agents, Theo. II. Davlcs & Co. COMPANY Exclusively Prom Pumps. tho plantation, 145 men being sulllclcnl to harvest and handle tho crop. Tbo first mill erected wus u Scotch make, but u portion of tho equipment has been replaced by machinery mudn by thu Hono lulu iron Works. Thu eight-roller mill lias a capacity of thirty tuns lu twenty-four hours uud Is supplied with a shredder and revolving cnuo knives, tliu cano being dump ed direct from thu cars upon tho currlur. Four 36-Inch Weston ceutrlfugals, Stand ard triple effect, Honolulu vacuum pan, mud presses, ouo Putnam and ono Mlrrlees, Tall & Watson engine of Scotch make nru thu principal contents of thu mill. Machine shops, a lathe, blacksmith shops and carpen ter shops niu run lu connection with thu mill. Thu finished product Is shipped from thu company's lauding ut Oluvvulu. The sugar output fur 1903 was 1050 tons. Tho estimate or 1000 Is about tbu same. George Glbb, who previously wus located upon O.ihu, has managed this well regulated plantation for tho past six years. i:. llaueberg is sugar holler nnd James l.ulug the engineer. Thu ofllcers of the company follow: W. G. lrvvln. President. J. 1). Spreckels. Vice-President. Itlclmrd hers, Secretary and Treasurer. K. I. Spalding, Auditor. W. G. Iiwln & Co. nro thu Honolulu agents. WILLIAMSON 00,000 of tho Hevcn and In udditlun to these are sonic U00 Castlllons for experi mental purposes. Thu rubber grower Is deeply Indebted to the staff at tile Federal Expciimciit Slatlou for data based on experimental tapping covering n period of eighteen months. This work has been dono to determine tho ylold of tho Ce.irn treo and tho most economical method of exliacllng tho latox and coagu luting it Into tbu marketable product. The lesults obtained provo conclusively Hint rubber trees will yield prolltnblo returns ft $ stf: 4 J 7MS Trees Grown on Maul. nnd Imlleato that the actual cost of tap ping tho trees will not exceed .10 cents por pound Similar expel llncnts will bo made upon tho llevuus us soon as they have attained a sulllclent slzo. Hawaiian planters recognized fiom the beginning thu udvlsublllty of not conlluluu