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EVENING BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU, T. H 1909.
18 tliclr attention to any one Mirlcty of tree. Tlio licveus planted two years ago have ihiiiIo excellent growth nnil the hark con tain nn abundance of latex. Wherover this variety will Brow It is recognized ns a superior tree hoth In hardiness and In yielding caimclty. Having a single bark It Is also more economical to tap. Knougu of tlii! Custlllou vnrlety hae been planted to itctcrinlnu tho value of the trco an :i pioilncer In Huwuli. Thcso are bIiowIiib u very rnild growth also, Most ot the 1909 plantings ot the plantations now operntlug will ho Hovcu. A glanca hack over a period ot eighteen ve.us will show a stead) rise in tho price of crude rubber, lu 1891 GC 1892 74 1893 79 1891 7G 1895 81 189G 85 1897 89 1898 90 1899 9G 1900 1.01 1901 1.07 . 1907 1.G3 (plantation) The pi ice ot standard wild rubber on the :i0th ot November, 1908 was $1.16. Those who have made, a study ot the rub ber market hnvo no fear of overproduction. Presuming that the supply from the wild forests will lemnln fixed nt 00,000 tons. It RSWBSPIHSiaBiHI Scene on Rubber Plantation ot Maui. will he necessary to Increase planted nreas at the rate of 80,000 acres per year to keep pare with tho demand, It tho demand In creases ut the snino rate, that It has for the last ten ears. It Is not likely thnt tho rubber growers will experience any difficulty In securing labor l.alior wilt naturally prefer the shade of the rubber grovo to the heat and dust of the cnne-fleld, and while the wage- scale here Is higher than In most coun tries thnt are producing rubber today tho supeilor Intelligence and nnturul adept ness ot tho Jupnncso will to some extent offset this difference. A great problem now engnglng the at tention of rubber planters Is tho planting of catch-crops between the trees for tho first two or three jcars. Tho report of Mr V. T. I. Wuterhouso, who went to rhm and Malay to Investigate condi tions there, shows that tho yield per ncie Is approximately the sumo when tho trees mo planted 12x24 as when they aro plant ed" more closely and that tho coJt of tap ping Is diminished by wider planting. New nreas planted to Hcvca will bo on tho wider scale which leaves a great deal ot sp.iio between tho trees uvulluhlo for Inter flops during the first two or three years. Experiments made during 1908 show that yellow torn, sweet and Irish potatoes, beans, peanuts nnd possibly cotton ami pineapples can ho raised ut sufllclent pro 111 to cover tho original cost of prt'p.ulng the laud and of keeping It In n perfect state . of cultivation, it Is not too much to ex pect that If careful study Is given to Inter crops, tho running expenses ot the planta tions will ho largely met in this way. One of the Maul plantations will lutcr-planl GO acres with ) el low corn nnd Irish potatoes this )ear. It Is not to bo expected thnt Hawaii will ever become u great rubber producing country; there is not enough suitable laud for that. The Koolau District on Maul, tho I'una District on Hawaii and tho pro tected gulches on tho wlndwnrd sldo of tho various Islands furnish tho most attrac tive opportunities for planting. In favor able localities the success ot tho young In dustry Is now assuicd nnd durlug the noxt few years plantings will ho very materially Increased and rubber will become an ui ti de ot export from Hawaii. KAUAI PLANTATIONS AND HOMES WHERE EUROPEAN IMMIGRANTS FIND HOMES AND WORK McBryde Plantation Has Developed Sugar Industry and Independent Homesteading District Kalaheo Home steads Pineapples Railway Project Electrical Power for Pumping. McllHYDi: plantation operated by tho Me liryde Sugar Company, Ltd., ut Kleulc. Kauai, has undertaken the most com pichcuslvo scheme for establishing kiuull homes near tho plantation of any prop erty In tho Islands. The plantation company held a long lease on u largo tract ot public hind ut Kalaheo which had been used for tho cattle ranch. This leaso was surrendered voluntarily un der an agreement with the Territorial gov ernment that tho luud uliould bo given out lu small areas to homesteaders. It was peculiarly an experiment to home stead tho Huiopeuu Immigrant und give htm a homo near tho plnutatlou, so that ho might have his Independent holding whllo enjoy ing an opportunity to earn regular wages by working on the sugar plantation. The tract wus divided into five aero plots. Tho corporation associated with tho Mc liryde Interests erected houses for tho home steaders it they did not have the wherewith al, and the European Immigrant has no other capital than his labor. Tho public land department made very easy terms to tho homesteader for tho pur chase ot tho land. The plantation laid In pipes to euch Ave aero tract, thus giving wa ter for household nnd irrigation purposes free. Furthermore, In order to promote a hecoudury Industry and glvo tho homestead er a profltuhlu crop that ho might cultivate when not working In tho cane fields, tho Kauai Fruit nnd Land Co., Ltd subsidiary to the sugar corporation and eiigugod lu tho plneiipplu business agreed to tuko the pine upi'lea grown by theso homesteaders ut Hit tilling market price. No attempt Is made to forco theso home; steuders to work on any Biigar plantation. Thero aro absolutely Independent. Tho Mc Ilrydo plantation however, offers tho In ducement of furnishing trco wood to those employed on Us property. This experiment In small homesteading has been eminently satisfactory and may set tho paco for tho solution of many ot tho serious labor problems of the Territory Tho homesteads nro cultivated largely by tho family whllo tho father and older boyx aro at work on tho sugar plantation. Seventy threo homesteads of flvo acres have been taken up, largely by 1'ortugueso uud Spanish Immigrants. Tho houses aro comfortable, und tho people nro generally contented. A very thriving little community has been created on land that was previous ly not over deslrcablo pasture. Walter Mcllrydo manager of tho Krult company Is deeply interested In this colony and gives the affairs ot tho settlers his constunt attention. Oua of tho schemes ho has Inaugurated to help tho homesteaders Is to set apart flvo acres In the midst of the homestead nrea for an experimental plot Hero ho shows tho homesteaders how to grow pineapples. In doing this, ho uses tho snmo tools as tho jHxirest settler, so that tho preparation of tho land Is carried on with the same materials tho homesteador has at his disposal. The experimental plot Is a demonstration of tho Importance and value of Intelligent cultivation. Some ot tho laud holders accept suggestions nud quickly profit by them and others do not. Thoy aro llko tho average of humanity for thrift and energy. On tho whole, tho families living hero nre making good. They are doing well, nnd It Is highly probable that with the increase of European Immigration that must follow dur ing tho next few years, tho general lines laid down In tho Kalaheo homoBtead area will be tho basis of substituting workmen with Independent homes for gang Oriental labor. At the pineapple It the homesteaders' crop It can readily be teen how important to the development of Hawaii on American llnet It the continuation and Increase of the protective taritt on pineapple and fresh truitt. The Mcllrydu Sugar Company's exteuslvu pluututlou comprises approximately 17,000 ucres, ot which ubout U.UuU ucres may bo cousideied as well udupled for cuuu cultuio, uud tho remainder ubout equally divided be tween pasture nud toiesl lauds. According tu surtcys uiudo of tho lauds adapted for sugar cane, thero Is nominally C.uuo ucies below the 400 fool ulovutlou uud 800 acies between 100 and 1,000 feet olevutiuu, ull of which has a most beuuttful slope to tho south and ull uuder tho company s irrigation system. This proporty, which formerly comprised tho Koloa Agricultural Company, tho Eleelo 1'lantutlon uud the Wahluwu runch wus ac quired by tho McDrjdo augur Company u tuw jours ugo. This plantation extends fiom tho Hamipepu valley on tho west to tho Koloa vlllugu on tho east, u dlstuuco of eight miles, with no Intermediate lands hold by outsiders excepting ii few ucres heio uud thero which aiu leased for u nomluui rcntul por year. Theso lauds exteud lulund to thu top of the mountain forming tho backbone of tho Islund, thus leuvlng tho watershed lu thu control and uuder thu protection of tho com puny, whllo two lurgu gulches, Wuhlawu uud l.uwal, run down through tho hind, uud the largo Hanapopo valley Honks tho pluututlou lands on tho western border. A careful examination of tho soils shows 'Ji'n ," , ; i J .. A.) 7? 3fc Xa il llll IMI 1HM1 IM I I !! HI mSmmsmmmm ' 'i . . -' Wcffff ;t :s . , On these beautiful hills are situated the Kalaheo Homesteads promoted by the McBryde Sugar Company tit. tMdlSEuropM Ubo""' th C"mpiny'' Ml"' Here the l"fle$t Pract,cal te,t ' being made o? home. 1?..